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Industrial pollution health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919152/-monitoring-plan-of-environmental-contaminants-in-sheep-milk-from-areas-next-to-an-italian-contaminated-site-named-%C3%A2-aree-industriali-di-porto-torres-e-discarica-di-calancoi%C3%A2-industrial-areas-of-porto-torres-and-landfill-of-calancoi-in-sardinia-region-southern
#1
Francesco Sgarangella, Giuseppe Bitti, Maria Caterina Suelzu, Pietro Desini, Patrizia Piras, Gianuario Fiori, Maurizio Cossu, Giannina Chessa
OBJECTIVES: to assess concentration levels of dioxins, PCBs, and chemical elements in sheep milk produced in areas close to the Italian contaminated site (CS) located in the North-West of Sardinia (Southern Italy), named «Aree industriali di Porto Torres e discarica di Calancoi» (i.e., industrial areas of Porto Torres and landfill of Calancoi). DESIGN: monitoring plan of environmental contaminants on zootechnical productions based on analysis of dioxins, PCBs, heavy metals (Cd, Hg, Pb), and other elements (As, Be, Cr, Ni, Tl , Zn) in sheep bulk milk...
November 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914859/fine-and-ultrafine-atmospheric-particulate-matter-at-a-multi-influenced-urban-site-physicochemical-characterization-mutagenicity-and-cytotoxicity
#2
Yann Landkocz, Frédéric Ledoux, Véronique André, Fabrice Cazier, Paul Genevray, Dorothée Dewaele, Perrine J Martin, Capucine Lepers, Anthony Verdin, Lucie Courcot, Saâd Boushina, François Sichel, Maurizio Gualtieri, Pirouz Shirali, Dominique Courcot, Sylvain Billet
Particulate Matter (PM) air pollution is one of the major concerns for environment and health. Understanding the heterogeneity and complexity of fine and ultrafine PM is a fundamental issue notably for the assessment of PM toxicological effects. The aim of this study was to evaluate mutagenicity and cytotoxicity of a multi-influenced urban site PM, with or without the ultrafine fraction. For this purpose, PM2.5-0.3 (PM with aerodynamic diameter ranging from 0.3 to 2.5 μm) and PM2.5 were collected in Dunkerque, a French coastal industrial city and were extensively characterized for their physico-chemical properties, including inorganic and organic species...
November 30, 2016: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908668/associations-between-urinary-biomarkers-of-oxidative-stress-and-air-pollutants-observed-in-a-randomized-crossover-exposure-to-steel-mill-emissions
#3
Guillaume Pelletier, Marc Rigden, Lisa Marie Kauri, Robin Shutt, Mamun Mahmud, Sabit Cakmak, Premkumari Kumarathasan, Errol M Thomson, Renaud Vincent, Gayle Broad, Ling Liu, Robert Dales
The effects of industrial air pollution on human health have not been as thoroughly investigated as those of urban air pollution which originates mostly from automotive transport. To better assess the health impacts of point sources of industrial air pollution, a randomized crossover exposure study was conducted. Sixty one young and healthy volunteers were randomly assigned to spend five consecutive eight-hour days near a steel mill or at a location five kilometres away. After a nine or sixteen-day washout period, volunteers spent another five consecutive days at the second site...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908622/biomonitoring-of-persistent-organic-pollutants-pops-in-child-populations-living-near-contaminated-sites-in-mexico
#4
R Flores-Ramírez, F J Pérez-Vázquez, M Rodríguez-Aguilar, S E Medellín-Garibay, E Van Brussel, A C Cubillas-Tejeda, L Carrizales-Yáñez, F Díaz-Barriga
The aim of this study was to conduct a POP biomonitoring programme for children in high-risk areas. We evaluated 247 serum samples from children between the ages of 6 and 12years old from two zones in Mexico: (1) indigenous zones, which included Cuatlamayan (CUA), Tocoy (TOC), and Santa Maria Picula (SAM); and (2) industrial zones, which included Tercera Chica (TC), Industrial San Luis (IND) and Rincon de San Jose (SJR); Mundo Nuevo (MN); and Alpuyeca (ALP). Our results showed that α-endosulfan was similar to CUA, TOC, SAM, TC and MN (178...
November 28, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904610/effects-of-air-pollution-on-human-health-and-practical-measures-for-prevention-in-iran
#5
REVIEW
Adel Ghorani-Azam, Bamdad Riahi-Zanjani, Mahdi Balali-Mood
Air pollution is a major concern of new civilized world, which has a serious toxicological impact on human health and the environment. It has a number of different emission sources, but motor vehicles and industrial processes contribute the major part of air pollution. According to the World Health Organization, six major air pollutants include particle pollution, ground-level ozone, carbon monoxide, sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, and lead. Long and short term exposure to air suspended toxicants has a different toxicological impact on human including respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, neuropsychiatric complications, the eyes irritation, skin diseases, and long-term chronic diseases such as cancer...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898410/cadmium-exposure-is-associated-with-the-prevalence-of-dyslipidemia
#6
Zhou Zhou, Yong-Hui Lu, Hui-Feng Pi, Peng Gao, Min Li, Lei Zhang, Li-Ping Pei, Xiang Mei, Lin Liu, Qi Zhao, Qi-Zhong Qin, Yu Chen, Yue-Ming Jiang, Zhao-Hui Zhang, Zheng-Ping Yu
BACKGROUND: Cadmium is a widespread environmental and occupational pollutant that accumulates in human body with a biological half-life exceeding 10 years. Cadmium exposure has been demonstrated to increase rates of cardiovascular diseases. Whether occupational cadmium exposure is associated with the increase in the prevalence of dyslipidemia and hence contributes to the risk of cardiovascular diseases is still equivocal. To test the hypothesis that exposure to cadmium is related to the prevalence of dyslipidemia, we examined the associations between blood cadmium concentration and the prevalence of dyslipidemia in workers occupationally exposed to cadmium in China...
November 30, 2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889850/chemical-fractionation-and-health-risk-assessment-of-particulate-matter-bound-metals-in-pune-india
#7
Rohi Jan, Ritwika Roy, Suman Yadav, P Gursumeeran Satsangi
The present study deals with the assessment of sequential extraction of particulate matter (PM)-bound metals and the potential health risks associated with them in a growing metropolitan city (Pune) of India. The average mass concentration of both PM2.5-10 and PM2.5 exceeded the National Ambient Air Quality Standards. Significant seasonal variation in mass concentration was found for both size fractions of PM with higher values in winter season and lower in monsoon. Chemical species of the studied trace metals in PM exhibited significant differences, due to difference in sources of pollution...
November 26, 2016: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889086/impacts-of-regional-transport-on-black-carbon-in-huairou-beijing-china
#8
Yuqin Wang, Benjamin de Foy, James J Schauer, Michael R Olson, Yang Zhang, Zhengqiang Li, Yuanxun Zhang
The 22(nd) Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Conference was held near Yanqi Lake, Huairou, in Beijing, China during November 10-11, 2014. To guarantee haze-free days during the APEC Conference, the Beijing government and the governments of the surrounding provinces implemented a series of controls. Three months of Aethalometer 880 nm black carbon (BC) measurements were examined to understand the hourly fluctuations in BC concentrations that resulted from emission controls and meteorology changes. Measurements were collected at the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences near the APEC Conference site and in Central Beijing at the Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth of the Chinese Academy of Sciences...
November 23, 2016: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887733/determining-oxidative-stress-and-erod-activity-in-dab-limanda-limanda-in-the-north-and-baltic-seas
#9
Sturve Joachim, Hultman T Maria, Wassmur Britt, Carney Almroth Bethanie
The North and Baltic Seas are heavily trafficked marine areas with extensive anthropogenic activities, including cargo and fishing vessels, waste dumping, oil platforms, industrial activities and contamination from coastal runoff. In order to evaluate the environmental health of these regions, we used the demersal fish dab (Limanda limanda) as a sentinel species. The current study used well-established biomarkers for PAH exposure and oxidative stress, measuring EROD activity, the acute antioxidant response as well as oxidation of proteins detected as protein carbonyl levels...
November 1, 2016: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876415/the-relationship-between-historical-development-and-potentially-toxic-element-concentrations-in-urban-soils
#10
Rebekka McIlwaine, Rory Doherty, Siobhan F Cox, Mark Cave
Increasing urbanisation has a direct impact on soil quality, resulting in elevated concentrations of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) in soils. This research aims to assess if soil PTE concentrations can be used as an 'urbanisation tracer' by investigating geogenic and anthropogenic source contributions and controls, and considering PTE enrichment across historical urban development zones. The UK cities of Belfast and Sheffield are chosen as study areas, where available shallow and deep concentrations of PTEs in soil are compared to identify geogenic and anthropogenic contributions to PTEs...
January 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867810/bio-ethanol-production-from-wet-coffee-processing-waste-in-ethiopia
#11
Asrat Gebremariam Woldesenbet, Belay Woldeyes, Bhagwan Singh Chandravanshi
Large amounts of coffee residues are generated from coffee processing plants in Ethiopia. These residues are toxic and possess serious environmental problems following the direct discharge into the nearby water bodies which cause serious environmental and health problems. This study was aimed to quantify wet coffee processing waste and estimate its bio-ethanol production. The study showed that the wastes are potential environmental problems and cause water pollution due to high organic component and acidic nature...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866364/integrative-health-risk-assessment-of-air-pollution-in-the-northwest-of-spain
#12
Xela García-Santiago, Nuria Gallego-Fernández, Soledad Muniategui-Lorenzo, María Piñeiro-Iglesias, Purificación López-Mahía, Amaya Franco-Uría
Levels, origins and potential risks due to different air pollutants (ozone, SO2 and particle-borne metals) in NW Spain were investigated in eight locations affected by different emission sources. All monitored locations suffered the influence of traffic and industrial emissions, being this influence more important in urban locations. Although average values of the estimated hazard index (HI) due to particle-borne metals showed values lower than one, maximum values of this parameter exceeded this safety limit in urban locations...
November 19, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853965/non-occupational-exposure-to-heavy-metals-of-the-residents-of-an-industrial-area-and-biomonitoring
#13
Luigi Vimercati, Antonio Baldassarre, Maria F Gatti, Tommaso Gagliardi, Maria Serinelli, Luigi De Maria, Antonio Caputi, Angelica A Dirodi, Ida Galise, Francesco Cuccaro, Giorgio Assennato
In areas at high environmental risk, a major issue is the assessment of the exposure of the general population to industrial pollutants. To date, few studies have investigated exposure to heavy metals in a population residing in a high risk environmental area. The aim of this study is to evaluate the exposure to heavy metals in the industrial area of Taranto, Southern Italy, through biological monitoring techniques. We measured the levels of inorganic arsenic and methylated metabolites, lead, cadmium, chromium, and manganese in the urine samples of 279 subjects residing in Taranto and neighboring areas...
December 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842962/haze-public-health-and-mitigation-measures-in-china-a-review-of-the-current-evidence-for-further-policy-response
#14
Jinghong Gao, Alistair Woodward, Sotiris Vardoulakis, Sari Kovats, Paul Wilkinson, Liping Li, Lei Xu, Jing Li, Jun Yang, Jing Li, Lina Cao, Xiaobo Liu, Haixia Wu, Qiyong Liu
With rapid economic development, China has been plagued by choking air pollution in recent years, and the frequent occurrence of haze episodes has caused widespread public concern. The purpose of this study is to describe the sources and formation of haze, summarize the mitigation measures in force, review the relationship between haze pollution and public health, and to discuss the challenges, potential research directions and policy options. Haze pollution has both natural and man-made causes, though it is anthropogenic sources that are the major contributors...
November 11, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836348/assessing-the-concentration-of-phthalate-esters-paes-and-bisphenol-a-bpa-and-the-genotoxic-potential-of-treated-wastewater-final-effluent-in-saudi-arabia
#15
Iman Al-Saleh, Rola Elkhatib, Tahreer Al-Rajoudi, Ghofran Al-Qudaihi
Plasticizers such as phthalate esters (PAEs) and bisphenol A (BPA) are highly persistent organic pollutants that tend to bio-accumulate in humans through the soil-plant-animal food chain. Some studies have reported the potential carcinogenic and teratogenic effects in addition to their estrogenic activities. Water resources are scarce in Saudi Arabia, and several wastewater treatment plants (WTPs) have been constructed for agricultural and industrial use. This study was designed to: (1) measure the concentrations of BPA and six PAEs, dimethyl phthalate (DMP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP), bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and dioctyl phthalate (DOP), in secondary- and tertiary-treated wastewater collected from five WTPs in three Saudi cities for four to five weeks and (2) test their potential genotoxicity...
November 8, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833748/respiratory-illness-and-air-pollution-from-the-steel-industry-the-case-of-piqui%C3%A3-de-baixo-brazil-preliminary-report
#16
Carla Valenti, Paolo Pozzi, Alessandra Busia, Roberto Mazza, Paolo Bossi, Cinzia De Marco, Ario Alberto Ruprecht, Alessandro Borgini, Roberto Boffi
BACKGROUND: This report is based on an independent study carried out by medical professionals of the Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori (National Cancer Institute) in Milan, Italy, and  aimed to assess the incidence of respiratory diseases in a Brazilian community (Piquiá de Baixo, in the city of Açailandia) exposed to extreme air pollution in connection to a local steel manufacturing plant. The study has the objective to contribute to the existing literature on the health risks associated with fine particle pollution (PM2...
2016: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832431/comparison-of-metal-pollution-and-health-risks-of-urban-dust-in-beijing-in-2007-and-2012
#17
Yang Yu, Junhua Ma, Ningning Song, Xi Wang, Tong Wei, Zhifeng Yang, Yingxia Li
Urban dust in cities is a useful indicator of ambient environmental conditions and a sink for pollutants emitted through various natural and human activities. In this study, metal distributions in urban dust samples collected in 2007, using vacuuming, and 2012, using brushing, were compared. Experiments comparing the vacuuming and brushing methods were performed and translation equations were developed to correct the vacuuming results so that they could be compared with the brushing results. Cadmium concentrations were lower in 2012 than 2007; this could be because many industries moved out of the Beijing region after 2007...
December 0: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825840/environmental-toxicology-sensitive-periods-of-development-and-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#18
REVIEW
Djai B Heyer, Rhiannon M Meredith
Development of the mammalian central nervous system is a complex process whose disruption may have severe and long-lasting consequences upon brain structure and function, potentially resulting in a neurodevelopmental disorder (NDD). Many NDDs are known to be genetic in origin, with symptom onset and their underlying mechanisms now known to be regulated during time-dependent windows or 'critical periods' during normal brain development. However, it is increasingly evident that similar disturbances to the developing nervous system may be caused by exposure to non-genetic, environmental factors...
November 4, 2016: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825051/health-risk-implications-of-potentially-toxic-metals-in-street-dust-and-surface-soil-of-tehran-iran
#19
Sharareh Dehghani, Farid Moore, Behnam Keshavarzi, Beverley A Hale
In this study a total of 30 street dusts and 10 surface soils were collected in the central district of Tehran and analyzed for major potentially toxic metals. Street dust was found to be greatly enriched in Sb, Pb, Cu and Zn and moderately enriched in Cr, Mn, Mo and Ni. Contamination of Cu, Sb, Pb and Zn was clearly related to anthropogenic sources such as brake wear, tire dust, road abrasion and fossil fuel combustion. Spatial distribution of pollution load index in street dust suggested that industries located south-west of the city intensify street dust pollution...
November 5, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817145/fish-scales-as-a-non-lethal-tool-of-the-toxicity-of-wastewater-from-the-river-chenab
#20
Tayyaba Sultana, Amir Siddique, Salma Sultana, Shahid Mahboob, Khalid Al-Ghanim, Z Ahmed
Water pollution is gradually increasing in natural waters through anthropogenic activities. This study aimed to use fish scales as a bio-indicator of pollution, along with water quality parameters, and the assessment and detection of selected heavy metals in water samples collected from the River Chenab, including the Chakbandi drain that gathers domestic sewage waste and industrial effluents from Faisalabad and deposits it into this freshwater body. All water quality parameters (pH, total dissolved solids (TDS), total suspended solids (TSS), salinity, conductivity, biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), phenols and sulphates) and concentrations of selected heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Mn, Pb and Cr) were found to be considerably higher than permissible limits as defined by the WHO, and therefore capable of causing ill health effects in aquatic organisms...
November 5, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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