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Industrial pollution health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216596/understanding-social-and-behavioral-drivers-and-impacts-of-air-quality-sensor-use
#1
Bryan J Hubbell, Amanda Kaufman, Louie Rivers, Kayla Schulte, Gayle Hagler, Jane Clougherty, Wayne Cascio, Dan Costa
BACKGROUND: Lower-cost air quality sensors (hundreds to thousands of dollars) are now available to individuals and communities. This technology is undergoing a rapid and fragmented evolution, resulting in sensors that have uncertain data quality, measure different air pollutants and possess a variety of design attributes. Why and how individuals and communities choose to use sensors is arguably influenced by social context. For example, community experiences with environmental exposures and health effects and related interactions with industry and government can affect trust in traditional air quality monitoring...
December 4, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214797/high-throughput-in-vitro-data-to-inform-prioritization-of-ambient-water-monitoring-and-testing-for-endocrine-active-chemicals
#2
Wendy J Heiger-Bernays, Susanna Wegner, David Dix
The presence of industrial chemicals, consumer product chemicals, and pharmaceuticals is well documented in waters in the US and globally. Most of these chemicals lack health-protective guidelines and many have been shown to have endocrine bioactivity. There is currently no systematic or national prioritization for monitoring waters for chemicals with endocrine disrupting activity. We propose Ambient Water Bioactivity Concentrations (AWBCs) generated from high throughput data as a health-based screen for endocrine bioactivity of chemicals in water...
December 7, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209970/haze-and-health-impacts-in-asean-countries-a-systematic-review
#3
Logaraj Ramakreshnan, Nasrin Aghamohammadi, Chng Saun Fong, Awang Bulgiba, Rafdzah Ahmad Zaki, Li Ping Wong, Nik Meriam Sulaiman
Seasonal haze episodes and the associated inimical health impacts have become a regular crisis among the ASEAN countries. Even though many emerging experimental and epidemiological studies have documented the plausible health effects of the predominating toxic pollutants of haze, the consistency among the reported findings by these studies is poorly understood. By addressing such gap, this review aimed to critically highlight the evidence of physical and psychological health impacts of haze from the available literature in ASEAN countries...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207355/environmental-pollution-and-health-hazards-from-distillery-wastewater-and-treatment-approaches-to-combat-the-environmental-threats-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Pankaj Chowdhary, Abhay Raj, Ram Naresh Bharagava
Distillery industries are the key contributor to the world's economy, but these are also one of the major sources of environmental pollution due to the discharge of a huge volume of dark colored wastewater. This dark colored wastewater contains very high biological oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand, total solids, sulfate, phosphate, phenolics and various toxic metals. Distillery wastewater also contains a mixture of organic and inorganic pollutants such as melanoidins, di-n-octyl phthalate, di-butyl phthalate, benzenepropanoic acid and 2-hydroxysocaproic acid and toxic metals, which are well reported as genotoxic, carcinogenic, mutagenic and endocrine disrupting in nature...
November 28, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207286/short-term-effects-of-ultrafine-particles-on-daily-mortality-by-primary-vehicle-exhaust-versus-secondary-origin-in-three-spanish-cities
#5
Aurelio Tobías, Ioar Rivas, Cristina Reche, Andrés Alastuey, Sergio Rodríguez, Rocío Fernández-Camacho, Ana M Sánchez de la Campa, Jesús de la Rosa, Jordi Sunyer, Xavier Querol
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the short-term effects of ultrafine particles (with diameter<100nm, UFP) on health is still inconsistent. New particles in ambient urban air are the result of direct emissions and also the formation of secondary UFP from gaseous precursors. We segregated UFP into these two components and investigated their impact on daily mortality in three Spanish cities affected by different sources of air pollution. METHODS: We separated the UFP using a method based on the high correlation between black carbon (BC) and particle number concentration (N)...
December 2, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206170/pollution-emissions-environmental-policy-and-marginal-abatement-costs
#6
Ling-Yun He, Jia-Jia Ou
Pollution emissions impose serious social negative externalities, especially in terms of public health. To reduce pollution emissions cost-effectively, the marginal abatement costs (MACs) of pollution emissions must be determined. Since the industrial sectors are the essential pillars of China's economic growth, as well as leading energy consumers and sulfur dioxide (SO₂) emitters, estimating MACs of SO₂ emissions at the industrial level can provide valuable information for all abatement efforts. This paper tries to address the critical and essential issue in pollution abatement: How do we determine the MACs of pollution emissions in China? This paper first quantifies the SO₂ emission contribution of different industrial sectors in the Chinese economy by an Input-Output method and then estimates MACs of SO₂ for industrial sectors at the national level, provincial level, and sectoral level by the shadow price theory...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202828/calculation-of-the-disease-burden-associated-with-environmental-chemical-exposures-application-of-toxicological-information-in-health-economic-estimation
#7
REVIEW
Philippe Grandjean, Martine Bellanger
Calculation of costs and the Burden of Disease (BoD) is useful in developing resource allocation and prioritization strategies in public and environmental health. While useful, the Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY) metric disregards subclinical dysfunctions, adheres to stringent causal criteria, and is hampered by gaps in environmental exposure data, especially from industrializing countries. For these reasons, a recently calculated environmental BoD of 5.18% of the total DALYs is likely underestimated. We combined and extended cost calculations for exposures to environmental chemicals, including neurotoxicants, air pollution, and endocrine disrupting chemicals, where sufficient data were available to determine dose-dependent adverse effects...
December 5, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202271/microbiota-and-environmental-stress-how-pollution-affects-microbial-communities-in-manila-clams
#8
M Milan, L Carraro, P Fariselli, M E Martino, D Cavalieri, F Vitali, L Boffo, T Patarnello, L Bargelloni, B Cardazzo
Given the crucial role of microbiota in host development, health, and environmental interactions, genomic analyses focusing on host-microbiota interactions should certainly be considered in the investigation of the adaptive mechanisms to environmental stress. Recently, several studies suggested that microbiota associated to digestive tract is a key, although still not fully understood, player that must be considered to assess the toxicity of environmental contaminants. Bacteria-dependent metabolism of xenobiotics may indeed modulate the host toxicity...
November 27, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200149/childhood-and-adolescent-cancer-in-the-state-of-pernambuco-brazil-incidence-geographical-distribution-and-association-with-environmental-health-indicators
#9
Lídia N V Bastos, José C Silveira, Carlos F Luna, Norma Lucena-Silva
Cases of childhood and adolescent cancer diagnosed from 2009 to 2012 in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, were analyzed considering the patients' sex and age, the type of cancer and the municipality of living to determine the incidence, geographical distribution, and association with environmental health indicators. The spatial distribution pattern of the cancer incidence was estimated using the Global Moran's index. The association between environmental health indicators and cancer incidence was evaluated by multiple regression...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177961/ambient-air-pollution-and-morbidity-in-chinese
#10
Li-Wen Hu, Wayne R Lawrence, Yimin Liu, Bo-Yi Yang, Xiao-Wen Zeng, Wen Chen, Guang-Hui Dong
The rapid economic growth in China is coupled with a severe ambient air pollution, which poses a huge threat to human health and the sustainable development of social economy. The rapid urbanization and industrialization over the last three decades have placed China as one of countries with the greatest disease burden in world. Notably, the prevalence rate of chronic noncommunicable diseases (CND), including respiratory diseases, CVD, and stroke, in 2010 reaches 16.9%. The continuous growth of the incidence of CND urgent needs for effective regulatory action for health protection...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177959/ambient-air-pollution-and-biomarkers-of-health-effect
#11
Di Yang, Xuan Yang, Furong Deng, Xinbiao Guo
Recently, the air pollution situation of our country is very serious along with the development of urbanization and industrialization. Studies indicate that the exposure of air pollution can cause a rise of incidence and mortality of many diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, myocardial infarction, and so on. However, there is now growing evidence showing that significant air pollution exposures are associated with early biomarkers in various systems of the body. In order to better prevent and control the damage effect of air pollution, this article summarizes comprehensively epidemiological studies about the bad effects on the biomarkers of respiratory system, cardiovascular system, and genetic and epigenetic system exposure to ambient air pollution...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177781/bioaccumulation-of-selected-heavy-metals-and-histopathological-and-hematobiochemical-alterations-in-backyard-chickens-reared-in-an-industrial-area-india
#12
Indrajit Kar, Sunit Kumar Mukhopadhayay, Amlan Kumar Patra, Saktipada Pradhan
This study was carried out to determine the concentrations of four heavy metals, cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), copper (Cu), and cobalt (Co), and histopathological lesions in tissues of chickens reared in an industrial area of West Bengal, India. In particular, Mejhia Block was selected as a heavy metal-exposed area and Vatar Block (120 km away from industrially polluted areas) as a reference site. Samples were collected from the backyard chickens in these areas. Concentrations of heavy metals in soil, water, feedstuffs, tissues (liver, kidney, spleen, lung, and muscle), and droppings were greater (p < 0...
November 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172666/association-of-2-4-dichlorophenol-urinary-concentrations-and-olfactory-dysfunction-in-a-national-sample-of-middle-aged-and-older-u-s-adults
#13
Ghalib Bello, Gerard Dumancas
Olfaction is a key sensory mechanism in humans. Deficits in this chemosensory function have wide-ranging impacts on overall health and quality of life. This study examines the role of environmental phenols as risk factors for olfactory dysfunction among a random sample of 839 middle-aged and older U.S. adults. Olfactory function assessment was carried out using a short 8-item test, scores on which were used to classify subjects into normal or impaired olfactory function groups. Logistic regression models were used to test for associations between olfactory impairment and creatinine-adjusted urinary levels of 8 common environmental phenols, adjusting for potentially confounding covariates...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169120/soybean-peroxidase-immobilized-onto-silica-coated-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles-effect-of-silica-layer-on-the-enzymatic-activity
#14
Jorge A Donadelli, Fernando S García Einschlag, Enzo Laurenti, Giuliana Magnacca, Luciano Carlos
Peroxidase immobilization onto magnetic supports is considered an innovative strategy for the development of technologies that involves enzymes in wastewater treatment. In this work, magnetic biocatalysts were prepared by immobilization of soybean peroxidase (SBP) onto different silica-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles. The obtained magnetic biocatalysts were tested for the degradation of malachite green (MG), a pollutant often found in industrial wastewaters and with significant drawbacks for the human and environmental health...
November 20, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165683/systematic-review-occupational-illness-in-the-waste-and-recycling-sector
#15
C J M Poole, S Basu
Background: The waste and recycling sector is a growing part of industry. Whether health surveillance is indicated and how it should be undertaken is unclear. Aims: To undertake a review of the literature to identify hazards to health, biological effects and occupational illnesses for workers in the sector. Methods: A systematic review of the published literature and two UK databases. Results: Rates of fatal, non-fatal injuries and self-reported work-related illness were found to be higher in the waste and recycling sector than in UK industry as a whole...
November 20, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164279/elemental-concentrations-in-roadside-dust-along-two-national-highways-in-northern-vietnam-and-the-health-risk-implication
#16
Thai Ha Phi, Pham Minh Chinh, Doan Danh Cuong, Luong Thi Mai Ly, Nguyen Van Thinh, Phong K Thai
There is a need to assess the risk of exposure to metals via roadside dust in Vietnam where many people live along the road/highways and are constantly exposed to roadside dust. In this study, we collected dust samples at 55 locations along two major Highways in north-east Vietnam, which passed through different land use areas. Samples were sieved into three different particle sizes and analyzed for concentrations of eight metals using a X-ray fluorescence instrument. The concentrations and environmental indices (EF, I geo) of metals were used to evaluate the degree of pollution in the samples...
November 21, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156264/examining-the-effects-of-socioeconomic-development-on-fine-particulate-matter-pm2-5-in-china-s-cities-using-spatial-regression-and-the-geographical-detector-technique
#17
Chunshan Zhou, Jing Chen, Shaojian Wang
The frequent occurrence of extreme smog episodes in recent years has begun to present a serious threat to human health. In addition to pollutant emissions and meteorological conditions, fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is also influenced by socioeconomic development. Thus, identifying the potential effects of socioeconomic development on PM2.5 variations can provide insights into particulate pollution control. This study applied spatial regression and the geographical detector technique for assessing the directions and strength of association between socioeconomic factors and PM2...
November 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151187/spatial-distributions-of-hexachlorobutadiene-in-agricultural-soils-from-the-yangtze-river-delta-region-of-china
#18
Jianteng Sun, Lili Pan, Yu Zhan, Lizhong Zhu
Hexachlorobutadiene (HCBD) is one of the persistent organic pollutants (POPs) listed by the Stockholm Convention and poses potential risks to human health and ecosystems. To reveal the regional-scale pollution status of HCBD in agricultural soils from fast-developing areas, an extensive investigation was conducted in the core Yangtze River Delta (YRD), China. The detectable concentrations of HCBD in 241 soil samples ranged from 0.07 to 8.47 ng g(-1) dry weight, with an average value of 0.32 ng g(-1) and a detection rate of 59...
November 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146075/persistent-organic-pollutant-emission-via-dust-deposition-throughout-pakistan-spatial-patterns-regional-cycling-and-their-implication-for-human-health-risks
#19
Muhammad Sohail, Syed Ali Musstjab Akber Shah Eqani, Joel Podgorski, Avit Kumar Bhowmik, Adeel Mahmood, Nadeem Ali, Tara Sabo-Attwood, Habib Bokhari, Heqing Shen
In the current study, Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in outdoor dustfall was monitored for the first time along the Indus river system of Pakistan. Among the studied OCPs (ng/g, dry weight), DDTs (0.16-62) were the predominant contaminants identified in deposited dust followed by HCHs (0.1-10.2), HCB (0.09-7.4) and chlordanes (0.1-2.8). The indicative diagnostic ratio for DDTs and HCHs suggested recent emission of DDTs as well as historical emission of both chemicals in regions where they were used for crop protection and malarial control...
November 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145849/monitoring-so2emission-trends-and-residents-perceived-health-risks-from-pgm-smelting-at-selous-metallurgical-complex-in-zimbabwe
#20
Patrick Gwimbi
BACKGROUND: Persistently high sulphur dioxide (SO2) emissions from platinum group metal (PGM) smelting pose a major threat to communities located around smelters. This paper examined SO2 emission trends, emission regulations and residents' perceived health risks from exposures to such emissions at Selous Metallurgical Complex (SMC) PGM smelting facility in Zimbabwe. METHODS: SO2 data from roof monitoring sites at the smelter furnace were aggregated into annual, quarterly and monthly emission trends from 2008 to 2015...
November 16, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
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