keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Exon skipping

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454830/the-discrepancy-function-of-nlrc5-isoforms-in-antiviral-and-antibacterial-immune-responses
#1
Lu Cao, Xiao Man Wu, Yi Wei Hu, Na Na Xue, Pin Nie, Ming Xian Chang
NOD-like receptors (NLRs) are a family of intracellular pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) that play critical roles in innate immunity against pathogens infection. NLRC5, the largest member of NLR family, has been characterized as a regulator of innate immunity and MHC class I expression. Alternative splicing of NLRC5 is only reported in human and zebrafish. However, the function of NLRC5 isoforms in the innate immune responses remains unknown. In the present study, we report the functional characterization of zfNLRC5a and zfNLRC5d, two splicing isoforms of zebrafish NLRC5...
February 15, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420816/a-small-portable-rna-device-for-the-control-of-exon-skipping-in-mammalian-cells
#2
Marc Vogel, Julia E Weigand, Britta Kluge, Manuel Grez, Beatrix Suess
Splicing is an essential and highly regulated process in mammalian cells. We developed a synthetic riboswitch that efficiently controls alternative splicing of a cassette exon in response to the small molecule ligand tetracycline. The riboswitch was designed to control the accessibility of the 3' splice site by placing the latter inside the closing stem of a conformationally controlled tetracycline aptamer. In the presence of tetracycline, the cassette exon is skipped, whereas it is included in the ligand's absence...
February 6, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415469/circsmarca5-inhibits-migration-of-glioblastoma-multiforme-cells-by-regulating-a-molecular-axis-involving-splicing-factors-srsf1-srsf3-ptb
#3
Davide Barbagallo, Angela Caponnetto, Matilde Cirnigliaro, Duilia Brex, Cristina Barbagallo, Floriana D'Angeli, Antonio Morrone, Rosario Caltabiano, Giuseppe Maria Barbagallo, Marco Ragusa, Cinzia Di Pietro, Thomas Birkballe Hansen, Michele Purrello
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have recently emerged as a new class of RNAs, highly enriched in the brain and very stable within cells, exosomes and body fluids. To analyze their involvement in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) pathogenesis, we assayed the expression of twelve circRNAs, physiologically enriched in several regions of the brain, through real-time PCR in a cohort of fifty-six GBM patient biopsies and seven normal brain parenchymas. We focused on hsa_circ_0001445 (circSMARCA5): it was significantly downregulated in GBM biopsies as compared to normal brain tissues (p-value < 0...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410524/transcriptome-wide-survey-of-gene-expression-changes-and-alternative-splicing-in-trichophyton-rubrum-in-response-to-undecanoic-acid
#4
Niege S Mendes, Tamires A Bitencourt, Pablo R Sanches, Rafael Silva-Rocha, Nilce M Martinez-Rossi, Antonio Rossi
While fatty acids are known to be toxic to dermatophytes, key physiological aspects of the Trichophyton rubrum response to undecanoic acid (UDA), a medium chain saturated fatty acid (C11:0), are not well understood. Thus, we analysed RNA-seq data from T. rubrum exposed to sub-lethal doses of UDA for 3 and 12 h. Three putative pathways were primarily involved in UDA detoxification: lipid metabolism and cellular membrane composition, oxidative stress, and pathogenesis. Biochemical assays showed cell membrane impairment, reductions in ergosterol content, and an increase in keratinolytic activity following UDA exposure...
February 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404407/correction-of-diverse-muscular-dystrophy-mutations-in-human-engineered-heart-muscle-by-single-site-genome-editing
#5
Chengzu Long, Hui Li, Malte Tiburcy, Cristina Rodriguez-Caycedo, Viktoriia Kyrychenko, Huanyu Zhou, Yu Zhang, Yi-Li Min, John M Shelton, Pradeep P A Mammen, Norman Y Liaw, Wolfram-Hubertus Zimmermann, Rhonda Bassel-Duby, Jay W Schneider, Eric N Olson
Genome editing with CRISPR/Cas9 is a promising new approach for correcting or mitigating disease-causing mutations. Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is associated with lethal degeneration of cardiac and skeletal muscle caused by more than 3000 different mutations in the X-linked dystrophin gene ( DMD ). Most of these mutations are clustered in "hotspots." There is a fortuitous correspondence between the eukaryotic splice acceptor and splice donor sequences and the protospacer adjacent motif sequences that govern prokaryotic CRISPR/Cas9 target gene recognition and cleavage...
January 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397868/sf3b4-as-an-early-stage-diagnostic-marker-and-driver-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#6
Qingyu Shen, Suk Woo Nam
An accurate diagnostic marker for detecting early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (eHCC) is clinically important, since early detection of HCC remarkably improves patient survival. From the integrative analysis of the transcriptome and clinicopathologic data of human multi-stage HCC tissues, we were able to identify barrier-to-autointegration factor 1 (BANF1), procollagen-lysine, 2-oxoglutarate 5-dioxygenase 3 (PLOD3) and splicing factor 3b subunit 4 (SF3B4) as early HCC biomarkers which could be detected in precancerous lesions of HCC, with superior capabilities to diagnose eHCC compared to the currently popular HCC diagnostic biomarkers: GPC3, GS, and HSP70...
February 5, 2018: BMB Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381967/responses-to-crizotinib-and-disease-monitoring-with-circulating-tumor-cells-in-lung-adenocarcinoma-patient-with-met-exon-14-skipping-mutation-a-case-report
#7
Xiang Tan, Lei Dai, Yongyong Wang, Guanbiao Liang, Nuo Yang, Mingwu Chen
RATIONALE: Mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition (MET) exon 14 skipping mutation was a targetable alteration in nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and the MET inhibitor of crizotinib had the most efficacy among all the targeted drugs. Most of the cancer-related deaths are associated with metastasis. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have been a valuable biomarker in assessing metastasis. Recent experiences suggested that CTCs detection may help improve diagnosis and predict prognosis for patients with NSCLC...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371908/genetic-variants-of-prospectively-demonstrated-phenocopies-in-brca1-2-kindreds
#8
Mev Dominguez-Valentin, D Gareth R Evans, Sigve Nakken, Hélène Tubeuf, Daniel Vodak, Per Olaf Ekstrøm, Anke M Nissen, Monika Morak, Elke Holinski-Feder, Alexandra Martins, Pål Møller, Eivind Hovig
Background: In kindreds carrying path_BRCA1/2 variants, some women in these families will develop cancer despite testing negative for the family's pathogenic variant. These families may have additional genetic variants, which not only may increase the susceptibility of the families' path_BRCA1/2, but also be capable of causing cancer in the absence of the path_BRCA1/2 variants. We aimed to identify novel genetic variants in prospectively detected breast cancer (BC) or gynecological cancer cases tested negative for their families' pathogenic BRCA1/2 variant (path_BRCA1 or path_BRCA2)...
2018: Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361671/mechanisms-and-controversies-in-mutant-cul3-mediated-familial-hyperkalemic-hypertension
#9
Mohammed Zubaerul Ferdaus, James A McCormick
Autosomal dominant mutations in Cullin3 (Cul3) cause the most severe form of Familial Hyperkalemic Hypertension (FHHt). Cul3 mutations cause skipping of exon 9 which results in an internal deletion of 57 amino acids from the CUL3 protein (CUL3-∆9). The precise mechanism by which this altered form of CUL3 causes FHHt is controversial. CUL3 is a member of the Cullin-Ring ubiquitin Ligase (CRL) family which mediates ubiquitination and thus degradation of cellular proteins including With-no-lysine [K] kinases (WNKs)...
January 17, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353404/dna-methylation-rather-than-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-regulates-the-production-of-an-aberrant-splice-variant-of-il6r-in-mastitic-cows
#10
Yan Zhang, Xiuge Wang, Qiang Jiang, Haisheng Hao, Zhihua Ju, Chunhong Yang, Yan Sun, Changfa Wang, Jifeng Zhong, Jinming Huang, Huabin Zhu
Interleukin-6 receptor-alpha (IL6R) interacts with IL6 and forms a ligand-receptor complex, which can stimulate various cellular responses, such as cell proliferation, cell differentiation, and activation of inflammatory processes. Both genetic mutation and epigenetic modification regulate gene transcription. We identified a novel splice variant of bovine IL6R, designated as IL6R-TV, which is characterized by the skipping of exon 2 of the NCBI-referenced IL6R gene (IL6R-reference). The expression levels of IL6R-TV and IL6R-reference transcripts were lower in normal mammary gland tissues...
January 20, 2018: Cell Stress & Chaperones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351004/duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-dmd-an-updated-review-of-common-available-therapies
#11
Arash Salmaninejad, Saeed Farajzadeh Valilou, Hadi Bayat, Nader Ebadi, Abdolreza Daraei, Meysam Yousefi, Abolfazl Nesaei, Majid Mojarrad
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a lethal progressive pediatric muscle disorder and genetically inherited as an X-linked disease that caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene. DMD leads to progressive muscle weakness, degeneration, and wasting; finally, follows with the premature demise in affected individual's due to respiratory and/or cardiac failure typically by age of 30. For decades, scientists tried massively to find an effective therapy method, but there is no absolute cure currently for patients with DMD, nevertheless, recent advanced progressions on the treatment of DMD will be hopeful in the future...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348906/an-ank1-ivs3-2a-c-mutation-causes-exon-4-skipping-in-two-patients-from-a-chinese-family-with-hereditary-spherocytosis
#12
Xiong Wang, Liyan Mao, Na Shen, Jing Peng, Yaowu Zhu, Qun Hu, Yanjun Lu
Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is a congenital hemolytic anemia that affects the cell membrane of red blood cells and is characterized by the presence of spherical-shaped erythrocytes in the peripheral blood film. The clinical manifestation of HS ranges from asymptomatic to severe cases that require transfusion during early childhood. HS is caused by mutations in red blood cell membrane protein encoding genes, including ANK1, EPB42, SLC4A1, SPTA1, and SPTB. Mutations of the ANK1 gene account for 75% of all HS cases, and these particular mutations are typically inherited in an autosomal dominant manner...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348084/molecular-characterization-of-autosomal-recessive-non-syndromic-hearing-loss-in-selected-families-from-district-mardan-pakistan
#13
Shahid Hussain, Jabar Zaman Khattak, Mohammad Ismail, Qaisar Mansoor, Mohammad Haroon Khan
Deafness is the most common sensory disorder, which affects 1/1000 neonates globally. Genetic factors are major contributors for hearing impairment. This study was conducted to explore the linkage of DFNB loci and their mutations with NSHL in selected Pakistani families. We included 10 families with history of deafness from district Mardan, Pakistan. Blood sample (5ml) along with personal and clinical information was collected from the available family members including both diseased and un-affected individuals...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339778/a-novel-human-muscle-cell-model-of-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-created-by-crispr-cas9-and-evaluation-of-antisense-mediated-exon-skipping
#14
Takenori Shimo, Kana Hosoki, Yusuke Nakatsuji, Toshifumi Yokota, Satoshi Obika
Oligonucleotide-mediated splicing modulation is a promising therapeutic approach for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Recently, eteplirsen, a phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligomer-based splice-switching oligonucleotide (SSO) targeting DMD exon 51, was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration as the first antisense-based drug for DMD patients. For further exploring SSOs targeting other exons in the DMD gene, the efficacy of exon skipping and protein rescue with each SSO sequence needs evaluations in vitro...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330474/a-de-novo-foxp1-truncating-mutation-in-a-patient-originally-diagnosed-as-c-syndrome
#15
Roser Urreizti, Sarah Damanti, Carla Esteve, Héctor Franco-Valls, Laura Castilla-Vallmanya, Raul Tonda, Bru Cormand, Lluïsa Vilageliu, John M Opitz, Giovanni Neri, Daniel Grinberg, Susana Balcells
De novo FOXP1 mutations have been associated with intellectual disability (ID), motor delay, autistic features and a wide spectrum of speech difficulties. C syndrome (Opitz C trigonocephaly syndrome) is a rare and genetically heterogeneous condition, characterized by trigonocephaly, craniofacial anomalies and ID. Several different chromosome deletions and and point mutations in distinct genes have been associated with the disease in patients originally diagnosed as Opitz C. By whole exome sequencing we identified a de novo splicing mutation in FOXP1 in a patient, initially diagnosed as C syndrome, who suffers from syndromic intellectual disability with trigonocephaly...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329284/identification-of-an-elaborate-nk-specific-system-regulating-hla-c-expression
#16
Hongchuan Li, Martin A Ivarsson, Victoria E Walker-Sperling, Jeff Subleski, Jenna K Johnson, Paul W Wright, Mary Carrington, Niklas K Björkström, Daniel W McVicar, Stephen K Anderson
The HLA-C gene appears to have evolved in higher primates to serve as a dominant source of ligands for the KIR2D family of inhibitory MHC class I receptors. The expression of NK cell-intrinsic MHC class I has been shown to regulate the murine Ly49 family of MHC class I receptors due to the interaction of these receptors with NK cell MHC in cis. However, cis interactions have not been demonstrated for the human KIR and HLA proteins. We report the discovery of an elaborate NK cell-specific system regulating HLA-C expression, indicating an important role for HLA-C in the development and function of NK cells...
January 12, 2018: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322437/deep-computational-circular-rna-analytics-from-rna-seq-data
#17
Tobias Jakobi, Christoph Dieterich
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been first described as "scrambled exons" in the 1990s. CircRNAs originate from back splicing or exon skipping of linear RNA templates and have continuously gained attention in recent years due to the availability of high-throughput whole-transcriptome sequencing methods. Numerous manuscripts describe thousands of circRNAs throughout uni- and multicellular eukaryote species and demonstrated that they are conserved, stable, and abundant in specific tissues or conditions. This manuscript provides a walk-through of our bioinformatics toolbox, which covers all aspects of in silico circRNA analysis, starting from raw sequencing data and back-splicing junction discovery to circRNA quantitation and reconstruction of internal the circRNA structure...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320582/thyroid-transcriptome-analysis-reveals-different-adaptive-responses-to-cold-environmental-conditions-between-two-chicken-breeds
#18
Shanshan Xie, Xukai Yang, Dehe Wang, Feng Zhu, Ning Yang, Zhuocheng Hou, Zhonghua Ning
Selection for cold tolerance in chickens is important for improving production performance and animal welfare. The identification of chicken breeds with higher cold tolerance and production performance will help to target candidates for the selection. The thyroid gland plays important roles in thermal adaptation, and its function is influenced by breed differences and transcriptional plasticity, both of which remain largely unknown in the chicken thyroid transcriptome. In this study, we subjected Bashang Long-tail (BS) and Rhode Island Red (RIR) chickens to either cold or warm environments for 21 weeks and investigated egg production performance, body weight changes, serum thyroid hormone concentrations, and thyroid gland transcriptome profiles...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318463/a-novel-splice-site-mutation-of-the-prkar1a-gene-c-440-5-g-c-in-a-chinese-family-with-carney-complex
#19
J Fu, F Lai, Y Chen, X Wan, G Wei, Y Li, H Xiao, X Cao
BACKGROUND: Carney complex (CNC) is an extremely rare, multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome that occurs in an autosomal dominant manner. Mutations in PRKAR1A have been reported to be a common genetic cause of CNC. METHODS: In this study, we reported a Chinese pedigree of CNC that manifests mainly as spotty skin pigmentation and primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease. Whole blood samples of this pedigree were collected for DNA/RNA analysis. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction analyses were performed to amplify the 11 exons and adjacent introns of PRKAR1A...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316097/splicing-analysis-of-rare-novel-synonymous-or-intronic-variants-identified-in-abcb11-heterozygotes-presenting-as-progressive-intrahepatic-cholestasis-with-low-%C3%AE-glutamyltransferase
#20
Neng-Li Wang, Yi-Ling Qiu, Wen-Cai Guan, Gang Li, Yi Lu, Mei-Hong Zhang, Wei-Sha Luan, Jian-She Wang
AIM: To analyze the pathogenicity of rare/novel synonymous or intronic variants identified in ABCB11 heterozygotes presenting as progressive intrahepatic cholestasis with low γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT). METHODS: The enrolled variants were identified in ABCB11 between October 2009 and June 2016. The effects on pre-RNA splicing were analyzed by in silico tools and minigene splicing assay. RESULTS: There were 3 intronic (c.908+5G>A, c.2815-8A>G, and c...
January 9, 2018: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
keyword
keyword
54808
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"