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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346770/a-core-outcome-set-for-localised-prostate-cancer-effectiveness-trials
#1
Steven MacLennan, Paula R Williamson, Hanneke Bekema, Marion Campbell, Craig Ramsay, James N'Dow, Sara MacLennan, Luke Vale, Philipp Dahm, Nicolas Mottet, Thomas Lam, Paul Abel, Hashim U Ahmed, Gary Akehurst, Robert Almquist, Karl Beck, David Budd, Steven Canfield, James Catto, Philip Cornford, William Cross, Alexander Ewen, Judith Grant, Rakesh Heer, David Hurst, Rob Jones, Roger Kockelbergh, Andrew Mackie, Graham MacDonald, Alan McNeill, Malcolm Mason, Sam McClinton, Duncan McLaren, Hugh Mostafid, Ian Pearce, Linda Pennet, Justine Royle, Hans Schreuder, Grant D Stewart, Henk van der Poel, Kevin Wardlaw, Thomas Wiegel
OBJECTIVE: To develop a core outcome set (COS) applicable for effectiveness trials of all interventions for localised prostate cancer. BACKGROUND: Many treatments exist for localised prostate cancer, although it is unclear which offers the optimal therapeutic ratio. This is confounded by inconsistencies in the selection, definition, measurement and reporting of outcomes in clinical trials. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A list of 79 outcomes was derived from a systematic review of published localised prostate cancer effectiveness studies and semi-structured interviews with 15 prostate cancer patients...
March 27, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342656/nurses-are-as-specific-and-are-earlier-in-calling-in-hospital-stroke-alerts-compared-to-physicians
#2
Pravin George, Dolora R Wisco, James Gebel, Ken Uchino, Christopher R Newey
INTRODUCTION: In-hospital stroke alerts are typically activated by nurses or physicians when a patient's neurological status acutely changes from baseline. It is unclear if knowledge of stroke symptoms translates to accurate activation of the acute stroke team. We hypothesized that nurses who activate the stroke alert system would correctly identify as great a proportion of acute strokes as physicians. We also investigated the time to activation of these in-hospital stroke alerts. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive inpatient stroke team calls over a 12-month period at a single, tertiary care center...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340130/falling-down-on-the-job-evaluation-and-treatment-of-fall-risk-among-older-adults-with-upper-extremity-fragility-fractures
#3
Christine M McDonough, Carrie H Colla, Donald Carmichael, Anna N A Tosteson, Tor D Tosteson, John-Erik Bell, Robert V Cantu, Jonathan D Lurie, Julie P W Bynum
Background: Clinical practice guidelines recommend fall risk assessment and intervention for older adults who sustain a fall-related injury to prevent future injury and mobility decline. Objective: To describe how often Medicare beneficiaries with upper extremity fracture receive evaluation and treatment for fall risk. Design: Observational cohort. Methods Subjects: Fee-for-service beneficiaries age 66 to 99 treated as outpatients for proximal humerus or distal radius/ulna ("wrist") fragility fractures were studied using Carrier and Outpatient Hospital files...
March 2, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339684/embedding-nursing-interventions-into-the-world-health-organization-s-international-classification-of-health-interventions-ichi
#4
Nicola Fortune, Nicholas R Hardiker, Gillian Strudwick
Objective: : The International Classification of Health Interventions, currently being developed, seeks to span all sectors of the health system. Our objective was to test the draft classification's coverage of interventions commonly delivered by nurses, and propose changes to improve the utility and reliability of the classification for aggregating and analyzing data on nursing interventions. Materials and methods: : A 2-phase content mapping method was used: (1) three coders independently applied the classification to a dataset comprising 100 high-frequency nursing interventions; (2) the coders reached consensus for each intervention and identified reasons for initial discrepancies...
February 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329417/nursing-judgement-and-decision-making-using-the-sedation-withdrawal-score-sws-in-children
#5
Jennie Craske, Bernie Carter, Ian H Jarman, Lyvonne N Tume
AIMS: The aim of the study was to evaluate registered children's nurses' approaches to the assessment and management of withdrawal syndrome in children. BACKGROUND: Assessment of withdrawal syndrome is undertaken following critical illness when the child's condition may be unstable with competing differential diagnoses. Assessment tools aim to standardise and improve recognition of withdrawal syndrome. Making the right decisions in complex clinical situations requires a degree of mental effort and it is not known how nurses make decisions when undertaking withdrawal assessments...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316553/community-hospitals-in-selected-high-income-countries-a-scoping-review-of-approaches-and-models
#6
Eleanor M Winpenny, Jennie Corbett, Celine Miani, Sarah King, Emma Pitchforth, Tom Ling, Edwin van Teijlingen, Ellen Nolte
BACKGROUND: There is no single definition of a community hospital in the UK, despite its long history. We sought to understand the nature and scope of service provision in community hospitals, within the UK and other high-income countries. METHODS: We undertook a scoping review of literature on community hospitals published from 2005 to 2014. Data were extracted on features of the hospital model and the services provided, with results presented as a narrative synthesis...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300046/final-year-nursing-students-in-nigeria-how-knowledgeable-and-prepared-are-they-to-offer-medical-care-to-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#7
Chimezie Godswill Okwuonu, Hannah Sylvanus Kanu, Ojeh-Oziegbe Odigie
BACKGROUND: Nurses play an important role in the management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients at primary, secondary, and tertiary levels of care. In other to perform their functions, it is pertinent that they have a good understanding of kidney functions and CKD. We do not know if the current educational curriculum prepares them adequately for this role. AIM: To assess the knowledge level of kidney functions and diseases among final year nursing students in Abia State Nigeria...
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294032/student-life-down-but-definitely-not-out
#8
Jane Morton
Most of students' pre-registration training takes place in the hospital environment. This, combined with the common misconception that nurses who work in the community are not 'proper nurses', may result in students and newly qualified nurses underestimating the field's complexity.
March 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288686/outcomes-of-dysvascular-partial-foot-amputation-and-how-these-compare-to-transtibial-amputation-a-systematic-review-for-the-development-of-shared-decision-making-resources
#9
Michael P Dillon, Matthew Quigley, Stefania Fatone
BACKGROUND: Dysvascular partial foot amputation (PFA) is a common sequel to advanced peripheral vascular disease. Helping inform difficult discussions between patients and practitioners about the level of PFA, or the decision to have a transtibial amputation (TTA) as an alternative, requires an understanding of the current research evidence on a wide range of topics including wound healing, reamputation, quality of life, mobility, functional ability, participation, pain and psychosocial outcomes, and mortality...
March 14, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288089/complication-rates-for-fluoroscopic-guided-interlaminar-lumbar-epidural-steroid-injections-performed-by-certified-registered-nurse-anesthetists-in-diverse-practice-settings
#10
Donald E Beissel
STUDY QUESTION: What is the complication rate for Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) performing fluoroscopic guided lumbar epidural steroid injections (LESIs)? METHODS: CRNA pain practitioners responded to questionnaires regarding their education level, experience, and practice locations. Participants also collected data on number of fluoroscopic guided LESIs performed and each of 20 complications for a 6-month period, and answered a poll regarding satisfaction with the data collection process...
November 2016: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287865/recovery-oriented-psychiatric-nursing-in-south-korea-a-hybrid-concept-analysis
#11
Suyon Baek, Sunah Kim
The purpose of this study is to examine the attributes and verify the definition of the recovery-oriented psychiatric nursing concept using the hybrid model suggested by Schwartz-Barcott and Kim ( 2000 ). In the theoretical analysis phase, a literature search was conducted and data were collected using the Pubmed, CINAHL, and Google Scholar databases. This study considered of 7 empirical studies, 21 guidelines, 12 instruments, 2 related theories, 3 practical models, and 2 intervention programs. In the fieldwork phase, this study performed in-depth interviews with nine psychiatric nurses...
March 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287671/genetic-testing-for-psychopharmacology-is-it-ready-for-prime-time
#12
Laura G Leahy
Genetic testing in psychiatric practice may be a beneficial adjunct to the nursing toolbox of considerations used to improve patient outcomes. Since 2004, the psychiatric community has used genotyping to personalize medication options for their patients. Although not a definitive or exact science, pharmacogenetic testing for psychopharmacological treatment options offers nurses and their patients insights into potential treatments that will reduce the current trial-and-error prescribing practices and more quickly improve patients' quality of life...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285832/an-integrative-review-of-pediatric-fall-risk-assessment-tools
#13
REVIEW
Kimberly DiGerolamo, Katherine Finn Davis
PROBLEM: Patient fall prevention begins with accurate risk assessment. However, sustained improvements in prevention and quality of care include use of validated fall risk assessment tools (FRATs). The goal of FRATs is to identify patients at highest risk. Adult FRATs are often borrowed from to create tools for pediatric patients. Though factors associated with pediatric falls in the hospital setting are similar to those in adults, such as mobility, medication use, and cognitive impairment, adult FRATs and the factors associated with them do not adequately assess risk in children...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284147/why-is-psychiatric-nursing-not-the-preferred-option-for-nursing-students-a-cross-sectional-study-examining-pre-nursing-and-nursing-school-factors
#14
Hui Lin Ong, Esmond Seow, Boon Yiang Chua, Huiting Xie, Jia Wang, Ying Wen Lau, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: There is a shortage of nurses working in the mental health field globally. The aim of the present study was to examine Singapore nursing students' attitudes towards specializing in psychiatric nursing by examining the pre-nursing and nursing school factors as well as attitudes towards psychiatry and personality traits. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted with 500 nursing students from four nursing institutions in Singapore. Students' attitudes towards psychiatry (ATP-18), perception of psychiatric nursing career aspects relative to other fields, and personality traits (mini-IPIP) were assessed...
February 24, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283931/spiritual-health-a-concept-analysis
#15
Azita Jaberi, Marzieh Momennasab, Shahrzad Yektatalab, Abbas Ebadi, Mohammad Ali Cheraghi
Spiritual health has attracted a lot of attention in health-related and nursing sciences and numerous researches. Yet, this concept has remained complex and ambiguous, and there is no consensus in this regard. This ambiguity can be challenging for holistic nursing; therefore, clarification of the concept is required for development of nursing knowledge. The present study aimed to explore the concept of spiritual health in health-related and nursing literature. Walker and Avant (Strategies for theory construction in nursing, Appleton & Lange, Norwalk, 1995) concept analysis method was used in this study...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282010/complications-and-mortality-associated-with-temporary-abdominal-closure-techniques-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Adam Cristaudo, Scott Jennings, Ronny Gunnarsson, Alan DeCosta
Temporary abdominal closure (TAC) techniques are routinely used in the open abdomen. Ideally, they should prevent evisceration, aid in removal of unwanted fluid from the peritoneal cavity, facilitate in achieving safe definitive fascial closure, as well as prevent the development of intra-abdominal complications. TAC techniques used in the open abdomen were compared with negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) to identify which was superior. A systematic review was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines involving Medline, Excerpta Medica, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and <ext-link ext-link-type="uri" xlink:href="http://Clinicaltrials...
February 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278415/paediatric-active-enhanced-disease-surveillance-inaugural-annual-report-2014
#17
Yvonne A Zurynski, Jocelynne E McRae, Helen E Quinn, Nicholas J Wood, Kristine K Macartney
INTRODUCTION: The Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance (PAEDS) network is a hospital-based active surveillance system employing prospective case ascertainment of selected uncommon vaccine preventable diseases and potential adverse events following immunisation (AEFI). PAEDS enhances other Australian surveillance systems by providing prospective detailed clinical and laboratory data for the same child. METHODS: Specialist surveillance nurses screen hospital admissions, emergency department records, laboratory and other data, to prospectively identify hospitalised children aged under 15 years in 5 paediatric tertiary referral hospitals in New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia and Queensland...
September 30, 2016: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268248/dietary-glycemic-and-insulin-scores-and-colorectal-cancer-survival-by-tumor-molecular-biomarkers
#18
NaNa Keum, Chen Yuan, Reiko Nishihara, Emilie Zoltick, Tsuyoshi Hamada, Alejandro Martinez Fernandez, Xuehong Zhang, Akiko Hanyuda, Li Liu, Keisuke Kosumi, Jonathan A Nowak, Iny Jhun, T Rinda Soong, Teppei Morikawa, Fred K Tabung, Zhi Rong Qian, Charles S Fuchs, Jeffrey A Meyerhardt, Andrew T Chan, Kimmie Ng, Shuji Ogino, Edward L Giovannucci, Kana Wu
Accumulating evidence suggests that post-diagnostic insulin levels may influence colorectal cancer (CRC) survival. Yet, no previous study has examined CRC survival in relation to a post-diagnostic diet rich in foods that increase post-prandial insulin levels. We hypothesized that glycemic and insulin scores (index or load; derived from food frequency questionnaire data) may be associated with survival from specific CRC subtypes sensitive to the insulin signaling pathway. We prospectively followed 1,160 CRC patients from the Nurses' Health Study (1980-2012) and Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (1986-2012), resulting in 266 CRC deaths in 10,235 person-years...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268067/application-of-the-third-international-consensus-definitions-for-sepsis-sepsis-3-classification-a-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study
#19
John P Donnelly, Monika M Safford, Nathan I Shapiro, John W Baddley, Henry E Wang
BACKGROUND: The Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock (Sepsis-3) present clinical criteria for the classification of patients with sepsis. We investigated incidence and long-term outcomes of patients diagnosed with these classifications, which are currently unknown. METHODS: We did a retrospective analysis using data from 30 239 participants from the USA who were aged at least 45 years and enrolled in the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort...
March 3, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267009/perspectives-from-patients-and-care-providers-on-the-management-of-fecal-incontinence-a-needs-assessment
#20
Ramzi M Helewa, Husein Moloo, Lara Williams, Kristine M Foss, Waheeda Baksh-Thomas, Isabelle Raiche
BACKGROUND: A large proportion of Canadians experience fecal incontinence, with no avenue for effective treatments. The Ottawa Hospital has recently started a percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation program for patients who have not improved with conservative efforts. OBJECTIVE: As part of this program implementation, a qualitative needs assessment was undertaken to better define successful outcomes and to identify barriers for program sustainability. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional, qualitative study involving standardized, semistructured interviews...
April 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
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