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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149123/precision-medicine-accelerating-the-science-to-revolutionize-cancer-care%C3%A2
#1
Jeannine M Brant, Deborah K Mayer
BACKGROUND: Precision medicine in cancer care uses specific information about a person's tumor to help diagnose, plan treatment, prognosticate, and surveil throughout the cancer trajectory. Applications exist for cancer prevention, early detection, cancer treatment, and supportive care. Several national initiatives (e.g., National Cancer Moonshot Initiative) support these efforts to accelerate this science forward.
. OBJECTIVES: This article presents an overview of the way in which precision medicine is revolutionizing cancer care...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145187/diogenes-syndrome
#2
Frédéric Assal
Diogenes syndrome (DS) is not a specific disease but a real neurobehavioral syndrome, characterized by severe domestic squalor, pathological hoarding, lack of insight into the condition, and no need for help. DS can be secondary when associated to psychosis or bipolar disorder, or primary when it occurs as a single entity, usually in the elderly. DS is a clinically complex transnosographic syndrome for which multidimensional approaches need to be considered: medical, psychiatric, neurological, social, scientific, and ethical...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132353/the-effectiveness-of-community-based-coordinating-interventions-in-dementia-care-a-meta-analysis-and-subgroup-analysis-of-intervention-components
#3
Amy Backhouse, Obioha C Ukoumunne, David A Richards, Rose McCabe, Ross Watkins, Chris Dickens
BACKGROUND: Interventions aiming to coordinate services for the community-based dementia population vary in components, organisation and implementation. In this review we aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of community-based care coordinating interventions on health outcomes and investigate whether specific components of interventions influence their effects. METHODS: We searched four databases from inception to April 2017: Medline, The Cochrane Library, EMBASE and PsycINFO...
November 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130705/disability-and-its-influence-in-nutritional-assessment-tools-in-elderly-people-living-in-nursing-homes
#4
Beatriz Lardiés-Sánchez, Alejandro Sanz-París, Javier Pérez-Nogueras, Antonio Serrano-Oliver, María Elena Torres-Anoro, María Dolores Ballesteros-Pomar
INTRODUCTION: Poor nutritional status is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, especially in older people. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess nutritional status in elderly nursing home residents with different nutritional test, and to determine which parameters used for nutritional assessment can be carried out in this population, which usually have a high prevalence of functionally dependent residents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in 383 elderly...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126602/the-potential-of-blended-learning-in-education-and-training-for-advanced-civilian-and-military-trauma-care
#5
Linda Sonesson, Kenneth Boffard, Lars Lundberg, Martin Rydmark, Klas Karlgren
INTRODUCTION: In the field of advanced care of the complex trauma patient, there is an emerging need for focused education and training. However, several hospitals do not support further education and training in this field, and the challenge of releasing time for physicians and nurses is well-known. Educational strategies using blended learning, which combines traditional classroom methods with modern computer-assisted methods and media, have not yet been widely used. This study analysed the educational challenges and areas for improvement, according to senior physicians and nurses, and investigated the potential use of blended learning...
November 6, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124528/systematic-review-of-economic-burden-of-heart-failure
#6
REVIEW
Asrul Akmal Shafie, Yui Ping Tan, Chin Hui Ng
The aim of this study is to perform a systematic review of the costing methodological approaches adopted by published cost-of-illness (COI) studies. A systematic review was performed to identify cost-of-illness studies of heart failure published between January 2003 and September 2015 via computerized databases such as Pubmed, Wiley Online, Science Direct, Web of Science, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL). Costs reported in the original studies were converted to 2014 international dollars (Int$)...
November 10, 2017: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122043/physical-activity-promotion-by-health-practitioners-a-distance-learning-training-component-to-improve-knowledge-and-counseling
#7
Alex A Florindo, Douglas R Andrade, Paulo H Guerra, Jorge Mota, Diane Crone, Ana C C N Mafra, Mario M Bracco
Aim To report an evaluation of health professionals' participation in a distance-learning physical activity training course developed in a low socio-economic region of São Paulo city, Brazil. BACKGROUND: In countries with public universal health systems, physical activity promotion in primary health care settings can reap results, particularly given that such interventions have the potential to reach a large percentage of the population. However, few studies proposed physical activity training for health professionals in low- and middle-income countries...
November 10, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119866/exploring-service-users-carers-and-professionals-perspectives-and-experiences-of-current-antipsychotic-prescribing-a-qualitative-study
#8
Kamelia Harris, Helen Brooks, Garry Lythgoe, Penny Bee, Karina Lovell, Richard J Drake
Objectives Shared decision-making is the pinnacle of patient-centred care; mental health stakeholders value shared decision-making but find it difficult to enact. The objective was to compare and synthesise mental health stakeholder views on antipsychotic prescribing in one NHS Trust, to understand potential reasons for the difficult enactment of shared decision-making in practice. Methods We conducted 12 interviews and 5 focus groups with 33 mental health stakeholders, after obtaining their informed consent...
December 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114893/functional-mastery-of-health-ownership-a-model-for-optimum-health
#9
Maria Donnelley
The aim of this paper is to introduce the Functional Mastery of Health Ownership (FMHO) model and to develop an operational definition of functional mastery as it applies to a positive health outcome for patients with chronic illness or an altered life situation. Daily functioning within the negative disease burden of chronic illness is the goal of individuals living within the constraints of morbidity. Functional mastery fosters health ownership and helps to predict successful control over life circumstances for optimum wellness within the parameters of the limitations of the effects of illness...
November 8, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112897/integrity-in-nursing-students-a-concept-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Christine A Devine, Elizabeth Danells Chin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to clarify the concept of nursing student integrity. Unlike published reviews that highlight the absence of integrity, the author sought to identify the positive defining characteristics of integrity. DESIGN: Concept analysis. DATA SOURCES: A literature review was conducted using the Cumulative Index for Nursing and Allied Health, Social Science Index, Psyc Info and Medline. Inclusion criteria included peer reviewed articles, written in English, with no limitation on publication date...
October 31, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110907/what-is-the-impact-of-professional-nursing-on-patients-outcomes-globally-an-overview-of-research-evidence
#11
REVIEW
Samantha Coster, Mary Watkins, Ian J Norman
BACKGROUND: Nursing is an integral part of all healthcare services, and has the potential of having a wide and enduring impact on health outcomes for a global ageing population. Over time nurses have developed new roles and assumed greater responsibilities. It is increasingly important to demonstrate the safety and overall impact of nurses' practice through research, to support the case for greater investment and development of nursing services around the world. OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of existing research evidence on the impact of nursing on patient outcomes, identify gaps in evidence, and point to future priorities for global research...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107530/spiritual-care-communication-in-cancer-patients
#12
REVIEW
Lee Ellington, Jacob Billitteri, Maija Reblin, Margaret F Clayton
OBJECTIVES: To provide a definition of spirituality, define the scope and nature of spiritual care communication, describe how to initiate communication about, and elicit, a spiritual history, and introduce the AMEN protocol to support patient/family hopes for a miracle. DATA SOURCES: Literature review. CONCLUSION: Spiritual communication is important throughout cancer care. Nurses can assess and integrate patient and family caregivers' spiritual needs in clinical care by practicing self-awareness and engaging in spiritual care communication strategies...
October 26, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107259/temporary-perioperative-tobacco-cessation-a-literature-review
#13
Carol A Devlin, Suzanne C Smeltzer
Perioperative tobacco cessation decreases rates of surgical complications associated with the use of tobacco. The link between patient outcomes and reimbursement to health care providers and systems is another important motivating factor supporting temporary pre- and postoperative tobacco cessation to improve surgical patient outcomes. The optimal time frame for tobacco cessation to improve surgical outcomes has not been definitively established. We examined the literature from June 1989 to July 2017 regarding various tobacco cessation time frames for perioperative patients, searching MEDLINE, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL), the Cochrane Collaboration, and various online-only journals accessed through Google Scholar...
November 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106587/tracking-and-responding-to-an-outbreak-of-tuberculosis-using-miru-vntr-genotyping-and-whole-genome-sequencing-as-epidemiological-tools
#14
Anne T Black, Esther L Hamblion, Helen Buttivant, Sarah R Anderson, Madeline Stone, Nicola Casali, Francis Drobniewski, Francisca Nwoguh, Ben G Marshall, Linda Booth
Background: We describe an outbreak that contributed to a near doubling of the incidence of tuberculosis in Southampton, UK. We examine the importance of 24 locus mycobacterial interspersed repetitive unit variable number tandem repeat (MIRU-VNTR) genotyping in its identification and management and the role of whole genome sequencing (WGS) in tracing the spread of the strain. Methods: Outbreak cases were defined as those diagnosed between January and December 2011 with indistinguishable 24 locus-MIRU-VNTR genotypes or, cases linked epidemiologically...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105375/role-of-nursing-competencies-for-accelerating-clinical-trials-in-stem-cell-clinics
#15
EDITORIAL
Mary Perrin, Teresa Kim, Rodica Stan, Pamela Giesie, Jason Tabor, Virginia Le Verche, Shirley Johnson, Geoffrey P Lomax, John A Zaia
The California Institute for Regenerative Medicine has formed a group of clinics called the Alpha Stem Cell Clinics Network. Its goal is to accelerate clinical trials of stem cell-based therapies for diseases with unmet medical needs. In this report, we describe our experience in establishing an Alpha Stem Cell Clinic at City of Hope. Implementation and integration of the clinic into the existing institutional structures required collaboration and cooperation with clinical trial units, nursing administration, and creation of new positions...
November 3, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105355/a-concept-analysis-of-traditional-korean-hanbang-nursing
#16
Youngmi Kang, Won Ju Hwang, JiSun Choi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this concept analysis was to clarify the meaning and the attributes of traditional Korean (Hanbang) nursing. DATA SOURCE: Data sources include Academic Search Complete, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, EBSCOhost, PubMed, MEDLINE, and Research Information Sharing Service. DATA SYNTHESIS: We used Walker and Avant's method to analyze the concept of Hanbang nursing. CONCLUSIONS: By exploring its common use in the literature, a comprehensive definition of the concept of Hanbang nursing was developed...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105049/perceptions-of-use-of-a-case-based-integrated-national-electronic-public-health-surveillance-system-in-jordan
#17
Rania Khorma, Fatima A Hammad, Samar Samouh, Refqi I Mahmoud, Meyassar Zindah, Sami A Sheikhali, Ayoub Assayideh, Bashir Al Qaseer, Gunnar Rø, John Haskew
Collection of real-time, standardized data remains a challenge for public health surveillance systems. The use of mobile information technology may facilitate this. A national case-based public health surveillance system was introduced in Jordan in 2015 using mobile tablets and an online framework. After training on the system, users were surveyed about their perceptions of it. Of 596 participants attending the training, 580 (97.3%) completed the survey. The majority of users were nurses (58.5%). Overall perceptions of the system were highly positive across 5 areas of functionality (standardized case definitions, clinical guidance on signs and symptoms, risk factors and laboratory guidance, SMS and Email alerts for notifiable diseases, one-hour reporting of information via an online framework)...
October 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102854/a-qualitative-descriptive-exploration-of-the-educational-and-career-plans-of-early-career-neonatal-nurses-and-midwives-an-irish-perspective
#18
Linda Martina Coughlan, Declan Patton
The scarcity of appropriately qualified nurses and midwives is a major obstacle in achieving an effective health system. Neonatal nurses and midwives require a high level of skill and education to fulfil their role. It is also an area that sees high staff turnover rates. For this study a descriptive qualitative approach was used to ascertain early career neonatal nurses' and midwives' experiences of further education, their future career plans, and their perceived facilitators and barriers to further education and career progression...
October 23, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101563/the-use-of-high-definition-colonoscopy-versus-standard-definition-does-it-affect-polyp-detection-rate
#19
John Richardson, Anthony Thaventhiran, Hugh Mackenzie, Benjamin Stubbs
BACKGROUND: Polyp detection rate (PDR) during lower gastrointestinal endoscopy (LGIE) is of clinical importance. Detecting adenomatous polyps early in the adenoma-carcinoma sequence can halt disease progression, enabling treatment at a favourable stage. High definition colonoscopy (HDC) has been used in our hospital alongside standard definition equipment since 2011. We aim to determine what affect the use of HDC has on PDR. METHODS: Post-hoc analysis of a prospectively maintained database on all patients undergoing LGIE was performed (01/01/2012-31/12/2015), n = 15,448...
November 3, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098981/what-is-the-definition-of-sports-related-concussion-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Paul McCrory, Nina Feddermann-Demont, Jiří Dvořák, J David Cassidy, Andrew McIntosh, Pieter E Vos, Ruben J Echemendia, Willem Meeuwisse, Alexander A Tarnutzer
OBJECTIVES: Various definitions for concussion have been proposed, each having its strengths and weaknesses. We reviewed and compared current definitions and identified criteria necessary for an operational definition of sports-related concussion (SRC) in preparation of the 5th Concussion Consensus Conference (Berlin, Germany). We also assessed the role of biomechanical studies in informing an operational definition of SRC. DESIGN: This is a systematic literature review...
June 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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