keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

justice

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792581/victimization-and-violence-an-exploration-of-the-relationship-between-child-sexual-abuse-violence-and-delinquency
#1
Rebecca Shoaf Kozak, Melinda Gushwa, Tamara J Cadet
Child sexual abuse (CSA) continues to be a major public health issue with significant short- and long-term consequences. However, little contemporary research has examined the relationship between CSA and delinquent and violent behavior in adolescence. Children who have been sexually abused experience a unique form of victimization compared to children who have endured other forms of maltreatment, as CSA can result in feelings of shame, powerlessness and boundary violations. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of CSA on delinquent and violent behavior in adolescence...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792515/integrative-medicine-the-imperative-for-health-justice-in-the-other-side-of-the-world
#2
Mohamed K M Khalil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789893/-integration-of-sex-gender-into-environmental-health-research-results-of-the-interdisciplinary-research-network-sex-gender-environment-health-geumge-net
#3
REVIEW
Gabriele Bolte, Madlen David, Małgorzata Dębiak, Lotta Fiedel, Claudia Hornberg, Marike Kolossa-Gehring, Ute Kraus, Rebecca Lätzsch, Tatjana Paeck, Kerstin Palm, Alexandra Schneider
The comprehensive consideration of sex/gender in health research is essential to increase relevance and validity of research results. Contrary to other areas of health research, there is no systematic summary of the current state of research on the significance of sex/gender in environmental health. Within the interdisciplinary research network Sex/Gender-Environment-Health (GeUmGe-NET) the current state of integration of sex/gender aspects or, respectively, gender theoretical concepts into research was systematically assessed within selected topics of the research areas environmental toxicology, environmental medicine, environmental epidemiology and public health research on environment and health...
May 22, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788772/conceptualising-dose-in-paediatric-language-interventions-current-findings-and-future-directions
#4
Laura M Justice
Dose is a particularly important element of treatment for speech and language disorders, yet relatively little is known concerning how best to operationalise dose in clinical settings. This keynote provides an overview of dose as a theoretical and empirical concept and discusses recent findings that question whether "more is better" when treating children with language disorders. Given recent evidence showing that spaced treatments may result in optimal gains for children, I argue that low-frequency therapy sessions can be especially beneficial for children with language disorders when they are highly productive, providing children with high levels of dose...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787580/risk-behaviors-and-hiv-care-continuum-outcomes-among-criminal-justice-involved-hiv-infected-transgender-women-and-cisgender-men-data-from-the-seek-test-treat-and-retain-harmonization-initiative
#5
Curt G Beckwith, Irene Kuo, Rob J Fredericksen, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, William E Cunningham, Sandra A Springer, Kelsey B Loeliger, Julie Franks, Katerina Christopoulos, Jennifer Lorvick, Shoshana Y Kahana, Rebekah Young, David W Seal, Chad Zawitz, Joseph A Delaney, Heidi M Crane, Mary L Biggs
BACKGROUND: Transgender persons are highly victimized, marginalized, disproportionately experience incarceration, and have alarmingly increased rates of HIV infection compared to cis-gender persons. Few studies have examined the HIV care continuum outcomes among transgender women (TW), particularly TW who are involved with the criminal justice (CJ) system. METHODS: To improve our understanding of HIV care continuum outcomes and risk behaviors among HIV-infected TW who are involved with the CJ system, we analyzed data from the National Institute on Drug Abuse-supported Seek, Test, Treat, Retain (STTR) Data Harmonization Initiative...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785805/fairness-severe-intellectual-disability-and-the-special-case-of-transplantation
#6
REVIEW
Aaron Wightman, Aviva Goldberg, Douglas Diekema
Children with severe intellectual disability have historically been excluded from solid organ transplantation. The purpose of this article was to review the arguments for excluding this population, including claims of poorer recipient and graft survival, a lower QoL as pediatric recipients become adults, and poorer outcomes for other, more deserving pediatric transplant candidates, and make the case that these arguments are no longer persuasive. We will argue that pediatric transplant centers for reasons of social justice, value of relationships, power differential, and fairness should generally not consider intellectual ability or disability as a criterion when making decisions regarding organ transplant eligibility...
May 21, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783923/the-doctor-negligence-and-causation-a-lawyer-s-exposition-to-doctors-scientists-and-lawyers
#7
Alec Samuels
The brief history of causation in medicine and science. The law. Setting the scene. Negligence but no causation. Duty to warn. PROGNOSIS: Loss of opportunity. Consecutive negligence. Indivisible injury. Unknown culprits. Obstetrics. The European Court of Justice. The future.
January 1, 2018: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782576/self-represented-witnessing-the-use-of-social-media-by-asylum-seekers-in-australia-s-offshore-immigration-detention-centres
#8
Maria Rae, Rosa Holman, Amy Nethery
The act of witnessing connects audiences with distant suffering. But what happens when bearing witness becomes severely restricted? External parties, including the mainstream news media, are constrained from accessing Australia's offshore immigration detention centres. The effect is that people seeking asylum are hidden from the public and excluded from national debates. Some detainees have adopted social media as a platform to communicate their stories of flight, and their experiences of immigration detention, to a wider audience...
May 2018: Media, culture, and society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781968/infusing-social-justice-in-undergraduate-nursing-education-fostering-praxis-through-simulation
#9
Robyn Caldwell, Courtney Cochran
SCOPE OF THE PROBLEM: Forensic clinical experiences are often inconsistent in undergraduate nursing education. Nursing students are not included in the process of forensic evidence collection, often because of the sensitive nature of the situation. Unfortunately, nursing students are forced to rely on theoretical knowledge provided by the nurse educator to understand the complexities of forensic nursing care. Nursing students must be able to identify and provide appropriate nursing care for individuals in all forensic situations...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781967/qualitative-research-in-correctional-settings-researcher-bias-western-ideological-influences-and-social-justice
#10
Morgan Wadams, Tanya Park
Within correctional settings, justice, health, and academic systems overlap for forensic nurse researchers. Within an environment that stresses social control, a researcher's implicit views, perspectives, and biases can lead to altering the authentic (re)presentation of a participant's experience. Researcher bias may be influenced by predominately western ideologies and societal discourses. Qualitative methods to mitigate and raise awareness around researcher biases include bracketing, unstructured interviews, diverse peer review, thinking inductively, investigator responsiveness, and critical reflexivity...
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781965/social-justice-and-forensic-nursing
#11
Alison M Colbert, Sr Rosemary Donley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781348/risk-factors-for-absconding-among-adult-parolees-in-colorado
#12
Ráchael A Powers, Catherine Kaukinen, Norair Khachatryan
Studies that have examined absconding have pointed to the relevance of factors related to demographics, situational, and social characteristics, as well as criminal history variables as predictive of offenders' decision to abscond. This study contributes to this literature by extending factors that have been explored for criminal justice outcomes such as recidivism to predict the likelihood of absconding. In particular, this study incorporates the Level of Service Inventory-Revised (LSI-R) risk assessment instrument and types of violations to examine their impact on the likelihood of absconding...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780658/the-selective-labels-problem-evaluating-algorithmic-predictions-in-the-presence-of-unobservables
#13
Himabindu Lakkaraju, Jon Kleinberg, Jure Leskovec, Jens Ludwig, Sendhil Mullainathan
Evaluating whether machines improve on human performance is one of the central questions of machine learning. However, there are many domains where the data is selectively labeled in the sense that the observed outcomes are themselves a consequence of the existing choices of the human decision-makers. For instance, in the context of judicial bail decisions, we observe the outcome of whether a defendant fails to return for their court appearance only if the human judge decides to release the defendant on bail...
August 2017: KDD: Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779550/peer-workers-in-the-behavioral-and-integrated-health-workforce-opportunities-and-future-directions
#14
Cheryl A Gagne, Wanda L Finch, Keris J Myrick, Livia M Davis
The growth of the peer workforce in behavioral health services is bringing opportunities to organizations and institutions that serve people living with mental and substance use disorders and their families. Peer workers are defined as people in recovery from mental illness or substance use disorders or both that possess specific peer support competencies. Similar roles are identified for families of people in recovery. Peer support has been implemented in a vast range of behavioral health services, including in the relatively new use of peer support in criminal justice and emergency service environments...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779253/community-based-native-seed-production-for-restoration-in-brazil-the-role-of-science-and-policy
#15
Isabel B Schmidt, Danilo I de Urzedo, Fatima C M Piña-Rodrigues, Daniel L M Vieira, Gustavo M de Rezende, Alexandre B Sampaio, Rodrigo G P Junqueira
Large-scale restoration programs in the tropics require large volumes of high quality, genetically diverse and locally adapted seeds from large number of species. However, scarcity of native seeds is a critical restriction to achieve restoration targets. In this paper, we analyze three successful community-based networks that supply native seeds and seedlings for Brazilian Amazon and Cerrado restoration projects. In addition, we propose directions to promote local participation, legal, technical and commercialization issues for upscaling the market of native seeds for restoration with high quality and social justice...
May 20, 2018: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779064/sex-offender-risk-assessment-where-are-we-and-where-are-we-going
#16
REVIEW
L Maaike Helmus
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Risk assessment is one of the most ubiquitous tasks in the criminal justice system, informing virtually every decision made about offenders. This review, intended for researchers and practitioners, outlines some of the most important recent advances, emerging issues, and recommendations in sex offender risk assessment. RECENT FINDINGS: The underlying nature and purpose of risk scales is reviewed, with implications for how we should evaluate them...
May 19, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778259/five-questions-concerning-managing-hepatitis-c-in-the-justice-system-finding-practical-solutions-for-hepatitis-c-virus-elimination
#17
REVIEW
Anne C Spaulding, Madeline G Adee, Robert T Lawrence, Jagpreet Chhatwal, William von Oehsen
An estimated 30% of Americans with hepatitis C virus (HCV) pass through a jail or prison annually. One in 7 incarcerated persons is viremic. Screening and treatment is cost-effective and beneficial to society as a whole. Yet at current (2018) levels of funding for HCV management, prisons are not aggressively seeking cases; few incarcerated persons with HCV actually receive treatment. This article explores barriers to screening for and treating hepatitis C in state prisons, and ways that states may overcome these barriers, such as nominal pricing...
June 2018: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777368/organizational-context-and-individual-adaptability-in-promoting-perceived-importance-and-use-of-best-practices-for-substance-use
#18
Danica K Knight, George W Joe, David T Morse, Corey Smith, Hannah Knudsen, Ingrid Johnson, Gail A Wasserman, Nancy Arrigona, Larkin S McReynolds, Jennifer E Becan, Carl Leukefeld, Tisha R A Wiley
This study examines associations among organizational context, staff attributes, perceived importance, and use of best practices among staff in community-based, juvenile justice (JJ) agencies. As part of the National Institute on Drug Abuse's Juvenile Justice-Translational Research on Interventions for Adolescents in the Legal System (JJ-TRIALS) study, 492 staff from 36 JJ agencies were surveyed about the perceived importance and use of best practices within their organization in five substance use practice domains: screening, assessment, standard referral, active referral, and treatment support...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776978/ethical-arguments-for-access-to-abortion-services-in-the-republic-of-ireland-recent-developments-in-the-public-discourse
#19
Joan McCarthy, Katherine O'Donnell, Louise Campbell, Dolores Dooley
The Republic of Ireland has some of the most restrictive abortion legislation in the world which grants to the 'unborn' an equal right to life to that of the pregnant woman. This article outlines recent developments in the public discourse on abortion in Ireland and explains the particular cultural and religious context that informs the ethical case for access to abortion services. Our perspective rests on respect for two very familiar moral principles - autonomy and justice - which are at the centre of social and democratic societies around the world...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776415/suicide-prevention-gatekeeper-training-in-the-netherlands-improves-gatekeepers-knowledge-of-suicide-prevention-and-their-confidence-to-discuss-suicidality-an-observational-study
#20
Sanne Terpstra, Aartjan Beekman, Jens Abbing, Sabine Jaken, Martin Steendam, Renske Gilissen
BACKGROUND: The gatekeeper training is designed to help identify suicidal individuals, respond to suicidal ideation and refer to help. The internationally widely used training shows promising results. This is the first study presenting its effectiveness in the Netherlands and the first study investigating the effect in different employment sectors. METHODS: In an observational study, 113 Suicide Prevention - the Dutch suicide prevention expertise centre and lifeline - trained 526 professionals as gatekeepers...
May 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
keyword
keyword
54790
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"