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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535815/internet-based-attentional-bias-modification-training-as-add-on-to-regular-treatment-in-alcohol-and-cannabis-dependent-outpatients-a-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-control-trial
#1
Janika Heitmann, Madelon E van Hemel-Ruiter, Karin M Vermeulen, Brian D Ostafin, Colin MacLeod, Reinout W Wiers, Laura DeFuentes-Merillas, Martine Fledderus, Wiebren Markus, Peter J de Jong
BACKGROUND: The automatic tendency to attend to and focus on substance-related cues in the environment (attentional bias), has been found to contribute to the persistence of addiction. Attentional bias modification (ABM) interventions might, therefore, contribute to treatment outcome and the reduction of relapse rates. Based on some promising research findings, we designed a study to test the clinical relevance of ABM as an add-on component of regular intervention for alcohol and cannabis patients...
May 23, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529370/prevention-early-intervention-and-harm-reduction-of-substance-use-in-adolescents
#2
R C Jiloha
This paper presents a systematic review on the effectiveness of prevention, early intervention, and harm reduction including treatment of substance abuse among adolescents for tobacco, alcohol and illicit drugs. Taxation, public consumption bans, restriction on advertisements, and minimum legal age for consumption, are effective measures to reduce the use of tobacco and alcohol. School-based prevention and skill-training interventions are effective tools to reduce substance use among adolescents. Social norms and intervention to reduce substance use in adolescents do not have strong evidence of effectiveness...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529367/serum-nucb2-nesfatin-1-levels-in-different-stages-of-alcohol-dependence-is-there-a-relationship-with-craving
#3
Gokhan Umut, Cuneyt Evren, Alparslan Cansiz, Mustafa Akkus, Nesrin Karamustafalioglu
INTRODUCTION: In the literature, the relationship between appetite regulating peptides and alcohol craving is on the debate. AIM: This study aims to investigate serum level of NUCB2/nesfatin-1, which is discovered as appetite-related neuropeptide, in patients with alcohol dependence who were in craving and abstaining phase and to compare with healthy controls. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Research, Treatment, and Training Center for Alcohol and Substance Dependence, (AMATEM) Bakirkoy Training and Research Hospital for Psychiatry Neurology and Neurosurgery, Istanbul, case-control and prospective study design were used...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511551/theoretical-foundations-of-appeals-used-in-alcohol-abuse-and-drunk-driving-public-service-announcements-in-the-united-states-1995-2010
#4
Jeff Niederdeppe, Rosemary J Avery, Emily Elizabeth Namaste Miller
PURPOSE: The study identifies the extent to which theoretical constructs drawn from well-established message effect communication theories are reflected in the content of alcohol-related public service announcements (PSAs) airing in the United States over a 16-year period. DESIGN: Content analysis of 18 530 141 alcohol-abuse (AA) and drunk-driving (DD) PSAs appearing on national network and local cable television stations in the 210 largest designated marketing areas (DMAs) from January 1995 through December 2010...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504561/sexual-violence-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-college-women-with-a-mental-health-and-or-behavior-disability
#5
Amy Bonomi, Emily Nichols, Rebecca Kammes, Troye Green
OBJECTIVES: We address questions about (1) how college women with a disability experience sexual violence (SV) and intimate partner violence (IPV) across partners, including disability-specific abuse and (2) how SV/IPV impacts psychological, behavioral, physical, and academic life domains. METHODS/DESIGN: Twenty-seven female college students (mean age, 21.2; 66.6% white; 66.6% heterosexual) were randomly sampled from university registrar records. To be eligible for the study, students had to have at least one experience of SV/IPV since age 18 and a disability (88...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499116/postgraduate-alcohol-and-other-drug-practitioner-training-in-new-zealand-significant-influences
#6
Peter J Adams, Doug Sellman, David Newcombe, Simon Adamson, Sam White, Daryle Deering, Fraser Todd
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to present a case study of the evolution of postgraduate-level training programs for alcohol and other drug (AOD) practitioners provided by two universities in New Zealand. METHOD: The case study compiles details on relevant treatment contexts and systems in New Zealand and key milestones and significant developments in postgraduate AOD practitioner programs in two locations over a 30-year period. The details were compiled by the authors, all of whom were closely involved with the development of the training programs...
May 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498004/a-sequential-implementation-model-for-workforce-development-a-case-study-of-medical-residency-training-for-substance-use-concerns
#7
Patricia S O'Sullivan, Patrick Yuan, Derek D Satre, Maria Wamsley, Jason Satterfield
PROBLEM: In graduate medical education, residency programs are often educationally isolated from each other, with varying needs and patient populations, so strategies are needed when attempting to implement training in evidence-based practices across multiple residencies. INTERVENTION: Using implementation science as a guide, we adapted a community development model to sequentially implement an evidence-based intervention, Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) for alcohol and drug use problems, across internal medicine, pediatrics, emergency medicine, psychiatry, and obstetrics and gynecology residency programs...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494201/exploring-sexual-behaviors-and-health-communication-among-older-women
#8
Caroline D Bergeron, Heather Honoré Goltz, Leigh Szucs, Jovanni V Reyes, Kelly L Wilson, Marcia G Ory, Matthew Lee Smith
Older women around the globe are generally depicted as asexual beings, which may impact patient-provider discussions about sex. We examined data on 703 aging women in the United States to compare factors associated with women perceiving sex as important and women discussing sex with their physicians since turning age 50. While 65.1% of participants perceived sex to be important, only 23.8% discussed sex with their providers since turning age 50. Factors related to discussing sex included age, education, having a chronic condition, and consuming alcohol...
May 11, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492959/the-relationship-between-consumption-of-alcohol-and-other-drugs-and-problematic-internet-use-among-adolescents
#9
Sandra Golpe, Patricia Gómez, Teresa Braña, Jesús Varela, Antonio Rial
Alcohol and drug use among adolescents has been causing great concern for decades in Spain and in the European Union as a whole. In addition, the technology boom experienced over the last two decades has contributed to the emergence of a new public healthcare issue: problematic Internet use. The increasing importance that both problems have been gaining in recent years has led some authors to analyze the relationship between alcohol and the consumption of other drugs alongside problematic Internet use, and to provide relevant empirical evidence...
April 12, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490448/intermittent-hypoxia-training-blunts-cerebrocortical-presenilin-1-overexpression-and-amyloid-%C3%AE-accumulation-in-ethanol-withdrawn-rats
#10
Myoung-Gwi Ryou, Robert T Mallet, Daniel B Metzger, Marianna E Jung
Abrupt cessation of chronic alcohol consumption triggers signaling cascades that harm vulnerable brain regions and produce neurobehavioral deficits. We have demonstrated that a program of intermittent, normobaric hypoxia training (IHT) in rats prevents neurobehavioral impairment resulting from abrupt ethanol withdrawal (EW). Moreover, EW induced expression of stress-activated protein kinase p38 and presenilin 1 (PS1), the γ-secretase component that produces the neurotoxic amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides, Aβ40 and Aβ42...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488021/striatal-reward-sensitivity-predicts-therapy-related-neural-changes-in-alcohol-addiction
#11
Alena Becker, Martin Fungisai Gerchen, Martina Kirsch, Sabine Hoffmann, Falk Kiefer, Peter Kirsch
Individual differences in reward sensitivity along with weakened executive control are characteristic for alcohol use disorder (AUD). Emerging translational models of psychotherapy propose the integration of such neurobiological risk profiles to elucidate the mechanisms underlying behavior change in order to improve intervention efficacy. The primary aim of the study was to investigate whether striatal baseline reward sensitivity can be used as a neurobiological predictor of intervention-specific changes in neural functioning during AUD therapy...
May 9, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483931/alcohol-identification-and-intervention-in-english-emergency-departments
#12
Robert Patton, Ghiselle Green
AIMS: In the ED, alcohol identification and brief advice is an effective method of reducing consumption and related harms. Our objective was to conduct a national survey of English EDs to determine current practice regarding alcohol identification and provision of brief advice and to compare changes in activity to a previous National Survey conducted in 2011. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of all consultant-led EDs in England. RESULTS: Of 180 departments, 147 (81...
May 8, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481614/providing-intensive-addiction-housing-case-management-to-homeless-veterans-enrolled-in-addictions-treatment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Carol A Malte, Koriann Cox, Andrew J Saxon
This study sought to determine whether homeless veterans entering Veterans Affairs (VA) substance use treatment randomized to intensive addiction/housing case management (AHCM) had improved housing, substance use, mental health, and functional outcomes and lower acute health care utilization, compared to a housing support group (HSG) control. Homeless veterans (n = 181) entering outpatient VA substance use treatment were randomized to AHCM and HSG and received treatment for 12 months. AHCM provided individualized housing, substance use and mental health case management, life skills training, and community outreach...
May 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480240/a-high-prevalence-rate-of-a-positive-screen-for-cognitive-impairment-in-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-attending-an-irish-clinic
#14
Patricia H McNamara, Robert Coen, Janice Redmond, Colin P Doherty, Colm Bergin
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated neurocognitive disorders occurs in 20%-50% of HIV-positive patients. We undertook this study to assess the prevalence of a positive screen for cognitive impairment in the clinic population at our institution and to demonstrate the feasibility of implementing a screening program in routine clinical encounters. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study, and patients were recruited prospectively between December 2010 and February 2013...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464979/how-do-family-medicine-residents-choose-an-anticoagulation-regimen-for-patients-with-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation
#15
Payam Yazdan-Ashoori, Zardasht Oqab, William F McIntyre, Kieran L Quinn, Erik van Oosten, Wilma M Hopman, Adrian Baranchuk
Aim To examine the choices Canadian family medicine residents make for oral anticoagulation (OAC) for patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND: AF increases the risk of strokes. An important consideration in AF management is risk stratification for stroke and prescription of appropriate OAC. Family physicians provide the vast majority of OAC prescriptions. METHODS: We administered a survey to residents in multiple Canadian family medicine training programmes...
May 3, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464810/measuring-the-effectiveness-of-in-hospital-and-on-base-prevent-alcohol-and-risk-related-trauma-in-youth-p-a-r-t-y-programs-on-reducing-alcohol-related-harms-in-naval-trainees-p-a-r-t-y-defence-study-protocol
#16
Jason Watterson, Belinda Gabbe, Paul Dietze, Jennifer Thompson, Michael Oborn, Jeffrey V Rosenfeld
BACKGROUND: Reducing alcohol related harms in Australian Defence Force (ADF) trainees has been identified as a priority, but there are few evidence-based prevention programs available for the military setting. The study aims to test whether the P.A.R.T.Y. program delivered in-hospital or on-base, can reduce harmful alcohol consumption among ADF trainees. METHODS/DESIGN: The study is a 3-arm randomized controlled trial, involving 953 Royal Australian Navy trainees from a single base...
May 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458264/none-of-us-will-get-out-of-here-alive-the-intersection-of-perceived-risk-for-hiv-risk-behaviors-and-survival-expectations-among-african-american-emerging-adults
#17
Lorece V Edwards, Ian Lindong, Lawrence Brown, Anita S Hawkins, Sabriya Dennis, Olaoluwa Fajobi, Randolph Rowel, Ronald Braithwaite, Kim D Sydnor
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) significantly affects minority emerging adults, among whom the rate of new diagnoses is high and health disparities are more pronounced. Importantly, emerging adults today have limited knowledge of the earlier toll of the virus when it was identified as a killer. Among this population, perceptions of risk for HIV are low and sexual risk taking behaviors are high. The Get SMART Project is a behavioral intervention aimed to provide re-purposed HIV, alcohol, and substance abuse prevention education and HIV testing to African American emerging adults ages 18-24...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454522/from-the-neurobiological-basis-of-comorbid-alcohol-dependence-and-depression-to-psychological-treatment-strategies-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Alena Becker, Anna M Ehret, Peter Kirsch
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use disorder and depression occur commonly in the community. Even though this high-prevalence comorbidity is associated with poorer posttreatment outcomes and greater utilization of costly treatment services, existing treatment trials often exclude patients with comorbid depressive and alcohol use disorders. Past research suggests that symptoms such as craving and anhedonia might be associated with alterations within the reward circuit, while emotion regulation deficits are related to disruptions within the default mode network...
April 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449379/naloxone-rescheduling-in-australia-processes-implementation-and-challenges-with-supply-of-naloxone-as-a-pharmacist-only-over-the-counter-medicine
#19
Angelo Pricolo, Suzanne Nielsen
ISSUES: Numerous studies and systematic reviews have concluded that naloxone for take-home use is an effective intervention to reduce overdose morbidity and mortality, with few side effects and no abuse potential. One barrier to supply is that naloxone has traditionally been a prescription medication. In May 2015, the Therapeutic Goods Administration of Australia announced the intention to down-schedule naloxone when used for the treatment of opioid overdose, enabling sale in pharmacies without a prescription...
April 27, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443367/preventing-risky-behaviours-among-young-adolescents-in-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo-a-qualitative-study
#20
Anjalee Kohli, Mitima Mpanano Remy, Arsene Kajabika Binkurhorhwa, Clovis Murhula Mitima, Alfred Bacikenge Mirindi, Nadine Bufole Mwinja, Jean Heri Banyewesize, Gisele Mushengezi Ntakwinja, Nancy A Perrin, Nancy Glass
This qualitative study explores and describes adolescent risk behaviours, specifically consumption of alcohol and use of violence; the perceived consequences of these behaviours on future well-being and relationships; and collaboratively identifies the essential components of a prevention intervention for risk behaviours (alcohol use, violence) among young adolescents while strengthening the protective individual and relationship factors in post-conflict Democratic Republic of Congo. One-on-one in-depth interviews were conducted with 28 male and female youth, 20 parents/guardians and 20 stakeholders in three rural villages of South Kivu Province...
April 26, 2017: Global Public Health
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