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Keping Chen

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137434/involment-of-ras-erk1-2-signaling-and-mef2c-in-mir-155-3p-inhibition-triggered-cardiomyocyte-differentiation-of-embryonic-stem-cell
#1
Xiang Ling, Dongbo Yao, Lumei Kang, Jing Zhou, Ying Zhou, Hui Dong, Keping Zhang, Lei Zhang, Hongping Chen
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, noncoding RNAs that regulate post-transcriptional gene expression by targeting messenger RNAs (mRNAs) for cleavage or translational repression. Growing evidence indicates that miR-155 expression changes with the development of heart and plays an important role in heart physiopathology. However, the role of miR-155 in cardiac cells differentiation is unclear. Using the well-established embryonic stem cell (ESC), we demonstrated that miR-155-3p expression was down-regulated during cardiogenesis from mouse ESC...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117372/silkworm-a-promising-model-organism-in-life-science
#2
Xu Meng, Feifei Zhu, Keping Chen
As an important economic insect, silkworm Bombyx mori (L.) (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae) has numerous advantages in life science, such as low breeding cost, large progeny size, short generation time, and clear genetic background. Additionally, there are rich genetic resources associated with silkworms. The completion of the silkworm genome has further accelerated it to be a modern model organism in life science. Genomic studies showed that some silkworm genes are highly homologous to certain genes related to human hereditary disease and, therefore, are a candidate model for studying human disease...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038348/stk33-promotes-growth-and-progression-of-pancreatic-cancer-as-a-critical-downstream-mediator-of-hif-1%C3%AE
#3
Fanyang Kong, Xiangyu Kong, Yiqi Du, Ying Chen, Xuan Deng, Jianwei Zhu, Jiawei Du, Lei Li, Zhiliang Jia, Dacheng Xie, Zhaoshen Li, Keping Xie
The serine/threonine kinase STK33 has been implicated in cancer cell proliferation. Here we provide evidence of a critical role for STK33 in the pathogenesis and metastatic progression of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). STK33 expression in PDAC was regulated by the hypoxia-inducible transcription factor HIF-1α. In human PDAC specimens, STK33 was overexpressed and associated with poor prognosis. Enforced STK33 expression promoted PDAC proliferation, migration, invasion and tumor growth, whereas STK33 depletion exerted opposing effects...
October 16, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033907/high-salt-diet-has-a-certain-impact-on-protein-digestion-and-gut-microbiota-a-sequencing-and-proteome-combined-study
#4
Chao Wang, Zixin Huang, Kequan Yu, Ruiling Ding, Keping Ye, Chen Dai, Xinglian Xu, Guanghong Zhou, Chunbao Li
High-salt diet has been considered to cause health problems, but it is still less known how high-salt diet affects gut microbiota, protein digestion, and passage in the digestive tract. In this study, C57BL/6J mice were fed low- or high-salt diets (0.25 vs. 3.15% NaCl) for 8 weeks, and then gut contents and feces were collected. Fecal microbiota was identified by sequencing the V4 region of 16S ribosomal RNA gene. Proteins and digested products of duodenal, jejunal, cecal, and colonic contents were identified by LC-MS-MS...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987633/long-non-coding-rnas-as-biomarkers-and-therapeutic-targets-recent-insights-into-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#5
REVIEW
Lipeng Qiu, Qi Tang, Guohui Li, Keping Chen
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most prevalent primary liver cancer worldwide, and the survival rates of patients with HCC remains quite low after 5years. Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) are a novel class of non-coding RNAs that are capable of regulating gene expression at various levels. Recent works have demonstrated that lncRNAs are often dysregulated in HCC, and the dysregulation of some of these lncRNAs are associated with the clinicopathological features of HCC. They regulate cell proliferation, apoptosis, autophagy, Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT), invasion and metastasis of HCC by modulating gene expression and cancer-related signaling pathways, and thus contribute to the onset and progression of HCC...
October 4, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973578/identification-and-characterization-of-bmvta1-a-bombyx-mori-lepidoptera-bombycidae-homologue-for-vta1-that-is-up-regulated-in-development
#6
Hengchuan Xia, Dandan Shao, Xiaoyong Liu, Qiang Wang, Yang Zhou, Keping Chen
Vps20-associated 1 (Vta1) positively regulates Vacuolar protein sorting 4 (Vps4) to disassemble endosomal sorting complex required for transport III (ESCRT-III) for repeated uses in multivesicular body (MVB) pathway, virus budding and other processes. Currently, these proteins have mainly been studied in yeast and mammalian cells, while identities of them in insects remain largely unknown. We previously identified BmVps4, a Vps4 homologue from Bombyx mori. Here, we report the identification of a homologue for Vta1, designated as BmVta1...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904756/phylogenetic-conservatism-and-trait-correlates-of-spring-phenological-responses-to-climate-change-in-northeast-china
#7
Yanjun Du, Jingru Chen, Charles G Willis, Zhiqiang Zhou, Tong Liu, Wujun Dai, Yuan Zhao, Keping Ma
Climate change has resulted in major changes in plant phenology across the globe that includes leaf-out date and flowering time. The ability of species to respond to climate change, in part, depends on their response to climate as a phenological cue in general. Species that are not phenologically responsive may suffer in the face of continued climate change. Comparative studies of phenology have found phylogeny to be a reliable predictor of mean leaf-out date and flowering time at both the local and global scales...
September 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797905/evidence-for-the-role-of-bmnpv-bm65-protein-in-the-repair-of-ultraviolet-induced-dna-damage
#8
Qi Tang, Peng Wu, Zhaoyang Hu, Yanhua Yang, Lipeng Qiu, Hanqing Liu, Shanying Zhu, Zhongjian Guo, Hengchuan Xia, Keping Chen, Guohui Li
It is unclear how, or to what extent, baculovirus DNA that has been damaged by ultraviolet (UV) light is repaired during infection and replication. In our previous study, expression of Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) ORF Bm65, a homolog of Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) ac79, correlated with decreased inactivation of virus by UV irradiation. In the current study, we accumulated more evidence pointing to a role for Bm65 in repair of UV-induced DNA damage. The localization of Bm65 was studied using enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) fusion constructs expressed in BmN cells transfected with a Bm65 expression plasmid...
October 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758131/treatment-of-diabetes-mellitus-using-ips-cells-and-spice-polyphenols
#9
REVIEW
Qi Ge, Liang Chen, Keping Chen
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that threatens human health. The disease is caused by a metabolic disorder of the endocrine system, and long-term illness can lead to tissue and organ damage to the cardiovascular, endocrine, nervous, and urinary systems. Currently, the disease prevalence is 11.4%, the treatment rate is 48.2%, and the mortality rate is 2.7% worldwide. Comprehensive and effective control of diabetes, as well as the use of insulin, requires further study to develop additional treatment options...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753552/overexpression-of-c-myc-enhances-recombinant-protein-production-in-high-five-cells-after-baculovirus-infection
#10
Xiaoli Ju, Meijia Ren, Keping Chen, Qiang Wang
Due to their numerous advantages, baculovirus expression vector systems (BEVS) have been widely used to express recombinant proteins for different purposes. Different strategies have been adopted to increase recombinant protein production. In this study, we transiently or stably expressed mouse c-Myc in High Five cells using a commercial pIB/V5 vector. Under the control of the OpIE2 promoter, this vector could enhance recombinant protein production. We found that transient expression of c-Myc in High Five cells improved recombinant protein production...
July 28, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Naturforschung. C, A Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595908/association-of-angiotensin-ii-receptor-1-and-lectin-like-oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-1-mediates-the-cardiac-hypertrophy%C3%A2-induced-by-oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein
#11
Yunzi Zhao, Yuqiu Li, Xiaohui Ning, Keping Chen, Shu Zhang
To date the molecular mechanism of cardiac hypertrophy has not been completely elucidated. Since oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) is considered a risk marker for early ventricular remodeling, we speculated that ox-LDL may be related to cardiac hypertrophy. We observed the significantly upregulation of plasma ox-LDL and hypertrophic responses, such as cardiomyocyte size and specific gene expressions in Apo E(-/-) mice fed with high fat diet, accompanied by the upregulation of AT1-R and lectin-like oxidized low-density protein receptor 1 (LOX-1)...
August 12, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471408/theoretical-analysis-of-the-dynamic-properties-of-a-2-2-cement-based-piezoelectric-dual-layer-stacked-sensor-under-impact-load
#12
Taotao Zhang, Yangchao Liao, Keping Zhang, Jun Chen
Cement-based piezoelectric materials are widely used due to the fact that compared with common smart materials, they overcome the defects of structure-incompatibility and frequency inconsistency with a concrete structure. However, the present understanding of the mechanical behavior of cement-based piezoelectric smart materials under impact load is still limited. The dynamic characteristics under impact load are of importance, for example, for studying the anti-collision properties of engineering structures and aircraft takeoff-landing safety...
May 4, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449399/comparative-transcriptomic-analysis-of-bombyx-mori-fat-body-tissue-following-dietary-restriction
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Ye Pan, Peng Lü, Qinyun Wang, Feifei Zhu, Chengjun Li, Yuanqing He, Keping Chen
Dietary restriction (DR) refers to a reduction in food intake to induce undernutrition but not malnutrition, which extends the lifespan of multiple species. Although there are invertebrate aging models, such as the Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila melanogaster, aging studies in Lepidoptera are few in number and the underlying life-extending molecular mechanisms are not clear. Research on a broader range of animals is necessary to support generalizations on mechanisms of aging and rates of aging. The aim of this study was to further investigate genes and pathways associated with DR in Bombyx mori...
May 2017: Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414724/serine-protease-bm-sp142-was-differentially-expressed-in-resistant-and-susceptible-bombyx-mori-strains-involving-in-the-defence-response-to-viral-infection
#14
Guohui Li, Qian Zhou, Lipeng Qiu, Qin Yao, Keping Chen, Qi Tang, Zhaoyang Hu
Bm-SP142 is a 35 kDa protease in the silkworm, but its exact functions remain unknown. In this study, sequence alignment revealed that the His-Asp-Ser catalytic triad is embedded in the TAAHC-DIAL-GDSGGP sequence motif, establishing Bm-SP142 as a serine protease. Soluble recombinant GST-BmSP142 was expressed and purified, and serine protease activity was confirmed in vitro. RT-qPCR results indicated that Bm-SP142 was mainly expressed in the middle part of the silkworm midgut, and Bm-SP142 transcripts were significantly up-regulated at 24 hours post infection (hpi) in BmBDV-resistant strains (798) inoculated with BmBDV and BmNPV-resistant strains (NB) inoculated with BmNPV, but not in BmBDV-susceptible strains (306)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361388/effects-of-ag-nanoparticles-on-growth-and-fat-body-proteins-in-silkworms-bombyx-mori
#15
Xu Meng, Nouara Abdlli, Niannian Wang, Peng Lü, Zhichao Nie, Xin Dong, Shuang Lu, Keping Chen
Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs), a widely used non-antibiotic, antibacterial material, have shown toxic and other potentially harmful effects in mammals. However, the deleterious effects of AgNPs on insects are still unknown. Here, we studied the effects of AgNPs on the model invertebrate organism Bombyx mori. After feeding silkworm larvae different concentrations of AgNPs, we evaluated the changes of B. mori body weights, survival rates, and proteomic differences. The results showed that low concentrations (<400 mg/L) of AgNPs promoted the growth and cocoon weights of B...
December 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344040/m-6-a-demethylase-alkbh5-maintains-tumorigenicity-of-glioblastoma-stem-like-cells-by-sustaining-foxm1-expression-and-cell-proliferation-program
#16
Sicong Zhang, Boxuan Simen Zhao, Aidong Zhou, Kangyu Lin, Shaoping Zheng, Zhike Lu, Yaohui Chen, Erik P Sulman, Keping Xie, Oliver Bögler, Sadhan Majumder, Chuan He, Suyun Huang
The dynamic and reversible N(6)-methyladenosine (m(6)A) RNA modification installed and erased by N(6)-methyltransferases and demethylases regulates gene expression and cell fate. We show that the m(6)A demethylase ALKBH5 is highly expressed in glioblastoma stem-like cells (GSCs). Silencing ALKBH5 suppresses the proliferation of patient-derived GSCs. Integrated transcriptome and m(6)A-seq analyses revealed altered expression of certain ALKBH5 target genes, including the transcription factor FOXM1. ALKBH5 demethylates FOXM1 nascent transcripts, leading to enhanced FOXM1 expression...
April 10, 2017: Cancer Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238049/intraspecific-and-phylogenetic-density-dependent-seedling-recruitment-in-a-subtropical-evergreen-forest
#17
Yanjun Du, Simon A Queenborough, Lei Chen, Yunquan Wang, Xiangcheng Mi, Keping Ma, Liza S Comita
Recent evidence suggests that plant performance can be influenced by the phylogenetic diversity of neighboring plants. However, no study to date has examined the effect of such phylogenetic density dependence on the transition from seed to seedling. Using 6 years of data on seedling recruitment and seed rain of 13 species from 130 stations (one 0.5 m(2) seed trap and three adjacent 1 m(2) seedling plots) in a subtropical evergreen forest, we asked: (1) Does negative density dependence act across seed to seedling stages? (2) Is there evidence for phylogenetic density dependence during the seed to seedling transition? (3) Does the strength of density dependence vary among years? Generalized linear mixed-effects models were used to model seed to seedling transition as a function of conspecific seed and seedling densities, heterospecific seed and seedling densities, and mean phylogenetic distance of heterospecific seeds and seedling...
May 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218857/two-furanharzianones-with-4-7-5-6-5-ring-system-from-microbial-transformation-of-harzianone
#18
Min Zhang, Jimei Liu, Ridao Chen, Jinlian Zhao, Kebo Xie, Dawei Chen, Keping Feng, Jungui Dai
Furanharzianones A and B (2 and 3), two new harziane-type diterpenoids with a tetrahydrofuran and unusual 4/7/5/6/5 ring system, were obtained from the microbial transformation of harzianone (1) by a bacterial strain Bacillus sp. IMM-006. The structures, including the stereochemistry, of the two new compounds were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis. The absolute configuration of 2 was unambiguously determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. In addition, a plausible bioconversion pathway was proposed...
February 20, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117620/association-between-patient-activity-and-long-term-cardiac-death-in-patients-with-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-and-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-defibrillators
#19
Shuang Zhao, Keping Chen, Yangang Su, Wei Hua, Silin Chen, Zhaoguang Liang, Wei Xu, Yan Dai, Zhimin Liu, Xiaohan Fan, Cuihong Hou, Shu Zhang
Background Patient activity (PA) has been demonstrated to predict all-cause mortality. However, the association between PA and cardiac death is unclear. Aims The aims of this study were to determine whether PA can predict cardiac death and what is the cut-off of PA to discriminate cardiac death, as well as the mechanism underlying the relationship between PA and survival in patients with home monitoring. Methods This study retrospectively analysed clinical and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator/cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator device data in 845 patients...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057460/a-characterization-of-structural-proteins-expressed-by-bombyx-mori-bidensovirus
#20
Peng Lü, Yali Xing, Zhaoyang Hu, Yanhua Yang, Ye Pan, Kangmin Chen, Feifei Zhu, Yajing Zhou, Keping Chen, Qin Yao
Bombyx mori bidensiovirus (BmBDV) is a species of Bidensovirus that has been was placed into a new genus within the new family Bidnaviridae by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. BmBDV causes fatal flacherie disease in silkworms, which causes large losses to the sericulture industry. BmBDV contains two sets of complementary linear single-stranded DNAs of approximately 6.5kb (viral DNA 1, VD1) and 6.0kb (viral DNA 2, VD2). VD1 and VD2 are encapsidated in separate icosahedral non-enveloped capsids, which are similar in size and shape...
March 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
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