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Juan Liu, Kun-Shan Zhang, Bin Hu, Si-Guang Li, Qing Li, Yu-Ping Luo, Yang Wang, Zhi-Feng Deng
Although extensive studies have identified large number of microRNAs (miRNAs) and long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in ischemic stroke, the RNA regulation network response to focal ischemia remains poorly understood. In this study, we simultaneously interrogate the expression profiles of lncRNAs, miRNAs, and mRNAs changes during focal ischemia induced by transient middle cerebral artery occlusion. A set of 1924 novel lncRNAs were identified and may involve brain injury and DNA repair as revealed by coexpression network analysis...
2018: BioMed Research International
Byoung-San Moon, Jinlun Bai, Mingyang Cai, Chunming Liu, Jiandang Shi, Wange Lu
Kruppel-like factor 4 (Klf4) is a zinc-finger-containing protein that plays a critical role in diverse cellular physiology. While most of these functions attribute to its role as a transcription factor, it is postulated that Klf4 may play a role other than transcriptional regulation. Here we demonstrate that Klf4 loss in neural progenitor cells (NPCs) leads to increased neurogenesis and reduced self-renewal in mice. In addition, Klf4 interacts with RNA-binding protein Staufen1 (Stau1) and RNA helicase Ddx5/17...
January 26, 2018: Nature Communications
Bronwyn A Lucas, Eitan Lavi, Lily Shiue, Hana Cho, Sol Katzman, Keita Miyoshi, Mikiko C Siomi, Liran Carmel, Manuel Ares, Lynne E Maquat
Primate-specific Alu short interspersed elements (SINEs) as well as rodent-specific B and ID (B/ID) SINEs can promote Staufen-mediated decay (SMD) when present in mRNA 3'-untranslated regions (3'-UTRs). The transposable nature of SINEs, their presence in long noncoding RNAs, their interactions with Staufen, and their rapid divergence in different evolutionary lineages suggest they could have generated substantial modification of posttranscriptional gene-control networks during mammalian evolution. Some of the variation in SMD regulation produced by SINE insertion might have had a similar regulatory effect in separate mammalian lineages, leading to parallel evolution of the Staufen network by independent expansion of lineage-specific SINEs...
January 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Shringar Rao, Alessandro Cinti, Abdelkrim Temzi, Raquel Amorim, Ji Chang You, Andrew J Mouland
The nucleocapsid (NC) is an N-terminal protein derived from the HIV-1 Gag precursor polyprotein, pr55Gag. NC possesses key functions at several pivotal stages of viral replication. For example, an interaction between NC and the host, double-stranded RNA-binding protein Staufen1 was shown to regulate several steps in the viral replication cycle, such as Gag multimerisation and genomic RNA encapsidation. In this work, we observed that the overexpression of NC leads to the induction of stress granule (SG) assembly...
November 10, 2017: RNA
Younseo Oh, Jungyun Park, Jin-Il Kim, Mi-Yoon Chang, Sang-Hun Lee, Youl-Hee Cho, Jungwook Hwang
Staufen1 (STAU1) and Lin28B are RNA-binding proteins that are involved in neuronal differentiation as a function of post-transcriptional regulation. STAU1 triggers post-transcriptional regulation, including mRNA export, mRNA relocation, translation and mRNA decay. Lin28B also has multiple functions in miRNA biogenesis and the regulation of translation. Here, we examined the connection between STAU1 and Lin28B and found that Lin28B regulates the abundance of STAU1 mRNA via miRNA maturation. Decreases in the expression of both STAU1 and Lin28B were observed during neuronal differentiation...
November 3, 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
Antoine de Morrée, Cindy T J van Velthoven, Qiang Gan, Jayesh S Salvi, Julian D D Klein, Igor Akimenko, Marco Quarta, Stefano Biressi, Thomas A Rando
Tissue regeneration depends on the timely activation of adult stem cells. In skeletal muscle, the adult stem cells maintain a quiescent state and proliferate upon injury. We show that muscle stem cells (MuSCs) use direct translational repression to maintain the quiescent state. High-resolution single-molecule and single-cell analyses demonstrate that quiescent MuSCs express high levels of Myogenic Differentiation 1 (MyoD) transcript in vivo, whereas MyoD protein is absent. RNA pulldowns and costainings show that MyoD mRNA interacts with Staufen1, a potent regulator of mRNA localization, translation, and stability...
October 24, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Konstantin Licht, Michael F Jantsch
The RNA editing enzyme ADAR1 seemingly has more functions besides RNA editing. Mouse models lacking ADAR1 and sensors of foreign RNA show that RNA editing by ADAR1 plays a crucial role in the innate immune response. Still, RNA editing alone cannot explain all observed phenotypes. Thus, additional roles for ADAR1 must exist. Binding of ADAR1 to RNA is independent of its RNA editing function. Thus, ADAR1 may compete with other RNA-binding proteins. A very recent manuscript elaborates on this and reports competition of ADAR1 with STAUFEN1, thereby modulating RNA-degradation...
September 28, 2017: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
Tong-Peng Xu, Yan-Fen Wang, Wei-Liang Xiong, Pei Ma, Wen-Yu Wang, Wen-Ming Chen, Ming-De Huang, Rui Xia, Rong Wang, Er-Bao Zhang, Yan-Wen Liu, Wei De, Yong-Qian Shu
Recent evidence indicates that E2F1 transcription factor have pivotal roles in the regulation of cellular processes, and is found to be dysregulated in a variety of cancers. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are also reported to exert important effect on tumorigenesis. E2F1 is aberrantly expressed in gastric cancer (GC), and biology functions of E2F1 in GC are controversial. The biological characteristics of E2F1 and correlation between E2F1 and lncRNAs in GC remain to be found. In this study, integrated analysis revealed that E2F1 expression was significantly increased in GC cases and its expression was positively correlated with the poor pathologic stage, large tumor size and poor prognosis...
June 1, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
Kevin Cheung, Cristian A Droppelmann, Adam MacLellan, Ian Cameron, Benjamin Withers, Danae Campos-Melo, Kathryn Volkening, Michael J Strong
Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor (RGNEF) is a 190kDa RNA binding protein (RBP) that also contains a Dbl/PH domain capable of RhoA activation. Consistent with a key role in the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), RGNEF forms pathological neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions in degenerating spinal motor neurons. To further understand the role of RGNEF in the stress response, we first observed that the expression of RGNEF is upregulated in murine spinal motor neurons following distal sciatic nerve injury...
May 8, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
Masayuki Sakurai, Yusuke Shiromoto, Hiromitsu Ota, Chunzi Song, Andrew V Kossenkov, Jayamanna Wickramasinghe, Louise C Showe, Emmanuel Skordalakes, Hsin-Yao Tang, David W Speicher, Kazuko Nishikura
Both p150 and p110 isoforms of ADAR1 convert adenosine to inosine in double-stranded RNA (dsRNA). ADAR1p150 suppresses the dsRNA-sensing mechanism that activates MDA5-MAVS-IFN signaling in the cytoplasm. In contrast, the biological function of the ADAR1p110 isoform, which is usually located in the nucleus, is largely unknown. Here, we show that stress-activated phosphorylation of ADAR1p110 by MKK6-p38-MSK MAP kinases promotes its binding to Exportin-5 and its export from the nucleus. After translocating to the cytoplasm, ADAR1p110 suppresses apoptosis in stressed cells by protecting many antiapoptotic gene transcripts that contain 3'-untranslated-region dsRNA structures primarily comprising inverted Alu repeats...
June 2017: Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
Tara E Crawford Parks, Aymeric Ravel-Chapuis, Emma Bondy-Chorney, Jean-Marc Renaud, Jocelyn Côté, Bernard J Jasmin
Converging lines of evidence have now highlighted the key role for post-transcriptional regulation in the neuromuscular system. In particular, several RNA-binding proteins are known to be misregulated in neuromuscular disorders including myotonic dystrophy type 1, spinal muscular atrophy and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. In this study, we focused on the RNA-binding protein Staufen1, which assumes multiple functions in both skeletal muscle and neurons. Given our previous work that showed a marked increase in Staufen1 expression in various physiological and pathological conditions including denervated muscle, in embryonic and undifferentiated skeletal muscle, in rhabdomyosarcomas as well as in myotonic dystrophy type 1 muscle samples from both mouse models and humans, we investigated the impact of sustained Staufen1 expression in postnatal skeletal muscle...
May 15, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
Tara E Crawford Parks, Kristen A Marcellus, Jonathan Langill, Aymeric Ravel-Chapuis, Jean Michaud, Kyle N Cowan, Jocelyn Côté, Bernard J Jasmin
Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common soft tissue sarcoma in children and young adults. Rhabdomyosarcomas are skeletal muscle-like tumours that typically arise in muscle beds, and express key myogenic regulatory factors. However, their developmental program remains blocked in the proliferative phase with cells unable to exit the cell cycle to fuse into myotubes. Recently, we uncovered a key role for the RNA-binding protein Staufen1 during myogenic differentiation through the regulation of c-myc translation. Given the known implication of c-myc in rhabdomyosarcoma, we hypothesized in the current work that Staufen1 controls rhabdomyosarcoma tumorigenesis...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
Emma Bondy-Chorney, Tara E Crawford Parks, Aymeric Ravel-Chapuis, Bernard J Jasmin, Jocelyn Côté
In a recent issue of PLOS Genetics, we reported that the double-stranded RNA-binding protein, Staufen1, functions as a disease modifier in the neuromuscular disorder Myotonic Dystrophy Type I (DM1). In this work, we demonstrated that Staufen1 regulates the alternative splicing of exon 11 of the human Insulin Receptor, a highly studied missplicing event in DM1, through Alu elements located in an intronic region. Furthermore, we found that Staufen1 overexpression regulates numerous alternative splicing events, potentially resulting in both positive and negative effects in DM1...
2016: Rare Diseases
Florence Bonnet-Magnaval, Céline Philippe, Loïc Van Den Berghe, Hervé Prats, Christian Touriol, Eric Lacazette
Under physiological stress conditions the cell protects itself through a global blockade on cap-dependent translation of mRNA. This allows cap-independent mechanisms such as internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-mediated translation to take over and initiate the translation of a specific pool of mRNAs that encode proteins involved in protecting the cell from stress. Staufen 1 (Stau1) is an RNA-binding protein that has been previously implicated in the regulation of stress granule formation and therefore could play a key role in protecting the cell against stress stimuli such as oxidative and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress...
October 14, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Updesh Dixit, Ashutosh K Pandey, Priya Mishra, Amitabha Sengupta, Virendra N Pandey
Persistent hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection leads to chronic hepatitis C (CHC), which often progresses to liver cirrhosis (LC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The molecular mechanisms that establish CHC and cause its subsequent development into LC and HCC are poorly understood. We have identified a cytoplasmic double-stranded RNA binding protein, Stau1, which is crucial for HCV replication. In this study, Stau1 specifically interacted with the variable-stem-loop region in the 3' NTR and domain IIId of the HCV-IRES in the 5' NTR, and promoted HCV replication and translation...
June 20, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
Aymeric Ravel-Chapuis, Amanda Klein Gunnewiek, Guy Bélanger, Tara E Crawford Parks, Jocelyn Côté, Bernard J Jasmin
Myotonic dystrophy (DM1) is caused by an expansion of CUG repeats (CUG(exp)) in the DMPK mRNA 3'UTR. CUG(exp)-containing mRNAs become toxic to cells by misregulating RNA-binding proteins. Here we investigated the consequence of this RNA toxicity on the cellular stress response. We report that cell stress efficiently triggers formation of stress granules (SGs) in proliferating, quiescent, and differentiated muscle cells, as shown by the appearance of distinct cytoplasmic TIA-1- and DDX3-containing foci. We show that Staufen1 is also dynamically recruited into these granules...
June 1, 2016: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Emma Bondy-Chorney, Tara E Crawford Parks, Aymeric Ravel-Chapuis, Roscoe Klinck, Lynda Rocheleau, Martin Pelchat, Benoit Chabot, Bernard J Jasmin, Jocelyn Côté
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is a neuromuscular disorder caused by an expansion of CUG repeats in the 3' UTR of the DMPK gene. The CUG repeats form aggregates of mutant mRNA, which cause misregulation and/or sequestration of RNA-binding proteins, causing aberrant alternative splicing in cells. Previously, we showed that the multi-functional RNA-binding protein Staufen1 (Stau1) was increased in skeletal muscle of DM1 mouse models and patients. We also showed that Stau1 rescues the alternative splicing profile of pre-mRNAs, e...
January 2016: PLoS Genetics
Noga Gershoni-Emek, Arnon Mazza, Michael Chein, Tal Gradus-Pery, Xin Xiang, Ka Wan Li, Roded Sharan, Eran Perlson
Synapse disruption takes place in many neurodegenerative diseases, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). However, the mechanistic understanding of this process is still limited. We set out to study a possible role for dynein in synapse integrity. Cytoplasmic dynein is a multisubunit intracellular molecule responsible for diverse cellular functions, including long-distance transport of vesicles, organelles, and signaling factors toward the cell center. A less well-characterized role dynein may play is the spatial clustering and anchoring of various factors including mRNAs in distinct cellular domains such as the neuronal synapse...
February 2016: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
Sandra M Fernández Moya, Michael A Kiebler
hiCLIP (RNA hybrid and individual-nucleotide resolution ultraviolet cross-linking and immunoprecipitation), is a novel technique developed by Sugimoto et al. (2015). Here, the use of different adaptors permits a controlled ligation of the two strands of a RNA duplex allowing the identification of each arm in the duplex upon sequencing. The authors chose a notoriously difficult to study double-stranded RNA-binding protein (dsRBP) termed Staufen1, a mammalian homolog of Drosophila Staufen involved in mRNA localization and translational control...
October 2015: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
Xinlei Wang, Lela Vukovic, Hye Ran Koh, Klaus Schulten, Sua Myong
Double-stranded (ds) RNA is a key player in numerous biological activities in cells, including RNA interference, anti-viral immunity and mRNA transport. The class of proteins responsible for recognizing dsRNA is termed double-stranded RNA binding proteins (dsRBP). However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying the interaction between dsRBPs and dsRNA. Here we examined four human dsRBPs, ADAD2, TRBP, Staufen 1 and ADAR1 on six dsRNA substrates that vary in length and secondary structure. We combined single molecule pull-down (SiMPull), single molecule protein-induced fluorescence enhancement (smPIFE) and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to investigate the dsRNA-dsRBP interactions...
September 3, 2015: Nucleic Acids Research
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