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Trends in Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340519/evaluating-the-current-state-of-the-art-of-huntington-disease-research-a-scientometric-analysis
#1
L A Barboza, N C Ghisi
Huntington disease (HD) is an incurable neurodegenerative disorder caused by a dominant mutation on the 4th chromosome. We aim to present a scientometric analysis of the extant scientific undertakings devoted to better understanding HD. Therefore, a quantitative study was performed to examine the current state-of-the-art approaches that foster researchers' understandings of the current knowledge, research trends, and research gaps regarding this disorder. We performed literature searches of articles that were published up to September 2016 in the "ISI Web of Science™" (http://apps...
January 11, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335037/is-freedom-still-therapy-the-40th-anniversary-of-the-italian-mental-health-care-reform
#2
A Fioritti
On 13 May 1978, the Italian Parliament approved Law 180, universally known as 'Basaglia Law' after the name of the leader of the anti-institutional movement which promoted this radical community mental health care reform. Forty years later, Italian psychiatry still runs a community care system, albeit with degrees of solidity and quality very varied along the peninsula. Mental health care is still an integral part of the National Health System, with liberal regulations on coercion and a lowest number of general hospital and residential facilities beds...
January 16, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303800/prescribing-trends-of-atypical-antipsychotic-drugs-in-an-outpatient-unit-of-a-child-and-adolescent-clinic-in-turkey
#3
Çiğdem Yektaş, Ali Evren Tufan
OBJECTIVE: Use of antipsychotic agents in the management of various psychopathologies in Child and Adolescent Psychiatric practice is gradually increasing. This study aimed to evaluate the sociodemographic and clinical features of children and adolescents who applied to an outpatient clinic of child and adolescent psychiatry department in Turkey and were prescribed atypical antipsychotics. METHOD: Patients with prescription codes of ATC N05A (except N05AN lithium) were accepted to denote those with atypical antipsychotic treatment...
January 5, 2018: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302928/trends-in-md-phd-graduates-entering-psychiatry-assessing-the-physician-scientist-pipeline
#4
Melissa R Arbuckle, Sean X Luo, Harold Alan Pincus, Joshua A Gordon, Joyce Y Chung, Mark Chavez, Maria A Oquendo
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to identify trends in MD/PhD graduates entering psychiatry, to compare these trends with other specialties, and to review strategies for enhancing the physician-scientist pipeline. METHODS: Data on 226,588 medical students graduating from Liaison Committee on Medical Education accredited programs between 1999 and 2012 (6626 MD/PhDs) were used to evaluate the number, percentage, and proportion of MD/PhDs entering psychiatry in comparison with other specialties (neurology, neurosurgery, internal medicine, family medicine, and radiation oncology)...
January 4, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302538/psychiatric-morbidity-in-spouses-of-patients-with-alcohol-related-disorders
#5
Aruna Dandu, S Bharathi, Shankar Reddy Dudala
Context: Alcohol dependence is on rise world over, especially in developing countries such as India. According to the World Health Organization, about 30% of Indians consume alcohol, out of which 4%-13% are daily consumers and up to 50% of them, fall under the category of hazardous drinking. Another worrying trend from India is that the average age of initiation of alcohol use has reduced from 28 years during the 1980s to 17 years in 2007. In India, alcohol abuse also amounts to huge annual losses due to alcohol-related problems in workplaces...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299832/the-2016-survey-of-the-association-of-directors-of-medical-student-education-in-psychiatry
#6
Lia A Thomas, Gary Beck Dallaghan, Richard M Balon
OBJECTIVE: The members of the Association of Directors of Medical Student Education in Psychiatry (ADMSEP) had been last surveyed in 2010 to identify trends in medical student education in psychiatry, teaching methods, academic productivity, and administrative issues. With increasing requirements, ADMSEP members were surveyed in 2016 to characterize current expectations for and needs of medical student educators in psychiatry. METHODS: A 53-item survey was sent to members of ADMSEP (n=260) and to clerkship directors nationwide...
January 3, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282590/culture-and-context-in-mental-health-diagnosing-scrutinizing-the-dsm-5-revision
#7
Anna Bredström
This article examines the revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) and its claim of incorporating a "greater cultural sensitivity." The analysis reveals that the manual conveys mixed messages as it explicitly addresses the critique of being ethnocentric and having a static notion of culture yet continues in a similar fashion when culture is applied in diagnostic criteria. The analysis also relates to current trends in psychiatric nosology that emphasize neurobiology and decontextualize distress and points to how the DSM-5 risks serving as an ethnic dividing line in psychiatry by making sociocultural context relevant only for some patients...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206008/mental-hygiene-in-early-francoism-from-racial-hygiene-to-the-prevention-of-mental-illness-1939-1960
#8
Ricardo Campos, Enric Novella
In this paper, we study the ideological bases of mental hygiene, understood as racial and moral hygiene, during the first years of Franco's regime and their evolution until 1960. First, we discuss the conceptualization of mental hygiene in the 1940s and its role as a tool for the legitimization of dictatorship, revealing the involvement of orthodox Catholicism and its links with moral and racial hygiene. Second, we assess the transformation of mental hygiene during the 1950s towards modernization and a stronger linkage with the dominant trends of contemporary psychiatry without ever leaving the ideological background of Catholicism...
2017: Dynamis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204023/trend-of-neuropsychiatric-morbidity-in-sub-himalayan-region-an-audit-of-retrospective-data-mining
#9
Manoj Kumar Gandhi, Piyush Sharma, Mitasha Singh, Sunil Kumar Raina, Ranabir Pal
Background: There is a paradigm shift in health loss due to premature mortality and disability from neuropsychiatric disorders with major burden in low- and middle-income countries. Objective: To study the trend of admissions with neuropsychiatric and substance-use disorders in 3 years in psychiatry and medicine wards of tertiary care hospital in rural Himachal Pradesh. Methodology: A retrospective data mining was done from records of Inpatient wards of Dr...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203118/emerging-trends-in-undergraduate-medical-education-implications-for-geriatric-psychiatry
#10
EDITORIAL
Kirsten M Wilkins, Deborah Wagenaar, William B Brooks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200549/ethics-in-psychiatric-research-issues-and-recommendations
#11
REVIEW
Shobhit Jain, Pooja Patnaik Kuppili, Raman Deep Pattanayak, Rajesh Sagar
Psychiatric research has increased remarkably over recent decades to help in understanding the current trends and better therapeutic options for illness. On the other hand, there is also a trend toward higher rates of retraction of published papers in the recent years. Ethics is required to maintain and increase the overall quality and morality of research. Psychiatric research faces several unique ethical challenges. Ethical guidelines are very important tool of research which safeguards participants; however, there is a dearth of such guidelines in India...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195805/-symptomatic-remission-and-its-relationship-to-social-functioning-in-tunisian-out-patients-with-schizophrenia
#12
I El Gharbi, M Chhoumi, A Mechri
INTRODUCTION: The concept of symptomatic and functional remission represents an important challenge in the care of the mentally ill, particularly in patients with schizophrenia. Operational criteria for symptomatic remission in schizophrenia have been proposed by Andreasen et al. (2005). Over the last decade, these criteria have been widely validated; however few studies have been conducted outside developed countries. Moreover, the association of symptomatic remission with functional outcome has not yet been established in developing countries including Tunisia, as there may be variability in the social and familial environment...
November 28, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188348/-big-data-approaches-in-psychiatry-examples-in-depression-research
#13
REVIEW
D Bzdok, T M Karrer, U Habel, F Schneider
BACKGROUND: The exploration and therapy of depression is aggravated by heterogeneous etiological mechanisms and various comorbidities. With the growing trend towards big data in psychiatry, research and therapy can increasingly target the individual patient. This novel objective requires special methods of analysis. OBJECTIVE: The possibilities and challenges of the application of big data approaches in depression are examined in closer detail. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Examples are given to illustrate the possibilities of big data approaches in depression research...
November 29, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112194/genome-wide-association-study-identifies-a-novel-locus-for-cannabis-dependence
#14
A Agrawal, Y-L Chou, C E Carey, D A A Baranger, B Zhang, R Sherva, L Wetherill, M Kapoor, J-C Wang, S Bertelsen, A P Anokhin, V Hesselbrock, J Kramer, M T Lynskey, J L Meyers, J I Nurnberger, J P Rice, J Tischfield, L J Bierut, L Degenhardt, L A Farrer, J Gelernter, A R Hariri, A C Heath, H R Kranzler, P A F Madden, N G Martin, G W Montgomery, B Porjesz, T Wang, J B Whitfield, H J Edenberg, T Foroud, A M Goate, R Bogdan, E C Nelson
Despite moderate heritability, only one study has identified genome-wide significant loci for cannabis-related phenotypes. We conducted meta-analyses of genome-wide association study data on 2080 cannabis-dependent cases and 6435 cannabis-exposed controls of European descent. A cluster of correlated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a novel region on chromosome 10 was genome-wide significant (lowest P=1.3E-8). Among the SNPs, rs1409568 showed enrichment for H3K4me1 and H3K427ac marks, suggesting its role as an enhancer in addiction-relevant brain regions, such as the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and the angular and cingulate gyri...
November 7, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102367/-the-psychiatric-comorbidity-of-anorexia-nervosa-a-comparative-study-in-a-population-of-french-and-greek-anorexic-patients
#15
M Kountza, G Garyfallos, D Ploumpidis, E Varsou, I Gkiouzepas
OBJECTIVE: The current study had two objectives: (1) to access the psychiatric comorbidity in axis I and axis II (according to DSM-IV) of anorexia nervosa in a sample of 60 anorexic patients; (2) to compare the features of the psychiatric comorbidity between the two groups of French and Greek anorexic patients who participated in the study, as well as to compare some psychological and behavioral aspects of their anorectic psychopathology. METHOD: Sixty anorexic patients, thirty French and thirty Greek, aged between 18 and 60 years, referred for evaluation and therapy at the unit of eating disorders at the "Institut national Marcel-Rivière of the MGEN" (hôpital de La Verrière, France) and at the unit of eating disorders of the First Department of Psychiatry of EGINITIO University Psychiatric Hospital in Athens (Greece), were accessed with the Eating Attitudes Test-26 (EAT26), Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL90R), Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview, Version 5...
November 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084129/analysis-of-incidents-of-violence-in-a-large-italian-hospital
#16
Dimitri Sossai, Francesco Stefano Molina, Mario Amore, Giovanna Ferrandes, Elena Sarcletti, Gabriella Biffa, Simone Accorsi, Martino Belvederi Murri, Marzia Jole Tomellini, Francesco Copello
INTRODUCTION: An increase in the rate of non-fatal violence events, from 20.65/10,000 in 2012 to 22.81/10,000 in 2014, was observed at the IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino in Genoa. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the incidence and outcome of the phenomenon of violence, by identifying the type of aggressive event and the ward in which it occurred, assuming that the occurrence is evenly distributed and not only limited to the psychiatric or to the emergency department...
October 27, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061416/prevalence-of-depression-among-middle-aged-women-in-the-rural-area-of-kerala
#17
Archana Ps, Soumitra Das, Sairu Philip, Rekha Rachel Philip, Jose Joseph, Varghese P Punnoose, Deepthilal Pachan Lalithambika
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Depression among women aged 40-60 years in the rural area of Kerala using Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9). SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Ambalappuzha is an area of rural background under the District of Alappuzha. The study was conducted by Preventive and Social Medicine department of Govt. T. D. Medical College, Kerala in collaboration with the department of Psychiatry with the help of Ambalappuzha health centre...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053485/the-effects-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-augmentation-of-antipsychotic-treatment-on-cognitive-functions-in-patients-with-treatment-resistant-schizophrenia
#18
Bjanka Vuksan Ćusa, Nataša Klepac, Nenad Jakšić, Zoran Bradaš, Marija Božičević, Natalia Palac, Marina Šagud
OBJECTIVES: Treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS) continues to be a challenge in modern psychiatry. Most of these patients have severe neurocognitive deficits. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has proved effective and safe in the treatment of TRS, but because of potential neurocognitive adverse effects, it is associated with many controversies. The aim of this prospective, open study was to evaluate the effects of ECT augmentation of antipsychotics on cognitive functions in patients with TRS...
October 19, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988827/self-as-object-emerging-trends-in-self-research
#19
REVIEW
Jie Sui, Xiaosi Gu
Self representation is fundamental to mental functions. While the self has mostly been studied in traditional psychophilosophical terms ('self as subject'), recent laboratory work suggests that the self can be measured quantitatively by assessing biases towards self-associated stimuli ('self as object'). Here, we summarize new quantitative paradigms for assessing the self, drawn from psychology, neuroeconomics, embodied cognition, and social neuroscience. We then propose a neural model of the self as an emerging property of interactions between a core 'self network' (e...
November 2017: Trends in Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983641/-suicidality-in-german-speaking-school-psychiatry-thematization-in-textbooks-from-1803-until-the-present
#20
REVIEW
M Gnoth, H Glaesmer, H Steinberg
BACKGROUND: This chronology gives an overview about continuities and changes in the perception of suicidality in German-speaking school psychiatry over the past 200+ years. QUESTIONS: This study was guided by the following questions: has suicidality been perceived as regularly being connected to certain mental illnesses? Which other possible causes have been discussed by psychiatrists from the nineteenth century to the beginning of the twenty-first century? What approaches have major psychiatrists adopted towards suicidal patients and threatened suicide? What treatment and preventive strategies have been suggested? METHODOLOGY: First, we compiled a list of the, in our view, most influential textbooks on psychiatry of German-speaking school psychiatry from 1803 until the present...
October 5, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
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