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Best practice and research in clínical anesthesiology

Navid Alem, Zeev Kain
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Healthcare worldwide is evolving to yield enhanced care provided at a lowered cost. Patient-centric paradigms that hasten surgical recovery and strengthen collaboration amongst medical professionals are gaining impetus. This review will discuss the changing healthcare landscape and outline its implications on anesthesiology practice. RECENT FINDINGS: Anesthesiologists must be nimble and versatile as they adapt to healthcare redesign. An increased responsibility for patient outcomes should be embraced by extending the breadth and depth of clinical practice throughout the surgical care continuum...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Carol M Costello
BACKGROUND: The American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) guidelines for pediatric preoperative fasting have been a standard for well over a decade. However, use of protocols involving an excessive fasting duration exposes patients to the physiological impacts of fluid volume loss. OBJECTIVES: The current project aimed to improve fluid supplementation during presurgical fasting in pediatric patients at an academic medical center. Specific objectives were to increase clinical staff knowledge regarding ASA fasting standards and implement them in specific pediatric patient populations...
October 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Joyce Baard, Guido M Kamphuis, Matias Westendarp, Jean J M C H de la Rosette
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Supine percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) has been described in 1988 and several modifications followed since. Despite claimed benefits, supine PCNL is still neglected by the majority of urologists. Lack of experience and the fear of complications are possible explanations for the resistance to supine positioning. This review evaluates recent literature on the use of supine PCNL, focussing on benefits and safety. RECENT FINDING: The Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society Global Study and several (retrospective) reports comment on efficacy and safety of PCNL, differences in techniques, or identify conditions and patient factors for best practice...
March 2014: Current Opinion in Urology
James J Fehr, Anita Honkanen, David J Murray
Simulation-based training, research and quality initiatives are expanding in pediatric anesthesiology just as in other medical specialties. Various modalities are available, from task trainers to standardized patients, and from computer-based simulations to mannequins. Computer-controlled mannequins can simulate pediatric vital signs with reasonable reliability; however the fidelity of skin temperature and color change, airway reflexes and breath and heart sounds remains rudimentary. Current pediatric mannequins are utilized in simulation centers, throughout hospitals in-situ, at national meetings for continuing medical education and in research into individual and team performance...
October 2012: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Peter M Fleischut, Susan L Faggiani, Adam S Evans, Samantha Brenner, Richard S Liebowitz, Laura Forese, Gregory E Kerr, Eliot J Lazar
BACKGROUND: In 2008 New York-Presbyterian Hospital (NYP)/Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York City, the largest not-for-profit, nonsectarian hospital in the United States, created and implemented a novel approach--the Housestaff Quality Council (HQC)--to engaging house-staff in quality and patient safety activities. METHODS: The HQC represented an innovative collaboration between the housestaff, the Department of Anesthesiology, the Division of Quality and Patient Safety, the Office of Graduate Medical Education, and senior leadership...
July 2012: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
Claire F la Chapelle, Willem A Bemelman, Bart M P Rademaker, Teus A van Barneveld, Frank Willem Jansen
The Dutch Society for Endoscopic Surgery together with the Dutch Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology initiated a multidisciplinary working group to develop a guideline on minimally invasive surgery to formulate multidisciplinary agreements for minimally invasive surgery aiming towards better patient care and safety. The guideline development group consisted of general surgeons, gynecologists, an anesthesiologist, and urologist authorized by their scientific professional association. Two advisors in evidence-based guideline development supported the group...
September 2012: Gynecological Surgery
Karen J Schwenzer
The history of ethics in clinical research parallels the history of abuse of human beings. The Nuremberg Code, Declaration of Helsinki, and the Belmont Report laid the foundations for modern research ethics. In the United States, the OHRP and the FDA provide guidelines for the ethical conduct of research. Investigators should be familiar with regulations concerning informed consent, doing research in vulnerable populations, and protection of privacy.
December 2011: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
F Petrini, M Solca, E De Robertis, V A Peduto, A Pasetto, G Conti, M Antonelli, P Pelosi
Anesthesiology, which includes anaesthesia, perioperative care, intensive care medicine, emergency medicine and pain therapy, is acknowledged as the leading medical specialty in addressing issues of patient safety, but there is still a long way to go. Several factors pose hazards in Anesthesiology, like increasingly older and sicker patients, more complex surgical interventions, more pressure on throughput, as well as new drugs and devices. To better design educational and research strategies to improve patient safety, the European Board of Anesthesiology (EBA) and the European Society of Anesthesiology (ESA) have produced a blueprint for patient safety in Anesthesiology...
November 2010: Minerva Anestesiologica
W Andrew Kofke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Anesthesiologists are flooded with requests that they themselves reveal their associations with industry and other external sources of financial support and also with stories about adverse outcomes related to poorly managed conflict of interest (COI) in research, education, and clinical practice. Guidelines for evaluating COI in these areas are needed and provision of such guidelines is the goal of this review. RECENT FINDINGS: The medical literature and lay press provide ample publications outlining the extent of the COI problem and recent efforts to manage COI with numerous opinions on how to best accomplish COI management...
April 2010: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
M D Bould, N A Crabtree, V N Naik
A key aspect of the practice of anaesthesia is the ability to perform practical procedures efficiently and safely. Decreased working hours during training, an increasing focus on patient safety, and greater accountability have resulted in a paradigm shift in medical education. The resulting international trend towards competency-based training demands robust methods of evaluation of all domains of learning. The assessment of procedural skills in anaesthesia is poor compared with other domains of learning and has fallen behind surgical fields...
October 2009: British Journal of Anaesthesia
V J Kopp
Preanesthesia preparation will continue to stimulate creativity and debate. Strategies for process improvement will take various shapes and require tools previously unfamiliar to many medical managers. At UNC Health System, anesthesiologists currently are committed to the centralized preanesthesia clinic approach used in PreCare. To date, their strategies have been validated by their institutional measures of success: a 0.7% first-case AM work-up rate, a 5% no PreCare visit rate, a 5% consent problem rate, and a 0% rejected specimen rate, with a 43% blood-draw rate for all patients...
September 2000: Anesthesiology Clinics of North America
P Safar
This article is adapted from a presentation given at the 1999 SAEM annual meeting by Dr. Peter Safar. Dr. Safar has been involved in resuscitation research for 44 years, and is a distinguished professor and past initiating chairman of the Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine at the University of Pittsburgh. He is the founder and director of the Safar Center for Resuscitation Research at the University of Pittsburgh, and has been the research mentor of many critical care and emergency medicine research fellows...
January 2000: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
A Schubert, J E Tetzlaff, M Licina, E Mascha, M P Smith
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe the planning, structure, startup, administration, growth, and evaluation of a comprehensive oral practice examination (OPE) program. SETTING: Midwest U.S. anesthesiology residency training program. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Committee planning involved consideration of formal and frequency of administration, timing for best resident and faculty availability, communication, forms design, clerical support, record keeping, and quality monitoring...
September 1999: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
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