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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216880/isolation-and-characterisation-of-a-proanthocyanidin-with-antioxidative-antibacterial-and-anti-cancer-properties-from-fern-blechnum-orientale
#1
How-Yee Lai, Yau-Yan Lim, Kah-Hwi Kim
BACKGROUND: Blechnum orientale Linn. (Blechnaceae), a fern, is traditionally used in the treatment of various ailments, such as skin diseases, stomach pain, urinary bladder complaints, and also as a female contraceptive. Previously, we reported a strong radical scavenging activity, antibacterial activity and cytotoxicity against HT29 colon cancer cells by aqueous extract of B. orientale. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we attempted to isolate and identify the active compound from the aqueous extract of B...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193226/hair-growth-promoting-effect-of-geranium-sibiricum-extract-in-human-dermal-papilla-cells-and-c57bl-6-mice
#2
William A Boisvert, Miri Yu, Youngbin Choi, Gi Hee Jeong, Yi-Lin Zhang, Sunghun Cho, Changsun Choi, Sanghyun Lee, Bog-Hieu Lee
BACKGROUND: Geranium sibiricum L. has been used as a medicinal plant to treat diarrhea, bacterial infection, and cancer in Bulgaria, Peru, and Korea. However, its hair growth-promoting effect was not investigated so far. This study examined the effects of Geranium sibiricum L. extract (GSE) on hair growth, using in vitro and in vivo models. METHODS: Antioxidant, proliferation and migration assay of GSE was performed with human dermal papilla cells (hDPCs). Hair-growth promoting effect was measured in animal model...
February 13, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191804/does-alternative-and-traditional-wasam-local-cautery-therapy-facilitate-an-early-and-more-extensive-locoregional-metastasis-of-breast-cancer
#3
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: A large heterogeneous group of unproven remedies exist to treat cancer in both developed and developing countries. Some of these remedies often do more harm than good to the patients. The traditional medicine is the sum total of the knowledge, skills, and practices based on the theories, beliefs, and experiences indigenous to different cultures. The traditional medicine in Oman is based on herbal treatment and skin treatment (massage, Cupping and skin burn "cautery" treatment-known as Wasam or Kaiy)...
September 2016: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176669/effects-of-carotenoids-on-health-are-all-the-same-results-from-clinical-trials
#4
Arrigo F G Cicero, Alessandro Colletti
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress is implicated in the pathogenesis of a lot of age-related pathologies and some types of cancers. Carotenoids have shown antioxidant properties, due to the ability to quench singlet oxygen and to scavenge free radicals that may prevent and treat a wide range of chronic diseases. The aim of this review is to discuss the clinical evidence present in literature about the effects of carotenoids on human health and to evaluate their effectiveness in the prevention and treatment of many chronic diseases...
February 6, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141817/comparing-the-quality-of-ambulatory-surgical-care-for-skin-cancer-in-a-veterans-affairs-clinic-and-a-fee-for-service-practice-using-clinical-and-patient-reported-measures
#5
Matthew P Dizon, Eleni Linos, Sarah T Arron, Nancy K Hills, Mary-Margaret Chren
The Institute of Medicine has identified serious deficiencies in the measurement of cancer care quality, including the effects on quality of life and patient experience. Moreover, comparisons of quality in Veterans Affairs Medical Centers (VA) and other sites are timely now that many Veterans can choose where to seek care. To compare quality of ambulatory surgical care for keratinocyte carcinoma (KC) between a VA and fee-for-service (FFS) practice, we used unique clinical and patient-reported data from a comparative effectiveness study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133023/-breast-conserving-surgery-using-real-time-virtual-sonography-in-a-breast-cancer-patient-who-received-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-acase-report
#6
Junta Sakakibara, Masahiro Sakakibara, Takafumi Sangai, Toshiaki Iwase, Takeshi Nagashima
We report a case of breast-conserving surgeryusing real-time virtual sonography(RVS)in a breast cancer patient who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy(NAC). The patient was a 63-year-old woman. Ultrasound(US)showed a lobulated 45 ×40×40mm diameter mass in the C area of the right breast. Histological examination found invasive ductal carcinoma that was negative for estrogen and progesterone receptors and for human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2/neu protein expression, and the Ki-67 index was 50%. The patient was diagnosed with breast cancer clinical stage II A(T2N0M0)...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131913/the-paraguayan-rhinella-toad-venom-implications-in-the-traditional-medicine-and-proliferation-of-breast-cancer-cells
#7
Guillermo Schmeda-Hirschmann, Celeste Vega Gomez, Antonieta Rojas de Arias, Alberto Burgos-Edwards, Jorge Alfonso, Miriam Rolon, Francisco Brusquetti, Flavia Netto, Félix A Urra, César Cárdenas
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Toads belonging to genus Rhinella are used in Paraguayan traditional medicine to treat cancer and skin infections. AIM OF THE STUDY: The objective of the study was to determine the composition of venoms obtained from three different Paraguayan Rhinella species, to establish the constituents of a preparation sold in the capital city of Paraguay to treat cancer as containing the toad as ingredient, to establish the effect of the most active Rhinella schneideri venom on the cell cycle using human breast cancer cells and to assess the antiprotozoal activity of the venoms...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129687/a-case-of-anaphylaxis-to-patent-blue-in-a-patient-with-sentinel-lymph-node-excision
#8
Stefanie Aurich, Anna-Theresa Seitz, Janina Tomm, Jan-Christoph Simon, Regina Treudler
In medicine, patent blue violet (PBV) is utilized for staining lymphatic vessels in sentinel lymph node (SLN) surgery. Moreover, PBV (also called E131 ) is used as food additive. We report on a 51-year-old non-atopic female with early breast cancer, who was scheduled for SLN excision and experienced an intra-operative anaphylactic reaction. In diagnostics the skin prick test (SPT) was positive to PBV. Hypersensitivity reactions to PBV can arise after the first exposure in surgery as sensitization may arise from either PBV (E131) in foods (i...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125738/antimelanogenic-antioxidant-and-antiproliferative-effects-of-antrodia-camphorata-fruiting-bodies-on-b16-f0-melanoma-cells
#9
Jyh-Jye Wang, Chih-Chung Wu, Chun-Lin Lee, Shu-Ling Hsieh, Jin-Bor Chen, Chu-I Lee
Antrodia camphorata is a fungus that is endemic to Taiwan, and its fruiting body has been used as a folk medicine for the prevention or treatment of diverse diseases. The present study is aimed at investigating the antimelanogenesis and antioxidation effect of the ethanolic extract of Antrodia camphorata fruiting body (EE-AC), as well as its antiproliferation effects in B16-F0 melanoma cells. Regarding antimelanogenic effects, EE-AC had effective cupric ions reducing capacity and expressed more potent inhibitory effect than kojic acid on mushroom tyrosinase activity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122160/physicochemical-properties-antioxidant-and-anti-proliferative-capacities-of-dried-leaf-and-its-extract-from-xao-tam-phan-paramignya-trimera
#10
Van Tang Nguyen, Jennette A Sakoff, Christopher J Scarlett
Xao tam phan (P. trimera) has been used for the treatment of cancer and cancer-like aliments. Among different parts of P. trimera plant, leaf is considered as a residual part after harvesting of the root. This study aimed to determine the physiochemical properties, antioxidant and anti-proliferative capacities of P. trimera leaf (PTL) using microwave drying for the preparation of dry sample; methanol and microwave-assisted extraction for the preparation of crude extract; and freeze drying for the preparation of powdered extract...
January 25, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115958/failure-mode-and-effects-analysis-of-skin-electronic-brachytherapy-using-esteya-%C3%A2-unit
#11
Blanca Ibanez-Rosello, Juan Antonio Bautista-Ballesteros, Jorge Bonaque, Francisco Celada, Françoise Lliso, Vicente Carmona, Jose Gimeno-Olmos, Zoubir Ouhib, Joan Rosello, Jose Perez-Calatayud
PURPOSE: Esteya(®) (Nucletron, an Elekta company, Elekta AB, Stockholm, Sweden) is an electronic brachytherapy device used for skin cancer lesion treatment. In order to establish an adequate level of quality of treatment, a risk analysis of the Esteya treatment process has been done, following the methodology proposed by the TG-100 guidelines of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine (AAPM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A multidisciplinary team familiar with the treatment process was formed...
December 2016: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093828/a-systematic-review-on-ethnomedicines-of-anti-cancer-plants
#12
REVIEW
Akash Tariq, Sehrish Sadia, Kaiwen Pan, Ihteram Ullah, Sakina Mussarat, Feng Sun, Olatunji Olusanya Abiodun, Altanzagas Batbaatar, Zilong Li, Dagang Song, Qinli Xiong, Riaz Ullah, Suliman Khan, Buddha Bahadur Basnet, Brawin Kumar, Rabiul Islam, Muhammad Adnan
Cancer is a serious health problem and the second leading cause of death around the globe. Present review is an attempt to provide utmost information based on ethno-pharmacological and toxicological aspects of anti-cancer plants of the world. A total of 276 articles published in English journals and containing maximum ethnomedicinal information were reviewed using several data sources such as; Google scholar, Web of Science, Scopus, PubMed and floras of different countries. A total of 199 anti-cancer plants were recorded in present review and results indicated that traditional medicines are mostly being use in developing countries for cancer treatment...
February 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090508/laser-applications-in-surgery
#13
REVIEW
Beina Azadgoli, Regina Y Baker
In modern medicine, lasers are increasingly utilized for treatment of a variety of pathologies as interest in less invasive treatment modalities intensifies. The physics behind lasers allows the same basic principles to be applied to a multitude of tissue types using slight modifications of the system. Multiple laser systems have been studied within each field of medicine. The term "laser" was combined with "surgery," "ablation," "lithotripsy," "cancer treatment," "tumor ablation," "dermatology," "skin rejuvenation," "lipolysis," "cardiology," "atrial fibrillation (AF)," and "epilepsy" during separate searches in the PubMed database...
December 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080988/medical-mycology-and-fungal-immunology-new-research-perspectives-addressing-a-major-world-health-challenge
#14
REVIEW
Neil A R Gow, Mihai G Netea
Fungi cause more than a billion skin infections, more than 100 million mucosal infections, 10 million serious allergies and more than a million deaths each year. Global mortality owing to fungal infections is greater than for malaria and breast cancer and is equivalent to that owing to tuberculosis (TB) and HIV. These statistics evidence fungal infections as a major threat to human health and a major burden to healthcare budgets worldwide. Those patients who are at greatest risk of life-threatening fungal infections include those who have weakened immunity or have suffered trauma or other predisposing infections such as HIV...
December 5, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053893/bryophytes-hoard-of-remedies-an-ethno-medicinal-review
#15
REVIEW
Satish Chandra, Dinesh Chandra, Anupam Barh, Pankaj, Raj Kumar Pandey, Ishwar Prakash Sharma
Bryophytes are the second largest group of land plants after angiosperms. There is very less knowledge available about medicinal properties of these plants. Bryophytes are popular remedy among the tribal people of different parts of the world. Tribal people use these plants to cure various ailments in their daily lives. Bryophytes are used to cure hepatic disorders, skin diseases, cardiovascular diseases, used as antipyretic, antimicrobial, wound healing and many more other ailments by different tribal communities of Africa, America, Europe, Poland, Argentina, Australia, New Zealand, Turkey, Japan, Taiwan, Pakistan, China, Nepal and different parts of South, North and Eastern India...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053887/components-in-aqueous-hibiscus-rosa-sinensis-flower-extract-inhibit-in%C3%A2-vitro-melanoma-cell-growth
#16
Karina H Goldberg, Ariel C Yin, Archana Mupparapu, Edward P Retzbach, Gary S Goldberg, Catherine F Yang
Skin cancer is extremely common, and melanoma causes about 80% of skin cancer deaths. In fact, melanoma kills over 50 thousand people around the world each year, and these numbers are rising. Clearly, standard treatments are not effectively treating melanoma, and alternative therapies are needed to address this problem. Hibiscus tea has been noted to have medicinal properties, including anticancer effects. Extracts from Hibiscus have been shown to inhibit the growth of a variety of cancer cells. In particular, recent studies found that polyphenols extracted from Hibiscus sabdariffa by organic solvents can inhibit melanoma cell growth...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048378/su-c-brb-06-dosimetric-impact-of-breast-contour-reconstruction-errors-in-gammapod-stereotactic-radiotherapy
#17
Y Niu, S Becker, C Yu, Y Mutaf
PURPOSE: The first GammaPod™ unit, a dedicated prone stereotactic treatment device for early stage breast cancer, has been installed and commissioned at University of Maryland School of Medicine. The objective of this study was to investigate potential dosimetric impact of inaccurate breast contour. METHODS: In GammaPod treatments, patient's beast is immobilized by a breast cup device (BCID) throughout the entire same-day imaging and treatment procedure. 28 different BICD sizes are available to accommodate patients with varying breast sizes...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039793/lippia-graveolens-photochemopreventive-effect-against-uvb-radiation-induced-skin-carcinogenesis
#18
A M García-Bores, A M Espinosa-González, A Reyna-Campos, S Cruz-Toscano, J C Benítez-Flores, C T Hernández-Delgado, S Flores-Maya, M Urzúa-Meza, I Peñalosa-Castro, C L Céspedes-Acuña, J G Avila-Acevedo
Lippia graveolens HBK (Mexican oregano) is a species that is regularly used as a condiment in Mexican cuisine. In traditional medicine, it is used for the treatment of respiratory and digestive illnesses, headaches, rheumatism and inflammation-related disorders. The main chemical components reported in this species include the following: terpenoids, iridoids and flavonoids. The aim of this study was to determine the potential photochemopreventive effect of the methanolic extract of Lippia graveolens (MELG) against ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced skin cancer in SKH-1 mice...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034659/toxins-and-pharmacologically-active-compounds-from-species-of-the-family-bufonidae-amphibia-anura
#19
REVIEW
Candelario Rodríguez, Louise Rollins-Smith, Roberto Ibáñez, Armando A Durant-Archibold, Marcelino Gutiérrez
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Among amphibians, 15 of the 47 species reported to be used in traditional medicines belong to the family Bufonidae, which demonstrates their potential in pharmacological and natural products research. For example, Asian and American tribes use the skin and the parotoid gland secretions of some common toads in the treatment of hemorrhages, bites and stings from venomous animals, skin and stomach disorders, as well as several types of cancers. OVERARCHING OBJECTIVE: In addition to reviewing the occurrence of chemical constituents present in the family Bufonidae, the cytotoxic and biomedical potential of the active compounds produced by different taxa are presented...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031958/life-as-an-early-career-researcher-interview-with-kavita-beri
#20
Kavita Beri
Kavita Beri speaks to Francesca Lake, Managing Editor. Kavita Beri is a board certified Internal Medicine physician in the United States, and is an active member of the American Society of Laser Medicine and Surgery. She is the medical director and owner of BE Skin & Laser Med Spa, an aesthetic medicine practice in NJ, USA. She holds a position as a Visiting Scientist at the Department of Biomaterials and Center for Dermal Research at Rutgers University (NJ, USA) and is an active staff member in the Department of Medicine at Jersey Shore University Medical Center (NJ, USA)...
June 2016: Future Science OA
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