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atelectasis children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910005/doppler-images-of-intra-pulmonary-shunt-within-atelectasis-in-anesthetized-children
#1
Cecilia M Acosta, Gerardo Tusman, Mauro Costantini, Camila Echevarría, Sergio Pollioto, Diego Abrego, Fernando Suarez-Sipmann, Stephan H Böhm
BACKGROUND: Doppler images of pulmonary vessels in pulmonary diseases associated with subpleural consolidations have been described. Color Doppler easily identifies such vessels within consolidations while spectral Doppler analysis allows the differentiation between pulmonary and bronchial arteries. Thus, Doppler helps in diagnosing the nature of consolidations. To our knowledge, Doppler analysis of pulmonary vessels within anesthesia-induced atelectasis has never been described before...
December 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804117/effects-of-an-alveolar-recruitment-manoeuvre-guided-by-lung-ultrasound-on-anaesthesia-induced-atelectasis-in-infants-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
I-K Song, E-H Kim, J-H Lee, S Ro, H-S Kim, J-T Kim
Atelectasis occurs in the majority of children undergoing general anaesthesia. Lung ultrasound has shown reliable sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing anaesthesia-induced atelectasis. We assessed the effects of a recruitment manoeuvre on atelectasis using lung ultrasound in infants undergoing general anaesthesia. Forty infants, randomly allocated to either a recruitment manoeuvre group or a control group, received volume-controlled ventilation with 5 cmH2 O positive end-expiratory pressure. Lung ultrasound examination was performed twice in each patient, the first a minute after starting mechanical ventilation of the lungs and the second at the end of surgery...
November 2, 2016: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797454/thoracic-mri-evaluation-of-sarcoidosis-in-children
#3
Sureyya Burcu Gorkem, Seçil Köse, Edward Y Lee, Selim Doğanay, Ayse Seda Coskun, Mehmet Köse
BACKGROUND: Childhood sarcoidosis is a very rare granulomatous disorder with an unknown etiology. Stage 1 disease is the most common whereas stages 2, 3, and 0 are rare in children. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate thoracic findings of pediatric pulmonary sarcoidosis on MRI and to compare them with CT findings. METHODS: Between August 2010 and May 2015, seven consecutive pediatric patients (four male, three female; age range: 8-18 years, mean age: 13...
October 31, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796469/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-pulmonary-infection-in-immunocompromised-children-comparison-with-multidetector-computed-tomography
#4
H Nursun Ozcan, Ayşegul Gormez, Yasemin Ozsurekci, Jale Karakaya, Berna Oguz, Sule Unal, Mualla Cetin, Mehmet Ceyhan, Mithat Haliloglu
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) is commonly used to detect pulmonary infection in immunocompromised children. OBJECTIVE: To compare MRI and multidetector CT findings of pulmonary abnormalities in immunocompromised children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen neutropaenic children (6 girls; ages 2-18 years) were included. Non-contrast-enhanced CT was performed with a 64-detector CT scanner. Axial and coronal non-enhanced thoracic MRI was performed using a 1...
October 28, 2016: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783382/short-term-effects-of-neuromuscular-blockade-on-global-and-regional-lung-mechanics-oxygenation-and-ventilation-in-pediatric-acute-hypoxemic-respiratory-failure
#5
Marlon E F Wilsterman, Pauline de Jager, Robert Blokpoel, Inez Frerichs, Sandra K Dijkstra, Marcel J I J Albers, Johannes G M Burgerhof, Dick G Markhorst, Martin C J Kneyber
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular blockade (NMB) has been shown to improve outcome in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in adults, challenging maintaining spontaneous breathing when there is severe lung injury. We tested in a prospective physiological study the hypothesis that continuous administration of NMB agents in mechanically ventilated children with severe acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF) improves the oxygenation index without a redistribution of tidal volume V T toward non-dependent lung zones...
December 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611433/lung-sounds-in-children-before-and-after-respiratory-physical-therapy-for-right-middle-lobe-atelectasis
#6
Satoshi Adachi, Hiroshi Nakano, Hiroshi Odajima, Chikako Motomura, Yukiko Yoshioka
BACKGROUND: Chest auscultation is commonly performed during respiratory physical therapy (RPT). However, the changes in breath sounds in children with atelectasis have not been previously reported. The aim of this study was to clarify the characteristics of breath sounds in children with atelectasis using acoustic measurements. METHOD: The subjects of this study were 13 children with right middle lobe atelectasis (3-7 years) and 14 healthy children (3-7 years). Lung sounds at the bilateral fifth intercostal spaces on the midclavicular line were recorded...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578942/incidental-intraoperative-diagnosis-of-retained-foreign-body-lung-misdiagnosed-as-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#7
Radhakrishna Ramchandani, Ravindra Kumar Dewan, Sarita Ramchandani
Tracheobronchial foreign body aspiration (FBA) is a very common and lethal problem among children. It can easily be diagnosed with a typical history of choking crisis. Clinical examination and radiology play a secondary role in diagnosis. Acute choking episode may lead to death or else to serious sequels such as bronchiectasis, atelectasis, and recurrent pneumonia. Here, we report an interesting case of bronchiectasis in a young female initially thought to be a consequence of pulmonary tuberculosis, who was subsequently found to have retained foreign body in the left lower lobe lung which was the actual cause of her symptoms...
July 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530791/-application-of-electronic-bronchoscopy-in-pediatric-intensive-care-patients-with-difficult-ventilator-weaning
#8
Lu Gong, Lan Hu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of electronic bronchoscopy in the etiological diagnosis and treatment of pediatric intensive care patients with difficult ventilator weaning. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 92 pediatric intensive care patients with difficult ventilator weaning and underwent electronic bronchoscopy. RESULTS: Among all the 92 children, the most common underlying disease was respiratory system disease (39 children)...
August 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530418/continuous-high-frequency-oscillation-therapy-in-invasively-ventilated-pediatric-subjects-in-the-critical-care-setting
#9
Stephen Morgan, Christoph P Hornik, Niyati Patel, Walter L Williford, David A Turner, Ira M Cheifetz
BACKGROUND: Continuous high-frequency oscillation (CHFO) creates a pressure gradient in the small airways that accelerates expiratory flow. The intended use of CHFO therapy is to facilitate secretion removal and treat atelectasis. Our objective was to assess the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of CHFO in the mechanically ventilated pediatric population. METHODS: After institutional review board approval, we retrospectively reviewed medical records of mechanically ventilated children treated with CHFO (the MetaNeb system) at our institution from July 1, 2007 through August 31, 2012...
August 16, 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511212/risk-factors-for-morbidities-and-mortality-in-children-following-pneumonectomy
#10
Verónica Giubergia, Florencia Alessandrini, Carolina Barrias, Carlos Giuseppucci, Aixa Reusmann, Marcelo Barrenechea, Claudio Castaños
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Pneumonectomy (PNE) is a procedure infrequently performed in children. A high morbidity/mortality rate associated with PNE has been described. Few series have been published in the last 15 years. Risk factors associated with morbidity/mortality after PNE were evaluated. Indications, course, survival and complications of PNE in children were also analized. METHODS: In a case series of 51 children who underwent PNE, death within 30 days of surgery, pneumonia, empyema, sepsis, adult respiratory distress syndrome, bronchopleural fistula, bleeding, pneumothorax and post-PNE syndrome were considered major morbidities...
August 10, 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27426736/predictors-of-airspace-disease-on-chest-x-ray-in-emergency-department-patients-with-clinical-bronchiolitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Jennifer H Chao, Raymond Chou-Jui Lin, Shashidhar Marneni, Shreya Pandya, Sana Alhajri, Richard Sinert
BACKGROUND: An abnormal Chest-X-ray (CXR) inconsistent with simple bronchiolitis is found in 7%-23% of cases. Despite national guidelines stating "current evidence does not support routine radiography in children with bronchiolitis"; the use of CXR in these patients remains high. Inappropriate use of CXR not only exposes children to excess radiation, but also increases medical costs. The majority of the time, CXRs are obtained to diagnose or rule-out pneumonia. We aim to provide an evidence-based approach defining the utility of CXR in bronchiolitis for the diagnosis and treatment of bacterial pneumonia...
July 18, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412745/-clinical-features-and-therapy-of-persistent-bacterial-bronchitis-in-31-children
#12
J R Shi, J R Liu, H M Li, W Wang, S Y Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features and therapy of persistent bacterial bronchitis (PBB). METHOD: A retrospective review of 31 patients with PBB from Octorber 2010 to May 2014 in Department 2 of Respiratory Diseases in Beijing Children's Hospital was undertaken. RESULT: (1) The patients (17 boys and 14 girls) were 6 months to 3 years old. The main complaint was chronic wet cough (>4 weeks); 13 cases had fever and 25 cases had wheezing...
July 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382044/the-role-of-posterior-aortopexy-in-the-treatment-of-left-mainstem-bronchus-compression
#13
Luigi Arcieri, Paola Serio, Raffaella Nenna, Marco Di Maurizio, Roberto Baggi, Nadia Assanta, Riccardo Moschetti, Bruno Noccioli, Lorenzo Mirabile, Bruno Murzi
OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the role of posterior aortopexy for left mainstem bronchus compression in infants and children. METHODS: Eighteen children with respiratory symptoms were enrolled between 2005 and 2015 for surgical decompression of the left mainstem bronchus. The children were managed from diagnosis to follow-up by a dedicated tracheal team. Primary outcomes were the complete relief of symptoms or improvement with respect to preoperative clinical status. RESULTS: The median age was 4 years (0...
November 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27301601/primary-tracheobronchial-tumors-in-children
#14
Patricio Varela, Luca Pio, Michele Torre
Primary tracheobronchial tumors are rare lesions that can be benign or malignant, with different location along the airway tree. Symptoms may include wheezing, chronic pneumonia, asthma, chest pain, recurrent cough, atelectasis, haemoptysis, and weight loss. Due to the heterogeneity of symptoms, diagnosis can be difficult and the airway involvement can lead progressively to a bronchial or tracheal obstruction. Due to the rarity of primary tracheobronchial tumors in children, there are not any oncological guidelines on pre-operative work-up, treatment, and follow-up...
June 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27236246/factors-associated-with-misplaced-endotracheal-tubes-during-intubation-in-pediatric-patients
#15
Kelsey A Miller, Amir Kimia, Michael C Monuteaux, Joshua Nagler
BACKGROUND: Correct positioning of the endotracheal tube (ETT) during emergent pediatric intubations can be challenging, and incorrect placement may be associated with higher rates of complications. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study are to: 1) assess the prevalence of clinically undetected misplaced ETTs after intubation in the pediatric emergency department; 2) identify predictors of ETT misplacement; and 3) evaluate for any association between intubation-related complications and ETT position...
July 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27129763/use-of-serial-rigid-bronchoscopy-in-the-treatment-of-plastic-bronchitis-in-children
#16
Tutku Soyer, Şule Yalcin, Nagehan Emiralioğlu, Ebru Arik Yilmaz, Ozge Soyer, Diclehan Orhan, Deniz Doğru, Bülent Enis Sekerel, Feridun Cahit Tanyel
AIM: Plastic bronchitis (PB) is a rare disorder characterized by formation of bronchial casts (BC) in the tracheobronchial tree with partial or complete airway obstruction. Although lysis of casts with several fibrinolytic agents has been reported, removal of BC with bronchoscope provides better clearance of airways. A retrospective study was performed to evaluate the use of serial rigid bronchoscopy (RB) in the treatment of PB in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2011 and 2015, children with partial or complete airway obstruction with PB were evaluated for age, gender, underlying disease, clinical findings, results of bronchoscopic interventions and histopathologic findings...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27108295/the-development-of-bronchiectasis-on-chest-computed-tomography-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-can-pre-stages-be-identified
#17
Leonie A Tepper, Daan Caudri, Adria Perez Rovira, Harm A W M Tiddens, Marleen de Bruijne
OBJECTIVE: Bronchiectasis is an important component of cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease but little is known about its development. We aimed to study the development of bronchiectasis and identify determinants for rapid progression of bronchiectasis on chest CT. METHODS: Forty-three patients with CF with at least four consecutive biennial volumetric CTs were included. Areas with bronchiectasis on the most recent CT were marked as regions of interest (ROIs). These ROIs were generated on all preceding CTs using deformable image registration...
December 2016: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27063749/variables-associated-with-repeated-ventilation-tube-insertion-in-healthy-non-syndromic-children
#18
Han Zhang, Yaser Alrajhi, Hamdy El-Hakim
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study was to determine variables associated with rVT insertions for rAOM and/or OME in otherwise healthy children. METHODS: This was designed as a retrospectively controlled cohort study. Patients were identified from a prospectively collected surgical database. Eligible subjects were those who had undergone rVT and a consecutive concurrent control group who received only one ventilation tube (VT). Exclusion criteria included craniofacial abnormalities and syndromes...
May 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26833493/chest-physiotherapy-for-acute-bronchiolitis-in-paediatric-patients-between-0-and-24-months-old
#19
REVIEW
Marta Roqué i Figuls, Maria Giné-Garriga, Claudia Granados Rugeles, Carla Perrotta, Jordi Vilaró
BACKGROUND: This Cochrane review was first published in 2005 and updated in 2007, 2012 and now 2015. Acute bronchiolitis is the leading cause of medical emergencies during winter in children younger than two years of age. Chest physiotherapy is sometimes used to assist infants in the clearance of secretions in order to decrease ventilatory effort. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of chest physiotherapy in infants aged less than 24 months old with acute bronchiolitis...
February 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26806056/right-middle-lobe-atelectasis-in-children-with-asthma-and-prognostic-factors
#20
Ozge Soyer, Cinar Ozen, Ozlem Cavkaytar, Cagri Senyücel, Yildiz Dallar
BACKGROUND: Although right middle lobe (RML)-atelectasis of the lungs is a common complication of asthma, the relevant data is limited. The aim of this study is to define the characteristics of RML atelectasis in asthma during childhood. METHODS: Children with asthma who had recently developed RML atelectasis were included; anti-inflammatory medications, clarithromycin, and inhaled salbutamol were prescribed, chest-physiotherapy (starting on the sixth day) was applied...
July 2016: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
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