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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108633/hemoperitoneum-secondary-to-intercostal-arterial-bleeding-in-a-trauma-patient
#1
K Laeeq, S Cheung, B Phillips
Blunt trauma resulting in rib fractures can be associated with hemothorax, pneumothorax, pulmonary contusions or less frequently chest and abdominal wall hematomas. Our case describes the first report of hemoperitoneum secondary to intercostal arterial bleeding from blunt trauma in a patient on anticoagulation.
January 19, 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107233/posterior-correction-without-rib-head-resection-for-patients-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-dystrophic-scoliosis-and-rib-head-protrusion-into-the-spinal-canal
#2
Siyi Cai, Jianguo Zhang, Jianxiong Shen, Hong Zhao, Xisheng Weng, Guixing Qiu
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to report the result of patients with neurofibromatosis type 1(NF-1), dystrophic scoliosis, and rib-head protrusion into the spinal canal who received posterior scoliosis correction surgery without rib-head resection. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: A total of 124 patients with NF-1 and dystrophic scoliosis were treated at our institution during the study period. Eight patients with a median age of 12 years had rib-head protrusion into the spinal canal and received surgery and were included in the analysis...
February 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107077/evaluation-of-cardiac-size-in-the-common-kestrel-falco-tinnunculus-based-on-radiographic-measurements
#3
Ali Mirshahi, Mahnaz Shariatzadeh, Jamshid Razmyar, Mohammad Azizzadeh
The common kestrel ( Falco tinnunculus ) is a common raptor found worldwide. To establish reference intervals for cardiac size by radiography, 14 adult common kestrels were evaluated clinically and with radiographs (lateral and ventrodorsal views). The cardiac width, thoracic width, distance between third and fourth ribs, synsacrum width, coracoid width, and distance between clavicle bones were measured on ventrodorsal radiographs. The ratio between cardiac width and the other 5 indices was calculated. Results showed a significant, positive correlation between the cardiac width and thoracic width and between cardiac width and coracoid width...
December 2016: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106524/the-utility-of-3d-printing-for-surgical-planning-and-patient-specific-implant-design-for-complex-spinal-pathologies-case-report
#4
Ralph J Mobbs, Marc Coughlan, Robert Thompson, Chester E Sutterlin, Kevin Phan
OBJECTIVE There has been a recent renewed interest in the use and potential applications of 3D printing in the assistance of surgical planning and the development of personalized prostheses. There have been few reports on the use of 3D printing for implants designed to be used in complex spinal surgery. METHODS The authors report 2 cases in which 3D printing was used for surgical planning as a preoperative mold, and for a custom-designed titanium prosthesis: one patient with a C-1/C-2 chordoma who underwent tumor resection and vertebral reconstruction, and another patient with a custom-designed titanium anterior fusion cage for an unusual congenital spinal deformity...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105364/disseminated-penicillium-marneffei-infection-recurrence-in-a-non-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-patient-a-case-report
#5
Zhixue Zhang, Fangxu Tao, Yining Li, Yudong Xiao, Zhishu Zhang, Jun Liu
Penicillium marneffei is a rare deep tissue fungal infection causing an endemic in Southeast Asia. This infection causes penicilliosis disease and is more common in patients who are immunocompromised. To date, no cases of P. marneffei infection relapse following treatment have been reported. A 36-year-old patient attended our hospital as a result of intermittent fever, cough, shortness of breath and multiple soft lesions located on the face, arms, neck and trunk. The medical radiological examination of the lung revealed multiple patchy exudative shadows, thick-walled hollow inner part of the visible lesions, bilateral pleural and pericardial effusion...
December 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102950/quantitative-impact-of-changes-in-marrow-cellularity-skeletal-size-and-bone-mineral-density-on-active-marrow-dosimetry-based-upon-a-reference-model
#6
Amy M Geyer, Bryan C Schwarz, Robert F Hobbs, George Sgouros, Wesley E Bolch
PURPOSE: The hematopoietically active tissues of skeletal bone marrow are a prime target for computational dosimetry given potential risks of leukemia and, at higher dose levels, acute marrow toxicity. The complex three-dimensional geometry of trabecular spongiosa, however, complicates schema for dose assessment in such a way that only a few reference skeletal models have been developed to date, and which are based upon microimaging of a limited number of cadaveric bone spongiosa cores...
January 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101629/treatment-of-ribbing-disease-with-5-year-follow-up-and-literature-review
#7
L L Zhang, W M Jiang, H L Yang, Z-P Luo
Ribbing disease, or multiple diaphyseal sclerosis, is a rare diaphyseal sclerosis of unknown etiology. Patients with this pathology usually present with asymmetric pain limited to the lower extremities. Though all efforts are made to relieve the progressive pain associated with Ribbing disease, no medical or surgical treatments have been established yet. In this case report, we followed up a Ribbing case with sclerotic bone fenestration for 5 years. The radiological changes and the clinical effects are described, and the different Ribbing treatments are then briefly reviewed...
January 18, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101232/feasibility-and-application-of-single-hole-video-assisted-thoracoscope-in-pulmonary-peripheral-tumors
#8
Xin Wang, Lei Wang, Hao Zhang, Ke Li, Xiangnan Gong
The feasibility and clinical application of single-hole video-assisted thoracoscope in pulmonary peripheral tumors was examined. From March, 2011 to March, 2015, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical data obtained from 32 patients with pulmonary peripheral tumor that received single-hole thoracoscopic surgery. We completed the surgery via a 1.5-cm incision on the seventh or eighth rib in midaxillary line as the observation hole, and a 4.0-5.0-cm incision in the lateral margin of pectoralis major in the fourth or fifth rib in midaxillary line as the operation hole...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101154/minimally-invasive-open-nephrectomy-on-children-with-multicystic-dysplastic-kidney
#9
Dongchuan Feng, Xiaoyu Zhu, Fang Sun, Tongsheng Ma, Yuan Li, Shujing Chen
The aim of the study was to summarize the preliminary experience of minimally invasive open nephrectomy operation on children with multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK). A retrospective review was performed on the clinical materials of the 15 children that had accepted consecutive minimally invasive open nephrectomies during the previous 2 years. The enrolled children were diagnosed with unilateral MCDK under computed tomography, emission computerized tomography and ultrasound and no anomaly in the contralateral functioning kidney was found...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100942/potential-benefits-of-rib-fracture-fixation-in-patients-with-flail-chest-and-multiple-non-flail-rib-fractures
#10
Meiguang Qiu, Zhanjun Shi, Jun Xiao, Xuming Zhang, Shishui Ling, Hao Ling
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the potential benefits of rib fracture fixation in patients with flail chest and multiple non-flail rib fractures versus conventional treatment modalities. A retrospective reviewed study compared 86 cases which received surgical treatment between June 2009 and May 2013 to 76 cases which received conservative treatment between January 2006 and May 2009. The patients were divided into the flail chest (n = 38) and multiple non-flail rib fracture groups (n = 124)...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099574/anatomy-and-micromorphometric-analysis-of-leaf-catasetum-x-apolloi-benelli-grill-with-addition-of-potassium-silicate-under-different-light-sources
#11
L Eburneo, N G Ribeiro-Júnior, I V Karsburg, A A B Rossi, I V Silva
The aim of this study was to compare vitroplants Catasetum x apolloi grown under natural light and artificial light and different concentrations of potassium silicate, providing data on the anatomical differentiation that aids the acclimatization process of this species. Plants from in vitro seeding were used; 5 protocorms of approximately 0.5 cm were inoculated into vials with a capacity of 500 mL containing 100 mL of alternative culture medium plus potassium silicate (0.0, 0.5; 1.0 mL L-1), pH adjusted to 5...
January 12, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099243/supraclavicular-brachial-plexus-block-in-the-presence-of-a-cervical-rib
#12
Monica Liu, Philip Peng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097188/the-migration-of-air-into-the-aorta-from-a-pneumothorax-in-a-patient-with-a-penetrating-injury-of-the-aorta
#13
Youichi Yanagawa, Akihiko Kondo, Toshihiko Yoshizawa, Kei Jitsuiki, Takahito Miyake, Hiromichi Ohsaka, Manabu Sugita
A tree fell on the back of a 77-year-old male. A postmortem computed tomographic pan scan revealed systemic air embolism, multiple rib fractures with a penetrating injury to the aorta, pneumohemothorax, and air in the aorta. A massive amount of air entered the site of a penetrating injury of the aorta. This unique case adds one more cause to the list of documented etiologies of air in the aorta.
June 2016: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095763/effect-of-socks-structures-on-plantar-dynamic-pressure-distribution
#14
Zeynab Soltanzadeh, Saeed Shaikhzadeh Najar, M Haghpanahi, M R Mohajeri-Tehrani
A major purpose of investigating the plantar pressure in patients with pain or those at risk for skin injury is to reduce the pressure below metatarsal heads, specially first and second metatarsal heads. The aim of this article is to evaluate the effects of the socks structures on the changes in plantar dynamic pressure. In this study, seven socks types with different structures for the sole area were produced. The Gaitview(®) AFA-50 system, a force plate, was used to measure the plantar dynamic pressure of 10 participants...
November 2016: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094004/the-vertebrae-and-ribs-of-homo-naledi
#15
Scott A Williams, Daniel García-Martínez, Markus Bastir, Marc R Meyer, Shahed Nalla, John Hawks, Peter Schmid, Steven E Churchill, Lee R Berger
Hominin evolution featured shifts from a trunk shape suitable for climbing and housing a large gut to a trunk adapted to bipedalism and higher quality diets. Our knowledge regarding the tempo, mode, and context in which these derived traits evolved has been limited, based largely on a small-bodied Australopithecus partial skeleton (A.L. 288-1; "Lucy") and a juvenile Homo erectus skeleton (KNM-WT 15000; "Turkana Boy"). Two recent discoveries, of a large-bodied Australopithecus afarensis (KSD-VP-1/1) and two Australopithecus sediba partial skeletons (MH1 and MH2), have added to our understanding of thorax evolution; however, little is known about thorax morphology in early Homo...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091812/erratum-to-rib-resection-using-a-pneumatic-high%C3%A2-speed-power-drill-system-for-lung-cancer-with-chest-wall-invasion-our-clinical-experience
#16
Yuichiro Ueda, Tatsuo Nakagawa, Toshiya Toyazaki, Naohisa Chiba, Masashi Gotoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090418/the-forgotten-lumbocostal-ligament-anatomical-study-with-application-to-thoracolumbar-surgery
#17
Erfanul Saker, Gabrielle G Tardieu, Fernando Alonso, Beom Sun Chung, Christian Fisahn, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
INTRODUCTION: Most ligaments of the human body have been well studied. However, the lumbocostal ligament has received little attention in the extant medical literature and, to our knowledge, has not undergone anatomical study. Therefore, the present study was performed to better characterize this structure's anatomy and relationships. METHODS: In the prone position, 10 adult cadavers underwent dissection of their lumbocostal ligaments. All specimens were unembalmed and had no history of surgery to the spine...
December 11, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088301/methocarbamol-use-is-associated-with-decreased-hospital-length-of-stay-in-trauma-patients-with-closed-rib-fractures
#18
Asad E Patanwala, Ohoud Aljuhani, Brian J Kopp, Brian L Erstad
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of methocarbamol on hospital length of stay in patients with closed rib fracture injuries. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted in an academic medical center in the United States. Adult trauma patients, who sustained closed rib fractures, were included. Patients were categorized based on whether they received methocarbamol or not during admission. The primary outcome of interest was time to hospital discharge in days (i...
January 6, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087547/risk-of-pneumonia-in-patients-with-isolated-minor-rib-fractures-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#19
Sai-Wai Ho, Ying-Hock Teng, Shun-Fa Yang, Han-Wei Yeh, Yu-Hsun Wang, Ming-Chih Chou, Chao-Bin Yeh
OBJECTIVES: Isolated minor rib fractures (IMRFs) after blunt chest traumas are commonly observed in emergency departments. However, the relationship between IMRFs and subsequent pneumonia remains controversial. This nationwide cohort study investigated the association between IMRFs and the risk of pneumonia in patients with blunt chest traumas. DESIGN: Nationwide population-based cohort study. SETTING: Patients with IMRFs were identified between 2010 and 2011 from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079945/systematic-review-of-site-distribution-of-bone-metastases-in-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#20
REVIEW
Marcela Osorio, Sami P Moubayed, Henry Su, Mark L Urken
BACKGROUND: Thyroid cancer is the fastest growing cancer in the United States. A small portion of differentiated thyroid cancers (DTCs; 2% to 13%) develop bone metastases, which can decrease a patient's survival rate by more than 60%. METHODS: A systematic literature search of studies, including patients with DTC with bone metastases, was conducted by following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. A case series of patients with DTC diagnosed with bone metastases seen at our institution was also included...
January 11, 2017: Head & Neck
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