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Frontal temperal Dementia

Kenji Ishihara, Yuzo Horibe, Hideki Ohno, Masayuki Sugie, Jun'ichi Shiota, Imaharu Nakano, Mitsuru Kawamura
We retrospectively examined the clinical features and the neuroradiological findings on autopsy of 2 cases of young-onset dementia. The patient in case 1 was a 43-year-old woman who was unable to determine the time on the clock and who made frivolous remarks. Neuropsychological test batteries demonstrated memory impairment and frontal lobe dysfunction. T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the head revealed abnormal high-intensity signals around the lateral ventricles and thinning of the corpus callosum...
October 2011: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyƫ No Shinpo
Paulo J Cunha, Maria Alice Novaes
The aim of the Neuropsychology applied to the Alcohol Dependence field is the comprehension of the effects of brain dysfunction on cognition and human behavior. It investigates neurocognitive impairments and associates them to structural and functional neuroimaging findings (CT, MRI, PET and SPECT). Acute use of alcohol impairs attention, memory, executive functions and visuospatial skills, while chronic abuse causes neurocognitive deficits in memory, learning, visuospatial functions, psychomotor speed processing, executive functions and decision-making, and may lead to persistent amnesic disorder and alcoholic dementia...
May 2004: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Luning Wang, Mingwei Zhu, Xianghong Li, Qiuping Gui
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of Gallyas silver staining in the diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases. METHOD: Modified Gallyas-Braak staining method was used to investigate samples of the brain and spinal cord of 22 cases with neurodegenerative disease including Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's diseas (PD), Pick's disease, diffuse Lewy body disease (DLBD), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), diagnosed by clinical and routine pathologic method. 10 cases without clinical symptoms and pathologic abnormalities of the nervous system served as control...
February 2002: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
M B Sebit, W Acuda, D Chibanda
A 51 year old male, presented with recurrent outbursts of aggression, hypersexuality, sexual indiscretion and hoarding litter following a head injury sustained in a road traffic accident. His premorbid personality was described as energetic but quick tempered. He had no delusions or perceptual disturbances and cognitive functions were intact. Physical and detailed neurological examination were essentially normal, with the exception of disuse atrophy of the lower limb muscles. He lacked insight into his problems...
February 1996: Central African Journal of Medicine
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