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Review articles in psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887679/-mindfulness-based-interventions-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-mechanisms-of-action-and-presentation-of-a-pilot-study
#1
M Gasnier, A Pelissolo, G Bondolfi, S Pelissolo, M Tomba, L Mallet, K N'diaye
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a frequent and severe disease, potentially inducing a major impairment for the patient and burden for their family. Recent research in psychiatry and neuroscience have led to better comprehension of the disease's mechanisms and helped to improve its treatment. However, a large proportion of patients have refractory symptoms, including for traditional cognitive and behavioral therapy by exposure and response prevention (ERP), leading clinicians to look for new treatments...
November 22, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871720/-guidelines-for-the-prescription-of-mood-stabilizers-for-adolescents-a-literature-review
#2
G Munch, N Godart
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is a unique phase of the human developmental process. In adolescents, psychotropic medications may have different efficacy and tolerance profiles compared to those at other stages of the lifespan. Mood stabilizers are a complex pharmacological category including lithium, some anticonvulsants, and some second generation antipsychotics. Focusing on this class of pharmacological agents, we aim to answer the following questions: in which indications and according to which modalities should mood stabilizers be prescribed during adolescence? METHODS: Information was sought from the websites of the French Haute Autorité de santé (HAS) and Agence nationale de sécurité du médicament et des produits de santé (ANSM), the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the British National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE)...
November 18, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856950/the-role-of-epigenetics-in-social-psychiatry
#3
REVIEW
Jacob Peedicayil
BACKGROUND: Epigenetics refers to the study of heritable changes in gene expression not involving changes in DNA sequence and is presently an active area of research in biology and medicine. There is increasing evidence that epigenetics is involved in the pathogenesis of psychiatric disorders. AIMS AND METHODS: Several studies conducted to date have suggested that psychosocial factors act by modifying epigenetic mechanisms of gene expression in the brain in the pathogenesis of psychiatric disorders...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829386/why-are-hospital-doctors-not-referring-to-consultation-liaison-psychiatry-a-systemic-review
#4
Kai Yang Chen, Rebecca Evans, Sarah Larkins
BACKGROUND: Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry (CLP) is a subspecialty of psychiatry that provides care to inpatients under non-psychiatric care. Despite evidence of benefits of CLP for inpatients with psychiatric comorbidities, referral rates from hospital doctors remain low. This review aims to understand barriers to CLP inpatient referral as described in the literature. METHODS: We searched on Medline, PsychINFO, CINAHL and SCOPUS, using MESH and the following keywords: 1) Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry, Consultation Liaison Psychiatry, Consultation Psychiatry, Liaison Psychiatry, Hospital Psychiatry, Psychosomatic Medicine, the 2) Referral, Consultation, Consultancy and 3) Inpatient, Hospitalized patient, Hospitalized patient...
November 9, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826323/bipolar-i-and-ii-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-differences-in-comorbid-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#5
REVIEW
Andrea Amerio, Brendon Stubbs, Anna Odone, Matteo Tonna, Carlo Marchesi, S Nassir Ghaemi
CONTEXT: More than half of the bipolar disorder (BD) cases have an additional diagnosis; one of the most difficult to manage is obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Although some authors recently investigated the co-occurrence of anxiety and BD, the topic remains insufficiently studied. The current study aimed to investigate differences in comorbid OCD between BD-I and BD-II. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted on the prevalence and predictors of comorbid BD-I/BD-II and OCD...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815802/psychiatry-resident-training-in-cultural-competence-an-educator-s-toolkit
#6
REVIEW
Irma Corral, Toni L Johnson, Pheston G Shelton, Oliver Glass
Resident physicians training in psychiatry in the U.S. are required to master a body of knowledge related to cultural psychiatry; are expected to adopt attitudes that endorse the principles of cultural competence; and finally are expected to acquire specific cultural competence skills that facilitate working effectively with diverse patients. This article first provides an overview of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) competencies related to cultural competence, as well as the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry's (AACAP) recommendations for the cultural competence training of child/adolescent fellows...
November 5, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783312/educational-scholarship-and-technology-resources-for-a-changing-undergraduate-medical-education-curriculum
#7
REVIEW
Brandon N Kyle, Irma Corral, Nadyah Janine John, P G Shelton
Returning to the original emphasis of higher education, universities have increasingly recognized the value and scholarship of teaching, and medical schools have been part of this educational scholarship movement. At the same time, the preferred learning styles of a new generation of medical students and advancements in technology have driven a need to incorporate technology into psychiatry undergraduate medical education (UGME). Educators need to understand how to find, access, and utilize such educational technology...
October 26, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779290/-child-psychiatry-limited-research-evidence-for-cost-effectiveness-of-treatment
#8
R M Vermeiren, J van der Meer
Research into cost-effectiveness of treatment of child psychiatric disorders is extremely limited. There are two main reasons for this: it's a new field and the type of research required is intrinsically complicated.<br/> AIM: To review selected articles that reveal the prevalence of child psychiatric disorders, demonstrate the complexity of cost-efficiency research in child psychiatry and point to the possible benefits of appropriate treatment.<br/> METHOD: We provide an overview of a selected number of articles dealing with the prevalence of child psychiatric disorders and the costs involved, we stress the diffulty of assessing whether current treatment is cost-effective and we describe the possible benefits of treatment...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755933/psychoradiology-the-frontier-of-neuroimaging-in-psychiatry
#9
Su Lui, Xiaohong Joe Zhou, John A Sweeney, Qiyong Gong
Unlike neurologic conditions, such as brain tumors, dementia, and stroke, the neural mechanisms for all psychiatric disorders remain unclear. A large body of research obtained with structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography/single photon emission computed tomography, and optical imaging has demonstrated regional and illness-specific brain changes at the onset of psychiatric disorders and in individuals at risk for such disorders. Many studies have shown that psychiatric medications induce specific measurable changes in brain anatomy and function that are related to clinical outcomes...
November 2016: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648501/risks-benefits-and-recommendations-for-pastoral-care-on-inpatient-psychiatric-units-a-systematic-review
#10
Steven Pennybaker, Patrick Hemming, Durga Roy, Blair Anton, Margaret S Chisolm
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review was conducted of the biomedical literature regarding pastoral care (PaC) providers on inpatient psychiatric units with the aim of answering 3 questions: (1) What are the risks and benefits of PaC providers' presence on inpatient psychiatric units? (2) What are current recommendations for integration of PaC providers into a psychiatric team? and (3) What gaps exist in the literature? METHODS: PubMed, PsycInfo, Embase, CINAHL, and Scopus were searched from the start of each database to July 9, 2014 using terms related to PaC providers and inpatient psychiatry...
September 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637873/-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-forensic-psychiatry-a-review
#11
D Galland, I Tisserant, L Notardonato
INTRODUCTION: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common and challenging childhood neurobehavioral disorders. ADHD may have behavioral consequences and involvements in minor and serious crimes. Our work aims to establish links between ADHD and forensic psychiatry. METHODS: A review of international scientific literature concerning the relationship between ADHD and forensic psychiatry was conducted using the PudMed electronic database...
September 13, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636104/toward-a-global-roadmap-for-precision-medicine-in-psychiatry-challenges-and-opportunities
#12
Shareefa Dalvie, Nastassja Koen, Nathaniel McGregor, Kevin O'Connell, Louise Warnich, Raj Ramesar, Caroline M Nievergelt, Dan J Stein
Mental disorders represent a major public health burden worldwide. This is likely to rise in the next decade, with the highest increases predicted to occur in low- and middle-income countries. Current psychotropic medication treatment guidelines focus on uniform approaches to the treatment of heterogeneous disorders and achieve only partial therapeutic success. Developing a global precision medicine approach in psychiatry appears attractive, given the value of this approach in other fields of medicine, such as oncology and infectious diseases...
October 2016: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631149/effects-of-direct-to-consumer-advertising-on-patient-prescription-requests-and-physician-prescribing-a-systematic-review-of-psychiatry-relevant-studies
#13
Sara J Becker, Miriam M Midoun
OBJECTIVE: To systematically analyze the effects of direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) on patient requests for medication and physician prescribing across psychiatry-relevant studies. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Thomson Reuters' ISI Web of Knowledge, and Google Scholar were searched (1999-2014) using variations of the terms direct-to-consumer advertising and psychiatric. Reference lists and an online repository of DTCA manuscripts were also scrutinized. STUDY SELECTION: English-language studies collecting data at the point of service, focusing on or including psychiatric medication, and assessing the effects of DTCA on patient and/or physician behavior were included...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605523/emergency-psychiatry-a-product-of-circumstance-or-a-growing-sub-speciality-field
#14
Paul Cammell
OBJECTIVES: This article reviews recent trends in the provision of psychiatric services to the emergency departments of tertiary hospitals in Australia, involving the establishment of specialised in-reach or liaison services as well as various forms of short stay unit attached to emergency departments. The Emergency Psychiatry Service at Flinders Medical Centre, South Australia, is described as a case example. Its specialised models of assessment and clinical care are described, highlighting how these are differentiated from more traditional models in inpatient, community and general hospital consultation-liaison psychiatry...
September 6, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516703/the-history-of-melancholia-disease
#15
Abbas Sadeghfard, Ali Reza Bozorgi, Shaghayegh Ahmadi, Masoumeh Shojaei
BACKGROUND: Melancholia is a kind of depression with the most common symptoms of evident mental disorder, slimness, lack of enjoyment, feeling guilty and having no appetite. In modern medicine, the word "melancholia" only refers to mental and affective symptoms of depression. However, historically, it could have physical symptoms as well as mental symptoms and the atrabilious situations were categorized according to their common reasons rather than their specific characteristics. This study aimed to enlighten the history of this disease...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514542/how-valid-is-placebo-in-the-indian-setting
#16
Himanshu Sharma
Background-The Placebo is defined as an inert substance with a potent therapeutic effect. Its effect is attributed to its psychological and neurobiological effect. Its use in Psychiatric drug practice in drug trials and clinical practice is common, especially in India .Currently there is a debate whether to use it or not as there are ethical, moral and legal issues. Also, its mechanism of action is not known. Discussion-The Indian Psychiatry scenario is muddled in relation to use of placebo in Randomized Controlled Trials or Psychiatric clinical practice...
August 10, 2016: Central Nervous System Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514465/pharmacogenomics-in-psychiatric-practice
#17
REVIEW
Rif S El-Mallakh, R Jeannie Roberts, Peggy L El-Mallakh, Lillian Jan Findlay, Kristen K Reynolds
Pharmacogenomic testing in psychiatry is becoming an established clinical procedure. Several vendors provide clinical interpretation of combinatorial pharmacogenomic testing of gene variants that have documented predictive implications regarding either pharmacologic response or adverse effects in depression and other psychiatric conditions. Such gene profiles have demonstrated improvements in outcome in depression, and reduction of cost of care of patients with inadequate clinical response. Additionally, several new gene variants are being studied to predict specific response in individuals...
September 2016: Clinics in Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504098/can-interoception-improve-the-pragmatic-search-for-biomarkers-in-psychiatry
#18
REVIEW
Sahib S Khalsa, Rachel C Lapidus
Disrupted interoception is a prominent feature of the diagnostic classification of several psychiatric disorders. However, progress in understanding the interoceptive basis of these disorders has been incremental, and the application of interoception in clinical treatment is currently limited to panic disorder. To examine the degree to which the scientific community has recognized interoception as a construct of interest, we identified and individually screened all articles published in the English language on interoception and associated root terms in Pubmed, Psychinfo, and ISI Web of Knowledge...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491537/-social-psychiatry-and-neurobiology-a-long-overdue-convergence-exemplified-by-schizophrenia
#19
W Kawohl, C Wyss, P Roser, M Brüne, W Rössler, G Juckel
BACKGROUND: The proliferation of biological psychiatry has greatly increased over the last two decades. With the possibility to carry out brain research using modern technical methods, it seemed that social influencing factors would lose importance in the development of mental diseases; however, in actual fact this does not seem to be justified. It is necessary to overcome this separation, in that social factors are incorporated into a conceptual framework in the development of mental diseases, which simultaneously also takes the results of current neurobiological research into consideration...
August 4, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488204/alcohol-and-opioid-use-disorder-in-older-adults-neglected-and-treatable-illnesses
#20
REVIEW
Christoffel Le Roux, Yilang Tang, Karen Drexler
The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of alcohol use disorder (AUD) and opioid use disorder (OUD) in older adults for general psychiatrists. The rapid growth of the geriatric population in the USA has wide-ranging implications as the baby boomer generation ages. Various types of substance use disorders (SUDs) are common in older adults, and they often take a greater toll on affected older adults than on younger adults. Due to multiple reasons, SUDs in older adults are often under-reported, under-detected, and under-treated...
September 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
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