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C Keskin, E Sariyilmaz, O Sariyilmaz
AIM: To evaluate the effect of several solvents on the weight of apically extruded debris and irrigant during retreatment using a novel agar gel model. METHODS: Orange oil, turpentine oil and chloroform were used as solvents. Eighty single straight rooted extracted human mandibular premolar teeth with a single root canal were divided into four groups (n=20). All specimens were root canal filled and weighed prior to their insertion I a prepared 1.5% agar gel model...
December 5, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
Jung-Hong Ha, Sang Won Kwak, Sung-Kyo Kim, Hyeon-Cheol Kim
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the maximum screw-in forces generated during the movement of various Nickel-Titanium (NiTi) file systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty simulated canals in resin blocks were randomly divided into 4 groups for the following instruments: Mtwo size 25/0.07 (MTW, VDW GmbH), Reciproc R25 (RPR, VDW GmbH), ProTaper Universal F2 (PTU, Dentsply Maillefer), and ProTaper Next X2 (PTN, Dentsply Maillefer, n = 10). All the artificial canals were prepared to obtain a standardized lumen by using ProTaper Universal F1...
November 2016: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
Emmanuel João Nogueira Leal Silva, Laise Silva Villarino, Victor Talarico Leal Vieira, Thais Accorsi-Mendonça, Henrique Dos Santos Antunes, Gustavo De-Deus, Hélio Pereira Lopes
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the bending resistance and cyclic fatigue life of a new single-file reciprocating instrument (Unicone; Medin, Nové Město na Moravě, Czech Republic). Reciproc (VDW, Munich, Germany) and WaveOne (Dentsply Maillefer) instruments were used as references for comparison. METHODS: Flexibility was determined by 45° bending tests using a universal testing machine. The cyclic fatigue test was performed using a custom-made device. For this test, an artificial canal with a 60° angle and a 5-mm radius of curvature was used...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Endodontics
Luz A Padilla, Renee A Desmond, C Michael Brooks, John W Waterbor
A key outcome measure of cancer research training programs is the number of cancer-related peer-reviewed publications after training. Because program graduates do not routinely report their publications, staff must periodically conduct electronic literature searches on each graduate. The purpose of this study is to compare findings of an innovative computer-based automated search program versus repeated manual literature searches to identify post-training peer-reviewed publications. In late 2014, manual searches for publications by former R25 students identified 232 cancer-related articles published by 112 of 543 program graduates...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Elif Kalyoncuoğlu, Cangül Keskin, İsmail Uzun, Aydın S Bengü, Buğra Guler
This study aimed to evaluate superficial defects and the composition of Reciproc R25 and ProTaper Retreatment file systems (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) used for retreatment. A total of 100 maxillary incisor teeth were randomly divided into the following two groups: Reciproc R25 (n = 25) and ProTaper Retreatment instrument (n = 75) groups. The nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) compositions of the files before and after use were analyzed using energy dispersive X-ray spectrophotometry (EDX). Chi-square, Mann-Whitney U, and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used to analyze the data...
2016: Journal of Oral Science
Clarissa Teles Rodrigues, Marco Antonio Hungaro Duarte, Marcela Milanezi de Almeida, Flaviana Bombarda de Andrade, Norberti Bernardineli
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this ex vivo study was to evaluate the removal of filling material after using CM-wire, M-wire, and nickel-titanium instruments in both reciprocating and rotary motions in curved canals. METHODS: Thirty maxillary lateral incisors were divided into 9 groups according to retreatment procedures: Reciproc R25 followed by Mtwo 40/.04 and ProDesign Logic 50/.01 files; ProDesign R 25/.06 followed by ProDesign Logic 40/.05 and ProDesign Logic 50/...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Endodontics
Taha Özyürek
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare the cyclic fatigue resistance of Reciproc R25 (VDW, Munich, Germany), WaveOne Primary (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland), and WaveOne Gold Primary files (Dentsply Maillefer). METHODS: Twenty Reciproc R25, 20 WaveOne Primary, and 20 WaveOne Gold Primary instruments were included in this study. The cyclic fatigue tests were performed using a cyclic fatigue testing device, which has an artificial stainless steel canal with a 60° angle of curvature and a 5-mm radius of curvature...
October 2016: Journal of Endodontics
Albert J Farias, Ryan N Hansen, Steven B Zeliadt, India J Ornelas, Christopher I Li, Beti Thompson
BACKGROUND: Adherence to adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET) for estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer remains suboptimal, which suggests that women are not getting the full benefit of the treatment to reduce breast cancer recurrence and mortality. The majority of studies on adherence to AET focus on identifying factors among those women at the highest levels of adherence and provide little insight on factors that influence medication use across the distribution of adherence. OBJECTIVE: To understand how factors influence adherence among women across low and high levels of adherence...
August 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
J Scott Lauritzen, Crystal L Sigulinsky, James R Anderson, Michael Kalloniatis, Noah T Nelson, Daniel P Emrich, Christopher Rapp, Nicholas McCarthy, Ethan Kerzner, Miriah Meyer, Bryan W Jones, Robert E Marc
The basis of cross-suppression between rod and cone channels has long been an enigma. Using rabbit retinal connectome RC1, we show that all cone bipolar cell (BC) classes inhibit rod BCs via amacrine cell (AC) motifs (C1-6); that all cone BC classes are themselves inhibited by AC motifs (R1-5, R25) driven by rod BCs. A sparse symmetric AC motif (CR) is presynaptic and postsynaptic to both rod and cone BCs. ON cone BCs of all classes drive inhibition of rod BCs via motif C1 wide-field GABAergic ACs (γACs) and motif C2 narrow field glycinergic ON ACs (GACs)...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Comparative Neurology
Fabio de Almeida-Gomes, Humberto Ramah Menezes de Matos, Rodrigo Ferreira Lopes Arrais Nunes, Ariel Moura Arrais, Claudio Ferreira-Maniglia, Marcelo de Morais Vitoriano, Eduardo Diogo Gurgel-Filho
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to compare the cyclic fatigue resistance of nine types of endodontic instruments of nickel-titanium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five files of 25 mm of length of each group: Reciproc (RC) R25; WaveOne (WO) Primary; Unicone (UC) L25 25/0.06; K3XF 25/0.06; ProTaper Universal F2 (PTF2); ProTaper Next X2 (PTX2); Mtwo 25/0.06; BioRaCe 25/0.06; One Shape L25 25/0.06 were subjected to a cyclic fatigue resistance test on a mechanical apparatus...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
E J N L Silva, V M Ferreira, C C Silva, Herrera, G De-Deus, B P Gomes
AIM: To compare the effectiveness of large apical preparations and complementary canal preparation with the Self Adjusting File (SAF) in removing endotoxins from the root canal of teeth with apical periodontitis. METHODOLOGY: Ten single-rooted and single-canaled teeth with post-treatment apical periodontitis were selected. Endotoxin samples were taken after the removal of the root filling (S1), after chemomechanical preparation (CMP) using 2.5% NaOCl and an R25 file (S2), after CMP using 2...
July 12, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
H S Topçuoğlu, S Düzgün, A Aktı, G Topçuoğlu
AIM: To compare the resistance to cyclic fatigue of WaveOne Gold (WOG), Reciproc, and WaveOne (WO) nickel-titanium files in an artificial root canal with a double (S-shaped) curvature. METHODOLOGY: A total of 120 new WOG primary, Reciproc R25, and WO primary files were tested in an artificial, stainless steel canal with an S-shape (diameter, 1.4 mm and length, 18 mm). Forty files from each system were rotated until fracture to calculate the number of cycles to failure (NCF)...
June 25, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
Long Chen, Qinan Zhang, Jincheng Yao, Junhua Wang, Wenwen Kong, Chunping Jiang, Aimin Chang
Mn-Co-Ni-O nanoceramic microspheres with high density, uniformity, and size tunability are successfully fabricated using in situ ink-jet printing and two step sintering (TSS) techniques. The microspheres, synthesized by an effective and facile reverse microemulsion method, consist of uncalcined Mn-Co-Ni-O nanocrystallines that show a well formed single tetragonal spinel phase and an average particle size distribution of ≈20 nm. The sintering behavior, microstructure, and electrical properties of the Mn-Co-Ni-O nanoceramic microspheres are systematically investigated and characterized...
June 13, 2016: Small
Vanina A Netti, Agustina N Iovane, Mariana C Vatrella, Elsa Zotta, Andrea L Fellet, Ana M Balaszczuk
Aquaporin-1 (AQP1) is expressed in the heart and its relationship with NO system has not been fully explored. The aims of this work were to study the effects of NO system inhibition on AQP1 abundance and localization and evaluate AQP1 S-nitrosylation in a model of water restriction during postnatal growth. Rats aged 25 and 50days (n=15) were divided in: R: water restriction; C: water ad libitum; RL: L-NAME (4mg/kgday)+water restriction; CL: L-NAME+water ad libitum. AQP1 protein levels, immunohistochemistry and S-nitrosylation (colocalization of AQP1 and S-nitrosylated cysteines by confocal microscopy) were determined in cardiac tissue...
July 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Jennie Fischer, Mateo San José, Nicole Roschanski, Silvia Schmoger, Beatrice Baumann, Alexandra Irrgang, Anika Friese, Uwe Roesler, Reiner Helmuth, Beatriz Guerra
The occurrence of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in livestock is considered as a threat for public health. In Germany, VIM-1-producing Escherichia (E.) coli sequence type (ST) 88 and Salmonella Infantis isolates harbouring blaVIM-1IncHI2 plasmids have been isolated from swine and poultry farms. A retrospective study was performed to determine if there was a broader distribution of VIM-1-positive isolates in any of the carbapenemase-positive swine farms. Selective incubation (carbapenem-containing broth) of 249 conserved cultures collected in three farms (2011-2012), allowed the detection of 40 blaVIM-1-positive isolates...
May 7, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
Flávio R F Alves, Marília F Marceliano-Alves, Júlio Cézar N Sousa, Stephanie B Silveira, José C Provenzano, José F Siqueira
INTRODUCTION: This study compared the efficacy of a reciprocating single-instrument system and a rotary multi-instrument system followed by a supplementary approach with a finishing instrument in removing the filling material from curved canals during retreatment. METHODS: Forty mesial canals from extracted mandibular molars were instrumented and filled. Then, each mesial canal was retreated by using either Reciproc (VDW, Munich, Germany) or Mtwo (VDW) instruments, alternating the technique used per canal from root to root...
July 2016: Journal of Endodontics
Giselle Nevares, Diana S de Albuquerque, Laila G Freire, Kaline Romeiro, Howard M Fogel, Marcelo Dos Santos, Rodrigo S Cunha
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the remaining root canal obturation, volume of dentin removed, and apical transportation after retreatment of severely curved root canals by using Reciproc (REC) or ProTaper NEXT (PTN) systems. METHODS: Twenty-eight mesial canals of mandibular molars were instrumented and then obturated with gutta-percha and sealer and allocated into 2 balanced groups (n = 14), the REC group (R25 file) and the PTN group (X3 and X2 files)...
May 2016: Journal of Endodontics
R Perez, A A Neves, F G Belladonna, E J N L Silva, E M Souza, S Fidel, M A Versiani, I Lima, C Carvalho, G De-Deus
AIM: To evaluate the effect of the depth of insertion of an irrigation needle tip on the removal of hard-tissue debris using micro-computed tomographic (micro-CT) imaging. METHODOLOGY: Twenty isthmus-containing mesial roots of mandibular molars were anatomically matched based on similar morphological dimensions using micro-CT evaluation and assigned to two groups (n = 10), according to the depth of the irrigating needle tip during biomechanical preparation: 1 or 5 mm short of the working length (WL)...
April 9, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
Evaldo Rodrigues, Gustavo De-Deus, Erick Souza, Emmanuel João Nogueira Leal Silva
The aim of the present study was to prospectively assess the frequency of teeth in which the Reciproc instruments were able to reach the full working length (WL). This case series study enrolled 277 consecutive teeth requiring primary endodontic treatment performed with the Reciproc system (VDW) without a previous glide path by 3 experienced endodontists. Instruments R25, R40 or R50 were selected, respectively, for narrow, medium and large canals, according to the preoperative radiographs, as per manufacturer recommendation...
January 2016: Brazilian Dental Journal
Richard M Gergi, Nada E Osta, Alfred S Naaman
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the frequency of dentinal microcracks after root canal shaping with 2 reciprocating (Reciproc and WaveOne) and 1 combined continuous reciprocating motion twisted files adaptive (TFA) rotary system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety molars were chosen and divided into three groups of 30 each. Root canal preparation was achieved by using Reciproc R25, Primary WaveOne and TFA systems. All the roots were horizontally sectioned at 15, 9, and 3 mm from the apex...
October 2015: European Journal of Dentistry
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