keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Industrial pollution health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524743/nanoparticle-exposures-from-nano-enabled-toner-based-printing-equipment-and-human-health-state-of-science-and-future-research-needs
#1
Sandra Vanessa Pirela, John Martin, Dhimiter Bello, Philip Demokritou
Toner formulations used by laser printers (LP) and photocopiers (PC), collectively called "toner-based printing equipment" (TPE), are nano-enabled products (NEP) because they contain several engineered nanomaterials (ENM) that improve toner performance. It has been shown that during consumer use (printing), these ENM are released in the air, together with other semi-volatile organic nanoparticles, and newly formed gaseous co-pollutants such as volatile organic compounds (VOC). The aim of this review is to detail and analyze physico-chemical and morphological (PCM), as well as the toxicological properties of particulate matter (PM) emissions from TPE...
May 19, 2017: Critical Reviews in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499771/the-key-role-of-the-meat-industry-in-transformation-to-a-low-carbon-climate-resilient-sustainable-economy
#2
Frank Rijsberman
Climate change, air pollution and refugees have become key global challenges threatening sustainability of lifestyles, economies and ecosystems. Agri-food systems are the number one driver of environmental change. Livestock production is the world's largest land user, responsible for half of greenhouse gas emissions from agri-food systems, and the source of repeated health crises. Poor diets have become the number one cause of ill health. Recommendations for a healthy diet emphasize plant-based food. Rapidly falling costs in information technology, biotechnology, renewable energy and battery technology will disrupt current energy and transportation systems and offer opportunities for responsible meat production...
April 26, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482455/substantial-air-quality-and-climate-co-benefits-achievable-now-with-sectoral-mitigation-strategies-in-china
#3
Wei Peng, Junnan Yang, Fabian Wagner, Denise L Mauzerall
China is the world's top carbon emitter and suffers from severe air pollution. We examine near-term air quality and CO2 co-benefits of various current sector-based policies in China. Using a 2015 base case, we evaluate the potential benefits of four sectoral mitigation strategies. All scenarios include a 20% increase in conventional air pollution controls as well as the following sector-specific fuel switching or technology upgrade strategies. Power sector (POW): 80% replacement of small coal power plants with larger more efficient ones; Industry sector (IND): 10% improvement in energy efficiency; Transport sector (TRA): replacement of high emitters with average vehicle fleet emissions; and Residential sector (RES): replacement of 20% of coal-based stoves with stoves using liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)...
May 2, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471411/the-australian-national-pollutant-inventory-fails-to-fulfil-its-legislated-goals
#4
Nathan Cooper, Donna Green, Katrin J Meissner
Publically accessible pollution databases, such as the Australian National Pollutant Inventory, contain information on chemical emissions released by industrial facility and diffuse sources. They are meant to enable public scrutiny of industrial activity, which in turn, is meant to lead to industries reducing their pollution. In Australia, however, concerns have been consistently raised that this process is not occurring. To assess whether Australia's National Pollutant Inventory is fulfilling its legislated goals, we examined the accuracy and consistency of the largest facility and diffuse source of airborne lead, a major pollutant of concern for public health...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449967/exposure-scenario-another-important-factor-determining-the-toxic-effects-of-pm2-5-and-possible-mechanisms-involved
#5
Wei Zhou, Dongdong Tian, Jun He, Li Zhang, Xiuli Tang, Lijun Zhang, Yimei Wang, Lizhong Li, Jun Zhao, Xiaoyan Yuan, Shuangqing Peng
Worsening air pollution is a serious threat to public health in many urban and heavily industrialized areas. Particle size and chemical composition are well known determinants of the pathological response to air pollution. In addition, pathological responses may depend on the exposure profile (or scenario) of air pollution. For instance, we previously demonstrated that repeated exposure to low levels of fine airborne particulate matter (PM2.5) induced distinct epigenetic changes compared to acute high-doses exposure...
April 24, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447232/distribution-seasonal-variation-and-inhalation-risks-of-polychlorinated-dibenzo-p-dioxins-and-dibenzofurans-polychlorinated-biphenyls-and-polybrominated-diphenyl-ethers-in-the-atmosphere-of-beijing-china
#6
Yanfen Hao, Yingming Li, Thanh Wang, Yongbiao Hu, Huizhong Sun, Julius Matsiko, Shucheng Zheng, Pu Wang, Qinghua Zhang
Spatial distribution, seasonal variation and potential inhalation risks of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were investigated in the atmosphere of Beijing, using passive air samplers equipped with polyurethane foam disks. Concentrations of ΣPCDD/Fs, ΣPCBs and ΣPBDEs ranged from 8.4 to 179 fg WHO2005-TEQ/m(3), 38.6-139 and 1.5-176 pg/m(3), respectively. PCDFs showed higher air concentrations than those of PCDDs, indicating the influence of industrial activities and other combustion processes...
April 26, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438993/air-quality-health-and-climate-implications-of-china-s-synthetic-natural-gas-development
#7
Yue Qin, Fabian Wagner, Noah Scovronick, Wei Peng, Junnan Yang, Tong Zhu, Kirk R Smith, Denise L Mauzerall
Facing severe air pollution and growing dependence on natural gas imports, the Chinese government plans to increase coal-based synthetic natural gas (SNG) production. Although displacement of coal with SNG benefits air quality, it increases CO2 emissions. Due to variations in air pollutant and CO2 emission factors and energy efficiencies across sectors, coal replacement with SNG results in varying degrees of air quality benefits and climate penalties. We estimate air quality, human health, and climate impacts of SNG substitution strategies in 2020...
April 24, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436643/ultrathin-in2o3-nanosheets-with-uniform-mesopores-for-highly-sensitive-nitric-oxide-detection
#8
Xue Wang, Juan Su, Hui Chen, Guo-Dong Li, Zhifang Shi, Haifeng Zou, Xiaoxin Zou
Nitric oxide (NOx, including NO and NO2) is one of the most dangerous environmental toxins and pollutants, which mainly originates from vehicle exhaust and industrial emission. The development of sensitive NOx gas sensors is quite urgent for human health and the environment. Up to now, it still remains a great challenge to develop a NOx gas sensor, which can satisfy multiple application demands for sensing performance (such as high response, low detection temperature, and limit). In this work, ultrathin In2O3 nanosheets with uniform mesopores were successfully synthesized through a facile two-step synthetic method...
May 5, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433929/pollution-characteristics-and-human-health-risks-of-potentially-eco-toxic-elements-ptes-in-road-dust-from-metropolitan-area-of-hefei-china
#9
Muhammad Ubaid Ali, Guijian Liu, Balal Yousaf, Qumber Abbas, Habib Ullah, Mehr Ahmed Mujtaba Munir, Biao Fu
This study aims to investigate the pollution characteristics of road dust and their associated health risks of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) to humans using array-based risk assessment models described by United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) in a metropolitan area of Hefei, China. Geoaccumulation index (Igeo) was used to describe pollution characteristics of roadside dust in urban, periurban and industrial areas. Results indicate that industrial roadside dust was contaminated with Fe, Ni, Cu, Ti, V, Pb, Ba, Sb, Cr, Sn, Pb, As and Ga showing Igeo value (log2 (x)) between Igeo class 3 to 4...
April 14, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411513/contamination-source-identification-and-risk-assessment-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-the-soils-of-vegetable-greenhouses-in-shandong-china
#10
Chao Chai, Qiqi Cheng, Juan Wu, Lusheng Zeng, Qinghua Chen, Xiangwei Zhu, Dong Ma, Wei Ge
The concentrations of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were analyzed in soil (n=196) and vegetable (n=30) collected from greenhouses, and also in the soil (n=27) collected from agriculture fields close to the greenhouses in Shandong Province, China. The total PAH concentration (∑16PAH) ranged from 152.2µg/kg to 1317.7µg/kg, within the moderate range in agricultural soils of China. Three-ring PAHs were the dominant species, with Phe (16.3%), Ace (13.1%), and Fl (10.5%) as the major compounds. The concentrations of low molecular weight (LMW ≤3 rings) PAHs were high in the east and north of Shandong, while the concentrations of high molecular weight (HMW ≥4 rings) PAHs were high in the south and west of the study area...
April 12, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411064/health-benefits-of-a-reduction-of-pm10-and-no2-exposure-after-implementing-a-clean-air-plan-in-the-agglomeration-lausanne-morges
#11
Alberto Castro, Nino Künzli, Thomas Götschi
Exposure to urban air pollution has been associated with adverse effects on cardio-vascular and respiratory health, both short and long term. Consequently, governments have applied policies to reduce air pollution. Quantitative health impact assessments of hypothetic changes in air pollution have been conducted at national and global level, but assessments of observed air pollution changes associated with specific clean air policies at a local or regional scale remain scarce. This study estimates health impacts attributable to a decrease in PM10 and NO2 exposure in the Agglomeration of Lausanne-Morges (ALM), Switzerland, between 2005 and 2015, corresponding to the implementation period of a supra-municipal plan of measures to reduce air pollution in different sectors such as transport, energy, and industry (called Plan OPair 05)...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409539/particulate-matter-air-pollution-from-the-city-of-quito-ecuador-activates-inflammatory-signaling-pathways-in%C3%A2-vitro
#12
Victoria M Cevallos, Valeria Díaz, Cherilyn M Sirois
Automobile traffic, industrial processes and natural phenomena cause notable air pollution, including gaseous and particulate contaminants, in urban centers. Exposure to particulate matter (PM) air pollution affects human health, and has been linked to respiratory, cardiovascular and neurological diseases. The mechanisms underlying inflammation in these diverse diseases, and to what extent health effects are different for PM obtained from different sources or locations, are still unclear. This study investigated the in vitro toxicity of ambient course (PM10) and fine (PM2...
May 2017: Innate Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391146/a-new-approach-to-spatial-identification-of-potential-health-hazards-associated-with-childhood-asthma
#13
Alina Svechkina, Boris A Portnov
RESEARCH BACKGROUND: Childhood asthma is a chronic disease, known to be linked to prolonged exposure to air pollution. However, the identification of specific health hazards, associated with childhood asthma is not always straightforward, due to the presence of multiple sources of air pollution in urban areas. In this study, we test a novel approach to the spatial identification of environmental hazards that have the highest probability of association with the observed asthma morbidity patterns...
October 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390299/heavy-metals-in-industrially-emitted-particulate-matter-in-ile-ife-nigeria
#14
Lasun T Ogundele, Oyediran K Owoade, Philip K Hopke, Felix S Olise
Iron and steel smelting facilities generate large quantities of airborne particulate matter (PM) through their various activities and production processes. The resulting PM that contains a variety of heavy metals has potentially detrimental impacts on human health and the environment. This study was conducted to assess the potential health effects of the pollution from the heavy metals in the airborne PM sampled in the vicinity of secondary smelting operations in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. X-ray fluorescence (XRF) was used to determine the elemental concentration of Pb, Cr, Cd, Zn, Mn, As, Fe, Cu, and Ni in the size-segregated PM samples...
April 5, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387709/screening-for-cd-safe-cultivars-of-chinese-cabbage-and-a-preliminary-study-on-the-mechanisms-of-cd-accumulation
#15
Jingjie Wang, Nan Yu, Guangmao Mu, Kamran I Shinwari, Zhenguo Shen, Luqing Zheng
With the rapid progress of industrialization, the effects of environmental contamination on plant toxicity, and subsequently on human health, is a growing concern. For example, the heavy metal pollution of soil such as that caused by cadmium (Cd) is a serious threat. Therefore, screening for pollution-safe edible plants is an essential approach for growing plants under heavy metal-contaminated soils. In the current study, 35 Chinese cabbage (Brassica pekinensis L.) cultivars were selected with the aim of screening for Cd-safe cultivars (CSCs), analyzing their safety, and exploring the mechanism of Cd accumulation...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387301/so2-emissions-in-china-their-network-and-hierarchical-structures
#16
Shaomin Yan, Guang Wu
SO2 emissions lead to various harmful effects on environment and human health. The SO2 emission in China has significant contribution to the global SO2 emission, so it is necessary to employ various methods to study SO2 emissions in China with great details in order to lay the foundation for policymaking to improve environmental conditions in China. Network analysis is used to analyze the SO2 emissions from power generation, industrial, residential and transportation sectors in China for 2008 and 2010, which are recently available from 1744 ground surface monitoring stations...
April 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378017/room-temperature-multiplexed-gas-sensing-using-chemical-sensitive-3-5-nm-thin-silicon-transistors
#17
Hossain Mohammad Fahad, Hiroshi Shiraki, Matin Amani, Chuchu Zhang, Vivek Srinivas Hebbar, Wei Gao, Hiroki Ota, Mark Hettick, Daisuke Kiriya, Yu-Ze Chen, Yu-Lun Chueh, Ali Javey
There is great interest in developing a low-power gas sensing technology that can sensitively and selectively quantify the chemical composition of a target atmosphere. Nanomaterials have emerged as extremely promising candidates for this technology due to their inherent low-dimensional nature and high surface-to-volume ratio. Among these, nanoscale silicon is of great interest because pristine silicon is largely inert on its own in the context of gas sensing, unless functionalized with an appropriate gas-sensitive material...
March 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377327/brominated-flame-retardant-environmental-and-exposed-individuals-health-impact
#18
Patrice Dufour, Corinne Charlier
Since Antiquity, men have used chemicals to protect their goods against fire. Effective and easy to use, brominated flame retardants are used since decades massively in plastic industry. Such like other organohalogenated compounds, brominated flame retardants are very persistent in the environment and able to accumulate along the food chain. Many authors highlight their presence in the environment, in many animal species and in the human serum. Worryingly, man is exposed as soon as the pregnancy and then by the breastfeeding...
April 1, 2017: Annales de Biologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376353/expressing-air-pollution-induced-health-related-externalities-in-physical-terms-with-the-help-of-dalys
#19
Till M Bachmann, Jonathan van der Kamp
The unintended impacts of industrial activity on human health and the environment have regularly been assessed and monetised (referred to as "external costs"). External costs are, however, a rather abstract aggregate so that decision makers cannot easily relate them to tangible impacts. At the same time, physical health impact indicators have different units that cannot readily be compared and communicated in a joint way. To support better informed decisions at policy or company level, we propose and demonstrate a way to facilitate communication on non-monetized, that is, physical health indicators quantified in studies...
June 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366628/blood-lead-levels-in-a-group-of-children-the-potential-risk-factors-and-health-problems
#20
Mones M AbuShady, Hanan A Fathy, Gihan A Fathy, Samer Abd El Fatah, Alaa Ali, M A Abbas
OBJECTIVE: To investigate blood lead levels (BLLs) in schoolchildren in two areas of Egypt to understand the current lead pollution exposure and its risk factors, aiming to improve prevention politicies. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study in children (n=400) aged 6-12 years recruited from two areas in Egypt (industrial and urban). BLLs were measured using an atomic absorption method. Detailed questionnaires on sources of lead exposure and history of school performance and any behavioral changes were obtained...
March 30, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
keyword
keyword
54789
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"