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Wood stove health

Varun K Kasaraneni, Vinka Oyanedel-Craver
Exposure to high concentrations of carcinogenic pollutants in soils and sediments can result in increased health risks. Determining the levels and sources of contamination in developing communities is important for helping to reduce pollution and mitigate the risk of exposure. In the Mayan community of San Mateo Ixtatán, Guatemala, 24 samples of topsoil from urban, peri-urban, and agricultural sites and six samples of river sediment were collected and analyzed for 17 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)...
September 2016: Journal of Environmental Quality
Roberta Zangrando, Elena Barbaro, Torben Kirchgeorg, Marco Vecchiato, Elisa Scalabrin, Marta Radaelli, Dragana Đorđević, Carlo Barbante, Andrea Gambaro
Biomass burning and primary biological aerosol particles (PBAPs) represent important primary sources of organic compounds in the atmosphere. These particles and compounds are able to affect climate and human health. In the present work, using HPLC-orbitrapMS, we determined the atmospheric concentrations of molecular markers such as anhydrosugars and phenolic compounds that are specific for biomass burning, as well as the concentrations of sugars, alcohol sugars and d- and l-amino acids (D-AAs and L-AAs) for studying PBAPs in Belgrade (Serbia) aerosols collected in September-December 2008...
November 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Guofeng Shen, Yuanchen Chen, Wei Du, Nan Lin, Xilong Wang, Hefa Cheng, Junfeng Liu, Chunyu Xue, Guangqing Liu, Eddy Y Zeng, Baoshan Xing, Shu Tao
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) derivatives like nitrated and oxygenated PAHs are of growing concerns because of considerably higher toxicity and important roles during atmospheric chemical reactions. Residential solid fuel combustion is likely to be one large primary source of these pollutants in developing countries. In this study, inhalation exposure to nitrated and oxygenated PAH derivatives was evaluated among rural residents using carried samplers. The exposure levels of individual nitrated PAHs ranged from 4...
September 2016: Environmental Pollution
Chen Chen, Scott Zeger, Patrick Breysse, Joanne Katz, William Checkley, Frank C Curriero, James M Tielsch
High concentrations of household air pollution (HAP) due to biomass fuel usage with unvented, insufficient combustion devices are thought to be an important health risk factor in South Asia population. To better characterize the indoor concentrations of particulate matter (PM2.5) and carbon monoxide (CO), and to understand their impact on health in rural southern Nepal, this study analyzed daily monitoring data collected with DataRAM pDR-1000 and LASCAR CO data logger in 2980 households using traditional biomass cookstove indoor through the Nepal Cookstove Intervention Trial-Phase I between March 2010 and October 2011...
2016: PloS One
A I Miranda, J Ferreira, C Silveira, H Relvas, L Duque, P Roebeling, M Lopes, S Costa, A Monteiro, C Gama, E Sá, C Borrego, J P Teixeira
When ambient air quality standards established in the EU Directive 2008/50/EC are exceeded, Member States are obliged to develop and implement Air Quality Plans (AQP) to improve air quality and health. Notwithstanding the achievements in emission reductions and air quality improvement, additional efforts need to be undertaken to improve air quality in a sustainable way - i.e. through a cost-efficiency approach. This work was developed in the scope of the recently concluded MAPLIA project "Moving from Air Pollution to Local Integrated Assessment", and focuses on the definition and assessment of emission abatement measures and their associated costs, air quality and health impacts and benefits by means of air quality modelling tools, health impact functions and cost-efficiency analysis...
November 1, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Vi H Rapp, Julien J Caubel, Daniel L Wilson, Ashok J Gadgil
In order to address the health risks and climate impacts associated with pollution from cooking on biomass fires, researchers have focused on designing new cookstoves that improve cooking performance and reduce harmful emissions, specifically particulate matter (PM). One method for improving cooking performance and reducing emissions is using air injection to increase turbulence of unburned gases in the combustion zone. Although air injection reduces total PM mass emissions, the effect on PM size distribution and number concentration has not been thoroughly investigated...
August 2, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
René Mauricio Barría, Mario Calvo, Paulina Pino
INTRODUCTION: Air pollution by particulate matter (PM) is a major public health problem. In Chile, the study has focused on outdoor air and PM10, rather than indoor air and PM2.5. Because newborns and infants spend most of their time at home, it is necessary to evaluate the exposure to indoor air pollution in this susceptible population. OBJECTIVE: To determine concentration of PM2.5 in the homes of newborns and identify the emission sources of the pollutants. PATIENTS AND METHOD: The PM2...
May 27, 2016: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Esra Mutlu, Sarah H Warren, Seth M Ebersviller, Ingeborg M Kooter, Judith E Schmid, Janice A Dye, William P Linak, M Ian Gilmour, James J Jetter, Mark Higuchi, David M DeMarini
BACKGROUND: Emissions from solid fuels used for cooking cause ~4 million premature deaths per year. Advanced solid-fuel cookstoves are a potential solution, but they should be assessed by appropriate performance indicators, including biological effects. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated two categories of solid-fuel cookstoves for eight pollutant and four mutagenicity emission factors, correlated the mutagenicity emission factors, and compared them to those of other combustion emissions...
July 2016: Environmental Health Perspectives
J Martinsson, A C Eriksson, I Elbæk Nielsen, V Berg Malmborg, E Ahlberg, C Andersen, R Lindgren, R Nyström, E Z Nordin, W H Brune, B Svenningsson, E Swietlicki, C Boman, J H Pagels
The aim was to identify relationships between combustion conditions, particle characteristics, and optical properties of fresh and photochemically processed emissions from biomass combustion. The combustion conditions included nominal and high burn rate operation and individual combustion phases from a conventional wood stove. Low temperature pyrolysis upon fuel addition resulted in "tar-ball" type particles dominated by organic aerosol with an absorption Ångström exponent (AAE) of 2.5-2.7 and estimated Brown Carbon contributions of 50-70% to absorption at the climate relevant aethalometer-wavelength (520 nm)...
December 15, 2015: Environmental Science & Technology
Tal Lee Anderman, Ruth S DeFries, Stephen A Wood, Roseline Remans, Richie Ahuja, Shujayath E Ulla
Alternative cook stoves that replace solid fuels with cleaner energy sources, such as biogas, are gaining popularity in low-income settings across Asia, Africa, and South America. Published research on these technologies focuses on their potential to reduce indoor air pollution and improve respiratory health. Effects on other cooking-related aspects, such as diets and women's time management, are less understood. In this study, in southern India, we investigate if using biogas cook stoves alters household diets and women's time management...
2015: Frontiers in Nutrition
Tania Ruiz-Vera, Lucia G Pruneda-Álvarez, Ángeles C Ochoa-Martínez, José L Ramírez-GarcíaLuna, Mauricio Pierdant-Pérez, Antonio A Gordillo-Moscoso, Francisco J Pérez-Vázquez, Iván N Pérez-Maldonado
The use of solid fuels for cooking and heating is likely to be the largest source of indoor air pollution on a global scale; these fuels emit substantial amounts of toxic pollutants such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) when used in simple cooking stoves (such as open "three-stone" fires). Moreover, indoor air pollution from biomass fuels is considered an important risk factor for human health. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between exposure to PAHs from wood smoke and vascular dysfunction; in a group of Mexican women that use biomass combustion as their main energy source inside their homes...
September 2015: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Kristen D Ojo, Sutyajeet I Soneja, Carolyn G Scrafford, Subarna K Khatry, Steven C LeClerq, William Checkley, Joanne Katz, Patrick N Breysse, James M Tielsch
Alternative cookstoves are designed to improve biomass fuel combustion efficiency to reduce the amount of fuel used and lower emission of air pollutants. The Nepal Cookstove Trial (NCT) studies effects of alternative cookstoves on family health. Our study measured indoor particulate matter concentration (PM2.5), boiling time, and fuel use of cookstoves during a water-boiling test in a house-like setting in rural Nepal. Study I was designed to select a stove to be used in the NCT; Study II evaluated stoves used in the NCT...
July 2015: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Hannes Buchner, Eva A Rehfuess
BACKGROUND: Acute lower respiratory infections (ALRI) are a leading cause of death among African children under five. A significant proportion of these are attributable to household air pollution from solid fuel use. METHODS: We assessed the relationship between cooking practices and ALRI in pooled datasets of Demographic and Health Surveys conducted between 2000 and 2011 in countries of sub-Saharan Africa. The impacts of main cooking fuel, cooking location and stove ventilation were examined in 18 (n = 56,437), 9 (n = 23,139) and 6 countries (n = 14,561) respectively...
2015: PloS One
S Pieta K Nasanen-Gilmore, Subir Saha, Izaz Rasul, Emily K Rousham
OBJECTIVES: Respiratory tract infections (RTI) are one of the leading causes of under-five mortality in Bangladesh. Solid biomass fuels are the main source of domestic fuel used for cooking across Bangladesh, leading to smoke and pollution exposure in the home. This article aims to identify risk factors for RTI among children aged under five years in Bangladesh with a particular focus on the household environment, fuel use, and cooking practices. METHODS: A cross-sectional household-health survey was carried out in 321 households in northern Bangladesh...
November 2015: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
Guofeng Shen, Yuanchen Chen, Chunyu Xue, Nan Lin, Ye Huang, Huizhong Shen, Yilong Wang, Tongchao Li, Yanyan Zhang, Shu Su, Yibo Huangfu, Weihao Zhang, Xiaofu Chen, Guangqing Liu, Wenxin Liu, Xilong Wang, Ming-Hung Wong, Shu Tao
Residential solid fuel combustion is a major source of many pollutants, resulting in significant impacts on air quality and human health. Improved stoves, especially some modern gasifier biomass models, are being deployed to alleviate household and ambient air pollution. Pollutant emissions from coal burning in improved metal stoves (n = 11) and wood combustion in modern gasifier stoves (n = 8) were measured in field in Hubei, China. The emissions of CO, TSP, OC, EC, and PAHs from coal burning in the improved iron stoves were generally lower than previously reported results for coal in traditional stoves...
June 2, 2015: Environmental Science & Technology
Allen Namagembe, Nancy Muller, Lisa Mueller Scott, Greg Zwisler, Michael Johnson, Jennifer Arney, Dana Charron, Emmanuel Mugisha
This study looked at the effects of select behavior change interventions on the purchase and the correct and consistent use of a locally fabricated top-lit updraft (TLUD) stove in Uganda. Behavior change interventions included training of community sales agents and village health team volunteers on household air pollution and correct use, referral of interested community members to sales agents, community cooking demonstrations, information flyers, and direct sales of TLUDs and processed wood. Qualitative and quantitative research methods shaped interventions and were used to understand attitudes and practices related to TLUD stove acquisition and use...
2015: Journal of Health Communication
Rachmalina Prasodjo, D Anwar Musadad, Salut Muhidin, Jerico Pardosi, Maria Silalahi
Families in the Timor society of Indonesia have customarily used traditional houses, called Ume Kbubu, for confinement practices of a newborn baby and the mother during the first 40 days after birth. The practice, known as Sei (smoke) tradition, involves retaining heat, which is believed to foster healing, inside the house by continuously burning a wood burning stove. Exacerbated by inadequate ventilation in the traditional house, this practice results in poor indoor air quality and negatively affects the health of the mother and baby...
2015: Journal of Health Communication
Erin O Semmens, Curtis W Noonan, Ryan W Allen, Emily C Weiler, Tony J Ward
Ambient particulate matter (PM) exposures have adverse impacts on public health, but research evaluating indoor PM concentrations in rural homes in the United States using wood as fuel for heating is limited. Our objectives were to characterize indoor PM mass and particle number concentrations (PNCs), quantify infiltration of outdoor PM into the indoor environment, and investigate potential predictors of concentrations and infiltration in 96 homes in the northwestern US and Alaska using wood stoves as the primary source of heating...
April 2015: Environmental Research
Guofeng Shen, Siye Wei, Yanyan Zhang, Bin Wang, Rong Wang, Huizhong Shen, Wei Li, Ye Huang, Yuanchen Chen, Han Chen, Shu Tao
Emissions and size distributions of 28 particle-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from residential combustion of 19 fuels in a domestic cooking stove in rural China were studied. Measured emission factors of total PAHs were 1.79±1.55, 12.1±9.1, and 5.36±4.46 mg/kg for fuel wood, brushwood, and bamboo, respectively. Approximate 86.7, 65.0, and 79.7% of the PAHs were associated with fine particulate matter with size less than 2.1 µm for these three types of fuels. Statistically significant difference in emission factors and size distributions of particle-bound PAHs between fuel wood and brushwood was observed, with the former had lower emission factors but more PAHs in finer PM...
August 2014: Biomass & Bioenergy
Larry D Claxton
The combustion of solid fuels (like wood, animal dung, and coal) usually involves elevated temperatures and altered pressures and genotoxicants (e.g., PAHs) are likely to form. These substances are carcinogenic in experimental animals, and epidemiological studies implicate these fuels (especially their emissions) as carcinogens in man. Globally, ∼50% of all households and ∼90% of all rural households use solid fuels for cooking or heating and these fuels often are burnt in simple stoves with very incomplete combustion...
October 2014: Mutation Research. Reviews in Mutation Research
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