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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531825/oral-health-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-a-cohort-of-periodontitis-patients
#1
Anders Holmlund, Erik Lampa, Lars Lind
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine whether oral health is uniformly associated with three different cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), including myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, and heart failure (HF), which has not been studied previously. METHODS: A full mouth investigation was performed in 8999 individuals referred to a specialized periodontology clinic between 1979 and 2012. The number of deepened pockets (NDP), number of teeth (NT), and bleeding on probing (BOP) were investigated...
May 11, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530456/-the-probability-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-disorders-emergence-by-odds-ratio-of-main-risk-factors
#2
Krisztina Szabó, Ferenc Ihász
INTRODUCTION: The quality of sleep plays a serious role in the individual's daytime performace and state of health, there by it has a strong influence on the society. AIM: The present study measures the probability developing and severity of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, - which belongs to group of disorders of the respiratory - through odds ratio of leading risk factors. METHOD: 127 persons were examined in the test. The sleep structure test data were processed by polysomnographic screening device...
May 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530432/posttraumatic-stress-symptom-severity-and-health-service-utilization-in-trauma-exposed-parents
#3
Emma J Thompson, Vicki A Anderson, Stephen J C Hearps, Maria C McCarthy, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Jan M Nicholson, Meredith Rayner, Frank Muscara
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSSs) are common for parents of children with life-threatening illnesses or injuries. The impact of these psychological sequelae on parents' personal use of health services is unknown. The present study aimed to investigate whether PTSS severity prospectively predicts increased health service utilization (HSU), and to examine the relative importance of other predisposing and enabling factors in predicting HSU...
May 22, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530342/-behavioral-physiological-and-morphological-characteristics-associated-with-post-traumatic-response-to-continuous-exposure-versus-alternate-exposure-in-an-animal-model-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#4
Ishay Ostfeld, Zeev Kaplan, Hagit Cohen
AIMS: The aim of this study was to approximate these conditions in an animal model of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). More specifically, the neurobiological basis of these conditions, focusing on stress-related behavioral changes, HPA-axis and morphological were evaluated. The intention was to employ this well-validated, reproducible and reliable model for PTSD, to elicit data which will provide some guidance in the planning of a prospective study involving military personal. BACKGROUND: Combat personnel are exposed to significant stress and hardship, both physical and emotional, during their service and especially during active combat...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530317/-long-term-survival-of-dual-disorders-patients-after-mixed-care-in-dual-disorders-and-standard-wards-versus-care-only-in-dual-disorders-ward
#5
Yuri Gimelfarb, Aviva Wolf, Mashit Ben-Tzarfati
BACKGROUND: Dual disorders (co-occurring mental illness and substance abuse disorders in the same person) are extremely common among patients receiving mental health services. Integrated treatment has been proposed as the standard of care and it describes a flexible combination of treatments from the mental health and addiction fields that are blended together in the therapy. Scientific evidence for survival of dual disorders patients (DDPs), who had integrated dual disorders inpatient care, is lacking...
January 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530015/the-relationship-between-internalized-stigma-and-quality-of-life-among-people-with-mental-illness-are-self-esteem-and-sense-of-coherence-sequential-mediators
#6
Piotr Świtaj, Paweł Grygiel, Anna Chrostek, Izabela Nowak, Jacek Wciórka, Marta Anczewska
PURPOSE: To elucidate the mechanism through which internalized stigma reduces the quality of life (QoL) of people with mental illness by exploring the mediating roles of self-esteem and sense of coherence (SOC). METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of 229 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia or affective disorders was undertaken to test a sequential mediation model assuming that more severe internalized stigma is related to lower self-esteem, which is associated with weaker SOC, which in turn relates to worse QoL...
May 22, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529826/interpersonal-problems-and-negative-affect-in-borderline-personality-and-depressive-disorders-in-daily-life
#7
Johanna Hepp, Sean P Lane, Ryan W Carpenter, Inga Niedtfeld, Whitney C Brown, Timothy J Trull
Theories of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) suggest that interpersonal problems in BPD act as triggers for negative affect and, at the same time, are a possible result of affective dysregulation. Therefore, we assessed the relations between momentary negative affect (hostility, sadness, fear) and interpersonal problems (rejection, disagreement) in a sample of 80 BPD and 51 depressed outpatients at 6 time-points over 28 days. Data were analyzed using multivariate multi-level modeling to separate momentary-, day-, and person-level effects...
May 2017: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529220/clinical-correlates-of-treatment-response-among-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-a-tertiary-nigerian-hospital
#8
Mark Sunday Ezeme, Richard Uwakwe, Appolos Chidi Ndukuba, Monday N Igwe, Paul Chigozie Odinka, Kennedy Amadi, Nichodemus O Obayi
A significant proportion of patients treated for schizophrenia respond poorly to medication. Few studies have systematically examined the impact of clinical characteristics of patients to antipsychotic response in our environment. The study aimed to identify clinical variables associated with response in patients with schizophrenia. A total of 172 participants diagnosed with schizophrenia, placed on antipsychotics, who presented for the first time to the hospital or have stopped medication in the preceding six months, whose responses were assessed after four to six weeks were studied...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529068/adverse-outcome-pathways-application-to-enhance-mechanistic-understanding-of-neurotoxicity
#9
REVIEW
Anna Bal-Price, M E Meek
Recent developments have prompted the transition of empirically based testing of late stage toxicity in animals for a range of different endpoints including neurotoxicity to more efficient and predictive mechanistically based approaches with greater emphasis on measurable key events early in the progression of disease. The adverse outcome pathway (AOP) has been proposed as a simplified organizational construct to contribute to this transition by linking molecular initiating events and earlier (more predictive) key events at lower levels of biological organization to disease outcomes...
May 18, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528713/sociodemographics-and-the-impact-of-a-colostomy-to-indigent-families-and-children-with-colorectal-disorders-in-honduras
#10
W Krois, A J M Dingemans, P X Hernández, M L Metzelder, J Craniotis Rios, C A Reck-Burneo
INTRODUCTION: To describe the social impact of a colostomy on indigent families and affected children with anorectal malformations (ARM) or Hirschsprung's disease (HD) in San Pedro Sula, Honduras, we specifically targeted very low-income households that attended an international medical brigade for ARM and HD in 2016. METHODS: The impact of a colostomy on the families and children's daily life was analyzed by personal interviews with a questionnaire. RESULTS: Twenty families with children were included in the study...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528563/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-associated-with-increased-risk-of-bipolar-disorder
#11
Vincent Yi-Fong Su, Li-Yu Hu, Chiu-Mei Yeh, Huey-Ling Chiang, Cheng-Che Shen, Kun-Ta Chou, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Ti Lu, Cheng-Hwai Tzeng, Chia-Jen Liu
Epidemiological studies have identified a trend in the development of depressive and anxiety disorders following a diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the relationship between COPD and subsequent bipolar disorder remains unclear. From January 1, 2000, we identified adult patients with COPD from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. A nationwide population-based study was conducted; 46,778 COPD patients and 46,778 age-, sex-, and comorbidity-matched subjects between 2000 and 2011 were enrolled...
May 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528332/the-persistent-m%C3%A3-llerian-duct-syndrome-an-update-based-upon-a-personal-experience-of-157-cases
#12
Jean-Yves Picard, Richard L Cate, Chrystèle Racine, Nathalie Josso
Male sex differentiation is driven by 2 hormones, testosterone and anti-müllerian hormone (AMH), responsible for the regression of müllerian ducts in male fetuses. Mutations inactivating AMH or its receptor AMHRII lead to the persistent müllerian duct syndrome (PMDS) in otherwise normally virilized 46,XY males. Our objective was to review the clinical, anatomical, and molecular features of PMDS based upon a review of the literature and upon 157 personal cases. Three clinical presentations exist: bilateral cryptorchidism, unilateral cryptorchidism with contralateral hernia, and transverse testicular ectopia...
May 20, 2017: Sexual Development: Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolution, Endocrinology, Embryology, and Pathology of Sex Determination and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528281/risk-of-stroke-among-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#13
Mu-Hong Chen, Ju-Wei Hsu, Ya-Mei Bai, Tung-Ping Su, Cheng-Ta Li, Wei-Chen Lin, Shih-Jen Tsai, Wen-Han Chang, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Kai-Lin Huang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggested that patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) had a higher prevalence of stroke-related risk factors, such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes mellitus. But, the association between BPD and subsequent stroke has been rarely investigated. METHODS: Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 5969 borderline patients aged 18 years and older and 23,876 age-and sex-matched controls were enrolled between 2002 and 2009, and followed up to the end of 2011 to identify the development of stroke...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528231/neurocognitive-dysfunction-in-problem-gamblers-with-co-occurring-antisocial-personality-disorder
#14
Austin W Blum, Eric W Leppink, Jon E Grant
OBJECTIVES: Problem gamblers with symptoms of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) may represent a distinct problem gambling subtype, but the neurocognitive profile of individuals affected by both disorders is poorly characterized. METHOD: Non-treatment-seeking young adults (18-29years) who gambled ≥5 times in the preceding year were recruited from the general community. Problem gamblers (defined as those meeting ≥1 DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for gambling disorder) with a lifetime history of ASPD (N=26) were identified using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and compared with controls (N=266) using questionnaire-based impulsivity scales and objective computerized neuropsychological tasks...
May 12, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527855/initiation-of-extended-release-naltrexone-xr-ntx-for-opioid-use-disorder-prior-to-release-from-prison
#15
Peter D Friedmann, Donna Wilson, Randall Hoskinson, Michael Poshkus, Jennifer G Clarke
BACKGROUND: Opioid use disorder is common in prison populations, and prison release is a high-risk time for relapse and overdose. Initiation of extended release injectable naltrexone (XR-NTX)) prior to prison release might decrease relapse among opioid-dependent persons. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study examined the feasibility and acceptability of XR-NTX injection prior to prison release among adult inmates with opioid use disorder, followed by six months of community XR-NTX treatment...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527713/stability-or-instability-in-avoidant-personality-disorder-mode-fluctuations-within-schema-therapy-sessions
#16
Ofer Peled, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Eshkol Rafaeli
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Avoidant personality disorder (APD) is among the most prevalent personality disorders, but has received relatively little empirical attention. This study aims to characterize the frequency, intensity, and fluctuation patterns seen in the modes (self-states) of APD clients over the course of schema therapy (ST), a psychotherapy approach developed especially for personality disorders. METHOD: The newly-developed client mode rating scale (CMRS) was used to code every 5-min segment (n = 645) of 60 ST sessions...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527666/hepatic-steatosis-progresses-faster-in-hiv-mono-infected-than-hiv-hcv-co-infected-patients-and-is-associated-with-liver-fibrosis
#17
Thomas Pembroke, Marc Deschenes, Bertrand Lebouché, Amine Benmassaoud, Maida Sewitch, Peter Ghali, Philip Wong, Alex Halme, Elise Vuille-Lessard, Costa Pexos, Marina B Klein, Giada Sebastiani
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hepatic steatosis (HS) seems common in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, the relative effect of HIV, as well as hepatitis C virus (HCV) in those co-infected, and the influence of HS on liver fibrosis progression are unclear. METHODS: The LIVEr disease in HIV (LIVEHIV) is a Canadian prospective Cohort using transient elastography and associated controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) to screen for HS and liver fibrosis in unselected HIV-infected adults...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527642/depressive-symptoms-and-perceptions-of-ed-care-in-patients-evaluated-for-acute-coronary-syndrome
#18
Tara St Onge, Donald Edmondson, Emily Cea, Syed Husain, Bernard P Chang
INTRODUCTION: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) develops in 1 out of 8 survivors of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) events, and these persons have a doubling of risk for recurrent ACS and mortality. Overcrowding in the emergency department during ACS evaluation has been associated with increased risk for PTSD, and depressed patients have been found to be particularly vulnerable. Little is known about the mechanisms by which overcrowding increases PTSD risk in depressed patients. Our aim was to evaluate one possible mechanism, patient perception of crowding and care, in depressed and nondepressed ED patients evaluated for ACS...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527059/personality-disorders-in-cluster-headache-a-study-using-the-millon-clinical-multiaxial-inventory-iii
#19
Sylvie Hélène Marie Jeanne Piacentini, Lara Draghi, Alberto Proietti Cecchini, Massimo Leone
A great deal of studies suggests that cluster headache (CH) patients are usually comorbid to anxiety-mood spectrum disorders and psychopathological symptoms; however, the personality profiles reported in the literature strictly depend on type of assessment used. Psychiatric comorbidities have been extensively studied in migraine and they are recognized to represent a major risk factor associated with poorer outcome, playing a role in the headache chronification process at once as cause and consequence of it...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527040/fundamental-principles-of-an-anti-vegf-treatment-regimen-optimal-application-of-intravitreal-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-therapy-of-macular-diseases
#20
REVIEW
Paolo Lanzetta, Anat Loewenstein
BACKGROUND: Intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy is now considered the gold standard for the treatment of various retinal disorders. As therapy has evolved, so too have the treatment regimens employed by physicians in clinical practice; however, visual outcomes observed in the real world have typically not reflected those reported in clinical trials. Possible reasons for this include a lack of consensus on treatment regimens and a lack of clarity about what the aims of treatment should be...
May 19, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
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