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nursing definition

Lucy James, Linda Sweet, Roslyn Donnellan-Fernandez
PROBLEM: Early discharge following birth has become an emerging phenomenon in many countries. It is likely early discharge has an impact on the establishment of breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE: To critically appraise the evidence on what women value in relation to breastfeeding initiation and support, and investigate the impact early discharge can have on these values. METHOD: A literature search was conducted for publications since 2005 using the following databases: Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Medline, Scopus and PsycINFO; 21 primary articles were selected and included in the review...
October 20, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Hanna F Skjåkødegård, Yngvild S Danielsen, Mette Morken, Sara-Rebekka F Linde, Rachel P Kolko, Katherine N Balantekin, Denise E Wilfley, Pétur B Júlíusson
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the FABO-study is to evaluate the effect of family-based behavioral social facilitation treatment (FBSFT), designed to target children's family and social support networks to enhance weight loss outcomes, compared to the standard treatment (treatment as usual, TAU) given to children and adolescents with obesity in a routine clinical practice. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial (RCT), in which families (n = 120) are recruited from the children and adolescents (ages 6-18 years) referred to the Obesity Outpatient Clinic (OOC), Haukeland University Hospital, Norway...
October 21, 2016: BMC Public Health
Jane Mills, Jennifer Chamberlain-Salaun, Helena Harrison, Karen Yates, Andrea O'Shea
BACKGROUND: A core objective of the Australian health system is to provide high quality, safe health care that meets the needs of all Australians. To achieve this, an adequate and effective workforce must support the delivery of care. With rapidly changing health care systems and consumer demographics, demand for care is increasing and retention of sufficient numbers of skilled staff is now a critical priority to meet current and future health care demands. Nurses are the largest cohort of professionals within the health workforce...
2016: BMC Nursing
Regina Conway-Phillips, Linda Witek Janusek
The purpose of this qualitative study was to gain understanding of the definition, meaning, and function of spirituality to African American women. Four categories emerged that add insight for nurses to develop innovative spiritual-based strategies to promote African American women's positive health behaviors. Implications for promoting breast health behaviors are described.
November 2016: Holistic Nursing Practice
Ho Ting Wong, Vico Chung Lim Chiang, Kup Sze Choi, Alice Yuen Loke
The rapid development of technology has made enormous volumes of data available and achievable anytime and anywhere around the world. Data scientists call this change a data era and have introduced the term "Big Data", which has drawn the attention of nursing scholars. Nevertheless, the concept of Big Data is quite fuzzy and there is no agreement on its definition among researchers of different disciplines. Without a clear consensus on this issue, nursing scholars who are relatively new to the concept may consider Big Data to be merely a dataset of a bigger size...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Debbie Selby, Dori Seccaraccia, Jim Huth, Kristin Kurrpa, Margaret Fitch
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to explore healthcare professionals' (HCPs') perception of their role in provision of spiritual care, in addition to attempting to identify a simple question(s) to help identify spiritual distress. BACKGROUND: Spirituality is well recognized as important to whole-person care, particularly in those with terminal illnesses. Understanding the role of front-line providers in the identification and management of spiritual distress, however, remains challenging...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Danica Železnik, Peter Kokol, Helena Blažun Vošner
BACKGROUND: New emerging technologies, health globalization, demographic change, new healthcare paradigms, advances in healthcare delivery and social networking will change the needs of patients in the future and consequently will require that new knowledge, competence and skill sets be acquired by nurses. METHOD: Checkland's Soft Systems Methodology, focusing on the enriched CATWOE and PQR elements of the root definitions, combined with our own developed "Too much - Too little constraint" approach was used to devise impending knowledge, competence and skill sets...
September 28, 2016: Nurse Education Today
Christopher Patterson, Moira Stephens, Vico Chiang, Ann M Price, Fiona Work, Erna Snelgrove-Clarke
BACKGROUND: Personal learning environments (PLEs) have been shown to be a critical part of how students negotiate and manage their own learning. Understandings of PLEs appear to be constrained by narrow definitions that focus primarily on technological engagement with a range of web tools and associated applications. This paper addresses a gap in the literature around PLEs for students currently enrolled in undergraduate nursing degrees. PURPOSE: To provide in-depth insights into how undergraduate students of nursing manage and experience their learning...
September 26, 2016: Nurse Education Today
Aline Maria Bonini Moysés, Lais Corsino Durant, Ana Maria de Almeida, Thais de Oliveira Gozzo
Objective: to identify factors related to the nursing diagnosis nausea among cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Method: integrative review conducted in four electronic databases (PUBMED, EMBASE, CINAHL and LILACS) using the key words: neoplasia, antineoplastic agents and nausea. Results: only 30 out of 1,258 papers identified met the inclusion criteria. The most frequent related factors were: being younger than 50 years old, motion sickness, being a woman, emetogenic potential of the chemotherapy, anxiety, conditioned stimulus, and expecting nausea after treatment...
October 10, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
K N Nason, H Byrne, G J Nason, B O'Connell
INTRODUCTION: With the advent of social media, healthcare professionals not only need to be conscious of professionalism in their face-to-face interactions but also in the electronic environment. The aim of this study was to assess the level of online professionalism on Facebook profiles available for public viewing of students from a dental school. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search was performed via a new Facebook account of all students in the University Dental School (dental hygiene, dental nursing, dental science and dental technology)...
October 13, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Ofer Havakuk, Michal Laufer Perl, Ofir Praisler, Michael Barkagan, Ben Sadeh, Gilad Margolis, Maayan Konigstein, Lilly Veltman Fuks, Gad Keren, Ehud Chorin, Yaron Arbel
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was shown to be related to a variety of diseases. High level of vigilance for the diagnosis of MetS is expected among health providers. We evaluated the level of awareness to MetS among physician and nurses working in a central hospital. METHODS AND RESULTS: A specially designed anonymous questionnaire was used, including both open and multiple choice questions set to evaluate the participant's awareness to MetS. The study included 126 participants, 71% physicians and 29% nurses...
September 21, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Christine Dennis, Pamela Baxter, Jenny Ploeg, Susan Blatz
AIMS: A discussion of partnership in the context of family centered care in the acute paediatric setting, through a critical analysis of partnership models. BACKGROUND: Paediatric healthcare practitioners understand the importance of family centered care, but struggle with how to translate the core tenets into action and are confused by several rival terms. Partnering relationships are included in definitions of family centered care, yet less is known about strategies to fully engage or support parents in these partnerships...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Chia-Chan Kao, Yu-Hua Lin
At least half of patients with cancer experience emotional distress (e.g., posttraumatic stress symptoms). Most of the studies on the emotional distress of Taiwanese cancer patients have focused on issues of depression rather than on posttraumatic stress disorder. The scope of the present article covers the definitions of cancer-related posttraumatic stress disorder (CR-PTSD) and cancer-related posttraumatic stress symptoms (CR-PTSS), identifies the differences and similarities between professional interview and self-administered measurement tools and their applications; analyzes the prevalence of CR-PTSD and CR-PTSS; identifies the possible contributing sociodemographic (younger age, female, low education, low socio-economic status), clinical (advanced stage, undergoing chemotherapy, just completed the therapy), and psychosocial (negative psychological traits, poor social support, and insufficient coping strategies) of CR-PTSD and CR-PTSS; and aggregates the effects of cognitive and psychosocial interventions on CR-PTSD and CR-PTSS...
October 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Barbara W Trautner, M Todd Greene, Sarah L Krein, Heidi L Wald, Sanjay Saint, Andrew J Rolle, Sara McNamara, Barbara S Edson, Lona Mody
OBJECTIVE To assess knowledge about infection prevention among nursing home personnel and identify gaps potentially addressable through a quality improvement collaborative. DESIGN Baseline knowledge assessment of catheter-associated urinary tract infection, asymptomatic bacteriuria, antimicrobial stewardship, and general infection prevention practices for healthcare-associated infections. SETTING Nursing homes across 14 states participating in the national "Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Safety Program for Long-Term Care: Healthcare-Associated Infections/Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection...
October 4, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Kathleen Lechasseur, Chantal Caux, Stéphanie Dollé, Alain Legault
BACKGROUND: Ethics, being a fundamental component of nursing practice, must be integrated in the nursing education curriculum. Even though different bodies are promoting ethics and nursing researchers have already carried out work as regards this concept, it still remains difficult to clearly identify the components of this competence. OBJECTIVE: This integrative review intends to clarify this point in addition to better defining ethical competence in the context of nursing practice...
September 30, 2016: Nursing Ethics
Annelie J Sundler, Jessica Höglander, Jakob Håkansson Eklund, Hilde Eide, Inger K Holmström
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to a) explore to what extent older persons express emotional cues and concerns during home care visits; b) describe what cues and concerns these older persons expressed, and c) explore who initiated these cues and concerns. METHODS: A descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted. Data consisted of 188 audio recorded home care visits with older persons and registered nurses or nurse assistants, coded with the Verona coding definitions on emotional sequences (VR-CoDES)...
September 20, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
E Castaigne, P Hardy, F Mouaffak
After attempting suicide, 60 to 70% of patients are discharged from emergency departments and referred to outpatient treatment which entails psychosocial strategies, pharmacological strategies or a combination. The main objective of outpatient care consists in preventing recurrent suicidal behavior. Yet suicide attempters have been found to be very difficult to engage in treatment. Between 11% and 50% of attempters refuse outpatient treatment or drop out of outpatient therapy very quickly. In order to address this extremely serious issue, for the past 20 years monitoring or follow up interventions has been presented as a promising approach...
September 27, 2016: L'Encéphale
Lauren Epstein, Nimalie D Stone, Lisa LaPlace, Jane Harper, Ruth Lynfield, Linn Warnke, Tory Whitten, Meghan Maloney, Richard Melchreit, Richard Rodriguez, Gail Quinlan, Cathleen Concannon, Ghinwa Dumyati, Deborah L Thompson, Nicola Thompson
OBJECTIVE To facilitate surveillance and describe the burden of healthcare-associated infection (HAI) in nursing homes (NHs), we compared the quality of resident-level data collected by NH personnel and external staff. DESIGN A 1-day point-prevalence survey SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS Overall, 9 nursing homes among 4 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Emerging Infection Program (EIP) sites were included in this study. METHODS NH personnel collected data on resident characteristics, clinical risk factors for HAIs, and the presence of 3 HAI screening criteria on the day of the survey...
October 3, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Hyejin Kim, Justine S Sefcik, Christine Bradway
Qualitative description (QD) is a term that is widely used to describe qualitative studies of health care and nursing-related phenomena. However, limited discussions regarding QD are found in the existing literature. In this systematic review, we identified characteristics of methods and findings reported in research articles published in 2014 whose authors identified the work as QD. After searching and screening, data were extracted from the sample of 55 QD articles and examined to characterize research objectives, design justification, theoretical/philosophical frameworks, sampling and sample size, data collection and sources, data analysis, and presentation of findings...
September 30, 2016: Research in Nursing & Health
Mary Casey, Adeline Cooney, Rhona O' Connell, Josephine Hegarty, Anne-Marie Brady, Pauline O'Reilly, Catriona Kennedy, Elizabeth Heffernan, Gerard Fealy, Martin Mcnamara, Laserina O' Connor
AIM: To present the qualitative findings from a study on the development of scheme(s) to provide evidence of maintenance of professional competence for nurses and midwives. BACKGROUND: Key issues in maintenance of professional competence include notions of self- assessment, verification of engagement and practice hours, provision of an evidential record, the role of the employer and articulation of possible consequences for non-adherence with the requirements. Schemes to demonstrate the maintenance of professional competence have application to nurses, midwives and regulatory bodies and healthcare employers worldwide...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
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