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Keping Chen

Qi Ge, Liang Chen, Min Tang, Shu Zhang, Lu Gao, Shangshang Ma, Lanlan Liu, Ming Kong, Qin Yao, Keping Chen, Fan Feng
Mulberry leaves are one of the most commonly used medicinal and herbaceous traditional Chinese medicines that are currently considered for the treatment of diabetes mellitus and its complications. The alkaloids, flavonoids, and polysaccharides in mulberry leaves impart regulatory effects on blood sugar levels. To identify the hypoglycemia-related active components in mulberry leaves and their targets, the present study conducted gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC/MS), which identified 202 components of mulberry leaf, of which 22 components may have significant curative effects on diabetes mellitus and its complications and chronic inflammation...
May 18, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Chengjun Li, Juanjuan Liu, Peng Lü, Shangshang Ma, Keming Zhu, Lu Gao, Bin Li, Keping Chen
Functions of myosin heavy chain (myosin) family genes are poorly understood in some insects. To address this, we determined the expression and function of myosin family genes in Tribolium castaneum. TcMyo15 is predominantly expressed in early embryos, late larvae and early adults, but TcMyo7B transcripts significantly increased in late larvae. TcMyo20 transcripts are abundant in pre-adults, whereas TcMhc1 is highly expressed in post-embryonic stages. TcMhc2 shows peak expression in late pupae. TcMyo9 transcripts reached their highest levels in late pupae...
April 16, 2018: Genomics
Qiang Wang, Meijia Ren, Fan Feng, Keping Chen, Xiaoli Ju
Liver X receptor (LXR) agonists inhibit various types of tumour growth and have been applied to preclinical research. In colon cancer cells, LXR agonists induce pyroptotic cell death through the predominant cytoplasmic localisation of LXRβ. In the present study, we determined whether tumour cell death induced by LXR agonists in colon cancer cells could elicit immunogenic cell death (ICD). LXR agonist-treated-colon cancer cells exhibited translocation of calreticulin (CRT) and release of HMGB1 and ATP into the medium...
March 24, 2018: Molecular Carcinogenesis
Yunzi Zhao, Yuqiu Li, Xiaohui Ning, Keping Chen, Shu Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Peng Lü, Ye Pan, Yanhua Yang, Feifei Zhu, Chengjun Li, Zhongjian Guo, Qin Yao, Keping Chen
The silkworm Bombyx mori (B. mori), a lepidopteran model organism, has become an important model for molecular biology researches with its genome completely sequenced. Silkworms confront different types of virus diseases, mainly including those caused by Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV), Bombyx mori densovirus type 1 (BmDNV-1), Bombyx mori bidesovirus (BmBDV) which was termed as Bombyx mori densovirus type 2 (BmDNV-2) or Bombyx mori parvo-like virus (BmPLV) before in sericulture. B. mori offers excellent models to study the molecular mechanisms of insect innate immune responses to viruses...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Sheng Qin, Blessing Danso, Jing Zhang, Juan Li, Na Liu, Xia Sun, Chengxiang Hou, Heng Luo, Keping Chen, Guozheng Zhang, Muwang Li
Silk proteins are synthesized and secreted by the silk gland. The differential gene expression in it leads to different silk yield among various silkworm strains. As crucial factors, microRNAs (miRNAs) regulate protein synthesis at post-transcriptional level in silk gland. MiRNAs expression level in the silk gland of three silkworm strains (Jingsong, Lan10 and Dazao) was analyzed and 33 differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs) were discovered between JingSong (JS) and Lan10 (L10), 60 DEMs between JS and Dazao, 54 DEMs between L10 and Dazao respectively...
May 5, 2018: Gene
Huan Zuo, Liang Chen, Ming Kong, Lipeng Qiu, Peng Lü, Peng Wu, Yanhua Yang, Keping Chen
Accumulation of excess fluoride in the environment poses serious health risks to plants, animals, and humans. This endangers human health, affects organism growth and development, and negatively impacts the food chain, thereby affecting ecological balance. In recent years, numerous studies focused on the molecular mechanisms associated with fluoride toxicity. These studies have demonstrated that fluoride can induce oxidative stress, regulate intracellular redox homeostasis, and lead to mitochondrial damage, endoplasmic reticulum stress and alter gene expression...
April 1, 2018: Life Sciences
Huan Zuo, Liang Chen, Ming Kong, Yanhua Yang, Peng Lü, Lipeng Qiu, Qiang Wang, Shangshang Ma, Keping Chen
Accumulation of excess fluoride has a destructive effect on the environment, endangering human health, affecting organism growth and development, and leading to damage to the biological chain, thereby affecting ecological environment balance. In recent years, numerous studies focused on the molecular mechanisms associated with fluoride toxicity; however, fluoride-toxicity mechanisms in insect cells remain unclear. This study explored the toxic impact of sodium fluoride (NaF) on Spodoptera frugiperda 9 (Sf9) insect cells...
May 2018: Environmental Pollution
Ming Kong, Huan Zuo, Feifei Zhu, Zhaoyang Hu, Liang Chen, Yanhua Yang, Peng Lv, Qin Yao, Keping Chen
Baculoviruses are double-stranded circular DNA viruses that infect arthropods via the midgut. Because of their superiority as eukaryotic expression systems and their importance as biopesticides, extensive research on the functions of baculovirus genes as well as on the host response to baculovirus infection has been carried out, including transcriptomic and proteomic analyses of the midgut. The morphological and cellular changes caused by baculovirus infection are also important to better understand the infection pathway...
June 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Siwei Wang, Zhifei Ma, Xiangbao Yang, Yajing Wang, Youtao Xu, Wenjia Xia, Rui Chen, Mantang Qiu, Feng Jiang, Rong Yin, Lin Xu, Keping Xu
BACKGROUND: Postoperative radiation (PORT) is an option for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with resectable stage IIIA pathological N2 status (pN2). For patients with PORT, this study aims to investigate the impact of the exact number of positive lymph nodes (LNs) on overall survival (OS) and lung cancer-specific survival (LCSS). METHODS: Within the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database, we identified 3373 patients with stage IIIA pathological N2 status (pN2) NSCLC who underwent a lobectomy or pneumonectomy from 2004 to 2013...
December 29, 2017: Radiation Oncology
Liang Chen, Yanhua Yang, Yiting Wang, Lipeng Qiu, Hengchuan Xia, Aiai Wang, Hailong Liu, Hongfei Shi, Keping Chen
Moderate exercise helps improve competition results, providing a balanced muscle tone and biochemical activity, whereas excessive training disrupts the balance between training and recovery, causes harm to the organism, and leads to overtraining syndrome (OTS). To explore the mechanisms of different protein expressions during training and acquisition of immunity, we used proteomic analyses to investigate the differences of liver-protein expressions between 2 swimming modes. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control (CT), fatigue training (FT), and exhaustive training (ET) groups, and liver tissues from each group were subjected to 2-dimensional electrophoresis (2DE)...
December 7, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
Lipeng Qiu, Tao Wang, Xiuquan Xu, Yihang Wu, Qi Tang, Keping Chen
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer and the third leading cause of cancer death in the world. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and its X gene-encoded protein (HBx) play important roles in the progression of HCC. Although long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) cannot encode proteins, growing evidence indicates that they play essential roles in HCC progression, and contribute to cell proliferation, invasion and metastasis, autophagy, and apoptosis by targeting a large number of pivotal protein-coding genes, miRNAs, and signaling pathways...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Xiang Ling, Dongbo Yao, Lumei Kang, Jing Zhou, Ying Zhou, Hui Dong, Keping Zhang, Lei Zhang, Hongping Chen
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, noncoding RNAs that regulate post-transcriptional gene expression by targeting messenger RNAs (mRNAs) for cleavage or translational repression. Growing evidence indicates that miR-155 expression changes with the development of heart and plays an important role in heart physiopathology. However, the role of miR-155 in cardiac cells differentiation is unclear. Using the well-established embryonic stem cell (ESC), we demonstrated that miR-155-3p expression was down-regulated during cardiogenesis from mouse ESC...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
Xu Meng, Feifei Zhu, Keping Chen
As an important economic insect, silkworm Bombyx mori (L.) (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae) has numerous advantages in life science, such as low breeding cost, large progeny size, short generation time, and clear genetic background. Additionally, there are rich genetic resources associated with silkworms. The completion of the silkworm genome has further accelerated it to be a modern model organism in life science. Genomic studies showed that some silkworm genes are highly homologous to certain genes related to human hereditary disease and, therefore, are a candidate model for studying human disease...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
Fanyang Kong, Xiangyu Kong, Yiqi Du, Ying Chen, Xuan Deng, Jianwei Zhu, Jiawei Du, Lei Li, Zhiliang Jia, Dacheng Xie, Zhaoshen Li, Keping Xie
The serine/threonine kinase STK33 has been implicated in cancer cell proliferation. Here, we provide evidence of a critical role for STK33 in the pathogenesis and metastatic progression of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). STK33 expression in PDAC was regulated by the hypoxia-inducible transcription factor HIF1α. In human PDAC specimens, STK33 was overexpressed and associated with poor prognosis. Enforced STK33 expression promoted PDAC proliferation, migration, invasion, and tumor growth, whereas STK33 depletion exerted opposing effects...
December 15, 2017: Cancer Research
Chao Wang, Zixin Huang, Kequan Yu, Ruiling Ding, Keping Ye, Chen Dai, Xinglian Xu, Guanghong Zhou, Chunbao Li
High-salt diet has been considered to cause health problems, but it is still less known how high-salt diet affects gut microbiota, protein digestion, and passage in the digestive tract. In this study, C57BL/6J mice were fed low- or high-salt diets (0.25 vs. 3.15% NaCl) for 8 weeks, and then gut contents and feces were collected. Fecal microbiota was identified by sequencing the V4 region of 16S ribosomal RNA gene. Proteins and digested products of duodenal, jejunal, cecal, and colonic contents were identified by LC-MS-MS...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
Lipeng Qiu, Qi Tang, Guohui Li, Keping Chen
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most prevalent primary liver cancer worldwide, and the survival rates of patients with HCC remains quite low after 5years. Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) are a novel class of non-coding RNAs that are capable of regulating gene expression at various levels. Recent works have demonstrated that lncRNAs are often dysregulated in HCC, and the dysregulation of some of these lncRNAs are associated with the clinicopathological features of HCC. They regulate cell proliferation, apoptosis, autophagy, Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT), invasion and metastasis of HCC by modulating gene expression and cancer-related signaling pathways, and thus contribute to the onset and progression of HCC...
December 15, 2017: Life Sciences
Hengchuan Xia, Dandan Shao, Xiaoyong Liu, Qiang Wang, Yang Zhou, Keping Chen
Vps20-associated 1 (Vta1) positively regulates Vacuolar protein sorting 4 (Vps4) to disassemble endosomal sorting complex required for transport III (ESCRT-III) for repeated uses in multivesicular body (MVB) pathway, virus budding and other processes. Currently, these proteins have mainly been studied in yeast and mammalian cells, while identities of them in insects remain largely unknown. We previously identified BmVps4, a Vps4 homologue from Bombyx mori. Here, we report the identification of a homologue for Vta1, designated as BmVta1...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
Yanjun Du, Jingru Chen, Charles G Willis, Zhiqiang Zhou, Tong Liu, Wujun Dai, Yuan Zhao, Keping Ma
Climate change has resulted in major changes in plant phenology across the globe that includes leaf-out date and flowering time. The ability of species to respond to climate change, in part, depends on their response to climate as a phenological cue in general. Species that are not phenologically responsive may suffer in the face of continued climate change. Comparative studies of phenology have found phylogeny to be a reliable predictor of mean leaf-out date and flowering time at both the local and global scales...
September 2017: Ecology and Evolution
Qi Tang, Peng Wu, Zhaoyang Hu, Yanhua Yang, Lipeng Qiu, Hanqing Liu, Shanying Zhu, Zhongjian Guo, Hengchuan Xia, Keping Chen, Guohui Li
It is unclear how, or to what extent, baculovirus DNA that has been damaged by ultraviolet (UV) light is repaired during infection and replication. In our previous study, expression of Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) ORF Bm65, a homolog of Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) ac79, correlated with decreased inactivation of virus by UV irradiation. In the current study, we accumulated more evidence pointing to a role for Bm65 in repair of UV-induced DNA damage. The localization of Bm65 was studied using enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) fusion constructs expressed in BmN cells transfected with a Bm65 expression plasmid...
October 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
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