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Borderline personality disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329058/association-of-comorbid-personality-disorders-with-clinical-characteristics-and-outcome-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-two-psychotherapies-for-early-onset-persistent-depressive-disorder
#1
Nele Erkens, Elisabeth Schramm, Levente Kriston, Martin Hautzinger, Martin Härter, Ulrich Schweiger, Jan Philipp Klein
BACKGROUND: Persistent depressive disorder (PDD) is associated with high rates of comorbid personality disorders (PD). The association of comorbid PD and clinical characteristics has not been systematically studied in PDD. Results regarding effects on treatment outcome are heterogeneous. METHODS: We analyzed the association of comorbid personality disorders with clinical characteristics and outcome in a randomized controlled trial comparing the disorder-specific Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy (CBASP) with nonspecific supportive psychotherapy (SP) in patients with early-onset PDD...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323528/current-directions-in-laboratory-studies-of-personality-pathology-examples-from-borderline-personality-disorder-psychopathy-and-schizotypy
#2
Alexis K Matusiewicz, Katherine L McCauley, Julie M McCarthy, Nadia Bounoua, C W Lejuez
Much of the earliest research on personality pathology was observational and descriptive in nature, drawing heavily on subjective self-reports, however, the last 20 years have seen a surge of interest in laboratory-based studies. Laboratory research offers a number of benefits for researchers interested in personality disorders and personality pathology including the opportunities to use objective performance-based and behavioral measures, reveal the neuropsychological and biobehavioral processes that may help shape the experience and behavior of individuals with personality disorders, and create experimental designs that allow researchers to systematically explore the effect of context on emotional, behavioral and cognitive responding...
January 2018: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323513/the-five-factor-borderline-inventory-behavioral-outcomes-across-time
#3
Ashley C Helle, Hilary L DeShong, Amanda N Baraldi, Stephanie N Mullins-Sweatt
The Five-Factor Borderline Inventory Short Form (FFBI-SF) is a 48-item dimensional measure of borderline personality disorder (BPD) that was developed from the Five-factor model (FFM). Previous research has examined the relationships of the FFBI-SF to the FFM and BPD. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relationship of FFBI-SF scales with behavioral outcomes, such as self-injury, physical fights, panic symptoms, promiscuous sex, theft, attempted suicide, reckless driving, and binge eating...
January 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310066/is-recurrence-in-major-depressive-disorder-related-to-bipolarity-and-mixed-features-results-from-the-bridge-ii-mix-study
#4
Lorenzo Mazzarini, Georgios D Kotzalidis, Daria Piacentino, Salvatore Rizzato, Jules Angst, Jean-Michel Azorin, Charles L Bowden, Sergey Mosolov, Allan H Young, Eduard Vieta, Paolo Girardi, Giulio Perugi
BACKGROUND: Current classifications separate Bipolar (BD) from Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) based on polarity rather than recurrence. We aimed to determine bipolar/mixed feature frequency in a large MDD multinational sample with (High-Rec) and without (Low-Rec) >3 recurrences, comparing the two subsamples. METHODS: We measured frequency of bipolarity/hypomanic features during current depressive episodes (MDEs) in 2347 MDD patients from the BRIDGE-II-mix database, comparing High-Rec with Low-Rec...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306947/childhood-maltreatment-in-women-with-borderline-personality-disorder-chronic-depression-and-episodic-depression-and-in-healthy-controls
#5
Eva-Lotta Brakemeier, Jana Dobias, Julia Hertel, Martin Bohus, Matthias F Limberger, Elisabeth Schramm, Martina Radtke, Patrick Frank, Frank Padberg, Lena Sabass, Andrea Jobst, Gitta A Jacob, Nele Struck, Johannes Zimmermann, Claus Normann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2018: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302857/combination-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-valproic-acid-in-treatment-of-borderline-personality-disorder-a-follow-up-study
#6
Paola Bozzatello, Paola Rocca, Silvio Bellino
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Some evidence of efficacy has been found for omega-3 fatty acids in patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). In a previous 12-week randomized trial we assessed the efficacy of the combination of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) with valproic acid, in comparison with valproic acid monotherapy, in 43 BPD outpatients. Combined therapy was superior to valproic acid monotherapy (the control group) in the treatment of some BPD symptoms: impulsive-behavioral dyscontrol, outbursts of anger, and self-harm...
January 5, 2018: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300704/cost-effectiveness-and-budget-impact-of-specialized-psychotherapy-for-borderline-personality-disorder-a-synthesis-of-the-evidence
#7
Pim Wetzelaer, Joran Lokkerbo, Arnoud Arntz, Thea van Aselt, Filip Smit, Silvia Evers
BACKGROUND: Specialized outpatient psychotherapy for patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) is expected to reduce their use of other health care resources. It is currently unknown to what extent the costs of providing these interventions can be expected to be offset by a reduction in other health care costs in the Netherlands. To establish the cost-effectiveness and budget impact of specialized outpatient psychotherapy, the estimated incremental costs are synthesized with the estimated incremental effects...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299208/the-relationship-between-personality-disorders-and-the-type-of-crime-committed-and-substance-used-among-prisoners
#8
Shahin Fakhrzadegan, Hossein Gholami-Doon, Bagher Shamloo, Solmaz Shokouhi-Moqhaddam
Background: Prisoners are a vulnerable group within societies, and also threaten society due to their dangerous behavior. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between prisoners' personality disorders and their crime and substance use. Methods: This was a descriptive-correlational study. The statistical population consisted of all prisoners of Kerman, Iran. Through stratified random sampling, 228 prisoners (114 women and 114 men) were selected as the study subjects...
April 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296086/brain-functional-integration-an-epidemiologic-study-on-stress-producing-dissociative-phenomena
#9
Raffaele Sperandeo, Vincenzo Monda, Giovanni Messina, Marco Carotenuto, Nelson Mauro Maldonato, Enrico Moretto, Elena Leone, Vincenzo De Luca, Marcellino Monda, Antonietta Messina
Dissociative phenomena are common among psychiatric patients; the presence of these symptoms can worsen the prognosis, increasing the severity of their clinical conditions and exposing them to increased risk of suicidal behavior. Personality disorders as long duration stressful experiences may support the development of dissociative phenomena. In 933 psychiatric outpatients consecutively recruited, presence of dissociative phenomena was identified with the Dissociative Experience Scale (DES). Dissociative phenomena were significantly more severe in the group of people with mental disorders and/or personality disorders...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294775/distress-tolerance-as-a-mediator-of-the-association-between-borderline-personality-symptoms-and-obsessive-relational-intrusion-an-exploratory-analysis
#10
Meghan E Reilly, Denise A Hines
Obsessive relational intrusion (ORI) is the process by which a pursuer makes multiple attempts at establishing an unwanted, intimate relationship with an individual. It encompasses the more widely known behavior, stalking, which is a widespread problem, particularly among college-aged young adults. However, research on the underlying psychological processes involved in ORI and stalking perpetration is still in its infancy. Using relational goal pursuit theory and the emotional cascade model as guides to explore these processes, we investigated whether distress tolerance mediated the association between borderline personality disorder (BPD) symptoms and ORI, among a college student sample...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294746/dating-violence-victimization-nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-the-moderating-effect-of-borderline-personality-disorder-features-in-adolescent-inpatients
#11
Claire Hatkevich, William Mellick, Tyson Reuter, Jeff R Temple, Carla Sharp
The aim of the study was to examine whether Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) features moderate the relation between dating violence victimization (DVV) experiences and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adolescent inpatients. A total of 184 adolescent inpatients completed measures on DVV, BPD features, and NSSI at admission to treatment. Bivariate analyses revealed significant relations between DVV, BPD features, and NSSI. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses demonstrated a moderating effect of BPD features such that in the low BPD features group, more severe DVV was associated with greater NSSI frequency; adolescents in the high BPD group endorsed elevated, though stable, levels of NSSI at all levels of DVV...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291458/manifestations-of-personality-impairment-severity-comorbidity-course-prognosis-psychosocial-dysfunction-and-borderline-personality-features
#12
REVIEW
Lee Anna Clark, Hallie Nuzum, Eunyoe Ro
Impairment in personality functioning (briefly, personality impairment) is the core pathology in personality disorder (PD) and an essential indicator of PD-severity. It also is a difficult construct to define and assess. We argue that personality-impairment severity is a latent construct that can be modeled with four indicators: within-PD comorbidity, problematic course/prognosis of both PD and comorbid clinical syndromes, PD-associated psychosocial dysfunction, and features of DSM-5-II borderline PD (BPD)...
December 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283477/opioid-addiction-and-borderline-personality-disorder
#13
Anahita Bassir Nia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282024/emotion-regulation-individual-therapy-for-adolescents-with-nonsuicidal-self-injury-disorder-a-feasibility-study
#14
Johan Bjureberg, Hanna Sahlin, Clara Hellner, Erik Hedman-Lagerlöf, Kim L Gratz, Jonas Bjärehed, Jussi Jokinen, Matthew T Tull, Brjánn Ljótsson
BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a serious health risk behavior that forms the basis of a tentative diagnosis in DSM-5, NSSI Disorder (NSSID). To date, established treatments specific to NSSI or NSSID are scarce. As a first step in evaluating the feasibility, acceptability, and utility of a novel treatment for adolescents with NSSID, we conducted an open trial of emotion regulation individual therapy for adolescents (ERITA): a 12-week, behavioral treatment aimed at directly targeting both NSSI and its proposed underlying mechanism of emotion regulation difficulties...
December 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277240/-a-mentalization-based-perspective-on-childhood-autism-treatment
#15
M Thevenet, C Dondé, R Machabert, L Ancona, C Jost, N Georgieff
Mentalization is a process by which a subject makes sense of both his own mental representations and of those around him. Disturbances in the mentalization process are found in several psychiatric disorders, notably borderline personality disorders for which mentalization-based treatments (MBT) have been developed and evaluated. Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) display a theory of mind impairments, which corresponds to disturbances in the mentalization process. Although no MBT protocol for patients with ASD has been described in the literature, such treatment appears promising to improve theory of mind and functional outcome of these children...
December 22, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276606/specificity-of-emotion-sequences-in-borderline-personality-disorder-compared-to-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-bulimia-nervosa-and-healthy-controls-an-e-diary-study
#16
Tobias D Kockler, Wolfgang Tschacher, Philip S Santangelo, Matthias F Limberger, Ulrich W Ebner-Priemer
Background: Patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) exhibit dysregulated emotion sequences in daily life compared to healthy controls (HC). Empirical evidence regarding the specificity of these findings is currently lacking. Methods: To replicate dysregulated emotion sequences in patients with BPD and to investigate the specificity of the sequences, we used e-diaries of 43 female patients with BPD, 28 patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), 20 patients with bulimia nervosa (BN), and 28 HC...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276043/associations-between-personality-disorder-characteristics-psychological-symptoms-and-sexual-functioning-in-young-women
#17
Andrea Grauvogl, Britt Pelzer, Veerle Radder, Jacques van Lankveld
BACKGROUND: Recently, the etiology of sexual dysfunctions in women has been approached from different angles. In clinical practice and in previous studies, it has been observed that women with sexual problems experience anxiety problems and express more rigid and perfectionistic personality traits than women without these problems. AIM: To investigate whether personality disorder characteristics according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) and psychological symptoms are associated with sexual problems in women...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275445/issues-on-the-diagnosis-and-etiopathogenesis-of-mood-disorders-reconsidering-dsm-5
#18
REVIEW
Kazuyoshi Ogasawara, Yukako Nakamura, Hiroyuki Kimura, Branko Aleksic, Norio Ozaki
The authors present a narrative review from the diagnostic and nosologic viewpoints of mood disorders (bipolar and depressive ones) by revisiting the revision from the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Text Revision to DSM-5, including the following: the separation of the bipolar and depressive sections; the addition of increased energy and continuation of symptoms to the hypo/manic criteria; the elimination of mixed episodes; the creation of new categories and specifiers ("other specified bipolar and related disorder", "disruptive mood dysregulation disorder", "with anxious distress", "with mixed features", "with peripartum onset"); the categorization of hypo/manic episodes during antidepressant treatment into bipolar disorder; the elimination of the "bereavement exclusion"; the ambiguous separation between bipolar I and II; the insufficient distinction between "other specified bipolar and related disorders" and major depressive disorder; the differentiation regarding borderline personality disorder; agitation; premenstrual dysphoric disorder; and society and psychiatry...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274998/dna-methylation-of-apba3-and-mcf2-in-borderline-personality-disorder-potential-biomarkers-for-response-to-psychotherapy
#19
Nora Knoblich, Friederike Gundel, Christof Brückmann, Julia Becker-Sadzio, Christian Frischholz, Vanessa Nieratschker
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe and complex mental disease associated with high suicidal tendencies and hospitalization rates. Accumulating evidence suggests that epigenetic mechanisms are implicated in the etiology of BPD. A recent epigenome-wide study identified several novel genes which are epigenetically dysregulated in BPD. Those genes include APBA3 and MCF2. Psychotherapy such as Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), an established treatment for BPD, provides an excellent setting to investigate environmental influences on epigenetic mechanisms in order to identify biomarkers for disease status and therapy success...
December 20, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274531/the-association-between-pain-and-suicidal-behavior-in-an-english-national-sample-the-role-of-psychopathology
#20
Louis Jacob, Josep Maria Haro, Ai Koyanagi
Pain has been linked with an increased risk of engaging in suicidal behavior. However, the role of common mental disorders (CMDs) and borderline personality disorder (BPD) traits in this association is largely unknown. This study was based on data from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey (N = 7403). Suicidal behavior referred to past 12-month suicidal ideation and suicide attempt. Pain was assessed in terms of the level of its interference with work activity in the past four weeks. BPD traits were assessed with the structured interview for DSM disorders questionnaire, and CMDs with the Clinical Interview Schedule Revised (CIS-R)...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
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