Read by QxMD icon Read

Knee substitution

Hyuk-Soo Han, Seung-Baik Kang
BACKGROUND: This work aimed to evaluate the changes in the femoral posterior condylar offset (PCO) and tibial slope after posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)-substituting total knee arthroplasty (TKA), and to address the presence of any interactive effect between the two on knee flexion. METHODS: Fifty-two PCL-substituting TKAs were performed using a posterior referencing system. Three-dimensional reconstructed computed tomographic (CT) images were used to evaluate PCO and tibial slope before and after arthroplasty...
March 7, 2018: Knee
Chloe E H Scott, Matilda F R Powell-Bowns, Deborah J MacDonald, Philip M Simpson, Frazer A Wade
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to investigate differences in implant requirement, outcomes, and re-revision when total knee arthroplasty (TKA) was performed following unicompartmental knee arthroplasties (UKAs) with metal-backed (MB) compared to all-polyethylene (AP) tibial components. METHODS: Retrospective study of 60 UKAs converted to 60 TKAs at mean 7.3 years (0.1 to 17) after implantation in 55 patients (mean age, 64 [49-83]; 44% male): 44 MB and 16 AP...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
Babak Alikhani, Tobias Getzin, Till Frederik Kaireit, Kristina Imeen Ringe, Leila Jamali, Frank Wacker, Thomas Werncke, Hans-Jürgen Raatschen
PURPOSE: The aim of this investigation is to establish the relationship between the size-dependent conversion factor (fsize ) and the body-mass-index (BMI) and to test whether BMI can be substituted for the conventionally used patients' anterior-posterior (AP) and lateral (LAT) dimensions for calculation of fsize . By calculating fsize on the basis of BMI instead of the AP and LAT measurements, size-specific dose estimates (SSDE) could be determined prior to image acquisition. METHODS: Our institute utilizes a dose monitoring software to record radiation exposure during CT examinations...
March 2018: European Journal of Radiology
Christian Stärke, Christoph Hubertus Lohmann, Sebastian Kopf
Development of meniscus replacements requires in-depth knowledge of the material properties and biomechanical behavior of the native meniscus. The compressive properties are of particular interest in this context, which are often assessed with indentation tests. However, those tests are usually done on isolated tissue specimens ex situ, which could have a significant impact on the results. It was, therefore, the goal of the study to assess the stiffness of the meniscus tissue in situ in porcine specimens and to compare it to that of artificial substitutes...
February 1, 2018: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Seyedmohammad Abtahi, Nima Jamshidi, Aram Ghaziasgar
The purpose of this simulation study was to analyze the effect of variation in Knee-Ankle-Foot-Orthosis stiffness on the joint power and the energy cost of walking. The effect of contractile tissue was simulated using linear elastic spring and viscous dampers in knee and ankle joints. Then, joint angles, ground reaction force, were collected from Twenty chronic hemiparesis subjects (15 males and 5 females) and twenty control subjects (14 males and 6 females), and spring stiffness were considered as the inputs...
February 21, 2018: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Ji-Hoon Bae, Jung-Ro Yoon, Ju-Hyoung Sung, Young-Soo Shin
PURPOSE: It is unknown whether the conforming superiority of ultracongruent (UC) inserts over posterior stabilized (PS) inserts, due to an increased anterior lip for prevention of anterior displacement of the condyles during knee flexion, leads to better knee scores or greater knee stability in arthroplasty patients. This meta-analysis compared clinical outcomes, intraoperative kinematics, sagittal stability, and range of motion (ROM) between groups with either UC or PS inserts in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA)...
February 19, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Yoshinori Ishii, Hideo Noguchi, Junko Sato, Hana Ishii, Koji Todoroki, Shin-Ichi Toyabe
BACKGROUND: Tibial component coverage (TCC) and tibial rotational angle (TRA) have been studied simultaneously in simulations, but not in clinical studies after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purposes of this study were (1) to evaluate TCC and rotational setting postoperatively in mobile-bearing TKA patients and (2) to compare the results with previously published simulation data. METHODS: We prospectively examined 100 patients who underwent primary TKA using the LCS® Total Knee System (LCS) posterior cruciate ligament-substituting prosthesis...
February 10, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Amelia Joanna Hanford Arundale, Holly Jacinda Silvers-Granelli, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
Background: Little is known about career length after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in Major League Soccer (MLS), the top men's professional soccer league in the United States. Further, it is unspecified whether athletes returning to soccer after ACL reconstruction are at a higher risk for injuries, beyond new knee injuries. Purpose: To examine career length and the incidence of lower extremity injuries in MLS athletes after ACL reconstruction in comparison with age-matched controls...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Bum-Sik Lee, Hyun-Ik Cho, Seong-Il Bin, Jong-Min Kim, Byeong-Kyu Jo
BACKGROUND: The notion that neutral alignment is mandatory to assure long-term durability after TKA has been based mostly on short-film studies. However, this is challenged by recent long-film studies. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We conducted this long-film study to know (1) whether the risk of aseptic revision for nontraumatic reasons was greater among knees with greater than 3° varus or valgus (defined as "outliers") than those that were aligned within 3° of neutral on long-standing mechanical axis (hip to knee) radiographs; and (2) what the failure mechanisms were and whether the malalignment was femoral or tibial in origin, or both, among those in the outlier group...
February 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
R Kanna
The shifting demographics of patients with localized knee arthritis, including younger, more active patients, is a chief motivation for mounting interest in tissue preserving surgical substitutes for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Unlinked, modular bi-compartmental knee arthroplasty (MBKA) is an emerging knee-resurfacing approach that provides a conservative alternative to TKA. Arthritis involving both patellofemoral and either medial or lateral tibiofemoral compartments, with no significant deformity or bone deficiency, preserved motion, and intact cruciate ligaments, can be effectively managed with MBKA...
March 2017: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
Young Chan Kim, Jae-Hyuk Yang, Hyun Jung Kim, Tulyapruek Tawonsawatruk, Yong Suk Chang, Jong Seong Lee, Nikhil N Bhandare, Ki Seong Kim, Giorgio D G Delgado, Kyung Wook Nha
Purpose: The purpose of this review is to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes between open and closed wedge distal femoral varus osteotomy (DFO). Methods: A literature search of online databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library database) was made in addition to manual search of major orthopedic journals. Data were searched from the time period of January 1990 to October 2016. A modified Coleman Methodology Score system was used to assess the methodologic quality of the included studies...
January 4, 2018: Knee Surgery & related Research
Jong-Uk Mun, Hyung Rae Cho, Young Soon Choi, Young Uk Kim
RATIONALE: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a chronic joint degenerative disease. Intra-articular injection (IAI) of hyaluronic acid (HA) is widely used to treat KOA. However, some HA injections have no effect at all. Polynucleotides (PN) are recently noted as a valid substitute for HA. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 61-year-old female was admitted to the pain center with symptoms of pain over the knee and warmth feeling with stiffness in the left knee. The patient reported chronic severe pain in the left knee area despite 6 times IAI of HA...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
O-Sung Lee, Yong Seuk Lee
BACKGROUND: The effect of referencing system on posterior condylar offset (PCO) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is still controversial. Moreover, there is a lack of concern about the anterior flange-bone contact according to the referencing system. METHODS: One hundred four TKAs using the anterior referencing (AR) system and 107 TKAs using the posterior referencing (PR) system were analyzed with 2-year follow-up. The PCO, PCO ratio (PCOR), and contact at the anterior flange-bone interface were compared between the 2 groups...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
G Bugelli, F Ascione, G Dell'Osso, V Zampa, S Giannotti
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to follow morphological imaging characteristics and osteointegration of TruFit(®) bone graft substitute (BGS) plugs in cases of chondral and osteochondral defects of the articular surface of the knee joint, using high-quality cartilage-sensitive 3-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), linked to clinical outcomes. METHODS: The MRI was used to assess osteointegration and biological evolution of the TruFit(®) BGS plugs in cases with minimum 5-year follow-up: The TruFit(®) plug was used in 46 patients for a total of 47 cases with mean age of 57...
November 21, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
Tao Guo, Xiaobin Tian, Bo Li, Tianfu Yang, Yubao Li
BACKGROUND: This study sought to prepare a new PVA/n-HA/PA66 composite to investigate the repair of articular cartilage and subchondral defects in rabbit knee joints. METHODS: A 5 × 5 × 5 mm-sized defect was created in the patellofemoral joints of 72 healthy adult New Zealand rabbits. The rabbits were then randomly divided into three groups (n = 24): PVA/n-HA+PA66 group, polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) group, and control (untreated) group. Cylindrical PVA/n-HA+PA66, 5 × 5 mm, comprised an upper PVA layer and a lower n-HA+PA66 layer...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Yoshinori Haizuka, Miki Nagase, Satoshi Takashino, Yasushi Kobayashi, Yoshihisa Fujikura, George Matsumura
The development of formalin-free fixatives is an urgent issue in gross anatomy because of the health hazard and the tissue-hardening actions of formalin. We recently identified the fixative, antimicrobial, and preservative effects of N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone (NVP), a precursor of the water-soluble macromolecular polymer polyvinylpyrrolidone, in animal experiments. The aim of the present study is to investigate whether NVP solution can be used as an alternative to formalin in human cadaveric dissection. Twelve donated cadavers were infused with NVP via the femoral and common carotid arteries using a peristaltic pump...
January 2018: Clinical Anatomy
Trevor F Grieco, Adrija Sharma, Garett M Dessinger, Harold E Cates, Richard D Komistek
BACKGROUND: The bicruciate stabilized (BCS) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) features asymmetrical bearing geometry and dual substitution for the anterior cruciate ligament and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL). Previous TKA designs have not fully replicated normal knee motion, and they are characterized by lower magnitudes of overall rollback and axial rotation than the normal knee. METHODS: In vivo kinematics were derived for 10 normal knees and 40-second generation BCS TKAs all implanted by a single surgeon...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
Ryohei Takeuchi, Jung Woon-Hwa, Hiroyuki Ishikawa, Yuichiro Yamaguchi, Katsunari Osawa, Yasushi Akamatsu, Koichi Kuroda
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the mechanical fixation strengths of anteromedial and medial plate positions in osteotomy, and clarify the effects of bone substitute placement into the osteotomy site. METHODS: Twenty-eight sawbone tibia models were used. Four different models were prepared: Group A, the osteotomy site was open and the plate position was anteromedial; Group B, bone substitutes were inserted into the osteotomy site and the plate position was anteromedial; Group C, the osteotomy site was open and the plate position was medial; and Group D, bone substitutes were inserted into the osteotomy site and the plate position was medial...
December 2017: Knee
Naoki Seito, Tomohiro Onodera, Yasuhiko Kasahara, Eiji Kondo, Norimasa Iwasaki, Tokifumi Majima
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the preoperative knee deformity/kinematic pattern and the postoperative knee kinematic pattern in posterior cruciate ligament substituting (PS)-total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: This study involved 39 patients with medial osteoarthritis who underwent a primary PS-TKA using a computed-tomography-based navigation system. All the operations were performed by a single surgeon using a subvastus approach, modified gap technique and the same PS type of prosthesis (Genesis II™ total knee system, Smith & Nephew, Memphis, TN, USA)...
December 2017: Knee
S H Qin, B F Guo, X J Zheng, S F Jiao, H T Xia, A M Peng, Q Pan, J C Zang, Z J Wang
Objective: To discuss the clinical application and effects of domestic external fixator in the treatment of patients with malformations of limbs. Methods: A total of 7 289 patients with malformation of limbs who had been operated in Qin Sihe orthopedic surgery team from January 1989 to June 2016 were retrospective analyzed. The patients were treated with domestic external fixator, including 4 033 males and 3 256 females, aging from 2 to 82 years with a mean age of 23.4 years. There were 2 732 patients using Ilizarov external fixator, 4 713 patients using hybrid external fixator, 57 patients using monobrachial external fixator, 232 patients using Ilizarov external fixator and hybrid external fixator...
September 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"