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Radon gas

Douglas R Tait, Damien Troy Maher, Wei Wen Wong, Isaac R Santos, Mahmood Sadat-Noori, Ceylena Holloway, Perran Louis Miall Cook
Estuaries are an important source of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, but uncertainties remain in the flux rates and production pathways of greenhouse gases in these dynamic systems. This study performs simultaneous high resolution measurements of the three major greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide) as well as carbon stable isotope ratios of carbon dioxide and methane, above and below the pycnocline along a salt wedge estuary (Yarra River estuary, Australia). We identified distinct zones of elevated greenhouse gas concentrations...
November 8, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
S Pierre, B Sabot, P Cassette, J Liang, S Courte, L Ferreux, G Ratel
Two main non-destructive techniques can be used to measure standard (222)Rn gas ampoules: well-type ionization chambers and gamma-ray spectrometry, the former being used in the Système International de Référence (SIR) for international comparison purposes. The reliability of these techniques requires that the variability of the flame-sealed gas glass ampoules used have a negligible influence on the detector response. This variability is studied in this work by considering three parameters: the volume of the ampoule, the position of the sealing point and the thickness of the glass...
October 31, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Jácint Jónás, János Somlai, Anita Csordás, Edit Tóth-Bodrogi, Tibor Kovács
In petroleum engineering, the produced drilling mud sometimes contains elevated amounts of natural radioactivity. In this study, a remediated Hungarian drilling mud depository was investigated from a radiological perspective. The depository was monitored before and after a clay layer was applied as covering. In this study, the ambient dose equivalent rate H*(10) of the depository has been measured by a Scintillator Probe (6150AD-b Dose Rate Meter). Outdoor radon concentration, radon concentration in soil gas, and in situ field radon exhalation measurements were carried out using a pulse-type ionization chamber (AlphaGUARD radon monitor)...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
F Kabrt, A Baumgartner, M Stietka, F J Maringer
The radioactive noble gas radon is identified as the highest risk factor for lung cancer after smoking. The exhalation of radon from building materials can contribute to the radon indoor activity concentration. Therefore, the emanation of radon might be a crucial factor. It is defined as the release of radon from the solid soil matter into the pore space of the material. This article describes a new on-site measurement method for the emanation of radon from building materials at industrial sites. Therefore, a closed vessel with sample material and a passive radon detector inside is used to measure the integrated build-up-curve of the activity concentration...
September 19, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
F Tondeur, G Cinelli, B Dehandschutter
Radon risk maps are usually based either on indoor radon data, or on measurements of soil gas radon and soil permeability. If these data are not available or not sufficient, it was suggested that other data could be used as an approximate substitute (a proxy) to the missing information, like the concentration of 238U or 226Ra in soils or the terrestrial gamma dose rate (TGDR). We examine here the correlation between airborne measurements of soil U and indoor radon, and between airborne U and TGDR, and their link with affected/unaffected areas...
September 23, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
C Sabbarese, F Ambrosino, F De Cicco, M Pugliese, M Quarto, V Roca
This work concerns continuous monitoring of radon and thoron specific activity in soil gas within the framework of identifying possible anomalies. It is based on the analysis of a medium-term data record obtained from soil gas in an area of geophysical interest. The RaMonA spectrometric system is also used to measure the climatic parameters and a specific analysis of the alpha spectra is performed to better determine the alpha lines intensity. Since radon emission is also influenced by meteorological parameters, it is mandatory to differentiate the changes due to the deep phenomena...
September 23, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
C Licour, F Tondeur, I Gerardy, N Medaghri Alaoui, N Dubois, R Perreaux, N Gerardy, D Christiaens
Knowing the concentration of 226Ra in soil and of 222Rn in soil gas is important for the analysis of indoor radon data and the prediction of radon-prone areas. Except for soil Rn in Ardenne, the data concerning these two radionuclides in Belgian soils are very scarce. In the context of Master theses and international courses, students made 92 measurements of 226Ra in soil samples, 105 of 222Rn in soil gas, and 74 of soil permeability, a significant addition to the existing similar data. The data are analysed in relation with soil texture, geological units and indoor radon risk...
September 19, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Mohammad R Tanha, Jan-Willem Vahlbruch, Beate Riebe, Josef Irlinger, Werner Rühm, Fazal R Khalid, Abobaker Storai, Clemens Walther
Radon gas concentrations in eight basements, four living rooms and four caves from different locations in Kabul and Panjsher, Afghanistan, were measured by using eight active radon exposure meters recently developed by the Helmholtz Center in Munich, Germany. The two-phase measurements lasted from a week to a year. In the first phase of measurements which lasted one week, the mean activity concentrations ranged from 6 to 120 Bq/m3 and 25 to 139 Bq/m3 for the basements and caves, respectively. In the second phase of measurements which lasted one year, the mean activity concentrations ranged from 33 to 2064 Bq/m3 and the corresponding effective annual doses calculated for the inhabitants were in the range between 0...
July 18, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
A K Visnuprasad, G Jaikrishnan, B K Sahoo, C E Pereira, P J Jojo
In an environment having thorium rich soil the activity concentration of thoron in soil gas and ground-level outside air is comparable to that to radon. Recent reports indicate that in terms of the energy of the alpha particle decays of thoron's progeny, its concentration in indoor air is significant, typically about half that due to radon progeny. We made a detailed radiometric profiling of inhalation dose to the population of the high background radiation area in the west southern coastal region of India...
September 15, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Z Daraktchieva, J M Wasikiewicz, C B Howarth, E J Bradley
The Vale of Pickering in Yorkshire, England has been identified as a potential area for shale gas extraction. Public Health England joined a collaboration led by the British Geological Survey for environmental baseline monitoring near the potential shale gas extraction site following a grant award from UK Government Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy. The analysis of results for the first 6 months of indoor monitoring indicated that the results followed a log-normal distribution. The numbers of homes found to be at or above the Action Level followed the numbers predicted by the radon potential maps...
September 15, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Naomi H Harley, Passaporn Chittaporn, Isabel M Fisenne
Long-term measurements of the 222Rn concentration, 222Rn decay product activity, particle size distribution, and unattached, and attached 222Rn decay products, were made at two locations using the 22 y radon decay product 210Pb as their tracer. The particle size sampler collects both short lived 222Rn decay products that ultimately decay to 210Pb on the filters, and also airborne 210Pb. The measurements were made outdoors, at a suburban home and at Fernald, OH, a former uranium processing facility, on top of one of the two 226Ra storage silos containing 150 TBq 226Ra...
September 15, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
P Paewpanchon, S Chanyotha
A technique for the determination of the radon concentration in natural gas using charcoal adsorption has been developed to study the effects of parameters that influence the adsorption efficiency of radon onto activated charcoal. Several sets of experiments were conducted both in the laboratory and in an actual natural gas field for comparison. The results show that the adsorption capability of radon onto activated charcoal varies inversely with temperature, hydrocarbon concentration and the humidity contained within the natural gas...
September 18, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
M Erdogan, K Manisa, V Zedef
Water samples for radon-gas analyses were collected from springs in and around the town of Seydişehir. Radon concentration in the spring water has been measured using the AlphaGUARD PQ 2000PRO radon detector. Radon activity results varied from 1.85 to 99.27 Bq l-1. The radon level at the measurement points could have been controlled by local geological conditions (i.e. faults) and human activities. We also calculated annual effective doses resulting from the consumption of these water samples.
September 18, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
F Kabrt, A Baumgartner, M Stietka, H Friedmann, V Gruber, W Ringer, F J Maringer
The European Basic Safety Standards demand the prediction of areas where a significant number of households exceed the reference level for the radon activity concentration. Therefore, radon maps are established which are based on indoor and soil gas measurements. In this study results of soil gas measurements are interpolated to get a value for the radon activity concentration in the soil gas at the coordinates of an indoor measurement and enable a direct comparison of both results. For the interpolation the inverse weighting value is applied...
September 15, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Chenhua Li, Hui Zhang, Hejun Su, Huiling Zhou, Yanhong Wang
This study concerns measurement of (222)Rn and mercury concentrations in soil-gas in the northern margin fault zone of West Qinling, Tibet (China). Based on profiles crossing perpendicularly the different segments of the fault at six different locations, the relations between the gas measurements, fault deformation, and seismic activity in each segment of the studied fault were analyzed, determining seismic risks in the fault zone. Soil-gas data are heterogeneous, but appear relatively organized along the three segments of the fault...
November 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Peng Li, Ruiwen Zhang, Mintian Gu, Guiling Zheng
Radon ((222)Rn) is a natural radioactive gas and the major radioactive contributor to human exposure. The present effective ways to control Rn contamination are ventilation and adsorption with activated carbon. Plants are believed to be negligible in reducing airborne Rn. Here, we found epiphytic Tillandsia brachycaulos (Bromeliaceae) was effective in reducing airborne Rn via the leaves. Rn concentrations in the Rn chamber after Tillandsia plant treatments decreased more than those in the natural situation...
January 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Juncheng Liang, Zhijie Yang, Liyuan Wang, Zexi Li, Ming Zhang, Haoran Liu, Daqing Yuan
A defined solid angle counting apparatus for radon-222 activity absolute measurement is presented. Two home-made vacuum sealed radium-226 sources with radioactivity of 500kBq and 3MBq are used to minimize the impact from gas impurities. The defined solid angle is calculated using precisely measured geometrical parameters by several algorithms. The result from Monte Carlo simulation agrees with results obtained by other methods within the estimated uncertainty limit. Alpha particle's scattering behavior in the measurement chamber and collimator is simulated by the geant4 code and a total scattering alpha particle ratio of 0...
July 29, 2017: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Steven Lehrer, Peter H Rheinstein, Kenneth E Rosenzweig
BACKGROUND: Exposure of the brain to ionizing radiation might promote the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). OBJECTIVE: Analysis of AD death rates versus radon background radiation and total background radiation in U.S. states. METHODS: Total background, radon background, cosmic and terrestrial background radiation measurements are from Assessment of Variations in Radiation Exposure in the United States and Report No. 160 - Ionizing Radiation Exposure of the Population of the United States...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Reo Etani, Takahiro Kataoka, Norie Kanzaki, Akihiro Sakoda, Hiroshi Tanaka, Yuu Ishimori, Fumihiro Mitsunobu, Takehito Taguchi, Kiyonori Yamaoka
Radon therapy using radon (222Rn) gas is classified into two types of treatment: inhalation of radon gas and drinking water containing radon. Although short- or long-term intake of spa water is effective in increasing gastric mucosal blood flow, and spa water therapy is useful for treating chronic gastritis and gastric ulcer, the underlying mechanisms for and precise effects of radon protection against mucosal injury are unclear. In the present study, we examined the protective effects of hot spring water drinking and radon inhalation on ethanol-induced gastric mucosal injury in mice...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
Patricia Blanco-Rodríguez, Luis Alfonso Fernández-Serantes, Alberto Otero-Pazos, José Luis Calvo-Rolle, Francisco Javier de Cos Juez
Radon gas is the second leading cause of lung cancer, causing thousands of deaths annually. It can be a problem for people or animals in houses, workplaces, schools or any building. Therefore, its mitigation has become essential to avoid health problems and to prevent radon from interfering in radioactive measurements. This study describes the implementation of radon mitigation systems at a radioactivity laboratory in order to reduce interferences in the different works carried out. A large set of radon concentration samples is obtained from measurements at the laboratory...
May 11, 2017: Sensors
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