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Industrial pollution health

Tahir Rasheed, Muhammad Bilal, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Hongbo Hu, Wei Wang, Xuehong Zhang
Owing to the ever-increasing environmental and health impacts associated with the discharge of dye-based effluents, effective remediation of industrial waste has become a top priority for the industrialists and environmental fraternity, around the world. In this context, plant-based peroxidases represent a suitable bio-remediating agent for the effective treatment of original dyes or dye-based colored wastewater effluents. In the present study, horseradish peroxidase was entrapped on a polyacrylamide gel and investigated its potential for the degradation and detoxification of an azo dye, methyl orange...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Michael B Hadley, Jill Baumgartner, Rajesh Vedanthan
Nearly 3 billion people are exposed to household air pollution emitted from inefficient cooking and heating stoves, and almost the entire global population is exposed to detectable levels of outdoor air pollution from traffic, industry, and other sources. Over 3 million people die annually of ischemic heart disease or stroke attributed to air pollution, more than from traditional cardiac risk factors such as obesity, diabetes mellitus, or smoking. Clinicians have a role to play in reducing the burden of pollution-attributable cardiovascular disease...
February 13, 2018: Circulation
Surajbhan Sevda, T R Sreekishnan, Narcís Pous, Sebastià Puig, Deepak Pant
Fresh water is a fundamental source for humans, hence the recent shrinkage in freshwater and increase in water pollution are imperative problems that vigorously affect the people and the environment worldwide. The breakneck industrialization contributes to the procreation of substantial abundance of wastewater and its treatment becomes highly indispensable. Perchlorate and nitrate containing wastewaters poses a serious threat to human health and environment. Conventional biological treatment methods are expensive and also not effective for treating wastewater effectively and incapable of in situ bioremediation...
February 6, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Rachit Kashyap, K S Verma, Sanjay Kr Uniyal, S K Bhardwaj
The study focused on analyzing concentrations of metal(loid)s, their geospatial distribution in groundwater around an industrial hub of northern India. Human health risk posed due to the intake of contaminated groundwater was also evaluated. For this, 240 samples were assayed using inductively coupled plasma emission spectrophotometer. For risk assessment, the methodology proposed by US Environmental Protection Agency was adopted. Geometric mean of Al, As, Mo, Cd, Co, Cr, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, Se, and Zn was 193...
February 12, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
WeiJian Liu, YunSong Xu, WenXin Liu, QingYang Liu, ShuangYu Yu, Yang Liu, Xin Wang, Shu Tao
Emissions of air pollutants from primary and secondary sources in China are considerably higher than those in developed countries, and exposure to air pollution is main risk of public health. Identifying specific particulate matter (PM) compositions and sources are essential for policy makers to propose effective control measures for pollutant emissions. Ambient PM2.5 samples covered a whole year were collected from three coastal cities of the Bohai Sea. Oxidative potential (OP) was selected as the indicator to characterize associated PM compositions and sources most responsible for adverse impacts on human health...
February 8, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Jinghong Gao, Sari Kovats, Sotiris Vardoulakis, Paul Wilkinson, Alistair Woodward, Jing Li, Shaohua Gu, Xiaobo Liu, Haixia Wu, Jun Wang, Xiaoqin Song, Yunkai Zhai, Jie Zhao, Qiyong Liu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Public health co-benefits from curbing climate change can make greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation strategies more attractive and increase their implementation. The purpose of this systematic review is to summarize the evidence of these health co-benefits to improve our understanding of the mitigation measures involved, potential mechanisms, and relevant uncertainties. METHODS: A comprehensive search for peer-reviewed studies published in English was conducted using the primary electronic databases...
January 29, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
N Harikrishnan, A Chandrasekaran, R Ravisankar, R Alagarsamy
A rapid urbanization and industrialization enhances the significant heavy metal pollution in the sediments of coastal area and introduced a serious threat to the human health. In the present study, concentration of heavy metals such as Al, Ti, Fe, V, Cr, Mn, Co, Zn, La, Pb, Mg, Ca, Ni, Cd and Ba are determined in sediments along Periyakalapet to Parangaipettai coastal area, Tamilnadu using energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (EDXRF).These metals have more affinity to establish metallic bond with ferrous material leading to enhancement of sediment magnetic susceptibility...
January 31, 2018: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Mehdi Varmaghani, Abbas Kebriaeezadeh, Farshad Sharifi, Ali Sheidaei, Arash Rashidian, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Roozbeh Naghshin, Mostafa Moin, Parinaz Mehdipour, Elham Heidari, Kimiya Gohari, Nazila Rezaei, Rosa Haghshenas, Farzad Kompani, Farshad Farzadfar
BACKGROUND: Asthma and COPD could be considered as a major health problem in industrialized and developing countries. The present study was designed to analyze the trends of mortality from asthma and COPD at national and sub-national levels in Iran based on national death registry, from 2001 to 2015. METHODS: We used Death Registration System (DRS) as the basic source of data. DRS data were available from 1995 to 2010 in Iran's Ministry of Health. Although, Tehran and Isfahan, two most populated cities in Iran, had independent death registry systems in their cemeteries, by combining their data we achieved more comprehensive and representative data on death among Iranian people...
February 5, 2018: Clinical Respiratory Journal
Kaishan Jiao, Mengjia Xu, Meng Liu
BACKGROUND: China is experiencing environmental issues and related health effects due to its industrialization and urbanization. The health effects associated with air pollution are not just a matter of epidemiology and environmental science research, but also an important social science issue. Literature about the relationship of socioeconomic factors with the environment and health factors is inadequate. The relationship between air pollution exposure and health effects in China was investigated with consideration of the socioeconomic factors...
February 5, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Hans Orru, Jane Idavain, Mihkel Pindus, Kati Orru, Kaisa Kesanurm, Aavo Lang, Jelena Tomasova
Eastern Estonia has large oil shale mines and industrial facilities mainly focused on electricity generation from oil shale and shale oil extraction, which produce high air pollution emissions. The "Study of the health impact of the oil shale sector-SOHOS" was aimed at identifying the impacts on residents' health and annoyance due to the industrial processing. First, a population-wide survey about health effects and annoyance was carried out. Second, the total and oil shale sectors' emitted concentrations of benzene, phenol, and PM2...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Nikolaos Zirogiannis, Alex J Hollingsworth, David M Konisky
We analyze excess emissions from industrial facilities in Texas using data from the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality. Emissions are characterized as excess if they are beyond a facility's permitted levels and if they occur during startups, shutdowns, or malfunctions. We provide summary data on both the pollutants most often emitted as excess emissions and the industrial sectors and facilities responsible for those emissions. Excess emissions often represent a substantial share of a facility's routine (or permitted) emissions...
January 27, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Sang-Yong Eom, Sanghyuk Bae, Ji-Ae Lim, Guen-Bae Kim, Seung-Do Yu, Yangho Kim, Hyun-Sul Lim, Bu-Soon Son, Domyung Paek, Yong-Dae Kim, Heon Kim, Mina Ha, Ho-Jang Kwon
Several epidemiological studies have reported an association between environmental pollution and various health conditions in individuals residing in industrial complexes. To evaluate the effects of pollution from industrial complex on human health, we performed a pooled analysis of environmental epidemiologic monitoring data for residents living near national industrial complexes in Korea. The respiratory and allergic symptoms and the prevalence of acute and chronic diseases, including cancer, were used as the outcome variables for health effects...
January 16, 2018: Environmental Health and Toxicology
Letizia Ambrosio, Rosario Russo, Anna Maria Salzano, Francesco Paolo Serpe, Andrea Ariano, Nunziatina De Tommasi, Fabrizio Dal Piaz, Lorella Severino
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are environmental pollutants of industrial origin that can contaminate food, mainly food of animal origin. Although production of PCBs has been banned in many countries since the 1980s, they are still present in the environment and are considered dangerous pollutants for human health. In fact, they can bioaccumulate in living organisms such as marine organisms because of their chemical and physical properties. New analytical approaches are useful to monitor the presence of such contaminants in seafood products and in the environment...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
Maida Sljivic Husejnovic, Martina Bergant, Sasa Jankovic, Suzana Zizek, Aida Smajlovic, Adaleta Softic, Omer Music, Biljana Antonijevic
Soil contamination by heavy metals is a serious global environmental problem, especially for developing countries. A large number of industrial plants, which continually pollute the environment, characterize Tuzla Canton, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The aim of this study was to assess the level of soil pollution by heavy metals and to estimate cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of soil leachates from this area. Lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and mercury (Hg) were analyzed by ICP-AES and AAS. Soil contamination was assessed using contamination factor, degree of contamination, geoaccumulation index and pollution load index...
January 23, 2018: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Mohammad Reza Vesali Naseh, Roohollah Noori, Ronny Berndtsson, Jan Adamowski, Elaheh Sadatipour
Although Iran's Ghaen Plain provides saffron to much of the world, no regional groundwater quality (GQ) assessment has yet been undertaken. Given the region's potential for saltwater intrusion and heavy metal contamination, it is important to assess the GQ and determine its main probable source of pollution (MPSP). Such knowledge would allow for informed mitigation or elimination of the potential adverse health effects of this groundwater through its use as drinking water, or indirectly as a result of the consumption of groundwater-irrigated crops...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Laura A Rodriguez-Villamizar, Rhonda J Rosychuk, Alvaro Osornio-Vargas, Paul J Villeneuve, Brian H Rowe
OBJECTIVE: Children are recognized to be more susceptible than healthy adults to the effects of air pollution; however, relatively few Canadian studies of children have focused on industrial emissions. We conducted a spatial cross-sectional study to explore associations between emergency department (ED) visits for childhood asthma and residential proximity to two industrial sources of air pollution (coal-fired power plant and petrochemical industry) in Edmonton, Canada. METHODS: Using administrative health care data for Alberta between 2004 and 2010, we conducted a spatial analysis of disease clusters of count data around these two industrial sources...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Wenjun Wu, Jinnan Wang, Yang Yu, Hongqiang Jiang, Nianlei Liu, Jun Bi, Miaomiao Liu
Anthropogenic emissions of toxic trace elements (TEs) have caused worldwide concern due to their adverse effects on human health and ecosystems. Based on a stochastic simulation of factors' probability distribution, we established a bottom-up model to estimate the amounts of five priority-regulatory TEs released to aquatic environments from industrial processes in China. Total TE emissions in China in 2010 were estimated at approximately 2.27 t of Hg, 310.09 t of As, 318.17 t of Pb, 79.72 t of Cd, and 1040...
January 13, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Xiuduan Chen, Xinwei Lu
As soil-extractable elements potentially pose ecological and health risks, identifying their contamination characteristics and sources is crucial. Therefore, to understand topsoil trace elements in the urban ring zone from the Second Ring Road to the Third Ring of Xi'an city in China, we determined the concentrations of Zn, Co, V, As, Cu, Mn, Ba, Ni and Pb, and analyzed the sources of the contamination. The results showed that the individual pollution indices of Pb, Co, Cu, Zn, Ba, Ni, Mn, As, and V were 1...
January 11, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Mina Torabifard, Reza Arjmandi, Alimorad Rashidi, Jafar Nouri, Iraj Mohammadfam
The health and environmental effects of chemical processes can be assessed during the initial stage of their production. In this paper, the Chemical Screening Tool for Exposure and Environmental Release (ChemSTEER) software was used to compare the health and environmental risks of spray pyrolysis and wet chemical techniques for the fabrication of nanostructured metal oxide on a semi-industrial scale with a capacity of 300 kg/day in Iran. The pollution sources identified in each production process were pairwise compared in Expert Choice software using indicators including respiratory damage, skin damage, and environmental damages including air, water, and soil pollution...
January 10, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Alfredo Mazza, Prisco Piscitelli, Andrea Falco, Maria Lucia Santoro, Manuela Colangelo, Giovanni Imbriani, Adele Idolo, Antonella De Donno, Leopoldo Iannuzzi, Annamaria Colao
The area of Naples and Campania region, in Italy, are experiencing the dramatic consequences of diffuse and illegal waste dumping, resulting in possible threats to human health. This area has been referred to as the "Land of Fires" because of the common practice of waste burning. International interest in the Campania "waste emergency" has triggered several epidemiological studies. This article is aimed at highlighting the body of evidence available concerning human and environmental contamination in the Campania region, and considers the possible lack of comparable knowledge about the situation in other areas suffering from high environmental pollution...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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