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Industrial pollution health

Ojekunle Z O, Jinadu O O E, Afolabi T A, Taiwo A M
This study aimed at assessing the environmental pollution and related hazards of industries at Agbara, Ogun State, Nigeria. A total of five sampling points were identified and selected at random. Environmental samples were collected on a weekly basis for duration of 10 weeks. Air pollutants measured were CO2 , CO, NO, NOx , VOCs, H2 S, SO2 , NH3 , PM2.5 andPM10 using standard procedure. Dust and plant samples were also collected and analyzed for heavy metals (Pb, Cr, Cd, Cu and Zn) using the Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS)...
April 24, 2018: Scientific Reports
Hui Wang, Ke Xue, Ping Li, Yuyun Yang, Zixu He, Wei Zhang, Wen Zhang, Bo Tang
Severe atmospheric haze caused by industrial pollution has severely affected human health and led to the increasing incidence of cardiopulmonary diseases, including pneumonia. Conventional methods for diagnosis of pneumonia are complicated and tedious, and current clinical imaging techniques might cause organ injuries to some extent. Therefore, an accurate, fast, and intact imaging method must be developed to diagnose pneumonia in the early stages. In this study, we propose a new two-photon fluorescence probe, named as ASPC, for detection of the activity of the inflammatory biomarker LTA4H through specific recognition and cleavage of amides containing the unnatural amino acid L-AspBzl...
April 23, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Sai Sandeep Singh Rowdhwal, Jiaxiang Chen
Di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) is extensively used as a plasticizer in many products, especially medical devices, furniture materials, cosmetics, and personal care products. DEHP is noncovalently bound to plastics, and therefore, it will leach out of these products after repeated use, heating, and/or cleaning of the products. Due to the overuse of DEHP in many products, it enters and pollutes the environment through release from industrial settings and plastic waste disposal sites. DEHP can enter the body through inhalation, ingestion, and dermal contact on a daily basis, which has raised some concerns about its safety and its potential effects on human health...
2018: BioMed Research International
Xufeng Fei, Zhaohan Lou, George Christakos, Zhouqiao Ren, Qingmin Liu, Xiaonan Lv
Stomach cancer (SC) is a severe health burden, with nearly half of the world's cases found in China. Noticeably, the emissions of heavy metals into the environment have increased alongside rapid urbanization and industrialization in China. However, as regards carcinogenic associations, the relationship between heavy metals and SC is yet unclear. Based on 9378 newly diagnosed SC cases in Hangzhou City from 2009 to 2012, this work is concerned with the quantitative characterization of the spatial distribution pattern of SC incidence and its geographical association with soil heavy metals by means of a novel geographical model...
April 20, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Jianfei Shuai, Sunshin Kim, Hyeonsu Ryu, Jinhyeon Park, Chae Kwan Lee, Geun-Bae Kim, Venecio U Ultra, Wonho Yang
BACKGROUND: Studying human health in areas with industrial contamination is a serious and complex issue. In recent years, attention has increasingly focused on the health implications of large industrial complexes. A variety of potential toxic chemicals have been produced during manufacturing processes and activities in industrial complexes in South Korea. A large number of dyeing industries gathered together in Daegu dyeing industrial complex. The residents near the industrial complex could be often exposed to volatile organic compounds...
April 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
Raoul S Liévanos
The California Community Environmental Health Screening Tool (CalEnviroScreen) advances research and policy pertaining to environmental health vulnerability. However, CalEnviroScreen departs from its historical foundations and comparable screening tools by no longer considering racial status as an indicator of environmental health vulnerability and predictor of cumulative pollution burden. This study used conceptual frameworks and analytical techniques from environmental health and inequality literature to address the limitations of CalEnviroScreen, especially its inattention to race-based environmental health vulnerabilities...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Cindy L Russell
The popularity, widespread use and increasing dependency on wireless technologies has spawned a telecommunications industrial revolution with increasing public exposure to broader and higher frequencies of the electromagnetic spectrum to transmit data through a variety of devices and infrastructure. On the horizon, a new generation of even shorter high frequency 5G wavelengths is being proposed to power the Internet of Things (IoT). The IoT promises us convenient and easy lifestyles with a massive 5G interconnected telecommunications network, however, the expansion of broadband with shorter wavelength radiofrequency radiation highlights the concern that health and safety issues remain unknown...
April 11, 2018: Environmental Research
S Sciuto, M Prearo, R Desiato, C Bulfon, E A V Burioli, G Esposito, C Guglielmetti, L Dell'atti, G Ru, D Volpatti, P L Acutis, F Martucci
Fish consumption is the principal source of intake of organochlorinated compounds in humans. Compared with other types of foods of animal origin, fish contain the highest levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polychlorinated dibenzo- p-dioxins, and polychlorinated dibenzofurans, all of which are classified as highly toxic organochlorine compounds. Currently, lakes and fish farms in northern Italy are not regularly monitored for PCBs and dioxins in areas contaminated by industrial sources, partially because of the high costs of traditional analytical methods that limit the number of samples to be analyzed...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
Nikita P Lotlikar, Samir R Damare, Ram Murti Meena, P Linsy, Brenda Mascarenhas
Chromium (Cr) released from industrial units such as tanneries, textile and electroplating industries is detrimental to the surrounding ecosystems and human health. The focus of the present study was to check the Cr(VI) removal efficiency by marine-derived fungi from liquid broth. Amongst the three Cr(VI) tolerant isolates, #NIOSN-SK56-S19 ( Aspergillus sydowii ) showed Cr-removal efficiency of 0.01 mg Cr mg-1 biomass resulting in 26% abatement of total Cr with just 2.8 mg of biomass produced during the growth in 300 ppm Cr(VI)...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Microbiology
F Rastmanesh, S Safaie, A R Zarasvandi, M Edraki
The ecological health of rivers has often been threatened in urbanized catchments due to the expansion of industrial activities and the population growth. Khorramabad River which flows through Khorramabad city, west of Iran, is an example of such settings. The river water is used for agricultural purposes downstream. In this study, the effect of Khorramabad city on heavy metal and metalloid (Cu, Pb, Zn, Ni, Cr, and As) loads in Khorramabad River sediments was investigated. To evaluate sediment pollution and potential adverse biological effects, surface sediment samples were collected at selected locations along the river and were characterized for their geochemical properties...
April 11, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Sanghyuk Bae, Jonghyuk Choi, Geunbae Kim, Sanghwan Song, Mina Ha, Hojang Kwon
The industrial complexes built during the course of economic development in South Korea played a pivotal role in the country's rapid economic growth. However, this growth was accompanied by health problems due to the pollutants released from the industrial complexes inevitably located near residential areas, given the limited land area available in South Korea. This study was conducted to evaluate the exposure to each pollutant emanating from industrial complexes for residents living in nearby areas, and to determine the substances requiring priority attention in future surveys...
March 3, 2018: Environmental Health and Toxicology
Andrei Vinogradov, Stanislav Petriashin
This article explores interactions between the chemical industry, the environment, and Russian provincial society in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, using the example of the Kokshan chemical works, in the Elabuga District, Viatka Province, Russian Empire (today Mendeleevsk District, Republic of Tatarstan, Russian Federation). The plant's location facilitated its rapid development due to a number of factors, including a cheap labour force, the availability of raw materials, and the absence of local competition...
April 9, 2018: Ambix
Nadeem Ali, Iqbal Mohammad Ibrahim Ismail, Mohammad W Kadi, Hussain Mohammed Salem Ali Albar
Indoor settled dust particles are considered as an important source of human exposure to chemicals such as organophosphate flame retardants (PFRs). In recent decades the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) has experienced tremendous growth in population, as a result the number of masjids has also increased significantly to provide sufficient space for the public to offer prayers. The hospitality industry in KSA is also expanding to cater for the ever-increasing number of pilgrims visiting the two holy cities of the kingdom...
April 9, 2018: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
Nan Jiang, Qiang Li, Fangcheng Su, Qun Wang, Xue Yu, Panru Kang, Ruiqin Zhang, Xiaoyan Tang
PM2.5 samples were collected in Zhengzhou during 3years of observation, and chemical characteristics and source contribution were analyzed. Approximately 96% of the daily PM2.5 concentrations and annual average values exceeded the Chinese National Ambient Air Quality Daily and Annual Standards, indicating serious PM2.5 pollution. The average concentration of water-soluble inorganic ions was 2.4 times higher in heavily polluted days (daily PM2.5 concentrations>250μg/m3 and visibility <3km) than that in other days, with sulfate, nitrate, and ammonium as major ions...
April 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Margaux Sanchez, Albert Ambros, Carles Milà, Maëlle Salmon, Kalpana Balakrishnan, Sankar Sambandam, V Sreekanth, Julian D Marshall, Cathryn Tonne
Land-use regression (LUR) has been used to model local spatial variability of particulate matter in cities of high-income countries. Performance of LUR models is unknown in less urbanized areas of low-/middle-income countries (LMICs) experiencing complex sources of ambient air pollution and which typically have limited land use data. To address these concerns, we developed LUR models using satellite imagery (e.g., vegetation, urbanicity) and manually-collected data from a comprehensive built-environment survey (e...
April 4, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Samah R Khalil, Hesham A Khalifa, Sabry M Abdel-Motal, Hesham H Mohammed, Yaser H A Elewa, Hend Atta Mahmoud
Heavy metals are well known as environmental pollutants with hazardous impacts on human and animal health because of their wide industrial usage. In the present study, the role of Spirulina platensis in reversing the oxidative stress-mediated brain injury elicited by lead acetate exposure was evaluated. In order to accomplish this aim, rats were orally administered with 300 mg/kg bw Spirulina for 15 d, before and simultaneously with an intraperitoneal injection of 50 mg/kg bw lead acetate [6 injections through the two weeks]...
April 3, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Maximilian Andreas Storz
With Earth Overshoot Day having recently passed, there is no space for complacency regarding taking care of our planet. On August 2, 2017, humanity used nature's resource budget for the entire year. For decades, we have lived far beyond our means by overexploiting natural resources and spewing pollution, such as microplastics and industrial chemicals, into our environment. On the other hand, public awareness of human-induced climate change has also increased since the 1980s. The frequent media coverage about extreme weather conditions and natural disasters, such as Hurricane Irma in 2017, serves as an important reminder that anthropogenic climate change is happening now...
March 12, 2018: Permanente Journal
Vinicius Bermond Marques, Rodrigo Alves Faria, Leonardo Dos Santos
Organotins (OTs) are pollutants that are used widely by industry as disinfectants, pesticides, and most frequently as biocides in antifouling paints. This mini-review presents the main evidences from the literature about morphophysiological changes induced by OTs in the mammal endocrine system, focusing on the metabolism and reproductive control. Similar to other toxic compounds, the main effects with potential health risks to humans and experimental animals are not only related to dose and time of exposure but also to age, gender, and tissue/cell exposed...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Euiyeon Lee, Hyunjin Jeon, Chungwon Kang, Seonock Woo, Seungshic Yum, Youngeun Kwon
Environmental pollution by various industrial chemicals and biological agents poses serious risks to human health. Especially, marine contamination by potentially toxic elements (PTEs) has become a global concern in recent years. Many efforts have been undertaken to monitor the PTE contamination of the aquatic environment. However, there are few approaches available to assess the PTE exposure of aquatic organisms. In this research, we developed a strategy to evaluate the heavy metal exposure of marine organisms, by measuring the expression levels of metallothionein protein derived from Oryzias javanicus (OjaMT)...
April 2, 2018: Sensors
Rafaela S Andre, Dongwook Kwak, Qiuchen Dong, Wei Zhong, Daniel S Correa, Luiz H C Mattoso, Yu Lei
Ammonia (NH₃) gas is a prominent air pollutant that is frequently found in industrial and livestock production environments. Due to the importance in controlling pollution and protecting public health, the development of new platforms for sensing NH₃ at room temperature has attracted great attention. In this study, a sensitive NH₃ gas device with enhanced selectivity is developed based on zinc oxide nanofibers (ZnO NFs) decorated with poly(styrene sulfonate) (PSS) and operated at room temperature. ZnO NFs were prepared by electrospinning followed by calcination at 500 °C for 3 h...
April 1, 2018: Sensors
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