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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161156/sense-of-community-among-female-residents-of-a-trauma-informed-sober-living-home
#1
Katie M Edwards, Ellen E Haynes, Kelly M Palmer, Sharon Murphy
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorders (SUDs) and domestic and/or sexual violence (DSV) co-occur at high rates. Although some studies have examined sober living homes (SLHs), no research to date has evaluated SLHs specifically designed for women with histories of SUDS and DSV. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to present data from an exploratory analysis of the association between sense of community (SOC) and mental health symptoms within a unique trauma-informed and gender-responsive SLH (i...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159847/more-or-less-likely-to-offend-young-adults-with-a-history-of-identified-developmental-language-disorders
#2
Maxine Winstanley, Roger T Webb, Gina Conti-Ramsden
BACKGROUND: There is now substantial literature demonstrating that a disproportionate number of young people who come into contact with youth justice services evidence unidentified language difficulties. These young people, therefore, have received little or no professional input in this area. Conversely, there is a dearth of research pertaining to criminality outcomes among those individuals with identified developmental language disorders (DLD) who have received such interventions. AIMS: To examine police-initiated contact and substance use outcomes of young adults with a history of identified DLD versus age-matched peers (AMP)...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158111/brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-bdnf-determines-a-sex-difference-in-cue-conditioned-alcohol-seeking-in-rats
#3
Samuel J Hogarth, Emily J Jaehne, Maarten van den Buuse, Elvan Djouma
Alcohol use disorder is a detrimental addictive disease that develops through prolonged ethanol exposure and regular intoxication. However, the changes in the underlying neurobiology leading to alcohol addiction remain unclear. Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) is implicated in substance abuse disorders including alcoholism. As the vast majority of previous animal model studies have concentrated on males only, the aim of this study was to determine whether endogenous BDNF mediates alcohol seeking in a sex-specific manner...
November 17, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157683/unique-characteristics-of-high-cost-users-of-medical-care-with-comorbid-mental-illness-or-addiction-in-a-population-based-cohort
#4
Jennifer M Hensel, Valerie H Taylor, Kinwah Fung, Claire de Oliveira, Simone N Vigod
OBJECTIVE: To understand whether high-cost users of medical care with and without comorbid mental illness or addiction differ in terms of their sociodemographic and health characteristics. Unique characteristics would warrant different considerations for interventions and service design aimed at reducing unnecessary health care utilization and associated costs. METHODS: From the top 10% of Ontarians ranked by total medical care costs during fiscal year 2011/2012 (N = 314,936), prior 2-year mental illness or addiction diagnoses were determined from administrative data...
October 16, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157504/domestic-minor-sex-trafficking
#5
REVIEW
Amy Goldberg, Jessica Moore
Commercial sexual exploitation of children and child sex trafficking is a major public health issue globally. Domestic minor sex trafficking has become increasingly recognized within the United States. Sexually exploited minors are commonly identified as having psychosocial risk factors, including histories of abuse or neglect, running away, substance use or abuse, and involvement with child protective services. Youth also suffer a variety of physical and mental health consequences, including posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, and suicidality...
January 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154591/the-impact-of-comorbid-diagnoses-on-the-course-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-residents-of-battered-women-s-shelters
#6
Katherine M Fedele, Nicole L Johnson, Jennifer C Caldwell, Yuliya Shteynberg, Sarah E Sanders, Samantha C Holmes, Dawn M Johnson
OBJECTIVE: The current investigation sought to explore the impact of the comorbidities of substance use disorder (SUD), major depressive disorder (MDD), and borderline personality disorder (BPD) on the trajectory of intimate partner violence (IPV)-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms across a 6-month follow-up period in IPV survivors who seek shelter. Research has found significant comorbidity of SUD, MDD, and BPD with PTSD (see Green et al., 2006; Kessler, Sonnega, Bromet, Hughes, & Nelson, 1995; Pagura et al...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154365/is-neural-processing-of-negative-stimuli-altered-in-addiction-independent-of-drug-effects-findings-from-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-youth-with-internet-gaming-disorder
#7
Sarah W Yip, James J Gross, Megha Chawla, Shan-Shan Ma, Xing-Hui Shi, Lu Liu, Yuan-Wei Yao, Lei Zhu, Patrick D Worhunsky, Jintao Zhang
Difficulties in emotion regulation are commonly reported among individuals with alcohol and drug addictions and contribute to the acquisition and maintenance of addictive behaviors. Alterations in neural processing of negative affective stimuli have further been demonstrated among individuals with addictions. However, it is unclear whether these alterations are a general feature of addictions or are a result of prolonged exposure to drugs-of-abuse. To test the hypothesis of altered negative affect processing independent of drug effects, this study assessed neural function among drug-naïve youth with a behavioral addiction-Internet gaming disorder (IGD)...
November 20, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154148/the-relationship-between-executive-functions-and-emotion-regulation-in-females-attending-therapeutic-community-treatment-for-substance-use-disorder
#8
Ely M Marceau, Peter J Kelly, Nadia Solowij
BACKGROUND: Difficulties in emotion regulation influence the development of substance use disorder (SUD), its severity, course, treatment outcomes, and relapse. Impaired executive functions (EFs) are common in SUD populations and may relate to emotion dysregulation. The current study tested whether performance on three basic EF tasks ('working memory', 'inhibition', and 'task-switching') and/or inventory-based assessment of EF were related to difficulties in emotion regulation in females attending residential SUD therapeutic community treatment...
November 12, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151718/achievement-of-adequate-glycemic-control-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-comorbid-mental-health-conditions-treated-in-a-primary-care-setting
#9
Kaitlyn Brown, Katherine Fortenberry, Lisa Gren, Karen Gunning, Carrie McAdam-Marx
Objective: This study investigated the association between the presence of a mental health condition (MHC) diagnosis and glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes in a primary care clinic network. Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional study compared adequate glycemic control (A1C <8.0%) in patients with type 2 diabetes with and without any MHC, as well as by MHC subtypes of depression or anxiety, bipolar or schizophrenia disorders, and substance use disorder...
November 2017: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151365/effectiveness-of-direct-acting-antiviral-therapy-for-hepatitis-c-in-difficult-to-treat-patients-in-a-safety-net-health-system-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
Christina Yek, Carolina de la Flor, John Marshall, Cindy Zoellner, Grace Thompson, Lisa Quirk, Christian Mayorga, Barbara J Turner, Amit G Singal, Mamta K Jain
BACKGROUND: Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) have revolutionized chronic hepatitis C (HCV) treatment, but real-world effectiveness among vulnerable populations, including uninsured patients, is lacking. This study was conducted to characterize the effectiveness of DAAs in a socioeconomically disadvantaged and underinsured patient cohort. METHODS: This retrospective observational study included all patients undergoing HCV treatment with DAA-based therapy between April 2014 and June 2016 at a large urban safety-net health system (Parkland Health and Hospital System, Dallas, TX, USA)...
November 20, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150713/efficacy-of-silexan-in-subthreshold-anxiety-meta-analysis-of-randomised-placebo-controlled-trials
#11
Hans-Jürgen Möller, Hans-Peter Volz, Angelika Dienel, Sandra Schläfke, Siegfried Kasper
Subthreshold psychiatric disorders do not fully meet the diagnostic criteria of syndromal disorders but may be associated with comparable disability. To investigate the anxiolytic effect of Silexan, an active substance from lavender oil for oral administration, in patients with subthreshold anxiety, a meta-analysis that included all published trials with Silexan in this indication was performed. Three randomised, placebo-controlled trials in subthreshold anxiety disorders (anxiety disorder not otherwise specified, restlessness and agitation, mixed anxiety and depressive disorder) were included...
November 17, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150151/evaluating-short-and-long-term-impacts-of-a-medicaid-lock-in-program-on-opioid-and-benzodiazepine-prescriptions-dispensed-to-beneficiaries
#12
Rebecca B Naumann, Stephen W Marshall, Jennifer L Lund, Nisha C Gottfredson, Christopher L Ringwalt, Asheley C Skinner
BACKGROUND: Insurance-based "lock-in" programs (LIPs) have become a popular strategy to address controlled substance (CS) (e.g., opioid) misuse. However, little is known about their impacts. We examined changes in CS dispensing to beneficiaries in the 12-month North Carolina Medicaid LIP. METHODS: We analyzed Medicaid claims linked to Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) records for beneficiaries enrolled in the LIP between October 2010 and September 2012 (n=2702)...
November 6, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149893/association-between-severity-of-illicit-drug-dependence-and-quality-of-life-in-a-psychosocial-care-center-in-brazil-cross-sectional-study
#13
Selva Rios Campêlo, Maria Alves Barbosa, Danilo Rocha Dias, Camila Cardoso Caixeta, Cláudio Rodrigues Leles, Celmo Celeno Porto
BACKGROUND: Quality of life must be one of the main purposes for the treatment of drug users, requiring a better understanding of the association between the quality of life and the severity of dependency. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between severity of substance use in various areas of human functioning and quality of life of illicit drug users in a psychosocial care center for alcohol and drugs. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 60 participants - illicit drug users - treated at a psychosocial care center for alcohol and drugs...
November 17, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149827/therapeutic-applications-of-capsaicin-in-upper-airways
#14
Carlo Cavaliere, Simonetta Masieri, Franco Cavaliere
Capsaicin (8-methyl-N-vanillyl-6-nonenamide) is the substance responsible of the irritation caused by the contact of chili peppers with the skin or mucous membranes. This protoalkaloid acts by stimulating the transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 (TRPV1), which is mainly expressed by nociceptive fibers of peripheral sensory neurons, but is also present in the central nervous system, and in some non-neuronal cells. Following the initial, intense neuronal excitation, a brief refractory period occurs...
November 17, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149155/lower-cutoffs-for-lc-ms-ms-urine-drug-testing-indicates-better-patient-compliance
#15
Kevin Krock, Amadeo Pesce, Dennis Ritz, Richard Thomas, Agnes Cua, Ryan Rogers, Phil Lipnick, Kristen Kilbourn
BACKGROUND: Urine drug testing is used by health care providers to determine a patient's compliance to their prescribed regimen and to detect non-prescribed medications and illicit drugs. However, the cutoff levels used by clinical labs are often arbitrarily set and may not reflect the urine drug concentrations of compliant patients. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to test the hypothesis that commonly used cutoffs for many prescribed and illicit drugs were set too high, and methods using these cutoffs may yield a considerable number of false-negative results...
November 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148826/engagement-in-the-overdose-risk-information-orion-e-health-tool-for-opioid-overdose-prevention-and-self-efficacy-a-preliminary-study
#16
Giuseppe Carrà, Cristina Crocamo, Gerald Humphris, Tommaso Tabacchi, Francesco Bartoli, Julia Neufeind, Norbert Scherbaum, Alexander Baldacchino
Increasing awareness of, and information about, overdose risk is an appropriate approach in risk reduction. e-Health technology in substance use disorders is an opportunity to support behavioral changes related to public health concerns. The present study aimed to evaluate the short-term impact of an innovative e-health psychoeducational software, the Overdose RIsk InfOrmatioN (ORION) tool. The ORION programme provided relevant information to opioid-dependent individuals about the risk of suffering a drug overdose as a result of high risky and dysfunctional behaviors...
November 17, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147063/nativity-race-ethnicity-and-dual-diagnosis-among-us-adults
#17
Magdalena Szaflarski, Shawn Bauldry, Lisa A Cubbins, Karthikeyan Meganathan
Purpose: This study investigated disparities in dual diagnosis (comorbid substance-use and depressive/anxiety disorders) among US adults by nativity and racial-ethnic origin and socioeconomic, cultural, and psychosocial factors that may account for the observed disparities. Design/methodology: The study drew on data from two waves of the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Racial-ethnic categories included African, Asian/Pacific Islander, European, Mexican, Puerto Rican, and other Hispanic/Latino...
2017: Research in the Sociology of Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146122/health-and-wellbeing-of-indigenous-adolescents-in-australia-a-systematic-synthesis-of-population-data
#18
Peter S Azzopardi, Susan M Sawyer, John B Carlin, Louisa Degenhardt, Ngiare Brown, Alex D Brown, George C Patton
BACKGROUND: Indigenous populations have high rates of disease and premature mortality. Most Indigenous communities are young, and adolescence (age 10-24 years) provides great opportunities for population health gain. However, the absence of a comprehensive account of Indigenous adolescents' health has been a barrier to effective policy. We aimed to report a national health profile for Indigenous adolescents in Australia. METHODS: We undertook a systematic synthesis of population data to report the health and wellbeing of Indigenous adolescents in Australia...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145774/predicting-the-risk-of-opioid-use-disorder-based-on-early-maladaptive-schemas
#19
Somayeh Zamirinejad, Seyed Kaveh Hojjat, Alireza Moslem, Vahideh MoghaddamHosseini, Arash Akaberi
Substance use is a globally devastating social problem. Early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) are inefficient mechanisms leading directly or indirectly to psychological distress. The current study aimed to assess the role of EMSs in predicting opioid use disorder. The cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013 in Bojnurd at northeast of Iran on 60 male opioid users who received Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) and 60 control males. The opioid users were selected randomly from MMT clinics and control subjects were selected and matched with opioid users using demographic variables...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145409/predictors-of-suicide-ideation-among-older-adults-with-bipolar-disorder
#20
Norm O'Rourke, Marnin J Heisel, Sarah L Canham, Andrew Sixsmith
OBJECTIVES: Bipolar disorder (BD) carries the greatest risk of death by suicide of all psychiatric conditions as 25%-50% of those with BD will make one or more suicide attempt, and about 15% will intentionally end their lives. Among young adults with BD, substance misuse, medication non-adherence, age at onset, and comorbid psychiatric conditions each predict self-harm. It is currently unclear if these same factors or others predict suicide ideation among older adults with BD. METHODS: We recruited a global sample of 220 older adults with BD over 19 days using socio-demographically targeted, social media advertising and online data collection (Mean = 58...
2017: PloS One
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