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Psychiatry, psychopharmacology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744988/behavioral-health-care-in-solid-organ-transplantation-in-a-pediatric-setting
#1
Katharine Thomson, Kristine McKenna, Katherine Bedard-Thomas, Melisa Oliva, Patricia Ibeziako
This study examined the demographic, medical, and psychiatric characteristics of transplant patients across organ groups seen by transplant psychology/psychiatry clinicians at a pediatric institution between 2008 and 2014. Chart reviews were conducted to better understand the behavioral health care provided to SOT patients and the role of transplant-dedicated psychology and psychiatry clinicians. Transplant psychology/psychiatry was consulted a total of 1060 times on 399 unique SOT patients over a 6-year period...
May 10, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739525/the-overall-diagnosis-psychodynamic-psychiatry-six-minute-psychotherapy-and-patient-centered-care
#2
REVIEW
Elizabeth Weinberg, David Mintz
Optimal patient care in psychiatry necessitates attention to the treatment relationship and to the patient's experience as an individual. The growth of patient-centered medicine has led to an increased appreciation of the importance of the biopsychosocial formulation, the personhood of both the patient and the physician, the autonomy and authority of the patient, and the therapeutic alliance. Patient-centered medicine, developed by the seminal psychoanalytic theorist Michael Balint, has its roots in psychodynamic concepts...
June 2018: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667795/psychopharmacology
#3
Sahil Sekhon, George Kroumpouzos, John Koo
Most dermatologists evaluate and treat patients with psychological or psychiatric issues related to their skin disease. These patients often require psychopharmacologic therapies. Therefore, it is important for dermatologists to be familiar about psychopharmacologic treatments for diseases that fit into the overlap between psychiatry and dermatology. This review aims to provide a concise overview of psychopharmacology as it applies to dermatology. Psychotropic medications commonly used in psychodermatology, including antidepressants, antipsychotics, and anxiolytics, are reviewed; safety profile and dosing recommendations are discussed...
April 18, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664808/trends-in-pharmacological-emergency-treatment-of-patients-suffering-from-schizophrenia-over-a-16-year-observation-period
#4
Monika Edlinger, Anna-Sophia Welte, Nursen Yalcin-Siedentopf, Georg Kemmler, Felix Neymeyer, W Wolfgang Fleischhacker, Alex Hofer
Patients suffering from schizophrenia are often treated in locked psychiatric units because of psychomotor agitation, hostility and aggressive behavior, or suicidality. Because of legal conditions, investigations on these acutely ill patients are difficult, and many studies do not represent 'real-life psychiatry'. This retrospective survey was conducted at the Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics of the Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria. Data were collected from the records of all adult inpatients suffering from a schizophrenia spectrum disorder according to the International Classification of Diseases, 10th ed...
April 16, 2018: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625949/optimizing-electronic-consultation-between-primary-care-providers-and-psychiatrists-mixed-methods-study
#5
Jennifer M Hensel, Rebecca Yang, Minnie Rai, Valerie H Taylor
BACKGROUND: The use of electronic consultation (e-consult) between primary care providers (PCPs) and psychiatrists has potential, given the high prevalence of mental health issues in primary care and problematic access to specialist care. Utilization and uptake, however, appears to be lower than would be expected. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine actual utilization of e-consult between PCPs and psychiatrists and investigate the perceptions of PCPs about this form of psychiatric advice to inform how to optimize the utility and thereby the uptake of this service...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616714/clinical-profile-of-inpatients-referred-to-a-consultation-liaison-psychiatry-service-an-observational-study-assessing-changes-over-a-10-yearperiod
#6
Roberto Sánchez-González, Eva Baillès-Lázaro, Anna Bastidas-Salvadó, Anna Lligoña, Sandra Herranz-Villanueva, Víctor Pérez-Solá, Luis Pintor-Pérez
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has described the characteristics of Consultation-liaison psychiatry (CLP) services over one or more years. The aim of this paper was to examine the patterns of a large sample of patients receiving CLP service over a 10-year-period (2005–2014) and to determine the possible changes over time of the clinical practice. The sample size of our study, the duration of the observation period and the application of standardized operating procedures for acquiring and coding data, will provide more robust evidence than has been reported by most similar studies published in the last years...
March 2018: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600406/-selective-mutism
#7
J Rogoll, M Petzold, A Ströhle
Selective mutism was first described in the medical literature 140 years ago. The diagnosis came into the focus of adult psychiatry with the appearance of DSM-5. Henceforth, selective mutism during infancy, adolescence and also adulthood is specified as an independent anxiety disorder. It often begins in early childhood with a kind of speechlessness in certain situations. A diagnostic clarification often only takes place after school enrolment. Very often comorbid anxiety disorders, especially social phobia and depression also occur...
March 29, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527045/reminiscences-and-reflections-on-growth-of-psychiatry-in-india
#8
Shridhar Sharma
The paper is an autobiographical account of growth of Psychiatry in India, during the last six decades. It highlights on the development of treatment modalities in psychiatry especially on psychopharmacological drugs. The establishment of general hospital psychiatry and manpower development in the field of mental health are other areas which are discussed.
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517873/-prescriptions-in-child-psychiatry-on-the-use-of-antipsychotic-drugs-for-children-and-adolescents
#9
F Mathy, A Malchair
In line with Evidence-based medicine and more recently with the emergence of Evidence-based practice in psychology, what are the current trends in medical prescriptions in child psychiatry? The use of psychotropic drugs for children and adolescents is constantly increasing, although most pharmacological prescriptions in child psychiatry result in off-label drug use. This article aims at understanding the legal and scientific framework that regulates the prescription of psychopharmacological treatments for children and adolescents...
February 2018: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480783/psychodynamic-psychiatry-in-the-21st-century-constructing-a-comprehensive-science-of-experience
#10
Yakov Shapiro
Psychodynamic psychiatry is not limited to psychotherapy practice. It is defined by systematic attention to the "common factors" underlying both psychotherapy and psychopharmacology outcomes, which include the patient's subjective systems of meaning and the complex flow of the patient-provider relationship in addition to the patient's "objective" psychopathology. It allows for a non-reductionist milieu where the meaning of the illness and the full complexity of the treatment process can be explored in order to achieve a qualitative and lasting change in the patient's psychopathology...
2018: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397661/the-present-and-future-of-precision-medicine-in-psychiatry-focus-on-clinical-psychopharmacology-of-antidepressants
#11
REVIEW
Alessandro Serretti
Precision medicine is a concept which is recently gaining momentum in all branches of medicine. In particular in psychiatry it is greatly needed given the huge societal costs of psychiatric disorders and given the long time needed to observe benefit from treatments and the response variability. The future will be based on biological determinants, however until such an interesting but still futuristic aim will be reached, at present we may only rely on clinical features to guide our individualized prescription which is currently still frequently based on personal opinion and subjective previous experiences...
February 28, 2018: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247287/-the-role-of-psychopharmacotherapy-in-the-development-of-social-psychiatry-in-germany
#12
REVIEW
H Helmchen
Early experiences and indications are reported that psychopharmacotherapy, particularly as prophylactic long-term medication for prevention of relapses, has led to an increased recognition of social determinants of the course of illness, especially in schizophrenic patients. As a result, institutions combining both social and psychopharmacological treatment have developed, e. g., in Berlin beginning with "Phönix" a transition home ("Übergangsheim") in 1956 to a catamnesis for long-term outpatient treatment of schizophrenic patients in 1957, a social service in 1960, a day and night hospital in 1962 up to a university department of social psychiatry in 1972 with a rich spectrum of facilities for a step by step rehabilitation of mentally ill patients...
January 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016377/psychopharmacology-training-for-psychiatry-residents-a-pilot-iterative-quality-improvement-project
#13
Kamini Vasudev, Akshya Vasudev, Ira D Glick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994478/treatment-of-developmental-stress-disorder-mind-body-and-brain-analysis-and-pharmacology-coupled
#14
Joseph McFadden
The schism between psychiatry, psychology and analysis, while long present, has widened even more in the past half-century with the advances in psychopharmacology. With the advances in electronic brain imaging, particularly in developmental and post-traumatic stress disorders, there has emerged both an understanding of brain changes resulting from severe, chronic stress and an ability to target brain chemistry in ways that can relieve clinical symptomatology. The use of alpha-1 adrenergic brain receptor antagonists decreases many of the manifestations of PTSD...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944045/child-psychiatry-a-scientometric-analysis-1980-2016
#15
Sadiq Naveed, Ahmed Waqas, Salman Majeed, Muhammad Zeshan, Nusrat Jahan, Muhammad Haaris Sheikh
Background: The field of child and adolescent psychiatry lags behind adult psychiatry significantly. In recent years, it has witnessed a significant increase in the publication of journals and articles. This study provides a detailed bibliometric analysis of articles published from 1980 to 2016, in the top seven journals of child and adolescent psychiatry. Methods: Using the Web of Science core collection, we selected 9,719 research papers published in seven psychiatric journals from 1980 to 2016. We utilized the Web of Science Analytics tool and Network Analysis Interface for Literature Studies (NAILS) Project scripts to delineate the general trends of publication in these journals...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922669/a-critical-commentary-on-the-2017-agnp-consensus-guidelines-for-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-in-neuropsychopharmacology
#16
Jose de Leon
In 2004, 2011, and 2017, the Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Neuropsychopharmakologie und Pharmakopsychiatrie (AGNP), a group of German-speaking psychiatric researchers and psychiatrists, published successive versions of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) expert group consensus guidelines. The 2017 version has as a major strength its encyclopedic nature, including 1358 references. The guideline has 3 major sections: 1) theoretical aspects of TDM, 2) drug concentration levels in blood to guide neuropsychopharmacotherapy, and 3) practical aspects of TDM in psychiatry and neurology...
January 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841746/-the-power-plants-of-the-cell-treatment-of-psychiatric-symptoms-in-patients-with-mitochondriopathy
#17
Sabrina Mörkl, Adelina Tmava, Claudia Blesl, Franziska Schmiedhofer, Walter E Wurm, Anna Holl, Annamaria Painold
Introduction Mitochondriopathies are pathologies of cell organelles, which are essential for the formation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which is responsible for cellular energy stock. When mitochondrial mutations occur, symptoms arise frequently in those organs that rely on a continuous energy supply, such as the nervous system. Although psychiatric illness is increasingly prevalent in patients with mitochondrial disease, less attention has been paid to its psychiatric presentations. Case Report We describe a case of a 21-year-old woman who presented in our outpatient department with panic attacks and depression...
August 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829159/early-onset-bipolar-disorder-characteristics-and-outcomes-in-the-clinic
#18
Daniel F Connor, Julian D Ford, Geraldine S Pearson, Victoria L Scranton, Asha Dusad
OBJECTIVE: To assess patient characteristics and clinician-rated outcomes for children diagnosed with early-onset bipolar disorder in comparison to a depressive disorders cohort from a single clinic site. To assess predictors of bipolar treatment response. METHODS: Medical records from 714 consecutive pediatric patients evaluated and treated at an academic tertiary child and adolescent psychiatry clinic between 2006 and 2012 were reviewed. Charts of bipolar children (n = 49) and children with depressive disorders (n = 58) meeting study inclusion/exclusion criteria were compared on variables assessing clinical characteristics, treatments, and outcomes...
December 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792289/a-guide-to-psychopharmacological-treatment-of-patients-with-intellectual-disability-in-psychiatry
#19
Rosa M Molina-Ruiz, Julia Martín-Carballeda, Inmaculada Asensio-Moreno, Francisco Montañés-Rada
Background Subjects with intellectual disability are at increased risk of having comorbid psychiatric disorders and worse response to psychotherapeutic and psychopharmacological treatment interventions. On the other hand, available data on best treatment approach in this population are scarce and lack scientific evidence due to methodological limitations. The present study aims to perform a systematic review of the literature to facilitate the use of psychotropic drugs in clinical practice and better establish future research targets in this field...
March 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755996/receptor-visualization-and-the-atomic-bomb-a-historical-account-of-the-development-of-the-chemical-neuroanatomy-of-receptors-for-neurotransmitters-and-drugs-during-the-cold-war
#20
REVIEW
J M Palacios, G Mengod
This is a historical account of how receptors for neurotransmitters and drugs got to be seen at the regional, cellular, and subcellular levels in brain, in the years going from the end of the World War II until the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Cold War (1945-1991). The realization in the US of the problem of mental health care, as a consequence of the results of medical evaluation for military service during the war, let the US Government to act creating among other things the National Institute for Mental Health (NIMH)...
March 2018: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
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