Read by QxMD icon Read


Xuewen Ni, Kai Wang, Kao Wu, Harold Corke, Katsuyoshi Nishinari, Fatang Jiang
This study aims to investigate the stability, microstructure and rheological properties of konjac glucomannan (KGM)/zein mixed systems in different mixing ratios. A phase diagram was established by centrifugation and visual observation. KGM/zein could form a stable homogeneous dispersion with appropriate mixing formula, and the particle size in mixed systems increased with increasing zein content. During storage, zein particles increased in size but were homogeneously distributed in the continuous phase of KGM without flocculation as observed by confocal light scanning microscopy...
May 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Mas Sahidayana Mokhtar, Wan Safwani Wan Kamarul Zaman, Thamil Selvee Ramasamy
BACKGROUND: Konjac glucomannan (KGM) is a water-soluble dietary fibre extracted from Amorphophallus konjac K. Koch (Araceae). Konjac fibre has been clinically proven as an effective antioxidant agent in weight control but its traditionally known tumour suppression property remains to be explored. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study is to determine the potential anti-proliferative effect of KGM on cancer and normal human liver cell lines, HepG2 and WRL68, respectively...
March 7, 2018: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Praveen Krishna Veerasubramanian, Ponrasu Thangavel, Ramya Kannan, Sudip Chakraborty, Balaji Ramachandran, Lonchin Suguna, Vignesh Muthuvijayan
We have developed a novel hydrogel composed of konjac glucomannan (KGM), human hair proteins (KER), and an ethanolic extract of Avena sativa (OAT) and evaluated its potential as a dressing material for diabetic wounds. KGM is an excellent biocompatible gelling agent that stimulates fibroblast proliferation and immunomodulation. Human hair proteins (KER) are biocompatible, biodegradable, and possess abundant cell adhesion sites. KER also promotes fibroblast attachment and proliferation, keratinocyte migration, and collagen expression, which can accelerate wound healing...
February 13, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Yu Xie, Zeng-Xing Yi, Jian-Xun Wang, Tong-Gang Hou, Qiong Jiang
In this paper, carboxymethyl konjac glucomannan (CMKGM) was obtained by carboxyl modification of konjac glucomannan. Then CMKGM and chitosan (CS) were crosslinked and freeze-dried to prepare CMKGM/CS composite sponges with different proportions. The structure and micromorphology of CMKGM/CS sponges were investigated by FTIR spectroscopy and SEM. The SEM results showed that the pore structure of the composite sponge gradually increased with the increase of CMKGM content. To assess the applicability of CMKGM/CS composite sponges as wound dressing, the swelling behavior, water vapor transmission rate (WVTR), biocompatibility (cytotoxicity and hemolysis) were analyzed...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Lin Wang, Yu Du, Yi Yuan, Ruo-Jun Mu, Jingni Gong, Yongsheng Ni, Jie Pang, Chunhua Wu
Intelligent hydrogels are attractive biomaterials for various applications, however, fabricating a hydrogel with both adequate self-healing ability and mechanical properties remains a challenge. Herein, a series of novel intelligent konjac glucomannan (KGM)/microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) hydrogels were prepared vis the mussel-inspired chemistry. MCC was firstly functionalized by the oxidative polymerization of dopamine, and the intelligent hydrogels were obtained by mixing aqueous solutions of KGM and functionalized MCC (PDMCC)...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Wenkun Zhu, Tao Duan, Zuowen Hu
We have demonstrated there is a significant intermolecular interaction between GO and KGM that results from hydrogen bonding and physical cross-linking by studying the rheological properties of a graphene oxide/konjac glucomannan (GO/KGM) solution. When the addition of GO was 5%, the storage modulus (G') and loss modulus (G″) were only improved by 0.25%. However, G' and G″ were improved by approximately 90% and 73.4%, respectively, when the GO content was increased to 7.5%. The moduli also displayed a relationship between the power function and concentration...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Fusheng Zhang, Qiao Fan, Hongyun Li, Hourong Chen, Jiong Zheng
BACKGROUND: In order to improve the compatibility of polysaccharide-protein mixtures and enhance their performance, a response surface methodology (RSM) was used to optimize the preparation conditions of konjac glucomannan (KGM)/casein (CS) blend gel. Moreover, the effects of high-pressure processing (HPP) on the gel properties and structure were also investigated. RESULTS: The optimal preparation parameters were a temperature of 60 °C, a total concentration 40 g kg-1 , and a dietary alkali concentration 5 g kg-1 ...
February 8, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Pirudee Tuntrakool, Suttipun Keawsompong
Endo-1,4-β-mannanase is an enzyme that can catalyze the random hydrolysis of β-1,4-mannosidic linkages in the main chain of mannans, glucomannans and galactomannans and offers many applications in different biotechnology industries. Purification and kinetic properties of the endo-1,4-β-mannanase from recombinant Escherichia coli strain KMAN-3 were examined. Recombinant β-mannanase (KMAN-3) was purified 50.5 fold using Ni-NTA Agarose resin and specific activity of 11900 U/mg protein was obtained. Purified KMAN-3 showed a single band on SDS-PAGE with a molecular weight of 43 kDa...
January 26, 2018: Protein Expression and Purification
Andrea Maia-Landim, Juan M Ramírez, Carolina Lancho, María S Poblador, José L Lancho
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are considered major health problems that contribute to increase mortality and quality of life. Both conditions have a high prevalence across the world reaching epidemic numbers. Our aim was to evaluate the effects of the administration of Garcinia cambogia (GC) and Glucomannan (GNN) on long-term weight loss in people with overweight or obesity. METHODS: Prospective, not-randomized controlled intervention trial was conducted. We treated 214 subjects with overweight or obesity with GC and GNN (500 mg twice a day, each) for 6 months evaluating weight, fat mass, visceral fat, basal metabolic rate, and lipid and glucose blood profiles comparing them with basal values...
January 24, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Pengfeng Luo, Ming Nie, Huigao Wen, Wenyan Xu, Lihong Fan, Qihua Cao
Hydrogel wound dressing is a new type of biomaterial with performance that is better than traditional and biological dressings. It has been extensively researched and the application in the field of biomedicine is common. In this study, we developed a simple and nontoxic method for preparing a new type of composite hydrogel, which formed through the Schiff-base reaction between the aldehyde of oxidized konjac glucomannan (OKGM) and the amino of carboxymethyl chitosan sulfate (CMSS). The chemical structures of this composite hydrogel were characterized by transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR)...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Honglei Chen, Guangqian Lan, Luoxiao Ran, Yang Xiao, Kun Yu, Bitao Lu, Fangying Dai, Dayang Wu, Fei Lu
A novel Konjac glucomannan/silver nanoparticle (KGM/AgNP) composite sponge was successfully prepared via a simple 2-step method for biomedical applications as wound-healing materials. First, AgNPs were prepared with green deoxidizer egg white. Then, KGM powder was added to the AgNP solution and stirred vigorously, and the composite sponge was obtained by freeze-drying. The KGM/AgNP composite sponge showed excellent water absorption and water retention, and considerable mechanical properties. KGM/AgNP composite sponges displayed good antibacterial activity against test microorganisms...
March 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Ang-Xin Song, Yu-Heng Mao, Ka-Chai Siu, Jian-Yong Wu
The bifidogenic effects of exopolysaccharide (EPS) of a medicinal fungus (Cordyceps sinensis) and a well-known food polysaccharide konjac glucomannan (KGM) with different molecular weight (MW) ranges were evaluated through in vitro experiments in liquid cultures of Bifidobacteria. Native EPS and KGM were partially degraded with power ultrasound (US) to improve the water solubility, and further hydrolysed with trifluoroacetic acid to much lower MW. The acid-hydrolysed fractions (EPS-AH and KGM-AH) supported the growth of all five tested bifidobacterial species, while the US-degraded high MW fractions, EPS-US and KGM-US, could only slightly supported the growth of some species...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Yunhan Hsu, Hirohiko Koizumi, Masato Otagiri, Shigeharu Moriya, Manabu Arioka
Symbiotic protists in the hindgut of termites provide a novel enzymatic resource for efficient lignocellulytic degradation of plant biomass. In this study, two β-mannanases, RsMan26A and RsMan26B, from a symbiotic protist community of the lower termite, Reticulitermes speratus, were successfully expressed in the methylotrophic yeast, Pichia pastoris. Biochemical characterization experiments demonstrated that both RsMan26A and RsMan26B are endo-acting enzymes and have a very similar substrate specificity, displaying a higher catalytic efficiency to galactomannan from locust bean gum (LBG) and glucomannan than to β-1,4-mannan and highly substituted galactomannan from guar gum...
January 5, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Qinghua Wu, Xu Wang, Eugenie Nepovimova, Yun Wang, Hualin Yang, Li Li, Xiujuan Zhang, Kamil Kuca
Trichothecenes are a group of mycotoxins mainly produced by fungi of genus Fusarium. Due to high toxicity and widespread dissemination, T-2 toxin and deoxynivalenol (DON) are considered to be the most important compounds of this class. Trichothecenes generate free radicals, including reactive oxygen species (ROS), which induce lipid peroxidation, decrease levels of antioxidant enzymes, and ultimately lead to apoptosis. Consequently, oxidative stress is an active area of research on the toxic mechanisms of trichothecenes, and identification of antioxidant agents that could be used against trichothecenes is crucial for human health...
December 15, 2017: Oncotarget
Lin Wang, Yi Yuan, Ruo-Jun Mu, Jingni Gong, Yongsheng Ni, Xin Hong, Jie Pang, Chunhua Wu
Three-dimensional nanofibers cryogels (NFCs) with both thermally-tolerant and mechanically-robust properties have potential for wide application in biomedical or food areas; however, creating such NFCs has proven to be extremely challenging. In this study, konjac glucomannan (KGM)/poly (lactic acid) (PLA)-based novel NFCs were prepared by the incorporation of the mussel-inspired protein polydopamine (PDA) via a facile and environmentally-friendly electrospinning and freeze-shaping technique. The obtained KGM/PLA/PDA (KPP) NFCs were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and compressive and tensile test...
December 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Bing Liu, Åke Olson, Miao Wu, Anders Broberg, Mats Sandgren
Lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMO) are important redox enzymes produced by microorganisms for the degradation of recalcitrant natural polysaccharides. Heterobasidion irregulare is a white-rot phytopathogenic fungus that causes wood decay in conifers. The genome of this fungus encodes 10 putative Auxiliary Activity family 9 (AA9) LPMOs. We describe the first biochemical characterization of H. irregulare LPMOs through heterologous expression of two CBM-containing LPMOs from this fungus (HiLPMO9H, HiLPMO9I) in Pichia pastoris...
2017: PloS One
Fei Au-Yeung, Elena Jovanovski, Alexandra L Jenkins, Andreea Zurbau, Hoang V T Ho, Vladimir Vuksan
Konjac glucomannan (KGM) is a viscous dietary fibre that can form a solid, low-energy gel when hydrated and is commonly consumed in a noodle form (KGM-gel). Increased meal viscosity from gel-forming fibres have been associated with prolonged satiety, but no studies to date have evaluated this effect with KGM-gel. Thus, our objective was to evaluate subsequent food intake and satiety of KGM-gel noodles when replacing a high-carbohydrate preload, in a dose-response manner. Utilising a randomised, controlled, cross-over design, sixteen healthy individuals (twelve females/four males; age: 26·0 (sd 11·8) years; BMI: 23·1 (sd 3·2) kg/m2) received 325 ml volume-matched preloads of three KGM-gel noodle substitution levels: (i) all pasta with no KGM-gel (1849 kJ (442 kcal), control), half pasta and half KGM-gel (1084 kJ (259 kcal), 50-KGM) or no pasta and all KGM-gel (322 kJ (77 kcal), 100-KGM)...
January 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Mingrui Chen, Shuyao Wang, Xue Liang, Donghui Ma, Li He, Yaowen Liu
The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary acidolysis-oxidized konjac glucomannan (A-OKGM) (0%, 0.4%, 0.8%, and 1.6%) supplementation on the immunity and expression of immune-related genes in Schizothorax prenanti. After feeding for eight weeks, the serum and guts were used for measurement of biochemical parameters, and immune-related gene expression in the gut were also analyzed by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). C-reactive protein and IgM levels were significantly higher in the A-OKGM fed groups than in the control group, regardless of the dosage...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Francesca Anna Fusco, Raffaele Ronca, Gabriella Fiorentino, Emilia Pedone, Patrizia Contursi, Simonetta Bartolucci, Danila Limauro
Dictyoglomus turgidum is a hyperthermophilic, anaerobic, gram-negative bacterium that shows an array of putative glycoside hydrolases (GHs) encoded by its genome, a feature that makes this microorganism very interesting for biotechnological applications. The aim of this work is the characterization of a hyperthermophilic GH5, Dtur_0671, of D. turgidum, annotated as endoglucanase and herein named DturCelB in agreement to DturCelA, which was previously characterized. The synthetic gene was expressed in Escherichia coli...
January 2018: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
Liangling Liu, Huigao Wen, Ziqie Rao, Chen Zhu, Meng Liu, Lian Min, Lihong Fan, Shengxiang Tao
In this paper, the microbial transglutaminase (MTGase) was used as a catalyst to graft the collagen peptide (COP) molecules on the amino group of chitosan to obtain water-soluble chitosan-collagen peptide (CS-COP) derivatives. The preparation of composite hydrogel was via the Schiff-base reaction between the amino of CS-COP and the aldehyde of oxidized konjac glucomannan (OKGM). The hydrogels were characterized by various techniques including Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
March 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"