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Pancreas alone transplantation

Hugo Bonatti, Costi D Sifri, Clara Larcher, Stefan Schneeberger, Camille Kotton, Christian Geltner
BACKGROUND: Solid organ transplantation (SOT) frequently is complicated by cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections. Cidofovir (CDV) is active against CMV, including many ganciclovir (GCV)-resistant mutants, but often is considered to be too nephrotoxic for use after organ transplantation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seven males and two females (median age 50.1 years), including two kidney/pancreas, four lung, one small bowel, and two hand recipients, received CDV for refractory CMV disease...
November 16, 2016: Surgical Infections
Jørn Petter Lindahl, Richard John Massey, Anders Hartmann, Svend Aakhus, Knut Endresen, Anne Günther, Karsten Midtvedt, Hallvard Holdaas, Torbjørn Leivestad, Rune Horneland, Ole Øyen, Trond Jenssen
BACKGROUND: In recipients with type 1 diabetes, we aimed to determine whether long-term normoglycemia achieved by successful simultaneous pancreas and kidney (SPK) transplantation could beneficially affect progression of coronary artery disease (CAD) when compared with transplantation of a kidney-alone from a living donor (LDK). METHODS: In 42 kidney transplant recipients with functioning grafts who had received either SPK (n = 25) or LDK (n = 17), we studied angiographic progression of CAD between baseline (pretransplant) and follow-up at 7 years or older...
June 1, 2016: Transplantation
E J Sharples, S M Mittal, P J Friend
Whole-organ pancreas transplantation, either alone or combined with a kidney transplant, is the only definitive treatment for many patients with type 1 diabetes that restores normal glucose homoeostasis and insulin independence. Pancreas transplantation delays, or potentially prevents, secondary diabetes complications and is associated with improvement in patient survival when compared with either patients remaining on the waiting list or those receiving kidney transplant alone. Pancreas transplantation is safe and effective, with 1-year patient survival >97 % and graft survival rates of 85 % at 1 year and 76 % at 5 years in recent UK data...
June 10, 2016: Acta Diabetologica
Angelika C Gruessner, Rainer W G Gruessner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pancreas transplantation provides the only proven method to restore long-term normoglycemia in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Although many studies describe the most important risk factors for short-term survival of a pancreas transplant, more information about factors that distinguish short-term from long-term graft function is needed. RECENT FINDINGS: Analysis of 21 328 pancreas transplants from the International Pancreas Transplant Registry, performed from 1984 to 2009 (minimum 5-year follow-up), shows a significant improvement in long-term patient survival and pancreas graft function...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
R J Stratta, A C Gruessner, J S Odorico, J A Fridell, R W G Gruessner
In the past decade, the annual number of pancreas transplantations performed in the United States has steadily declined. From 2004 to 2011, the overall number of simultaneous pancreas-kidney (SPK) transplantations in the United States declined by 10%, whereas the decreases in pancreas after kidney (PAK) and pancreas transplant alone (PTA) procedures were 55% and 34%, respectively. Paradoxically, this has occurred in the setting of improvements in graft and patient survival outcomes and transplanting higher-risk patients...
September 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
D Chiari, M Bissolati, P G Gazzetta, G Guarneri, D Tomanin, P Maffi, A Secchi, R Rosati, C Socci
INTRODUCTION: The gap between the number of diabetic patients on the waiting list for transplantation and the number of pancreas donors is growing and it is mandatory to extend criteria for donor eligibility. Several reports showed the feasibility of pancreas transplantation from pediatric donors with comparable outcomes to adult donors in terms of long-term β-cell function. However, there is no consensus about donor age and weight limits. CASE REPORT: We present two cases of pancreas transplantation alone (PTA) from very small pediatric donors: a 2-year-old female (weight 13 kg, height 88 cm) and a 6-year-old male (weight 29 kg, height 122 cm)...
March 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Shruti Mittal, Pratik Choudhary, Chris Callaghan, Rachel Hilton, Martin Drage
Chronic conditions have largely replaced opportunistic infections as the leading causes of mortality in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Pancreas transplantation alone can be performed for people with difficult to manage diabetes associated with severe hypoglycaemic unawareness. For carefully selected patients, pancreas transplantation alone has the potential to dramatically improve quality and quantity of life. Historically, HIV was considered a contraindication to transplantation; however, today renal transplantation for people with end-stage kidney disease and HIV infection is increasingly common...
April 20, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Robert J Stratta, Jonathan A Fridell, Angelika C Gruessner, Jon S Odorico, Rainer W G Gruessner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the past decade, the annual number of pancreas transplants performed in the United States has steadily declined. The purpose of this review is to discuss the multifactorial nature of this decline. RECENT FINDINGS: In 2014, only 954 pancreas transplants were performed in the United States. From 2004 to 2011, the annual number of simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplants in the United States declined by 10%, whereas the corresponding annual decreases in pancreas after kidney and pancreas transplants alone were 55 and 34%, respectively...
August 2016: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
Long Jin, Sun Woo Lim, Jian Jin, Byung Ha Chung, Chul Woo Yang
The guideline for the management of new-onset diabetes after transplantation recommends metformin (MET) as a first-line drug, and addition of a second-line drug is needed to better control of hyperglycemia. We tested the effect of addition of a dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) inhibitor to MET on sirolimus (SRL)-induced diabetes mellitus (DM). In animal model of SRL-induced DM, MET treatment improved pancreatic islet function (blood glucose level and insulin secretion) and attenuated oxidative stress and apoptotic cell death...
August 2016: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
Peter Schenker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
Angelika C Gruessner, Rainer W G Gruessner
This report is an update of pancreas and kidney transplant activities in the US and non-US region in two periods, 2005-2009 and 2010-2014. The aim of the report was to analyze transplant progress and success in the US compared to non-US countries, and to compare trends between the two periods. Between 2005-2009 and 2010-2014, the number of US pancreas transplants declined by over 20%, while the overall number of pancreas transplants performed outside the US has increased. The decline in US numbers is predominantly due to the decline in primary and secondary pancreas after kidney transplants (PAK)...
2016: Review of Diabetic Studies: RDS
Chris W Viesselmann, Jillian L Descourouez, Margaret R Jorgenson, Nancy A Radke, Jon S Odorico
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical significance of clotrimazole troche discontinuation on tacrolimus trough levels and risk of allograft rejection after pancreas transplantation. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Academic medical center. PATIENTS: Sixty-five pancreas transplant recipients (simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplants [39 patients], pancreas after kidney transplants [4 patients], and pancreas transplant alone [22 patients]) who were discharged after transplantation receiving a maintenance immunosuppressive regimen of tacrolimus, mycophenolate, and prednisone, and a clotrimazole troche to prevent oral mucosal candidiasis; per protocol, the clotrimazole troche was discontinued at 3 months after transplantation...
March 2016: Pharmacotherapy
Joseph R Scalea, Robert R Redfield, Emre Arpali, Glen Leverson, Hans W Sollinger, Dixon B Kaufman, Jon S Odorico
Pancreas transplant outcomes have progressively improved. Despite this, some centers have continued to employ historical age limits for pancreas transplant candidates. We sought to determine the importance of chronological age in determining patient and graft survival rates after pancreas transplantation. A single-center, retrospective study of adult, deceased donor simultaneous pancreas and kidney (SPK) and solitary pancreas transplants (SP, including pancreas transplant alone and pancreas after kidney transplants) in recipients ≥ 55 years (55 + ), occurring between July 1, 1999, and June 30, 2012, was performed...
July 2016: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
J Y Choi, J H Jung, H Kwon, S Shin, Y H Kim, D J Han
Living donor pancreas transplantation (LDPT) has several advantages over deceased donor pancreas transplantation (DDPT), including better HLA matching, shorter ischemic time, and shorter waiting time. It remains an attractive option for diabetes mellitus (DM) patients with end stage renal disease. We reviewed 20 cases of LDPT performed in Asan Medical Center between October 1992 and March 2015. Six cases (30%) were pancreas transplantation alone (PTA), and the rest (70%) were simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation (SPK)...
August 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
Nadja Niclauss, Raphael Meier, Benoît Bédat, Ekaterine Berishvili, Thierry Berney
Pancreas and islet transplantation are 2 types of beta-cell replacement therapies for type 1 diabetes mellitus. Since 1966, when pancreas transplantation was first performed, it has evolved to become a highly efficient procedure with high success rates, thanks to advances in surgical technique and immunosuppression. Pancreas transplantation is mostly performed as simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation in patients with end-stage nephropathy secondary to diabetes. In spite of its efficiency, pancreas transplantation is still a major surgical procedure burdened by high morbidity, which called for the development of less invasive and hazardous ways of replacing beta-cell function in the past...
2016: Endocrine Development
June Fabian, Heather Maher, Alison Bentley, Petra Gaylard, Kim Crymble, Belinda Rossi, Lou Aucamp, Errol Gottlich, Jerome Loveland, J Rene Botha, Jean Botha, Russell Britz
BACKGROUND: It is important for centres participating in transplantation in South Africa (SA) to audit their outcomes. Wits Donald Gordon Medical Centre (WDGMC), Johannesburg, SA, opened a transplant unit in 2004. The first 10 years of kidney and pancreas transplantation were reviewed to determine outcomes in respect of recipient and graft survival. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of all kidney-alone and simultaneous kidney-pancreas (SKP) transplants performed at WDGMC from 1 January 2004 to 31 December 2013, with follow-up to 31 December 2014 to ensure at least 1 year of survival data...
February 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
J Gottlieb, W Gwinner, C P Strassburg
Donor organs for transplantations are a scarce commodity; therefore, allocation systems are needed that guarantee an ethically acceptable distribution to patients on the waiting list (equal treatment and fairness) but also take the probability of survival of the transplant in each recipient into consideration. In this article the allocation systems for lung, liver, kidney and pancreas transplants are presented.For lung transplantations an allocation system based on the lung allocation score (LAS) is currently used...
January 2016: Der Internist
Jørn P Lindahl, Anders Hartmann, Svend Aakhus, Knut Endresen, Karsten Midtvedt, Hallvard Holdaas, Torbjørn Leivestad, Rune Horneland, Ole Øyen, Trond Jenssen
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Mortality due to cardiovascular disease (CVD), particularly coronary artery disease (CAD), is high in type 1 diabetic patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We aimed to determine whether normoglycaemia, as achieved by successful simultaneous pancreas and kidney (SPK) transplantation, could improve long-term outcomes compared with living donor kidney-alone (LDK) transplantation. METHODS: We studied 486 type 1 diabetic patients with ESRD who underwent a first SPK (n = 256) or LDK (n = 230) transplant between 1983 and 2012 and were followed to the end of 2014...
April 2016: Diabetologia
Inbal Samuk, Akin Tekin, Panagiotis Tryphonopoulos, Ignacio G Pinto, Jennifer Garcia, Debbie Weppler, David M Levi, Seigo Nishida, Gennaro Selvaggi, Phillip Ruiz, Andreas G Tzakis, Rodrigo Vianna
PURPOSE: To present our experience in abdominal transplantations to manage unresectable abdominal neoplasms in children and to describe the role of extensive surgeries in such cases. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 22 abdominal transplantations in 21 patients for abdominal tumors over 16 years. Transplantation techniques included liver transplant (LT), multivisceral transplant (MVTx), and intestinal autotransplant (IA). Follow-up intervals ranged from 0...
April 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes mellitus is caused by the autoimmune destruction of pancreatic beta (β) cells, resulting in severe insulin deficiency. Islet transplantation is a β-cell replacement therapeutic option that aims to restore glycemic control in patients with type 1 diabetes. The objective of this study was to determine the clinical effectiveness of islet transplantation in patients with type 1 diabetes, with or without kidney disease. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of the literature on islet transplantation for type 1 diabetes, including relevant health technology assessments, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and observational studies...
2015: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
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