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kidney disease quality primary care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430830/assessment-of-global-kidney-health-care-status
#1
Aminu K Bello, Adeera Levin, Marcello Tonelli, Ikechi G Okpechi, John Feehally, David Harris, Kailash Jindal, Babatunde L Salako, Ahmed Rateb, Mohamed A Osman, Bilal Qarni, Syed Saad, Meaghan Lunney, Natasha Wiebe, Feng Ye, David W Johnson
Importance: Kidney disease is a substantial worldwide clinical and public health problem, but information about available care is limited. Objective: To collect information on the current state of readiness, capacity, and competence for the delivery of kidney care across countries and regions of the world. Design, Setting, and Participants: Questionnaire survey administered from May to September 2016 by the International Society of Nephrology (ISN) to 130 ISN-affiliated countries with sampling of key stakeholders (national nephrology society leadership, policy makers, and patient organization representatives) identified by the country and regional nephrology leadership through the ISN...
April 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401122/quality-indicators-for-the-detection-and-management-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-primary-care-in-canada-derived-from-a-modified-delphi-panel-approach
#2
Karen Tu, Lindsay Bevan, Katie Hunter, Jess Rogers, Jacqueline Young, Gihad Nesrallah
BACKGROUND: The detection and management of chronic kidney disease lies within primary care; however, performance measures applicable in the Canadian context are lacking. We sought to develop a set of primary care quality indicators for chronic kidney disease in the Canadian setting and to assess the current state of the disease's detection and management in primary care. METHODS: We used a modified Delphi panel approach, involving 20 panel members from across Canada (10 family physicians, 7 nephrologists, 1 patient, 1 primary care nurse and 1 pharmacist)...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399810/a-programme-to-spread-egfr-graph-surveillance-for-the-early-identification-support-and-treatment-of-people-with-progressive-chronic-kidney-disease-assist-ckd-protocol-for-the-stepped-wedge-implementation-and-evaluation-of-an-intervention-to-reduce-late-presentation
#3
Hugh Gallagher, Shona Methven, Anna Casula, Nicola Thomas, Charles R V Tomson, Fergus J Caskey, Tracey Rose, Stephen J Walters, David Kennedy, Anne Dawnay, Martin Cassidy, Richard Fluck, Hugh C Rayner, Michael Nation
BACKGROUND: Patients who start renal replacement therapy (RRT) for End-Stage Kidney Disease (ESKD) without having had timely access to specialist renal services have poor outcomes. At one NHS Trust in England, a community-wide CKD management system has led to a decline in the incident rate of RRT and the lowest percentage of patients presenting within 90 days of starting RRT in the UK. We describe the protocol for a quality improvement project to scale up and evaluate this innovation...
April 11, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381249/cardiovascular-care-guideline-implementation-in-community-health-centers-in-oregon-a-mixed-methods-analysis-of-real-world-barriers-and-challenges
#4
Rachel Gold, Arwen Bunce, Stuart Cowburn, James V Davis, Celine Hollombe, Christine A Nelson, Jon Puro, John Muench, Christian Hill, Victoria Jaworski, MaryBeth Mercer, Colleen Howard, Nancy Perrin, Jennifer DeVoe
BACKGROUND: Spreading effective, guideline-based cardioprotective care quality improvement strategies between healthcare settings could yield great benefits, particularly in under-resourced contexts. Understanding the diverse factors facilitating or impeding such guideline implementation could improve cardiovascular care quality and outcomes for vulnerable patients. METHODS: We sought to identify multi-level factors affecting uptake of cardioprotective care guidelines in community health centers (CHCs), within a successful trial of cross-setting implementation of an effective intervention...
April 5, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362060/maintenance-immunosuppression-for-adults-undergoing-liver-transplantation-a-network-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Manuel Rodríguez-Perálvarez, Marta Guerrero-Misas, Douglas Thorburn, Brian R Davidson, Emmanuel Tsochatzis, Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy
BACKGROUND: As part of liver transplantation, immunosuppression (suppressing the host immunity) is given to prevent graft rejections resulting from the immune response of the body against transplanted organ or tissues from a different person whose tissue antigens are not compatible with those of the recipient. The optimal maintenance immunosuppressive regimen after liver transplantation remains uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the comparative benefits and harms of different maintenance immunosuppressive regimens in adults undergoing liver transplantation through a network meta-analysis and to generate rankings of the different immunosuppressive regimens according to their safety and efficacy...
March 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329340/baseline-characteristics-of-participants-in-the-aspree-aspirin-in-reducing-events-in-the-elderly-study
#6
John J McNeil, Robyn L Woods, Mark R Nelson, Anne M Murray, Christopher M Reid, Brenda Kirpach, Elsdon Storey, Raj C Shah, Rory S Wolfe, Andrew M Tonkin, Anne B Newman, Jeff D Williamson, Jessica E Lockery, Karen L Margolis, Michael E Ernst, Walter P Abhayaratna, Nigel Stocks, Sharyn M Fitzgerald, Ruth E Trevaks, Suzanne G Orchard, Lawrence J Beilin, Geoffrey A Donnan, Peter Gibbs, Colin I Johnston, Richard H Grimm
Background: There are no primary prevention trials of aspirin with relevant geriatric outcomes in elderly people. ASPirin in Reducing Events in the Elderly (ASPREE) is a placebo-controlled trial of low-dose aspirin that will determine whether 5 years of daily 100-mg enteric-coated aspirin extends disability-free and dementia-free life in a healthy elderly population and whether these benefits outweigh the risks. Methods: Set in primary care, this randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial has a composite primary endpoint of death, incident dementia or persistent physical disability...
January 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259573/functional-status-predicts-major-complications-and-death-after-endovascular-repair-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#7
Donald G Harris, Ilynn Bulatao, Connor P Oates, Richa Kalsi, Charles B Drucker, Nandakumar Menon, Tanya R Flohr, Robert S Crawford
OBJECTIVE: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is considered a lower risk option for treating abdominal aortic aneurysms and is of particular utility in patients with poor functional status who may be poor candidates for open repair. However, the specific contribution of preoperative functional status to EVAR outcomes remains poorly defined. We hypothesized that impaired functional status, based simply on the ability of patients to perform activities of daily living, is associated with worse outcomes after EVAR...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230899/shared-care-across-the-interface-between-primary-and-specialty-care-in-management-of-long-term-conditions
#8
REVIEW
Susan M Smith, Gráinne Cousins, Barbara Clyne, Shane Allwright, Tom O'Dowd
BACKGROUND: Shared care has been used in the management of many chronic conditions with the assumption that it delivers better care than primary or specialty care alone; however, little is known about the effectiveness of shared care. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of shared care health service interventions designed to improve the management of chronic disease across the primary/specialty care interface. This is an update of a previously published review...
February 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217935/effects-of-individualized-exercise-program-on-physical-function-psychological-dimensions-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-china
#9
Qing Tang, Bin Yang, Fengyan Fan, Ping Li, Lei Yang, Yujie Guo
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a 12-week home-based exercise program on physical function, psychological dimensions, and health-related quality of life for patients with chronic kidney disease. Ninety eligible patients were enrolled and randomly separated into the exercise group and the control group from November 2015 to May 2016. The exercise group received an individualized exercise program while the control group received only usual care and continued primary lifestyle. Physical function was measured using 6-minute walk test and 10 repetitions of the sit-to-stand test while psychological dimensions were assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale and the Self-Efficacy for Exercise scale...
February 19, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174659/making-an-impakt-improving-care-of-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-in-the-community-through-collaborative-working-and-utilizing-information-technology
#10
Gang Xu, Rupert Major, David Shepherd, Nigel Brunskill
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a serious long-term condition, which if left untreated causes significant cardiovascular sequele. It is well recognized management of modifiable risk factors, such as blood pressure (BP), can lead to improved long-term outcomes. A novel information technology (IT) solution presents a possible solution to help clinicians in the community identify and manage at risk patients more efficiently. The IMproving Patient care and Awareness of Kidney disease progression Together (IMPAKT) IT tool was used to identify patients with CKD and uncontrolled hypertension in the community...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096482/chronic-disease-management-interventions-for-people-with-chronic-kidney-disease-in-primary-care-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Lauren Galbraith, Casey Jacobs, Brenda R Hemmelgarn, Maoliosa Donald, Braden Manns, Min Jun
BACKGROUND: Primary care providers manage the majority of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), although the most effective chronic disease management (CDM) strategies for these patients are unknown. We assessed the efficacy of CDM interventions used by primary care providers managing patients with CKD. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE and CENTRAL were systematically searched (inception to November 2014) for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing education-based and computer-assisted CDM interventions targeting primary care providers managing patients with CKD in the community...
January 16, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065734/laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity-amos-a-prospective-5-year-swedish-nationwide-study
#12
Torsten Olbers, Andrew J Beamish, Eva Gronowitz, Carl-Erik Flodmark, Jovanna Dahlgren, Gustaf Bruze, Kerstin Ekbom, Peter Friberg, Gunnar Göthberg, Kajsa Järvholm, Jan Karlsson, Staffan Mårild, Martin Neovius, Markku Peltonen, Claude Marcus
BACKGROUND: Severe obesity in adolescence is associated with reduced life expectancy and impaired quality of life. Long-term benefits of conservative treatments in adolescents are known to be modest, whereas short-term outcomes of adolescent bariatric surgery are promising. We aimed to compare 5-year outcomes of adolescent surgical patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with those of conservatively treated adolescents and of adults undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, in the Adolescent Morbid Obesity Surgery (AMOS) study...
March 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993433/sodium-restriction-in-patients-with-ckd-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-self-management-support
#13
Yvette Meuleman, Tiny Hoekstra, Friedo W Dekker, Gerjan Navis, Liffert Vogt, Paul J M van der Boog, Willem Jan W Bos, Gert A van Montfrans, Sandra van Dijk
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effectiveness and sustainability of self-managed sodium restriction in patients with chronic kidney disease. STUDY DESIGN: Open randomized controlled trial. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Patients with moderately decreased kidney function from 4 hospitals in the Netherlands. INTERVENTION: Regular care was compared with regular care plus an intervention comprising education, motivational interviewing, coaching, and self-monitoring of blood pressure (BP) and sodium...
December 16, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799615/effect-of-telemedicine-on-glycated-hemoglobin-in-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#14
REVIEW
Labib Imran Faruque, Natasha Wiebe, Arash Ehteshami-Afshar, Yuanchen Liu, Neda Dianati-Maleki, Brenda R Hemmelgarn, Braden J Manns, Marcello Tonelli
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine, the use of telecommunications to deliver health services, expertise and information, is a promising but unproven tool for improving the quality of diabetes care. We summarized the effectiveness of different methods of telemedicine for the management of diabetes compared with usual care. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases (to November 2015) and reference lists of existing systematic reviews for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing telemedicine with usual care for adults with diabetes...
March 6, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707824/experiences-of-long-term-life-limiting-conditions-among-patients-and-carers-what-can-we-learn-from-a-meta-review-of-systematic-reviews-of-qualitative-studies-of-chronic-heart-failure-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-chronic-kidney-disease
#15
Carl R May, Amanda Cummings, Michelle Myall, Jonathan Harvey, Catherine Pope, Peter Griffiths, Paul Roderick, Mick Arber, Kasey Boehmer, Frances S Mair, Alison Richardson
OBJECTIVES: To summarise and synthesise published qualitative studies to characterise factors that shape patient and caregiver experiences of chronic heart failure (CHF), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN: Meta-review of qualitative systematic reviews and metasyntheses. Papers analysed using content analysis. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsychINFO, Scopus and Web of Science were searched from January 2000 to April 2015...
October 5, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613787/local-learning-collaboratives-to-improve-quality-for-chronic-kidney-disease-ckd-from-four-regional-practice-based-research-networks-pbrns
#16
Paula Darby Lipman, Cheryl B Aspy
BACKGROUND: Four practice-based research networks (PBRNs) participated in a project to increase the diffusion of evidence-based treatment guidelines for chronic kidney disease (CKD). A multicomponent organizational intervention engaged regionally proximal primary care practices in a series of facilitated meetings, referred to as local learning collaboratives (LLCs). METHODS: The 2-wave strategy began with 8 practices in each PBRN receiving practice facilitation and subsequently joining an LLC...
September 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612446/design-and-protocol-for-the-dialysis-optimal-health-program-dohp-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Simon R Knowles, Chantal F Ski, Robyn Langham, Emmet O'Flaherty, David R Thompson, Susan L Rossell, Gaye Moore, Ya-Seng Arthur Hsueh, David J Castle
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) are serious and growing health problems with enormous impact on psychological and social functioning. Despite high rates of comorbid depression and anxiety in these patient populations, and the adverse impact these have upon treatment adherence, quality of life, social connectedness and healthcare costs there has been little attention focused on the prevention or management of these problems. Thus, our aim was to evaluate the Dialysis Optimal Health Program (DOHP) that adopts a person-centred approach and engages collaborative therapy to educate and support those diagnosed with ESKD who are commencing dialysis...
2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583404/a-randomised-trial-of-the-effect-and-cost-effectiveness-of-early-intensive-multifactorial-therapy-on-5-year-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-individuals-with-screen-detected-type-2-diabetes-the-anglo-danish-dutch-study-of-intensive-treatment-in-people-with-screen
#18
Rebecca K Simmons, Knut Borch-Johnsen, Torsten Lauritzen, Guy Ehm Rutten, Annelli Sandbæk, Maureen van den Donk, James A Black, Libo Tao, Edward Cf Wilson, Melanie J Davies, Kamlesh Khunti, Stephen J Sharp, Nicholas J Wareham, Simon J Griffin
BACKGROUND: Intensive treatment (IT) of cardiovascular risk factors can halve mortality among people with established type 2 diabetes but the effects of treatment earlier in the disease trajectory are uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the cost-effectiveness of intensive multifactorial treatment of screen-detected diabetes. DESIGN: Pragmatic, multicentre, cluster-randomised, parallel-group trial. SETTING: Three hundred and forty-three general practices in Denmark, the Netherlands, and Cambridge and Leicester, UK...
August 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549431/a-nurse-coordinated-model-of-care-versus-usual-care-for-chronic-kidney-disease-meta-analysis
#19
Haidan Xu, Lisha Mou, Zhiming Cai
AIM: To investigate whether a nurse-led care was more beneficial for implementing chronic kidney disease guidelines and improved multiple risk factors compared with the usual care. BACKGROUND: Several independent clinical trials have been carried out to demonstrate the efficiency of a nurse-led care to improve the outcomes for patients with chronic kidney disease and address the risk factors for renal function decline. However, their results and conclusions were inconsistent...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532796/multidisciplinary-management-of-diabetic-kidney-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Nancy Helou, Andrew Dwyer, Maya Shaha, Anne Zanchi
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of diabetes poses significant challenges to healthcare systems around the world. Diabetes is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease. Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is becoming a global health concern because it is a progressive disease associated with major health complications and increased health costs. The treatment goals for DKD are to slow the progression of the renal disease and prevent cardiovascular events. Accordingly, patients are expected to adhere to prescribed treatments and manage a wide range of daily self-care activities...
July 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
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