keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neuro

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228838/a-rare-case-of-bilateral-optic-neuritis-and-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-post-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-infection
#1
Aravindhan Baheerathan, Amy Ross Russell, Fion Bremner, Simon F Farmer
Neurological complications are the most commonly encountered extra-pulmonary manifestation of infection with Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae). Here the authors report the case of a 39-year-old woman who was admitted with acute-onset bilateral visual loss coinciding with ascending numbness. Clinical examination, neurological imaging, and nerve conduction studies revealed a syndrome of bilateral optic neuritis and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). Serological testing confirmed recent exposure to M. pneumoniae...
February 2017: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228335/alterations-in-cardiac-autonomic-control-in-spinal-cord-injury
#2
Fin Biering-Sørensen, Tor Biering-Sørensen, Nan Liu, Lasse Malmqvist, Jill Maria Wecht, Andrei Krassioukov
A spinal cord injury (SCI) interferes with the autonomic nervous system (ANS). The effect on the cardiovascular system will depend on the extent of damage to the spinal/central component of ANS. The cardiac changes are caused by loss of supraspinal sympathetic control and relatively increased parasympathetic cardiac control. Decreases in sympathetic activity result in heart rate and the arterial blood pressure changes, and may cause arrhythmias, in particular bradycardia, with the risk of cardiac arrest in those with cervical or high thoracic injuries...
February 15, 2017: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227840/virtual-reality-for-pediatric-neuro-rehabilitation-adaptive-visual-feedback-of-movement-to-engage-the-mirror-neuron-system
#3
Roopeswar Kommalapati, Konstantinos P Michmizos, Roopeswar Kommalapati, Konstantinos P Michmizos, Roopeswar Kommalapati, Konstantinos P Michmizos
Sensorimotor therapy gives optimal results when patients are cognitively engaged into highly repetitive tasks, a goal that most children find hard to pursue. This paper presents the key developments of our ongoing effort to design an interactive rehabilitation environment that motivates physically impaired children throughout their therapy. The continuous motivation is achieved by the system adapting fundamental therapeutic components to the performance of each child. The relevant movement is mirrored to an animated character projected in front of the child...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227392/structural-and-functional-changes-during-epileptogenesis-in-the-mouse-model-of-medial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#4
Yvan Dietrich, Pierre-Antoine Eliat, Gabriel Dieuset, Herve Saint-Jalmes, Charles Pineau, Fabrice Wendling, Benoit Martin, Yvan Dietrich, Pierre-Antoine Eliat, Gabriel Dieuset, Herve Saint-Jalmes, Charles Pineau, Fabrice Wendling, Benoit Martin, Pierre-Antoine Eliat, Charles Pineau, Benoit Martin, Gabriel Dieuset, Yvan Dietrich, Herve Saint-Jalmes, Fabrice Wendling
An important issue in epilepsy research is to understand the structural and functional modifications leading to chronic epilepsy, characterized by spontaneous recurrent seizures, after initial brain insult. To address this issue, we recorded and analyzed electroencephalography (EEG) and quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data during epileptogenesis in the in vivo mouse model of Medial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy (MTLE, kainate). Besides, this model of epilepsy is a particular form of drug-resistant epilepsy...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227349/automated-embolic-signal-detection-using-adaptive-gain-control-and-classification-using-anfis
#5
Praotasna Sombune, Phongphan Phienphanich, Sombat Muengtaweepongsa, Anuchit Ruamthanthong, Charturong Tantibundhit, Praotasna Sombune, Phongphan Phienphanich, Sombat Muengtaweepongsa, Anuchit Ruamthanthong, Charturong Tantibundhit, Praotasna Sombune, Charturong Tantibundhit, Phongphan Phienphanich, Sombat Muengtaweepongsa, Anuchit Ruamthanthong
This work proposes an automated system for real-time high-accuracy detection of cerebral embolic signals (ES) to couple with transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) devices in diagnosing a risk of stroke. The algorithm employs Adaptive Gain Control (AGC) approach to capture suspected ESs in real-time. Then, Adaptive Wavelet Packet Transform (AWPT) and Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) are used to extract from them features most efficiently representing ES, which determined by Sequential Feature Selection technique...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227293/complex-network-analysis-of-resting-state-fmri-of-the-brain
#6
Abdul Rauf Anwar, Muhammad Yousaf Hashmy, Bilal Imran, Muhammad Hussnain Riaz, Sabtain Muhammad Muntazir Mehdi, Makii Muthalib, Stephane Perrey, Gunther Deuschl, Sergiu Groppa, Muthuraman Muthuraman, Abdul Rauf Anwar, Muhammad Yousaf Hashmy, Bilal Imran, Muhammad Hussnain Riaz, Sabtain Muhammad Muntazir Mehdi, Makii Muthalib, Stephane Perrey, Gunther Deuschl, Sergiu Groppa, Muthuraman Muthuraman, Bilal Imran, Makii Muthalib, Gunther Deuschl, Sergiu Groppa, Abdul Rauf Anwar, Stephane Perrey, Muhammad Hussnain Riaz, Muthuraman Muthuraman, Muhammad Yousaf Hashmy
Due to the fact that the brain activity hardly ever diminishes in healthy individuals, analysis of resting state functionality of the brain seems pertinent. Various resting state networks are active inside the idle brain at any time. Based on various neuro-imaging studies, it is understood that various structurally distant regions of the brain could be functionally connected. Regions of the brain, that are functionally connected, during rest constitutes to the resting state network. In the present study, we employed the complex network measures to estimate the presence of community structures within a network...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227194/exploring-neuro-muscular-synergies-of-reaching-movements-with-unified-independent-component-analysis
#7
Fiorenzo Artoni, Elvira Pirondini, Alessandro Panarese, Silvestre Micera, Fiorenzo Artoni, Elvira Pirondini, Alessandro Panarese, Silvestre Micera, Elvira Pirondini, Alessandro Panarese, Fiorenzo Artoni, Silvestro Micera
The coordinated recruitment of group of muscles through muscles synergies is known to simplify the control of movements. However, how and to what extent such control scheme is encoded at a cortical level is poorly understood. So far, electroencephalography (EEG) and electromyography (EMG) have been used, separately, to investigate the cortical regions of the human brain which may be involved in activating muscle synergies. Here we aim at extending these results by looking for a hierarchical relationship between cortical and muscular sources of activity (neuro-muscular synergies) with a unified analysis of independent components (IC) simultaneously extracted from both EEG and EMG signals...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227183/a-modular-closed-loop-platform-for-intracranial-stimulation-in-people-with-neurological-disorders
#8
Anish A Sarma, Britni Crocker, Sydney S Cash, Wilson Truccolo, Anish A Sarma, Britni Crocker, Sydney S Cash, Wilson Truccolo, Sydney S Cash, Wilson Truccolo, Anish A Sarma, Britni Crocker
Neuromodulation systems based on electrical stimulation can be used to investigate, probe, and potentially treat a range of neurological disorders. The effects of ongoing neural state and dynamics on stimulation response, and of stimulation parameters on neural state, have broad implications for the development of closed-loop neuro-modulation approaches. We describe the development of a modular, low-latency platform for pre-clinical, closed-loop neuromodulation studies with human participants. We illustrate the uses of the platform in a stimulation case study with a person with epilepsy undergoing neuro-monitoring prior to resective surgery...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226841/mentor-s-brain-functional-connectivity-network-during-robotic-assisted-surgery-mentorship
#9
Somayeh B Shafiei, Scott T Doyle, Khurshid A Guru, Somayeh B Shafiei, Scott T Doyle, Khurshid A Guru, Somayeh B Shafiei, Khurshid A Guru, Scott T Doyle
In many complicated cognitive-motor tasks mentoring is inevitable during the learning process. Although mentors are expert in doing the task, trainee's operation might be new for a mentor. This makes mentoring a very difficult task which demands not only the knowledge and experience of a mentor, but also his/her ability to follow trainee's movements and patiently advise him/her during the operation. We hypothesize that information binding throughout the mentor's brain areas, contributed to the task, changes as the expertise level of the trainee improves from novice to intermediate and expert...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226694/multi-output-gaussian-processes-for-enhancing-resolution-of-diffusion-tensor-fields
#10
Hernan Dario Vargas Cardona, Alvaro A Orozco, Mauricio A Alvarez, Hernan Dario Vargas Cardona, Alvaro A Orozco, Mauricio A Alvarez, Hernan Dario Vargas Cardona, Mauricio A Alvarez, Alvaro A Orozco
Second order diffusion tensor (DT) fields are widely used in several clinical applications: brain fibers connections, diagnosis of neuro-degenerative diseases, image registration, brain conductivity models, etc. However, due to current acquisition protocols and hardware limitations in MRI machines, the diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) data is obtained with low spatial resolution (1 or 2 mm(3) for each voxel). This issue can be significant, because tissue fibers are much smaller than voxel size. Interpolation has become in a successful methodology for enhancing spatial resolution of DT fields...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226633/autonomous-vision-guided-approach-for-the-analysis-and-grading-of-vertical-suspension-tests-during-hammersmith-infant-neurological-examination-hine
#11
Prasenjit Dey, Debi Prosad Dogra, Partha Pratim Roy, Harish Bhaskar, Prasenjit Dey, Debi Prosad Dogra, Partha Pratim Roy, Harish Bhaskar, Debi Prosad Dogra, Harish Bhaskar, Prasenjit Dey, Partha Pratim Roy
Computer vision assisted diagnostic systems are gaining popularity in different healthcare applications. This paper presents a video analysis and pattern recognition framework for the automatic grading of vertical suspension tests on infants during the Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination (HINE). The proposed vision-guided pipeline applies a color-based skin region segmentation procedure followed by the localization of body parts before feature extraction and classification. After constrained localization of lower body parts, a stick-diagram representation is used for extracting novel features that correspond to the motion dynamic characteristics of the infant's leg movements during HINE...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226574/a-temperature-controlled-glove-with-non-invasive-arterial-pulse-sensing-for-active-neuro-vascular-assessment
#12
Andrew M Carek, Omer T Inan, Andrew M Carek, Omer T Inan, Andrew M Carek, Omer T Inan
A non-invasive, active neuro-vascular assessment system was developed using a modified temperature-controlled glove and feedback techniques. The glove incorporates local heating and cooling of the hand using multi-point skin temperature measurements as feedback, and thereby induces local and central mechanisms involved in thermoregulation. Electrocardiogram (ECG), photoplethysmogram (PPG) and non-invasive finger-cuff based blood pressure (BP) measurements were used to monitor electrophysiology and hemodynamic changes in response to temperature modulation...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226442/adaptive-attention-driven-speech-enhancement-for-eeg-informed-hearing-prostheses
#13
Neetha Das, Simon Van Eyndhoven, Tom Francart, Alexander Bertrand, Neetha Das, Simon Van Eyndhoven, Tom Francart, Alexander Bertrand, Tom Francart, Neetha Das, Simon Van Eyndhoven, Alexander Bertrand
State-of-the-art hearing prostheses are equipped with acoustic noise reduction algorithms to improve speech intelligibility. Currently, one of the major challenges is to perform acoustic noise reduction in so-called cocktail party scenarios with multiple speakers, in particular because it is difficult-if not impossible-for the algorithm to determine which are the target speaker(s) that should be enhanced, and which speaker(s) should be treated as interfering sources. Recently, it has been shown that electroencephalography (EEG) can be used to perform auditory attention detection, i...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225527/neuro-trauma-or-med-surg-intensive-care-unit-does-it-matter-where-multiple-injuries-patients-with-traumatic-brain-injury-are-admitted-secondary-analysis-of-the-american-association-for-the-surgery-of-trauma-multi-institutional-trials-committee-decompressive
#14
Sarah Lombardo, Thomas Scalea, Jason Sperry, Raul Coimbra, Gary Vercruysse, Toby Enniss, Gregory J Jurkovich, Raminder Nirula
INTRODUCTION: Patients with nontraumatic acute intracranial pathology benefit from neurointensivist care. Similarly, trauma patients with and without traumatic brain injury (TBI) fare better when treated by a dedicated trauma team. No study has yet evaluated the role of specialized neurocritical (NICU) and trauma intensive care units (TICU) in the management of TBI patients, and it remains unclear which TBI patients are best served in NICU, TICU, or general (Med/Surg) ICU. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma Multi-Institutional Trials Committee (AAST-MITC) decompressive craniectomy study...
March 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224327/effects-of-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-administration-of-neuro-behcet-s-disease-igg
#15
Ece Erdağ, Ceren Şahin, Cem İsmail Küçükali, Sinem Bireller, Melike Küçükerden, Murat Kürtüncü, Recai Türkoğlu, Bedia Cakmakoglu, Erdem Tüzün, Feyza Arıcıoğlu
Antibodies directed against membrane antigens of neuronal axonal processes (neuropil) have been recently identified in neuro-Behcet's disease (NBD) patients. To delineate the potential pathogenic action of these antibodies, pooled sera from seven NBD patients with neuropil antibodies and seven healthy controls were divided into purified IgG and IgG-depleted serum (IgG-DS) fractions and each fraction was administered into lateral ventricles of rats. NBD IgG-injected rats showed reduced locomotor activity in the open field test as compared to NBD IgG-DS, healthy control IgG, healthy control IgG-DS and PBS injected rats (n = 10 for each group)...
February 21, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224319/fine-morphological-evaluation-of-hypothalamus-in-patients-with-hyperphagia
#16
Yoshikazu Ogawa, Kuniyasu Niizuma, Teiji Tominaga
BACKGROUND: Various metabolic diseases induced by eating disorders are some of the most serious and difficult problems for modern public healthcare. However, little is known about hyperphagia, partly because of the lack of a clear definition. Several basic studies have analyzed eating habits using endocrinological or neurophysiological approaches, which have suggested a controlled balance between the hunger and satiety centers in the central nervous system. However, more detailed neuro-radiologic evaluations have not been achieved for the hypothalamus, and evaluations were limited only to the floor of the third ventricles...
February 21, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223848/severe-panuveitis-in-neuro-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-in-malaysia-a-case-series
#17
Khairuddin Othman, Ahmad Tajudin Liza-Sharmini, Mohtar Ibrahim, John Tharakan, Ryoji Yanai, Embong Zunaina
Behçet's disease (BD) is a multisystemic disease that is very rare in Malaysia. About 5% of patients develop central nervous system involvement, termed neuro-Behçet's. Neuro-Behçet's is one of the most serious causes of long-term morbidity and mortality. We report two cases of neuro-Behçet's associated with uveitis (ocular BD) highlighting the clinical presentation, diagnostic measurement, and therapeutic management of these cases.
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222524/a-combination-of-resveratrol-and-curcumin-is-effective-against-aluminum-chloride-induced-neuroinflammation-in-rats
#18
Amira Zaky, Ahmad Bassiouny, Mahitab Farghaly, Bassma M El-Sabaa
BACKGROUND: Experimental studies have demonstrated that aluminum is an environmental toxin that induces neuroinflammation and the development of Alzheimer's disease. OBJECTIVE: In this report, we investigated the beneficial effect of a combination of resveratrol and curcumin to reduce aluminum-induced neuroinflammation. METHOD: We employed both an in vivo model of aluminum-induced neuroinflammation and an in vitro aluminum stimulated cultured PC-12 cells...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222358/tyrosine-kinase-inhibition-is-an-important-factor-for-gene-expression-of-crth2-in-human-eosinophils-and-lymphocytes-a-novel-mechanism-for-explaining-eosinophils-recruitment-by-the-neuro-immune-axis-in-allergic-rhinitis
#19
A E El-Shazly, P Roncarati, M Lejeune, P P Lefebvre, P Delvenne
We recently shown a novel neuro-immune competition between vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and PGD2 for CRTH2 receptor, and that genistein augmented VIP and PGD2-induced eosinophil chemotaxis. However, there are neither studies on the CRTH2 gene expression in allergic rhinitis (AR) nor in the effect of tyrosine kinase inhibitors in CRTH2 gene regulation. Our Objectives were to study the gene expression modulation of CRTH2 receptor in AR patients and the effect of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) on CRTH2 gene modulation...
February 18, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220542/the-gut-microbiome-in-human-neurological-disease-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Helen Tremlett, Kylynda C Bauer, Silke Appel-Cresswell, Brett B Finlay, Emmanuelle Waubant
Almost half the cells and 1% of the unique genes found in our bodies are human, the rest are from microbes; predominantly bacteria, archaea, fungi, and viruses. These microorganisms collectively form the human microbiota, with most colonizing the gut. Recent technological advances, open access data-libraries, and application of high throughput sequencing have allowed these microbes to be identified and their contribution to neurological health examined. Emerging evidence links perturbations in the gut microbiota to neurological disease, including disease risk, activity, and progression...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Neurology
keyword
keyword
546
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"