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Collagen AND PRP

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904271/histologic-evidence-of-new-collagen-formulation-using-platelet-rich-plasma-in-skin-rejuvenation-a-prospective-controlled-clinical-study
#1
Ozlem Karabudak Abuaf, Hamza Yildiz, Hüseyin Baloglu, Memet Ersan Bilgili, Hasan Aktug Simsek, Bilal Dogan
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous concentration of human platelets contained in a small volume of plasma and has recently been shown to accelerate rejuvenate aging skin by various growth factors and cell adhesion molecules. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intradermal injection of PRP in the human facial rejuvenation. METHODS: This study was a prospective, single-center, single-dose, open-label, non-randomized controlled clinical study...
December 2016: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887732/expressions-of-pathologic-markers-in-prp-based-chondrogenic-differentiation-of-human-adipose-derived-stem-cells
#2
Arezou Pakfar, Shiva Irani, Hana Hanaee-Ahvaz
BACKGROUND: Optimization of the differentiation medium through using autologous factors such as PRP is of great consideration, but due to the complex, variable and undefined composition of PRP on one hand and lack of control over the absolute regulatory mechanisms in in vitro conditions or disrupted and different mechanisms in diseased tissue microenvironments in in vivo conditions on the other hand, it is complicated and rather unpredictable to get the desired effects of PRP making it inevitable to monitor the possible pathologic or undesired differentiation pathways and therapeutic effects of PRP...
November 12, 2016: Tissue & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865965/palladin-is-involved-in-platelet-activation-and-arterial-thrombosis
#3
Xuejiao Chen, Xuemei Fan, Juan Tan, Panlai Shi, Xiyi Wang, Jinjin Wang, Ying Kuang, Jian Fei, Junling Liu, Suying Dang, Zhugang Wang
The dynamics of actin cytoskeleton have been shown to play a critical role during platelet activation. Palladin is an actin-associated protein, serving as a cytoskeleton scaffold to bundle actin fibers and actin cross linker. The functional role of palladin on platelet activation has not been investigated. Here, we characterized heterozygous palladin knockout (palladin(+/-)) mice to elucidate the platelet-related functions of palladin. The results showed that palladin was expressed in platelets and moderate palladin deficiency accelerated hemostasis and arterial thrombosis...
November 10, 2016: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853331/effects-of-platelet-rich-plasma-platelet-rich-fibrin-with-and-without-stromal-cell-derived-factor-1-on-repairing-full-thickness-cartilage-defects-in-knees-of-rabbits
#4
Soghra Bahmanpour, Maryam Ghasemi, Mohsen Sadeghi-Naini, Iraj Ragerdi Kashani
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to create biomaterial scaffolds like platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) containing stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF1) as a chemokine to induce hyaline cartilage regeneration of rabbit knee in a full thickness defect. METHODS: We created a full thickness defect in the trochlear groove of thirty-six bilateral knees of eighteen mature male rabbits. The knees were randomly divided into six groups (group I: untreated control, group II: PRP, group III: PRF, group IV: Gelatin+SDF1, group V: PRP+SDF1, and group VI: PRF+SDF1)...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833116/freeze-dried-platelet-rich-plasma-accelerates-bone-union-with-adequate-rigidity-in-posterolateral-lumbar-fusion-surgery-model-in-rats
#5
Yasuhiro Shiga, Sumihisa Orita, Go Kubota, Hiroto Kamoda, Masaomi Yamashita, Yusuke Matsuura, Kazuyo Yamauchi, Yawara Eguchi, Miyako Suzuki, Kazuhide Inage, Takeshi Sainoh, Jun Sato, Kazuki Fujimoto, Koki Abe, Hirohito Kanamoto, Masahiro Inoue, Hideyuki Kinoshita, Yasuchika Aoki, Tomoaki Toyone, Takeo Furuya, Masao Koda, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Seiji Ohtori
Fresh platelet-rich plasma (PRP) accelerates bone union in rat model. However, fresh PRP has a short half-life. We suggested freeze-dried PRP (FD-PRP) prepared in advance and investigated its efficacy in vivo. Spinal posterolateral fusion was performed on 8-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats divided into six groups based on the graft materials (n = 10 per group): sham control, artificial bone (A hydroxyapatite-collagen composite) -alone, autologous bone, artificial bone + fresh-PRP, artificial bone + FD-PRP preserved 8 weeks, and artificial bone + human recombinant bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP) as a positive control...
November 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819759/effect-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-polypropylene-meshes-implanted-in-the-rabbit-vagina-histological-analysis
#6
Natália Gomes Parizzi, Oscar Ávila Rubini, Silvio Henrique Maia de Almeida, Lais Caetano Ireno, Roger Mitio Tashiro, Victor Hugo Tolotto de Carvalho
PURPOSE: The polypropylene mesh (PPM) is used in many surgical interventions because of its good incorporation and accessibility. However, potential mesh-related complications are common. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) improves the healing of wounds and is inexpensive. Thus, the purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of the PRP-gel coating of a PPM on inflammation, production of collagen, and smooth muscle in the rabbit vagina. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The intervention consisted of a 1...
November 2, 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718888/platelet-rich-plasma-for-tissue-regeneration-can-be-stored-at-room-temperature-for-at-least-five-days
#7
Gary W Moore, James C Maloney, Robert A Archer, Kerri L Brown, Katarzyna Mayger, Elaine S Bromidge, Mitra F Najafi
BACKGROUND: Autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is gaining increasing use as a wound healing promoter in a variety of clinical settings, including dentistry. Fresh PRP is often used, necessitating daily draws. The present study investigates the possibility of using stored PRP without having to freeze it by storing PRP under variable conditions and assessing growth factor release as a surrogate marker of continued viability. METHODS: Freshly drawn PRP was stored in oxygen permeable and non-oxygen permeable containers under conditions of constant agitation with or without added prostaglandin, intermittent agitation and no agitation, over an 8-day period...
October 8, 2016: British Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696338/influence-of-igf1-tgf%C3%AE-1-bfgf-and-g-csf-m-csf-on-the-mrna-levels-of-selected-matrix-proteins-cytokines-metalloproteinase-3-and-timp1-in-rat-synovial-membrane-cells
#8
Anna Osiecka-Iwan, Stanislaw Moskalewski, Anna Hyc
INTRODUCTION: We have previously observed that rat synovial membranes incubated in medium containing cartilage interstitial fluid (CIF) responded by changes in the expression of hyaluronan synthases (HAS1 and HAS2), collagen type I, versican, aggrecan, lubricin, matrix metalloproteinases 2 and 3 (MMP2 and MMP3), tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP1, 2 and 3), transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin (IL) 1β and IL-6. The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of particular cytokines found in CIF on the gene expression of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins in synovial membrane cells...
2016: Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676677/timing-of-platelet-rich-plasma-injections-during-antithrombotic-therapy
#9
Ryan Ravi Ramsook, Houman Danesh
The use of platelet rich plasma (PRP) spans across many fields owing to its role in healing and as a natural alternative to surgery. PRP continues to grow however much of the literature is anecdotal or case report based and there is a lack of controlled trials to evaluate standards for PRP. The International Cellular Medical Society (ICMS) has developed guidelines to help with the safe advancement of PRP; however there remains a gap in literature concerning the timing of PRP injections in patients who are on antithrombotic therapy...
September 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672658/platelet-rich-plasma-the-choice-of-activation-method-affects-the-release-of-bioactive-molecules
#10
Carola Cavallo, Alice Roffi, Brunella Grigolo, Erminia Mariani, Loredana Pratelli, Giulia Merli, Elizaveta Kon, Maurilio Marcacci, Giuseppe Filardo
Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) is a low-cost procedure to deliver high concentrations of autologous growth factors (GFs). Platelet activation is a crucial step that might influence the availability of bioactive molecules and therefore tissue healing. Activation of PRP from ten voluntary healthy males was performed by adding 10% of CaCl2, 10% of autologous thrombin, 10% of a mixture of CaCl2 + thrombin, and 10% of collagen type I. Blood derivatives were incubated for 15 and 30 minutes and 1, 2, and 24 hours and samples were evaluated for the release of VEGF, TGF-β1, PDGF-AB, IL-1β, and TNF-α...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651174/the-protective-effect-of-poloxamer-188-on-platelet-functions
#11
Nil Guler, Schuharazad Abro, Marty Emanuele, Omer Iqbal, Debra Hoppensteadt, Jawed Fareed
BACKGROUND: Poloxamer-188 (MST-188) is effective in the repair/recovery of damaged cell membranes. MST-188 is a promising agent for protecting blood cell viability. The aim of the study is to test the hypothesis that MST-188 can extend the duration of platelet function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 20 healthy volunteers. MST-188 (10 or 2 mg/mL) containing platelet-rich plasma (PRP) was prepared with 2 procedures. First, PRP prepared from MST-188 added whole blood (WB); second, MST-188 was added to PRP...
September 20, 2016: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649962/analysis-of-photobiomodulation-associated-or-not-with-platelet-rich-plasma-on-repair-of-muscle-tissue-by-raman-spectroscopy
#12
Guilherme Akio Tamura Ozaki, Regina Celi Trindade Camargo, Tatiana Emy Koike, Thiago Alves Garcia, Robson Chacon Castoldi, João Domingos Augusto Dos Santos Pereira, Carlos José Leopoldo Constantino, José Carlos Silva Camargo Filho
Treatment of muscle injuries usually results in the interruption of sports practice; thus, studies aimed at accelerating the return to activity, with proper tissue repair, are important. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of photobiomodulation (PBM), associated or not with platelet-rich plasma (PRP), on the treatment of muscle injury. Thirty-five animals were used and divided into five groups (n = 7): control (C), control lesion (CL), lesion treated with low-level laser therapy (LLLT) (LLt), lesion treated with PRP (LP), and lesion treated with both techniques, LLLT and PRP (LLtP)...
December 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633527/bone-remodeling-around-implants-placed-in-augmented-sinuses-in-patients-with-and-without-history-of-periodontitis
#13
Agurne Uribarri, Eneritz Bilbao, Xabier Marichalar-Mendia, Rafael Martínez-Conde, José M Aguirre, Fernando Verdugo
BACKGROUND: Susceptible individuals may be more prone to bone loss after augmentation procedures. PURPOSE: Identify plausible clinical and biological factors influencing apical and marginal bone remodeling at implants placed in augmented sinuses, in patients with and without history of periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional clinical study analyzed implant bone levels in a group of 104 patients with and without history of periodontitis undergoing 139 sinus augmentation procedures...
September 15, 2016: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605093/combination-of-platelet-rich-plasma-and-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-enhances-tendon-bone-healing-in-a-rabbit-model-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#14
Chong Teng, Chenhe Zhou, Danfeng Xu, Fanggang Bi
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate the potency of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) combined with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) to promote tendon-bone healing in a rabbit model. METHODS: In the in vitro study, the effects of PRP on osteogenic induction of BMSCs were analysed. Later, PRP with or without BMSCs was used in the rabbit model of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Specimens were harvested 8 weeks postoperatively to evaluate tendon-bone healing by histology, radiology, and biomechanical testing...
2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583354/histological-response-to-platelet-rich-plasma-added-to-polypropylene-mesh-implemented-in-rabbits
#15
Oscar Rubini Ávila, Natália Gomes Parizzi, Ana Paula Mayumi Souza, Dayane Silvestre Botini, João Ytimura Alves, Silvio Henrique Maia Almeida
INTRODUCTION: The platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is part of a set of biotechnologies, providing some growth factors that promote repair of different tissues. The polypropylene meshes (PPM) are applied in the correction of abdominal defects, pelvic floor and urinary incontinence, however, they induce many significant complications, as a result of an inappropriate inflammatory response. PURPOSE: To investigate the changes caused by PRP associated with the implantation of PPM in the abdomen of female rabbits, in the production of collagen I and III and the inflammatory infiltrate (ININ)...
September 1, 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535268/does-platelet-rich-plasma-increase-tendon-metabolism
#16
Robert-Jan de Vos
Acute and overuse tendon disorders are frequently observed in the middle-aged active population. Tendon overuse injuries are currently designated as "tendinopathy". Histopathological studies have shown that chronic tendinopathy is frequently characterised by degenerative changes, such as decreased organisation of collagen, altered cell distribution and neovascularisation. In the recent years, scientific research and technology in the field of regenerative medicine has provided a new perspectives on managing chronic tendinopathy...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516475/abacavir-has-no-prothrombotic-effect-on-platelets-in-vitro
#17
Yacouba L Diallo, Véronique Ollivier, Véronique Joly, Dorothée Faille, Giovanna Catalano, Martine Jandrot-Perrus, Antoine Rauch, Patrick Yeni, Nadine Ajzenberg
OBJECTIVES: HIV patients exposed to abacavir have an increased risk of myocardial infarction, with contradictory results in the literature. The aim of our study was to determine whether abacavir has a direct effect on platelet activation and aggregation using platelets from healthy donors and from HIV-infected patients under therapy with an undetectable viral load. METHODS: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) or whole blood from healthy donors was treated with abacavir (5 or 10 μg/mL) or its active metabolite carbovir diphosphate...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512216/management-of-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head-a-novel-technique
#18
Ahmed M Samy
BACKGROUND: Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a debilitating disease in orthopedics, frequently progressing to femoral head collapse and osteoarthritis. It is thought to be a multifactorial disease. ONFH ultimately results in femoral head collapse in 75-85% of untreated patients. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) yields satisfactory results in the treatment of the end stage of the disease. However, disease typically affects males between the ages of 20 and 40 years and joint replacement is not the ideal option for younger patients...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501152/the-prion-protein-is-an-agonistic-ligand-of-the-g-protein-coupled-receptor-adgrg6
#19
Alexander Küffer, Asvin K K Lakkaraju, Amit Mogha, Sarah C Petersen, Kristina Airich, Cédric Doucerain, Rajlakshmi Marpakwar, Pamela Bakirci, Assunta Senatore, Arnaud Monnard, Carmen Schiavi, Mario Nuvolone, Bianka Grosshans, Simone Hornemann, Frederic Bassilana, Kelly R Monk, Adriano Aguzzi
Ablation of the cellular prion protein PrP(C) leads to a chronic demyelinating polyneuropathy affecting Schwann cells. Neuron-restricted expression of PrP(C) prevents the disease, suggesting that PrP(C) acts in trans through an unidentified Schwann cell receptor. Here we show that the cAMP concentration in sciatic nerves from PrP(C)-deficient mice is reduced, suggesting that PrP(C) acts via a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR). The amino-terminal flexible tail (residues 23-120) of PrP(C) triggered a concentration-dependent increase in cAMP in primary Schwann cells, in the Schwann cell line SW10, and in HEK293T cells overexpressing the GPCR Adgrg6 (also known as Gpr126)...
August 25, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27369779/in-vitro-effects-of-platelet-rich-gel-supernatants-on-histology-and-chondrocyte-apoptosis-scores-hyaluronan-release-and-gene-expression-of-equine-cartilage-explants-challenged-with-lipopolysaccharide
#20
Jorge U Carmona, Diana L Ríos, Catalina López, María E Álvarez, Jorge E Pérez, Mabel E Bohórquez
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) preparations are a common treatment in equine osteoarthritis (OA). However, there are controversies regarding the ideal concentration of platelets and leukocytes in these biological substances necessary to induce an adequate anti-inflammatory and anabolic response in articular cartilage. The aims were to study the influence of leukocyte- and platelet-rich gel (L-PRG) and pure platelet-rich gel (P-PRG) supernatants on the histological changes of cartilage, the degree of chondrocyte apoptosis, the production of hyaluronan (HA) and the gene expression of nuclear factor kappa beta (NFkβ), matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP-13), a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs 4 (ADAMTS-4), collagen type I alpha 1 (COL1A1), collagen type II alpha 1 (COL2A1) and cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) in normal cartilage explants (CEs) challenged with lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
2016: BMC Veterinary Research
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