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A S Laganà, L Costabile, P Filati, M Noventa, A Vitagliano, R D'Anna
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at evaluating the effects obtained by administering 30 mg of micronised dispersible ferric pyrophosphate plus 300 mg of alpha-lactalbumin (MDFP-AL) compared to 80 mg of ferrous gluconate (FG) in pregnant women affected by iron-deficiency anemia (IDA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We considered eligible all second-trimester singleton pregnancies in women affected by IDA. We excluded any other disease, twin pregnancies, any other pharmacologic/nutraceutical treatments (besides folic acid) before/during pregnancy...
June 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Cynthia Chen, Neil Kaushal, David M Scher, Shevaun M Doyle, John S Blanco, Emily R Dodwell
BACKGROUND: Clubfoot is a common congenital anomaly with multiple potential risk factors. Identification of modifiable risk factors may minimize future incidence of clubfoot. The aim of this meta-analysis was to systematically review and analyze the best clinical evidence regarding risk factors associated with clubfoot. METHODS: Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases were systematically searched from 1967 to May 11, 2016 for studies reporting risk factors for clubfoot...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Paolo Berretta, Adele Minutillo, Simona Pichini, Valeria Traverso, Giacomo Toth, Giulia Scaravelli, Roberto De Luca, Roberta Da Rin Della Mora
INTRODUCTION: Ethanol is the most widely used drug worldwide. Its consumption has been increasing, and it is reported even during childbearing. Prenatal exposure to ethanol can lead to irreversible damages of the fetus. Knowledge about this risk could prevent these damages. There is no information about knowledge of the Italian students on this issue. METHODS: Therefore the aim of this study was to describe the awareness of the Italian students attending the last year of secondary school about risk of gestational alcohol drinking for the delivering mother and the fetus...
April 2018: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Amanda Ali, Susan Addley, Stephen Ong
INTRODUCTION: We compared renal perfusion in normal pregnant women and women with pre-eclampsia using three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound. We measured the flow index (FI), vascular index (VI) and vascularisation flow index (VFI) which are believed to reflect vascularity and flow intensity. METHODS: Fourteen patients with normal pregnancy and 16 patients with pre-eclampsia were recruited. Imaging was conducted using a Voluson E8 machine and a 6-MHz trans-abdominal probe...
June 18, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Sanaa A Yassin, Amirah J Al-Dawood, Waseem M Al-Zamil, Mohammad A Al-Ghamdi, Zainab N Al-Khudairy
PURPOSE: To compare visual dysfunction between very preterm-born (VPB) children with no retinopathy of prematurity (no-ROP) at 6-10 years of age and age- and sex-matched full-term-born controls. METHODS: This is an observational, prospective study that included 30 children, 6-10 years of age, born ≤ 32 weeks of gestation, with no-ROP, and 30 age- and sex-matched full-term-born controls, conducted from January 2015 until August 2015. All children underwent complete ophthalmic evaluation...
June 18, 2018: International Ophthalmology
Suelen Dallanora, Yasmin Medeiros de Souza, Rúbia Garcia Deon, Clare A Tracey, Ana Amélia Freitas-Vilela, Luiz Fernando Wurdig Roesch, Roberta Hack Mendes
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as any degree of glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy. The aim of this work was to systematically review all studies in which probiotic supplements were used during pregnancy and analyse the effects on GDM. METHODS: The data were collected using the medical subheading (MeSH) terms: ("diabetes, gestational"[MeSH Terms] OR ("diabetes"[All Fields] AND "gestational"[All Fields]) OR "gestational diabetes"[All Fields] OR ("gestational"[All Fields] AND "diabetes"[All Fields])) AND ("probiotics"[MeSH Terms] OR "probiotics"[All Fields])...
June 18, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Paweena Amornpetchakul, Tripop Lertbunnaphong, Dittakarn Boriboonhiransarn, Jarunee Leetheeragul, Ratree Sirisomboon, Ratchada Jiraprasertwong
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of intravenous carbetocin to that of intravenous oxytocin for prevention of atonic postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) after vaginal delivery in high-risk singleton pregnancies. METHODS: This triple-blind randomized controlled trial included singleton pregnant women who delivered at Siriraj Hospital between August 2016 and January 2017 and who were 20 years or older, had a gestational age of at least 34 weeks, had a vaginal delivery, and had at least one risk factor for atonic postpartum hemorrhage...
June 18, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Georgios A Maragkos, Luis C Ascanio, Kohei Chida, Myles D Boone, Christopher S Ogilvy, Ajith J Thomas, Ekkehard M Kasper
BACKGROUND: Moyamoya disease (MMD) management during pregnancy poses a challenge to health care providers, and recommendations are outdated, vague, and controversial. We conducted a systematic review to investigate and present the available evidence. METHOD: We searched five online databases and bibliographies of relevant published original studies to identify case reports, case series, cohort studies, and reviews reporting on patients diagnosed with MMD before, during, or shortly after pregnancy...
June 19, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
Abdulrahman M Al-Nemri, Fahd Alsohime, Asfaq H Shaik, Ghasan A El-Hissi, Mohammed I Al-Agha, Nada F Al-Abdulkarim, Sarar Mohamed
OBJECTIVES: To determine the perinatal and neonatal morbidity related to diabetes associated with pregnancy. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study conducted at a tertiary university hospital in Central Saudi Arabia. All neonates born to mothers with pregnancy associated diabetes between July 2014 and June 2015 were recruited for the purpose of this study. Infants born at 23 weeks or less, infants who died within 3 hours of delivery, twins, and unbooked pregnant ladies were excluded from the study...
June 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Farideh Gharekhanloo
Introduction: The early prenatal identification of fetal gender is of great importance. Accurate prenatal identification is currently only possible through invasive procedures. The present study was conducted to determine the accuracy and sensitivity of ultrasound fetal gender identification. Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on 150 women in their 11th and 12th weeks of pregnancy in Hamadan in 2014. Ultrasound imaging performed in the 11th and 12th weeks of pregnancy for fetal gender identification identified the fetus either as a girl, a boy, or as a "gender not assigned...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Noman Lateef, Mustafa Dawood, Karn Sharma, Abubakar Tauseef, Muhammad Asadullah Munir, Erin Godbout
Spontaneous pneumothorax in pregnancy is a rare and life-threatening condition. In this report, a case of spontaneous pneumothorax occurring at 34 weeks' gestation in a healthy 34-year-old primigravida is described. She had typical complaints of chest pain and dyspnoea and diagnosis was made by chest X-ray which showed an extensive pneumothorax in the right side. Pneumothorax recurred twice over approximately three weeks. A caesarean section secondary to small pelvic parameters was scheduled with the chest tube in situ and a healthy 2...
2018: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Devashis Mukherjee, Mary Coffey, M Jeffrey Maisels
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency, age at phototherapy (PT) initiation, and duration of PT use in infants 230/7 to 346/7 weeks of gestation in two neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) over 4 time periods. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed the charts of all infants born at 230/7 -346/7 weeks of gestational age (GA) and admitted to the NICUs of two hospitals between January 2009 and September 2015. We calculated the proportion of infants who received PT and the total duration of PT exposure...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Jessica Sheehan Tangren, Wan Ahmad Hafiz Wan Md Adnan, Camille E Powe, Jeffrey Ecker, Kate Bramham, Michelle A Hladunewich, Elizabeth Ankers, S Ananth Karumanchi, Ravi Thadhani
An episode of clinically recovered acute kidney injury (r-AKI) has been identified as a risk factor for future hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Our objective was to assess whether r-AKI was associated with future preeclampsia and other adverse pregnancy outcomes and to identify whether severity of AKI or time interval between AKI and pregnancy was associated with pregnancy complications. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of women who delivered infants between 1998 and 2016 at Massachusetts General Hospital...
June 18, 2018: Hypertension
Jennifer A Hutcheon, Olof Stephansson, Sven Cnattingius, Lisa M Bodnar, Anna-Karin Wikström, Kari Johansson
Weight gain in early pregnancy may influence a woman's risk of developing preeclampsia. However, the consequences of weight gain throughout pregnancy up to the diagnosis of preeclampsia are unknown. The aim of this study was to determine whether pregnancy weight gain before the diagnosis of preeclampsia is associated with increased risks of preeclampsia (overall and by preeclampsia subtype). The study population included nulliparous pregnant women in the Swedish counties of Gotland and Stockholm, 2008 to 2013, stratified by early pregnancy body mass index category...
June 18, 2018: Hypertension
Fartoon M Siad, Xiao Yang Fang, Maria J Santana, Sonia Butalia, Marilynne A Hebert, Doreen M Rabi
OBJECTIVES: East African (EA) women are a subpopulation who are at very high risk for gestational diabetes (GDM) and poor obstetric outcomes, but little is known about the care experiences of this understudied group. The objective of this study was to document the impact of a diagnosis of GDM and the perceptions of diabetes care among EA immigrant women. METHODS: Semistructured in-depth interviews were conducted with 10 EA immigrant women diagnosed with GDM in Calgary; they were recruited from community and tertiary care settings...
February 2, 2018: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Nora Shero, Sylvain Fiset, Hélène Plamondon, Mohamed Thabet, France M Rioux
Iron deficiency (ID) has been reported as a risk factor in the pathology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, although the mechanisms seem unclear. Previous results from our research group showed that guinea pig offspring born from ID dams were significantly more active in the Open Field Test than the controls. This behavior could potentially be associated to stress. We therefore hypothesized that maternal iron deficiency (MID) elevates the offspring serum cortisol, a biomarker of stress, during childhood and possibly at mature age...
June 2018: Nutrition Research
Eran Barzilay, Ashley Moon, Lesley Plumptre, Shannon P Masih, Kyoung-Jin Sohn, Carly E Visentin, Anna Ly, Olga Malysheva, Ruth Croxford, Marie A Caudill, Deborah L O'Connor, Young-In Kim, Howard Berger
Both insufficiency and excess of one-carbon nutrients (folate, choline, vitamins B6 and B12) during pregnancy have been associated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). However, the precise nature of this association has not been clearly established. We hypothesized that GDM may affect one-carbon nutrients concentrations in the fetus, thus possibly participating in epigenetic programing of the offspring. Maternal blood was collected at recruitment (12-16 weeks). At delivery (28-42 weeks), both maternal and cord blood were collected...
July 2018: Nutrition Research
Yan-Ting Wu, Cheng Li, Yi-Min Zhu, Shu-Hua Zou, Qiong-Fang Wu, Li-Ping Wang, Yan Wu, Rong Yin, Chao-Yi Shi, Jing Lin, Zi-Ru Jiang, Yi-Jing Xu, Yun-Fei Su, Jian Zhang, Jian-Zhong Sheng, William D Fraser, Zhi-Wei Liu, He-Feng Huang
BACKGROUND: Despite limited information on neonatal safety, the transfer of frozen-thawed cleavage-stage embryos with blastomere loss is common in women undergoing in vitro fertilization. We aimed to evaluate the pregnancy outcomes and safety of frozen-thawed cleavage-stage embryos with blastomere loss. METHODS: This prospective, multicenter, cohort study included all frozen-thawed cleavage-stage embryo transfer (FET) cycles between 2002 and 2012. Pregnancy outcomes and subsequent neonatal outcomes were compared between FET cycles with intact embryos and those with blastomere loss...
June 19, 2018: BMC Medicine
Michael L Power, Melisa L Lott, A Dhanya Mackeen, Jessica DiBari, Jay Schulkin
BACKGROUND: In 2009, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) published guidance on gestational weight gain (GWG) modified by maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI). Estimates indicate that less than half of US pregnant women have GWG within recommendations. This study examined GWG from before (2006-2009) and after (2010-2015) the release of the IOM guidance in a rural, non-Hispanic white population to assess the proportion of women with GWG outside of IOM guidance, whether GWG became more likely to be within IOM guidance after 2010, and identify potential maternal factors associated with GWG outside of recommendations...
June 18, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Samantha J Prosser, Adrian G Barnett, Yvette D Miller
BACKGROUND: In response to rising rates of medical intervention in birth, there has been increased international interest in promoting normal birth (without induction of labour, epidural/spinal/general anaesthesia, episiotomy, forceps/vacuum, or caesarean section). However, there is limited evidence for how best to achieve increased rates of normal birth. In this study we examined the role of modifiable and non-modifiable factors in experiencing a normal birth using retrospective, self-reported data...
June 18, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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