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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431863/the-myometrial-contractility-during-late-pregnancy-in-dairy-cows-in-vitro
#1
L Górriz-Martín, S E Ulbrich, M Schmicke, G Hirsbrunner, C Keller, N Yücesoy, C Pfarrer, H Bollwein, M Heppelmann
This study aimed to investigate the in vitro contractility of the myometrium and its relationship to the blood concentrations of estradiol-17β (E2β), progesterone (P4), 15-keto-13,14-dihydro-PGF2α (PGFM) and ionised calcium (Ca(2+)) prior to tissue harvest in 12 healthy Holstein-Friesian cows in late pregnancy. Three circular (CM) and 3 longitudinal myometrial (LM) strips were dissected during a caesarean section and mounted in an organ bath containing modified Krebs solution (KS). The spontaneous contractility was recorded during five 30-min time periods (T1 to T5), after which the strips were exposed to increasing concentrations of oxytocin (OT; 10(-10)-10(-7)M), a natural PGF2α-analogue (PGF; 10(-7)-10(-4)M) and KS (Cont) for four 30-min time periods (T6 to T9)...
April 7, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426160/assessment-and-support-during-early-labour-for-improving-birth-outcomes
#2
REVIEW
Shinobu Kobayashi, Nobutsugu Hanada, Masayo Matsuzaki, Kenji Takehara, Erika Ota, Hatoko Sasaki, Chie Nagata, Rintaro Mori
BACKGROUND: The progress of labour in the early or latent phase is usually slow and may include painful uterine contractions. Women may feel distressed and lose their confidence during this phase. Support and assessment interventions have been assessed in two previous Cochrane Reviews. This review updates and replaces these two reviews, which have become out of date. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of assessment and support interventions for women during early labour...
April 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422884/posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-a-postpartum-hemorrhagic-woman-without-hypertension-a-case-report
#3
Chon-Fu Lio, Ying-Hua Lee, Hung-Yen Chan, Chang-Ching Yu, Nan-Jing Peng, Hung-Pin Chan
RATIONALE: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), which diagnosis is based on clinical symptoms and radiological features, is a neurotoxic disease characterized by a set of clinical manifestations, such as seizure, headache, visual, and/or consciousness disturbance. It is the first case of PRES followed by postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) without underlying disease. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 37-year-old healthy woman had PPH after caesarean section. Six days after delivery, headache occurred suddenly, followed by episodes of clonus seizure...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421604/comparison-of-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-based-on-the-new-iadpsg-2010-gestational-diabetes-criteria-and-maternal-body-mass-index
#4
Shan Jiang, David Chipps, Wah N Cheung, Max Mongelli
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic criteria for gestational diabetes (GDM) have been controversial following the International Association for Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) 2010 recommendations to lower the diagnostic fasting blood sugar level threshold. AIM: To assess the pregnancy-related outcomes of women according to the different diagnostic criteria for GDM adjusting for body mass index categories. METHOD: A retrospective observational cohort study was conducted on 4081 pregnant women with positive 50 g glucose challenge test but without pre-gestational diabetes...
April 19, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420498/intraoperative-aortic-balloon-occlusion-in-patients-with-placenta-previa-and-or-placenta-accreta-a-retrospective-study
#5
Fangyuan Luo, Lan Xie, Ping Xie, Siwei Liu, Yue Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To introduce the primary experience of using aortic balloon catheters during cesarean section for placenta previa and/or placenta accreta. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2013 to May 2015, 43 patients who were preoperatively diagnosed with major placenta previa and/or placenta accreta and who underwent prophylactic aortic catheterization before caesarean section (CS) were included in the study. We analyzed the clinical data of the study population...
April 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419979/clinical-profile-of-persistent-genito-pelvic-postpartum-pain
#6
Jaclyn Cappell, Caroline F Pukall
OBJECTIVE*: the primary aim was to describe the pain characteristics of persistent genito-pelvic postpartum pain (PPP) and compare these characteristics by mode of delivery. The secondary aim was to incorporate psychosocial variables into the conceptualization of PPP by exploring the relationship among postpartum depressive symptoms, fatigue, and PPP. DESIGN: cross-sectional study design. SETTING: online survey. PARTICIPANTS: 106 women recruited from the community who gave birth within twelve months prior to completing the survey...
April 8, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417027/decision-to-delivery-time-intervals-in-emergency-caesarean-section-cases-repeated-cross-sectional-study-from-oman
#7
Kaukab Tashfeen, Malini Patel, Ilham M Hamdi, Ibrahim H A Al-Busaidi, Mansour N Al-Yarubi
OBJECTIVES: In cases of fetal intolerance to labour, meeting the standard decision-to-delivery time interval (DDI) of ≤30 minutes is challenging. This study aimed to assess DDIs in emergency Caesarean section (CS) cases to identify factors causing DDI delays and the impact of a delayed DDI on perinatal outcomes. METHODS: This repeated cross-sectional study included all emergency CS procedures performed due to acute fetal distress, antepartum haemorrhage or umbilical cord prolapse at the Nizwa Hospital, Nizwa, Oman...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416051/-mirror-syndrome-is-a-rare-complication-in-pregnancy-characterized-by-oedema-and-hydrops-fetalis
#8
Signe Eiland, Eleonora Cvetanovska, Anne Høyrup Bjerre, Henrik Nyholm, Karin Sundberg, Lone Nikoline Nørgaard
We describe a case of mirror syndrome. A 41-year-old woman, para 4, was referred to hospital at 32 weeks of gestational age with excessive oedema. She developed oliguria, mild hypertension and proteinuria. Fetal ultrasound confirmed severe hydrops fetalis. Intrauterine pleural drainage was performed without improvement of the condition. Since maternal symptoms worsened, a caesarean section was performed at 34 weeks with delivery of a live hydropic girl who died after 17 hours. Maternal symptoms decreased four days after delivery with full recovery two weeks post-partum...
April 10, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415967/chewing-gum-for-intestinal-function-recovery-after-caesarean-section-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Zunjia Wen, Meifen Shen, Chao Wu, Jianping Ding, Binbin Mei
BACKGROUND: Gum chewing has been reported to enhance the intestinal function recovery after caesarean section, current perspectives and practice guidelines vary widely on the use of gum chewing, more studies on the role of gum chewing after caesarean section are needed. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive, systematic meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the efficacy of gum chewing after caesarean section. Studies were identified by searching EMBASE et al database (until June 30, 2016)...
April 18, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415966/birth-by-caesarean-section-and-school-performance-in-swedish-adolescents-a-population-based-study
#10
Eileen A Curran, Louise C Kenny, Christina Dalman, Patricia M Kearney, John F Cryan, Timothy G Dinan, Ali S Khashan
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to assess the impact of obstetric mode of delivery, and in particular birth by Caesarean section (CS), on school performance in adolescents using a large, population-based cohort. METHODS: We extracted data from the Swedish Medical Birth Register and National School Register. We included all live singleton births in Sweden from 1982-1995 (n = 1,489,925). School grades were reported on a scale from 0 to 320, scores less than 160 (i...
April 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414983/a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-comparing-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-between-hands-and-knees-delivery-position-and-supine-position-in-china
#11
Hongyu Zhang, Shurong Huang, Xiaolan Guo, Ningning Zhao, Yujing Lu, Min Chen, Yingxia Li, Junqin Wu, Lihua Huang, Fenglan Ma, Yuhong Yang, Xiaoli Zhang, Xiaoyu Zhou, Renfei Guo, Wenzhi Cai
BACKGROUND: the supine position is the most frequently offered for birth delivery in China and many other countries, but the hands-and-knees position is now gaining prominence with doctors in China. This study aims to examine the differences in maternal and neonatal outcomes among low-risk women who gave birth either in the hands-and-knees position or the supine position. METHODS: a randomised controlled trial was conducted in 11 hospitals in China from May to December in 2012...
March 31, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413832/statistical-analysis-plan-for-the-woman-etaplat-study-effect-of-tranexamic-acid-on-platelet-function-and-thrombin-generation
#12
Kastriot Dallaku, Haleema Shakur, Phil Edwards, Danielle Beaumont, Ian Roberts, Sumaya Huque, Maria Delius, Ulrich Mansmann
Background. Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is a potentially life-threatening complication for women, and the leading cause of maternal mortality. Tranexamic acid (TXA) is an antifibrinolytic used worldwide to treat uterine haemorrhage and to reduce blood loss in general surgery. TXA may have effects on thrombin generation, platelet function and coagulation factors as a result of its inhibition on the plasmin. Methods. WOMAN ETAPlaT is a sub-study of the World Maternal Antifibrinolitic trial (WOMAN trial). All adult women clinically diagnosed with PPH after a vaginal delivery or caesarean section, are eligible for inclusion in the study...
December 15, 2016: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413035/vasa-previa-a-cautious-approach-at-caesarean-section
#13
Amanda Gomes, Juliana Rezende, Maria de Fátima Vogt, Alberto Zaconeta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407851/time-dependent-changes-and-prognostic-value-of-lactatemia-during-the-first-24%C3%A2-h-of-life-in-brachycephalic-newborn-dogs
#14
C Castagnetti, M Cunto, C Bini, J Mariella, S Capolongo, D Zambelli
Blood lactate concentration is known to be a good prognostic indicator associated with the severity of illness and the patient's outcome both in human and veterinary medicine. It also plays a significant role in the assessment of the newborn, being a good indicator of fetal hypoxia and the ideal predictor of morbidity at term in babies. In veterinary neonatal medicine, hyperlactatemia is considered a valid prognostic marker in critically ill foals; moreover, blood lactate measurement has been proposed for the evaluation of newborn viability and the assessment of fetal distress during delivery in dogs...
May 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407838/-effects-of-maternal-folate-deficiency-on-the-methylation-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-system-in-the-offspring-rats
#15
Meng-Meng Wu, Fan Yang, Yi Qu, De-Zhi Mu
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of maternal folate deficiency on fetal growth and development and the methylation profiles of insulin-like growth factor system in the offspring rats. METHODS: Twenty-two Sprague-Dawley female rats were randomly assigned to two groups: a folate deficient group (n=12) and a control group (n=10). They were fed with folate deficient and normal diet respectively. Dams were mated after 2 weeks of feeding. Eight female rats from each group were pregnant...
April 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407220/patient-controlled-analgesia-with-remifentanil-versus-alternative-parenteral-methods-for-pain-management-in-labour
#16
REVIEW
Stephanie Weibel, Yvonne Jelting, Arash Afshari, Nathan Leon Pace, Leopold Hj Eberhart, Johanna Jokinen, Thorsten Artmann, Peter Kranke
BACKGROUND: Multiple analgesic strategies for pain relief during labour are available. Recently remifentanil, a short-acting opioid, has recently been used as an alternative analgesic due to its unique pharmacological properties. OBJECTIVES: To systematically assess the effectiveness of remifentanil intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) for labour pain, along with any potential harms to the mother and the newborn. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (9 December 2015), ClinicalTrials...
April 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407219/multiple-micronutrient-supplementation-for-women-during-pregnancy
#17
REVIEW
Batool A Haider, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Multiple-micronutrient (MMN) deficiencies often coexist among women of reproductive age in low- to middle-income countries. They are exacerbated in pregnancy due to the increased demands, leading to potentially adverse effects on the mother and developing fetus. Though supplementation with MMNs has been recommended earlier because of the evidence of impact on pregnancy outcomes, a consensus is yet to be reached regarding the replacement of iron and folic acid supplementation with MMNs...
April 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405994/vertical-transmission-of-chikungunya-manifesting-as-foetal-pericardial-effusion
#18
Aruna Nigam, Sumedha Sharma, Abhinav Jain, Anuj Gupta, Anupam Prakash
Chikungunya fever is believed to be a self-limiting illness, which can result in significant disability, but with a very low mortality. Chikungunya is uncommonly believed to be associated with serious manifestations. The present case is of a pregnant lady who had transient fever for two days in the third trimester, following which she developed foetal pericardial effusion and intrauterine growth restriction. After two weeks of the fever, in view of non-reactive non-stress test, breech and foetal pericardial effusion, patient was taken up for caesarean section...
December 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405123/maternal-near-miss-a-perimortem-caesarean-section-resulting-in-a-remarkable-foetomaternal-recovery-in-a-rural-tertiary-care-centre-in-eastern-india
#19
Dasgupta Anirban, Ramotra Rohini, Santra Debjyoti, Dasgupta Subhendu, Pushpam Preeti, Mandal Sibapada, Murmu Shankar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405116/oral-misoprostol-solution-for-induction-of-labour
#20
Varsha L Deshmukh, Apurva V Rajamanya, K A Yelikar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of oral misoprostol solution for induction of labour. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective observational study. SETTING: This study was conducted in Government Medical College, Aurangabad. METHOD: Patients undergoing induction of labour after 36 weeks of pregnancy were allocated by randomization to induction of labour with oral misoprostol solution administered 2 h apart. Delivery within 24 h after induction with oral misoprostol solution was the primary outcome on which the sample size was based...
April 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
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