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Industrial pollution health

Sheena E Martenies, Chad W Milando, Guy O Williams, Stuart A Batterman
The environmental burden of disease is the mortality and morbidity attributable to exposures of air pollution and other stressors. The inequality metrics used in cumulative impact and environmental justice studies can be incorporated into environmental burden studies to better understand the health disparities of ambient air pollutant exposures. This study examines the diseases and health disparities attributable to air pollutants for the Detroit urban area. We apportion this burden to various groups of emission sources and pollutants, and show how the burden is distributed among demographic and socioeconomic subgroups...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Shun-An Zheng, Zeying Wu, Chun Chen, Junfeng Liang, Hongkun Huang, Xiangqun Zheng
Mercury (Hg) can evaporate and enter the plants through the stomata of plant leaves, which will cause a serious threat to local food safety and human health. For the risk assessment, this study aimed to investigate the concentration and accumulation of total gaseous mercury (TGM) in five typical leafy vegetables (Chinese chives (Allium tuberosum Rottler), amaranth (Amaranthus mangostanus L.), rape (Brassica campestris L.), lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), and spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.)) grown on sewage-irrigated areas in Tianjin, China...
October 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Romain Marti, Céline Bécouze-Lareure, Sébastien Ribun, Laurence Marjolet, Claire Bernardin Souibgui, Jean-Baptiste Aubin, Gislain Lipeme Kouyi, Laure Wiest, Didier Blaha, Benoit Cournoyer
Urban activities generate surface deposits over impervious surfaces that can represent ecological and health hazards. Bacteriome genetic structures of deposits washed off during rainfall events, over an urban industrial watershed, were inferred from 16 S rRNA gene (rrs) sequences generated by high throughput sequencing. Deposits were sampled over a 4 year-period from a detention basin (DB). Major shifts, matching key management practices, in the structure of these urban bacteriomes, were recorded. Correlation analyses of rrs similarities between samples and their respective concentrations in chemical pollutants, markers of human fecal contaminations (HF183) and antimicrobial resistances (integrons), were performed...
October 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
John N Hahladakis, Costas A Velis, Roland Weber, Eleni Iacovidou, Phil Purnell
Over the last 60 years plastics production has increased manifold, owing to their inexpensive, multipurpose, durable and lightweight nature. These characteristics have raised the demand for plastic materials that will continue to grow over the coming years. However, with increased plastic materials production, comes increased plastic material wastage creating a number of challenges, as well as opportunities to the waste management industry. The present overview highlights the waste management and pollution challenges, emphasising on the various chemical substances (known as "additives") contained in all plastic products for enhancing polymer properties and prolonging their life...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Amina Nazif, Nurul Izma Mohammed, Amirhossein Malakahmad, Motasem S Abualqumboz
The devastating health effects of particulate matter (PM10) exposure by susceptible populace has made it necessary to evaluate PM10 pollution. Meteorological parameters and seasonal variation increases PM10 concentration levels, especially in areas that have multiple anthropogenic activities. Hence, stepwise regression (SR), multiple linear regression (MLR) and principal component regression (PCR) analyses were used to analyse daily average PM10 concentration levels. The analyses were carried out using daily average PM10 concentration, temperature, humidity, wind speed and wind direction data from 2006 to 2010...
October 14, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Richard Olawoyin, Linda Schweitzer, Kuangyuan Zhang, Oladapo Okareh, Kevin Slates
The impacts of air emissions as a consequence of industrial activities around communities of human habitation have been extensively reported. This study is the first to assess potential adverse human health effects in the Chemical Valley Sarnia (CVS) area, around the St. Clair River, using health risk models, ecological and pollution indices. Large quantities of particulate matters (PM) are generated from anthropogenic activities, which contain several heavy metals in trace quantities with potentially adverse effects to humans and environmental health...
October 11, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Yufeng Jiang, Leiping Shi, A-Long Guang, Zhongfeng Mu, Huiying Zhan, Yingqin Wu
This study investigated the content, distribution, and contamination levels of toxic metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, and Zn) in street dust in Lanzhou, an industrial city in Northwest China. Meanwhile, the risk these metals posed to the urban ecosystem and human health was also evaluated using the potential ecological risk index and human exposure model. Results showed that concentrations of these metals in the dust are higher than the background value of local soil, with Cu having the highest levels. The districts of Anning and Xigu had the most extreme levels of contamination, while Chengguan and Qilihe districts were lightly contaminated, which can be partly attributed to human activities and traffic densities...
October 12, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Ali Wheida, Amira Nasser, Mostafa El Nazer, Agnes Borbon, Gehad A Abo El Ata, Magdy Abdel Wahab, Stephane C Alfaro
OBJECTIVE: The poor outdoor air quality in megacities of the developing world and its impact on health is a matter of concern for both the local populations and the decision-makers. The objective of this work is to quantify the mortality attributable to long-term exposure to PM2.5, NO2, and O3 in Greater Cairo (Egypt). METHODS: We analyze the temporal and spatial variability of the three pollutants concentrations measured at 18 stations of the area. Then, we apply the method recommended by the WHO to estimate the excess mortality...
October 9, 2017: Environmental Research
Tahir Rasheed, Muhammad Bilal, Faran Nabeel, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Chuanlong Li, Yongfeng Zhou
The quest for industrial and biotechnological revolution has been contributed in increasing environmental contamination issues, worldwide. The controlled or uncontrolled release of hazardous pollutants from various industrial sectors is one of the key problems facing humanity. Among them, adverse influences of lead, cadmium, and mercury on human health are well known to cause many disorders like reproductive, neurological, endocrine system, and cardiovascular, etc. Besides their presence at lower concentrations, most of these toxic heavy metals are posing noteworthy toxicological concerns...
October 4, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Alessandra Binazzi, Alessandro Marinaccio, Marisa Corfiati, Caterina Bruno, Lucia Fazzo, Roberto Pasetto, Roberta Pirastu, Annibale Biggeri, Dolores Catelan, Pietro Comba, Amerigo Zona
Objectives This study aimed to (i) describe mesothelioma incidence in the Italian national priority contaminated sites (NPCS) on the basis of data available from the Italian National Mesothelioma Registry (ReNaM) and (ii) profile NPCS using Bayesian rank analysis. Methods Incident cases of mesothelioma and standardized incidence ratios (SIR) were estimated for both genders in each of the 39 selected NPCS in the period 2000-2011. Age-standardized rates of Italian geographical macro areas were used to estimate expected cases...
October 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Angélica B Ferreira, Andreza P Ribeiro, Maurício L Ferreira, Cláudia T Kniess, Cristiano C Quaresma, Raffaele Lafortezza, José O Santos, Mitiko Saiki, Paulo H Saldiva
Industrialization in developing countries associated with urban growth results in a number of economic benefits, especially in small or medium-sized cities, but leads to a number of environmental and public health consequences. This problem is further aggravated when adequate infrastructure is lacking to monitor the environmental impacts left by industries and refineries. In this study, a new protocol was designed combining biomonitoring and geostatistics to evaluate the possible effects of shale industry emissions on human health and wellbeing...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Peter C Raynor, Shannon Engelman, Darby Murphy, Gurumurthy Ramachandran, Jeffrey B Bender, Bruce H Alexander
OBJECTIVE: Evolving production practices in the swine industry may alter the working environment. This research characterized the influence of stall versus pen gestation housing and wet versus dry feed in finishing on air contaminant concentrations. METHODS: Eight-hour time-weighted ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, respirable dust, respirable endotoxin, and carbon dioxide concentrations and temperature were measured regularly at stationary locations throughout a year in a facility with parallel gestation stall and open pen housing and parallel finishing rooms using dry and wet feed delivery systems...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
Y N Jolly, Shahriar Iqbal, M S Rahman, J Kabir, S Akter, Iftekhar Ahmad
It is considered that cow's milk is almost complete food for human as it provides most of the micronutrients and macronutrients. The cow's milks are essential for the growth and development especially for children. The main compositions of cow's milk are protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals which are well defined. Presently, the study of micronutrients and toxic elements in cow's milk has been widely carried out particularly in the industrialized and polluted regions because of its possibility of contamination, and thereby health risk of the consumers...
September 2017: Heliyon
Fei'er Chen, Zhijing Lin, Renjie Chen, Dan Norback, Cong Liu, Haidong Kan, Qihong Deng, Chen Huang, Yu Hu, Zhijun Zou, Wei Liu, Juan Wang, Chan Lu, Hua Qian, Xu Yang, Xin Zhang, Fang Qu, Jan Sundell, Yinping Zhang, Baizhan Li, Yuexia Sun, Zhuohui Zhao
The urbanization and industrialization in China is accompanied by bad air quality, and the prevalence of asthma in Chinese children has been increasing in recent years. To investigate the associations between ambient PM2.5 levels and asthmatic and allergic diseases or symptoms in preschool children in China, we assigned PM2.5 exposure data from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) project to 205 kindergartens at a spatial resolution of 0.1° × 0.1° in six cities in China (Shanghai, Nanjing, Chongqing, Changsha, Urumqi, and Taiyuan)...
September 29, 2017: Environmental Pollution
Lian Chen, Shenglu Zhou, Yaxing Shi, Chunhui Wang, Baojie Li, Yan Li, Shaohua Wu
Environmental pollution by heavy metals resulting from rapid economic development is a major concern. Soil, water, wheat, and rice samples were collected from the Lihe River Watershed in the Taihu Region (east China). In this study area, many types of industrial plants, including ceramics factories, plants working with refractory materials, and chemical plants are densely distributed and cause serious heavy metal pollution. In addition, well-developed transportation and agricultural activities are also important sources of heavy metals...
September 28, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Xiaozhen Liu, Yue Liang, Jiangmei Guo
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the health effect of heavy metal pollution in air pollutants on traffic policemen. This study will facilitate the scientific evaluation of health status of traffic policemen. PM10 samples were collected from industrial area, congested traffic area and residential area respectively in Nanchang City, and the concentrations of heavy metals were analyzed. The traffic policemen were examined through chest X-rays. The total of 637 urine samples and 142 blood samples have been collected, and the concentrations of Pb in samples were detected...
September 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Qumber Abbas, Balal Yousaf, Guijian Liu, Muhammad Zia-Ur-Rehman, Muhammad Ubaid Ali, Mehr Ahmed Mujtaba Munir, Syed Arif Hussain
Potentially toxic elements (PTEs) pollution is the fastest growing concern around the entire globe especially in developing countries. Rapid industrialization and urbanization are the dominant sources of anthropogenic soil-food chain contamination with PTEs. The intent of current study was to investigate the interactive levels of Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn in soil and their accumulation in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) samples collected from 96 sites including industrial, urban, and peri-urban areas of a leading multi-industrialized center (Faisalabad) of Pakistan...
September 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Frank Schulze, Xinghua Gao, Darius Virzonis, Samar Damiati, Marlon R Schneider, Rimantas Kodzius
Air quality depends on the various gases and particles present in it. Both natural phenomena and human activities affect the cleanliness of air. In the last decade, many countries experienced an unprecedented industrial growth, resulting in changing air quality values, and correspondingly, affecting our life quality. Air quality can be accessed by employing microchips that qualitatively and quantitatively determine the present gases and dust particles. The so-called particular matter 2.5 (PM2.5) values are of high importance, as such small particles can penetrate the human lung barrier and enter the blood system...
September 27, 2017: Genes
Marzena Rachwał, Małgorzata Wawer, Tadeusz Magiera, Eiliv Steinnes
The main objective of the study was an assessment of the pollution level of agricultural land located close to dumps of industrial waste remaining after former Zn and Pb ore processing in Poland. The integrated geophysical-geochemical methods were applied for assessment of soil quality with respect to trace element pollution. Additionally, human health risk induced by the contaminated arable soil and dusting slag heap was estimated. The investigations pointed out that soils in the vicinity of the metallurgical slag dump in Piekary were heavily polluted...
September 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Nuhu Dalhat Mu'azu, Nabeel Jarrah, Mukarram Zubair, Omar Alagha
Due to their industrial relevance, phenolic compounds (PC) are amongst the most common organic pollutants found in many industrial wastewater effluents. The potential detrimental health and environmental impacts of PC necessitate their removal from wastewater to meet regulatory discharge standards to ensure meeting sustainable development goals. In recent decades, one of the promising, cost-effective and environmentally benign techniques for removal of PC from water streams has been adsorption onto sewage sludge (SS)-based activated carbon (SBAC)...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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