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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109182/are-home-visits-an-effective-method-for-diabetes-management-a-quantitative-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Lin Han, Yuxia Ma, Suhong Wei, Jinhui Tian, Xiaochun Yang, Xiping Shen, Jun Zhang, Yuexian Shi
AIMS: Previous reviews have revealed uncertainty regarding the effectiveness of home visit interventions for managing diabetes. Therefore, we performed a quantitative systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effects of home visit interventions among patients with diabetes. METHODS: We searched various electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CINAHL, Wanfang, and Chinese scientific full-text databases) from their inception until March 2016...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109107/-efficacy-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-alleviating-clinical-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-in-elderly-depressive-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Bi-Yong Qin, Li-Lei Dai, Yan Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for alleviating the clinical symptoms and suicidal ideation in elderly patients with depression. METHODS: A total of 178 elderly depressive patients with suicidal ideation were randomized into rTMS treatment group (n=80) and control group (n=98) and treated with rTMS or sham rTMS treatment for 4 weeks in addition to conventional therapy with medications. The 24-item Hamilton Depression Scales (HAMD) and Self-rating Idea of Suicide Scale (SIOSS) were used to assess the severity of depression and the risk of suicide at the baseline and after 2 and 4 weeks of treatment...
January 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109092/-early-outcomes-of-elective-surgery-for-colon-cancer-with-preoperative-mechanical-bowel-preparation-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Yan-Jie Hu, Ka Li, Li Li, Xiao-Dong Wang, Jie Yang, Jin-Hua Feng, Wei Zhang, Yu-Wei Liu
OBJECTIVE: To compared the early outcomes of patients undergoing elective surgeries for colon cancer with and without preoperative mechanical bowel preparation. METHODS: Between July, 2014 and February, 2016, patients undergoing elective surgery for colon cancer with primary anastomosis were randomly assigned into control group with mechanical bowel preparation 12 h before surgery and treatment group without mechanical bowel preparation. Baseline data collection was completed within 12 h after the operation...
January 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109045/misoprostol-for-cervical-priming-prior-to-hysteroscopy-in-postmenopausal-and-premenopausal-nulliparous-women-a-multicentre-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#4
M L Tasma, M Louwerse, W J Hehenkamp, P M Geomini, M Y Bongers, S Veersema, P J van Kesteren, E Tromp, J A Huirne, G C Graziosi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reduction of pain by Misoprostol compared to placebo prior to hysteroscopy in postmenopausal and premenopausal nulliparous women. DESIGN: Randomised multicentre double-blind placebo controlled trial. SETTING: Two Dutch teaching hospitals and one Dutch university medical centre. POPULATION: Postmenopausal and premenopausal nulliparous women undergoing office hysteroscopy. METHODS: Patients were randomised to receive either 400 mcg Misoprostol or placebo 12 and 24 hours before hysteroscopy...
January 21, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108978/treatment-of-complicated-urinary-tract-infection-and-acute-pyelonephritis-by-short-course-intravenous-levofloxacin-750%C3%A2-mg-day-or-conventional-intravenous-oral-levofloxacin-500%C3%A2-mg-day-prospective-open-label-randomized-controlled-multicenter-non-inferiority
#5
Hong Ren, Xiao Li, Zhao-Hui Ni, Jian-Ying Niu, Bin Cao, Jie Xu, Hong Cheng, Xiao-Wen Tu, Ai-Min Ren, Ying Hu, Chang-Ying Xing, Ying-Hong Liu, Yan-Feng Li, Jun Cen, Rong Zhou, Xu-Dong Xu, Xiao-Hui Qiu, Nan Chen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of short-course intravenous levofloxacin (LVFX) 750 mg with a conventional intravenous/oral regimen of LVFX 500 mg in patients from China with complicated urinary tract infections (cUTIs) and acute pyelonephritis (APN). METHODS: This was a prospective, open-label, randomized, controlled, multicenter, non-inferiority clinical trial. Patients with cUTI and APN were randomly assigned to a short-course therapy group (intravenous LVFX at750 mg/day for 5 days) or a conventional therapy group (intravenous/oral regimen of LVFX at 500 mg/day for 7-14 days)...
January 20, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108936/a-group-mediated-physical-activity-intervention-in-older-knee-osteoarthritis-patients-effects-on-social-cognitive-outcomes
#6
Brian C Focht, Matthew J Garver, Alexander R Lucas, Steven T Devor, Charles F Emery, Kevin V Hackshaw, Ciaran M Fairman, Jessica Bowman, W Jack Rejeski
The objective of the present study was to compare a group-mediated cognitive behavioral (GMCB) physical activity intervention with traditional exercise therapy (TRAD) upon select social cognitive outcomes in sedentary knee osteoarthritis (knee OA) patients. A total of 80 patients (mean age = 63.5 years; 84% women) were recruited using clinic and community-based strategies to a 12-month, single-blind, two-arm, randomized controlled trial. Mobility-related self-efficacy, self-regulatory self-efficacy (SRSE), and satisfaction with physical function (SPF) were assessed at baseline, 3, and 12 months...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108873/does-employment-related-resilience-affect-the-relationship-between-childhood-adversity-community-violence-and-depression
#7
Seth L Welles, Falguni Patel, Mariana Chilton
Depression is a barrier to employment among low-income caregivers receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), and adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and exposure to community violence (ECV) are often associated with depression. Using baseline data of 103 TANF caregivers of young children of the Building Wealth and Health Network Randomized Controlled Trial Pilot, this study investigated associations of two forms of employment-related resilience-self-efficacy and employment hope-with exposure to adversity/violence and depression, measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) short form...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108860/early-cardioversion-in-atrial-fibrillation-earlier-is-better-but-not-always-and-maybe-not-immediately
#8
REVIEW
Paloma G Piña, Alexandru B Chicos
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia in humans. One of its important features is the tendency to become more persistent over time, even in the absence of underlying progressive heart disease. Conversion and maintenance of sinus rhythm by pharmacological or electrical methods become increasingly difficult the longer the arrhythmia persists. Electrical, mechanical, structural, and autonomic remodeling processes have been implicated in the mechanisms of AF initiation, perpetuation, and progression...
January 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108822/the-feasibility-of-local-anesthesia-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-umbilical-hernia-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
A P Jairam, R Kaufmann, F Muysoms, J Jeekel, J F Lange
BACKGROUND: Yearly approximately 4500 umbilical hernias are repaired in The Netherlands, mostly under general anesthesia. The use of local anesthesia has shown several advantages in groin hernia surgery. Local anesthesia might be useful in the treatment of umbilical hernia as well. However, convincing evidence is lacking. We have conducted a systematic review on safety, feasibility, and advantages of local anesthesia for umbilical hernia repair. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines...
January 20, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108793/effective-cerebrovascular-thrombectomy-requires-well-organized-structures-real-world-experiences-of-a%C3%A2-regional-stroke-network-between-2012-2015
#10
Maria Sophie Stockinger, Johannes Trenkler, Tim von Oertzen, Karin Nussbaumer, Michael Sonnberger, Wolfgang Schimetta, Anthony C Pereira, Gerhard Traxler, Claudia Dorninger, Hans-Peter Haring
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to analyse the Neurothrombectomy Network registry of the Neuromed Campus (NMC) of the Kepler University Hospital in Linz (Austria). The data were compared to the results of recently published thrombectomy trials (MR CLEAN, ESCAPE, EXTEND-IA, SWIFT-PRIME, REVASCAT and THRACE). METHODS: We retrospectively studied 246 patients with acute ischemic stroke who underwent thrombectomy between January 2012 and December 2015 at the NMC in Upper Austria...
January 20, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108777/a-randomized-controlled-trial-demonstrating-sustained-benefit-of-autologous-matrix-induced-chondrogenesis-over-microfracture-at-five%C3%A2-years
#11
Martin Volz, Jens Schaumburger, Hubert Frick, Joachim Grifka, Sven Anders
PURPOSE: Autologous Matrix-Induced Chondrogenesis (AMIC(®)) utilizing a type I/III collagen membrane was compared with microfracture (MFx) alone in focal cartilage lesions of the knee at one, two and five years. METHODS: Forty-seven patients (aged 37 ± 10 years, mean defect size 3.6 ± 1.6 cm(2)) were randomized and treated either with MFx, with sutured or glued AMIC(®) in a prospective multicentre clinical trial. RESULTS: After improvement for the first two years in all subgroups, a progressive and significant score degradation was observed in the MFx group, while all functional parameters remained stable for least five years in the AMIC(®) groups...
January 20, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108686/use-of-mechanical-insufflation-exsufflation-devices-for-airway-clearance-in-subjects-with-neuromuscular-disease
#12
REVIEW
Catherine Auger, Vanessa Hernando, Hubert Galmiche
The aim of this systematic review is to examine the benefit/risk ratio of the use of mechanical insufflation-exsufflation (MI-E) devices for airway clearance in patients with neuromuscular diseases. A search was conducted for relevant studies in MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, and the Health Technology Assessment Database using the main key words: cough, airway clearance, in-exsufflation. The search limits were studies published in English and French between 1970 and 2014 (literature watch until December 2015)...
February 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108470/associations-of-maternal-vitamin-b12-concentration-in-pregnancy-with-the-risks-of-preterm-birth-and-low-birth-weight-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-individual-participant-data
#13
Tormod Rogne, Myrte J Tielemans, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, Chittaranjan S Yajnik, Ghattu V Krishnaveni, Lucilla Poston, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Eric A P Steegers, Suyog Joshi, Yap-Seng Chong, Keith M Godfrey, Fabian Yap, Raquel Yahyaoui, Tinku Thomas, Gry Hay, Marije Hogeveen, Ahmet Demir, Ponnusamy Saravanan, Eva Skovlund, Marit P Martinussen, Geir W Jacobsen, Oscar H Franco, Michael B Bracken, Kari R Risnes
Vitamin B12 (hereafter referred to as B12) deficiency in pregnancy is prevalent and has been associated with both lower birth weight (birth weight <2,500 g) and preterm birth (length of gestation <37 weeks). Nevertheless, current evidence is contradictory. We performed a systematic review and a meta-analysis of individual participant data to evaluate the associations of maternal serum or plasma B12 concentrations in pregnancy with offspring birth weight and length of gestation. Twenty-two eligible studies were identified (11,993 observations)...
January 20, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108342/effects-of-dietary-lactobacillus-plantarum-in-different-treatments-on-growth-performance-and-immune-gene-expression-of-white-shrimp-litopenaeus-vannamei-under-normal-condition-and-stress-of-acute-low-salinity
#14
Xiao-Ting Zheng, Ya-Fei Duan, Hong-Biao Dong, Jia-Song Zhang
A 45-day feeding trial followed by an acute stress test of low salinity was done to evaluate effects of Lactobacillus plantarum on growth performance and anti-stress capability of white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). Shrimp were randomly allocated in 15 tanks (100 shrimp per tank) and divided into 5 treatments with 3 replicates. Triplicate tanks were fed with a control diet or diets containing different treatments of L. plantarum (fermentation supernatant (FS), live bacteria (LB), dead bacteria (DB) and cell-free extract (CE) of L...
January 17, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108337/cardiovascular-and-cerebrovascular-events-among-patients-receiving-omalizumab-pooled-analysis-of-patient-level-data-from-25-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trials
#15
Carlos Iribarren, Kenneth J Rothman, Mary S Bradley, Gillis Carrigan, Mark D Eisner, Hubert Chen
Among patients who participated in randomized clinical trials of omalizumab, no substantial overall increase in the risk of cardiovascular events was observed in the treatment arms compared with placebo. <29/35 words>.
January 17, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108117/a-single-intervention-for-cockroach-control-reduces-cockroach-exposure-and-asthma-morbidity-in-children
#16
Felicia A Rabito, John C Carlson, Hua He, Derek Werthmann, Coby Schal
BACKGROUND: Exposure to cockroaches is an important asthma trigger, particularly for children with asthma living in inner cities. Integrated pest management is the recommended approach to cockroach abatement; however, it is costly and difficult to implement. The impact of reducing cockroach exposure on asthma outcomes is not known. OBJECTIVE: We sought to test the use of a single intervention, insecticidal bait, to reduce cockroach exposure in the home of children with asthma in New Orleans and to examine the impact of cockroach reduction on asthma outcomes...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108076/safety-and-effectiveness-of-alveolar-recruitment-maneuvers-and-positive-end-expiratory-pressure-during-general-anesthesia-for-cesarean-section-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#17
D Aretha, F Fligou, P Kiekkas, C Messini, E Panteli, E Zintzaras, M Karanikolas
INTRODUCTION: During cesarean section, the supine position reduces functional residual capacity and worsens lung compliance. We tested the hypothesis that alveolar recruitment maneuvers and positive end-expiratory pressure improve lung compliance in women undergoing general anesthesia for cesarean section. METHODS: Ninety women undergoing cesarean section were randomly assigned to one of two groups in a prospective, double-blind trial. In the alveolar recruitment maneuver group, pressure-control ventilation was used and inspiratory time was increased to 50% after delivery; positive end-expiratory pressure was increased to 20cmH2O and peak airway inspiratory pressure gradually increased to 45-50cmH2O...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108038/the-effect-of-endotracheal-tubes-versus-laryngeal-mask-airways-on-perioperative-respiratory-adverse-events-in-infants-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Thomas F E Drake-Brockman, Anoop Ramgolam, Guicheng Zhang, Graham L Hall, Britta S von Ungern-Sternberg
BACKGROUND: Perioperative respiratory adverse events (PRAE) are the most common critical incidents in paediatric anaesthesia and occur more often in infants. Use of laryngeal mask airways (LMAs) is associated with reduced PRAE compared with endotracheal tubes in older children (>1 year). We aimed to evaluate the effect of these devices on the incidence of PRAE in infants. METHODS: We did a randomised controlled trial at the Princess Margaret Hospital for Children in Perth (WA, Australia) by recruiting infants (aged 0-12 months) undergoing general (with or without regional or local) anaesthesia with anticipated fentanyl dose 1 μg/kg or lower for minor elective surgery...
January 17, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107897/emotionally-triggered-asthma-and-its-relationship-to-panic-disorder-ataques-de-nervios-and-asthma-related-death-of-a-loved-one-in-latino-adults
#19
Karinna Vazquez, Jonathan Sandler, Alejandro Interian, Jonathan M Feldman
OBJECTIVE: Research has demonstrated high comorbidity between asthma and panic disorder (PD). Less is known about the relationship between asthma and the Latino cultural idiom of distress of ataques de nervios, as well as the role that psychosocial stressors play. The current study tested the hypotheses that Latino asthma patients who experience PD, ataques de nervios, and/or asthma-related death of a loved one endorse greater psychological triggers of asthma, greater perceived impact of asthma triggers, and greater difficulty controlling such triggers than do those without these conditions...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107891/telephone-administered-versus-live-group-cognitive-behavioral-stress-management-for-adults-with-cfs
#20
Daniel L Hall, Emily G Lattie, Sara F Milrad, Sara Czaja, Mary Ann Fletcher, Nancy Klimas, Dolores Perdomo, Michael H Antoni
OBJECTIVE: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) symptoms have been shown to be exacerbated by stress and ameliorated by group-based psychosocial interventions such as cognitive behavioral stress management (CBSM). Still, patients may have difficulty attending face-to-face groups. This study compared the effects of a telephone-delivered (T-CBSM) vs a live (L-CBSM) group on perceived stress and symptomology in adults with CFS. METHODS: Intervention data from 100 patients with CFS (mean age 50years; 90% female) participating in T-CBSM (N=56) or L-CBSM (N=44) in previously conducted randomized clinical trials were obtained...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
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