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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331657/views-of-teenage-children-about-the-effects-of-a-parent-s-mobility-disability
#1
Lisa I Iezzoni, Amy J Wint, Alexy Arauz Boudreau, Cheri A Blauwet, Karen A Kuhlthau
BACKGROUND: Few U.S. studies have explored how children experience a parent's mobility disability and its effects on their daily lives. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to engage youth ages 13-17 who had at least one parent with mobility disability in describing their perceptions of their parent's disability and its consequences for their daily and family life. METHODS: Participants videoed and photographed their experiences following general guidelines from the researchers about topics of interest...
December 29, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331098/blunted-cortisol-reactivity-and-risky-driving-in-young-offenders-a-pilot-study
#2
Sophie Couture, Marie Claude Ouimet, Katarina Dedovic, Catherine Laurier, Pierrich Plusquellec, Thomas G Brown
Adolescent risky driving is a significant burden on public health. Young offenders (i.e. under custody and supervision of the criminal justice system) may be particularly vulnerable, but research is scant. Previous work indicated that blunted cortisol reactivity to stress is a marker of risk-taking predisposition, including risky driving. In this study, we hypothesized that young offenders display higher levels of risky driving than a non-offender comparison group, and that cortisol reactivity contributes to the variance in risky driving independent of other associated characteristics (i...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330164/public-health-guide-to-field-developments-linking-ecosystems-environments-and-health-in-the-anthropocene
#3
Chris G Buse, Jordan Sky Oestreicher, Neville R Ellis, Rebecca Patrick, Ben Brisbois, Aaron P Jenkins, Kaileah McKellar, Jonathan Kingsley, Maya Gislason, Lindsay Galway, Ro A McFarlane, Joanne Walker, Howard Frumkin, Margot Parkes
The impacts of global environmental change have precipitated numerous approaches that connect the health of ecosystems, non-human organisms and humans. However, the proliferation of approaches can lead to confusion due to overlaps in terminology, ideas and foci. Recognising the need for clarity, this paper provides a guide to seven field developments in environmental public health research and practice: occupational and environmental health; political ecology of health; environmental justice; ecohealth; One Health; ecological public health; and planetary health...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324253/a-qualitative-study-comparing-physician-reported-barriers-to-treating-addiction-using-buprenorphine-and-extended-release-naltrexone-in-u-s-office-based-practices
#4
Barbara Andraka-Christou, Matthew J Capone
AIM: Our aim was to compare physician-reported barriers to sublingual buprenorphine (BUP) and extended-release naltrexone (XR-NLT) prescribing in U.S. office-based practices, and to identify potential policies for minimizing these barriers. Only one previous qualitative study has examined physician-reported barriers to prescribing XR-NLT and no qualitative study has compared physician-reported barriers between the two medications. METHODS: Researchers conducted individual semi-structured and in-depth interviews with 20 licensed physicians in four U...
January 8, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323508/past-focused-temporal-communication-overcomes-conservatives-resistance-to-liberal-political-ideas
#5
Joris Lammers, Matt Baldwin
Nine studies and a meta-analysis test the role of past-focused temporal communication in reducing conservatives' disagreement with liberal political ideas. We propose that conservatives are more prone to warm, affectionate, and nostalgic feelings for past society. Therefore, they are more likely to support political ideas-including those expressing liberal values-that can be linked to a desirable past state (past focus), rather than a desirable future state (future focus) of society. Study 1 supports our prediction that political conservatives are more nostalgic for the past than liberals...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322579/the-employee-retention-triad-in-healthcare-exploring-relationships-among-organizational-justice-affective-commitment-and-turnover-intention
#6
Tyrone A Perreira, Whitney Berta, Monique Hebert
BACKGROUND: Turnover in healthcare is a serious concern, as it is contributes to the global nursing shortage and is associated with declines in quality of care, patient safety, and patient outcomes. Turnover also impacts care teams and is associated with decreased staff cohesion and morale. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to increase understanding of the relationships between organizational justice, affective commitment and turnover intention in healthcare...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319947/schedules-of-controlled-substances-temporary-placement-of-cyclopropyl-fentanyl-in-schedule-i-temporary-amendment-temporary-scheduling-order
#7
(no author information available yet)
The Administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration is issuing this temporary scheduling order to schedule the synthetic opioid, -(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenylcyclopropanecarboxamide (cyclopropyl fentanyl), and its isomers, esters, ethers, salts, and salts of isomers, esters, and ethers in schedule I. This action is based on a finding by the Administrator that the placement of cyclopropyl fentanyl in schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act is necessary to avoid an imminent hazard to the public safety...
January 4, 2018: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319435/black-lgb-identities-and-perceptions-of-same-sex-marriage
#8
Jess Lee
The 2015 SCOTUS ruling legalizing same-sex marriage was hailed as a universal victory for the lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) community, but the pervasive support mobilized to achieve this goal may mask important dissension and inequality within the community. Specifically, how race may shape or perpetuate inequalities in the LGB community through same-sex marriage has largely been absent from the discussion. Focusing on the perceived impact of same-sex marriage in respondents' lives, I investigate the relationship between black LGBs' perception of same-sex marriage legalization and their intersectional identities and community membership...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317109/the-role-of-the-2011-patients-rights-in-cross-border-health-care-directive-in-shaping-seven-national-health-systems-looking-beyond-patient-mobility
#9
Natasha Azzopardi-Muscat, Rita Baeten, Timo Clemens, Triin Habicht, Ilmo Keskimäki, Iwona Kowalska-Bobko, Anna Sagan, Ewout van Ginneken
Reports on the implementation of the Directive on the application of Patients' Rights in Cross-border Healthcare indicate that it had little impact on the numbers of patients seeking care abroad. We set out to explore the effects of this directive on health systems in seven EU Member States. Key informants in Belgium, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Malta, Poland and The Netherlands filled out a structured questionnaire. Findings indicate that the impact of the directive varied between countries and was smaller in countries where a large degree of adaptation had already taken place in response to the European Court of Justice Rulings...
January 4, 2018: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316863/reimagining-publics-and-non-participation-exploring-exclusion-from-science-communication-through-the-experiences-of-low-income-minority-ethnic-groups
#10
Emily Dawson
This article explores science communication from the perspective of those most at risk of exclusion, drawing on ethnographic fieldwork. I conducted five focus groups and 32 interviews with participants from low-income, minority ethnic backgrounds. Using theories of social reproduction and social justice, I argue that participation in science communication is marked by structural inequalities (particularly ethnicity and class) in two ways. First, participants' involvement in science communication practices was narrow (limited to science media consumption)...
January 1, 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315619/the-roles-of-trauma-exposure-rejection-sensitivity-and-callous-unemotional-traits-in-the-aggressive-behavior-of-justice-involved-youth-a-moderated-mediation-model
#11
Michaela M Mozley, Crosby A Modrowski, Patricia K Kerig
Research has demonstrated an association between childhood trauma exposure and adolescent aggression. This association may be explained by rejection sensitivity, defined as anger, or anxiety in the anticipation of rejection, which can be a consequence of trauma exposure. Callous-unemotional (CU) traits also are associated with trauma exposure and aggressive behavior; however, research has not yet investigated the interactive roles that rejection sensitivity and CU traits play in the relation between trauma exposure and aggression...
January 5, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313976/personality-traits-and-perceptions-of-organisational-justice
#12
Maria Törnroos, Marko Elovainio, Taina Hintsa, Mirka Hintsanen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Markus Jokela, Terho Lehtimäki, Olli T Raitakari, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen
This study examined the association between five-factor model personality traits and perceptions of organisational justice. The sample for the study comprised 903 participants (35-50 years old; 523 women) studied in 2007 and 2012. Measures used were the Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Five-Factor Inventory questionnaire and the short organisational justice measure. The results showed that high neuroticism was associated with low distributive, procedural and interactional justice. Furthermore, high agreeableness was associated with high procedural and interactional justice and high openness with high distributive justice...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313778/repeat-valve-replacement-in-a-person-with-substance-use-disorder-what-does-justice-dictate
#13
Anita J Tarzian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313405/self-disclosure-in-criminal-justice-what-form-does-it-take-and-what-does-it-achieve
#14
Jake Phillips, Andrew Fowler, Chalen Westaby
Self-disclosure, the act of therapists revealing something about themselves in the context of a professional relationship, has been linked with higher levels of effectiveness when used by correctional workers. However, it is poorly defined in both criminal justice policy and criminological research which has resulted in a lack of understanding about the potential risks and benefits to practice and practitioners. This article uses literature from other fields (namely, social work, counselling, and psychotherapy) to lay out what forms self-disclosure might take in the field of criminal justice...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302177/a-reporting-system-to-protect-the-human-rights-of-people-living-with-hiv-and-key-populations
#15
R Taylor Williamson, Vivian Fiscian, Ryan Ubuntu Olson, Fred Nana Poku, Joseph Whittal
People living with HIV and key populations face human rights violations that affect their access to health services, relationships in their communities, housing options, and employment. To address these violations, government and civil society organizations in Ghana developed a discrimination reporting system managed by the Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice that links people living with HIV and key populations to legal services. This article presents findings on how Ghanaian stakeholders built this reporting system and discusses preliminary data on its impact...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302176/no-more-broken-promises-challenges-and-opportunities-for-key-populations-in-demanding-more-transparency-accountability-and-participation-in-the-global-response-against-the-hiv-and-aids-epidemic
#16
Tomás A Chang Pico, Jillian Clare Kohler, Julia Hoffmann, Lucy Mungala
The global fight against HIV/AIDS continues to pose challenges: infection rates are on the rise in many settings, stigma and discrimination remain rampant, and the global response is under increasing financial pressure. There is a high risk of losing what has been achieved so far in the fight against HIV and AIDS, but also the momentum to meet the so-called Fast Track targets for 2030. In light of these trends, it is fundamental to focus on the human rights of key populations (KPs)-especially to health, non-discrimination, access to information, and to equal and meaningful participation in political and public affairs-by placing them at the center of the global HIV response...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302160/intersectional-discrimination-of-romani-women-forcibly-sterilized-in-the-former-czechoslovakia-and-czech-republic
#17
Gwendolyn Albert, Marek Szilvasi
This paper reviews domestic and international activism seeking justice for Romani and other women harmed by coercive, forced, and involuntary sterilization in the former Czechoslovakia and Czech Republic. Framed by Michel Foucault's theory of biopower, it summarizes the history of these abuses and describes human rights campaigns involving domestic and international litigation, advocacy, and grassroots activism, as well as the responses of the Czech governments. The paper describes how legal and policy work during the past decade has led to recognition of coercive, forced, and involuntary sterilization as a present-day human rights issue worldwide, to the adoption of new guidelines on female sterilization, and to a joint statement on the issue by seven UN agencies...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302159/justice-delayed-the-right-to-effective-remedy-for-victims-of-coercive-sterilization-in-the-czech-republic
#18
Claude Cahn
Tens of thousands of women were coercively sterilized in Czechoslovakia and its successor states. Romani women were particularly targeted for these measures. These practices stopped only in 2004, as a result of international pressure. Although some measures have been taken to ensure that these practices are not repeated, to date neither the Czech Republic nor Slovakia have completed the work of providing effective remedy to victims, as is their right. This article focusses on efforts in the Czech Republic. It concludes that, inter alia, an administrative mechanism is needed to provide financial compensation to victims, since the road to remedy via courts is effectively blocked...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301468/the-impact-of-job-characteristics-on-burnout-among-chinese-correctional-workers
#19
Xiaohong Jin, Ivan Y Sun, Shanhe Jiang, Yongchun Wang, Shufang Wen
Job burnout has long been recognized as a common occupational hazard among correctional workers. Although past studies have investigated the effects of job-related characteristics on correctional staff burnout in Western societies, this line of research has largely been absent from the literature on community corrections in China. Using data collected from 225 community correction workers in a Chinese province, this study assessed the effects of positive and negative job characteristics on occupational burnout...
February 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301113/factors-associated-with-trace-evidence-analyses-and-dna-findings-among-police-reported-cases-of-rape
#20
Camilla Forr, Berit Schei, Lise Eilin Stene, Kari Ormstad, Cecilie Therese Hagemann
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the association between victim, suspect and assault characteristics and (1) forensic analysis of trace evidence, (2) detection of spermatozoa and (3) DNA match in police-reported cases of rape/attempted rape. In addition, we explored whether DNA findings were associated with legal outcome. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, descriptive study based on police-reported rapes and attempted rapes of women  ≥16 years of age in Sør-Trøndelag Police District throughout 1997-2010...
December 20, 2017: Forensic Science International
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