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Trends in Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112194/genome-wide-association-study-identifies-a-novel-locus-for-cannabis-dependence
#1
A Agrawal, Y-L Chou, C E Carey, D A A Baranger, B Zhang, R Sherva, L Wetherill, M Kapoor, J-C Wang, S Bertelsen, A P Anokhin, V Hesselbrock, J Kramer, M T Lynskey, J L Meyers, J I Nurnberger, J P Rice, J Tischfield, L J Bierut, L Degenhardt, L A Farrer, J Gelernter, A R Hariri, A C Heath, H R Kranzler, P A F Madden, N G Martin, G W Montgomery, B Porjesz, T Wang, J B Whitfield, H J Edenberg, T Foroud, A M Goate, R Bogdan, E C Nelson
Despite moderate heritability, only one study has identified genome-wide significant loci for cannabis-related phenotypes. We conducted meta-analyses of genome-wide association study data on 2080 cannabis-dependent cases and 6435 cannabis-exposed controls of European descent. A cluster of correlated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a novel region on chromosome 10 was genome-wide significant (lowest P=1.3E-8). Among the SNPs, rs1409568 showed enrichment for H3K4me1 and H3K427ac marks, suggesting its role as an enhancer in addiction-relevant brain regions, such as the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and the angular and cingulate gyri...
November 7, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102367/-the-psychiatric-comorbidity-of-anorexia-nervosa-a-comparative-study-in-a-population-of-french-and-greek-anorexic-patients
#2
M Kountza, G Garyfallos, D Ploumpidis, E Varsou, I Gkiouzepas
OBJECTIVE: The current study had two objectives: (1) to access the psychiatric comorbidity in axis I and axis II (according to DSM-IV) of anorexia nervosa in a sample of 60 anorexic patients; (2) to compare the features of the psychiatric comorbidity between the two groups of French and Greek anorexic patients who participated in the study, as well as to compare some psychological and behavioral aspects of their anorectic psychopathology. METHOD: Sixty anorexic patients, thirty French and thirty Greek, aged between 18 and 60 years, referred for evaluation and therapy at the unit of eating disorders at the "Institut national Marcel-Rivière of the MGEN" (hôpital de La Verrière, France) and at the unit of eating disorders of the First Department of Psychiatry of EGINITIO University Psychiatric Hospital in Athens (Greece), were accessed with the Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT26), Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL90R), Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, Version 5...
November 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084129/analysis-of-incidents-of-violence-in-a-large-italian-hospital
#3
Dimitri Sossai, Francesco Stefano Molina, Mario Amore, Giovanna Ferrandes, Elena Sarcletti, Gabriella Biffa, Simone Accorsi, Martino Belvederi Murri, Marzia Jole Tomellini, Francesco Copello
INTRODUCTION: An increase in the rate of non-fatal violence events, from 20.65/10,000 in 2012 to 22.81/10,000 in 2014, was observed at the IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino in Genoa. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the incidence and outcome of the phenomenon of violence, by identifying the type of aggressive event and the ward in which it occurred, assuming that the occurrence is evenly distributed and not only limited to the psychiatric or to the emergency department...
October 27, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061416/prevalence-of-depression-among-middle-aged-women-in-the-rural-area-of-kerala
#4
Archana Ps, Soumitra Das, Sairu Philip, Rekha Rachel Philip, Jose Joseph, Varghese P Punnoose, Deepthilal Pachan Lalithambika
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Depression among women aged 40-60 years in the rural area of Kerala using Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9). SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Ambalappuzha is an area of rural background under the District of Alappuzha. The study was conducted by Preventive and Social Medicine department of Govt. T. D. Medical College, Kerala in collaboration with the department of Psychiatry with the help of Ambalappuzha health centre...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053485/the-effects-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-augmentation-of-antipsychotic-treatment-on-cognitive-functions-in-patients-with-treatment-resistant-schizophrenia
#5
Bjanka Vuksan Ćusa, Nataša Klepac, Nenad Jakšić, Zoran Bradaš, Marija Božičević, Natalia Palac, Marina Šagud
OBJECTIVES: Treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS) continues to be a challenge in modern psychiatry. Most of these patients have severe neurocognitive deficits. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has proved effective and safe in the treatment of TRS, but because of potential neurocognitive adverse effects, it is associated with many controversies. The aim of this prospective, open study was to evaluate the effects of ECT augmentation of antipsychotics on cognitive functions in patients with TRS...
October 19, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988827/self-as-object-emerging-trends-in-self-research
#6
REVIEW
Jie Sui, Xiaosi Gu
Self representation is fundamental to mental functions. While the self has mostly been studied in traditional psychophilosophical terms ('self as subject'), recent laboratory work suggests that the self can be measured quantitatively by assessing biases towards self-associated stimuli ('self as object'). Here, we summarize new quantitative paradigms for assessing the self, drawn from psychology, neuroeconomics, embodied cognition, and social neuroscience. We then propose a neural model of the self as an emerging property of interactions between a core 'self network' (e...
October 5, 2017: Trends in Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983641/-suicidality-in-german-speaking-school-psychiatry-thematization-in-textbooks-from-1803-until-the-present
#7
REVIEW
M Gnoth, H Glaesmer, H Steinberg
BACKGROUND: This chronology gives an overview about continuities and changes in the perception of suicidality in German-speaking school psychiatry over the past 200+ years. QUESTIONS: This study was guided by the following questions: has suicidality been perceived as regularly being connected to certain mental illnesses? Which other possible causes have been discussed by psychiatrists from the nineteenth century to the beginning of the twenty-first century? What approaches have major psychiatrists adopted towards suicidal patients and threatened suicide? What treatment and preventive strategies have been suggested? METHODOLOGY: First, we compiled a list of the, in our view, most influential textbooks on psychiatry of German-speaking school psychiatry from 1803 until the present...
October 5, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945215/influence-of-polygenic-risk-scores-on-lipid-levels-and-dyslipidemia-in-a-psychiatric-population-receiving-weight-gain-inducing-psychotropic-drugs
#8
Aurélie Delacrétaz, Patricia Lagares Santos, Nuria Saigi Morgui, Frederik Vandenberghe, Anaïs Glatard, Mehdi Gholam-Rezaee, Armin von Gunten, Philippe Conus, Chin B Eap
OBJECTIVES: Dyslipidemia represents a major health issue in psychiatry. We determined whether weighted polygenic risk scores (wPRSs) combining multiple single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with lipid levels in the general population are associated with lipid levels [high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), total cholesterol (TC), and triglycerides] and/or dyslipidemia in patients receiving weight gain-inducing psychotropic drugs. We also determined whether genetics improve the predictive power of dyslipidemia...
September 21, 2017: Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944045/child-psychiatry-a-scientometric-analysis-1980-2016
#9
Sadiq Naveed, Ahmed Waqas, Salman Majeed, Muhammad Zeshan, Nusrat Jahan, Muhammad Haaris Sheikh
Background: The field of child and adolescent psychiatry lags behind adult psychiatry significantly. In recent years, it has witnessed a significant increase in the publication of journals and articles. This study provides a detailed bibliometric analysis of articles published from 1980 to 2016, in the top seven journals of child and adolescent psychiatry. Methods: Using the Web of Science core collection, we selected 9,719 research papers published in seven psychiatric journals from 1980 to 2016. We utilized the Web of Science Analytics tool and Network Analysis Interface for Literature Studies (NAILS) Project scripts to delineate the general trends of publication in these journals...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939953/measuring-burnout-among-psychiatry-clerkship-directors
#10
Jeffrey J Rakofsky, Gary Beck Dallaghan, Richard Balon
OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of burnout among Psychiatry clerkship directors. METHODS: Psychiatry clerkship directors were solicited via email to complete an electronic version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey and the Respondent Information Form. RESULTS: Fifty-four out of 110 surveys (49%) were completed. Fourteen percent of respondents scored in the "high exhaustion" category, 21...
September 22, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937004/suicide-in-india-part-perceptions-partial-insights-and-inadequate-solutions
#11
K S Jacob
Suicide is a complex phenomenon, often linked to environment. Despite the identification of many social, cultural, economic and political correlates and risk factors, psychiatry continues to argue for curative solutions based on the reductionistic biomedical model, rather than support public health measures to manage the larger sociocultural, economic and political context. While psychiatry and curative medicine help many people, survival of the human body is best explained by the materialist explanation that locates the variation in health and longevity to tangible resources...
May 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898545/attitudes-towards-mental-illness-among-medical-students-in-china-impact-of-medical-education-on-stigma
#12
Yifan Zhu, Hanwen Zhang, Ge Yang, Xinran Hu, Zhening Liu, Na Guo, Hongbo He, Bin Sun, Robert Rosenheck
INTRODUCTION: Stigma towards people with mental illness impedes effective treatment. A recent study found that Chinese students were less socially accepting of people with mental illness than counterparts from other countries. The current study examined stigma among Chinese medical students at different levels of training. METHODS: Medical students (N = 1372 from 12 Chinese schools) were surveyed with a questionnaire addressing attitudes and beliefs about people with mental illness...
September 12, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886959/-the-psychiatric-hospital-discharge-database-rim-p-an-essential-tool-for-the-surveillance-of-hospitalization-after-a-suicide-attempt
#13
C Chan Chee, L-M Paget
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological surveillance of suicide attempts is essential for monitoring indicator trends in the evaluation of prevention actions. As part of this surveillance, analysis of data from hospitalization for suicide attempts is particularly useful. METHODS: For the first time, data from two national hospital discharge databases, the "Programme de médicalisation des systèmes d'information en médecine, chirurgie, obstétrique" (PMSI-MCO) and the " Recueil d'information médicalisé en psychiatrie" (RIM-P) have been analyzed jointly...
September 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827864/burden-of-psychiatric-morbidity-among-attendees-of-a-secondary-level-hospital-in-northern-india-implications-for-integration-of-mental-health-care-at-subdistrict-level
#14
Partha Haldar, Rajesh Sagar, Sumit Malhotra, Shashi Kant
BACKGROUND: There is little information available on the type, pattern, trend, and demographic differentials of psychiatric cases attending a subdistrict level facility in India. Our objectives were to describe the sociodemographic profile of the patients availing the psychiatric outpatient department services and document the diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is based on a retrospective analysis of routinely recorded administrative data collected during psychiatry consultations that took place between January 2010 and June 2014, at the subdistrict level hospital, Ballabgarh, Faridabad district, Haryana, Northern India...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805423/patterns-of-psychiatric-emergency-department-utilization-among-community-dwelling-medicare-beneficiaries-under-65
#15
Jingjing Qian, Saranrat Wittayanukorn, Richard A Hansen
This study estimated patterns and trends in all-cause (any reason, including psychiatry related) and psychiatric emergency department (ED) utilization among Medicare beneficiaries under 65 who were residing in community settings (i.e., noninstitutionalized or in their own homes). Medicare beneficiaries under the age of 65 enrolled in Medicare for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) due to permanent physical or mental disabilities are a population with poor health conditions and high utilization of health services; however, this vulnerable population has received limited attention from researchers and policymakers compared to the Medicare beneficiaries 65 years and older...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763183/-the-most-cited-themes-in-the-research-in-the-field-of-mental-health-analyses-of-six-international-nursing-and-medical-journals
#16
Laura Cunico, Susanna Fredo, Massimo Bernini
INTRODUCTION: The review aimed to identify and analyse the future development on the topic by analysing the main themes discussed in number of scientific journal focused on Mental Health both by nurses and physicians.. METHOD: 4 international journals focused on Mental health and psychiatry International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, American Journal of Psychiatry, Australian and New Zeland Journal of Psychiatry as well as two journal focused generically on health, Journal of Advanced Nursing and Lancet were scrutinized...
April 2017: Professioni Infermieristiche
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761079/alterations-in-resting-state-connectivity-along-the-autism-trait-continuum-a-twin-study
#17
J Neufeld, R Kuja-Halkola, K Mevel, É Cauvet, P Fransson, S Bölte
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been found to be associated with alterations in resting state (RS) functional connectivity, including areas forming the default mode network (DMN) and salience network (SN). However, insufficient control for confounding genetic and environmental influences and other methodological issues limit the generalizability of previous findings. Moreover, it has been hypothesized that ASD might be marked by early hyper-connectivity followed by later hypo-connectivity. To date, only a few studies have explicitly tested age-related influences on RS connectivity alterations in ASD...
August 1, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737982/knocking-on-prison-s-door-a-10-fold-rise-in-the-number-of-psychotic-prisoners-in-finland-during-the-years-2005-2016
#18
Alo Jüriloo, Lauri Pesonen, Hannu Lauerma
BACKGROUND: As in many European countries, Finnish psychiatric services experienced a rapid process of deinstitutionalization in the 1990s. In recent decades, the decrease in numbers of psychiatric hospital beds has in several countries been found to be linked with increasing criminality among severely mentally ill individuals. It has been concluded that deinstitutionalization could be the main reason for this development. AIM: To investigate whether the prevalence of severely mentally ill persons to prison is a growing trend also in Finland...
July 24, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641960/-involuntary-commitment-of-the-psychiatric-patient-legal-regulations-and-critical-aspects
#19
M Ibáñez Bernáldez, M Casado Blanco
Traditionally, medical care received by psychiatric patients involved their separation from the society through their isolation in closed institutions, thereby setting a stigmatising trend on the sick, and by extension on mental illness, a practice that somehow has remained until now. The profound changes in the field of psychiatry have been important and are reflected in the therapeutic field, as well as in the legislative one, and have contributed to establish changes concerning the social opinion about psychiatric patients...
June 19, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640150/evaluation-of-research-topic-evolution-in-psychiatry-using-co-word-analysis
#20
Ying Wu, Xing Jin, Yunzhen Xue
With the rapid increase in the incidence of mental disorders and mental issues, psychiatry has become one of the fastest growing clinical medical disciplines. Development priorities and research foci in this field have evolved over different periods.All the articles in 10 psychiatric journals with the highest impact factors were selected from the Science Citation Index (SCI) in Web of Science from 2001 to 2015. The information visualization software Sci was used to conduct co-word and clustering analyses on these articles...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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