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Staufen1, Staufen2

Eonyoung Park, Michael L Gleghorn, Lynne E Maquat
Staufen (STAU)1-mediated mRNA decay (SMD) is a posttranscriptional regulatory mechanism in mammals that degrades mRNAs harboring a STAU1-binding site (SBS) in their 3'-untranslated regions (3' UTRs). We show that SMD involves not only STAU1 but also its paralog STAU2. STAU2, like STAU1, is a double-stranded RNA-binding protein that interacts directly with the ATP-dependent RNA helicase up-frameshift 1 (UPF1) to reduce the half-life of SMD targets that form an SBS by either intramolecular or intermolecular base-pairing...
January 8, 2013: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Luc Furic, Marjolaine Maher-Laporte, Luc DesGroseillers
Messenger RNAs are associated with multiple RNA-binding proteins to form ribonucleoprotein (mRNP) complexes. These proteins are important regulators of the fate of their target mRNAs. In human cells, Staufen1 and Staufen2 proteins, coded by two different genes, are double-stranded RNA-binding proteins involved in several cellular functions including mRNA localization, translation, and decay. Although 51% identical, these proteins are nevertheless found in different RNA particles. In addition, differential splicing events generate Staufen2 isoforms that only differ at their N-terminal extremities...
February 2008: RNA
Srinivas Ramasamy, Hui Wang, Helen Ngoc Bao Quach, Karuna Sampath
In sexually reproducing organisms, primordial germ cells (PGCs) give rise to the cells of the germ line, the gametes. In many animals, PGCs are set apart from somatic cells early during embryogenesis. Work in Drosophila, C. elegans, Xenopus, and zebrafish has shown that maternally provided localized cytoplasmic determinants specify the germ line in these organisms (Raz, E., 2003. Primordial germ-cell development: the zebrafish perspective. Nat. Rev., Genet. 4, 690--700; Santos, A.C., Lehmann, R., 2004. Germ cell specification and migration in Drosophila and beyond...
April 15, 2006: Developmental Biology
George Elvira, Bernard Massie, Luc DesGroseillers
In mammalian neurons, transport and translation of mRNA to individual potentiated synapses is believed to occur via a heterogeneous population of RNA granules. To identify components of Staufen2-containing granules, we used the yeast two-hybrid system. A mouse fetal cDNA library was screened with the N-terminal fragment of Staufen2 as bait. ZFR, a three zinc finger protein, was identified as an interacting protein. Confocal microscopy showed that ZFR, although mainly nuclear, was also found in the somatodendritic compartment of primary hippocampal neurons where it localized as granule-like structures...
January 2006: Journal of Neurochemistry
Massimo Mallardo, Anke Deitinghoff, Juliane Müller, Bernhard Goetze, Paolo Macchi, Christopher Peters, Michael A Kiebler
Localized mRNAs are thought to be transported in defined particles to their final destination. These particles represent large protein complexes that may be involved in recognizing, transporting, and anchoring localized messages. Few components of these ribonucleoparticles, however, have been identified yet. We chose the strategy to biochemically enrich native RNA-protein complexes involved in RNA transport to identify the associated RNAs and proteins. Because Staufen proteins were implicated in intracellular RNA transport, we chose mammalian Staufen proteins as markers for the purification of RNA transport particles...
February 18, 2003: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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