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development dysplasia os the hip

Sandip P Tarpada, Steven J Girdler, Matthew T Morris
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a relatively common malady that has profound consequences in the infant if left untreated. Effective and early treatment of DDH has been praised as one of the most successful ventures of modern pediatric orthopedics. Yet, before the modern management of DDH came into existence, there were extensive technological developments in the field of harnesses, casts, and traction methods. This paper aims to identify the centuries-old history of advancement in DDH treatment and the many important people involved...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
João Stein Kannebley, Laura Silveira-Moriyama, Laís Orrico Donnabella Bastos, Carlos Eduardo Steiner
We describe 12 subjects of ten unrelated families from the region of Campinas and the southern state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, who presented with juvenile (n = 4) and adult (n = 8) GM1 gangliosidosis. Data includes clinical history, physical examination, and ancillary exam findings. Six subjects presented initially with skeletal deformities, while the remaining six had neurological manifestations at onset. Over time, all exhibited a combination of osteoarticular and neurologic degeneration with varying degrees of severity...
2015: JIMD Reports
Céline Klein, Carine Le Goff, Vicken Topouchian, Sylvie Odent, Philippe Violas, Christophe Glorion, Valérie Cormier-Daire
UNLABELLED: Acromicric dysplasia (AD) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by short stature, short extremities, stiff joint and skeleton features including brachymetacarpia, cone-shaped epiphyses, internal notch of the femoral head, and delayed bone age. Recently, we identified fibrillin 1 (FBN1) as the disease gene of AD. The aim of our study was to further describe the long-term follow up of AD patients with an emphasis on orthopedic management. Nine patients with FBN1 mutations were included in the study ranging in age from 5...
February 2014: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
I Chandoga, S Vajcziková
An ankle bone consisting of several fragments is a rare anatomical variant of the talus, in the literature described as talus partitus or frontal split. On radiographs or CT scans it presents as two or more relatively large fragments. The term talus partitus is sometimes incorrectly used for an accessory bone that occasionally develops behind the ankle bone and is called os trigonum. Talus partitus is an unusual developmental anomaly in which the talus is partitioned although it ossifies from a single centre...
2012: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
M de Pellegrin, D Fracassetti, P Ciampi
Between 1990 and 1996, 129 children (mean age 4.8 years) with hip pain were examined consecutively. In group I (n = 100, mean age 4.14 +/- 2.2), transient synovitis of the hip was diagnosed; group II (n = 29, mean age 7.3 +/- 2.1) showed the following diagnoses: Perthes' disease (n = 12), early slipped capital femoral epiphysis (n = 5), Meyer's dysplasia (n = 2), septic arthritis of the hip (n = 2), osteomyelitis of the acetabulum (n = 1), abscess of the psoas (n = 1), chondromatosis of the hip joint (n = 1), Ewing's sarcoma of the os pubis (n = 1), hip dysplasia (n = 1)...
October 1997: Der Orthopäde
F U Niethard
Osteochondritis of the centers of ossification is a frequent condition during pubertal growth spurt. The ossification of the acetabulum is completed during that period by fusion of the primary and secondary ossification centers (Os acetabuli etc.). During that time of maximal longitudinal growth the pressure within the hip joint can impair the formation of the acetabulum. Usually the acetabular roof is involved to a lesser degree and spontaneous healing of the changes is observated (grade I). Under biomechanically disadvantageous conditions (e...
January 1984: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Ihre Grenzgebiete
M Ferrer-Torrelles, T Ceballos, A Ferrer-Loewinsohn
As an introduction to the pathology and treatment of C.D.H., a simplified outline of fundamental embryologic events and growth characteristics of the hip joint (selected from past and actual bibliography) is presented. Congenital dislocation of the hip appears to be the result of various genetic, developmental, environmental and mechanical factors that affect articular structures in the perinatal period. At this time, the hip joint is anatomically and functionally more vulnerable to alterations of its normal concentric disposition...
1990: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
N Fredensborg
The late results of early treatment of congenital dislocation of the hip in the von Rosen splint have been recorded in a follow-up study of 111 children with an average age of ten years (range eight to sixteen). The clinical diagnosis had been made within two days of birth and in most cases confirmed by radiological examination. Splintage was in all cases begun within the first few days and maintained for an average period of ten weeks. Two cases of failure of the initial treatment were encountered but had good final results...
August 1976: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British Volume
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