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reniform nematode

Churamani Khanal, Edward C McGawley, Charles Overstreet, Sally Stetina
The reniform nematode (Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford and Oliveira) has emerged as the most important plant parasitic nematode of cotton in the United States cotton belt. Success in the development of reniform nematode resistant upland cotton cultivars (Gossypium hirsutum L.) has not been realized despite over three decades of breeding efforts. Research approaches ranging from conventional breeding to triple species hybrids to marker-assisted selection have been employed to introgress reniform nematode resistance from other species of cotton into upland cultivars...
November 8, 2017: Phytopathology
Nathan W Redding, Paula Agudelo, Christina E Wells
The semi-endoparastic reniform nematode (Rotylenchulus reniformis) infects over 300 plant species. Females penetrate host roots and induce formation of complex, multinucleate feeding sites called syncytia. While anatomical changes associated with reniform nematode infection are well documented, little is known about their molecular basis. We grew soybean (Glycine max) in a split-root growth system, inoculated half of each root system with R. reniformis, and quantified gene expression in infected and control root tissue at four dates after inoculation...
February 2018: Phytopathology
Abdelraheem Abdelraheem, Feng Liu, Mingzhou Song, Jinfa F Zhang
The number and location of mapped quantitative trait loci (QTL) depend on genetic populations and testing environments. The identification of consistent QTL across genetic backgrounds and environments is a pre-requisite to marker-assisted selection. This study analyzed a total of 661 abiotic and biotic stress resistance QTL based on our previous work and other publications using the meta-analysis software Biomercator. It identified chromosomal regions containing QTL clusters for different resistance traits and hotspots for a particular resistance trait in cotton from 98 QTL for drought tolerance under greenhouse (DT) and 150 QTL in field conditions (FDT), 80 QTL for salt tolerance in the greenhouse conditions (ST), 201 QTL for resistance to Verticillium wilt (VW, Verticillium dahliae), 47 QTL for resistance to Fusarium wilt (FW, Fusarium oxysporum f...
December 2017: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
Salliana R Stetina, John E Erpelding
In the southeastern United States, reniform nematode (Rotylenchulus reniformis) is a serious pest of upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum), a species which has no naturally occurring resistance against this nematode. To identify sources of reniform nematode resistance in species closely related to upland cotton, 222 G. arboreum accessions from the U.S. germplasm collection were evaluated in repeated growth chamber experiments. In initial screenings, root infection was measured 4 wks after inoculation. The 15 accessions supporting the fewest infections (PI 529992, PI 615755, PI 615766, PI 615788, PI 615848, PI 615856, PI 615950, PI 615977, PI 615991, PI 616008, PI 616016, PI 616062, PI 616126, PI 616159, and A2 553) were evaluated again in confirmation tests lasting 8 wk...
December 2016: Journal of Nematology
Casey L Ruark, Stephen R Koenning, Eric L Davis, Charles H Opperman, Steven A Lommel, Melissa G Mitchum, Tim L Sit
Five viruses were previously discovered infecting soybean cyst nematodes (SCN; Heterodera glycines) from greenhouse cultures maintained in Illinois. In this study, the five viruses [ScNV, ScPV, ScRV, ScTV, and SbCNV-5] were detected within SCN greenhouse and field populations from North Carolina (NC) and Missouri (MO). The prevalence and titers of viruses in SCN from 43 greenhouse cultures and 25 field populations were analyzed using qRT-PCR. Viral titers within SCN greenhouse cultures were similar throughout juvenile development, and the presence of viral anti-genomic RNAs within egg, second-stage juvenile (J2), and pooled J3 and J4 stages suggests active viral replication within the nematode...
2017: PloS One
Ki-Seung Kim, Tri D Vuong, Dan Qiu, Robert T Robbins, J Grover Shannon, Zenglu Li, Henry T Nguyen
Integration of genetic analysis, molecular biology, and genomic approaches drastically enhanced our understanding of genetic control of nematode resistance and provided effective breeding strategies in soybeans. Three nematode species, including soybean cyst (SCN, Heterodera glycine), root-knot (RKN, Meloidogyne incognita), and reniform (RN, Rotylenchulus reniformis), are the most destructive pests and have spread to soybean growing areas worldwide. Host plant resistance has played an important role in their control...
December 2016: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Aarti Bairwa, H R Patel
Comparative pathogenicity of reniform nematode on root-knot resistant ABT 10 and susceptible bidi tobacco A119 revealed that ABT 10 was found significantly superior to A119 with respect to plant growth characters and as good as A119 with respect to multiplication of reniform nematode. Initial inoculum of 1,000 J4 of the nematode found damaging to both ABT 10 and A119 varieties of bidi tobacco.
September 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Aarti Bairwa, H R Patel
Estimation of avoidable loss in yield of bidi tobacco due to reniform nematode under pot conditions revealed that variety A 119 suffered heavily than ABT 10 due to reniform nematode. Inoculation of reniform nematode @ 2000 J4 per plant significantly reduced the plant growth characters and increased nematode multiplication preferring A 119 variety. Estimation of avoidable loss in cured shoot yield of bidi tobacco due to infection of reniform nematode in individual variety ABT 10 and A 119 has been estimated to the tune of 30...
June 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Seloame T Nyaku, Ramesh V Kantety, Ernst Cebert, Kathy S Lawrence, Joseph O Honger, Govind C Sharma
U.S. cotton production is suffering from the yield loss caused by the reniform nematode (RN), Rotylenchulus reniformis. Management of this devastating pest is of utmost importance because, no upland cotton cultivar exhibits adequate resistance to RN. Nine populations of RN from distinct regions in Alabama and one population from Mississippi were studied and thirteen morphometric features were measured on 20 male and 20 female nematodes from each population. Highly correlated variables (positive) in female and male RN morphometric parameters were observed for body length (L) and distance of vulva from the lip region (V) (r = 0...
April 2016: Plant Pathology Journal
Salliana R Stetina
The reniform nematode (Rotylenchulus reniformis) causes significant cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) losses in the southeastern United States. The research objective was to describe the effects of two resistant G. barbadense lines (cultivar TX 110 and accession GB 713) on development and fecundity of reniform nematode. Nematode development and fecundity were evaluated on the resistant lines and susceptible G. hirsutum cultivar Deltapine 16 in three repeated growth chamber experiments. Nematode development on roots early and late in the infection cycle was measured at set intervals from 1 to 25 d after inoculation (DAI) and genotypes were compared based on the number of nematodes in four developmental stages (vermiform, swelling, reniform, and gravid)...
December 2015: Journal of Nematology
Fabiano M Vieira, Felipe B Pereira, Camila Pantoja, Iris A Soares, Aldenice N Pereira, Juan T Timi, Tomáš Scholz, José L Luque
A taxonomic survey of six nematode species (including three new taxa) from the genus Cucullanus Müller, 1777, parasites of marine fishes off the Brazilian coast, is provided. Nematodes were studied using light and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Cucullanus gastrophysi n. sp. parasitic in Lophius gastrophysus Miranda Ribeiro differs from its congeners by the combination of the following features: shape and number of sclerotized structures in the oesophastome (a pair of lateral elongate structures and a single small reniform one), position of deirids and excretory pore (both anterior to oesophagus base), spicule length and spicule/body length ratio (0...
2015: Zootaxa
Ruijuan Li, Aaron M Rashotte, Narendra K Singh, Kathy S Lawrence, David B Weaver, Robert D Locy
Reniform nematode is a semi-endoparasitic nematode species causing significant yield loss in numerous crops, including cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). An RNA-sequencing analysis was conducted to measure transcript abundance in reniform nematode susceptible (DP90 & SG747), resistant (BARBREN-713), and hypersensitive (LONREN-1) genotypes of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) with and without reniform nematode infestation. Over 90 million trimmed high quality reads were assembled into 84,711 and 80, 353 transcripts using the G...
2015: PloS One
Congli Wang, Mauricio Ulloa, Xinyi Shi, Xiaohui Yuan, Christopher Saski, John Z Yu, Philip A Roberts
Genetic and physical framework mapping in cotton (Gossypium spp.) were used to discover putative gene sequences involved in resistance to common soil-borne pathogens. Chromosome (Chr) 11 and its homoeologous Chr 21 of Upland cotton (G. hirsutum) are foci for discovery of resistance (R) or pathogen-induced R (PR) genes underlying QTLs involved in response to root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita), reniform nematode (Rotylenchulus reniformis), Fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum), Verticillium wilt (Verticillium dahliae), and black root rot (Thielaviopsis basicola)...
2015: Frontiers in Plant Science
Jinfa Zhang, Jiwen Yu, Wenfeng Pei, Xingli Li, Joseph Said, Mingzhou Song, Soum Sanogo
BACKGROUND: Verticillium wilt (VW) and Fusarium wilt (FW), caused by the soil-borne fungi Verticillium dahliae and Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum, respectively, are two most destructive diseases in cotton production worldwide. Root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne incognita, RKN) and reniform nematodes (Rotylenchulus reniformis, RN) cause the highest yield loss in the U.S. Planting disease resistant cultivars is the most cost effective control method. Numerous studies have reported mapping of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for disease resistance in cotton; however, very few reliable QTLs were identified for use in genomic research and breeding...
2015: BMC Genomics
Martin J Wubben, Lily Gavilano, Thomas J Baum, Eric L Davis
The reniform nematode, Rotylenchulus reniformis, is a sedentary semi-endoparasitic species with a host range that encompasses more than 77 plant families. Nematode effector proteins containing plant-ligand motifs similar to CLAVATA3/ESR (CLE) peptides have been identified in the Heterodera, Globodera, and Meloidogyne genera of sedentary endoparasites. Here, we describe the isolation, sequence analysis, and spatiotemporal expression of three R. reniformis genes encoding putative CLE motifs named Rr-cle-1, Rr-cle-2, and Rr-cle-3...
June 2015: Journal of Nematology
Yongqing Jiao, Tri D Vuong, Yang Liu, Zenglu Li, Jim Noe, Robert T Robbins, Trupti Joshi, Dong Xu, J Grover Shannon, Henry T Nguyen
Soybean cyst nematode (SCN, Heterodera glycine Ichinohe), southern root-knot nematode [SRKN, Meloidogyne incognita (Kofoid and White) Chitwood] and reniform nematode (RN, Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford and Oliveira) are three important plant-parasitic pests in soybean. Previous study showed that plant introduction (PI) 567516C harbored novel quantitative trait loci (QTL) conferring SCN resistance to soybean. However, QTL underlying resistance to SRKN and RN in PI 567516C remain unknown. The objectives of this study were to identify QTL for resistance to SRKN and RN in PI 567516C...
2015: Molecular Breeding: New Strategies in Plant Improvement
Claudia M Holguin, Patrick Gerard, John D Mueller, Ahmad Khalilian, Paula Agudelo
Reniform nematode (RN) is an important pest in cotton production. Knowledge of the distribution patterns of RN is essential for selecting sampling strategies and for site-specific management. A 3-year study was conducted in two fields in South Carolina with the purpose of characterizing the distribution of RN using a fine-scale sampling scheme in plots representing different soil textures (field 1), and using a large-scale arbitrary sampling scheme (field 2). Horizontal distribution data showed an aggregated pattern of RN densities at planting and after harvest in both fields each year, with patches ranging from 8 to 12 m...
May 2015: Phytopathology
Martin J Wubben, Franklin E Callahan, Jeff Velten, John J Burke, Johnie N Jenkins
Transgene-based analysis of the MIC-3 gene provides the first report of a cotton gene having a direct role in mediating cotton resistance to root-knot nematode. Major quantitative trait loci have been mapped to Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) chromosomes 11 and 14 that govern the highly resistant phenotype in response to infection by root-knot nematode (RKN; Meloidogyne incognita); however, nearly nothing is known regarding the underlying molecular determinants of this RKN-resistant phenotype. Multiple lines of circumstantial evidence have strongly suggested that the MIC (Meloidogyne Induced Cotton) gene family plays an integral role in mediating cotton resistance to RKN...
February 2015: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Seloame T Nyaku, Venkateswara R Sripathi, Ramesh V Kantety, Sarah B Cseke, Ramesh Buyyarapu, Robert Mc Ewan, Yong Q Gu, Kathy Lawrence, Zachary Senwo, Padmini Sripathi, Pheba George, Govind C Sharma
The reniform nematode (RN), a major agricultural pest particularly on cotton in the United States, is among the major plant-parasitic nematodes for which limited genomic information exists. In this study, over 380 Mb of sequence data were generated from pooled DNA of four adult female RNs and assembled into 67,317 contigs, including 25,904 (38.5%) predicted coding contigs and 41,413 (61.5%) noncoding contigs. Most of the characterized repeats were of low complexity (88.9%), and 0.9% of the contigs matched with 53...
April 2014: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
Salliana R Stetina, James R Smith, Jeffery D Ray
Identification of resistance to reniform nematode (Rotylenchulus reniformis) is the first step in developing resistant soybean (Glycine max) cultivars that will benefit growers in the mid-South region of the United States. This study was conducted to identify soybean (G. max and G. soja) lines with resistance to this pathogen. Sixty-one wild and domestic soybean lines were evaluated in replicated growth chamber tests. Six previously untested soybean lines with useful levels of resistance to reniform nematode were identified in both initial screening and subsequent confirmation tests: released germplasm lines DS4-SCN05 (PI 656647) and DS-880 (PI 659348); accession PI 567516 C; and breeding lines DS97-84-1, 02011-126-1-1-2-1 and 02011-126-1-1-5-1...
March 2014: Journal of Nematology
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