keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Equine Testing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344980/analytical-validation-of-a-new-point-of-care-assay-for-serum-amyloid-a-in-horses
#1
D Schwartz, N Pusterla, S Jacobsen, M M Christopher
BACKGROUND: Serum amyloid A (SAA) is a major acute phase protein in horses. A new point-of-care (POC) test for SAA (Stablelab) is available, but studies evaluating its analytical accuracy are lacking. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the analytical performance of the SAA POC test by: (1) determining linearity and imprecision, (2) comparing results in whole blood with those in serum or plasma, and (3) comparing POC results with those obtained using a previously validated turbidimetric immunoassay (TIA)...
January 17, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342064/minimally-manipulated-bone-marrow-concentrate-compared-with-microfracture-treatment-of-full-thickness-chondral-defects-a-one-year-study-in-an-equine-model
#2
Constance R Chu, Lisa A Fortier, Ashley Williams, Karin A Payne, Taralyn M McCarrel, Megan E Bowers, Diego Jaramillo
BACKGROUND: Microfracture is commonly performed for cartilage repair but usually results in fibrocartilage. Microfracture augmented by autologous bone marrow concentrate (BMC) was previously shown to yield structurally superior cartilage repairs in an equine model compared with microfracture alone. The current study was performed to test the hypothesis that autologous BMC without concomitant microfracture improves cartilage repair compared with microfracture alone. METHODS: Autologous sternal bone marrow aspirate (BMA) was concentrated using a commercial system...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341906/lateralization-of-mother-infant-interactions-in-wild-horses
#3
Karina Karenina, Andrey Giljov, Yegor Malashichev
The manifestation of behavioural lateralization has been shown to be modified by environmental conditions, life experiences, and selective breeding. This study tests whether the lateralization recently found in feral domestic horse (Equus caballus) is evident in undomesticated horses. Mother-offspring interactions were investigated in Przewalski's horse (E. ferus przewalskii) living in their natural habitat in Mongolia. Lateral position preferences during mare-foal spontaneous reunions were used as a behavioural marker of visual lateralization...
January 13, 2018: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341315/use-of-quantitative-real-time-pcr-to-determine-viability-of-streptococcus-equi-subspecies-equi-in-respiratory-secretions-from-horses-with-strangles
#4
N Pusterla, C M Leutenegger, S M Barnum, B A Byrne
BACKGROUND: In recent years, molecular approaches have been able to characterise the viability of equine upper respiratory tract pathogens using absolute molecular quantitation as well as detection of transcripts for virulence genes. OBJECTIVES: The objective this study was to investigate molecular surrogates for S. equi subspecies equi (S. equi) viability in biological samples from horses with strangles. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study...
January 17, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334127/non-enzymatic-cross-linking-of-collagen-type-ii-fibrils-is-tuned-via-osmolality-switch
#5
Behdad Pouran, Parisa R Moshtagh, Vahid Arbabi, Jessica Snabel, Reinout Stoop, Jeffrey Ruberti, Jos Malda, Amir A Zadpoor, Harrie Weinans
An important aspect in cartilage ageing is accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) after exposure to sugars. Advanced glycation results in crosslinks formation between the collagen fibrils in articular cartilage, hampering their flexibility and making cartilage more brittle. In the current study, we investigate whether collagen crosslinking after exposure to sugars depends on the stretching condition of the collagen fibrils. Healthy equine cartilage specimens were exposed to L-threose sugar and placed in hypo-, iso- or hyper-osmolal conditions that expanded or shrank the tissue and changed the 3D conformation of collagen fibrils...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329623/parasite-control-strategies-used-by-equine-owners-in-the-united-states-a-national-survey
#6
M K Nielsen, M A Branan, A M Wiedenheft, R Digianantonio, L P Garber, C A Kopral, A M Phillippi-Taylor, J L Traub-Dargatz
The widespread occurrence of anthelmintic resistance in equine parasites across the world has led to recommendations of fecal egg count-based parasite programs to reduce treatment intensity and thereby delay further development of resistance as much as possible. The most recent study describing equine parasite control in the United States was conducted 20 years ago, and little is known about current strategies employed. This study was part of the National Animal Health Monitoring Systems (NAHMS) Equine 2015 Study, and aimed to describe equine parasite control strategies in the U...
January 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324680/phylogenetic-analysis-and-characterization-of-a-sporadic-isolate-of-equine-influenza-a-h3n8-from-an-unvaccinated-horse-in-2015
#7
Chithra C Sreenivasan, Sunayana S Jandhyala, Sisi Luo, Ben M Hause, Milton Thomas, David E B Knudsen, Pamela Leslie-Steen, Travis Clement, Stephanie E Reedy, Thomas M Chambers, Jane Christopher-Hennings, Eric Nelson, Dan Wang, Radhey S Kaushik, Feng Li
Equine influenza, caused by the H3N8 subtype, is a highly contagious respiratory disease affecting equid populations worldwide and has led to serious epidemics and transboundary pandemics. This study describes the phylogenetic characterization and replication kinetics of recently-isolated H3N8 virus from a nasal swab obtained from a sporadic case of natural infection in an unvaccinated horse from Montana, USA. The nasal swab tested positive for equine influenza by Real-Time Quantitative Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR)...
January 11, 2018: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317885/seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-for-theileria-equi-infection-in-equines-from-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-province-pakistan
#8
Muhammad Jamal Khan Afridi, Abdul Hafeez Mian, Muhammad Saqib, Ghazanfar Abbas, Javid Ali, Muhammad Khalid Mansoor, Awais Ur Rahman Sial, Imaad Rasheed, Muhammad Hammad Hussain
Background: Theileria equi is a tick borne protozoan parasite which causes piroplasmosis among equines worldwide. The present study was aimed to determine seroprevalence of T. equi in donkeys, horses, and mules from two equine populated districts (Peshawar and Charsadda) of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Pakistan. Methods: A total of 393 equine (195 horses, 194 donkeys and 4 mules) serum samples were collected from five and four randomly selected localities in Charsadda (n = 193) and Peshawar (n = 200), respectively...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291385/serological-detection-and-molecular-characterization-of-piroplasmids-in-equids-in-brazil
#9
Maria Isabel Botelho Vieira, Márcio Machado Costa, Mateus Tonial de Oliveira, Luiz Ricardo Gonçalves, Marcos Rogério André, Rosangela Zacarias Machado
Equine piroplasmosis is a disease caused by the hemoparasites Babesia caballi and Theileria equi and is considered to be the most important parasitic infection affecting Equidae. The objective of the present study was to carry out an epidemiological molecular and serological survey for the presence of these two protozoal organisms in equids from the northwestern region of the State of Rio Grande do Sul (RS), south Brazil. For this purpose, blood samples were collected from 90 equids in the city of Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil...
December 29, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287187/evaluation-of-oral-sugar-test-response-for-detection-of-equine-metabolic-syndrome-in-obese-crioulo-horses
#10
C Cantarelli, S L Dau, S Stefanello, M S Azevedo, G R De Bastiani, H E Palma, K E Brass, F D De La Côrte
Owing to the high prevalence of obesity in Crioulo horses, information allowing early diagnosis of equine metabolic syndrome (EMS) and prevention of the associated laminitis is of great value. The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of EMS and the response to an oral sugar test (OST) in obese Crioulo horses. Twenty-two Crioulo horses were allocated into 3 groups according to their body condition score (BCS out of 9) and presence or absence of laminitis as follows: CON (6/22), BCS < 7; OB (8/22), BCS ≥ 7; and LAM (8/22), BCS ≥7 with clinical and/or radiographic signs of laminitis...
October 31, 2017: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284383/comparison-of-two-methods-for-measurement-of-equine-adrenocorticotropin
#11
Heidi E Banse, Nichol Schultz, Molly McCue, Ray Geor, Dianne McFarlane
Accurate measurement of equine adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) is important for the diagnosis of equine pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (PPID). Several radioimmunoassays (RIAs) and chemiluminescent immunoassays (CIAs) are used for measurement of ACTH concentration in horses; whether these methods yield similar results across a range of concentrations is not determined. We evaluated agreement between a commercial RIA and CIA. Archived plasma samples ( n = 633) were measured with both assays. Correlation between the 2 methods was moderate ( r = 0...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279085/tick-borne-infections-in-dogs-and-horses-in-the-state-of-esp%C3%A3-rito-santo-southeast-brazil
#12
Fernanda de Toledo Vieira, Igor Cunha Lima Acosta, Thiago Fernandes Martins, Jonas Moraes Filho, Felipe da Silva Krawczak, Amália Regina Mar Barbieri, Leandro Egert, Danieli Rankel Fernandes, Fabio Ribeiro Braga, Marcelo Bahia Labruna, Reynaldo Dietze
This work aims to identify and quantify the percentage of Rickettsia spp., Ehrlichia spp., Babesia spp. and Hepatozoon spp. positive pet dogs, and to identify ticks collected on these animals in the state of Espírito Santo, in the Southeast region of Brazil. The study included 378 dogs, 226 females and 152 males, of various breeds and ages (mean age of 4.1 years). All animals were examined for ticks, and whole blood was collected and processed by conventional PCR protocols for Babesia spp., Anaplasmataceae, Hepatozoon spp...
January 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209631/maxillary-sinus-floor-augmentation-using-an-equine-derived-graft-material-preliminary-results-in-17-patients
#13
F Rivara, M Negri, S Lumetti, L Parisi, A Toffoli, E Calciolari, E Manfredi, G M Macaluso
Objective: Sinus floor elevation with lateral approach is probably the most frequently performed reconstructive procedure to rehabilitate posterior maxilla when a bone deficiency is present. Different graft materials have been proposed and tested, often with high clinical performances and predictable results. Histological analysis is required when evaluating new materials. We investigated human biopsies retrieved after sinus floor elevation procedure by histomorphometric evaluation to test the performance of an equine-derived bone grafting material...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208065/use-of-confocal-microscopy-to-evaluate-equine-zygote-development-after-sperm-injection-of-oocytes-matured-in-vivo-or-in-vitro
#14
Elena Ruggeri, Keith F DeLuca, Cesare Galli, Giovanna Lazzari, Jennifer G DeLuca, Joanne E Stokes, Elaine M Carnevale
Confocal microscopy was used to image stages of equine zygote development, at timed intervals, after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) of oocytes that were matured in vivo or in vitro. After fixation for 4, 6, 8, 12, or 16 h after ICSI, zygotes were incubated with α/β tubulin antibodies and human anticentromere antibody (CREST/ACA), washed, incubated in secondary antibodies, conjugated to either Alexa 488 or Alexa 647, and incubated with 561-Phalloidin and Hoechst 33258. An Olympus IX81 spinning disk confocal microscope was used for imaging...
December 6, 2017: Microscopy and Microanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203939/a-retrospective-study-of-owner-requested-testing-as-surveillance-for-equine-infectious-anemia-in-canada-2009-2012
#15
Sara N Higgins, Krista J Howden, Carolyn R James, Tasha Epp, Katharina L Lohmann
This retrospective study was undertaken to estimate i) the surveillance coverage for equine infectious anemia (EIA) based on owner-requested testing, and ii) the incidence of case detection from this surveillance activity to inform a review of Canada's national disease control strategy. Based on sample submissions by accredited veterinarians to laboratories CFIA-approved for EIA testing between 2009 and 2012, the estimated national surveillance coverage was 14% for all years, and 72 cases of EIA were detected...
December 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198841/-antimicrobial-susceptibility-in-isolates-of-streptococcus-equi-subsp-equi-from-buenos-aires-province-argentina
#16
Carla P Bustos, María J Marfil, Natalia S Lanza, Nora Guida
Streptococcus equi subsp. equi is the etiologic agent of strangles, an infectious disease affecting the upper respiratory tract and head and neck lymph nodes of equines. Routine antimicrobial therapy includes penicillin (PEN) as antibiotic of first choice. Streptococci are usually susceptible to PEN and only a few antimicrobial studies had been performed. The aim of this work was to study the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of S. equi from Buenos Aires, Argentina. Ninety-two isolates were studied by the single disk method to PEN, cefotaxime, erythromycin (ERY), tetracycline, enrofloxacin (ENR), trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole (TMS), ciprofloxacin, clindamycin (CLI), streptomycin (STR) and florfenicol...
November 30, 2017: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195115/effect-of-dietary-carbohydrates-and-time-of-year-on-acth-and-cortisol-concentrations-in-adult-and-aged-horses
#17
S I Jacob, R J Geor, P S D Weber, P A Harris, M E McCue
Diagnosis of equine pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (PPID) remains a challenge as multiple factors (stress, exercise, and time of year) influence ACTH and cortisol concentrations. To assess endocrine status in a study designed to evaluate the effects of age and diet on glucose and insulin dynamics, we performed thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) stimulation tests and overnight dexamethasone suppression tests in March, May, August, and October on 16 healthy Thoroughbred and Standardbred mares and geldings...
November 1, 2017: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191737/immunogenic-response-in-obese-patients-undergoing-rabies-post-exposure-prophylaxis-with-combined-equine-rabies-immunoglobulin-and-rabies-vaccination
#18
Jatuporn Sirikun, Yupin Suputtamongkol, Ploypailin Rattanachinakorn, Athiwat Primsirikunawut
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for increased morbidity and mortality associated with many vaccine preventable infectious diseases such as influenza. Moreover, higher volume of passive rabies immunoglobulin (RIG) due to weight based dosing might suppress vaccine-induced immune responses in obese patients. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of obesity on humoral immune responses to combined equine RIG and rabies vaccine treatment among patients with WHO category III exposure to a rabies suspected animal...
November 27, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190290/skeletal-muscle-mitochondrial-bioenergetics-and-associations-with-myostatin-genotypes-in-the-thoroughbred-horse
#19
Mary F Rooney, Richard K Porter, Lisa M Katz, Emmeline W Hill
Variation in the myostatin (MSTN) gene has been reported to be associated with race distance, body composition and skeletal muscle fibre composition in the horse. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that MSTN variation influences mitochondrial phenotypes in equine skeletal muscle. Mitochondrial abundance and skeletal muscle fibre types were measured in whole muscle biopsies from the gluteus medius of n = 82 untrained (21 ± 3 months) Thoroughbred horses. Skeletal muscle fibre type proportions were significantly (p < 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185468/consistency-and-flexibility-in-solving-spatial-tasks-different-horses-show-different-cognitive-styles
#20
Paolo Baragli, Valentina Vitale, Claudio Sighieri, Antonio Lanata, Elisabetta Palagi, Adam R Reddon
Individual animals vary in their behaviour and reactions to novel situations. These differences may extend to differences in cognition among individuals. We tested twenty-six horses for their ability to detour around symmetric and asymmetric obstacles. All of the animals were able to get around the barrier to reach a food target, but varied in their approach. Some horses moved slowly but were more accurate in choosing the shortest way. Other horses acted quickly, consistently detoured in the same direction, and did not reliably choose the shortest way...
November 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
54628
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"