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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425314/effect-of-transmucosal-corn-syrup-application-on-postoperative-blood-glucose-concentrations-in-kittens
#1
Heather N Cornell, Stephanie L Shaver, Danielle N Semick, Nancy C Bradley, Rachael E Kreisler
Objectives The aim of the study was to determine the effect of a common clinical practice, the transmucosal (TM) application of corn syrup, on postoperative blood glucose concentrations in kittens. Methods This study was designed as a randomized controlled trial. Seventy-five kittens between the age of 8 and 16 weeks scheduled for surgical sterilization by gonadectomy at an animal shelter were enrolled. Kittens were randomly assigned to either a routine treatment group that received the shelter's typical postoperative application of corn syrup immediately following gonadectomy or to a control group that did not receive typical treatment...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404206/farming-and-ranching-related-injuries-in-southern-idaho
#2
Jackson Shaver, Drew McRoberts, Brian O'Byrne, Bill Morgan, Kevin Krall, Christian Surjan, John Mayberry
INTRODUCTION: Agriculture is an inherently dangerous industry. We sought injury data for use with the Idaho Time Sensitive Emergency (TSE) system to formulate goals and track improvements. METHODS: Registries in southern Idaho were queried for ICD-9-CM diagnoses related to agriculture in 2014. Injuries known or likely to have occurred on properties intended for farming, ranching, animal care, or milk production, and relating to those activities were included. RESULTS: Among 72 patients, injuries were related to horses (31%), machinery (17%), ATVs (17%), and hay bales/haystacks (13%)...
March 31, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388508/mechanisms-of-cardioprotection-via-modulation-of-the-immune-response
#3
REVIEW
Gabriel A Grilo, Patti R Shaver, Lisandra E de Castro Brás
Both morbidity and mortality as a result of cardiovascular disease remain significant worldwide and account for approximately 31% of annual deaths in the US. Current research is focused on novel therapeutic strategies to protect the heart during and after ischemic events and from subsequent adverse myocardial remodeling. After cardiac insult, the immune system is activated and plays an essential role in the beginning, development, and resolution of the healing cascade. Uncontrolled inflammatory responses can cause chronic disease and exacerbate progression to heart failure and therefore, constitute a major area of focus of cardiac therapies...
April 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378354/ecological-regime-shift-drives-declining-growth-rates-of-sea-turtles-throughout-the-west-atlantic
#4
Karen A Bjorndal, Alan B Bolten, Milani Chaloupka, Vincent S Saba, Cláudio Bellini, Maria A G Marcovaldi, Armando J B Santos, Luis Felipe Wurdig Bortolon, Anne B Meylan, Peter A Meylan, Jennifer Gray, Robert Hardy, Beth Brost, Michael Bresette, Jonathan C Gorham, Stephen Connett, Barbara Van Sciver Crouchley, Mike Dawson, Deborah Hayes, Carlos E Diez, Robert P van Dam, Sue Willis, Mabel Nava, Kristen M Hart, Michael S Cherkiss, Andrew G Crowder, Clayton Pollock, Zandy Hillis-Starr, Fernando A Muñoz Tenería, Roberto Herrera-Pavón, Vanessa Labrada-Martagón, Armando Lorences, Ana Negrete-Philippe, Margaret M Lamont, Allen M Foley, Rhonda Bailey, Raymond R Carthy, Russell Scarpino, Erin McMichael, Jane A Provancha, Annabelle Brooks, Adriana Jardim, Milagros López-Mendilaharsu, Daniel González-Paredes, Andrés Estrades, Alejandro Fallabrino, Gustavo Martínez-Souza, Gabriela M Vélez-Rubio, Ralf H Boulon, Jaime A Collazo, Robert Wershoven, Vicente Guzmán Hernández, Thomas B Stringell, Amdeep Sanghera, Peter B Richardson, Annette C Broderick, Quinton Phillips, Marta Calosso, John A B Claydon, Tasha L Metz, Amanda L Gordon, Andre M Landry, Donna J Shaver, Janice Blumenthal, Lucy Collyer, Brendan J Godley, Andrew McGowan, Matthew J Witt, Cathi L Campbell, Cynthia J Lagueux, Thomas L Bethel, Lory Kenyon
Somatic growth is an integrated, individual-based response to environmental conditions, especially in ectotherms. Growth dynamics of large, mobile animals are particularly useful as bio-indicators of environmental change at regional scales. We assembled growth rate data from throughout the West Atlantic for green turtles, Chelonia mydas, which are long-lived, highly migratory, primarily herbivorous mega-consumers that may migrate over hundreds to thousands of kilometers. Our dataset, the largest ever compiled for sea turtles, has 9690 growth increments from 30 sites from Bermuda to Uruguay from 1973 to 2015...
April 4, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362823/news-exposure-predicts-anti-muslim-prejudice
#5
John H Shaver, Chris G Sibley, Danny Osborne, Joseph Bulbulia
News coverage of Islamic extremism is reigniting debates about the media's role in promoting prejudice toward Muslims. Psychological theories of media-induced prejudice date to the 1950's, and find support from controlled experiments. However, national-scale studies of media effects on Muslim prejudice are lacking. Orthogonal research investigating media-induced prejudice toward immigrants has failed to establish any link. Moreover, it has been found that people interpret the news in ways that confirm pre-existing attitudes, suggesting that media induced Muslim prejudice in liberal democracies is unlikely...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358543/dispositional-pathways-to-trust-self-esteem-and-agreeableness-interact-to-predict-trust-and-negative-emotional-disclosure
#6
Megan H McCarthy, Joanne V Wood, John G Holmes
Expressing our innermost thoughts and feelings is critical to the development of intimacy (Reis & Shaver, 1988), but also risks negative evaluation and rejection. Past research suggests that people with high self-esteem are more expressive and self-disclosing because they trust that others care for them and will not reject them (Gaucher et al., 2012). However, feeling good about oneself may not always be enough; disclosure may also depend on how we feel about other people. Drawing on the principles of risk regulation theory (Murray et al...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333937/variability-in-age-and-size-at-maturation-reproductive-longevity-and-long-term-growth-dynamics-for-kemp-s-ridley-sea-turtles-in-the-gulf-of-mexico
#7
Larisa Avens, Lisa R Goshe, Lewis Coggins, Donna J Shaver, Ben Higgins, Andre M Landry, Rhonda Bailey
Effective management of protected sea turtle populations requires knowledge not only of mean values for demographic and life-history parameters, but also temporal and spatial trends, variability, and underlying causes. For endangered Kemp's ridley sea turtles (Lepidochelys kempii), the need for baseline information of this type has been emphasized during attempts to understand causes underlying the recent truncation in the recovery trajectory for nesting females. To provide insight into variability in age and size at sexual maturation (ASM and SSM) and long-term growth patterns likely to influence population trends, we conducted skeletochronological analysis of humerus bones from 333 Kemp's ridleys stranded throughout the Gulf of Mexico (GOM) from 1993 to 2010...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331139/arthroscopic-removal-and-tendon-repair-for-refractory-rotator-cuff-calcific-tendinitis-of-the-shoulder
#8
Hiroshi Hashiguchi, Satoshi Iwashita, Atsushi Okubo, Shinro Takai
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical and radiological outcomes of arthroscopic treatment for refractory rotator cuff calcific tendinitis of the shoulder. METHODS: Subjects were 37 patients (35 women and 2 men; mean age, 47.8 years; age range 34-61 years) who had undergone arthroscopic treatment for calcific tendinitis of the shoulder. Despite sufficient nonsurgical treatments, all patients had residual calcific deposit with persistent or recurrent pain...
2017: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319178/inter-nesting-movements-and-habitat-use-of-adult-female-kemp-s-ridley-turtles-in-the-gulf-of-mexico
#9
Donna J Shaver, Kristen M Hart, Ikuko Fujisaki, David Bucklin, Autumn R Iverson, Cynthia Rubio, Thomas F Backof, Patrick M Burchfield, Raul de Jesus Gonzales Diaz Miron, Peter H Dutton, Amy Frey, Jaime Peña, Daniel Gomez Gamez, Hector J Martinez, Jaime Ortiz
Species vulnerability is increased when individuals congregate in restricted areas for breeding; yet, breeding habitats are not well defined for many marine species. Identification and quantification of these breeding habitats are essential to effective conservation. Satellite telemetry and switching state-space modeling (SSM) were used to define inter-nesting habitat of endangered Kemp's ridley turtles (Lepidochelys kempii) in the Gulf of Mexico. Turtles were outfitted with satellite transmitters after nesting at Padre Island National Seashore, Texas, USA, from 1998 through 2013 (n = 60); Rancho Nuevo, Tamaulipas, Mexico, during 2010 and 2011 (n = 11); and Tecolutla, Veracruz, Mexico, during 2012 and 2013 (n = 11)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306747/hypothermic-stunning-of-green-sea-turtles-in-a-western-gulf-of-mexico-foraging-habitat
#10
Donna J Shaver, Philippe E Tissot, Mary M Streich, Jennifer Shelby Walker, Cynthia Rubio, Anthony F Amos, Jeffrey A George, Michelle R Pasawicz
Texas waters provide one of the most important developmental and foraging habitats for juvenile green turtles (Chelonia mydas) in the western Gulf of Mexico, but hypothermic stunning is a significant threat and was the largest cause of green turtle strandings in Texas from 1980 through 2015; of the 8,107 green turtles found stranded, 4,529 (55.9%) were victims of hypothermic stunning. Additionally, during this time, 203 hypothermic stunned green turtles were found incidentally captured due to power plant water intake entrapment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301042/stability-of-attachment-style-in-adolescence-an-empirical-test-of-alternative-developmental-processes
#11
Jason D Jones, R Chris Fraley, Katherine B Ehrlich, Jessica A Stern, C W Lejuez, Phillip R Shaver, Jude Cassidy
Few studies have examined stability and change in attachment during adolescence. This 5-year longitudinal study (a) examined whether prototype or revisionist developmental dynamics better characterized patterns of stability and change in adolescent attachment (at T1, N = 176; Mage  = 14.0 years, SD = 0.9), (b) tested potential moderators of prototype-like attachment stability, and (c) compared attachment stability in adolescence to stability in adulthood. The results supported the prototype model, which assumes that there is a stable, enduring factor underlying stability and change in attachment...
March 16, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273280/comparison-of-posttransplant-dermatologic-diseases-by-race
#12
Christina Lee Chung, Kumar S Nadhan, Christine M Shaver, Lauren M Ogrich, Mark Abdelmalek, Carrie Ann Cusack, Gregory E Malat, Ellen N Pritchett, Alden Doyle
Importance: The risk for skin cancer has been well characterized in white organ transplant recipients (OTRs); however, most patients on the waiting list for organ transplant in the United States are nonwhite. Little is known about cutaneous disease and skin cancer risk in this OTR population. Objective: To compare the incidence of cutaneous disease between white and nonwhite OTRs. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective review of medical records included 412 OTRs treated from November 1, 2011, through April 22, 2016, at an academic referral center...
March 8, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270498/a-randomized-phase-ii-neoadjuvant-study-of-cisplatin-paclitaxel-with-or-without-everolimus-in-patients-with-stage-ii-iii-triple-negative-breast-cancer-tnbc
#13
Bojana Jovanovic, Ingrid A Mayer, Erica L Mayer, Vandana G Abramson, Aditya Bardia, Melinda Sanders, Maria G Kuba, Monica Valeria Estrada, J Scott Beeler, Timothy M Shaver, Kimberly N Johnson, Violeta Sanchez, Jennifer M Rosenbluth, Patrick M Dillon, Andres Forrero-Torres, Jenny C Chang, Ingrid Meszoely, Ana Grau, Brian D Lehmann, Yu Shyr, Quanhu Sheng, Sheau-Chiann Chen, Carlos L Arteaga, Jennifer A Pietenpol
PURPOSE: Due to inherent disease heterogeneity, targeted therapies have eluded TNBC, and biomarkers predictive of treatment response have not yet been identified. This study was designed to determine if the mTOR inhibitor everolimus with cisplatin and paclitaxel would provide synergistic anti-tumor effects in TNBC. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Stage II/III patients with TNBC were enrolled in a randomized phase II trial of preoperative weekly cisplatin, paclitaxel and daily everolimus or placebo for 12 weeks, until definitive surgery...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270306/toll-like-receptor-2-and-its-relationship-with-streptococcus-in-psoriasis
#14
Jing Zhang, Christine Shaver, Lane Neidig, Krister Jones, Carrie A Cusack, Herbert B Allen
The authors present the immunopathologic findings of Toll-like receptor 2 in psoriasis. This novel work shows positive staining within the dermal capillaries in psoriatic lesions. Neither normal skin nor lesional skin in eczema showed similar staining. The authors postulate how the activation of this innate immune system reactant plays a significant role in psoriasis and show how it may be associated with a cascade of events that begins with streptococcus and ends with psoriasis.
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263375/shrub-encroachment-in-arctic-tundra-betula-nana-effects-on-above-and-belowground-litter-decomposition
#15
Jennie R McLaren, Kate M Buckeridge, Martine J van de Weg, Gaius R Shaver, Joshua P Schimel, Laura Gough
Rapid arctic vegetation change as a result of global warming includes an increase in the cover and biomass of deciduous shrubs. Increases in shrub abundance will result in a proportional increase of shrub litter in the litter community, potentially affecting carbon turnover rates in arctic ecosystems. We investigated the effects of leaf and root litter of a deciduous shrub, Betula nana, on decomposition, by examining species-specific decomposition patterns, as well as effects of Betula litter on the decomposition of other species...
March 6, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243178/evaluation-of-the-knowledge-on-cost-of-orthopedic-implants-among-orthopedic-surgeons
#16
Gustavo Gonçalves Arliani, Rodrigo Guerra Sabongi, Alysson Ferreira Batista, Diego Costa Astur, Guilherme Guadagnini Falotico, Moises Cohen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the knowledge of Brazilian Orthopedic Surgeons on the costs of orthopedic surgical devices used in surgical implants . METHODS: A questionnaire was applied to Brazilian Orthopedic Surgeons during the 46(th) Brazilian Congress on Orthopedics and Traumatology . RESULTS: Two hundred and one Orthopedic Surgeons completely filled out the questionnaire. The difference between the average prices estimated by the surgeons and the average prices provided by the supplier companies was 47...
July 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217589/relationship-between-attachment-styles-and-happiness-in-medical-students
#17
Marzyeh Moghadam, Farzin Rezaei, Ebrahim Ghaderi, Negar Rostamian
BACKGROUND: Attachment theory is one of the most important achievements of contemporary psychology. Role of medical students in the community health is important, so we need to know about the situation of happiness and attachment style in these students. OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to assess the relationship between medical students' attachment styles and demographic characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on randomly selected students of Medical Sciences in Kurdistan University, in 2012...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153533/dysregulation-of-gene-expression-in-the-striatum-of-bachd-rats-expressing-full-length-mutant-huntingtin-and-associated-abnormalities-on-molecular-and-protein-levels
#18
Libo Yu-Taeger, Michael Bonin, Janice Stricker-Shaver, Olaf Riess, Hoa Huu Phuc Nguyen
Huntington disease (HD) is an autosomal dominantly inherited neurodegenerative disorder caused by a CAG repeat expansion in the gene coding for the huntingtin protein (HTT). Mutant HTT (mHTT) has been proposed to cause neuronal dysfunction and neuronal loss through multiple mechanisms. Transcriptional changes may be a core pathogenic feature of HD. Utilizing the Affymetrix platform we performed a genome-wide RNA expression analysis in two BACHD transgenic rat lines (TG5 and TG9) at 12 months of age, both of which carry full-length human mHTT but with different expression levels...
January 30, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135808/behavioral-assessment-of-the-negative-emotion-aspect-of-distress-tolerance
#19
Jennifer C Veilleux, Garrett A Pollert, Melissa J Zielinski, Jennifer A Shaver, Morgan A Hill
The current behavioral tasks assessing distress tolerance measure tolerance to frustration and tolerance to physical discomfort, but do not explicitly assess tolerance to negative emotion. We closely evaluated the conceptual distinctions between current behavioral tasks and self-report tasks assessing distress tolerance, and then developed a new behavioral distress tolerance task called the Emotional Image Tolerance (EIT) task. The EIT task retains elements of existing behavioral tasks (e.g., indices of persistence) while augmenting the reliability and content sufficiency of existing measures by including multiple trials, including a variety of negative affect stimuli, and separating overall task persistence from task persistence after onset of distress...
January 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116685/ecosystem-responses-to-climate-change-at-a-low-arctic-and-a-high-arctic-long-term-research-site
#20
John E Hobbie, Gaius R Shaver, Edward B Rastetter, Jessica E Cherry, Scott J Goetz, Kevin C Guay, William A Gould, George W Kling
Long-term measurements of ecological effects of warming are often not statistically significant because of annual variability or signal noise. These are reduced in indicators that filter or reduce the noise around the signal and allow effects of climate warming to emerge. In this way, certain indicators act as medium pass filters integrating the signal over years-to-decades. In the Alaskan Arctic, the 25-year record of warming of air temperature revealed no significant trend, yet environmental and ecological changes prove that warming is affecting the ecosystem...
February 2017: Ambio
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