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Tara E Crawford Parks, Kristen A Marcellus, Jonathan Langill, Aymeric Ravel-Chapuis, Jean Michaud, Kyle N Cowan, Jocelyn Côté, Bernard J Jasmin
Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common soft tissue sarcoma in children and young adults. Rhabdomyosarcomas are skeletal muscle-like tumours that typically arise in muscle beds, and express key myogenic regulatory factors. However, their developmental program remains blocked in the proliferative phase with cells unable to exit the cell cycle to fuse into myotubes. Recently, we uncovered a key role for the RNA-binding protein Staufen1 during myogenic differentiation through the regulation of c-myc translation. Given the known implication of c-myc in rhabdomyosarcoma, we hypothesized in the current work that Staufen1 controls rhabdomyosarcoma tumorigenesis...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
Emma Bondy-Chorney, Tara E Crawford Parks, Aymeric Ravel-Chapuis, Bernard J Jasmin, Jocelyn Côté
In a recent issue of PLOS Genetics, we reported that the double-stranded RNA-binding protein, Staufen1, functions as a disease modifier in the neuromuscular disorder Myotonic Dystrophy Type I (DM1). In this work, we demonstrated that Staufen1 regulates the alternative splicing of exon 11 of the human Insulin Receptor, a highly studied missplicing event in DM1, through Alu elements located in an intronic region. Furthermore, we found that Staufen1 overexpression regulates numerous alternative splicing events, potentially resulting in both positive and negative effects in DM1...
2016: Rare Diseases
Florence Bonnet-Magnaval, Céline Philippe, Loïc Van Den Berghe, Hervé Prats, Christian Touriol, Eric Lacazette
Under physiological stress conditions the cell protects itself through a global blockade on cap-dependent translation of mRNA. This allows cap-independent mechanisms such as internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-mediated translation to take over and initiate the translation of a specific pool of mRNAs that encode proteins involved in protecting the cell from stress. Staufen 1 (Stau1) is an RNA-binding protein that has been previously implicated in the regulation of stress granule formation and therefore could play a key role in protecting the cell against stress stimuli such as oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress...
October 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Updesh Dixit, Ashutosh K Pandey, Priya Mishra, Amitabha Sengupta, Virendra N Pandey
Persistent hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection leads to chronic hepatitis C (CHC), which often progresses to liver cirrhosis (LC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The molecular mechanisms that establish CHC and cause its subsequent development into LC and HCC are poorly understood. We have identified a cytoplasmic double-stranded RNA binding protein, Stau1, which is crucial for HCV replication. In this study, Stau1 specifically interacted with the variable-stem-loop region in the 3' NTR and domain IIId of the HCV-IRES in the 5' NTR, and promoted HCV replication and translation...
June 20, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
Aymeric Ravel-Chapuis, Amanda Klein Gunnewiek, Guy Bélanger, Tara E Crawford Parks, Jocelyn Côté, Bernard J Jasmin
Myotonic dystrophy (DM1) is caused by an expansion of CUG repeats (CUG(exp)) in the DMPK mRNA 3'UTR. CUG(exp)-containing mRNAs become toxic to cells by misregulating RNA-binding proteins. Here we investigated the consequence of this RNA toxicity on the cellular stress response. We report that cell stress efficiently triggers formation of stress granules (SGs) in proliferating, quiescent, and differentiated muscle cells, as shown by the appearance of distinct cytoplasmic TIA-1- and DDX3-containing foci. We show that Staufen1 is also dynamically recruited into these granules...
June 1, 2016: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Emma Bondy-Chorney, Tara E Crawford Parks, Aymeric Ravel-Chapuis, Roscoe Klinck, Lynda Rocheleau, Martin Pelchat, Benoit Chabot, Bernard J Jasmin, Jocelyn Côté
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is a neuromuscular disorder caused by an expansion of CUG repeats in the 3' UTR of the DMPK gene. The CUG repeats form aggregates of mutant mRNA, which cause misregulation and/or sequestration of RNA-binding proteins, causing aberrant alternative splicing in cells. Previously, we showed that the multi-functional RNA-binding protein Staufen1 (Stau1) was increased in skeletal muscle of DM1 mouse models and patients. We also showed that Stau1 rescues the alternative splicing profile of pre-mRNAs, e...
January 2016: PLoS Genetics
Noga Gershoni-Emek, Arnon Mazza, Michael Chein, Tal Gradus-Pery, Xin Xiang, Ka Wan Li, Roded Sharan, Eran Perlson
Synapse disruption takes place in many neurodegenerative diseases, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). However, the mechanistic understanding of this process is still limited. We set out to study a possible role for dynein in synapse integrity. Cytoplasmic dynein is a multisubunit intracellular molecule responsible for diverse cellular functions, including long-distance transport of vesicles, organelles, and signaling factors toward the cell center. A less well-characterized role dynein may play is the spatial clustering and anchoring of various factors including mRNAs in distinct cellular domains such as the neuronal synapse...
February 2016: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
Sandra M Fernández Moya, Michael A Kiebler
hiCLIP (RNA hybrid and individual-nucleotide resolution ultraviolet cross-linking and immunoprecipitation), is a novel technique developed by Sugimoto et al. (2015). Here, the use of different adaptors permits a controlled ligation of the two strands of a RNA duplex allowing the identification of each arm in the duplex upon sequencing. The authors chose a notoriously difficult to study double-stranded RNA-binding protein (dsRBP) termed Staufen1, a mammalian homolog of Drosophila Staufen involved in mRNA localization and translational control...
October 2015: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
Xinlei Wang, Lela Vukovic, Hye Ran Koh, Klaus Schulten, Sua Myong
Double-stranded (ds) RNA is a key player in numerous biological activities in cells, including RNA interference, anti-viral immunity and mRNA transport. The class of proteins responsible for recognizing dsRNA is termed double-stranded RNA binding proteins (dsRBP). However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying the interaction between dsRBPs and dsRNA. Here we examined four human dsRBPs, ADAD2, TRBP, Staufen 1 and ADAR1 on six dsRNA substrates that vary in length and secondary structure. We combined single molecule pull-down (SiMPull), single molecule protein-induced fluorescence enhancement (smPIFE) and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to investigate the dsRNA-dsRBP interactions...
September 3, 2015: Nucleic Acids Research
T-P Xu, X-X Liu, R Xia, L Yin, R Kong, W-M Chen, M-D Huang, Y-Q Shu
The long noncoding RNA TINCR shows aberrant expression in human squamous carcinomas. However, its expression and function in gastric cancer remain unclear. We report that TINCR is strongly upregulated in human gastric carcinoma (GC), where it was found to contribute to oncogenesis and cancer progression. We also revealed that TINCR overexpression is induced by nuclear transcription factor SP1. Silencing TINCR expression inhibited cell proliferation, colony formation, tumorigenicity and apoptosis promotion, whereas TINCR overexpression promoted cell growth, as documented in the SGC7901 and BGC823 cell lines...
November 5, 2015: Oncogene
Joan Peredo, Patricia Villacé, Juan Ortín, Susana de Lucas
Double-stranded RNA-binding proteins are key elements in the intracellular localization of mRNA and its local translation. Staufen is a double-stranded RNA binding protein involved in the localised translation of specific mRNAs during Drosophila early development and neuronal cell fate. The human homologue Staufen1 forms RNA-containing complexes that include proteins involved in translation and motor proteins to allow their movement within the cell, but the mechanism underlying translation repression in these complexes is poorly understood...
2014: PloS One
Aymeric Ravel-Chapuis, Tara E Crawford, Marie-Laure Blais-Crépeau, Guy Bélanger, Chase T Richer, Bernard J Jasmin
Recent work has shown that Staufen1 plays key roles in skeletal muscle, yet little is known about its pattern of expression during embryonic and postnatal development. Here we first show that Staufen1 levels are abundant in mouse embryonic muscles and that its expression decreases thereafter, reaching low levels in mature muscles. A similar pattern of expression is seen as cultured myoblasts differentiate into myotubes. Muscle degeneration/regeneration experiments revealed that Staufen1 increases after cardiotoxin injection before returning to the low levels seen in mature muscles...
November 15, 2014: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Karine Boulay, Mehdi Ghram, Wildriss Viranaicken, Véronique Trépanier, Stéphanie Mollet, Céline Fréchina, Luc DesGroseillers
Staufen1 (Stau1) is a ribonucleic acid (RNA)-binding protein involved in the post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Recent studies indicate that Stau1-bound messenger RNAs (mRNAs) mainly code for proteins involved in transcription and cell cycle control. Consistently, we report here that Stau1 abundance fluctuates through the cell cycle in HCT116 and U2OS cells: it is high from the S phase to the onset of mitosis and rapidly decreases as cells transit through mitosis. Stau1 down-regulation is mediated by the ubiquitin-proteasome system and the E3 ubiquitin ligase anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C)...
July 2014: Nucleic Acids Research
Min Young Kim, Jungyun Park, Jong Joo Lee, Dae Hyun Ha, Jonghwan Kim, Chan Gil Kim, Jungwook Hwang, Chul Geun Kim
Requiem (REQ/DPF2) was originally identified as an apoptosis-inducing protein in mouse myeloid cells and belongs to the novel Krüppel-type zinc finger d4-protein family of proteins, which includes neuro-d4 (DPF1) and cer-d4 (DPF3). Interestingly, when a portion of the REQ messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) 3' untranslated region (3'UTR), referred to as G8, was overexpressed in K562 cells, β-globin expression was induced, suggesting that the 3'UTR of REQ mRNA plays a physiological role. Here, we present evidence that the REQ mRNA 3'UTR, along with its trans-acting factor, Staufen1 (STAU1), is able to reduce the level of REQ mRNA via STAU1-mediated mRNA decay (SMD)...
June 2014: Nucleic Acids Research
Guo-zheng Li, Jing-jing Guo, Cong-bin Peng
OBJECTIVE: To search for an appropriate animal model that is more closely related to human to study cAMP-response element binding protein target gene Staufen and to identify its location. METHODS: The phylogenetic tree was constructed with Staufen protein (STAUFEN) sequences of different species, and the most suitable animal model was selected by analyzing relativity among them. The Staufen fragments were amplified with reverse transcription-PCR and inserted into a vector and then the sub-clone was transformed into bacteria, selected, amplified, extracted and sequenced...
January 2014: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
Susana de Lucas, Juan Carlos Oliveros, Mónica Chagoyen, Juan Ortín
Cellular messenger RNAs (mRNAs) are associated to proteins in the form of ribonucleoprotein particles. The double-stranded RNA-binding (DRB) proteins play important roles in mRNA synthesis, modification, activity and decay. Staufen is a DRB protein involved in the localized translation of specific mRNAs during Drosophila early development. The human Staufen1 (hStau1) forms RNA granules that contain translation regulation proteins as well as cytoskeleton and motor proteins to allow the movement of the granule on microtubules, but the mechanisms of hStau1-RNA recognition are still unclear...
April 2014: Nucleic Acids Research
Emiliano P Ricci, Alper Kucukural, Can Cenik, Blandine C Mercier, Guramrit Singh, Erin E Heyer, Ami Ashar-Patel, Lingtao Peng, Melissa J Moore
Human Staufen1 (Stau1) is a double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-binding protein implicated in multiple post-transcriptional gene-regulatory processes. Here we combined RNA immunoprecipitation in tandem (RIPiT) with RNase footprinting, formaldehyde cross-linking, sonication-mediated RNA fragmentation and deep sequencing to map Staufen1-binding sites transcriptome wide. We find that Stau1 binds complex secondary structures containing multiple short helices, many of which are formed by inverted Alu elements in annotated 3' untranslated regions (UTRs) or in 'strongly distal' 3' UTRs...
January 2014: Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
Hana Cho, Sisu Han, Ok Hyun Park, Yoon Ki Kim
Suppressor of morphogenesis in genitalia 1 (SMG1), a member of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-related kinase family, is involved in nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD). SMG1 phosphorylates Upf1, a key NMD factor. Subsequently, hyperphosphorylated Upf1 associates with SMG5-7 or proline-rich nuclear receptor coregulatory protein (PNRC2) to elicit rapid mRNA degradation. Upf1 is also known to be involved in staufen 1 (Stau1)-mediated mRNA decay (SMD), which is closely related to NMD. However, the biological and molecular roles of SMG1 in SMD remain unknown...
December 2013: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Chenguang Gong, Yalan Tang, Lynne E Maquat
We report a new mechanism by which human mRNAs cross-talk: an Alu element in the 3' untranslated region (3' UTR) of one mRNA can base-pair with a partially complementary Alu element in the 3' UTR of a different mRNA, thereby creating a Staufen1 (STAU1)-binding site (SBS). STAU1 binding to a 3'-UTR SBS was previously shown to trigger STAU1-mediated mRNA decay (SMD) by directly recruiting the ATP-dependent RNA helicase UPF1, which is also a key factor in the mechanistically related nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) pathway...
October 2013: Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
Guerline Clerzius, Eileen Shaw, Aïcha Daher, Samantha Burugu, Jean-François Gélinas, Thornin Ear, Lucile Sinck, Jean-Pierre Routy, Andrew J Mouland, Rekha C Patel, Anne Gatignol
BACKGROUND: HIV-1 translation is modulated by the activation of the interferon (IFN)-inducible Protein Kinase RNA-activated (PKR). PKR phosphorylates its downstream targets, including the alpha subunit of the eukaryotic translation Initiation Factor 2 (eIF2α), which decreases viral replication. The PKR Activator (PACT) is known to activate PKR after a cellular stress. In lymphocytic cell lines, HIV-1 activates PKR only transiently and not when cells replicate the virus at high levels...
2013: Retrovirology
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