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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340365/emotion-regulation-strategies-mediate-the-associations-of-positive-and-negative-affect-to-upper-extremity-physical-function
#1
Mojtaba Talaei-Khoei, Hora Nemati-Rezvani, Stefan F Fischerauer, David Ring, Neal Chen, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
BACKGROUND: The Gross process model of emotion regulation holds that emotion-eliciting situations (e.g. musculoskeletal illness) can be strategically regulated to determine the final emotional and behavioral response. Also, there is some evidence that innate emotional traits may predispose an individual to a particular regulating coping style. METHODS: We enrolled 107 patients with upper extremity musculoskeletal illness in this cross-sectional study. They completed self-report measures of positive and negative affect, emotion regulation strategies (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression), upper extremity physical function, pain intensity, and demographics...
March 12, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338892/embodiment-and-schizophrenia-a-review-of-implications-and-applications
#2
Wolfgang Tschacher, Anne Giersch, Karl Friston
In recent decades, embodiment has become an influential concept in psychology and cognitive neuroscience. Embodiment denotes the study of the reciprocal (causal) relationships between mind and body, with the mind not only affecting the body but also vice versa. Embodied cognition comes to the fore in sensorimotor coupling, predictive coding, and nonverbal behavior. Additionally, the embodiment of the mind constitutes the basis of social interaction and communication, as evident in research on nonverbal synchrony and mimicry...
March 3, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338183/psychogenic-convergence-spasm-mimicking-ocular-myasthenia
#3
C Scoppetta, G Di Gennaro
A 14-year-old girl presented with a two-years history of fluctuating convergent strabismus, diplopia, and reading difficulty. She has been previously diagnosed by experienced neurologists as having ocular myasthenia and she had been treated for two years with anticholinesterase inhibitors and immunomodulatory drugs. After a thorough medical interview and neurological examination, a diagnosis of psychogenic convergence spasm was made. The patient was then reassured and the symptoms immediately disappeared. She also had psychotherapy and maintained a condition of sustained freedom from symptoms...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335624/effects-of-patient-preferences-on-outcomes-in-the-predictors-of-remission-in-depression-to-individual-and-combined-treatments-predict-study
#4
Boadie W Dunlop, Mary E Kelley, Vivianne Aponte-Rivera, Tanja Mletzko-Crowe, Becky Kinkead, James C Ritchie, Charles B Nemeroff, W Edward Craighead, Helen S Mayberg
OBJECTIVE: The Predictors of Remission in Depression to Individual and Combined Treatments [PReDICT] study aimed to identify clinical and biological factors predictive of treatment outcomes in major depressive disorder among treatment-naive adults. The authors evaluated the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and two antidepressant medications (escitalopram and duloxetine) in patients with major depression and examined the moderating effect of patients' treatment preferences on outcomes...
March 24, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334488/the-metacognition-assessment-scale-mas-a-results-of-a-pilot-study-applying-a-german-translation-to-individuals-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#5
Anna-Lena Bröcker, Samuel Bayer, Frauke Stuke, Patrick Giemsa, Andreas Heinz, Felix Bermpohl, Paul H Lysaker, Christiane Montag
OBJECTIVES: Metacognition, the capacity 'to think about thinking' and thus to reflect and to master interpersonal problems on a mentalistic basis, is often impaired among patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and has been suggested as a potential treatment target. However, little is known about the reliability of its measurement and links with related phenomena. The aim of this study was to validate a German translation of the Metacognition Assessment Scale (MAS-A) as a measure to assess metacognition from free narratives of patients' personally relevant episodes and relationships...
March 23, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333513/feedback-in-group-psychotherapy-for-eating-disorders-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Annika Helgadóttir Davidsen, Stig Poulsen, Jane Lindschou, Per Winkel, Marjun Frígerð Tróndarson, Mette Waaddegaard, Marianne Lau
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of client feedback in group psychotherapy on attendance and treatment outcome for patients with eating disorders. METHOD: We conducted a randomized clinical trial with central randomization stratified for diagnosis and treatment type according to a computer-generated allocation sequence concealed to the investigators. One-hundred and 59 adult participants, diagnosed with bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, or eating disorder not otherwise specified according to DSM-IV, were included...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332952/dying-for-love-an-attachment-problem-with-some-perpetrator-introjects
#7
Valerie Sinason
This paper focuses on some problematic victim-perpetrator dynamics in psychotherapy with patients with Dissociative Identity Disorder where there has been longstanding multi-perpetrator organized abuse described, which also involves family members. Additionally, in this specific sample, there have been reported experiences of serious assaults from attachment figures in which the patient felt close to death. The clinical concern is expressed that only in the nearness of death is a connection felt to the attachment figure and this leads to extra suicidality in the patient and extra vulnerability to secondary traumatization for the therapist...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332948/self-efficacy-as-a-mediator-in-bottom-up-dissemination-of-a-research-supported-intervention-for-young-traumatized-children-and-their-families
#8
Paula David, Miriam Schiff
Implementation literature has under-reported bottom-up dissemination attempts of research-supported interventions (RSI). This study examined factors associated with individual clinicians' implementation of Child-Parent Psychotherapy (CPP), including CPP social network (SN), supervision, and self-efficacy. Seventy-seven (90%) CPP graduates completed a cross-sectional survey, including measures regarding social network, receiving supervision, and CPP self-efficacy. Self-efficacy was significantly associated with CPP implementation; CPP SN and supervision were not...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328739/effects-of-a-brief-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-group-intervention-on-baseline-brain-perfusion-in-adolescents-with-major-depressive-disorder
#9
Zrinka Sosic-Vasic, Birgit Abler, Georg Grön, Paul Plener, Joana Straub
A number of neuroimaging studies have identified altered regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) related to major depressive disorder (MDD) in adult samples, particularly in the lateral prefrontal, cingular and temporal regions. In contrast, neuroimaging investigations in adolescents with MDD are rare, although investigating young patients during a significant period of brain maturation might offer valuable insights into the neural mechanisms of MDD. We acquired perfusion images obtained with continuous arterial spin labelling in 21 medication-naive adolescents with MDD before and after a five-session cognitive behavioural group therapy (group CBT)...
March 21, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327079/patterns-of-practice-in-community-mental-health-treatment-of-adult-depression
#10
Cara C Lewis, C Nathan Marti, Brigid R Marriott, Kelli Scott, David Ayer
OBJECTIVE: Community mental health therapists often endorse an eclectic orientation, but few studies reveal how therapists utilize elements of evidence-based psychotherapies. This study aimed to characterize treatment as usual patterns of practice among therapists treating depressed adults in community mental health settings. METHOD: Therapists (N = 165) from the USA's largest not-for-profit provider of community-based mental health services completed surveys assessing their demographics and practice element use with depressed adult clients...
March 22, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326750/measuring-hope-standardization-of-the-czech-version-of-the-adult-dispositional-hope-scale-in-healthy-adults
#11
Marie Ociskova, Irena Sobotkova, Jan Prasko, Vladimir Mihal
OBJECTIVES: Hope is an important factor that influences mental state of individuals and efficacy of systematic and supportive psychotherapy. The goal of the study was to translate the Adult Dispositional Hope Scale (ADHS) to Czech, evaluate its psychometric properties and create norms to interpret the scale scores. METHODS: The scale consists of twelve items. Four items assess the ability of pathway thinking, four items measure agency, and the remaining four items are fillers that are not interpreted...
January 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326653/the-impact-of-childhood-maltreatment-on-the-differential-efficacy-of-cbasp-versus-escitalopram-in-patients-with-chronic-depression-a-secondary-analysis
#12
Paul Bausch, Thomas Fangmeier, Ingo Zobel, Dieter Schoepf, Sarah Drost, Knut Schnell, Henrik Walter, Mathias Berger, Claus Normann, Elisabeth Schramm
Childhood maltreatment (CM) has been indicated as a predictor of a differential response to antidepressant treatment with psychotherapy compared to medication. In this secondary analysis, we investigated whether the presence of CM results in a differential indication for the Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy (CBASP) or escitalopram plus clinical management (ESC). Sixty patients with chronic depression were randomized to either 22 sessions of CBASP or ESC over the course of 8 weeks of acute and 20 weeks of extended treatment at 2 German treatment sites...
March 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322535/neuropsychological-rehabilitation-and-psychotherapy-of-adult-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-with-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Zeng-Qiang Liu, Xue Zeng, Chen-Yang Duan
INTRODUCTION: There is still insufficient appreciation whether neuropsychological rehabilitation and psychotherapy are effective in attenuating depression following traumatic brain injury (TBI). This knowledge gap was addressed in the present systematic review and meta- analysis of the literature. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We conducted electronic database (Medline, PsychINFO, Scopus) searches (time frame: January 1, 2005 - December 31, 2015) for clinical studies that had tested neuropsychological rehabilitation and psychotherapy in adult TBI survivors with depression...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322440/psychological-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-anxiety-disorders-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#14
REVIEW
Zafar A Usmani, Kristin V Carson, Karen Heslop, Adrian J Esterman, Anthony De Soyza, Brian J Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (commonly referred to as chronic bronchitis and emphysema) is a chronic lung condition characterised by the inflammation of airways and irreversible destruction of pulmonary tissue leading to progressively worsening dyspnoea. It is a leading international cause of disability and death in adults. Evidence suggests that there is an increased prevalence of anxiety disorders in people with COPD. The severity of anxiety has been shown to correlate with the severity of COPD, however anxiety can occur with all stages of COPD severity...
March 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321873/disintegration-of-the-self-and-the-regeneration-of-psychic-skin-in-the-treatment-of-traumatized-refugees
#15
Monica Luci
This paper presents a tentative understanding of the characteristics of the extreme traumas, elsewhere called 'complex PTSD', that some refugees and asylum-seekers bring into therapy. It suggests that these kinds of traumas suffered during adulthood may involve a disintegration of the self and a loss of 'psychic skin'. This conceptualization is derived from the treatment of a refugee who survived multiple extreme traumas and with whom efforts were made in therapy to identify a complex methodology making use of supplementary therapeutic tools in addition to individual psychotherapy...
April 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319693/what-do-dads-want-treatment-preferences-for-paternal-postpartum-depression
#16
Emily E Cameron, Dana Hunter, Ivan D Sedov, Lianne M Tomfohr-Madsen
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) is prevalent, occurring in 8 to 13% of new fathers. Identifying effective and acceptable treatments for paternal PPD is important to prevent negative family outcomes. Participation in a patient preferred treatment for depression increases treatment adherence and effectiveness. Thus, developing and delivering interventions that are preferred by the target population is an important aspect of successful treatment. The current study investigated treatment preferences for paternal PPD...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318325/emergent-life-events-during-youth-evidence-based-treatment-impact-on-future-provider-adherence-and-clinical-progress
#17
Karen Guan, Alayna L Park, Bruce F Chorpita
Emergent life events (ELEs)-unexpected stressors disclosed in psychotherapy that have a significant negative impact on the client-commonly occur in community populations of youth and are associated with decreased provider adherence to evidence-based treatment (EBT) in session. The present study extends previous research by examining longer term associations of ELEs with (a) provider adherence to planned EBT practices in subsequent sessions and (b) clinical progress. Data were drawn from the modular EBT condition (MATCH) of the Child STEPs California trial conducted with primarily Latino youth, ages 5-15, who were 54% male (Chorpita et al...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318287/findings-from-a-couple-based-open-trial-for-adult-anorexia-nervosa
#18
Donald H Baucom, Jennifer S Kirby, Melanie S Fischer, Brian R Baucom, Robert Hamer, Cynthia M Bulik
Adult anorexia nervosa (AN) often is persistent, significantly erodes quality of life for both the patient and loved ones, and carries high medical and psychiatric comorbidity. Whereas individual psychotherapy for adult AN leads to improvement in some patients, recent findings indicate that the magnitude of improvement is limited: Only a small percentage of individuals fully recover and dropout rates are high. Thus, it is important to build upon current interventions to improve treatment response. We present results from an open trial of a couple-based intervention for adult anorexia nervosa as an adjunct treatment to standard multidisciplinary care...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318278/therapist-effects-on-dropout-from-a-college-counseling-center-practice-research-network
#19
Henry Xiao, Louis G Castonguay, Rebecca A Janis, Soo Jeong Youn, Jeffrey A Hayes, Benjamin D Locke
Dropout has been a pervasive and costly problem in psychotherapy, particularly for college counseling centers. The present study examined potential predictors of dropout using a large data set (N = 10,147 clients, 481 therapists) that was gathered through a college counseling center practice research network as a replication and extension of recent findings regarding therapist effects on dropout. The final model resulted in a dropout rate of 15.9% and a therapist effect of 9.51% on dropout variance. Therapist demographic variables were investigated, though none were found to be significant...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318277/technology-enhanced-human-interaction-in-psychotherapy
#20
Zac E Imel, Derek D Caperton, Michael Tanana, David C Atkins
Psychotherapy is on the verge of a technology-inspired revolution. The concurrent maturation of communication, signal processing, and machine learning technologies begs an earnest look at how these technologies may be used to improve the quality of psychotherapy. Here, we discuss 3 research domains where technology is likely to have a significant impact: (1) mechanism and process, (2) training and feedback, and (3) technology-mediated treatment modalities. For each domain, we describe current and forthcoming examples of how new technologies may change established applications...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
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