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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197663/-in-patient-early-rehabilitation
#1
Claus-W Wallesch, Sindy Lautenschläger
It is difficult to develop the financing and hospital provision of interventions for early rehabilitation within the diagnosis-related group (DRG) system. In addition to a range of partially rehabilitative complex interventions, the system recognizes three main forms of early rehabilitative interventions: geriatric, neurological/neurosurgical, and interdisciplinary and others. In this article, the appropriate definitions and cost-effectiveness of these procedures are analyzed and compared. The early rehabilitative interventions are characterized by constant cooperation in the therapeutic team, especially neurological early rehabilitation through the incorporation of nursing as a therapeutic profession...
February 14, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194924/constructing-definitions-of-safety-risks-while-nurses-care-for-hospitalised-older-people-secondary-analysis-of-qualitative-data
#2
Sherry Dahlke, Wendy A Hall, Jennifer Baumbusch
AIM: The aim of this secondary qualitative descriptive analysis was to examine how nurses construct a definition of older peoples' safety risks and provide care while working within organisational contexts that are focused on diminishing patient risks. BACKGROUND: Numbers of older patients are increasing in acute hospital contexts-contexts that place their focus on patient safety. Nurses need to manage tensions between older peoples' risks, evidence-informed practice decisions, limited resources and organisational emphases on patient falls...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187945/impact-of-ambient-temperature-on-morbidity-and-mortality-an-overview-of-reviews
#3
Xuping Song, Shigong Wang, Yuling Hu, Man Yue, Tingting Zhang, Yu Liu, Jinhui Tian, Kezheng Shang
The objectives were (i) to conduct an overview of systematic reviews to summarize evidence from and evaluate the methodological quality of systematic reviews assessing the impact of ambient temperature on morbidity and mortality; and (ii) to reanalyse meta-analyses of cold-induced cardiovascular morbidity in different age groups. The registration number is PROSPERO-CRD42016047179. PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and Global Health were systematically searched to identify systematic reviews...
February 7, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181972/exercise-interventions-to-reduce-cancer-related-fatigue-and-improve-health-related-quality-of-life-in-cancer-patients
#4
Kelly Scott, Bobbie Posmontier
Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is the most common and debilitating side effect of patients receiving treatment of cancer. It is reported that 60% to 100% of patients will develop CRF as a result of the treatment or the cancer itself. The effects last for years posttreatment and lower overall quality of life. The purpose of this integrative review was to determine whether exercise interventions could reduce CRF and improve overall health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among selected cancer patients. Clinical Key, ProQuest Nursing and Allied Health Source, Cochrane Library, Mosby's Nursing Consult, and MEDLINE (Ovid) were the databases searched...
March 2017: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177541/allostatic-load-a-useful-concept-for-advancing-nursing-research
#5
Marie-Anne S Rosemberg, Yang Li, Julia Seng
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the historical development of the allostatic load concept, alongside its use in nursing research, and to explore how allostatic load has been investigated among two stress-vulnerable populations. BACKGROUND: "Stress" is a prominent term in understanding the development of disease. Allostatic load is among several approaches undertaken to quantify the magnitude of stress and understand how stress can affect health. METHOD: We explored the advent of allostatic load including its antecedents, and consequences...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173766/factors-influencing-decision-of-general-practitioners-and-managers-to-train-and-employ-a-nurse-practitioner-or-physician-assistant-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-study
#6
Mieke van der Biezen, Emmy Derckx, Michel Wensing, Miranda Laurant
BACKGROUND: Due to the increasing demand on primary care, it is not only debated whether there are enough general practitioners (GPs) to comply with these demands but also whether specific tasks can be performed by other care providers. Although changing the workforce skill mix care by employing Physician Assistants (PAs) and Nurse Practitioners (NPs) has proven to be both effective and safe, the implementation of those professionals differs widely between and within countries. To support policy making regarding PAs/NPs in primary care, the aim of this study is to provide insight into factors influencing the decision of GPs and managers to train and employ a PA/NP within their organisation...
February 7, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169823/-empathy-deficit-in-adolescents-160-how-to-characterize-and-evaluate-it-clinically-160-a-litterature-review
#7
Mélanie Piñon, Aline Forestier, Marc Diby
<ce:para>Introduction : empathy has been considered since a long time under the angle of human sciences. Today, certain neuro-scientific postulates complement this knowledge.</ce:para><ce:para>Context : observation of adolescents presenting psychiatric disorders, accompagnied by conduct disorders and/or psychopathic traits, frequently describe empathy deficits ; nurses should evaluate the nature and the degree of empathy of these adolescents.</ce:para><ce:para>Aims : this litterature review aims to expose the clinical characteristics of empathy deficit from its definition and to describe the clinical evaluation tools...
July 5, 2016: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167376/identifying-elder-abuse-neglect-among-family-caregiving-dyads-a-cross-sectional-study-of-psychometric-properties-of-the-qualcare-scale
#8
Carolyn E Z Pickering, Kimberly Ridenour, Zachary Salaysay, David Reyes-Gastelum, Steven J Pierce
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Universal screening for elder abuse and neglect is a current controversy in geriatrics, fueled by the lack of evidence on valid and reliable instruments. Since each U.S. State and many other countries have their own legal definitions of what constitutes elder abuse and neglect, this further complicates instrument development and clinical assessment. The purpose of this paper is to present data on the sensitivity and specificity of the QualCare Scale, an instrument with utility in detecting clinically significant elder abuse and neglect among older adults receiving care at home...
January 30, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163926/rapid-analgesia-for-prehospital-hip-disruption-rapid-protocol-for-feasibility-study-of-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Jenna K Bulger, Alan Brown, Bridie A Evans, Greg Fegan, Simon Ford, Katy Guy, Sian Jones, Leigh Keen, Ashrafunnesa Khanom, Ian Pallister, Nigel Rees, Ian T Russell, Anne C Seagrove, Helen A Snooks
BACKGROUND: Adequate pain relief at the point of injury and during transport to hospital is a major challenge in all acute traumas, especially for those with hip fractures, whose injuries are difficult to immobilise and whose long-term outcomes may be adversely affected by administration of opiate analgesics. Fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB) is a procedure routinely undertaken by doctors and nurses in the emergency department for patients with hip fracture but not yet evaluated for use by paramedics at the scene of emergency calls...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160829/-glioblastoma-and-nursing-care-in-neurosurgery
#10
Mathilde Lefort
Nurses in neurosurgical departments play a critical role as they are involved in the first stages of the care pathway of patients with glioblastoma. Indeed, surgery enables a definitive histopathological diagnosis to be established and the size of the tumour to be significantly reduced, thereby improving the prognosis.
February 2017: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156613/what-does-palliative-care-mean-diverse-definitions-from-cancer-care-providers
#11
Rebecca A Ferrer, Michelle Mollica, Grace Huang, Angela Falisi, Wen-Ying Sylvia Chou
: 40 Background: Existing literature on the epistemology of palliative care has mostly centered on patient/family perspectives. Understanding how multi-disciplinary healthcare providers themselves define palliative care is a critical step towards addressing barriers and harnessing facilitators that affect optimal delivery. METHODS: Semi-structured key informant interviews (N = 19) were conducted with members of healthcare provider teams as part of a qualitative study on goals of care for cancer patients enrolled in clinical trials...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155301/a-model-for-the-facilitation-of-effective-management-of-aggression-experienced-by-psychiatric-nurses-from-patients-in-a-psychiatric-institution
#12
Emmanuel Bimenyimana, Marie Poggenpoel, Annie Temane, Chris Myburgh
BACKGROUND: 'The time I was hit nobody helped me. They (psychiatric nurses) just said: "you do not have to worry, you are not bleeding … in time you will see more"'. The core of the nursing profession is caring for those in need. However, when the psychiatric nurse (PN) is overwhelmed by aggression from the person cared for, the ideal of rendering quality patient care is compromised. There has to be a way to assist the PNs to manage aggression effectively in order to render quality patient care and improve PNs mental health...
November 30, 2016: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152206/nursing-actions-that-create-a-sense-of-good-nursing-care-in-patients-with-wet-age-related-macular-degeneration
#13
Åsa Emsfors, Lennart Christensson, Carina Elgán
BACKGROUND: People who suffer from wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) risk central vision loss. Treatment with anti-VEGF is the only available option at present that preserves vision and no definitive cure currently exists. Patients feel that they are compelled to accept this treatment because they might otherwise become blind. AIM: To identify and describe nursing actions performed by nurses that create a sense of good nursing care in patients with wet (AMD)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120672/understanding-spirituality-and-spiritual-care-in-nursing
#14
Fiona Timmins, Sílvia Caldeira
Spirituality is a complex concept that has different meanings for different people. Spiritual care is a fundamental aspect of nursing and attending to the spiritual needs of patients may improve their health outcomes. This article, the first in a series of three, explores various definitions of spirituality, and the importance of spirituality and spiritual care in healthcare settings. The second article of this series provides an in-depth exploration of the assessment of patients' spiritual care needs, and the third and final article in this short series discusses spiritual care nursing interventions...
January 25, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119163/compassion-fatigue-a-meta-narrative-review-of-the-healthcare-literature
#15
REVIEW
Shane Sinclair, Shelley Raffin-Bouchal, Lorraine Venturato, Jane Mijovic-Kondejewski, Lorraine Smith-MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Compassion fatigue describes a work-related stress response in healthcare providers that is considered a 'cost of caring' and a key contributor to the loss of compassion in healthcare. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to critically examine the construct of compassion fatigue and to determine if it is an accurate descriptor of work-related stress in healthcare providers and a valid target variable for intervention. DESIGN: Meta-narrative review...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106585/competencies-related-to-informatics-and-information-management-for-practicing-nurses-and-nurses-leaders-in-brazil-and-south-america
#16
Sayonara de Fatima Faria Barbosa
Informatics and information management competency has an important role for nursing. However, these competencies in Brazil and South America lack definition, and are just beginning to develop in these regions with different realities. This chapter presents information related to the development of informatics competencies for nursing in these areas.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106583/the-professional-association-s-perspective-on-nursing-informatics-and-competencies-in-the-us
#17
Carol J Bickford
The American Nurses Association (ANA) recognized nursing informatics as a nursing specialty in 1992, developed the first scope and standards of nursing informatics practice in the mid-1990s, and remains the custodian and steward of each document revision. Over the past two decades, the definition of nursing informatics, scope of practice statement, and framework of the standards of practice have evolved to now include a collection of competencies for the informatics nurse and informatics nurse specialist. The American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), an ANA subsidiary, created and maintains a nursing informatics certification program that offers a board certification credential to qualified applicants, including international nurse colleagues...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103700/the-effects-of-mindfulness-based-interventions-for-health-and-social-care-undergraduate-students-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#18
Michelle O'Driscoll, Stephen Byrne, Aoife Mc Gillicuddy, Sharon Lambert, Laura J Sahm
Health and social care undergraduate students experience stress due to high workloads and pressure to perform. Consequences include depression and burnout. Mindfulness may be a suitable way to reduce stress in health and social care degree courses. The objective of this systematic review is to identify and critically appraise the literature on the effects of Mindfulness-Based Interventions for health and social care undergraduate students. PubMed, EMBASE, Psych Info, CINAHL, The Cochrane Library and Academic Search Complete were searched from inception to 21st November 2016...
January 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102917/sexual-violence-in-the-college-population-a-systematic-review-of-disclosure-and-campus-resources-and-services
#19
REVIEW
Valerie Halstead, Jessica R Williams, Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To synthesize research examining college student sexual violence disclosure and campus sexual violence resources and services. BACKGROUND: Recently, the issue of sexual violence within the college population has garnered attention worldwide. The prevalence of sexual violence within college students is alarmingly high. Survivors often experience negative outcomes (e.g., health-related consequences, impact on education). Efforts have been made to address this significant public health concern...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101983/working-to-define-professionalism-in-pediatric-anesthesiology-a-qualitative-study-of-domains-of-the-expert-pediatric-anesthesiologist-as-valued-by-interdisciplinary-stakeholders
#20
Justin L Lockman, Alan Jay Schwartz, Peter F Cronholm
BACKGROUND: Unprofessional behavior is a significant problem throughout graduate medical education programs and medical centers. Some authors have suggested that professionalism curricula should be focused toward faculty, not trainees, to interrupt the modeling of unprofessionalism. Developing such curricula requires a needs assessment and is challenging given data indicating that the definition of professionalism varies based on medical specialty. Thus, a specialty-specific definition of professionalism is needed as a first step in any curriculum development...
February 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
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