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Breast sentinel lymph node metastasis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510222/primary-ectopic-breast-cancer-of-the-vulva-treated-with-local-excision-of-the-vulva-and-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-a-case-report
#1
Takayuki Ishigaki, Yasuo Toriumi, Ryouko Nosaka, Rei Kudou, Yoshimi Imawari, Makiko Kamio, Hiroko Nogi, Hisashi Shioya, Hiroshi Takeyama
Primary breast cancer fairly infrequently occurs in ectopic breast tissue, and primary ectopic breast cancer of the vulva is particularly rare. Only 26 cases have been published in the English-language literature, and there has been no report of primary breast carcinoma of the vulva in Japan. We report a rare case of primary ectopic breast cancer of the vulva that was treated with local excision of the vulva and sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). The patient was a 72-year-old woman who had noticed a right vulvar tumor 10 years earlier...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503075/imprint-cytology-versus-frozen-section-analysis-for-intraoperative-assessment-of-sentinel-lymph-node-in-breast-cancer
#2
Thalia Petropoulou, Antonia Kapoula, Aikaterini Mastoraki, Aikaterini Politi, Eleni Spanidou-Karvouni, Ioannis Psychogios, Ioannis Vassiliou, Nikolaos Arkadopoulos
INTRODUCTION: Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is the gold standard for surgical staging of the axilla in breast cancer (BC). Frozen section (FS) remains the most popular means of intraoperative SLN diagnosis. Imprint cytology (IC) has also been suggested as a less expensive and equally accurate alternative to FS. The aim of our study was to perform a direct comparison between IC and FS on the same SLNs of BC cases operated in a single center by the same surgical team. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Into this prospective study we enrolled 60 consecutive patients with histologically proven T1-T3 BC and clinically negative axilla...
2017: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480185/intramammary-sentinel-lymph-node-with-capsular-extravasation-in-breast-cancer
#3
Paulo Roberto De Alcantara Filho, Carla Curi, Camila Souza Guatelli, Cynthia Aparecida B de Toledo Osorio, Stephania Martins Bezerra, Fernando Augusto Soares, Fabiana Baroni Makdissi
Sentinel lymph node biopsy has been developed as the standard of treatment in breast cancer. Status of axillary sentinel lymph node is known to be a significant prognostic factor. Nevertheless, involvement of an intramammary lymph node with metastasis in breast cancer is a rare radiological and clinical presentation, and with extracapsular extravasation even more uncommon. Historically, reported series of patients with intramammary lymph node diagnosed by final histological examination are small in number and clinical significance of metastasis is still unclear...
May 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473989/the-noninvasive-treatment-for-sentinel-lymph-node-metastasis-by-photodynamic-therapy-using-phospholipid-polymer-as-a-nanotransporter-of-verteporfin
#4
Kyosuke Shimada, Sachiko Matsuda, Hiromitsu Jinno, Noriaki Kameyama, Tomohiro Konno, Tsunenori Arai, Kazuhiko Ishihara, Yuko Kitagawa
Aim. The usefulness of photodynamic therapy (PDT) for treating sentinel lymph node (SLN) metastasis was evaluated. Materials and Methods. Verteporfin, a hydrophobic photosensitizer, forms a soluble aggregate with poly(2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine-co-n-butyl methacrylate) (PMB). The concentrations of verteporfin were determined by measuring the fluorescence emitted at 700 nm. Seven days after the inoculation of A431 cells at the forearm of BALB/c nude mice, PMB-verteporfin was injected at dorsum manus and 75 J of light energy was delivered for 1 minute...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454926/predictive-factors-for-nonsentinel-lymph-node-metastasis-in-patients-with-positive-sentinel-lymph-nodes-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-nomogram-for-predicting-nonsentinel-lymph-node-metastasis
#5
Jai Min Ryu, Se Kyung Lee, Ji Young Kim, Jonghan Yu, Seok Won Kim, Jeong Eon Lee, Se Hwan Han, Yong Sik Jung, Seok Jin Nam
INTRODUCTION: Axillary lymph node (ALN) status is an important prognostic factor for breast cancer patients. With increasing numbers of patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC), issues concerning sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) after NAC have emerged. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed the clinicopathologic features and developed a nomogram to predict the possibility of nonsentinel lymph node (NSLN) metastases in patients with positive SLNs after NAC...
April 6, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433983/pulmonary-metastasis-from-renal-epithelioid-angiomyolipoma-in-the-setting-of-breast-cancer
#6
Eoin MacCraith, Aoife McCarthy, Niall Swan, David Quinlan
A 68-year-old woman presented with visible haematuria. Ultrasonography and triphasic CT revealed a 2.6 cm mass in the lower pole of the left kidney. A biopsy suggested low-grade renal cell carcinoma. Radical nephrectomy was performed and revealed an epithelioid angiomyolipoma. At year 3, the patient developed ductal carcinoma of the right breast and underwent a wide local excision and sentinel lymph node biopsy followed by chemotherapy and radiotherapy. 4 months later, she was noted to have a 1.6 cm nodule in the middle lobe of her right lung...
April 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432480/predictive-value-of-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-for-axillary-lymph-node-metastasis-in-invasive-ductal-breast-cancer
#7
Bong-Il Song, Hae Won Kim, Kyoung Sook Won
BACKGROUND: This study assessed whether primary tumor maximum standardized uptake value (pSUVmax) measured by (18)F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) could improve the prediction of axillary lymph node (ALN) metastasis in invasive ductal breast cancer (IDC). METHODS: In this study, 128 IDC patients who underwent pretreatment (18)F-FDG PET/CT and surgical resection of primary tumor with sentinel lymph node biopsy, ALN dissection, or both were analyzed...
April 21, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415938/indocyanine-green-detects-sentinel-lymph-nodes-in-early-breast-cancer
#8
Jun Liu, Linping Huang, Ning Wang, Ping Chen
Objective To explore the clinical value of indocyanine green (ICG) for the fluorescence-guided detection of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) during sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in patients with early breast cancer. Methods This retrospective study included female patients with breast cancer. Patients were administered methylene blue and ICG using standard techniques. All SLNs that were collected during surgery were submitted for pathological examination. SLNs were defined as those that were either fluorescent, blue, fluorescent and blue or palpably suspicious...
April 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345845/the-pre-treatment-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-a-useful-tool-in-predicting-non-sentinel-lymph-node-metastasis-in-breast-cancer-cases
#9
Suphawat Laohawiriyakamol, Somrit Mahattanobon, Supparerk Laohawiriyakamol, Puttisak Puttawibul
Background: The sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is a highly accurate predictor of overall axillary nodal status in early breast cancer patients. There is however, still a debate on which patients with a positive SLN can benefit from axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). Numerous studies have been designed to identify variables that are predictive of non-SLN metastasis to avoid a complete ALND. The aim of this study was to determine whether the pre-treatment neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) can be a predictive factor of non-SLN metastasis in early breast cancer patients...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191804/does-alternative-and-traditional-wasam-local-cautery-therapy-facilitate-an-early-and-more-extensive-locoregional-metastasis-of-breast-cancer
#10
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: A large heterogeneous group of unproven remedies exist to treat cancer in both developed and developing countries. Some of these remedies often do more harm than good to the patients. The traditional medicine is the sum total of the knowledge, skills, and practices based on the theories, beliefs, and experiences indigenous to different cultures. The traditional medicine in Oman is based on herbal treatment and skin treatment (massage, Cupping and skin burn "cautery" treatment-known as Wasam or Kaiy)...
September 2016: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173818/the-predictive-value-of-methylene-blue-dye-as-a-single-technique-in-breast-cancer-sentinel-node-biopsy-a-study-from-dharmais-cancer-hospital
#11
Bayu Brahma, Rizky Ifandriani Putri, Ramadhan Karsono, Bob Andinata, Walta Gautama, Lenny Sari, Samuel J Haryono
BACKGROUND: Axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) has been the standard treatment of breast cancer axillary staging in Indonesia. The limited facilities of radioisotope tracer and isosulfan or patent blue dye (PBD) have been the major obstacles to perform sentinel node biopsy (SNB) in our country. We studied the application of 1% methylene blue dye (MBD) alone for SNB to overcome the problem. METHODS: This prospective study enrolled 108 patients with suspicious malignant lesions or breast cancer stages I-III...
February 7, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168389/can-clinically-node-negative-breast-cancer-patients-with-suspicious-axillary-lymph-nodes-at-ultrasound-but-negative-fine-needle-aspiration-be-approached-as-having-node-negative-disease
#12
Yue Liang, Xiaosong Chen, Weiwei Zhan, David H Garfield, Jiayi Wu, Ou Huang, Yafen Li, Li Zhu, Weiguo Chen, Kunwei Shen
BACKGROUND: Few data exist to elucidate whether patients with a suspicious axillary lymph node (ALN) at ultrasound but a negative fine-needle aspiration result (FNA group) can be managed as having ultrasound node-negative disease (AUN group). This study compared various ALN statuses between the AUN and FNA groups to guide further ALN management. METHODS: Patients who had clinical T1-2N0 breast cancer treated with sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy were retrospectively analyzed...
February 6, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145149/axillary-skip-metastases-and-the-false-negative-rate-of-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-are-related-to-negative-aldh-1-expression-and-ki-67-expression
#13
Woo Gyeong Kim, JungSun Lee
Breast cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been hypothesized to be the driving force behind tumorigenesis and metastasis. In this study, we evaluated the relationships between CSC expressions in primary breast cancers and corresponding metastatic sentinel and nonsentinel lymph nodes (SLNs and NSLNs). The clinical implications of these relationships were also investigated. CSC expressions were evaluated in 167 breast cancer specimens and associated lymph node biopsies (when present). We used double immunohistochemistry of CD44/CD24 and single immunohistochemistry of ALDH-1 on paraffin-embedded breast tissue, SLN, and NSLN specimens...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139362/eight-year-follow-up-result-of-the-otoasor-trial-the-optimal-treatment-of-the-axilla-surgery-or-radiotherapy-after-positive-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-early-stage-breast-cancer-a-randomized-single-centre-phase-iii-non-inferiority-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Á Sávolt, G Péley, C Polgár, N Udvarhelyi, G Rubovszky, E Kovács, B Győrffy, M Kásler, Z Mátrai
INTRODUCTION: The National Institute of Oncology, Budapest conducted a single centre randomized clinical study. The OTOASOR (Optimal Treatment Of the Axilla - Surgery Or Radiotherapy) trial compares completion of axillary lymph node dissection (cALND) to regional nodal irradiation (RNI) in patients with sentinel lymph node metastasis (pN1sn) in stage I-II breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with primary invasive breast cancer (cN0 and cT ≤ 3 cm) were randomized before surgery for cALND (standard treatment) or RNI (investigational treatment)...
April 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139361/is-intraoperative-touch-imprint-cytology-indicated-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-early-breast-cancers
#15
Z Horváth, A Paszt, Z Simonka, M Látos, V Oláh, D Nagyszegi, L Kaizer, Z Fejes, S Hamar, E Csörgő, K Ormándi, M Lázár, G Lázár
INTRODUCTION: Intraoperative touch imprint cytology (TIC) of the sentinel lymph node(s) (SLN(s)) in the treatment of breast cancer has significantly reduced the number of axillary block dissections (ABD) required during second surgeries. Based on recent studies, ABD was not considered necessary if the presence of tumor cells/micrometastasis was confirmed in the SLN(s) or in the case of macrometastases in a patient group meeting the inclusion criteria for the ACOSOG Z0011 study. Our aim was to determine the sensitivity and usefulness of TIC with regard to these results...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133206/-difficult-decision-about-a-surgical-margin-for-a-non-invasive-apocrine-carcinoma-in-the-breast-report-of-a-case
#16
Tomohiro Hirano, Kenichi Sakurai, Shigeru Fujisaki, Keita Adachi, Shuhei Suzuki, Yuki Masuo, Saki Nagashima, Yukiko Hara, Katsuhisa Enomoto, Ryouichi Tomita, Kenji Gonda
We report a case of non-invasive apocrine carcinoma. In this case, we could not identifythe surgical margin. The patient was 39-year-old woman. Micro calcifications were discovered on her right breast during breast cancer screening. Stereotactic vacuum assisted core needle biopsywas performed and the pathological diagnosis was sclerosing adenosis. A low echoic lesion, 26mm in diameter, was discovered in the CDE area of her left breast byultrasonography . A contrast enhanced MRI showed a high intensityarea, 26mm in diameter, on her left breast...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133052/-intra-cystic-mucinous-carcinoma-of-the-breast-a-case-report
#17
Keita Adachi, Shuhei Suzuki, Yuki Masuo, Saki Nagashima, Yukiko Hara, Tomohiro Hirano, Katsuhisa Enomoto, Kenichi Sakurai, Makoto Makishima, Tsugumichi Koshinaga
A 75-year-old woman consulted our hospital for a lump on her left breast. The tumor was 5 cm in diameter and was palpable in the ABE area. The tumor was identified as an intra-cystic tumor using ultrasonography. Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging showed a tumor with cystic components that were slowly stained in a dynamic study. A fine needle aspiration biopsywas performed, and the pathological diagnosis was class V. Metastatic work-up revealed no evidence of metastasis. Therefore, we determined the clinical stage as T3N0M0, stage II B...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052310/ten-year-report-on-axillary-recurrence-after-negative-sentinel-node-biopsy-for-breast-cancer-from-the-swedish-multicentre-cohort-study
#18
J de Boniface, J Frisell, L Bergkvist, Y Andersson
BACKGROUND: The omission of axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) in patients with breast cancer with a negative finding on sentinel node biopsy (SNB) has reduced arm morbidity substantially. Early follow-up reports have shown the rate of axillary recurrence to be significantly lower than expected, with a median false-negative rate of 7 per cent for SNB. Long-term follow-up is needed as recurrences may develop late. METHODS: The Swedish Multicentre Cohort Study included 3518 women with breast cancer and a clinically negative axilla, in whom SNB was planned...
February 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052186/axillary-treatment-for-operable-primary-breast-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Nathan Bromham, Mia Schmidt-Hansen, Margaret Astin, Elise Hasler, Malcolm W Reed
BACKGROUND: Axillary surgery is an established part of the management of primary breast cancer. It provides staging information to guide adjuvant therapy and potentially local control of axillary disease. Several alternative approaches to axillary surgery are available, most of which aim to spare a proportion of women the morbidity of complete axillary dissection. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of alternative approaches to axillary surgery (including omitting such surgery altogether) in terms of overall survival; local, regional and distant recurrences; and adverse events...
January 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042324/mapping-sentinel-lymph-node-metastasis-by-dual-probe-optical-imaging
#20
Xiangyu Yang, Zhe Wang, Fuwu Zhang, Guizhi Zhu, Jibin Song, Gao-Jun Teng, Gang Niu, Xiaoyuan Chen
Purpose: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) has emerged as the preferred standard procedure in patients with breast cancer, melanoma and other types of cancer. Herein, we developed a method to intra-operatively map SLNs and differentiate tumor metastases within SLNs at the same time, with the aim to provide more accurate and real-time intraoperative guidance. Experimental Design: Hyaluronic acid (HA), a ligand of lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronan receptor (LYVE)-1, is employed as a SLN mapping agent after being conjugated with a near-infrared fluorophore (Cy5...
2017: Theranostics
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