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Musculoskeletal health management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147653/health-status-and-the-demand-for-healthcare-among-the-elderly-in-the-rural-quoc-oai-district-of-hanoi-in-vietnam
#1
Kyung-Sook Bang, Sunghee H Tak, Juhwan Oh, Jinseon Yi, Soo-Young Yu, Truong Quang Trung
Background: Vietnam is experiencing an unprecedented demographic transition. Its proportion of elderly people is growing rapidly. Objective: This study explored the health status and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of rural elderly Vietnamese and assessed their needs for healthcare services. Design: This study used a survey with stratified proportion sampling and quota assignment. In 2016, data was collected from 713 people in the rural Quoc-Oai district of Hanoi aged 60 or older...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138192/prospective-daily-diary-study-reporting-of-any-and-all-symptoms-in-healthy-adults-in-pakistan-prevalence-and-response
#2
Mudassir Anwar, James A Green, Pauline Norris, Nadeem Irfan Bukhari
OBJECTIVES: Prevalence of symptoms in everyday life and how people respond to these symptoms is little studied outside Western culture and developed countries. We sought to use modified diary methods to explore the prevalence of and responses to symptoms in Pakistan. DESIGN: Prospective daily survey of symptoms and response. SETTING: 8 cities across four provinces in Pakistan. PARTICIPANTS: Stratified intercept in each city to recruit 153 participants of which 151 completed...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121961/a-multicomponent-intervention-for-the-management-of-chronic-pain-in-older-adults-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Sheung-Tak Cheng, Ka Long Chan, Rosanna W L Lam, Monique H T Mok, Phoon Ping Chen, Yu Fat Chow, Joanne W Y Chung, Alexander C B Law, Jenny S W Lee, Edward M F Leung, Cindy W C Tam
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that physical interventions and psychological methods based on the cognitive behavioral approach are efficacious in alleviating pain and that combining both tends to yield more benefits than either intervention alone. In view of the aging population with chronic pain and the lack of evidence-based pain management programs locally, we developed a multicomponent intervention incorporating physical exercise and cognitive behavioral techniques and examined its long-term effects against treatment as usual (i...
November 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110873/predictors-of-healthcare-seeking-delays-among-children-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-nepal
#4
Drake G LeBrun, Divya Talwar, Tuyetnhi A Pham, Bibek Banskota, David A Spiegel
BACKGROUND: Healthcare seeking behaviors among children with musculoskeletal disorders are poorly understood. We sought to analyze healthcare seeking delays among children with chronic musculoskeletal conditions in Nepal and identify predictors of clinically significant delays. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at a large pediatric musculoskeletal rehabilitation center in Nepal. Baseline sociodemographic data and healthcare seeking behaviors were assessed via interviews with 75 randomly selected caregivers...
December 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095407/serious-adverse-events-significantly-reduce-patient-reported-outcomes-at-2-year-follow-up-nonoperative-multicenter-prospective-nih-study-of-105-patients
#5
Andrew J Pugely, Michael P Kelly, Christine R Baldus, Yubo Gao, Lukas Zebala, Christopher Shaffrey, Steven Glassman, Oheneba Boachie-Adjei, Stefan Parent, Stephen Lewis, Tyler Koski, Charles Edwards, Frank Schwab, Keith H Bridwell
STUDY DESIGN: This is an analysis of a prospective 2-year study on nonoperative patients enrolled in the Adult Symptomatic Lumbar Scoliosis (ASLS) National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) trial. OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to evaluate the impact of serious adverse events (SAEs) on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in nonoperative management of ASLS as measured by Scoliosis Research Society-22r (SRS-22r), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Short Form-12 (SF-12) at 2-year follow-up...
October 31, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089004/knee-stability-and-movement-coordination-impairments-knee-ligament-sprain-revision-2017
#6
David S Logerstedt, David Scalzitti, May Arna Risberg, Lars Engebretsen, Kate E Webster, Julian Feller, Lynn Snyder-Mackler, Michael J Axe, Christine M McDonough
The Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) has an ongoing effort to create evidence-based practice guidelines for orthopaedic physical therapy management of patients with musculoskeletal impairments described in the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). The purpose of these revised clinical practice guidelines is to review recent peer-reviewed literature and make recommendations related to knee ligament sprain...
November 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29088976/incidence-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-psoriatic-arthritis-and-polymyalgia-rheumatica-in-an-inland-area-of-central-italy-results-of-the-campo-rhe-study
#7
Antonia De Socio, Fabio Massimo Perrotta, Guido Maria Grasso, Ennio Lubrano
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the CAMPO-RHE study was to determine the incidence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) in patients attending a rheumatologic outpatient's clinic of a new institution in Campobasso, Italy. METHODS: Campobasso is a small town of approximately 50,000 inhabitants located in the inland territory of central Italy (Molise), and Public Health is managed from a single health authority. In Italy, all citizens are registered with a National Health System of General Practitioner (GP) Physicians...
November 3, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065895/associations-between-community-based-physiotherapy-for-musculoskeletal-injury-and-health-related-quality-of-life-eq-5d-a-multi-centre-retrospective-analysis
#8
Nick Caplan, H Robson, A Robson, G Barry, G Wilkes
BACKGROUND: Community-based musculoskeletal physiotherapy is used to improve function and health related quality of life (HRQoL). The purpose of this retrospective, multi-centre observational study was to determine the association between community-based physiotherapy management for musculoskeletal disorders and changes in HRQoL. METHODS: Four thousand one hundred twelve patients' data were included in the study. Patients were included if they received a single period of treatment for a musculoskeletal injury or disorder...
October 25, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058755/functional-outcomes-for-nonoperatively-treated-proximal-fifth-metatarsal-fractures
#9
Hannah A Dineen, Timothy D Murphy, Sabrina Mangat, Eric Z Lukosius, Feng-Chang Lin, Brett J Pettett, Stephen J Peoples, Shepard R Hurwitz
Fractures of the proximal fifth metatarsal are relatively common and can be treated with a variety of treatment modalities. The goals of the current study were to answer the following questions: (1) Is there a difference in functional outcomes with different nonoperative treatment modalities for avulsion and Jones fractures? (2) What is the long-term functional impairment? This study included 53 patients who were treated for proximal fifth metatarsal fracture at 1 university health care system between 2004 and 2013...
October 20, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058534/comparative-assessment-of-respiratory-and-other-occupational-health-effects-among-elementary-workers
#10
Almas Hamid, Wajeeha Saleem, Ghazala Yaqub, Moin Ud Din Ghauri
OBJECTIVE: The study was conducted to assess hazards faced by elementary workers. METHODS: For this purpose, questionnaire survey and respiratory function test (spirometry) were carried out on 150 respondents. RESULTS: Major hazards identified related to sharp objects, heavy weight lifting, thermally harsh conditions, working at height, whole body vibration, chemicals, pathogens, increased noise levels and confined space entry. Workers suffered from upper and lower respiratory disorder symptoms, digestive problems, optical and musculoskeletal issues etc...
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042813/rehabilitation-management-of-low-back-pain-it-s-time-to-pull-it-all-together
#11
Yannick Tousignant-Laflamme, Marc Olivier Martel, Anand B Joshi, Chad E Cook
In the past, rehabilitation research initiatives for low back pain (LBP) have targeted outcome enhancement through personalized treatment approaches, namely through classification systems (CS). Although the use of CS has enhanced outcomes, common management practices have not changed, the prevalence of LBP is still high, and only selected patients meet the CS profile, namely those with a nociceptive context. Similarly, although practice guidelines propose some level of organization and occasionally a timeline of care provision, each mainly provides best practice for isolated treatment approaches...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042341/pain-self-management-for-veterans-development-and-pilot-test-of-a-stage-based-mobile-optimized-intervention
#12
Sara S Johnson, Deborah A Levesque, Lynne E Broderick, Dustin G Bailey, Robert D Kerns
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is a significant public health burden affecting more Americans than cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer combined. Veterans are disproportionately affected by chronic pain. Among previously deployed soldiers and veterans, the prevalence of chronic pain is estimated between 44% and 60%. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to develop and pilot-test Health eRide: Your Journey to Managing Pain, a mobile pain self-management program for chronic musculoskeletal pain for veterans...
October 17, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035094/doktor-kot-doktor-sla%C3%A2-%C3%A2-book-doctors-plant-doctors-and-the-segmentation-of-the-medical-market-place-in-meghalaya-northeast-india
#13
Sandra Albert, John Porter, Judith Green
Despite decades of research on India's plural health care market, the practices of many local health traditions outside the allopathic and codified traditions are under-studied. Drawing on interview and observational data, this paper explores the space in which indigenous traditional Khasi healers in Meghalaya state, northeast India, practice. Khasi indigenous healers describe themselves as doktor sla, plant doctors, to distinguish themselves from doktor kot, or book doctors. This distinction operates as a rhetorical resource, utilised to carve a distinct sphere of expertise in relation to the allopathic sector, and to mark claims for the specifically local appropriateness of traditional practices within a shifting market of state-sponsored provision...
October 16, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032927/mortality-from-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-brazil-evaluation-of-causes-according-to-the-government-health-database
#14
Luisa Ribeiro Costi, Hatsumi Miyashiro Iwamoto, Dilma Costa de Oliveira Neves, Cezar Augusto Muniz Caldas
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the causes of mortality in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in Brazil between 2002 and 2011. METHODS: An exploratory ecological study of a time series using data from the Mortality Information System of DATASUS, the Department of the Unified Health System (Brazil's National Health System). RESULTS: Brazil's SLE mortality rate was 4.76 deaths/10(5) inhabitants. The mortality rate was higher in the Midwest, North and Southeast regions than in the country as a whole...
October 9, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029553/systematic-review-of-costs-and-effects-of-self-management-interventions-for-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-spotlight-on-analytic-perspective-and-outcomes-assessment
#15
REVIEW
Marian J Hernon, Amanda M Hall, James F O'Mahony, Charles Normand, Deirdre A Hurley
Background: Evidence for the cost-effectiveness of self-management interventions for chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP) lacks consensus, which may be due to variability in the costing methods employed. Purpose: The purposes of the study were to identify how costs and effects have been assessed in economic analysis of self-management interventions for CMP and to identify the effect of the chosen analytical perspective on cost-effectiveness conclusions. Data Sources: Five databases were searched for all study designs using relevant terms...
October 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026520/work-related-musculoskeletal-injuries-sustained-by-australian-osteopaths-qualitative-analysis-of-effects-on-practitioner-health-clinical-practice-and-patient-care
#16
Gopi Anne McLeod, Katerina Annels, Jessica Cohen, Samuel Edwards, Daniel Hodgins, Brett Vaughan
BACKGROUND: There is limited literature that explores the experiences of osteopaths injured while engaging in clinical practice. Evidence from other similar health professions has described the numerous effects of work-related musculoskeletal injuries (WRMI). Work-related musculoskeletal injury refers to trauma to joints, ligaments, muscles and tendons resulting from injury sustained while undertaking work duties. This research aimed to gain a contextualised understanding of the experiences of osteopaths who have sustained a work-related musculoskeletal injury while performing clinical practice...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024353/exercise-and-physical-activity-for-patients-with-esld-improving-functional-status-and-sarcopenia-while-on-the-transplant-waitlist
#17
REVIEW
Andrés Duarte-Rojo, Astrid Ruiz-Margáin, Aldo J Montaño-Loza, Ricardo Macías-Rodríguez, Arny Ferrando, W Ray Kim
Sarcopenia and physical deconditioning are frequent complications in patients with cirrhosis and end-stage liver disease (ESLD). They are the end result of impaired dietary intake, chronic inflammation, altered macro- and micronutrient metabolism, and low physical activity. Frailty is the end result of prolonged sarcopenia and physical deconditioning. It severely affects a patient's functional status, and presents in about 1 in 5 patients on the liver transplant (LT) waitlist. Sarcopenia, poor physical fitness/cardiopulmonary endurance, and frailty are all associated with increased mortality in ESLD...
October 11, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023338/using-electronic-health-records-and-clinical-decision-support-to-provide-return-to-work-guidance-for-primary-care-practitioners-for-patients-with-low-back-pain
#18
Robert K McLellan, Nelson S Haas, Roman P Kownacki, Glenn S Pransky, James B Talmage, Marianne Dreger
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the process by which a group of subject matter experts in the area of return to work developed a resource tool to provide clinical decision support (CDS) for primary care clinicians. METHODS: A common musculoskeletal disorder, low back pain (LBP), was selected, pertinent literature reviewed, and specific recommendations for action in the clinical setting developed. RESULTS: Primary care practitioners (PCPs) are routinely expected to create work activity prescriptions...
November 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020989/predictors-of-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Elena Tseli, Wilhelmus Johannes Andreas Grooten, Britt-Marie Stålnacke, Katja Boersma, Paul Enthoven, Björn Gerdle, Björn Olov Äng
BACKGROUND: Chronic musculoskeletal pain is a major public health problem. Early prediction for optimal treatment results has received growing attention, but there is presently a lack of evidence regarding what information such proactive management should be based on. This study protocol, therefore, presents our planned systematic review and meta-analysis on important predictive factors for health and work-related outcomes following multidisciplinary rehabilitation (MDR) in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain...
October 11, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020961/hazardous-waste-and-health-impact-a-systematic-review-of-the-scientific-literature
#20
REVIEW
L Fazzo, F Minichilli, M Santoro, A Ceccarini, M Della Seta, F Bianchi, P Comba, M Martuzzi
Waste is part of the agenda of the European Environment and Health Process and included among the topics of the Sixth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health. Disposal and management of hazardous waste are worldwide challenges. We performed a systematic review to evaluate the evidence of the health impact of hazardous waste exposure, applying transparent and a priori defined methods. The following five steps, based on pre-defined systematic criteria, were applied. 1. Specify the research question, in terms of "Population-Exposure-Comparators-Outcomes" (PECO)...
October 11, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
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