keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

alcohol training

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455292/effects-of-the-nicotinic-agonist-varenicline-nicotinic-antagonist-r-bpidi-and-dat-inhibitor-r-modafinil-on-co-use-of-ethanol-and-nicotine-in-female-p-rats
#1
Sarah E Maggio, Meredith A Saunders, Thomas A Baxter, Kimberly Nixon, Mark A Prendergast, Guangrong Zheng, Peter Crooks, Linda P Dwoskin, Rachel D Slack, Amy H Newman, Richard L Bell, Michael T Bardo
RATIONALE: Co-users of alcohol and nicotine are the largest group of polysubstance users worldwide. Commonalities in mechanisms of action for ethanol (EtOH) and nicotine proposes the possibility of developing a single pharmacotherapeutic to treat co-use. OBJECTIVES: Toward developing a preclinical model of co-use, female alcohol-preferring (P) rats were trained for voluntary EtOH drinking and i.v. nicotine self-administration in three phases: (1) EtOH alone (0 vs...
February 18, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452135/evidence-based-exercise-recommendations-to-reduce-hepatic-fat-content-in-youth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
María Medrano, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Iván Cavero-Redondo, Jonatan R Ruiz, Francisco B Ortega, Idoia Labayen
The main purposes of this study were to elucidate the effects of supervised-exercise training (ET) interventions on hepatic fat content and on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) prevalence in children and adolescents and to provide information about the optimal ET prescription (type, intensity, volume, and frequency) needed to reduce hepatic fat content in youths. Supervised-ET interventions performed in children and adolescents (6-19 years) that provided results of exercise effects on hepatic fat content or NAFLD prevalence were included...
February 13, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450895/a-test-of-multi-session-automatic-action-tendency-retraining-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption-among-young-adults-in-the-context-of-a-human-laboratory-paradigm
#3
Robert F Leeman, Christine Nogueira, Reinout W Wiers, Janna Cousijn, Kelly Serafini, Kelly S DeMartini, John A Bargh, Stephanie S O'Malley
BACKGROUND: Young adult heavy drinking is an important public health concern. Current interventions have efficacy but with only modest effects, thus novel interventions are needed. In prior studies, heavy drinkers, including young adults, have demonstrated stronger automatically triggered approach tendencies to alcohol-related stimuli than lighter drinkers. Automatic action tendency retraining has been developed to correct this tendency and consequently reduce alcohol consumption. The current study is the first to test multiple iterations of automatic action tendency retraining, followed by laboratory alcohol self-administration...
February 16, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450231/free-will-in-addictive-behaviors-a-matter-of-definition
#4
REVIEW
W Miles Cox, Eric Klinger, Javad Salehi Fadardi
Certain people are at risk for using alcohol or other drugs excessively and for developing problems with their use. Their susceptibility might arise from a variety of factors, including their genetic make-up, brain chemistry, family background, personality and other psychological variables, and environmental and sociocultural variables. Moreover, after substance use has become established, there are additional cognitive-motivational variables (e.g., substance-related attentional bias) that contribute to enacting behaviors consistent with the person's motivation to acquire and use the substance...
June 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444712/physical-activity-as-treatment-for-alcohol-use-disorders-fitforchange-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Mats Hallgren, Victoria Andersson, Örjan Ekblom, Sven Andréasson
BACKGROUND: Help-seeking for alcohol use disorders (AUDs) is low and traditional treatments are often perceived as stigmatizing. Physical activity has positive effects on mental and physical health which could benefit this population. We propose to compare the effects of aerobic training, yoga, and usual care for AUDs in physically inactive Swedish adults. METHODS: This is a three-group, parallel, single-blind, randomized controlled trial (RCT). In total, 210 adults (aged 18-75 years) diagnosed with an AUD will be invited to participate in a 12-week intervention...
February 14, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435591/effect-of-including-alcohol-and-cannabis-content-in-a-sexual-risk-reduction-intervention-on-the-incidence-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-adolescents-a-cluster-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Angela D Bryan, Renee E Magnan, Arielle S Gillman, Elizabeth A Yeater, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, Alberta S Kong, Sarah J Schmiege
Importance: Adolescents in the juvenile justice system are at high risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Concurrent use of alcohol and cannabis increase this risk. Objective: To determine whether a theory-based sexual risk-reduction intervention that included alcohol- and cannabis-focused content resulted in greater reductions in STIs than an intervention that included alcohol-related content only and an intervention that did not include substance use content...
February 12, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433266/flavor-profiling-of-apple-ciders-from-the-uk-and-scandinavian-region
#7
Zihan Qin, Mikael A Petersen, Wender L P Bredie
The aim of this study was to characterize the flavor profiles of 14 commercial apple ciders from the United Kingdom and Scandinavian region. The flavor properties were established by sensory profiling and analysis of volatile and non-volatile components, including titratable acidity, pH, residual sugars and organic acids. A total of 72 volatile compounds were identified in the 14 apple ciders using dynamic headspace sampling (DHS) coupled to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The main volatile compounds found in apple ciders were esters and higher alcohols, followed by aldehydes and fatty acids...
March 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428432/supporting-doctors-as-healthcare-quality-and-safety-advocates-recommendations-from-the-associations-of-surgeons-in-training-asit
#8
C A Fleming, G Humm, J R Wild, H M Mohan, S T Hornby, R L Harries, J E F Fitzgerald, A J Beamish
BACKGROUND: As front-line healthcare staff, doctors in surgical training occupy a unique organisational space rotating through hospitals and services in which they witness first hand both good and bad practice. This puts trainees in a clear position to identify and raise patient safety issues, and to contribute to discussions regarding quality and safety improvement. However, there are a number of real and perceived barriers to trainees doing so. These include concerns about the impact on training assessments and career progression, and uncertainty about the appropriate route...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427080/amphetamine-primes-enhanced-motivation-toward-uncertain-choices-in-rats-with-genetic-alcohol-preference
#9
Ville Oinio, Mikko Sundström, Pia Bäckström, Johanna Uhari-Väänänen, Kalervo Kiianmaa, Atso Raasmaja, Petteri Piepponen
RATIONALE: Comorbidity with gambling disorder (GD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) is well documented. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to examine the influence of genetic alcohol drinking tendency on reward-guided decision making behavior of rats and the impact of dopamine releaser D-amphetamine on this behavior. METHODS: In this study, Alko alcohol (AA) and Wistar rats went through long periods of operant lever pressing training where the task was to choose the profitable of two options...
February 9, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422147/alcohol-and-drug-screening-and-brief-intervention-behaviors-among-advanced-practice-registered-nurse-aprn-students-in-clinical-settings
#10
Katherine Covington, J Aaron Johnson, Dena Henry, Sharon Chalmers, Freida Payne, Linda Tuck, J Paul Seale
Previous research on training health professionals to identify and address unhealthy alcohol and drug use in patients through screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) has found that training increases knowledge about substance use and increases students' confidence in addressing substance use in patients. To date, however, there is little information on how health professional students integrate SBIRT into individual practice. Within a U.S. SBIRT training consortium, advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) students were required to practice SBIRT in clinical settings and complete assessment logs for each patient screened...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415849/a-pilot-test-of-a-motivational-interviewing-social-network-intervention-to-reduce-substance-use-among-housing-first-residents
#11
David P Kennedy, Karen Chan Osilla, Sarah B Hunter, Daniela Golinelli, Ervant Maksabedian Hernandez, Joan S Tucker
This article presents findings of a pilot test of a Motivational Interviewing social network intervention (MI-SNI) to enhance motivation to reduce high risk alcohol and other drug (AOD) use among formerly homeless individuals transitioning to housing. Delivered in-person by a facilitator trained in MI, this four-session computer-assisted intervention provides personalized social network visualization feedback to help participants understand the people in their network who trigger their alcohol and other drug (AOD) use and those who support abstinence...
March 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411128/effects-of-sprint-interval-training-on-ectopic-lipids-and-tissue-specific-insulin-sensitivity-in-men-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#12
Jack A Sargeant, Stephen Bawden, Guruprasad P Aithal, Elizabeth J Simpson, Ian A Macdonald, Mark C Turner, Jessica Cegielski, Kenneth Smith, James L Dorling, Penny A Gowland, Myra A Nimmo, James A King
PURPOSE: This study examined the feasibility of sprint interval exercise training (SIT) for men with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its effects on intrahepatic triglyceride (IHTG), insulin sensitivity (hepatic and peripheral), visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (ScAT). METHODS: Nine men with NAFLD (age 41 ± 8 years; BMI 31.7 ± 3.1 kg m-2; IHTG 15.6 ± 8.3%) were assessed at: (1) baseline (2) after a control phase of no intervention (pre-training) and (3) after 6 weeks of SIT (4-6 maximal 30 s cycling intervals, three times per week)...
February 6, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406844/an-insight-into-the-effect-of-exercises-on-the-prevention-of-osteoporosis-and-associated-fractures-in-high-risk-individuals
#13
REVIEW
Helen Senderovich, Andrew Kosmopoulos
The purpose of this review was to investigate what type of exercises can potentially prevent osteoporosis (OP) and its associated fractures in high-risk populations. MEDLINE was searched for work relevant to various types of exercises used to prevent osteoporotic fractures in high-risk population, from the year 1995 onwards. Twelve articles were identified, and, from them, four were deemed suitable to the objective. The studies reviewed show that various types of exercise are effective and safe in preventing the onset of OP...
January 29, 2018: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405843/conceptualizing-depression-in-vietnam-primary-health-care-providers-explanatory-models-of-depression
#14
Jill Murphy, Elliot Goldner, Kitty K Corbett, Marina Morrow, Vu Cong Nguyen, Dang Thuy Linh, Pham Thi Oanh
The purpose of this qualitative study was to elicit the explanatory models (EMs) of primary healthcare providers (PHPs) in Vietnam in order to (a) understand if and how the concept of depression is understood in Vietnam from the perspective of nonspecialist providers and community members, and (b) to inform the process of introducing services for depression in primary care in Vietnam. We conducted semistructured interviews with 30 PHPs in one rural and one urban district of Hanoi, Vietnam in 2014. We found that although PHPs possess low levels of formal knowledge about depression, they provide consistent accounts of its symptoms and aetiology among their patient population, suggesting that depression is a relevant concept in Vietnam...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401326/post-deployment-mental-health-in-reserve-and-national-guard-service-members-deploying-with-or-without-one-s-unit-and-deployment-preparedness
#15
Robert J Ursano, Jing Wang, Carol S Fullerton, Holly Ramsawh, Robert K Gifford, Dale Russell, Gregory H Cohen, Laura Sampson, Sandro Galea
Background: Given the greater prevalence of post-deployment mental health concerns among reservists, the higher likelihood of deploying without their regular unit, and potentially lower rates of deployment preparedness, we examined associations between deploying with or without one's regular unit (individual augmentee status, IAS), deployment preparedness, and mental health problems including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression (MDD), and binge drinking in a nationally representative sample of Reserve Component (RC) Army and Marine-enlisted males (n = 705)...
January 1, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396118/clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-an-intervention-for-reducing-cholesterol-and-cardiovascular-risk-for-people-with-severe-mental-illness-in-english-primary-care-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
David Osborn, Alexandra Burton, Rachael Hunter, Louise Marston, Lou Atkins, Thomas Barnes, Ruth Blackburn, Thomas Craig, Hazel Gilbert, Samira Heinkel, Richard Holt, Michael King, Susan Michie, Richard Morris, Steve Morris, Irwin Nazareth, Rumana Omar, Irene Petersen, Robert Peveler, Vanessa Pinfold, Kate Walters
BACKGROUND: People with severe mental illnesses, including psychosis, have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. We aimed to evaluate the effects of a primary care intervention on decreasing total cholesterol concentrations and cardiovascular disease risk in people with severe mental illnesses. METHODS: We did this cluster randomised trial in general practices across England, with general practices as the cluster unit. We randomly assigned general practices (1:1) with 40 or more patients with severe mental illnesses using a computer-generated random sequence with a block size of four...
January 15, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385007/alcohol-after-resistance-exercise-does-not-affect-muscle-power-recovery
#17
Danielle E Levitt, Nosakhare O Idemudia, Carianne M Cregar, Anthony A Duplanty, David W Hill, Jakob L Vingren
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of alcohol consumed after heavy eccentric resistance exercise on measures of muscle power. After familiarization and an initial eccentric exercise bout to control for the "repeated-bout effect," ten recreationally resistance-trained men completed two identical heavy eccentric squat bouts (4 sets of 10 repetitions at 110% of concentric 1-repetition maximum) one week apart. Each exercise bout was followed by ingestion of a beverage containing either alcohol (1...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382991/psychosocial-support-following-maxillofacial-trauma-and-its-impact-on-trauma-recurrence
#18
Kai H Lee, Jason Chua
Background: Injuries sustained to the maxillofacial region can result in significant physical trauma and long lasting psychosocial impairment. Maxillofacial trauma has been reported in literature to be a potentially recurrent disease. Patients who suffer maxillofacial trauma can benefit from psychological support. Aim: This study aims to identify maxillofacial trauma patient characteristics, investigate maxillofacial re-injury rate after provision of psychological support and report incidence of post traumatic stress disorder symptoms after maxillofacial trauma...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378212/systemic-blockade-of-lpa1-3-lysophosphatidic-acid-receptors-by-ki16425-modulates-the-effects-of-ethanol-on-the-brain-and-behavior
#19
Laura Sánchez-Marín, David Ladrón de Guevara-Miranda, Mari Carmen Mañas-Padilla, Francisco Alén, Román D Moreno-Fernández, Caridad Díaz-Navarro, José Pérez-Del Palacio, María García-Fernández, Carmen Pedraza, Francisco J Pavón, Fernando Rodríguez de Fonseca, Luis J Santín, Antonia Serrano, Estela Castilla-Ortega
The systemic administration of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) LPA1/3 receptor antagonists is a promising clinical tool for cancer, sclerosis and fibrosis-related diseases. Since LPA1 receptor-null mice engage in increased ethanol consumption, we evaluated the effects of systemic administration of an LPA1/3 receptor antagonist (intraperitoneal ki16425, 20 mg/kg) on ethanol-related behaviors as well as on brain and plasma correlates. Acute administration of ki16425 reduced motivation for ethanol but not for saccharine in ethanol self-administering Wistar rats...
January 26, 2018: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369658/lesbian-gay-and-transgender-veterans-experiences-in-the-veterans-health-administration-positive-signs-and-room-for-improvement
#20
Michael R Kauth, Terri L Barrera, David M Latini
This study explored the characteristics of lesbian, gay, and transgender veteran users of Veterans Health Administration (VHA) services and nonusers, using a national convenience sample. Participants responded to an online, anonymous survey posted on LGBT websites and forwarded through personal contacts, using a snow-ball sampling strategy, resulting in a final sample of 218. Most participants were enrolled in VHA (n = 151). VHA users were older, more ethnically diverse, had less income, and were less public about their sexual or gender minority identity than nonusers...
January 25, 2018: Psychological Services
keyword
keyword
54615
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"