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Psychiatry Updates

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593578/mental-disorder-the-need-for-an-accurate-definition
#1
Diogo Telles-Correia, Sérgio Saraiva, Jorge Gonçalves
There are several reasons why a definition for mental disorder is essential. Among these are not only reasons linked to psychiatry itself as a science (nosology, research) but also to ethical, legal, and financial issues. The first formal definition of mental disorder resulted from a deep conceptual analysis led by Robert Spitzer. It emerged to address several challenges that psychiatry faced at the time, namely to serve as the starting point for an atheoretical and evidence-based classification of mental disorders, to justify the removal of homosexuality from classifications, and to counter the arguments of antipsychiatry...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580107/erratum
#2
(no author information available yet)
Narayan SW, Jamieson HA, Nishtala PS. Evaluation of the National Minimum Data Set for Neurological Conditions in Older Adults. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology. 2017; 30(6):331-336. doi: 10.1177/0891988717732154 In the above-referenced article, the corresponding author's qualifications were incorrectly listed as BPharm, MPharm, PG DipClinPharm, PhD which is an overlap of another author's qualifications. The online and print versions have been updated to reflect the correct qualification of the corresponding author as BPharm, MPharmPrac...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560952/-name-is-a-term-in-clinical-terminology
#3
M A Gorshenina, V V Robustova
The paper addresses cognitive mechanisms of nomination on the examples of using proper nouns in the names of clinical syndromes. The authors explore the names of syndromes in neurology and psychiatry which are underpinned by onomastic metaphors or metonymy. The most frequent sources of the secondary use of proper nouns in clinical terminology are literature, history, mythology, religion and cinematograph. A choice of name for a new syndrome is determined by objective as well as subjective factors. Syndrome names with an onomastic component are based on associative thinking...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527049/ranchi-institute-of-neuro-psychiatry-and-allied-sciences-a-pioneer-in-the-field-of-psychiatry-in-india
#4
Suprakash Chaudhury, Ajay Kumar Bakhla, Subhas Soren
Ranchi Institute of Neuro-Psychiatry and Allied Sciences (RINPAS; Ranchi Indian Mental Hospital; Ranchi Manasik Aryogyashala) traces its origin from a lunatic asylum for Indian soldiers established at Munghyr in Bihar in 1795 and thus is the first mental hospital in India established by the British purely for Indian patients as well as the second oldest functioning mental hospital in India. The hospital made great strides in improving patients care and using modern methods of assessment and treatment as well as education and research during the tenure of Dr J E Dhunjibhoy the first Indian medical superintendent...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493375/tdm-in-psychiatry-and-neurology-a-comprehensive-summary-of-the-consensus-guidelines-for-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-in-neuropsychopharmacology-update-2017-a-tool-for-clinicians
#5
Georgios Schoretsanitis, Michael Paulzen, Stefan Unterecker, Markus Schwarz, Andreas Conca, Gerald Zernig, Gerhard Gründer, Ekkerhard Haen, Pierre Baumann, Niels Bergemann, Hans Willi Clement, Katharina Domschke, Gabriel Eckermann, Karin Egberts, Manfred Gerlach, Christine Greiner, Ursula Havemann-Reinecke, Gudrun Hefner, Renate Helmer, Ger Janssen, Eveline Jaquenoud-Sirot, Gerd Laux, Thomas Messer, Rainald Mössner, Matthias J Müller, Bruno Pfuhlmann, Peter Riederer, Alois Saria, Bernd Schoppek, Margarete Silva Gracia, Benedikt Stegmann, Werner Steimer, Julia C Stingl, Manfred Uhr, Sven Ulrich, Roland Waschgler, Gabriela Zurek, Christoph Hiemke
OBJECTIVES: Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) combines the quantification of drug concentrations in blood, pharmacological interpretation and treatment guidance. TDM introduces a precision medicine tool in times of increasing awareness of the need for personalized treatment. In neurology and psychiatry, TDM can guide pharmacotherapy for patient subgroups such as children, adolescents, pregnant women, elderly patients, patients with intellectual disabilities, patients with substance use disorders, individuals with pharmacokinetic peculiarities and forensic patients...
April 2018: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490922/living-network-meta-analysis-compared-with-pairwise-meta-analysis-in-comparative-effectiveness-research-empirical-study
#6
REVIEW
Adriani Nikolakopoulou, Dimitris Mavridis, Toshi A Furukawa, Andrea Cipriani, Andrea C Tricco, Sharon E Straus, George C M Siontis, Matthias Egger, Georgia Salanti
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the continuous updating of networks of prospectively planned randomised controlled trials (RCTs) ("living" network meta-analysis) provides strong evidence against the null hypothesis in comparative effectiveness of medical interventions earlier than the updating of conventional, pairwise meta-analysis. DESIGN: Empirical study of the accumulating evidence about the comparative effectiveness of clinical interventions. DATA SOURCES: Database of network meta-analyses of RCTs identified through searches of Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews until 14 April 2015...
February 28, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484950/the-psychiatry-ashes-test-march-update
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467818/knowledge-transfer-a-worldwide-challenge-in-child-mental-health-a-recommendation-to-the-readership-of-capmh-concerning-the-revised-version-of-the-iacapap-textbook-of-child-and-adolescent-mental-health
#8
Anna T Maier, Rebecca C Brown, Joerg M Fegert
Background: Transfer of knowledge is an important issue throughout all scientific disciplines, especially in the medical and psycho-social field. The issue of worldwide knowledge transfer in child mental health is one of the aims and goals of the journal Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health (CAPMH). The demand for mental health training is high worldwide, and especially in low- to lower-middle income countries, where inadequate access to knowledge resources in the field of child and adolescent mental health (CAMH) is prevalent...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465026/great-boast-small-roast-on-effects-of-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-response-to-a-critique-of-our-systematic-review
#9
Kiran Kumar Katakam, Naqash Javaid Sethi, Janus Christian Jakobsen, Christian Gluud
Our systematic review in BMC Psychiatry concluded that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) compared with placebo significantly increase the risk of serious adverse events (SAEs) in patients with major depression and the potential beneficial effects of SSRIs seem to be outweighed by the harms. Hieronymus et al. accused us of methodological inaccuracies and blatant errors. In their post-hoc analysis of our data, they reported that SSRIs only increase the risk of SAEs in elderly and seems safe for non-elderly patients...
February 21, 2018: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400562/the-psychiatry-ashes-test-february-update
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289377/treatment-of-paraphilic-disorders-in-sexual-offenders-or-men-with-a-risk-of-sexual-offending-with-luteinizing-hormone-releasing-hormone-agonists-an-updated-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Daniel Turner, Peer Briken
BACKGROUND: Different pharmacologic agents are used in the treatment of paraphilic disorders in sexual offenders or men with a risk of sexual offending, with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists being the agents introduced more recently to treatment regimens. AIM: To summarize the relevant literature concerning LHRH agonist treatment of paraphilic disorders in sexual offenders and update the previously published systematic review by Briken et al (J Clin Psychiatry 2003;64:890-897)...
January 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197196/analysis-of-the-prevalence-of-mental-disorders-in-psoriasis-the-relevance-of-psychiatric-assessment-in-dermatology
#12
Bárbara Roque Ferreira, José Luís Pio-Abreu, José Pedro Reis, Américo Figueiredo
BACKGROUND: The boundary between Dermatology and Psychiatry has increasing recognition. Psoriasis is a common psychophysiological skin disease with a major impact on patient's quality of life and a paradigmatic example of a pathology in that boundary. Studies are needed to exactly point out the prevalence of specific psychopathology and mental disorders associated with psoriasis. This work intends to analyse the prevalence of psychopathology and psychiatric comorbidities in patients with psoriasis...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171641/dietary-supplements-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#13
José C Espín-Jaime, María V Cerezo-Navarro
Complementary and alternative treatments, including dietary supplements, are very popular and increasingly used in developed countries. Some features such as accessibility, ease of use, the possibility of self-administration and the belief they are safe without side effects, have led to an increase in their consumption. However, there is limited evidence of the effectiveness and safety of these treatments because of methodological issues. The level of scientific evidence is particularly low and weak in the field of child and adolescent Psychiatry...
September 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157506/co-occurring-medical-illnesses-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-updates-and-treatment-considerations
#14
EDITORIAL
Matthew D Willis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143597/genotypic-and-phenotypic-features-of-all-spanish-patients-with-mcardle-disease-a-2016-update
#15
Alfredo Santalla, Gisela Nogales-Gadea, Alberto Blázquez Encinar, Irene Vieitez, Adrian González-Quintana, Pablo Serrano-Lorenzo, Inés García Consuegra, Sara Asensio, Alfonsina Ballester-Lopez, Guillem Pintos-Morell, Jaume Coll-Cantí, Helios Pareja-Galeano, Jorge Díez-Bermejo, Margarita Pérez, Antoni L Andreu, Tomàs Pinós, Joaquín Arenas, Miguel A Martín, Alejandro Lucia
BACKGROUND: We recently described the genotype/phenotype features of all Spanish patients diagnosed with McArdle disease as of January 2011 (n = 239, prevalence of ~1/167,000) (J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2012;83:322-8). Several caveats were however identified suggesting that the prevalence of the disease is actually higher. METHODS: We have now updated main genotype/phenotype data, as well as potential associations within/between them, of all Spanish individuals currently diagnosed with McArdle disease (December 2016)...
November 14, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076399/cerebrospinal-fluid-and-blood-biomarkers-for-neurodegenerative-dementias-an-update-of-the-consensus-of-the-task-force-on-biological-markers-in-psychiatry-of-the-world-federation-of-societies-of-biological-psychiatry
#16
Piotr Lewczuk, Peter Riederer, Sid E O'Bryant, Marcel M Verbeek, Bruno Dubois, Pieter Jelle Visser, Kurt A Jellinger, Sebastiaan Engelborghs, Alfredo Ramirez, Lucilla Parnetti, Clifford R Jack, Charlotte E Teunissen, Harald Hampel, Alberto Lleó, Frank Jessen, Lidia Glodzik, Mony J de Leon, Anne M Fagan, José Luis Molinuevo, Willemijn J Jansen, Bengt Winblad, Leslie M Shaw, Ulf Andreasson, Markus Otto, Brit Mollenhauer, Jens Wiltfang, Martin R Turner, Inga Zerr, Ron Handels, Alexander G Thompson, Gunilla Johansson, Natalia Ermann, John Q Trojanowski, Ilker Karaca, Holger Wagner, Patrick Oeckl, Linda van Waalwijk van Doorn, Maria Bjerke, Dimitrios Kapogiannis, H Bea Kuiperij, Lucia Farotti, Yi Li, Brian A Gordon, Stéphane Epelbaum, Stephanie J B Vos, Catharina J M Klijn, William E Van Nostrand, Carolina Minguillon, Matthias Schmitz, Carla Gallo, Andrea Lopez Mato, Florence Thibaut, Simone Lista, Daniel Alcolea, Henrik Zetterberg, Kaj Blennow, Johannes Kornhuber
In the 12 years since the publication of the first Consensus Paper of the WFSBP on biomarkers of neurodegenerative dementias, enormous advancement has taken place in the field, and the Task Force takes now the opportunity to extend and update the original paper. New concepts of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and the conceptual interactions between AD and dementia due to AD were developed, resulting in two sets for diagnostic/research criteria. Procedures for pre-analytical sample handling, biobanking, analyses and post-analytical interpretation of the results were intensively studied and optimised...
October 27, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971725/transcranial-sonography-in-psychiatry-as-a-potential-tool-in-diagnosis-and-research
#17
Carsten Drepper, Julia Geißler, Giuseppe Pastura, Rezzak Yilmaz, Daniela Berg, Marcel Romanos, Manfred Gerlach
Objectives During the last two decades' transcranial sonography (TCS) of the brain parenchyma evolved from a pure research tool to a clinical relevant neuroimaging method especially in Parkinson's disease and related movement disorders. The aim of this systematic review is to update and summarize the published TCS findings in psychiatric disorders and critically address the question whether TCS may be a valuable tool for the diagnosis or differential diagnosis of psychiatric disorders similarly to the field of movement disorders...
October 3, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969442/psychiatric-genomics-an-update-and-an-agenda
#18
REVIEW
Patrick F Sullivan, Arpana Agrawal, Cynthia M Bulik, Ole A Andreassen, Anders D Børglum, Gerome Breen, Sven Cichon, Howard J Edenberg, Stephen V Faraone, Joel Gelernter, Carol A Mathews, Caroline M Nievergelt, Jordan W Smoller, Michael C O'Donovan
The Psychiatric Genomics Consortium (PGC) is the largest consortium in the history of psychiatry. This global effort is dedicated to rapid progress and open science, and in the past decade it has delivered an increasing flow of new knowledge about the fundamental basis of common psychiatric disorders. The PGC has recently commenced a program of research designed to deliver "actionable" findings-genomic results that 1) reveal fundamental biology, 2) inform clinical practice, and 3) deliver new therapeutic targets...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949109/-peer-support-workers-a-novel-profession-in-psychiatry
#19
Liliane Sticher, Charles Bonsack
The possibility to recover from a psychiatric disorder for example schizophrenia materializes today by the emergence of new professionals : peer support workers. These persons have lived the experience of a mental health disorder and underwent training in order to contribute to the recovery of others. This brief article provides an update while they begin to be active in French-speaking Switzerland. The data indicate that their involvement in care decreases the use of emergency, enhances the capability of persons to manage their own health and the satisfaction towards psychiatric services...
September 20, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942810/clinical-update-telepsychiatry-with-children-and-adolescents
#20
(no author information available yet)
This Clinical Update reviews the use of telepsychiatry to deliver psychiatric, mental health, and care coordination services to children and adolescents across settings as direct service and in collaboration with primary care providers or other clinicians. The update defines terms and presents the current status of telepsychiatry as a mode of health service delivery. The update presents procedures for conducting telepsychiatry services and optimizing the clinical experience.
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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