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Industrial pollution health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226256/endocrine-and-cellular-stress-effects-of-zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-and-nifedipine-in-marsh-frogs-pelophylax-ridibundus
#1
Halina Falfushynska, Lesya Gnatyshyna, Oksana Horyn, Inna Sokolova, Oksana Stoliar
Freshwater organisms including amphibians experience increasing exposures to emerging pollutants such as nanoparticles and pharmaceuticals, which can affect their fitness and performance. We studied the effects of two common pollutants extensively used in industry, pharmaceutical and personal care products, nano-zinc oxide (nZnO) and a Ca-channel blocker nifedipine (Nfd), on endocrine status and cellular stress markers of the marsh frog Pelophylax ridibundus. Males were exposed for 14days to nZnO (3.1μM), Zn(2+) (3...
February 8, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219320/microorganism-and-agricultural-based-biosorbents-towards-removal-of-cadmium-from-waste-water-an-overview
#2
Souvik Pal, Subhankar Mukherjee, Nabarun Bhattacharyya
BACKGROUND: Non-degradable and persistent nature of Cadmium (Cd) poses high toxicity to human, plants and animals. Several industrial processes generated wastes are the main anthropogenic pathway through which Cd enters into the environment. Although, World Health Organization (WHO) has set the limit of Cd in drinking water is 0.005 mg L-1, the industrial activities release much higher concentrations of metal ions to the water stream than the prescribed limits, which leads to the increasing health hazards and environmental pollution...
February 20, 2017: Recent Patents on Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217711/source-attribution-of-poly-and-perfluoroalkyl-substances-pfass-in-surface-waters-from-rhode-island-and-the-new-york-metropolitan-area
#3
Xianming Zhang, Rainer Lohmann, Clifton Dassuncao, Xindi C Hu, Andrea K Weber, Chad D Vecitis, Elsie M Sunderland
Exposure to poly and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) has been associated with adverse health effects in humans and wildlife. Understanding pollution sources is essential for environmental regulation but source attribution for PFASs has been confounded by limited information on industrial releases and rapid changes in chemical production. Here we use principal component analysis (PCA), hierarchical clustering, and geospatial analysis to understand source contributions to 14 PFASs measured across 37 sites in the Northeastern United States in 2014...
September 13, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216654/performance-kinetic-and-biodegradation-pathway-evaluation-of-anaerobic-fixed-film-fixed-bed-reactor-in-removing-phthalic-acid-esters-from-wastewater
#4
Ehsan Ahmadi, Samira Yousefzadeh, Mohsen Ansari, Hamid Reza Ghaffari, Ali Azari, Mohammad Miri, Alireza Mesdaghinia, Ramin Nabizadeh, Babak Kakavandi, Peyman Ahmadi, Mojtaba Yegane Badi, Mitra Gholami, Kiomars Sharafi, Mostafa Karimaei, Mahboobeh Ghoochani, Masoud Binesh Brahmand, Seyed Mohsen Mohseni, Maryam Sarkhosh, Soheila Rezaei, Hosseinali Asgharnia, Emad Dehghanifard, Behdad Jafari, Alireza Mortezapour, Vahid Kazemi Moghaddam, Mohammad Molla Mahmoudi, Nader Taghipour
Emerging and hazardous environmental pollutants like phthalic acid esters (PAEs) are one of the recent concerns worldwide. PAEs are considered to have diverse endocrine disrupting effects on human health. Industrial wastewater has been reported as an important environment with high concentrations of PAEs. In the present study, four short-chain PAEs including diallyl phthalate (DAP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), dimethyl phthalate (DMP), and phthalic acid (PA) were selected as a substrate for anaerobic fixed film fixed bed reactor (AnFFFBR)...
February 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215483/investigating-the-relationship-between-environmental-factors-and-respiratory-health-outcomes-in-school-children-using-the-forced-oscillation-technique
#5
Jonathon Boeyen, Anna C Callan, David Blake, Amanda J Wheeler, Peter Franklin, Graham L Hall, Claire Shackleton, Peter D Sly, Andrea Hinwood
The environmental factors which may affect children's respiratory health are complex, and the influence and significance of factors such as traffic, industry and presence of vegetation is still being determined. We undertook a cross-sectional study of 360 school children aged 5-12 years who lived on the outskirts of a heavy industrial area in Western Australia to investigate the effect of a range of environmental factors on respiratory health using the forced oscillation technique (FOT), a non-invasive method that allows for the assessment of the resistive and reactive properties of the respiratory system...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193558/allergic-disease-associations-with-regional-and-localized-estimates-of-air-pollution
#6
Amy A Schultz, Jamie J Schauer, Kristen Mc Malecki
BACKGROUND: Exposure to multiple types of air pollution may contribute to and exacerbate allergic diseases including asthma and wheezing. However, few studies have examined chronic air pollution exposure and allergic disease outcomes among an adult population. Associations between potential estimates of annual average fine particulate matter (PM2.5), traffic related air pollution, and industrial source air emissions and three allergic disease outcomes (asthma, allergies and wheezing) were examined in a state-wide general population of adults...
February 10, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189072/modeling-the-intraurban-variation-in-nitrogen-dioxide-in-urban-areas-in-kathmandu-valley-nepal
#7
Anobha Gurung, Jonathan I Levy, Michelle L Bell
BACKGROUND: With growing urbanization, traffic has become one of the main sources of air pollution in Nepal. Understanding the impact of air pollution on health requires estimation of exposure. Land use regression (LUR) modeling is widely used to investigate intraurban variation in air pollution for Western cities, but LUR models are relatively scarce in developing countries. In this study, we developed LUR models to characterize intraurban variation of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) in urban areas of Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, one of the fastest urbanizing areas in South Asia...
February 8, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185221/waste-dumpsites-and-public-health-a-case-for-lead-exposure-in-zimbabwe-and-potential-global-implications
#8
Tsanangurayi Tongesayi, Jameson Kugara, Sunungurai Tongesayi
Most waste sites in Zimbabwe are not sanitary landfills but open dumps that indiscriminately receive waste from municipalities, industries, commercial establishments, and social services establishments. People, including children, who eke out a living through scavenging the dumps expose themselves to environmental pollutants at the dumps via inadvertent ingestion and inhalation of contaminated dust, and dermal absorption. The public is potentially being exposed to a slew of the pollutants via air, water, and food, all contaminated by uncontrolled leachates and aerially deposited dust and particulates from the sites...
February 9, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166074/airborne-particulate-matter-and-health-condition-in-brick-kiln-workers-in-kathmandu-valley-nepal
#9
S Sanjel, S N Khanal, S M Thygerson, K Khanal, Z Pun, S Tamang, S K Joshi
Background Air quality monitoring in brick kilns indicates very high concentrations of airborne particulate matter. Air pollution from brick kilns poses an enhanced threat to the environment and to human health. Objective To evaluate airborne particulate matter concentration and health status of brick kiln workers. Method A cross-sectional comparative study was conducted in the Kathmandu valley targeting all brick industries and their workers during January - March 2015 and March - April 2016. A total of 16 brick kilns and 800 participants (400 brick workers as exposed and 400 grocery workers as referent) were selected for study...
April 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160538/fine-and-ultrafine-aerosol-in-ostrava-ambient-air
#10
Karel Lach, Karel Klouda, Vladimír Mička, Lucie Hellebrandová
Air quality in the Moravian-Silesian Region and especially in the Ostrava agglomeration represents a very important factor influencing the environment and health of the local population. The area has been burdend for more than two centuries with rapid development of the mining industry and related metallurgical and chemical production. As a result, hundreds of tons of pollutants have progressively been released into the atmosphere. Some of them have been gradually eliminated from the environment; others, such as some heavy metals, remain locally present and burden the local landscape...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160536/impact-of-air-pollution-to-genome-of-newborns
#11
Radim J Šrám, Pavel Rössner, Andrea Rössnerová, Miroslav Dostál, Alena Milcová, Vlasta Švecová, Jana Pulkrabová, Jana Hajšlová, Miloš Velemínský
The Northern Moravia Region is the most polluted region in the Czech Republic by particulate matter (PM2.5) and carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (c-PAHs) as benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) by heavy industry and local heating. This specific situation was used to study the impact of air pollution on newborns in the exposed Karviná district and control district of České Budějovice. Biological material from newborns and mothers was collected in summer and winter seasons. This project is highly detailed, analyzing the concentrations of PAHs in ambient air and diet, in human breast milk, in the urine of mothers and newborns, using biomarkers of genetic damage as DNA adducts and gene expression analysis, biomarkers of oxidative stress as 8-oxodG adducts and lipid peroxidation (15-F2t-isoprostane immunoassay)...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160533/a-summary-of-environmental-health-studies-in-the-city-of-ostrava-and-the-surrounding-region-in-the-czech-republic
#12
Hana Tomášková, Ivan Tomášek, Pavla Polaufová, Hana Šlachtová, Jana Janoutová, Vítězslav Jiřík, Vladimír Janout
AIM: This study is concerned with environmental health studies conducted in Ostrava (Czech Republic) and the surrounding region since the early nineties. METHODS: Various databases, journals and reports, including internal or unpublished reports, were reviewed to assess the individual publications. A brief description of the studies and main results were collated. RESULTS: The city of Ostrava and the surrounding region is an important industrial centre in the Czech Republic with a long-term heavy environmental and occupational disease burden...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135667/phytoextraction-of-toxic-trace-elements-by-sorghum-bicolor-inoculated-with-streptomyces-pactum-act12-in-contaminated-soils
#13
Amjad Ali, Di Guo, Amanullah Mahar, Ping Wang, Fang Ma, Feng Shen, Ronghua Li, Zengqiang Zhang
The increasing industrial, mining and agricultural activities have intensified the release of potential toxic trace elements (PTEs), which are of great concern to human health and environment. The alarming increase in PTEs concentration, stress the need for biotechnological remediation approaches. In order to assist phytoextraction of PTEs, different combinations of Streptomyces pactum (Act12) with biochar were applied to mining and industrial polluted soils of Shaanxi and Hunan Provinces of China, respectively...
January 27, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126434/adult-atopic-dermatitis-and-exposure-to-air-pollutants-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#14
Kuo-Tung Tang, Kai-Chen Ku, Der-Yuan Chen, Ching-Heng Lin, Ben-Jei Tsuang, Yi-Hsing Chen
BACKGROUND: There is a trend toward an increased worldwide prevalence of allergic diseases. It is speculated that industrialization with resultant air pollution plays a role. However, there are sparse epidemiologic data on the relation between air pollution and atopic dermatitis (AD) in adults. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation between exposure to air pollutants and adult AD in a cross-sectional study based on data from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan...
January 23, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126280/multivariate-statistical-evaluation-of-dissolved-trace-elements-and-a-water-quality-assessment-in-the-middle-reaches-of-huaihe-river-anhui-china
#15
Jie Wang, Guijian Liu, Houqi Liu, Paul K S Lam
A total of 211 water samples were collected from 53 key sampling points from 5-10th July 2013 at four different depths (0m, 2m, 4m, 8m) and at different sites in the Huaihe River, Anhui, China. These points monitored for 18 parameters (water temperature, pH, TN, TP, TOC, Cu, Pb, Zn, Ni, Co, Cr, Cd, Mn, B, Fe, Al, Mg, and Ba). The spatial variability, contamination sources and health risk of trace elements as well as the river water quality were investigated. Our results were compared with national (CSEPA) and international (WHO, USEPA) drinking water guidelines, revealing that Zn, Cd and Pb were the dominant pollutants in the water body...
January 23, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125059/racial-differences-in-perceptions-of-air-pollution-health-risk-does-environmental-exposure-matter
#16
Jayajit Chakraborty, Timothy W Collins, Sara E Grineski, Alejandra Maldonado
This article extends environmental risk perception research by exploring how potential health risk from exposure to industrial and vehicular air pollutants, as well as other contextual and socio-demographic factors, influence racial/ethnic differences in air pollution health risk perception. Our study site is the Greater Houston metropolitan area, Texas, USA-a racially/ethnically diverse area facing high levels of exposure to pollutants from both industrial and transportation sources. We integrate primary household-level survey data with estimates of excess cancer risk from ambient exposure to industrial and on-road mobile source emissions of air toxics obtained from the U...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117355/a-10-year-observation-of-pm2-5-bound-nickel-in-xi-an-china-effects-of-source-control-on-its-trend-and-associated-health-risks
#17
Hongmei Xu, Steven Sai Hang Ho, Junji Cao, Benjamin Guinot, Haidong Kan, Zhenxing Shen, Kin Fai Ho, Suixin Liu, Zhuzi Zhao, Jianjun Li, Ningning Zhang, Chongshu Zhu, Qian Zhang, Rujin Huang
This study presents the first long term (10-year period, 2004-2013) datasets of PM2.5-bound nickel (Ni) concentration obtained from the daily sample in urban of Xi'an, Northwestern China. The Ni concentration trend, pollution sources, and the potential health risks associated to Ni were investigated. The Ni concentrations increased from 2004 to 2008, but then decreased due to coal consumption reduction, energy structure reconstruction, tighter emission rules and the improvement of the industrial and motor vehicle waste control techniques...
January 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111723/removal-of-elevated-level-of-chromium-in-groundwater-by-the-fabricated-pani-fe3o4-nanocomposites
#18
Aruna Ramachandran, T Prasankumar, S Sivaprakash, Biny R Wiston, Santhosh Biradar, Sujin Jose
In this work, we report the reduction of chromium concentration in the polluted groundwater samples from Madurai Kamaraj University area, India, where the dissolved salts in groundwater are reported as serious health hazards for its inhabitants. The water samples have intolerable amounts of total dissolved solids (TDS) and chromium is a prominent pollutant among them. Chromium reduction was achieved by treating the polluted groundwater with PANI/Fe3O4 nanocomposites synthesized by in situ polymerization method...
January 22, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110016/spatial-characteristics-of-urinary-btex-concentrations-in-the-general-population
#19
Xanthi Tsangari, Xanthi D Andrianou, Agapios Agapiou, Pawel Mochalski, Konstantinos C Makris
Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, o-, m-, and p-xylenes (BTEX) are ubiquitous outdoor and indoor air pollutants associated with both environmental and health effects. The objective of this exploratory study was to determine the magnitude and variability of urinary BTEX levels among residents of two areas located in the same city (Nicosia, Cyprus). The two areas differed with respect to their proximity to an industrial cluster and an intercity-highway. First morning urine voids were collected during a random campaign from selected households in the two urban areas (n = 48)...
January 8, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110005/concentrations-sources-and-human-health-risk-of-inhalation-exposure-to-air-toxics-in-edmonton-canada
#20
Md Aynul Bari, Warren B Kindzierski
With concern about levels of air pollutants in recent years in the Capital Region of Alberta, an investigation of ambient concentrations, sources and potential human health risk of hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) or air toxics was undertaken in the City of Edmonton over a 5-year period (2009-2013). Mean concentrations of individual HAPs in ambient air including volatile organic compounds (VOCs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and trace metals ranged from 0.04 to 1.73 μg/m(3), 0.01-0.54 ng/m(3), and 0...
January 7, 2017: Chemosphere
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