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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335011/understanding-public-perception-of-the-need-for-major-change-in-latin-american-healthcare-systems
#1
Ricardo Pérez-Cuevas, Frederico C Guanais, Svetlana V Doubova, Leonardo Pinzón, Luis Tejerina, Diana Pinto Masis, Marcia Rocha, Donna O Harris, James Macinko
The opinions and experiences of the public regarding health services are valuable insights into identifying opportunities to improve healthcare systems. We analyzed the 2012-2013 Public Opinion Health Policy Survey carried out in Brazil (n = 1486), Colombia (n = 1485), El Salvador (n = 1460), Jamaica (n = 1480), México (n = 1492) and Panama (n = 1475). In these countries between 82 and 96% of participants perceived that their health systems needed fundamental changes. The most frequent barrier to access to healthcare was lack of the primary medical home, difficulties in obtaining medical care during the weekends and financial barriers...
March 17, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329741/drugs-violence-and-trauma-in-m%C3%A3-xico-and-united-states
#2
Juan Carlos Puyana, Juan Carlos Jacob Puyana, Andres Mariano Rubiano, Jorge Hernan Montenegro, Glyn O Estebanez, Alvaro Ignacio Sanchez, Felipe Vega-Rivera
The impact of illicit drug markets on the occurrence of violence varies tremendously depending on many factors. Over the last years, Mexico and United States (US) has increased security border issues that included many aspects of drug-related trade and criminal activities. Mexico experienced only a small reduction of trauma deaths after severe crime reinforcement policies. This strategy in the war on drugs is shifting the drug market to other Central American countries. This phenomenon is called the ballooning effect where by pressure to control illicit drug related activities in one particular area forces a shift to other more vulnerable areas that lead to increase crime and violence...
March 21, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329603/job-recruitment
#3
University Of California Davis School Of Medicine
The University of California Davis, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology is recruiting for a full-time position at the Associate or Full Professor level in the Clinical X Series or Health Sciences Clinical Professor (HSCP) Series. The successful candidate is nominated to be the holder of the Frederick G. Novy, Jr. M.D Endowed Professorship. Appointees to the ClinX series are expected to conduct independent research. Both series require significant participation in teaching and University/public service...
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324029/vital-directions-for-health-and-health-care-priorities-from-a-national-academy-of-medicine-initiative
#4
Victor J Dzau, Mark B McClellan, J Michael McGinnis, Sheila P Burke, Molly J Coye, Angela Diaz, Thomas A Daschle, William H Frist, Martha Gaines, Margaret A Hamburg, Jane E Henney, Shiriki Kumanyika, Michael O Leavitt, Ruth M Parker, Lewis G Sandy, Leonard D Schaeffer, Glenn D Steele, Pamela Thompson, Elias Zerhouni
Importance: Recent discussion has focused on questions related to the repeal and replacement of portions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). However, issues central to the future of health and health care in the United States transcend the ACA provisions receiving the greatest attention. Initiatives directed to certain strategic and infrastructure priorities are vital to achieve better health at lower cost. Objectives: To review the most salient health challenges and opportunities facing the United States, to identify practical and achievable priorities essential to health progress, and to present policy initiatives critical to the nation's health and fiscal integrity...
March 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301037/primary-care-for-diabetes-mellitus-patients-from-the-perspective-of-the-care-model-for-chronic-conditions
#5
Maria Aparecida Salci, Betina Hörner Schlindwein Meirelles, Denise Maria Guerreiro Vieira da Silva
Objective: to assess the health care Primary Health Care professionals provide to diabetes mellitus patients from the perspective of the Modelo de Atenção às Condições Crônicas. Method: qualitative study, using the theoretical framework of Complex Thinking and the Modelo de Atenção às Condições Crônicas and the methodological framework of assessment research. To collect the data, 38 interviews were held with health professionals and managers; observation of the activities by the health teams; and analysis of 25 files of people who received this care...
March 9, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293422/regional-disparities-in-immunization-services-in-ghana-through-a-bottleneck-analysis-approach-implications-for-sustaining-national-gains-in-immunization
#6
A E Yawson, G Bonsu, L K Senaya, A O Yawson, J B Eleeza, J K Awoonor-Williams, H K Banskota, E E A Agongo
BACKGROUND: Immunization is considered one of the most cost effective public health interventions for reducing child morbidity, mortality and disability. The aim of this work is to describe the application of the Bottleneck analysis (BNA) process to assess gaps in immunization services in Ghana and implications for sustaining the gains in Immunization coverage. METHODS: A national assessment was conducted in May 2015, through use of desk reviews, field visits and key informant interviews...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285330/hepatitis-b-vaccination-status-in-an-at-risk-adult-population-long-term-immunity-but-insufficient-coverage
#7
S Hustache, L Moyroud, L Goirand, O Epaulard
In France, hepatitis B (HB) vaccine has been offered to all infants since 1994, and was proposed to all children aged 11 years from 1994 to 1998. Nevertheless, HB vaccine hesitancy may result in low vaccination coverage in present-day at-risk adults. We aimed to determine HB vaccination coverage in adults attending a free testing center for sexually transmitted infections (STI). As part of routine care, three classes of data were anonymously collected from attendees over a 3-month period: results of HB serologic tests; date and number of past anti-hepatitis B virus (HBV) immunization(s) (if any) according to health records; and the risk of STI and blood-transmitted infections (BTI)...
March 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283121/health-care-expenditures-associated-with-pollution-exploratory-methods-and-findings
#8
Alexander S Preker, Olusoji O Adeyi, Marisa Gil Lapetra, Diane-Charlotte Simon, Eric Keuffel
BACKGROUND: The research done for this paper is part of the background analysis undertaken to support the work of the Global Commission on Pollution, Health and Development, an initiative of The Lancet, the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution, and the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. The paper expands on areas where the current literature has gaps in knowledge related to the health care cost of pollution. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to generate an initial estimate of total tangible health care expenditure attributable to man-made pollution affecting air, soil and water...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146177/advanced-practice-nursing-a-strategy-for-achieving-universal-health-coverage-and-universal-access-to-health
#9
Denise Bryant-Lukosius, Ruta Valaitis, Ruth Martin-Misener, Faith Donald, Laura Morán Peña, Linda Brousseau
Objective: to examine advanced practice nursing (APN) roles internationally to inform role development in Latin America and the Caribbean to support universal health coverage and universal access to health. Method: we examined literature related to APN roles, their global deployment, and APN effectiveness in relation to universal health coverage and access to health. Results: given evidence of their effectiveness in many countries, APN roles are ideally suited as part of a primary health care workforce strategy in Latin America to enhance universal health coverage and access to health...
January 30, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146176/exploration-of-priority-actions-for-strengthening-the-role-of-nurses-in-achieving-universal-health-coverage
#10
Rowaida Al Maaitah, Raeda Fawzi AbuAlRub
Objective: to explore priority actions for strengthening the role of Advanced Practice Nurses (APNs) towards the achievement of Universal Health Converge (UHC) as perceived by health key informants in Jordan. Methods: an exploratory qualitative design, using a semi-structured survey, was utilized. A purposive sample of seventeen key informants from various nursing and health care sectors was recruited for the purpose of the study. Content analysis utilizing the five-stage framework approach was used for data analysis...
January 30, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144791/presidential-elections-and-hiv-related-national-policies-and-programs
#11
EDITORIAL
David R Holtgrave, Robert A Bonacci, Ronald O Valdiserri
The November 2016 general election and subsequent voting of the Electoral College resulted in the selection of Donald Trump as President of the United States. The incoming Administration ran a campaign that indicated a desire for substantial change in health policy, including the repeal of the Affordable Care Act (ACA). President Trump has said very little directly about HIV programs and policies, but some campaign positions (such as the repeal of the ACA) would clearly and substantially impact the lives of persons living with HIV...
January 31, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112744/latin-america-the-next-region-for-haematopoietic-transplant-progress
#12
G Jaimovich, J Martinez Rolon, H Baldomero, M Rivas, I Hanesman, L Bouzas, C Bonfim, J Palma, A Kardus-Urueta, D Ubidia, W Bujan-Boza, O Gonzalez-Ramella, G Ruiz-Argüelles, D Gomez-Almaguer, G Espino, E Fanilla, D Gonzalez, A Carrasco, S Galeano, G Borelli, M Hernandez-Gimenez, M Pasquini, Y Kodera, A Gratwohl, M Gratwohl, J Nuñez, J Szer, R P Gale, D Niederwieser, A Seber
Haematopoietic cell transplant activity in the 28 countries comprising Latin America is poorly defined. We conducted a voluntary survey of members of the Latin American Bone Marrow Transplantation Group regarding transplant activity 2009-2012. Collated responses were compared with data of transplant rates from the Worldwide Network for Blood and Marrow Transplantation for other geographic regions. Several socio-economic variables were analysed to determine correlations with transplant rates. In total, 94 teams from 12 countries reported 11 519 transplants including 7033 autotransplants and 4486 allotransplants...
January 23, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105690/equip-training-the-trainers-an-evaluation-of-a-training-programme-for-service-users-and-carers-involved-in-training-mental-health-professionals-in-user-involved-care-planning
#13
C Fraser, A Grundy, O Meade, P Callaghan, K Lovell
WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: UK NHS policy highlights the importance of user and carer involvement in health professional training. We know little about service user and carer motivations and experiences of accessing training courses for delivering training to health professionals and how well such courses prepare them for delivering training to healthcare professionals. 'Involvement' in training has often been tokenistic and too narrowly focused on preregistration courses. There is limited data on how best to prepare and support potential service user and carer trainers...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025920/impact-of-overactive-bladder-step-therapy-policies-on-medication-utilization-and-expenditures-among-treated-medicare-members
#14
Ibrahim M Abbass, Eleanor O Caplan, Daniel B Ng, Rita Kristy, Carol R Schermer, Pamela Bradt, Jenna M Collins, Wai Man Maria Chan, Brandon T Suehs
BACKGROUND: The impact of formulary management strategies on utilization and expenditures in overactive bladder (OAB) treatment has not been extensively investigated. In 2013, step therapy (ST) policies for 2 branded OAB treatments, mirabegron and fesoterodine, were removed from Humana Medicare Advantage Prescription Drug (MAPD) plans and Medicare prescription drug plans (PDP), allowing for an examination of the effect of ST policies on OAB medication use patterns and costs. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of removal of formulary restriction policies for mirabegron and fesoterodine on medication utilization patterns and costs associated with OAB treatment in Medicare patients...
January 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992025/construction-and-validation-of-a-tool-to-assess-the-use-of-light-technologies-at-intensive-care-units
#15
Pabliane Matias Lordelo Marinho, Maria Pontes de Aguiar Campos, Eliana Ofélia Llapa Rodrigues, Cristiane Franca Lisboa Gois, Ikaro Daniel de Carvalho Barreto
Objective: to construct and validate a tool to assess the use of light technologies by the nursing team at Intensive Care Units. Method: methodological study in which the tool was elaborated by means of the psychometric method for construction based on the categorization of health technologies by Merhy and Franco, from the National Humanization Policy, using the Nursing Intervention Classification taxonomy to categorize the domains of the tool. Agreement Percentages and Content Validity Indices were used for the purpose of validation...
December 19, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982401/comprehensiveness-and-humanization-of-nursing-care-management-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#16
Adriane Calvetti de Medeiros, Hedi Crecencia Heckler de Siqueira, Claudia Zamberlan, Diana Cecagno, Simone Dos Santos Nunes, Mara Regina Bergmann Thurow
OBJECTIVE: Identifying the elements that promote comprehensiveness and humanization of nursing care management in the Intensive Care Unit, with an ecosystemic approach. METHOD: A documentary qualitative study. The method of documentary analysis was used for data analysis. RESULTS: Four pre-established categories were identified - Technical; Organizational; Technological; and Humanizing Dimensions. Data resulted in forming two sub-categories that integrate the humanizing dimension category, namely 'Comprehensiveness in healthcare actions' and 'Integrating processes and promoters of humanization,' bringing forth implications and challenges in forms of managing health work processes, enabling organizational, structural and managerial changes to the provided healthcare...
September 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982379/pnaum-integrated-approach-to-pharmaceutical-services-science-technology-and-innovation
#17
Carlos Augusto Grabois Gadelha, Karen Sarmento Costa, José Miguel do Nascimento, Orlando Mário Soeiro, Sotero Serrate Mengue, Márcia Luz da Motta, Antônio Carlos Campos de Carvalho
This paper describes the development process of the Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines) based on an integrated approach to pharmaceutical services, science, technology and innovation. It starts by contextualizing health and development in Brazil and features elements of the National Policy for Science, Technology and Innovation in Health in Brazil and the National Policy for Pharmaceutical Services...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982378/factors-associated-with-low-adherence-to-medicine-treatment-for-chronic-diseases-in-brazil
#18
Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Sotero Serrate Mengue, Paulo Sergio Dourado Arrais, Vera Lucia Luiza, Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Mareni Rocha Farias, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol
OBJECTIVE: To analyze factors associated with low adherence to drug treatment for chronic diseases in Brazil. METHODS: Analysis of data from Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos (PNAUM - Brazilian Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines), a population-based cross-sectional household survey, based on a probabilistic sample of the Brazilian population. We analyzed the association between low adherence to drug treatment measured by the Brief Medication Questionnaire and demographic, socioeconomic, health, care and prescription factors...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958238/telemedicine-and-biomedical-care-in-africa-prospects-and-challenges
#19
REVIEW
I J Okoroafor, F N Chukwuneke, N Ifebunandu, T C Onyeka, C O Ekwueme, K K Agwuna
The use of information and communication technology for health care delivery, particularly in poor settings where access to medical services is inadequate, holds promise in expanding health care access. In rural or impoverished environment, where disease is prevalent, doctors are scarce, and health care infrastructure is inadequate, telemedicine holds a good prospect in improving the health conditions of the people. However, telemedical practice in Africa cannot be without challenges because some aspects are often difficult to implement in underdeveloped settings where ignorance and poverty are rife...
January 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932020/night-eating-syndrome-and-the-severity-of-self-reported-depressive-symptoms-from-the-korea-nurses-health-study-analysis-of-propensity-score-matching-and-ordinal-regression
#20
O-S Kim, M S Kim, J E Lee, H Jung
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of night-eating syndrome (NES) and depression is increasing worldwide. Although nurses, in particular, are exposed to work in an environment of irregular eating, shift work, and stressful settings, limited research exist. In fact, the prevalence of NES among Korean nurses has never been reported. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of NES as well as the association between NES and severity of self-reported depressive symptoms among South Korean female nurses...
December 2016: Public Health
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