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atelectasis children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783820/-efficacy-of-bronchoalveolar-lavage-and-its-influence-factors-in-the-treatment-of-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-pneumonia-with-atelectasis
#1
M Yang, D H Yang, X Yang, Y S Wang, L Wu, Z M Chen
Objective: To investigate the efficacy of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and its influence factors in the treatment of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) with atelectasis. Methods: A retrospective case control study was performed on hospitalized MPP patients with atelectasis and received BAL in the Department of Pulmonology, Children's Hospital Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 1, 2015 to July 31, 2017. Fever relieved in 48 hours and chest imaging improved in one week after BAL were considered effective...
May 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658455/-efficacy-of-early-treatment-via-fiber-bronchoscope-in-children-with-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-pneumonia-complicated-by-airway-mucus-obstruction
#2
Li-Jie Cao, Jian-Hua Liu, Jin-Feng Shuai, Bo Niu, Su-Kun Lu, Kun-Ling Huang
OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy of early treatment via fiber bronchoscope in children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) complicated by airway mucus obstruction. METHODS: According to the time from admission to the treatment via fiber bronchoscope, the children with MPP who were found to have airway mucus obstruction under a fiber bronchoscope were randomly divided into early intervention group (≤3 days; n=40) and late intervention group (>3 days; n=56)...
April 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575312/lung-ultrasound-reclassification-of-chest-x-ray-data-after-pediatric-cardiac-surgery
#3
Massimiliano Cantinotti, Lamia Ait Ali, Marco Scalese, Raffaele Giordano, Manuel Melo, Ettore Remoli, Eliana Franchi, Alberto Clemente, Riccardo Moschetti, Pierluigi Festa, Dorela Haxiademi, Luna Gargani
INTRODUCTION: Lung ultrasound is gaining consensus for the diagnosis of some pulmonary conditions. Pulmonary complications are common in pediatric cardiac surgery. However, its use remains limited in this setting. Our aim was to test the feasibility of lung ultrasound following pediatric cardiac surgery and to compare lung ultrasound and chest X-ray findings, assessing whether lung ultrasound may provide additional information. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-eight lung ultrasound examinations were performed in 79 children (median age 9...
March 25, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315968/cuffed-endotracheal-tubes-in-infants-less-than-3-kg-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Rebecca E Thomas, Shripada C Rao, Corrado Minutillo, Bruce Hullett, Max K Bulsara
BACKGROUND: Cuffed endotracheal tubes are being increasingly used in infants; however, current evidence in the literature mostly includes infants ≥ 3-kg weight. AIMS: The aim of this observational study was to compare the short-term outcomes with the use of Microcuff® cuffed vs uncuffed endotracheal tubes in neonates < 3 kg. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study in a single-centre, tertiary children's hospital neonatal intensive care unit...
March 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278555/lung-recruitment-prevents-collapse-during-laparoscopy-in-children-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Cecilia M Acosta, Tomás Sara, Martín Carpinella, Giovanni Volpicelli, Lila Ricci, Sergio Poliotto, Diego Abrego, Sergio Gonorazky, Stephan H Böhm, Gerardo Tusman
BACKGROUND: Capnoperitoneum and anaesthesia impair lung aeration during laparoscopy in children. These changes can be detected and monitored at the bedside by lung ultrasound (LUS). OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to assess the impact of general anaesthesia and capnoperitoneum on lung collapse and the potential preventive effect of lung recruitment manoeuvres, using LUS in children undergoing laparoscopy. DESIGN: Randomised controlled study...
December 22, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276877/left-upper-lobe-atelectasis-due-to-plastic-bronchitis
#6
Tuğba Şişmanlar, Ayşe Tana Aslan, Çiğdem Öztunalı, Öznur Boyunağa
Şişmanlar T, Aslan AT, Öztunalı Ç, Boyunağa Ö. Left upper lobe atelectasis due to plastic bronchitis. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 207-209. Plastic bronchitis is a rare condition in children, characterized by expectoration of branching bronchial casts. It can cause atelectasis in the lung. Herein we reported a 4.5-year-old boy with left upper lobe atelectasis due to plastic bronchitis. Although his chest X-ray is specific for left upper left atelectasis, thoracic computerized tomography had been performed and was compatible with obliterated left upper lobe bronchus...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258484/lung-ultrasonography-to-diagnose-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-children
#7
Nicola Principi, Andrea Esposito, Caterina Giannitto, Susanna Esposito
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is essential to reduce the total burden of this disease. Traditionally, chest radiography (CR) is used to identify true CAP. However, CR is not a perfect diagnostic test for CAP. The use of lung ultrasonography (LUS) has been suggested as an alternative to overcome the problems associated with CR and increase the feasibility and accuracy of CAP diagnosis. LUS has largely been used for the diagnosis of several lung problems, including CAP, in adult patients with satisfactory results...
December 19, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207760/epituberculosis-revisited-case-report-and-review
#8
Lavina Vishnu Mirchandani, Sindhu S Kamath, Jayalakshami Thelapurath Kutty, Aparna Iyer
Primary pulmonary tuberculosis can involve regional lymph nodes which may resolve spontaneously or on treatment; or they may enlarge causing extrinsic bronchial compression; or cause endobronchial inflammation and ulceration; or a node may erode through the bronchial wall with extrusion of caseous materials into the bronchial tree, causing focal or lobar pneumonia. This erosion is seen radiologically as hilar lymphadenopathy, with atelectasis and consolidation and described as "epituberculosis". It is more common in infants than older children...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201634/innovative-chest-physiotherapy-techniques-the-metaneb-%C3%A2-system-in-the-intubated-child-with-extensive-burns
#9
Alexandra Ferguson, Sarah Wright
Introduction: The Metaneb® is a new generation Intrapulmonary Percussive Ventilation device utilised by the physiotherapist to assist airway clearance by providing calibrated oscillations during inspiration up to 3.8Hz. Predominantly used in the adult chronic respiratory patient, with anecdotal evidence in intubated patients, it was also proven to be safe in a paediatric lung model lab study. This case report outlines the first use of the Metaneb® with an intubated child in Australia...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143200/structural-and-perfusion-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-the-lung-in-cystic-fibrosis
#10
Christina Amaxopoulou, Ralph Gnannt, Kai Higashigaito, Andreas Jung, Christian J Kellenberger
BACKGROUND: Because of its absence of ionising radiation and possibility for obtaining functional information, MRI is promising for assessing lung disease in children who require repetitive imaging for long-term follow-up. OBJECTIVE: To describe MRI findings in children with cystic fibrosis and evaluate semi-quantitative dynamic contrast-enhanced lung perfusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively compared lung MRI in 25 children and young adults with cystic fibrosis (median age 3...
February 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141315/-clinical-efficacy-of-one-lung-ventilation-in-treatment-of-children-postoperatively-intractable-atelectasis
#11
J M Huo, K Bai, Y Q Fu, C J Liu, F Xu
Objective: To investigate the effect of fiberoptic bronchoscope-guided one-lung ventilation (OLV) on treatment of intractable atelectasis in children. Method: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from December 2014 to May 2017. Six patients with intractable atelectasis of left lung were included. Three cases were male and three female with the age from 1.5 to 11.0 years. The endotracheal tube was intubated to the left main bronchus for OLV by the guidance of fiberoptic bronchoscopy...
November 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132465/-application-of-flexible-bronchoscopy-in-children-with-respiratory-diseases
#12
Li-Ping Wang, Shou-Ping Chen, Yu-Ying Huang, Fang-Fang Qin, Wen Ou, Hong-Dong Liu, Xiao-Fang Deng, Lei Lou, Jing Tao, Yu-Xia Cui
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the significance of flexible bronchoscopy in children with respiratory diseases. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 80 children who were hospitalized due to respiratory diseases (including severe pneumonia, Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia with atelectasis/lung consolidation/local emphysema, protracted pneumonia, coughing and wheezing of unknown cause, chronic cough of unknown cause, and laryngeal stridor) and who underwent flexible bronchoscopy/alveolar lavage...
November 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081927/atelectasis-in-pediatrics-a-case-of-carcinoid-tumor
#13
Cláudia Vaz Guerreiro, Paula Ornelas, Luísa Pereira, Nuno Abecasis, Maria Teresa Almodovar
Carcinoid pulmonary tumors occur in the fourth to sixth decades of life. Usually, typical carcinoid arise a decade earlier when compared to atypical carcinoid (45 years and 55 years, respectively). Typical carcinoid tumors are the most common primary lung neoplasm in children and late adolescents, but there are less than 40 cases described in the literature. The clinical presentation is nonspecific and usually the symptoms are due to bronchial obstruction, sometimes with recurrent pneumonia. Its rarity may delay diagnosis but in most cases a favorable course after treatment is observed...
October 3, 2017: Rare Tumors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066586/mechanical-insufflation-exsufflation-versus-conventional-chest-physiotherapy-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#14
Rasintra Siriwat, Jitladda Deerojanawong, Suchada Sritippayawan, Sumalee Hantragool, Prapasri Cheanprapai
BACKGROUND: The cough mechanism is often impaired in children with quadriplegic spastic cerebral palsy, accounting for the high prevalence of pneumonia and atelectasis requiring prolonged hospitalization. Conventional chest physiotherapy (CPT) is a current technique recommended at the onset of lower-respiratory infections in cerebral palsy. Previous studies have demonstrated the usefulness of mechanical insufflation-exsufflation (MI-E) in children with neuromuscular disease. To date, there has been no study of MI-E in children with quadriplegic spastic cerebral palsy...
February 2018: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031787/assessing-prediction-accuracy-for-outcomes-of-ventilator-associated-events-and-infections-in-critically-ill-children-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Y Peña-López, M Pujol, M Campins, L Lagunes, J Balcells, J Rello
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prediction accuracy of the 2008 US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) definitions for ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP)/ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis (VAT), 2013 CDC definitions for ventilator-associated events (VAE) and a new VAE algorithm in the paediatric (Ped) population, the Ped-VAE. METHODS: We performed a prospective 13-month cohort study at a multidisciplinary paediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Primary endpoints were duration of ventilation episode, PICU or hospitalization length of stay from episode and episode mortality...
October 12, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030754/postural-lung-recruitment-assessed-by-lung-ultrasound-in-mechanically-ventilated-children
#16
Gerardo Tusman, Cecilia M Acosta, Stephan H Böhm, Andreas D Waldmann, Carlos Ferrando, Manuel Perez Marquez, Fernando Suarez Sipmann
BACKGROUND: Atelectasis is a common finding in mechanically ventilated children with healthy lungs. This lung collapse cannot be overcome using standard levels of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and thus for only individualized lung recruitment maneuvers lead to satisfactory therapeutic results. In this short communication, we demonstrate by lung ultrasound images (LUS) the effect of a postural recruitment maneuver (P-RM, i.e., a ventilatory strategy aimed at reaerating atelectasis by changing body position under constant ventilation)...
October 13, 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943541/the-correlation-between-chest-x-ray-scores-and-the-clinical-findings-in-children-and-adults-with-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-pneumonia
#17
Takeshi Saraya, Takayasu Watanabe, Yayoi Tsukahara, Kosuke Ohkuma, Haruyuki Ishii, Hirokazu Kimura, Kunimasa Yan, Hajime Goto, Hajime Takizawa
Objective To compare the radiological and laboratory data of children and adults with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) and to evaluate the correlation between the total affected lung area and the clinical findings. Methods We retrospectively examined the data from MPP patients who visited our hospital during the period from April 2006 to July 2014. All data were retrieved at the time of the diagnosis of MPP and were analyzed to investigate the correlation between the clinical findings and the total affected lung area using a chest X-ray scoring system...
November 1, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898549/filamin-a-flna-mutation-a-newcomer-to-the-childhood-interstitial-lung-disease-child-classification
#18
Susan C Shelmerdine, Thomas Semple, Colin Wallis, Paul Aurora, Shahin Moledina, Michael T Ashworth, Catherine M Owens
AIM: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) in infants represents a rare and heterogenous group of disorders, distinct from those occurring in adults. In recent years a new entity within this category is being recognized, namely filamin A (FLNA) mutation related lung disease. Our aims are to describe the clinical and radiological course of patients with this disease entity to aid clinicians in the prognostic counseling and management of similar patients they may encounter. METHOD: A retrospective case note review was conducted of all patients treated at our institution (a specialist tertiary referral childrens' center) for genetically confirmed FLNA mutation related lung disease...
October 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883209/is-anatomic-lung-resection-necessary-in-surgical-treatment-of-giant-lung-hydatid-cysts-in-childhood
#19
Omer Onal, Omer Faruk Demir
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the results of parenchymal saving methods for giant lung hydatid cysts and to discuss the necessity of anatomic lung resection in childhood. METHODS: The patients under the age of 16 years who were operated between January 2000 and January 2017 due to pulmonary hydatid cyst were evaluated retrospectively (n = 200). In all, 32 patients who had giant hydatid cyst were included in this study. Parenchymal saving methods (cystotomy-capitonnage) were preferred and decortication was also performed for pleural thickening if needed...
December 20, 2017: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882178/differential-lung-ventilation-via-tracheostomy-using-two-endotracheal-tubes-in-an-infant-a-case-report
#20
Demet Demirkol, Yasemin Ataman, Gökhan Gündoğdu
BACKGROUND: This case report presents differential lung ventilation in an infant. The aim is to define an alternative technique for performing differential lung ventilation in children. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of this kind. CASE PRESENTATION: A 4.2-kg, 2.5-month-old Asian boy was referred to our facility with refractory hypoxemia and hypercarbia due to asymmetric lung disease with atelectasis of the left lung and hyperinflation of the right lung...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
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