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Polycistic ovary

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498530/algorithm-of-ovulation-induction-in-patients-with-polycistic-ovary-syndrome
#1
REVIEW
Artur Bjelica, Jelena Bjelanović, Natasa Milić, Ljiljana Mladenović Segedi, Đorde Ilić, Jelena Dimitrijević
INTRODUCTION: Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most frequent endocrine disturbance in the reproductive period of women's life and the most frequent cause of anovulatory infertility. Ovulation and pregnancy in patients having polycystic ovary syndrome may be a result of a wide range of therapeutic options, and the treatment assumes a gradual approach--from simple noninvasive to expensive and demanding procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic literature survey concerning the efficiency of particular ovulation induction methods in respect of the reproductive outcome was carried out with the aim of establishing the algorithm for ovulation induction in infertile patients having polycystic ovary syndrome...
January 2016: Medicinski Pregled
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25714876/intrafollicular-nerve-growth-factor-concentration-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-case-control-study
#2
Ferdinando A Gulino, Eleonora Giuffrida, Emanuela Leonardi, Ilaria Marilli, Marco A Palumbo
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the concentration of nerve growth factor (NGF) in follicular fluid of women affected by polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) undergoing to In Vitro Fertilization cycle. METHODS: In the context of an in-vivo study, a sample of 52 women was considered: 20 were without pathology (male infertility - control group) and 32 were affected by PCOS. All patients received a long stimulation protocol and the oocytes obtained by pick-up were fertilized with standard procedures of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)...
April 2016: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25039113/are-there-any-association-between-polycistic-ovary-syndrome-and-congenital-abnormalities-of-m%C3%A3-llerian-ducts
#3
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Aleksandra Tubić-Pavlović, Dragana Radović-Janosević, Aleksandra Petrić, Milan Stefanović
BACKGROUND/AIM: There are many specificities of merital infertility and sometimes surprising connections between some thinks with no connections at first sight. Examinations of these patients imply diagnostic actions such as the blood basal hormone sample, doing hysterosalpingography, ultrahysterosonography, ultrasound examinations, and sometimes laparoscopy and hysteroscopy if there are necessary. The aim of the study was to determine the characteristics of the connection between policystic ovary (PCO) syndrome (Sy) and congenital Müllerian ducts abnormalities...
June 2014: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25010620/inositol-history-of-an-effective-therapy-for-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#4
M Bizzarri, G Carlomagno
Inositol is a physiological compound belonging to the sugar family. The two inositol stereoisomers, myo-inositol and D-chiroinositol are the two main stereisomers present in our body. Myo-inositol is the precursor of inositol triphosphate, a second messenger regulating many hormones such as TSH, FSH and insulin. D-chiroinositol is synthetized by an insulin dependent epimerase that converts myo-inositol into D-chiro-inositol. Polycistic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a metabolic and hormonal disorder and a common cause of infertility...
July 2014: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22165724/-sleep-and-metabolic-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Dragan D Micić, Mirjana Šumarac-Dumanović, Veselinka Šušić, Danica Pejković, Snežana Polovina
In the 20th century, the prevalence of obesity has been increasing worldwide at an alarming rate and it is followed by an increase in the diseases for which obesity is major risk factor, like metabolic syndrome, diabetes type 2 and hypertension. These facts has been resulting in explosion of investigation devoted to explanation of pathogenetic mechanisms of this serious social and medical problems with the main idea to find adequate way of prevention as well as of treatment. Together with the observed epidemy of obesity and Type 2 diabetes, it was found parallel tendency for sleep curtailment, that was confirmed in numerous epidemiological studies, that coincide with its beginning and progress with this two epidemies...
2011: Glas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21805145/schizophrenia-and-stein-leventhal-syndrome-comorbidity-features
#6
Naira R Matevosyan
OBJECTIVE: To explore shared pathogenesis between schizophrenia and polycistic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: Ninety-six studies of schizophrenia and PCOS from a mean sample of 139 women are recruited from PubMed and FASTSTATS for geometrical regression analysis. Parametric and observational properties of both diseases (gene polymorphism, monoamines, gonadal steroids, gonadotropins, thyroid hormones, insulin sensitivity index, hirsute index, oligomenorrhea, anhedonia, asociality, apathy, emotional withdrawal, alogia, poor rapport, stereotypical thinking, hyperkinetic reactions, treatment with valproate) are stochastically distributed in the elliptical area...
October 2011: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16767302/-insulin-resistance-hyperinsulinemia-associated-diseases-not-included-in-the-metabolic-syndrome
#7
REVIEW
José B C Carvalheira, Mario J A Saad
In the past years, in Brazil and in developed countries, obesity has become a major public health problem. It was identified that besides DM2 and metabolic syndrome other clinical entities were associated with insulin resistance. In this review we describe some of these alterations emphasizing nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, but also including polycistic ovary disease, hyperuricemia, chronic renal failure, heart failure, cognitive decline and cancer.
April 2006: Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia e Metabologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15785788/-endocrinologic-adverse-effects-of-psychotropic-drugs
#8
REVIEW
Irene María Elenitza
Psychotropic drugs affect the regulatory mechanisms of different neuroendocrine axis. This chapter reviews the interactions between psychotropic drugs and prolactin, the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis and the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. Hyperprolactinemia can cause galactorrhea, amenorrhea, sexual disfunction, impaired spermatogenesis and increased risk for osteoporosis and fractures. Atypical antipsychotics cause less hyperprolactinemia than conventional antipsychotics. Lithium has important effects on thyroid function...
January 2005: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15624270/effect-of-metformin-on-the-clinical-and-metabolic-assessment-of-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#9
L Ferreira Santana, M F Silva de Sá, R A Ferriani, M D de Moura, M C Foss, R M dos Reis
A longitudinal prospective study was conducted in 21 women with polycistic ovary syndrome (PCOS), aged 27.20 +/- 5.02 years and treated with metformin (1500 mg/day)for 8 weeks. The patients were assessed for spontaneous menstruation, weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, waist/hip ratio (WHR), glucose and insulin concentrations under fasting conditions and after a 75-g glucose tolerance test, lipid profile, testosterone, androstenedione, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, sex-hormone binding globulin (SHBG), and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I...
August 2004: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15568304/could-be-ureteral-endometriosis-considered-a-symptomatic-and-severe-urological-disease
#10
REVIEW
Luciano De Giovanni, Luca Bongiovanni, Pietro Mastrangelo, Francesco Federico
Ureteral endometriosis is a rare localization of gynecological disease. We presented a case of left ureteral endometriosis in a 30-year-old woman with left abdominal pain and a radiological nonfunctioning kidney. Surgical treatment with ureteral resection and uretero-uretero anastomosys was conducted. Pathological examination of surgical specimen revealed endometriosis. The diagnosis of ureteral endometriosis should be considered in women with renal symptoms of noncalculous obstruction, particularly in premenopausal women with an anamnesys of polycistic ovary disease (POD) or severe menstrual related symptoms, although the disease is often strictly associated with silent renal obstruction...
September 2004: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10518402/-hyperprolactinemia-and-disorders-of-the-menstrual-cycle
#11
N Topalski-Fistes, M Bujas, M Maticki-Sekulić, S Suvacarev
INTRODUCTION: The authors presented physiological conditions associated with increased prolactin values (sleep, stress, hypoglycemia, nipples stimulation, pregnancy and lactation) as well as the causes of pathological hyperprolactinemia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The results of radioimmunoassay study have been analyzed in concern to the values of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and prolactin (PRL) obtained from the serum of 100 women with increased PRL levels...
March 1999: Medicinski Pregled
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