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HIV malaria family medicine

Kazhila C Chinsembu
Faced with critical shortages of staff, long queues, and stigma at public health facilities in Livingstone, Zambia, persons who suffer from HIV/AIDS-related diseases use medicinal plants to manage skin infections, diarrhoea, sexually transmitted infections, tuberculosis, cough, malaria, and oral infections. In all, 94 medicinal plant species were used to manage HIV/AIDS-related diseases. Most remedies are prepared from plants of various families such as Combretaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, and Lamiaceae. More than two-thirds of the plants (mostly leaves and roots) are utilized to treat two or more diseases related to HIV infection...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Jérémie Ngezahayo, François Havyarimana, Léonard Hari, Caroline Stévigny, Pierre Duez
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Infectious diseases represent a serious and worldwide public health problem. They lead to high mortality, especially in non-developed countries. In Burundi, the most frequent infectious diseases are skin and respiratory (mainly in children) infections, diarrhea, added to malaria, HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis. Local population used mostly traditional herbal medicines, sometimes animal and mineral substances, to fight against these plagues. OBJECTIVES: To survey in different markets and herbal shops in Bujumbura city, medicinal plants sold to treat microbial infections, with particular emphasis on the different practices of traditional healers (THs) regarding plant parts used, methods of preparation and administration, dosage and treatment duration...
September 15, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
O S Olorunnisola, A Adetutu, E A Balogun, A J Afolayan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Malaria infection is the second largest killer disease after HIV in Nigeria. Failure of the orthodox medications due to drug adulteration, high cost of procurement of antimalarial drugs and inconvenience experienced in the use of high dosage of the new antimalarial drug combination therapy has turned the attention of the people in the world towards the use of local herbs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used by the indigenous people of Ogbomoso for the treatment of malaria infection was conducted...
October 28, 2013: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Mainen J Moshi, Donald F Otieno, Anke Weisheit
BACKGROUND: The Kagera region of north western Tanzania has a rich culture of traditional medicine use and practice. Traditional medicines are the mainstay of healthcare in this region and are known to support the management of many illnesses such as malaria, bacterial infections, epilepsy, gynecological problems and others. However, most of the plants being used have either not been documented or evaluated for safety and efficacy or both. This study, the sixth of an ongoing series, reports on the medicinal plants that are used at Kikuku village, Muleba District...
2012: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Simplice D Karou, Tchadjobo Tchacondo, Denise P Ilboudo, Jacques Simpore
Rubiaceae family is a large family of 630 genera and about 13000 species found worldwide, especially in tropical and warm regions. These plants are not only ornamental but they are also used in African folk medicine to treat several diseases. Based on online published data and library bibliographic research, we herein reported accumulated information related to their traditional usages in sub-Saharan traditional medicine, their chemical composition and the screened pharmacological activities. Indeed, more than 60 species are used for more than 70 medicinal indications including malaria, hepatitis, eczema, oedema, cough, hypertension, diabetes and sexual weakness...
February 1, 2011: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
Noushin Aminimoghadamfarouj, Alireza Nematollahi, Christophe Wiart
One of the rich sources of lead compounds is the Angiosperms. Many of these lead compounds are useful medicines naturally, whereas others have been used as the basis for synthetic agents. These are potent and effective compounds, which have been obtained from plants, including anti-cancer (cytotoxic) agents, anti-malaria (anti-protozoal) agents, and anti-bacterial agents. Today, the number of plant families that have been extensively studied is relatively very few and the vast majorities have not been studied at all...
May 2011: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Kazhila C Chinsembu, Marius Hedimbi
Katima Mulilo has the highest burden of HIV/AIDS in Namibia. Due to several constraints of the antiretroviral therapy programme, HIV-infected persons still use ethnomedicines to manage AIDS-related opportunistic infections. Despite the reliance on plants to manage HIV/AIDS in Katima Mulilo, there have been no empirical studies to document the specific plant species used by traditional healers to treat AIDS-related opportunistic infections. In this study, an ethnobotanical survey was conducted to record the various plant families, species, and plant parts used to manage different HIV/AIDS-related opportunistic infections in Katima Mulilo, Caprivi region, Namibia...
2010: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Lynne M Mofenson, Michael T Brady, Susie P Danner, Kenneth L Dominguez, Rohan Hazra, Edward Handelsman, Peter Havens, Steve Nesheim, Jennifer S Read, Leslie Serchuck, Russell Van Dyke
This report updates and combines into one document earlier versions of guidelines for preventing and treating opportunistic infections (OIs) among HIV-exposed and HIV-infected children, last published in 2002 and 2004, respectively. These guidelines are intended for use by clinicians and other health-care workers providing medical care for HIV-exposed and HIV-infected children in the United States. The guidelines discuss opportunistic pathogens that occur in the United States and one that might be acquired during international travel (i...
September 4, 2009: MMWR. Recommendations and Reports: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations and Reports
John M Opitz, James F Smith, Lucia Santoro
Rarely in the history of medicine has an X-linked mental retardation syndrome so thoroughly entered every branch of medicine, at least of pediatrics, but also of internal medicine, on account of its protean manifestations. In such countries as Zambia, malaria, tuberculosis, HIV, and other infections diseases, and many environmental and nutritional disorders still top the list of childhood morbidity and mortality. However, in the more developed nations of the Old and New Worlds, prematurity, birth defects, and genetic conditions constitute the major burden of infant mortality adn chronic childhood handicaps...
2008: Advances in Pediatrics
Thomas Efferth, Marta R Romero, Dana G Wolf, Thomas Stamminger, Jose J G Marin, Manfred Marschall
Traditional Chinese medicine commands a unique position among all traditional medicines because of its 5000 years of history. Our own interest in natural products from traditional Chinese medicine was triggered in the 1990s, by artemisinin-type sesquiterpene lactones from Artemisia annua L. As demonstrated in recent years, this class of compounds has activity against malaria, cancer cells, and schistosomiasis. Interestingly, the bioactivity of artemisinin and its semisynthetic derivative artesunate is even broader and includes the inhibition of certain viruses, such as human cytomegalovirus and other members of the Herpesviridae family (e...
September 15, 2008: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Karen Levin
This article provides an overview of some of the important factors that impinge on people with cerebral palsy and their families, on medical and rehabilitation personnel, and on systems of healthcare and education in South Africa. Information is provided with regard to the national contextual variables that influence intervention in the country. The incidence of cerebral palsy is related to some of the more prominent aetiological variables including poverty, malaria, HIV/Aids and premature birth. Health care systems available for children with cerebral palsy are discussed, including the role of traditional healers...
July 2006: Pediatric Rehabilitation
P A Leggat, J L Heydon, A Menon
AIMS: To investigate where general practitioners (GP's) in New Zealand view travel health advice best given and where they refer for this advice, the prevalence of travel health advice reported to be given, and the prevalence of written advice, including a doctor's letter. METHOD: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study, using self-report questionnaires, sent to 400 GPs randomly selected from the register of the New Zealand Medical Council. RESULTS: Three hundred and thirty-two GPs (83%) responded...
May 14, 1999: New Zealand Medical Journal
T K Mudiayi, A Onyanga-Omara, M L Gelman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the trends of the 10 most common diseases in the Medical Department. DESIGN: Retrospective descriptive study of patients' discharge summaries. SETTING: United Bulawayo Hospital, tertiary level hospital and referral centre for district hospitals. SUBJECTS: All patients admitted and discharged from the medical wards from 1987 to 1994, excluding all those who died. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Number of discharges, patients' origin, paying status, diagnoses, staffing levels, reasons for transfer out...
August 1997: Central African Journal of Medicine
D S Sloan
Travel medicine becomes more important with the continual expansion of international travel and the increased popularity of exotic holiday destinations. In the United Kingdom general practitioners provide the bulk of travel health advice and immunisation and there is growing interest in providing these services. While their armamentarium has been expanded with attractive but expensive new vaccines, the need for health service advice has never been more vital, with the risks of HIV infection and drug resistant malaria...
September 4, 1993: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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