Read by QxMD icon Read

effect of exercise training intensity on abdominal visceral fat and body composition

Shenghui Wu, Kyung-Shin Park, Joseph B McCormick
We investigated the effect of exercise training on body composition change in women. Nineteen Mexican-American and 18 Korean premenopausal overweight/obese women were randomized into one of the following groups: control, low-intensity training group (LI), and high-intensity training group (HI). Subjects completed 12 weeks of training at 50-56% maximal oxygen consumption (LI) or 65-70% maximal oxygen consumption (HI). Body composition components were measured at baseline and after training using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry for Mexican-Americans, while whole-body composition was measured by the direct segmental multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis and abdominal fat was measured by single-slice computed tomography for Koreans...
2017: International Journal of Endocrinology
Christoforos D Giannaki, George Aphamis, Panikos Sakkis, Marios Hadjicharalambous
BACKGROUND: High intensity interval training (HIIT) has been recently promoted as an effective, low volume and time-efficient training method for improving fitness and health related parameters. The aim of the current study was to examine the effect of a combination of a group-based HIIT and conventional gym training on physical fitness and body composition parameters in healthy adults. METHODS: Thirty nine healthy adults volunteered to participate in this eight-week intervention study...
April 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Frédéric Dutheil, Gérard Lac, Bruno Lesourd, Robert Chapier, Guillaume Walther, Agnès Vinet, Vincent Sapin, Julien Verney, Lemlih Ouchchane, Martine Duclos, Philippe Obert, Daniel Courteix
BACKGROUND: Opinions differ over the exercise modalities that best limit cardiovascular risk (CVR) resulting from visceral obesity in individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS). As little is known about the combined effects of resistance and endurance training at high volumes under sound nutritional conditions, we aimed to analyze the impact of various intensities of physical activity on visceral fat and CVR in individuals with MetS. METHODS: 100 participants, aged 50-70 years, underwent a diet restriction (protein intake 1...
October 9, 2013: International Journal of Cardiology
Cris A Slentz, Joseph A Houmard, William E Kraus
The obese are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. However, some who are obese have no metabolic abnormalities. So, it is not adipose tissue per se, but perhaps where it is located that is important for determining metabolic consequences. Regular exercise is known to reduce risk for metabolic disease through numerous mechanisms. The purpose of this report is to highlight some of the efficacy-based data on the effects of exercise (and also a sedentary lifestyle) on abdominal obesity, visceral fat, and metabolic risk...
December 2009: Obesity
Brian A Irving, J Y Weltman, James T Patrie, Christopher K Davis, David W Brock, Damon Swift, Eugene J Barrett, Glenn A Gaesser, Arthur Weltman
CONTEXT: Abdominal adiposity is associated with reduced spontaneous GH secretion, and an increased incidence of the metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Exercise training increases GH secretion, induces abdominal visceral fat loss, and has been shown to improve the cardiometabolic risk factor profile. However, little is known about the effects of endurance training intensity on spontaneous GH release in obese individuals. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to examine the effects of 16 wk endurance training on spontaneous 12-h overnight GH secretion in adults with the metabolic syndrome...
June 2009: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Brian A Irving, Christopher K Davis, David W Brock, Judy Y Weltman, Damon Swift, Eugene J Barrett, Glenn A Gaesser, Arthur Weltman
UNLABELLED: The metabolic syndrome is a complex clustering of metabolic defects associated with physical inactivity, abdominal adiposity, and aging. PURPOSE: To examine the effects of exercise training intensity on abdominal visceral fat (AVF) and body composition in obese women with the metabolic syndrome. METHODS: Twenty-seven middle-aged obese women (mean +/- SD; age = 51 +/- 9 yr and body mass index = 34 +/- 6 kg x m(-2)) with the metabolic syndrome completed one of three 16-wk aerobic exercise interventions: (i) no-exercise training (Control): seven participants maintained their existing levels of physical activity; (ii) low-intensity exercise training (LIET): 11 participants exercised 5 d x wk(-1) at an intensity < or = lactate threshold (LT); and (iii) high-intensity exercise training (HIET): nine participants exercised 3 d x wk(-1) at an intensity > LT and 2 d x wk(-1) < or = LT...
November 2008: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
F Patrick Robinson, Lauretta T Quinn, James H Rimmer
The purposes of this pilot study were to examine the effects of a 16-week supervised high-intensity combined endurance and resistance exercise training program on HIV-associated metabolic abnormalities (abdominal adiposity, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance) and to explore methodological issues related to the design and implementation of the research protocol in preparation for a randomized controlled trial. A one-group pretest-posttest design was used, with outcomes measured at baseline and within 1 week after the conclusion of the training program...
January 2007: Biological Research for Nursing
A Weltman, L Wideman, J Y Weltman, J D Veldhuis
GH secretion declines with aging and is decreased in conditions such as obesity. Several physiologic factors alter pulsatile GH secretion, including age, gender, body composition, regional distribution of fat and in particular abdominal visceral fat, sleep, nutrition, exercise and serum concentrations of gonadal steroids, insulin and IGF-I. Acute aerobic exercise is a powerful stimulus to GH release. Available studies suggest that intensity and duration of acute exercise, fitness, and training state may all influence, in part, the GH response to exercise...
September 2003: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Sang-Kab Park, Jae-Hyun Park, Yoo-Chan Kwon, Ho-Sung Kim, Mi-Suk Yoon, Hyun-Tae Park
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of combined aerobic and resistance training on abdominal fat. Our participants in the study consisted of thirty obese women. They were separated into three groups: a control group (n=10), an aerobic training group (n=10) and a combined training group (n=10). The aerobic training group was composed of 60-70% HRmax (intensity), 60 minutes a day (duration) for 6 days a week (frequency). The combined training group was separated into resistance training (3 days a week, Mon, Wed, Fri) and the aerobic training (3 days a week, Tue, Thu, Sat)...
May 2003: Journal of Physiological Anthropology and Applied Human Science
S Owens, B Gutin, J Allison, S Riggs, M Ferguson, M Litaker, W Thompson
PURPOSE: Children with high levels of total body fat mass (TFM) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) have elevated levels of certain risk factors for coronary artery disease and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. We tested the hypothesis that controlled physical training, without dietary intervention, would have a favorable impact on VAT and percent body fat (%BF) in obese children. METHODS: A volunteer sample of 74 obese children, 7-11 yr of age, accepted random assignment to physical training or control groups...
January 1999: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"