keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

caspofungin

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445920/phylogenetic-diversity-and-in-vitro-susceptibility-profiles-of-human-pathogenic-members-of-the-fusarium-fujikuroi-species-complex-isolated-from-south-india
#1
Ananya Tupaki-Sreepurna, Vijayakishore Thanneru, Sangeetha Natarajan, Savitri Sharma, Anjana Gopi, Murugan Sundaram, Anupma Jyoti Kindo
Availability of molecular methods, gene sequencing, and phylogenetic species recognition have led to rare fungi being recognized as opportunistic pathogens. Fungal keratitis and onychomycosis are fairly common mycoses in the tropics, especially among outdoor workers and enthusiasts. The frequently isolated etiological agents belong to genera Candida, Aspergillus, and Fusarium. Within the genus Fusarium, known to be recalcitrant to prolonged antifungal treatment and associated with poor outcome, members of the Fusarium solani species complex are reported to be most common, followed by members of the Fusarium oxysporum SC and the Fusarium fujikuroi SC (FFSC)...
February 14, 2018: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441986/caspofungin-infusion-solutions-50-mg-100-ml-chemical-stability-and-antifungal-activity-against-candida-spp
#2
N Pinder, L H Pelzl, G Walther, J Backhaus, O Kurzai, T Hoppe-Tichy
BACKGROUND: Ready to use caspofungin infusion bags are centrally prepared in the Hospital Pharmacy, University Hospital of Heidelberg, for economic reasons and possibly occurring problems with drug shortages. The aim of this study was a quality control of the in-house preparation of caspofungin infusion bags and the preparation process. Caspofungin concentration with regard to chemical stability and antifungal activity of caspofungin preparations were defined as quality parameters. METHODS: Three caspofungin infusion bags (50 mg in 100 mL 0...
April 1, 2017: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441283/caspofungin-resistant-disseminated-candidiasis-in-a-7-year-old-girl-with-t-cell-lymphoma-a-case-report
#3
Michael Schmalz, Manasa Joysula, Jack H Staddon, Arthur Feinberg
Immunocompromised patients are at increased risk of disseminated candidiasis. Guidelines for the treatment of invasive candidiasis were last published in 2009, but resistance to the recommended treatment has recently been described in the literature. Here we present the case of an immunocompromised child with T-cell lymphoma who died secondary to disseminated candidiasis despite prolonged antifungal therapy. Awareness of the increasing resistance patterns of Candida when caring for immunocompromised patients, especially pediatric patients, may improve treatment and create better patient outcomes...
January 2018: Translational Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438132/successful-combination-therapy-of-liposomal-amphotericin-b-and-caspofungin-for-disseminated-fusariosis-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#4
Suguru Uemura, Akihiro Tamura, Nobuyuki Yamamoto, Atsuro Saito, Sayaka Nakamura, Takahiro Fujiwara, Teppei Tahara, Aiko Kozaki, Kenji Kishimoto, Toshiaki Ishida, Daiichiro Hasegawa, Yasunori Muraosa, Katsuhiko Kamei, Yoshiyuki Kosaka
Disseminated fusariosis is a fatal infection in immunocompromised hosts. However, the optimal antifungal treatment for disseminated fusariosis has not yet been established. We report a case of disseminated fusariosis after chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia, presenting with multiple skin, lung, and kidney lesions and cerebrospinal fluid invasion. The combination therapy of liposomal amphotericin B and caspofungin resolved disseminated fusariosis successfully.
February 12, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427422/relative-abundance-of-candida-albicans-and-candida-glabrata-in-in-vitro-co-culture-biofilms-impacts-biofilm-structure-and-formation
#5
Michelle L Olson, Arul Jayaraman, Katy C Kao
Candida is a member of the normal human microbiota and often resides on mucosal surfaces such as the oral cavity or the gastrointestinal tract. In addition to their commensality, Candida species can opportunistically become pathogenic if the host microbiota is disrupted or if the host immune system becomes compromised. An important factor for Candida pathogenesis is its ability to form biofilm communities. The two most medically important species - Candida albicans and Candida glabrata - are often co-isolated from infection sites, suggesting the importance of Candida co-culture biofilms...
February 2, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420801/in-vitro-effects-of-promethazine-on-cell-morphology-and-structure-and-mitochondrial-activity-of-azole-resistant-candida-tropicalis
#6
Raimunda Sâmia Nogueira Brilhante, Jonathas Sales de Oliveira, Antonio José de Jesus Evangelista, Vandbergue Santos Pereira, Lucas Pereira Alencar, Débora de Souza Collares Maia Castelo-Branco, Lília Maria Carneiro Câmara, Reginaldo Gonçalves de Lima-Neto, Rossana de Aguiar Cordeiro, José Júlio Costa Sidrim, Marcos Fábio Gadelha Rocha
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of promethazine on the antifungal minimum inhibitory concentrations against planktonic cells and mature biofilms of Candida tropicalis, as well as investigate its potential mechanisms of cell damage against this yeast species. Three C. tropicalis isolates (two azole-resistant and one azole-susceptible) were evaluated for their planktonic and biofilm susceptibility to promethazine alone and in combination with itraconazole, fluconazole, voriconazole, amphotericin B, and caspofungin...
October 9, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416360/clinical-characteristics-of-the-first-cases-of-invasive-candidiasis-in-china-due-to-pan-echinocandin-resistant-candida-tropicalis-and-candida-glabrata-isolates-with-delineation-of-their-resistance-mechanisms
#7
Meng Xiao, Xin Fan, Xin Hou, Sharon Ca Chen, He Wang, Fanrong Kong, Zi-Yong Sun, Yun-Zhuo Chu, Ying-Chun Xu
Echinocandin antifungal agents have become the first-line therapy for invasive candidiasis (IC) in many countries. Despite their increasing use, resistance to this class of drug is, overall, still uncommon. Here, we report two patients from the People's Republic of China with IC, one with infection caused by pan-echinocandin-resistant Candida tropicalis and the other by pan-echinocandin-resistant Candida glabrata. We also describe the mechanisms of drug resistance of these isolates. The echinocandin-resistant C...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399131/efficacy-of-caspofungin-combined-with-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-as-first-line-therapy-to-treat-non-hiv-patients-with-severe-pneumocystis-pneumonia
#8
Gensheng Zhang, Miaomiao Chen, Shufang Zhang, Hongwei Zhou, Xiaozhen Ji, Jiachang Cai, Tianzheng Lou, Wei Cui, Ning Zhang
Combined treatment with caspofungin and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMZ) as salvage therapy in non-HIV positive patients with severe pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) yields poor outcomes. It remains unknown whether the use of this combination strategy as a first-line therapy would improve patient outcomes. The present study aimed to assess the efficacy of caspofungin combined with TMP/SMZ as a first-line therapy in non-HIV positive patients with severe PCP. A retrospective cohort study was conducted between March 2016 and February 2017...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389883/photodynamic-inactivation-potentiates-the-susceptibility-of-antifungal-agents-against-the-planktonic-and-biofilm-cells-of-candida-albicans
#9
Mu-Ching Huang, Mandy Shen, Yi-Jhen Huang, Hsiao-Chi Lin, Chin-Tin Chen
Photodynamic inactivation (PDI) has been shown to be a potential treatment modality against Candida infection. However, limited light penetration might leave some cells alive and undergoing regrowth. In this study, we explored the possibility of combining PDI and antifungal agents to enhance the therapeutic efficacy of Candida albicans and drug-resistant clinical isolates. We found that planktonic cells that had survived toluidine blue O (TBO)-mediated PDI were significantly susceptible to fluconazole within the first 2 h post PDI...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389586/evaluation-of-synergistic-anticandidal-and-apoptotic-effects-of-ferulic-acid-and-caspofungin-against-candida-albicans
#10
Zerrin Canturk
This study aimed to investigate the synergy between anticandidal and apoptotic effects of ferulic acid and caspofungin against Candida albicans and Candida glabrata, with the help of a quantitative checkerboard microdilution assay using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) as a viability dye. Apoptotic effects of caspofungin and ferulic acid concentrations (alone and combined) were analyzed for C. albicans and C. glabrata based on annexin V-propidium iodide binding capacities using flow cytometric analysis...
January 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383574/a-fatal-case-of-candida-auris-and-candida-tropicalis-candidemia-in-neutropenic-patient
#11
Ratna Mohd Tap, Teck Choon Lim, Nur Amalina Kamarudin, Stephanie Jane Ginsapu, Mohd Fuat Abd Razak, Norazah Ahmad, Fairuz Amran
We report a fatal case of Candida auris that was involved in mixed candidemia with Candida tropicalis, isolated from the blood of a neutropenic patient. Identification of both isolates was confirmed by amplification and sequencing of internal transcribed spacer and D1/D2 domain of large subunit in rRNA gene. Antifungal susceptibility test by E-test method revealed that C. auris was resistant to amphotericin B, anidulafungin, caspofungin, fluconazole, itraconazole and voriconazole. On the other hand, C. tropicalis was sensitive to all antifungal tested...
January 30, 2018: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371545/mic-distributions-and-evaluation-of-fungicidal-activity-for-amphotericin-b-itraconazole-voriconazole-posaconazole-and-caspofungin-and-20-species-of-pathogenic-filamentous-fungi-determined-using-the-clsi-broth-microdilution-method
#12
Andrew M Borman, Mark Fraser, Michael D Palmer, Adrien Szekely, Marian Houldsworth, Zoe Patterson, Elizabeth M Johnson
For filamentous fungi (moulds), species-specific interpretive breakpoints and epidemiological cut-off values (ECVs) have only been proposed for a limited number of fungal species-antifungal agent combinations, with the result that clinical breakpoints are lacking for most emerging mould pathogens. In the current study, we have compiled minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) data for 4869 clinical mould isolates and present full MIC distributions for amphotericin B, itraconazole, voriconazole, posaconazole, and caspofungin with these isolates which comprise 20 species/genera...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371065/three-cases-of-candida-fermentati-fungemia-following-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#13
Kiyomi Morita, Akira Honda, Junji Koya, Kazuhiro Toyama, Ikeda Mahoko, Yoshiki Misawa, Shu Okugawa, Fumihiko Nakamura, Kyoji Moriya, Mineo Kurokawa
Bloodstream infection with non-Candida albicans Candida species is one of the serious complications among patients with hematological malignancies who receive long-term prophylactic antifungal agents. Here we describe three cases of Candida fermentati (C. fermentati) candidemia after allogeneic stem cell transplantation for hematological malignancies. Case 1 is fluconazole-breakthrough C. fermentati fungemia, which was well controlled with liposomal amphotericin B. Case 2 and 3 were caspofungin-breakthrough C...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364548/efficacy-of-micafungin-for-the-treatment-of-invasive-candidiasis-and-candidaemia-in-patients-with-neutropenia
#14
Pranatharthi Chandrasekar, Bhawna Sirohi, Nita L Seibel, Jack W Hsu, Nkechi Azie, Chunzhang Wu, Markus Ruhnke
Neutropenia is linked to the development of invasive candidiasis/candidaemia, for which micafungin has demonstrated efficacy, but evidence in patients with neutropenia is limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of micafungin for the treatment of invasive candidiasis/candidaemia in patients with neutropenia (<500 neutrophils/μL) and without neutropenia. This pooled, post hoc analysis of 2 Phase 3 trials compared micafungin 100 mg/d (adults) and 2 mg/kg/d (paediatrics) with L-AmB 3 mg/kg/d (NCT00106288) and micafungin 100 mg/d and 150 mg/d with caspofungin 70 mg/d followed by 50 mg/d (adults) (NCT00105144); treatment duration 2-4 weeks (≤8 weeks for chronic disseminated candidiasis)...
January 24, 2018: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354778/the-efficacy-of-gaseous-ozone-against-different-forms-of-candida-albicans
#15
M Zargaran, M Fatahinia, A Zarei Mahmoudabadi
Background and Purpose: Ozone is an inorganic molecule with effective antimicrobial properties. Clinical treatment of ozonated water was used for the elimination of Candidaalbicans, Enterococcus faecalis, endotoxins, and biofilms from root canals. In addition, its therapeutic effects for tinea pedis, ulcers, and leishmaniasis were investigated. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the fungicidal effects of ozone on different forms of C. albicans. In addition, antifungal susceptibility profile of strains was assessed before and after exposure to ozone...
June 2017: Advances in Medical Mycology (Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345117/candida-auris-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-current-updates-on-an-emerging-multidrug-resistant-pathogen
#16
John Osei Sekyere
From 2009, Candida auris has emerged as a multidrug-resistant ascomycete yeast pathogen with the capacity for easy transmission between patients and hospitals, as well as persistence on environmental surfaces. Its association with high mortalities, breakthrough and persistent candidaemia, inconsistencies in susceptibility testing results, misidentification by available commercial identification systems and treatment failure, complicates its management and detection. Within the last nine years, C. auris has been increasingly reported from far-Eastern Asia, the Middle East, Africa, Europe, South and North America with substantial fatalities and misidentification...
January 18, 2018: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311198/fungal-peritonitis-caused-by-rhodotorula-mucilaginosa-in-a-capd-patient-treated-with-liposomal-amphotericin-b-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Frédéric Franconieri, Julie Bonhomme, Aline Doriot, Cécile Bonnamy, Maxence Ficheux, Thierry Lobbedez, Clémence Béchade
Rhodotorula mucilaginosa is a ubiquitous yeast that may cause serious peritoneal dialysis (PD) infections. A 70-year-old man receiving continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) for 6 months presented with a PD infection caused by Rhodotorula mucilaginosa The patient was treated with intravenous liposomal amphotericin B. His peritoneal catheter was simultaneously removed and reinserted. To date, only 10 cases of Rhodotorula CAPD infections have been reported. Catheters, corticoids, cancer, and previous antibiotic therapy were the main risk factors for these infections...
January 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304211/we-can-do-better-a-fresh-look-at-echinocandin-dosing
#18
Justin C Bader, Sujata M Bhavnani, David R Andes, Paul G Ambrose
First-line antifungal therapies are limited to azoles, polyenes and echinocandins, the former two of which are associated with high occurrences of severe treatment-emergent adverse events or frequent drug interactions. Among antifungals, echinocandins present a unique value proposition given their lower rates of toxic events as compared with azoles and polyenes. However, with the emergence of echinocandin-resistant Candida species and the fact that a pharmacometric approach to the development of anti-infective agents was not a mainstream practice at the time these agents were developed, we question whether echinocandins are being dosed optimally...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290374/physical-compatibility-of-meropenem-and-vaborbactam-with-select-intravenous-drugs-during-simulated-y-site-administration
#19
James M Kidd, Lindsay M Avery, Tomefa E Asempa, David P Nicolau, Joseph L Kuti
PURPOSE: Meropenem/vaborbactam is a novel intravenous antibiotic combining the carbapenem, meropenem, with a novel β-lactamase inhibitor, vaborbactam. Meropenem/vaborbactam is administered as a 3-hour infusion given every 8 hours, thereby potentially restricting an intravenous line for 9 h/d. Intravenous medications may be given concurrently via Y-site when compatibility data are available. Herein, physical compatibility was determined for the identification which medications can be coadministered with meropenem/vaborbactam via Y-site...
December 28, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283878/occupational-cns-aspergillosis-in-an-immunocompetent-individual-a-diagnostic-challange
#20
Parul Punia, Nidhi Goel, Ishwar Singh, Uma Chaudhary
INTRODUCTION: Immunocompetent individuals are rarely affected by Aspergillus species and its prime importance lies in immunocompromised patients where it can cause disease, ranging from primarily pulmonary infections to dissemination anywhere in the body. Invasive aspergillosis (IA) occurs in patients with risk factors including prolonged neutropenia, neutrophil dysfunction, patient on cytotoxic drugs, steroid therapy, hematological malignancy, AIDS or in patients with bone marrow transplantation...
December 28, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
keyword
keyword
54692
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"