Read by QxMD icon Read

differentiating constrictive pericarditis and

Shuang Liu, Weidong Ren, Jing Zhang, Chunyan Ma, Jun Yang, Yan Zhang, Zhengyu Guan
OBJECTIVES: The tissue motion of annular displacement provides an accurate and rapid assessment of left ventricular (LV) systolic function. However, it has rarely been used in patients with chronic constrictive pericarditis and restrictive cardiomyopathy. This study aimed to assess the differences in LV systolic function in patients with constrictive pericarditis and restrictive cardiomyopathy using tissue motion of annular displacement derived from speckle-tracking echocardiography. METHODS: Twenty-four patients with constrictive pericarditis, 24 with restrictive cardiomyopathy, and 25 healthy volunteers (controls) were enrolled...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Terrence D Welch
Constrictive pericarditis (CP) is a form of diastolic heart failure that arises because an inelastic pericardium inhibits cardiac filling. This disorder must be considered in the differential diagnosis for unexplained heart failure, particularly when the left ventricular ejection fraction is preserved. Risk factors for the development of CP include prior cardiac surgery and radiation therapy, but most cases are still deemed to be idiopathic. Making the diagnosis may be challenging and requires meticulous echocardiographic assessment, often supplemented by cross-sectional cardiac imaging and haemodynamic catheterisation...
May 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Atifur Rahman, Avadhesh Saraswat
BACKGROUND: Pericarditis is an important diagnosis to consider, along with various other differential diagnoses, in a patient who presents with chest pain. OBJECTIVE: This article describes in detail the common features, management and complications of pericarditis in the general practice setting. DISCUSSION: Characteristic clinical findings in pericarditis include pleuritic chest pain and pericardial friction rub on auscultation of the left lower sternal border...
November 2017: Australian Family Physician
Klodian Krakulli, Edvin Prifti, Hortensa Gjergo, Endri Hasimi
INTRODUCTION: Localized pericardial constriction is a rare form of constrictive pericarditis CP. Depending on the CP location, clinical presentation may be variable, including compression and obstruction of right ventricular inflow tract(RVIT), coronary obstruction, or pulmonary stenosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 72-year-old man presented a 2-year history of dyspnea and atrial fibrillation. A contrast enhanced angio computerized tomography clearly demonstrated a large spherical mass about 11×9×4cm in the anterior pericardium, presenting as a mediastinal tumor causing compression and obstruction of the RVIT...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Emily Schuiteman, Thomas Verrill, Nader Mina, Bhavinkumar Dalal
A patent foramen ovale (PFO) is found in around 25-30% of patients. The discovery is often made only on autopsy, as most PFOs are clinically silent and any inter-atrial blood exchange typically shunts from the left to right heart [1]. Thus, when a patient presents with hypoxic respiratory failure, concern for presence of a PFO is rarely at the top of the differential. However, in the setting of elevated right heart pressures, PFOs can become of great hemodynamic importance and can lead to deadly complications, including right to left shunting and refractory hypoxic respiratory failure...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Lin Han, Xin Li, Guanxin Zhang, Zhiyun Xu, Dejun Gong, Fanglin Lu, Xiaohong Liu
OBJECTIVE: Idiopathic and postsurgical constrictive pericarditis is characterized by pericardial structural remodeling that involves fibrosis, calcification, and inflammation. This study aimed to determine whether cell senescence was responsible for pericardial structural remodeling. METHODS: Pericardial interstitial cells derived from patients with idiopathic or postsurgical pericarditis (pericarditis cells) were harvested. Timing of senescence and differences in telomere length were compared between age- and sex-matched controls (nonpericarditis cells)...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Maria Carmo P Nunes, Milton Henriques Guimarães Júnior, Adriana Costa Diamantino, Claudio Leo Gelape, Teresa Cristina Abreu Ferrari
The heart may be affected directly or indirectly by a variety of protozoa and helminths. This involvement may manifest in different ways, but the syndromes resulting from impairment of the myocardium and pericardium are the most frequent. The myocardium may be invaded by parasites that trigger local inflammatory response with subsequent myocarditis or cardiomyopathy, as occurs in Chagas disease, African trypanosomiasis, toxoplasmosis, trichinellosis and infection with free-living amoebae. In amoebiasis and echinococcosis, the pericardium is the structure most frequently involved with consequent pericardial effusion, acute pericarditis, cardiac tamponade or constrictive pericarditis...
May 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Shane Patrick Flood, Omar Ayah, Satoshi Furukawa, Robert B Norris
A 67-year-old man presented with 3 months of exertional dyspnoea and 1 week of oedema. Examination revealed elevated neck veins, pulsus paradoxus, muffled heart sounds, decreased breath sounds and pedal oedema. Transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) demonstrated cardiac tamponade, and chest X-ray showed pleural effusion. Pericardiocentesis, thoracocentesis, laboratory investigations and CT did not elucidate an underlying aetiology. Three weeks later, he presented with recurrent cardiac tamponade and pleural effusion...
January 18, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Jeffrey B Geske, Nandan S Anavekar, Rick A Nishimura, Jae K Oh, Bernard J Gersh
Differentiation of constrictive pericarditis (CP) from restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) is a complex and often challenging process. Because CP is a potentially curable cause of heart failure and therapeutic options for RCM are limited, distinction of these 2 conditions is critical. Although different in regard to etiology, prognosis, and treatment, CP and RCM share a common clinical presentation of predominantly right-sided heart failure, in the absence of significant left ventricular systolic dysfunction or valve disease, due to impaired ventricular diastolic filling...
November 29, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Marta Madeira, Rogério Teixeira, Marco Costa, Lino Gonçalves, Allan L Klein
Transthoracic echocardiography has a pivotal role in the diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis (CP). In addition to the classic M-mode, two-dimensional and Doppler indices, newer methodologies designed to evaluate myocardial mechanics, such as two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2DSTE), provide additional diagnostic and clinical information in the context of CP. Research has demonstrated that cardiac mechanics can improve echocardiographic diagnostic accuracy of CP and aid in differentiating between constrictive and restrictive ventricular physiology...
October 2016: Echocardiography
Partho P Sengupta, Yen-Min Huang, Manish Bansal, Ali Ashrafi, Matt Fisher, Khader Shameer, Walt Gall, Joel T Dudley
BACKGROUND: Associating a patient's profile with the memories of prototypical patients built through previous repeat clinical experience is a key process in clinical judgment. We hypothesized that a similar process using a cognitive computing tool would be well suited for learning and recalling multidimensional attributes of speckle tracking echocardiography data sets derived from patients with known constrictive pericarditis and restrictive cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Clinical and echocardiographic data of 50 patients with constrictive pericarditis and 44 with restrictive cardiomyopathy were used for developing an associative memory classifier-based machine-learning algorithm...
June 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
Bruno Pinamonti, Sara Habjan, Antonio De Luca, Alberto Proclemer, Gaetano Morea, Elena Abate, Giancarlo Vitrella, Gianfranco Sinagra
Constrictive pericarditis is a rare pericardial disorder that causes an impairment of cardiac filling and frequently heart failure. The clinical presentation is non-specific and the differential diagnosis includes myocardial diseases, particularly restrictive cardiomyopathy. Echocardiography has a central role in the initial diagnosis. Some peculiar signs, such as abnormal inspiratory shift of the interventricular septum, increased respiratory variations of transmitral, transtricuspid and hepatic vein flow velocities and the normality of early diastolic relaxation velocity (e') at tissue Doppler, increase the likelihood of the disease...
March 2016: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Gary Tse, Aamir Ali, Francisco Alpendurada, Sanjay Prasad, Claire E Raphael, Vassilis Vassiliou
INTRODUCTION: Constrictive pericarditis is characterized by constriction of the heart secondary to pericardial inflammation. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging is useful imaging modality for addressing the challenges of confirming this diagnosis. It can be used to exclude other causes of right heart failure, such as pulmonary hypertension or myocardial infarction, determine whether the pericardium is causing constriction and differentiate it from restrictive cardiomyopathy, which also causes impaired cardiac filling...
November 2015: Research in Cardiovascular Medicine
Joanna Ścieszka, Józefa Dąbek, Paweł Cieślik
We report a case of a 17-year-old patient referred to our outpatient Doppler Department due to clinical suspicion of liver cirrhosis. The patient presented with non-specific symptoms, such as malaise, pain in the right subcostal region, peripheral oedema. Until then, diagnostic imaging, including echocardiography was inconclusive. We performed the Doppler sonography of the portal system, which revealed normal diameter of the portal vein with abnormal, phasic and markedly pulsatile waveform. Hepatic veins distention with pathological reverse flow during systole was reported...
June 2015: Journal of Ultrasonography
Shuang Liu, Chunyan Ma, Weidong Ren, Jing Zhang, Nan Li, Jun Yang, Yan Zhang, Wei Qiao
Left atrial (LA) function plays an important role in the maintenance of cardiac output. However, whether assessment of regional LA myocardial dysfunction is useful for differentiating between CP and restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) remains unclear. Thirty-five patients with CP, 30 patients with RCM, and 30 healthy volunteers (controls) were enrolled in this study. The LA maximum volume (Vmax), LA minimal volume (Vmin), and LA volume before atrial contraction (Vpre-a) were measured using the biplane modified Simpson's rule...
December 2015: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Gonçalo Filipe Domingos Nunes, Narcisa Fatela, Fernando Ramalho
Constrictive pericarditis (CP) is an uncommon disease resulting from chronic pericardial inflammation, fibrosis and calcification. Once there are atypical forms of presentation, with subtle or nonexistent cardiorespiratory symptoms, diagnosis may be challenging and difficult. Recurrent ascites in patients with congestive hepatopathy due to constrictive pericarditis is common and, in most cases, reversible after pericardiectomy. Nevertheless, development of persistent liver dysfunction may be a long-term complication...
June 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Zurabi Lominadze, Leila Kia, Sanjiv Shah, Keyur Parekh, Josh Levitsky
We report a 43-year-old man who presented for evaluation of ascites, varices, and hepatosplenomegaly. Initial labs were notable for normal platelets, mild liver synthetic dysfunction, and disproportionately elevated alkaline phosphatase. He was presumed to have underlying cirrhosis, and diuresis was attempted without success. A transjugular liver biopsy showed marked sinusoidal dilation without cirrhosis. Diagnostic paracentesis revealed fluid studies suggestive of cardiac ascites. Further cardiac evaluation confirmed constrictive pericarditis...
April 2015: ACG Case Reports Journal
Shrenik Doshi, Sivasubramanian Ramakrishnan, Saurabh Kumar Gupta
Cardiac catheterization and hemodynamic study is the gold standard for the diagnosis of pericardial constriction. Careful interpretation of the hemodynamic data is essential to differentiate it from other diseases with restrictive physiology. In this hemodynamic review we shall briefly discuss the physiologic basis of various hemodynamic changes seen in a patient with constrictive pericarditis.
March 2015: Indian Heart Journal
O L Bockeriia, I I Averina
Key factors defining the prognosis of patients with heart failure (HF) are cardiac remodeling and myocardial contractility. New methods of visualization of myocardial motion gave impulse to research in the area of heart physiology and pathology. However in clinical practice these methods are still rarely used. Evaluation of systolic and diastolic functions based on tissue Doppler (TD), 2D and 3D speckle tracking data provides information on the pressure of left ventricular (LV) filling and enables carrying out differential diagnosis between constrictive pericarditis and myocardial diseases with diastolic dysfunction, dyspnea caused by cardiac and extracardiac causes...
2015: Kardiologiia
Giovanni Donato Aquaro, Andrea Barison, Alessandro Cagnolo, Giancarlo Todiere, Massimo Lombardi, Michele Emdin
Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR) allows evaluation of the functional and flow changes in pericardial constriction as well as detection of acute pericardial inflammation, fusion and thickening of pericardial layers and pericardial effusion. We sought to evaluate the diagnostic role of tissue characterization by CMR in constrictive pericarditis (CP). We performed a CMR exam in 70 patients (mean age 58 ± 16) with clinical suspicion of constrictive pericarditis and constrictive pattern at echocardiography and/or catheterization...
June 2015: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"