keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psychiatry, psychopharmacology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832676/editorial-to-child-and-adolescence-psychopharmacology
#1
G Juckel
The editors of Pharmacopsychiatry have decided in 2016 to prepare special issues regularly in order provide our readers volumes of the journal with a thematic focus 1. The first such special issue is dedicated to the field of child and adolescent psychopharmacology. Many young patients are treated with psychotherapeutic, but also pharmacotherapeutic, methods worldwide. Most of our psychopharmacological agents are not approved by the federal institutions for persons under 18 years old. However, severe mental illnesses like schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, ADHD, and bipolar disorder frequently require pharmacological treatments in children and adolescents...
November 2016: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737474/pharmacotherapy-in-psychiatric-disorders-of-children-current-evidence-and-trends
#2
M Kölch, P L Plener
Pharmacotherapeutic interventions are available for most psychiatric disorders in children. Evidence for these interventions varies, depending on the targeted disorders. For attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, a sound database on efficacy and safety of medication exists. For other common disorders or psychopathological phenomena like disruptive behavior, anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, or autism, data on efficacy and safety are much scarcer. This selective review aims to provide an overview about current psychopharmacological interventions in child and adolescent psychiatry...
October 13, 2016: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737472/from-psychopharmacological-evidence-to-clinical-practice-unmet-needs-in-child-adolescent-psychiatry-reflections-on-k%C3%A3-lch-plener-2016
#3
M Holtmann, B G Schimmelmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670976/correctional-psychopharmacology-pitfalls-challenges-and-victories-of-prescribing-in-a-correctional-setting
#4
Tarita N Collins, Joshua B Avondoglio, Linda M Terry
Mentally ill patients are entering the criminal justice system at alarming rates, representing a significant percentage of those incarcerated. Correctional facilities are mandated to provide mental health treatment to inmates. The increasing number of inmate patients has made psychiatry an important part of institutional operations. Psychiatrists are called to provide psychopharmacological interventions to aid in the safe operation of institutions and provide effective treatment to those with mental illness...
September 27, 2016: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551945/therapeutic-drug-monitoring-as-a-measure-of-proactive-pharmacovigilance-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#5
Manfred Gerlach, Karin Egberts, Su-Yin Dang, Paul Plener, Regina Taurines, Claudia Mehler-Wex, Marcel Romanos
INTRODUCTION: Off-label or unlicensed use of psychotropic drugs is common rather than the exception in child and adolescent psychiatry. This use exposes patients to an unknown additional risk of ineffective or even harmful treatment. In addition, treatment with psychotropic drugs during a period of life when the patient undergoes marked developmental hormonal and neurobiological changes often requires different dosing regimes in later life and may result in adverse drug reactions, which are either not seen in adults at all or not in the same frequency...
August 23, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529772/off-label-prescription-of-psychopharmacological-drugs-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#6
Julie Vestergaard Braüner, Lily Manzello Johansen, Troels Roesbjerg, Anne Katrine Pagsberg
This study aimed to describe the frequency of off-label prescriptions of psychopharmacological drugs in a child and adolescent psychiatric setting. A cross-sectional study was conducted on November 1, 2014, including all inpatients and outpatients at the Mental Health Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Capital Region of Denmark, aged 0 to 17 years receiving medical treatment with antidepressants, antipsychotic agents, benzodiazepines, melatonin and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427844/psychotherapy-and-its-role-in-psychiatric-practice-a-position-paper-ii-objective-subjective-and-intersubjective-science
#7
Yakov Shapiro, Nicholas John, Rowan Scott, Nadia Tomy
In the first article in this 2-part series, we outlined a psychobiological model of psychiatric treatment and reviewed the evidence showing psychotherapy to be a form of biological intervention that induces lasting alterations in brain structure and function. In this second article, we focus on the adaptive model of psychopathology, the effectiveness of psychotherapeutic interventions, the synergistic effects of combined psychotherapy and psychopharmacology treatments, and attention to the patient's subjective experience and the doctor-patient alliance to complement an "objective" case formulation...
July 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27352209/cardiovascular-side-effects-of-psychopharmacologic-therapy
#8
REVIEW
Ines Potočnjak, Vesna Degoricija, Dina Vukičević Baudoin, Josip Čulig, Miro Jakovljević
WHO defined in 1976 psychopharmaca as drugs affecting psychological functions, behaviour and self-perception. Psychopharmacology is the study of pharmacological agents that affect mental and emotional functions. Creative approach to psychopharmacotherapy reflects a transdisciplinary, integrative and person-centered psychiatry. Psychiatric disorders often occur in cardiac patients and can affect the clinical presentation and morbidity. Cardiovascular (CV) side effects (SE) caused by psychopharmaceutic agents require comprehensive attention...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294270/-clinical-diagnosis-and-drug-therapy-of-elderly-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-restrospective-analysis-of-data-in-a-department-of-old-age-psychiatry
#9
Christian Jagsch, Gabriele Dietmaier, Maximilian Jagsch, Martin Kurz
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to survey the consistency of the clinical diagnostics and the psychopharmacological treatment of schizophrenia and delusional disorders suffered by older persons. A further aspect was to record significant clinical differences and also similarities between the patient groups in care, matching with the criteria of ICD 10 for schizophrenia (F20), persistent delusional disorders (F22) and schizoaffective disorder (F25). METHODS: Retrospective analysis with reference to the manually and electronically recorded patient medical records of an acute case care ward for geriatric psychiatry and psychotherapy...
June 2016: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27200462/combining-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-and-pharmacotherapy
#10
Jack M Gorman
Many patients with depression, anxiety disorders, and other psychiatric disorders are treated with combinations of psychodynamic psychotherapy and medication. Whether this is better than monotherapy is an empirical question that requires much more extensive research than is currently available. When medications were first introduced to treat psychiatric illnesses, some psychopharmacologists insisted that it heralded a new area of "biological psychiatry" that would ultimately render psychotherapy obsolete. Psychodynamic theorists and practitioners, on the other hand, argued that psychopharmacology offered only a superficial approach to treatment...
2016: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27161101/clonidine-use-in-psychiatry-panacea-or-panache
#11
Ahmed Naguy
Clonidine, an alpha agonist, formally prescribed in clinical medicine as antihypertensive medication, is currently being used more frequently to address a multitude of psychiatric entities. The long-acting formulation is approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use in treating the attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. In addition to this only legitimate indication, it has long been used successfully for opiate detoxification, post-traumatic stress disorder and de la Tourette syndrome. Moreover, clonidine helps in the treatment of neuroleptic-induced akathisia, stimulant-induced insomnia and clozapine-induced sialorrhea...
2016: Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27128785/common-factors-in-pediatric-psychiatry-a-review-of-essential-and-adjunctive-mechanisms-of-treatment-outcome
#12
Alessandro S De Nadai, Marc S Karver, Tanya K Murphy, Mark A Cavitt, Jeffrey L Alvaro, Michael Bengtson, Saundra Stock, Andrew C Rakhshani, Eric A Storch
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to review the literature on hypothesized behavioral correlates of pharmacotherapy treatment response. A particular focus is placed on what have been referred to as "common factors" across mental health treatments, including medication adherence, therapeutic alliance, motivation for behavior change, and expectancies for positive treatment outcomes. These understudied factors may provide unique explanations for mechanisms of symptom change, patient risk as a result of protocol deviation, and attenuated treatment outcomes...
April 29, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27121424/the-microbiome-and-mental-health-looking-back-moving-forward-with-lessons-from-allergic-diseases
#13
REVIEW
Alan C Logan, Felice N Jacka, Jeffrey M Craig, Susan L Prescott
Relationships between gastrointestinal viscera and human emotions have been documented by virtually all medical traditions known to date. The focus on this relationship has waxed and waned through the centuries, with noted surges in interest driven by cultural forces. Here we explore some of this history and the emerging trends in experimental and clinical research. In particular, we pay specific attention to how the hygiene hypothesis and emerging research on traditional dietary patterns has helped re-ignite interest in the use of microbes to support mental health...
May 31, 2016: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27104961/precision-medicine-for-psychopharmacology-a-general-introduction
#14
Cheolmin Shin, Changsu Han, Chi-Un Pae, Ashwin A Patkar
INTRODUCTION: Precision medicine is an emerging medical model that can provide accurate diagnoses and tailored therapeutic strategies for patients based on data pertaining to genes, microbiomes, environment, family history and lifestyle. AREAS COVERED: Here, we provide basic information about precision medicine and newly introduced concepts, such as the precision medicine ecosystem and big data processing, and omics technologies including pharmacogenomics, pharamacometabolomics, pharmacoproteomics, pharmacoepigenomics, connectomics and exposomics...
July 2016: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27100844/-25-years-after-re-unification-of-germany-an-overview-on-eastern-german-psychiatry-part-1-post-war-era-pavlovization-psychopharmacological-era-and%C3%A2-social-psychiatric-reform-movement
#15
H Steinberg
This is the first of a 2-part study on the history of psychiatry in Eastern Germany, i. e. the Soviet Occupied Zone and later German Democratic Republic. It mainly covers the years post World War II up until the beginning of the 1970s. The first post-war years were determined by the new power holders' attempts to overcome National Socialist (Nazi) heritage and to re-organize mental health and care in general. The doctrine of a strict denazifization in East Germany must, however, be regarded as a myth. Promoted by centralized organization, there was an increase in communist party-ideological influence and harassment as well as aligning scientific views and research with Soviet paradigms (Pavlovization) during the 1950s and early 1960s...
April 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27067625/novel-psychopharmacological-therapies-for-psychiatric-disorders-psilocybin-and-mdma
#16
REVIEW
Michael C Mithoefer, Charles S Grob, Timothy D Brewerton
4-phosphorloxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (psilocybin) and methylenedioxymethamfetamine (MDMA), best known for their illegal use as psychedelic drugs, are showing promise as therapeutics in a resurgence of clinical research during the past 10 years. Psilocybin is being tested for alcoholism, smoking cessation, and in patients with advanced cancer with anxiety. MDMA is showing encouraging results as a treatment for refractory post-traumatic stress disorder, social anxiety in autistic adults, and anxiety associated with a life-threatening illness...
May 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26998529/perils-of-pragmatic-psychiatry-how-we-can-do-better
#17
Maju Mathew Koola, Joseph Sebastian
Etiologic and pathophysiologic understanding of psychiatric disorders is still in its early stages. The neurobiology of major psychiatric disorders has yet to be fully elucidated. Psychiatric diagnoses are often based on presenting symptoms, lacking reliability and stability. For a variety of reasons, many notable laboratory and clinical observations have not been tested in large trials. Lacking this validation, these potentially valuable practices have not been widely disseminated nor translated into real world practice...
2016: HSOA Journal of Psychiatry, Depression & Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26992908/-the-new-german-drug-market-law-amnog-from-a-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-perspective
#18
R W Dittmann
BACKGROUND: The European Union (EU) regulation 1901/2006 plus the implementation of pediatric investigational plans by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) have contributed to more clinical studies in pediatric psychopharmacology. A new drug market law (AMNOG) has been in force in Germany since 2011 that requires an additional process of assessment of benefits of newly authorized medications by the Federal Joint Committee (Gemeinsamer Bundesausschuss, G‑BA), which also holds for medications licensed for pediatric populations...
April 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26983820/-significance-of-the-german-act-on-the-reform-of-the-market-for-medicinal-products-for-psychopharmacotherapy
#19
G Gründer
The German Act on the Reform of the Market for Medicinal Products (AMNOG) will lead to rapid disappearance of many new psychotropic drugs from the market in Germany over the next few years or their not being introduced in the first place. This article lists the reasons and discusses possible solutions. In the long term, the AMNOG could not only lead to an improvement of psychopharmacology but also contribute to the development of psychiatry as a whole, especially if its standards become an international reference...
April 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26976401/evaluation-of-branched-narrative-virtual-patients-for-interprofessional-education-of-psychiatry-residents
#20
G Lucy Wilkening, Jessica M Gannon, Clint Ross, Jessica L Brennan, Tanya J Fabian, Michael J Marcsisin, Neal J Benedict
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study evaluated the utility of branched-narrative virtual patients in an interprofessional education series for psychiatry residents. METHODS: Third-year psychiatry residents attended four interprofessional education advanced psychopharmacology sessions that involved completion of a branched-narrative virtual patient and a debriefing session with a psychiatric pharmacist. Pre- and post-assessments analyzed resident learning and were administered around each virtual patient...
March 14, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
54665
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"