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Musculoskeletal health management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788396/injury-surveillance-and-reporting-for-trainees-with-bone-stress-injury-current-practices-and-recommendations
#1
Scott C Dembowski, Bradley S Tragord, Amy F Hand, Iván R Rohena-Quinquilla, Ian E Lee, David C Thoma, Joseph M Molloy
Background: Musculoskeletal injuries, including lower extremity bone stress injuries (BSI) significantly impact initial entry training (IET) in the U.S. Army due to limited duty days, trainee attrition, early medical discharge, and related financial costs. Factors complicating trainee BSI surveillance include inconsistent BSI coding practices, attrition documentation as both administrative separations and medical discharges and the inability to code for BSI grade or severity when using International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th revision (ICD-10) codes...
May 18, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781096/weight-loss-interventions-for-adults-with-overweight-obesity-and-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
L Cooper, C G Ryan, L J Ells, S Hamilton, G Atkinson, K Cooper, M I Johnson, J P Kirwan, D Martin
Worldwide prevalence of adult overweight and obesity is a growing public health issue. Adults with overweight/obesity often have chronic musculoskeletal pain. Using a mixed-methods review, we aimed to quantify the effectiveness and explore the appropriateness of weight loss interventions for this population. Electronic databases were searched for studies published between 01/01/90 and 01/07/16. The review included 14 randomized controlled trials that reported weight and pain outcomes and three qualitative studies that explored perceptions of adults with co-existing overweight/obesity and chronic musculoskeletal pain...
May 20, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762260/clinical-indications-associated-with-opioid-initiation-for-pain-management-in-ontario-canada-a-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Sachin V Pasricha, Mina Tadrous, Wayne Khuu, David N Juurlink, Muhammad M Mamdani, J Michael Paterson, Tara Gomes
Concerns over prescription opioids contributing to high levels of opioid use disorder and overdose have led policymakers and clinicians to seek means to reduce inappropriate and high-dose initial prescriptions. To inform such efforts, we sought to describe the clinical indications associated with opioid initiation and the characteristics of the initial prescriptions and patients through a retrospective population-based cohort study. Our cohort included Ontarians initiating prescription opioids for pain management between April 1, 2015, and March 31, 2016...
May 14, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760842/appropriateness-of-extremity-magnetic-resonance-imaging-examinations-in-an-academic-emergency-department-observation-unit
#4
McKinley Glover, Ravi V Gottumukkala, Yadiel Sanchez, Brian J Yun, Theodore I Benzer, Benjamin A White, Anand M Prabhakar, Ali S Raja
Introduction: Emergency departments (ED) and hospitals face increasing challenges related to capacity, throughput, and stewardship of limited resources while maintaining high quality. Appropriate utilization of extremity magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations within the emergency setting is not well known. Therefore, this study aimed to determine indications for and appropriateness of MRI of the extremities for musculoskeletal conditions in the ED observation unit (EDOU). Methods: We conducted this institutional review board-approved, retrospective study in a large, quaternary care academic center and Level I trauma center...
May 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750024/locomotive-syndrome-clinical-perspectives
#5
Tatsunori Ikemoto, Young-Chang Arai
The deterioration of locomotive components, which comprise bones, joints, and intervertebral discs, and muscles and nerves, can lead to symptoms such as pain, limitations in the range of joint mobility, malalignment, impaired balance, and difficulty walking. Locomotive syndrome (LoS) was proposed by the Japanese Orthopedic Association in 2007 as a concept for people who are at a high risk of developing a musculoskeletal ambulation disability attributed to locomotor organs. Although many international articles related to LoS have been published, an international consensus of this concept seems to be lacking...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747647/a-workforce-survey-of-australian-osteopathy-analysis-of-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-osteopaths-from-the-osteopathy-research-and-innovation-network-orion-project
#6
Jon Adams, David Sibbritt, Amie Steel, Wenbo Peng
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available regarding the profile and clinical practice characteristics of the osteopathy workforce in Australia. This paper reports such information by analysing data from a nationally-representative sample of Australian osteopaths. METHODS: Data was obtained from a workforce survey of Australian osteopathy, investigating the characteristics of the practitioner, their practice, clinical management features and perceptions regarding research...
May 10, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743392/a-health-behavior-screening-tool-for-non-specific-neck-pain-in-office-workers-a-1-year-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Kantheera Areerak, Allard J van der Beek, Prawit Janwantanakul
OBJECTIVE: One effective strategy for management of musculoskeletal disorders is self-management based on the biopsychosocial model. Self-management requires patients to have adequate health literacy, defined as the individual's ability to seek, understand, and utilize health information. Recently, the neck pain-specific health behavior for office workers (NHBOW) questionnaire was developed based upon a conceptual framework of health literacy. The content in the NHBOW relates to the work and exercise behaviors of office workers...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735476/effect-of-rebound-exercises-and-circuit-training-on-complications-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Bashir Kaka, Sonill Sooknunan Maharaj
BACKGROUND: The incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus, a chronic lifestyle disease, and its complications are on the rise. Exercise has been documented as being effective in the management of musculoskeletal pain, depression, and reduction of hyperglycemia in diabetic patients. However, there is no consensus regarding the types of exercise that reduce musculoskeletal pain and depression and improve quality of life as well as respiratory function among individuals with type 2 diabetes...
May 7, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733036/a-systematic-review-of-lost-time-injuries-in-the-global-mining-industry
#9
Behdin Nowrouzi-Kia, Basem Gohar, Jennifer Casole, Carla Chidu, Jennifer Dumond, Alicia McDougall, Behnam Nowrouzi-Kia
BACKGROUND: Mining is a hazardous occupation with elevated rates of lost-time injury and disability. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is twofold: 1) To identify the type of lost-time injuries in the mining workforce, regardless of the kind of mining and 2) To examine the antecedent factors to the occupational injury (lost-time injuries). METHODS: We identified and extracted primary papers related to lost-time injuries in the mining sector by conducting a systematic search of the electronic literature in the eight health and related databases...
May 1, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729545/is-regular-use-of-physiotherapy-treatment-associated-with-health-locus-of-control-and-self-management-competency-a-study-of-patients-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-undergoing-physiotherapy-in-primary-health-care
#10
Astrid K Wahl, Gro Opseth, Sandra Nolte, Richard H Osborne, Gustav Bjørke, Anne Marit Mengshoel
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between regular use of physiotherapy treatment, health locus of control and self-management competency in people with musculoskeletal disorders. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 507 patients between 18 and 70 years of age with musculoskeletal disorders who attended a physiotherapy clinic. The Health Education Impact Questionnaire (heiQ) was used to assess self-management competency; the Health Locus of Control Scale (HLCS) was used to assess health locus of control...
April 27, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713458/can-chiropractors-contribute-to-work-disability-prevention-through-sickness-absence-management-for-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-comparative-qualitative-case-study-in-the-scandinavian-context
#11
Mette Jensen Stochkendahl, Ole Kristoffer Larsen, Casper Glissmann Nim, Iben Axén, Julia Haraldsson, Ole Christian Kvammen, Corrie Myburgh
Background: Despite extensive publication of clinical guidelines on how to manage musculoskeletal pain and back pain in particular, these efforts have not significantly translated into decreases in work disability due to musculoskeletal pain. Previous studies have indicated a potential for better outcomes by formalized, early referral to allied healthcare providers familiar with occupational health issues. Instances where allied healthcare providers of comparable professional characteristics, but with differing practice parameters, can highlight important social and organisational strategies useful for informing policy and practice...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712543/achilles-pain-stiffness-and-muscle-power-deficits-midportion-achilles-tendinopathy-revision-2018
#12
Robroy L Martin, Ruth Chimenti, Tyler Cuddeford, Jeff Houck, J W Matheson, Christine M McDonough, Stephen Paulseth, Dane K Wukich, Christopher R Carcia
The Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) has an ongoing effort to create evidence-based practice guidelines for orthopaedic physical therapy management of patients with musculoskeletal impairments described in the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). The purpose of these revised clinical practice guidelines is to review recent peer-reviewed literature and make recommendations related to midportion Achilles tendinopathy...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696113/prolotherapy-and-low-level-laser-therapy-a-synergistic-approach-to-pain-management-in-chronic-osteoarthritis
#13
REVIEW
Vinicius Tieppo Francio, Robert S Dima, Chris Towery, Saeid Davani
Regenerative injection therapy and low level laser therapy are alternative remedies known for their success in the treatment and symptomatic management of chronic musculoskeletal conditions. In response to the growing demand for alternative therapies in the face of the opioid epidemic, the authors conduct a literature review to investigate the potential for prolotherapy and LLLT to be used adjunctively to manage chronic osteoarthritis (OA). OA is a degenerative chronic musculoskeletal condition on the rise in North America, and is frequently treated with opioid medications...
October 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687149/shoulder-muscle-volume-and-fat-content-in-healthy-adult-volunteers-quantification-with-dixon-mri-to-determine-the-influence-of-demographics-and-handedness
#14
Pascal S Kälin, Rebecca J Crawford, Magda Marcon, Andrei Manoliu, Samy Bouaicha, Michael A Fischer, Erika J Ulbrich
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to provide mean values for fat-fraction and volume for full-length bilateral rotator cuff and deltoid muscles in asymptomatic adults selected on the basis of their good musculoskeletal and systemic health, and to understand the influence of gender, age, and arm dominance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-six volunteers aged 20 to 60 years who were screened for normal BMI and high general health were included in the study. MRI was performed at 3 Tesla using three-point DIXON sequences...
April 23, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664184/review-article-a-scoping-review-of-physiotherapists-in-the-adult-emergency-department
#15
REVIEW
Giovanni E Ferreira, Adrian C Traeger, Chris G Maher
To provide an overview of the literature that considers physiotherapists working in the ED in relation to their roles, training levels, patient profile, safety, effectiveness, efficiency, cost-effectiveness and the provision of low-value care. We performed a scoping review of the literature. Four databases (PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL and Cochrane CENTRAL) were searched from their inception to December 2016 and we updated searches on PubMed in September 2017. Two reviewers independently screened studies for eligibility...
April 17, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656142/management-of-foot-ankle-osteoarthritis-by-australian-general-practitioners-an-analysis-of-national-patient-encounter-records
#16
Kade L Paterson, Christopher Harrison, Helena Britt, Rana S Hinman, Kim L Bennell
OBJECTIVE: To document the management of foot/ankle osteoarthritis/arthritis (OA) by general practitioners (GP) in Australia. DESIGN: We analysed data from the Bettering the Evaluation and Care of Health Program April 2010-March 2016 inclusive. Patient and GP encounter characteristics were extracted. Data were classified by the International Classification of Primary Care, Version 2, and summarised using descriptive statistics and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) around point estimates...
April 12, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628698/drug-resistant-skeletal-tuberculosis-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-south-india
#17
J Arockiaraj, G S Balaji, V M Cherian, Jepegnanam T S, B P Thomas, Joy S Michael, P M Poonnoose
Back ground: Drug resistant tuberculosis is alarmingly on the rise especially in developing countries. Skeletal tuberculosis accounts up to 10% of all extra pulmonary tuberculosis. World Health Organisation (WHO) has not formulated guidelines for the management of Multi-drug resistant skeletal tuberculosis. Results: A retrospective analysis of patients treated for musculoskeletal tuberculosis was done, to study drug resistance patterns. The outcome was assessed both clinically and radiologically...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628202/health-status-of-afro-asian-refugees-in-an-italian-urban-area-a-cross-sectional-monocentric-study
#18
R Del Pinto, D Pietropaoli, U Russomando, P Evangelista, C Ferri
OBJECTIVES: The recent sociopolitical events in the Mediterranean and Middle Eastern areas have significantly impacted international migration flows. As disease prevalence and type are different among western and Afro-Asian countries, physicians dealing with refugees should be aware of their specific health needs. We aimed at evaluating the health status and disease history of refugees at their arrival in the urban area of L'Aquila (Italy). STUDY DESIGN: This is a monocentric cross-sectional study...
April 5, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611148/what-is-the-current-evidence-of-the-impact-on-quality-of-life-whilst-waiting-for-management-treatment-of-orthopaedic-musculoskeletal-complaints-a-systematic-scoping-review
#19
Joanne Morris, Asterie Twizeyemariya, Karen Grimmer
PURPOSE: To describe quality of life (QoL) outcome measures that are reported in the literature in patients waiting for outpatient orthopaedic/musculoskeletal specialist care and how waiting impacts on QoL in these terms. METHODS: A subset of studies reporting on QoL outcome measures were extracted from literature identified in a recent scoping search of Medline, Embase, Pubmed, NHS Economic Evaluation Database (Prospero registration CRD42016047332). The systematic scoping search examined impacts on patients waiting for orthopaedic specialist care...
April 2, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609839/effects-of-a-precede-proceed-model-based-ergonomic-risk-management-programme-to-reduce-musculoskeletal-symptoms-of-icu-nurses
#20
Duygu Sezgin, M Nihal Esin
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate effects of a PRECEDE-PROCEED Model based, nurse-delivered Ergonomic Risk Management Program (ERMP) in the aim of reducing musculoskeletal symptoms of intensive care unit (ICU) nurses. METHODS: This pre-test post-test design for non-equivalent control groups study comprised 72 ICU nurses from two hospitals. A randomised sampling was done through the study population. The ERMP was delivered as an intervention including 26weeks of follow-up...
March 30, 2018: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
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