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Industrial pollution health

Qianqi Yang, Zhiyuan Li, Xiaoning Lu, Qiannan Duan, Lei Huang, Jun Bi
Soil heavy metal pollution has been becoming serious and widespread in China. To date, there are few studies assessing the nationwide soil heavy metal pollution induced by industrial and agricultural activities in China. This review obtained heavy metal concentrations in soils of 402 industrial sites and 1041 agricultural sites in China throughout the document retrieval. Based on the database, this review assessed soil heavy metal concentration and estimated the ecological and health risks on a national scale...
June 14, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Marina Piscopo, Marco Trifuoggi, Rosaria Notariale, Sofiane Labar, Jacopo Troisi, Antonella Giarra, Dea Rabbito, Raffaela Puoti, Domenico de Benedictis, Maria Violetta Brundo, Adriana Basile, Katrina V Good, Juan Ausió, Giulia Guerriero
Here we report the industrial pollution effects due to cadmium on the reproductive health of Mytilus galloprovincialis. Mussels were removed from the biofouling of a Conatex panel after one year exposition at a polluted site near a disposal metallurgical factory. A high cadmium bioaccumulation was observed in the testis of mussels housed at the polluted site, with respect to a control site, as determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, along with a 10 fold increase in metallothionein 20 kDa gene (mt20) expression levels determined by qPCR...
June 15, 2018: Acta Biochimica Polonica
Valerie A Luyckx, Marcello Tonelli, John W Stanifer
Kidney disease has been described as the most neglected chronic disease. Reliable estimates of the global burden of kidney disease require more population-based studies, but specific risks occur across the socioeconomic spectrum from poverty to affluence, from malnutrition to obesity, in agrarian to post-industrial settings, and along the life course from newborns to older people. A range of communicable and noncommunicable diseases result in renal complications and many people who have kidney disease lack access to care...
June 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Xiaolong Zhang, Yanfeng Liu, Long Liu, Miao Wang, Jianghua Li, Guocheng Du, Jian Chen
N-acetylneuraminic acid (NeuAc) is widely used as a nutraceutical for facilitating infant brain development, maintaining brain health, and enhancing immunity. Currently, NeuAc is mainly produced by extraction from egg yolk and milk, or via chemical synthesis. However, its low concentration in natural resources and its non-ecofriendly chemical synthesis results in insufficient NeuAc production and environmental pollution, respectively. In this study, improved NeuAc production was attained via modular pathway engineering of the supply pathways of two key precursors-N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) and phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP)-and by balancing NeuAc biosynthesis and cell growth in engineered Bacillus subtilis...
June 13, 2018: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Roberta Cimmino, Carmela M A Barone, Salvatore Claps, Ettore Varricchio, Domenico Rufrano, Mariangela Caroprese, Marzia Albenzio, Pasquale De Palo, Giuseppe Campanile, Gianluca Neglia
BACKGROUND: Diet supplementation with polyphenols is a novel strategy to improve meat quality in livestock, by preventing oxidative deterioration of lipids and protein. Polyphenols have beneficial effects on both human and animal health and can be obtained from several sources, such as olive mill wastewaters (OMWW). These are severe environmental pollutants and therefore may be recycled and utilized in other sectors. The aim of this study was to evaluate growth performance, meat characteristics, fatty acid composition, antioxidant status, different forms of myoglobin and malondialdehyde formation in kids who received a diet supplemented with polyphenols obtained from OMWW...
June 11, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Q Z Wei, S Li, Q Jia, B Luo, L M Su, Q Liu, X R Yuan, Y H Wang, Y Ruan, J P Niu
Objective: To understand the pollution characteristics and assess the pollution health risks of heavy metals in atmospheric PM(2.5) in Lanzhou. Methods: According to the regional characteristics of air pollution and industrial distribution characteristics in Lanzhou, atmospheric PM(2.5) was sampled monthly in Chengguan and Xigu Districts from January, 2015 to December, 2016. Detected the concentration of PM(2.5) and 12 kinds of elements (Sb, Al, As, Be, Cd, Cr, Hg, Pb, Mn, Ni, Se and Tl) by weighing method and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry...
June 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Biljana D Škrbić, Kiwao Kadokami, Igor Antić
This study demonstrates the occurrence of 940 organic micro-pollutants in surface water of four rivers, one irrigation canal system, and two lakes in Vojvodina Province, the northern part of Serbia, summing in total eighteen samples. The number of detected chemicals ranged from 22 to 84, with 127 micro-pollutants detected at least once, representing 13% of the studied substances. The targeted compounds include n-alkanes, sterols, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), organochlorine pesticides polychlorinated biphenyls, pesticides, pharmaceutical active compounds, industrial chemicals, plasticizers, etc...
June 7, 2018: Environmental Research
Nawaf I Blaisi
Saudi Arabia's date palm industry generates date palm ash (DPA) from the thermal processing of palm oil fibers and shells. This waste material has potential to be used as partial replacement of cement in structural mortar. However, no studies to date have examined its pollution potential. DPA was used as a cement replacement in Portland cement mortar (PCM) using a 10% and 100% replacement rate and then compared to an ordinary PCM control sample. Total elemental analysis, the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) and monolith leaching tests were conducted...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Sarah E Cusick, Ericka G Jaramillo, Emily C Moody, Andrew S Ssemata, Doreen Bitwayi, Troy C Lund, Ezekiel Mupere
BACKGROUND: Exposure to environmental heavy metals is common among African children. Although many of these metals are known neurotoxicants, to date, monitoring of this exposure is limited, even in countries such as Uganda that are undergoing rapid industrialization. An assessment of the burden and potential causes of metal exposure is a critical first step in gauging the public health burden of metal exposure and in guiding its elimination. METHODS: In May 2016, we enrolled 100 children between the ages of 6 and 59 months living in the Katanga urban settlement of Kampala, Uganda...
June 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
Maosheng Cao, Xixi Wang, Wenqiang Cao, Xiaoyong Fang, Bo Wen, Jie Yuan
Electromagnetic energy radiation is becoming a "health-killer" of living bodies, especially around industrial transformer substation and electricity pylon. Harvesting, converting, and storing waste energy for recycling are considered the ideal ways to control electromagnetic radiation. However, heat-generation and temperature-rising with performance degradation remain big problems. Herein, graphene-silica xerogel is dissected hierarchically from functions to "genes," thermally driven relaxation and charge transport, experimentally and theoretically, demonstrating a competitive synergy on energy conversion...
June 7, 2018: Small
Ying Peng, Wendi Fang, Martin Krauss, Werner Brack, Zhihao Wang, Feilong Li, Xiaowei Zhang
Increased synthetic chemical production and diversification in developing countries caused serious aquatic pollution worldwide with emerging organic pollutants (EOPs) detected in surface water rising health concerns to human and aquatic ecosystem even at low ng/L concentration with long-term exposure. The Yangtze River Delta (YRD) area serves agriculture and industry for people in eastern China. However, the current knowledge on the occurrence and ecological risk of diverse EOPs which are present in the aquatic environment is limited...
June 4, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Philippa D Darbre
Over recent years, many environmental pollutant chemicals have been shown to possess the ability to interfere in the functioning of the endocrine system and have been termed endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs). These compounds exist in air as volatile or semi-volatile compounds in the gas phase or attached to particulate matter. They include components of plastics (phthalates, bisphenol A), components of consumer goods (parabens, triclosan, alkylphenols, fragrance compounds, organobromine flame retardants, fluorosurfactants), industrial chemicals (polychlorinated biphenyls), products of combustion (polychlorinated dibenzodioxins/furans, polyaromatic hydrocarbons), pesticides, herbicides, and some metals...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
Avdulla J Alija, Nikolaus Bresgen, Ekramije Bojaxhi, Margit Krenn, Ismet D Bajraktari, Peter M Eckl
The actual stage of the development of Kosovo is characterized by the concerning levels of environmental pollution and the serious health problems attributed to the emission of pollutants into air, soil and water. In this context, river pollution is one of the main threats due to the discharge of untreated urban and industrial waste waters that affect the quality of surface and ground water. In addition, urban and agricultural discharges are affecting the river water quality. In this article, we are presenting data on the cyto- and genotoxic potential of water samples from three rivers (Sitnica, Drenica and Lepenci) in the Kosovo as determined in the cultures of primary rat hepatocytes...
January 1, 2018: Toxicology and Industrial Health
Jeremy De Valck, John Rolfe
Water quality degradation in the Great Barrier Reef, associated with increased loads of nutrients, sediments and pesticides from agriculture, has become a major concern. Improved management practices and water quality targets were set in the Reef Plan 2013, but with limited success. The causality between water quality degradation, ecosystem health and benefits to society remains poorly understood, questioning the relevance of current water quality targets. We argue that ecosystem service valuation may help identify the benefits generated by ecosystems and help prioritise further investments in water quality improvement...
May 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Jan Skála, Radim Vácha, Pavel Čupr
The main topic of this study is a human health risk assessment of a defined exposure scenario in the floodplain soils of the headwater areas of the central European watershed, with the aim of exploring both multivariate and regional data structures. Flood-prone areas are recognized worldwide to be susceptible to contamination and its redistribution. Contributions of various classes of toxic compounds (organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)) to human health risks were assessed in a screening risk assessment...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Giulia Carriero, Luisa Neri, Daniela Famulari, Sara Di Lonardo, Daniela Piscitelli, Antonio Manco, Andrea Esposito, Adriano Chirico, Osvaldo Facini, Sandro Finardi, Gianni Tinarelli, Rossella Prandi, Alessandro Zaldei, Carolina Vagnoli, Piero Toscano, Vincenzo Magliulo, Paolo Ciccioli, Rita Baraldi
The composition in Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) of the biogas produced by seven landfills of Giugliano (Naples, Campania, Italy) was determined and VOC emission rates assessed to verify if these compounds represent a potential threat to the population living nearby. VOC composition in the biogas could not be predicted, as heterogeneous waste was dumped from the late 1980s to the early 2000s and then underwent biological degradation. No data are available on the amount and composition of VOC in the biogas before the landfills closure as no operational biogas collection system was present...
June 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Lucyna Samek, Zdzislaw Stegowski, Katarzyna Styszko, Leszek Furman, Joanna Fiedor
This study presents the air pollution findings of the submicron (PM1) and fine (PM2.5) particulate matter. The submicron particles are entirely absorbed by the human body and they cause the greatest health risk. For the PM2.5 concentration, there are yearly and/or daily limit values regulations by the European Union (EU) and World Health Organization (WHO). There are no such regulations for PM1 but for health risk reason the knowledge of its concentration is important. This paper presents the seasonal concentration contribution of PM1 and PM2...
May 30, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Tahir Rasheed, Chuanlong Li, Muhammad Bilal, Chunyang Yu, Hafiz M N Iqbal
A safer detection or sensing of toxic pollutants is one among several environmental contamination issues, across the globe. The ever-increasing industrial practices and controlled or uncontrolled release of toxic pollutants from various industrial sectors is a key source of this environmental problem. Significant research efforts have been or being made to tackle this problematic issue to fulfill the growing needs of the modern world. Despite many useful aspects, heavy metals are posing noteworthy toxicological concerns and human-health related issues at various levels of the ecosystem...
May 30, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Suraj Ghosh, Rumi Rabha, Mallika Chowdhury, Pratap Kumar Padhy
Levels of particulate matter of size ten micron (PM10 ) in outdoor air, potential PM10 -bound seven metals - manganese, zinc, cadmium, lead, copper, nickel and cobalt - and twelve water-soluble organic and inorganic ionic components - fluoride, acetate, chloride, nitrite, bromide, nitrate, phosphate, sulfate, oxalate, sodium, potassium and calcium - were investigated during two different season. Atmospheric PM10 samples were collected concurrently from three different sites, i.e., Durgapur (Industrial), Berhampore (Urban) and Bolpur (Semi-urban), West Bengal, India, during summer (April-June 2014) and winter (December 2014-February 2015)...
May 23, 2018: Chemosphere
Sankaran Krishnan, Sherin Panacherry
The detrimental effects of environmental pollution on one's health are undeniable and have been demonstrated time and time again. Breathing in pollutants in ambient air often has consequences throughout the body, including cardiovascular disease, effects on the reproductive system, and oncologic implications. In the respiratory system, chronic exposure yields a number of outcomes, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma exacerbations, increased rates of hospitalizations, and increased severity of acute illnesses...
May 30, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
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