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Pain management and stem cell research

A Soni-Jaiswal, J Mercer, S A Jones, I A Bruce, P Callery
BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic stem cell transplants, alongside enzyme replacement therapy and good multi-disciplinary care, have dramatically improved the life expectancy in children with Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) I, with better objective and functional outcomes. Despite these improvements, children with both the attenuated (non-Hurler) and severe (Hurler) variants of the disease have marked residual morbidity. Children with MPS I suffer with head and neck disease including obstructive sleep apnoea and hearing loss...
2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Xin Zhang, Yu-Cheng Lin, Yun-Feng Rui, Hong-Liang Xu, Hui Chen, Chen Wang, Gao-Jun Teng
Tendinopathy is a tendon disorder characterized by activity-related pain, local edema, focal tenderness to palpation, and decreased strength in the affected area. Tendinopathy is prevalent in both athletes and the general population, highlighting the need to elucidate the pathogenesis of this disorder. Current treatments of tendinopathy are both conservative and symptomatic. The discovery of tendon stem/progenitor cells (TSPCs) and erroneous differentiation of TSPCs have provided new insights into the pathogenesis of tendinopathy...
2016: Stem Cells International
Julien Freitag, Jon Ford, Dan Bates, Richard Boyd, Andrew Hahne, Yuanyuan Wang, Flavia Cicuttini, Leesa Huguenin, Cameron Norsworthy, Kiran Shah
INTRODUCTION: The management of intra-articular chondral defects in the knee remains a challenge. Inadequate healing in areas of weight bearing leads to impairment in load transmission and these defects predispose to later development of osteoarthritis. Surgical management of full thickness chondral defects include arthroscopic microfracture and when appropriate autologous chondrocyte implantation. This latter method however is technically challenging, and may not offer significant improvement over microfracture...
December 18, 2015: BMJ Open
Cody C Wyles, Matthew T Houdek, Atta Behfar, Rafael J Sierra
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a painful chronic condition with a significant impact on quality of life. The societal burden imposed by OA is increasing in parallel with the aging population; however, no therapies have demonstrated efficacy in preventing the progression of this degenerative joint disease. Current mainstays of therapy include activity modification, conservative pain management strategies, weight loss, and if necessary, replacement of the affected joint. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a multipotent endogenous population of progenitors capable of differentiation to musculoskeletal tissues...
2015: Stem Cells and Cloning: Advances and Applications
Cynthia A Kahlenberg, Michael Knesek, Michael A Terry
Lateral epicondylitis is a common source of elbow pain. Though it is often a self-limited condition, refractory lateral epicondylitis can lead to problems with activities of daily living and sometimes requires sick leave from work. Therefore prompt treatment is essential. Histopathologic studies have suggested that lateral epicondylitis is a tendinopathy, associated with apoptosis and autophagy, rather than a tendonitis associated with inflammation. Although corticosteroids have been used for short-term treatment, recent studies have suggested that they are not helpful and may even be harmful and delay healing in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis...
2015: BioMed Research International
Charles Handley, Tony Goldschlager, David Oehme, Peter Ghosh, Graham Jenkin
Low back pain is a common clinical problem, which leads to significant social, economic and public health costs. Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration is accepted as a common cause of low back pain. Initially, this is characterized by a loss of proteoglycans from the nucleus pulposus resulting in loss of tissue hydration and hydrostatic pressure. Conservative management, including analgesia and physiotherapy often fails and surgical treatment, such as spinal fusion, is required. Stem cells offer an exciting possible regenerative approach to IVD disease...
January 26, 2015: World Journal of Stem Cells
B Skovrlj, G Cunn, J Z Guzman, S A Qureshi
AIM: Low back pain is the leading cause of disability and a major health problem around the world. As of today, symptomatic relief is the best option offered to patients, with mixed results. This study will review the use of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) technology in the conservative and surgical treatments of degenerative disc disease (DDD). METHODS: A series of PubMed-National Library of Medicine searches were performed. Only articles in English journals or with published with English language translations were included...
March 2015: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
Sharon Elad, Judith E Raber-Durlacher, Michael T Brennan, Deborah P Saunders, Arno P Mank, Yehuda Zadik, Barry Quinn, Joel B Epstein, Nicole M A Blijlevens, Tuomas Waltimo, Jakob R Passweg, M Elvira P Correa, Göran Dahllöf, Karin U E Garming-Legert, Richard M Logan, Carin M J Potting, Michael Y Shapira, Yoshihiko Soga, Jacqui Stringer, Monique A Stokman, Samuel Vokurka, Elisabeth Wallhult, Noam Yarom, Siri Beier Jensen
PURPOSE: Hematology-oncology patients undergoing chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients are at risk for oral complications which may cause significant morbidity and a potential risk of mortality. This emphasizes the importance of basic oral care prior to, during and following chemotherapy/HSCT. While scientific evidence is available to support some of the clinical practices used to manage the oral complications, expert opinion is needed to shape the current optimal protocols...
January 2015: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Umile Giuseppe Longo, Mattia Loppini, Alessandra Berton, Filippo Spiezia, Nicola Maffulli, Vincenzo Denaro
Skeletal muscle injuries are common in athletes, occurring with direct and indirect mechanisms and marked residual effects, such as severe long-term pain and physical disability. Current therapy consists of conservative management including RICE protocol (rest, ice, compression and elevation), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and intramuscular corticosteroids. However, current management of muscle injuries often does not provide optimal restoration to preinjury status. New biological therapies, such as injection of platelet-rich plasma and stem-cell-based therapy, are appealing...
2012: Stem Cells International
Erin Greaves, Kelsey Grieve, Andrew W Horne, Philippa T K Saunders
CONTEXT: Ovarian suppression is a common treatment for endometriosis-associated pelvic pain. Its exact mechanism of action is poorly understood, although it is assumed to reflect reduced production/action of estrogens. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to measure the expression of mRNAs encoded by nociceptive genes in the peritoneum of women with chronic pelvic pain (CPP) with or without endometriosis and to investigate whether estrogens alter nociceptive gene expression in human sensory neurons...
September 2014: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
D Siniscalco, F Rossi, S Maione
Pain initiated or caused by a primary lesion or dysfunction in the nervous system is defined as neuropathic pain. About 75 -150 million people in the United States are suffering for chronic pain disorder. Neuropathic pain has a great impact on the human wellbeing. It is very debilitating and often has an associated degree of depression that contributes to decreasing the quality of life. Moreover, the management of chronic pain is costly to the health care system. Pain is a national healthcare priority in US: the United States Congress has declared the present decade (2001-2010) as the "Decade of Pain Control and Research"...
2007: Journal of Stem Cells & Regenerative Medicine
Lauren E Franzblau, Melissa J Shauver, Kevin C Chung
PURPOSE: Reconstructive surgery for complete brachial plexus avulsion injuries only partially restores function, and many patients are dissatisfied with results that surgeons consider good. Preoperative expectations have been shown to influence postoperative satisfaction but are poorly understood in patients with complete brachial plexus avulsion injuries. Qualitative methodology can elucidate patient beliefs and attitudes, which are difficult to quantify. The purpose of this study was to examine patient-reported outcomes, including satisfaction, and to understand the patient perspective...
May 2014: Journal of Hand Surgery
Mukai Chimutengwende-Gordon, Abubaker Mbogo, Wasim Khan, Richard Wilkes
A variety of options exist to reconstruct limbs following traumatic bone loss. The management of these injuries is challenging and often requires prolonged and potentially painful treatment. The Ilizarov technique of bone transport using circular external fixators is widely used for limb reconstruction of large bone defects. Other techniques include vascularised fibular grafting, the use of induced pseudosynovial membranes combined with cancellous autologous bone grafts and the use of autologous, allogeneic or synthetic bone grafts on their own for smaller defects...
February 2017: Injury
Guillermo Arce, Klaus Bak, Gregory Bain, Emilio Calvo, Benno Ejnisman, Giovanni Di Giacomo, Vicente Gutierrez, Dan Guttmann, Eiji Itoi, W Ben Kibler, Tom Ludvigsen, Augustus Mazzocca, Alberto de Castro Pochini, Felix Savoie, Hiroyuki Sugaya, John Uribe, Francisco Vergara, Jaap Willems, Yon Sik Yoo, John W McNeil, Matthew T Provencher
The goal of this article is to consolidate the International Society of Arthroscopy, Knee Surgery & Orthopaedic Sports Medicine (ISAKOS) Upper Extremity Committee's (UEC's) current knowledge on rotator cuff disease and management, as well as highlight key unresolved issues. The rotator cuff is an anatomically complex structure important for providing glenohumeral function and stability as part of a closed chain system. Current consensus suggests rotator cuff injuries are most accurately diagnosed, at levels similar to diagnosis by magnetic resonance imaging, with a combination of cuff- and impingement-specific clinical tests...
November 2013: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Lin Chen, Hongyun Huang, Hari Shanker Sharma, Huancong Zuo, Paul R Sanberg
Cell transplantation is a potentially powerful approach for the alleviation of chronic pain. The strategy of cell transplantation for the treatment of pain is focused on cell-based analgesia and neural repair. (1) Adrenal medullary chromaffin cells and the PC12 cell line have been used to treat cancer pain and neuropathic pain in both animal models and human cases. As biological or living minipumps, these cells produce and secrete pain-reducing neuroactive substances if administered directly into the spinal subarachnoid space...
2013: Cell Transplantation
John S Graham, Bruce A Schoneboom
Sulfur mustard (2,2'-dichlorodiethyl sulfide; SM) is a potent vesicating chemical warfare agent that poses a continuing threat to both military and civilian populations. Significant SM injuries can take several months to heal, necessitate lengthy hospitalizations, and result in long-term complications affecting the skin, eyes, and lungs. This report summarizes initial and ongoing (chronic) clinical findings from SM casualties from the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988), with an emphasis on cutaneous injury. In addition, we describe the cutaneous manifestations and treatment of several men recently and accidentally exposed to SM in the United States...
December 5, 2013: Chemico-biological Interactions
Natassja Frances, Simon B Zeichner, Michael Francavilla, Mike Cusnir
Introduction. Characterized as an undifferentiated, neuroendocrine tumor arising from totipotent stem cells, small-cell carcinoma (SCC) most commonly arises from the lung. Extrapulmonary small-cell carcinomas (ESCC) are rare and account for only four percent of SCC. Gastric ESCC, more commonly seen in Japanese male patients in their seventh decade of life, accounts for approximately 0.1 percent of ESCC. Case Presentation. A 75-year-old Hispanic male presented with a several week history of worsening epigastric pain with nausea and vomiting...
2013: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Deborah H Ndao, Elena J Ladas, Bin Cheng, Stephen A Sands, Kathryn T Snyder, James H Garvin, Kara M Kelly
OBJECTIVE: Though often lifesaving, stem cell transplantation (SCT) is a period of great distress for both child and parent. METHODS: We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized study evaluating the effect of the respiratory administration of bergamot essential oil on the anxiety, nausea, and pain of 37 pediatric patients with malignant and non-malignant disorders undergoing stem cell infusion and their parents. Patients were assessed at the time of recruitment, prior to infusion, upon infusion completion, and one hour post-infusion using the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) for parents and the STAIC, Children's Behavioral Style Scale (CBSS), visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain and nausea, and the Emotionality Activity Sociability and Impulsivity instrument (EASI) for children...
March 2012: Psycho-oncology
Matthew P Newton Ede, Wasim Khan
Articular cartilage injuries pose a treatment challenge. These injuries are a direct cause of pain and loss of function and may precipitate osteoarthritis in the affected joint. Typically affecting a younger, more active population whose expectations of treatment and need for long term joint preservation are high. Articular cartilage poses a treatment challenge in that its capacity for satisfactory healing is limited. The common endpoint of conservative management and traditional surgical interventions is the generation of biomechanically inferior fibrocartilage...
2010: Journal of Stem Cells
John M Parker, Jamie Austin, James Wilkerson, Larry Carbone
Multimodal analgesia is promoted as the best practice pain management for invasive animal research procedures. Universal acceptance and incorporation of multimodal analgesia requires assessing potential effects on study outcome. The focus of this study was to assess effects on embryo survival after multimodal analgesia comprising an opioid and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) compared with opioid-only analgesia during embryo transfer procedures in transgenic mouse production. Mice were assigned to receive either carprofen (5 mg/kg) with buprenorphine (0...
July 2011: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
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