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David J Tennent, Stefanie M Shiels, Jessica A Jennings, Warren O Haggard, Joseph C Wenke
BACKGROUND: Contaminated traumatic open orthopedic wounds are frequently complicated by polymicrobial contamination and infection. In high-risk wounds, the standard of care comprises debridement and irrigation combined with antibiotics which can be applied directly or combined with systemic antibiotics. Recently, bioabsorbable chitosan sponges have been shown to be an effective single-agent delivery device for local antibiotics with and without negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT). Severely contaminated orthopedic wounds, however, are often complicated by polymicrobial infections, necessitating multiple antibiotic agents...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Ehsan Mostaed, Malgorzata Sikora-Jasinska, Jaroslaw W Drelich, Maurizio Vedani
The search for biodegradable metals with mechanical properties equal or higher to those of currently used permanent biomaterials, such as stainless steels, cobalt chromium and titanium alloys, desirable in vivo degradation rate and uniform corrosion is still an open challenge. Magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn)-based alloys have been proposed as biodegradable metals for medical applications. Over the last two decades, extensive research has been done on Mg and Fe. Fe-based alloys show appropriate mechanical properties, but their degradation rate is an order of magnitude below the benchmark value...
March 9, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
M M Rius-Zavala, F I Gil-Orbezo, C A Trueba-Davalillo, C Trueba-Vasavilbaso, M Acuña-Tovar
BACKGROUND: Ten percent of all ankle fractures, 20% of the fractures treated surgically, and 1-18% of all sprains involve a syndesmosis injury. The methods used for reduction are metal or bioabsorbable syndesmotic set screws, direct repair, and sutures with or without buttons. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical function of patients who sustained Weber B ankle fractures and were treated with the TightRope system or a syndesmotic set screw. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An observational, comparative, cross-sectional study was conducted between March 2012 and March 2015...
September 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
Rajiv Ananthakrishna, William Kristanto, Li Liu, Siew-Pang Chan, Poay Huan Loh, Edgar L Tay, Koo Hui Chan, Mark Y Chan, Chi-Hang Lee, Adrian F Low, Huay Cheem Tan, Joshua P Loh
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the target lesion failure (TLF) rate of the SYNERGY stent in all-comers, multiethnic Asian population. BACKGROUND: Currently, most drug eluting stents deliver anti-proliferative drugs from a durable polymer which is associated with a risk of late stent thrombosis. The novel everolimus-eluting, platinum chromium SYNERGY stent is coated with a bioabsorbable abluminal polymer that resolves within 4 months. METHODS: This was a prospective, single center registry of consecutive patients treated with the SYNERGY stent between December 2012 and April 2015...
March 7, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
M Mageed, T Steinberg, N Drumm, N Stubbs, J Wegert, M Koene
OBJECTIVE: Fractures involving the proximal one-third of the splint bone are relatively rare and are challenging to treat. A variety of management techniques have been reported in the literature. The aim of this retrospective case series was to describe the clinical presentation and evaluate the efficacy of bioabsorbable polylactic acid screws in internal fixation of proximal fractures of the 2nd and 4th metacarpal and metatarsal bones in horses. METHODS: The medical records, diagnostic images and outcome of all horses diagnosed with a proximal fracture of the splint bones and treated with partial resection and internal fixation of the proximal stump using bioabsorbable polylactic acid screws between 2014 and 2015 were reviewed...
March 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
Michael Joner, Philipp Ruppelt, Philine Zumstein, Capucine Lapointe-Corriveau, Guy Leclerc, Anna Bulin, Maria Isabel Castellanos, Eric Wittchow, Michael Haude, Ron Waksman
AIMS: Because vascular restoration therapy using bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BRS) remains an appealing concept to restore vasoreactivity, understanding of biodegradation remains paramount during preclinical testing. METHODS AND RESULTS: Qualitative characterization of biodegradation was performed in 41 DREAMS 1G up to 3 years, while degradation kinetics were acquired in 54 DREAMS 2G implanted into porcine coronary arteries for 28, 90 and 180 days, 1 and 2 years...
February 20, 2018: EuroIntervention
Dan Liu, Daguo Mi, Tuanjie Zhang, Yanping Zhang, Junying Yan, Yaxian Wang, Xuefeng Tan, Ying Yuan, Yumin Yang, Xiaosong Gu, Wen Hu
The repair of peripheral nerve laceration injury to obtain optimal function recovery remains a big challenge in the clinic. Misdirection of regenerating axons to inappropriate target, as a result of forced mismatch of endoneurial sheaths in the case of end-to-end nerve anastomosis or nerve autografting, represents one major drawback that limits nerve function recovery. Here we tested whether tubulation repair of a nerve defect could be beneficial in terms of nerve regeneration accuracy and nerve function. We employed sequential retrograde neuronal tracing to assess the accuracy of motor axon regeneration into the tibial nerve after sciatic nerve laceration and entubulation in adult Sprague-Dawley rats...
February 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
Xu-Hui Zhang, Lei Xia, Gang-Tao Wang, Tan Li
OBJECTIVE: To study clinical effects of multi-point fixation with bioabsorbable cartilage screws for the treatment of osteochondral fracture caused by patellar instability. METHODS: During the period from August 2014 to Steptember 2016, there were 21 patients with osteochondral fracture caused by patellar dislocation, including 7 males and 14 females, ranging in age from 12 to 42 years old, with an average of 27 years old. During the operation, free fractures fragments of cartilage were found with a open surgery, and the patients were treated with fixation by absorbable cartilage screws combined with lateral retinaculum release and medial retinaculum shrinkage...
November 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Peter D Fabricant, Yi-Meng Yen, Dennis E Kramer, Mininder S Kocher, Lyle J Micheli, J Todd R Lawrence, Theodore J Ganley, Benton E Heyworth
Background: While traditional biological principles have suggested that fragments consisting of cartilage alone cannot be reaffixed to bone with expectable long-term healing, case reports of successful healing after fixation in younger patients indicate that this concept remains incompletely explored. Purpose: To evaluate the presenting features, techniques, healing rates, and clinical and radiological results in a cohort of pediatric and adolescent athletes who underwent fixation of traumatic chondral-only fragments in the knee...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Yang Yang, Xiaofeng Qiu, Yi Sun, Yifeng Wang, Jine Wang, Yulin Li, Changsheng Liu
Cell functions can be mediated through their interactions with the microenvironments, which highly depend on the surface state of the substrate. However, how to finely adjust the surface of biomaterials is still very challenging. In this study, poly(d,l-lactide) (PDLLA) with high molecular weight was synthesized via ring opening polymerization, which was hot-pressed into PDLLA membrane. In order to modify the hydrophobicity of the membrane (a limiting factor for its biomedical application), an amphiphilic monomethoxyl poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(d,l-lactide) (PEG-PDLLA) was selected to improve its surface hydrophilicity through a simple self-assembly approach...
January 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Vikas Thondapu, Erhan Tenekecioglu, Eric K W Poon, Carlos Collet, Ryo Torii, Christos V Bourantas, Cheng Chin, Yohei Sotomi, Hans Jonker, Jouke Dijkstra, Eve Revalor, Frank Gijsen, Yoshinobu Onuma, Andrew Ooi, Peter Barlis, Patrick W Serruys
Aims: As a sine qua non for arterial wall physiology, local hemodynamic forces such as endothelial shear stress (ESS) may influence long-term vessel changes as bioabsorbable scaffolds dissolve. The aim of this study was to perform serial computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations to examine immediate and long-term haemodynamic and vascular changes following bioresorbable scaffold placement. Methods and results: Coronary arterial models with long-term serial assessment (baseline and 5 years) were reconstructed through fusion of intravascular optical coherence tomography and angiography...
February 2, 2018: European Heart Journal
Mehmet F Güleçyüz, Michael Kraus-Petersen, Christian Schröder, Andreas Ficklscherer, Markus U Wagenhäuser, Christian Braun, Peter E Müller, Matthias F Pietschmann
Background: The incidence of osteoporosis and rotator cuff tears increases with age. Cement augmentation of bones is an established method in orthopedic and trauma surgery. Questions/Purposes: This study analyses if polymethylmethacrylate or bioabsorbable cement can improve the primary stability of a bioabsorbable suture anchor in vitro in comparison to a non-augmented suture anchor in osteoporotic human humeri. Methods: The trabecular bone mineral density was measured to ensure osteopenic human specimens...
February 2018: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
Dong-Yul Kim, Iel-Yong Sung, Yeong-Cheol Cho, Eun-Ji Park, Jang-Ho Son
PURPOSE: To compare bioabsorbable plates with metal miniplate systems for use in endoscope-assisted open reduction and internal fixation (EAORIF) of mandibular subcondylar fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included patients with mandibular subcondylar fractures treated with EAORIF using bioabsorbable unsintered hydroxyapatite/poly l-lactide composite plates or titanium miniplate systems. The outcome variables included preoperative fracture conditions, postoperative stability during fracture healing, and complications during the follow-up period...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Peter McKavanagh, George Zawadowski, Naveed Ahmed, Michael Kutryk
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is 40 years old this year. From its humble beginnings of experimental work, PCI has transitioned over years with coronary artery stenting now a standard medical procedure performed throughout the world. Areas covered: The conversion from plain old balloon angioplasty (POBA) to the present era of drug eluting stents (DES) has been driven by many technological advances and large bodies of clinical trial evidence. The journey to present day practice has seen many setbacks, such as acute vessel closure with POBA; rates of instant restenosis with bare metal stents (BMS) and more recently, high rates of stent thrombosis with bioabsorbable platforms...
January 30, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Xiang-Ji Li, Lin Xie, Fu-Sheng Pan, Yong Wang, Hong Liu, Yu-Rong Tang, Cindy Ml Hutnik
Technological advances in glaucoma have challenged the traditional treatment paradigm. Historically incisional surgery has been used in cases of advanced disease and/or uncontrolled intraocular pressures resistant to medical or laser interventions. More recently, perhaps due to advancements in imaging, surgery has been suggested to be beneficial earlier in the treatment paradigm. Despite these trends, surgical manipulation of the tissues and unpredictability of wound healing continue to result in surgical failure...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Noah B Bander, Matthew D Barnhart, Adam T Watson, Steven J Naber
This study investigated the short-term radiographic healing of the osteotomy following tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA), maintenance of patellar tendon angle (PTA), and complications in dogs receiving a polyglycolic acid (PGA) TTA cage. Patients diagnosed with unilateral cranial cruciate ligament disease requiring a 9- or 12-mm TTA cage were included. Twenty-six consecutive client-owned dogs were prospectively selected for this clinical study. Age, weight, sex, breed, cage size, surgery date, and follow-up time were recorded...
January 26, 2018: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
Daisuke Kaneyuki, Kenji Mogi, Tomoki Sakata, Yoshiharu Takahara
Surgicel® is one of the most commonly used bioabsorbable topical haemostatic agents. Some articles have reported that Surgicel® remnants might be misdiagnosed as an abscess. However, the number of reports in the cardiothoracic surgical field is limited. Herein, we report a 65-year-old woman who was suspected of having mediastinitis on computed tomography after redo-Bentall operation. Reoperation revealed that internal accumulation of Surgicel® remnants mimicked mediastinitis. It is important to share the use and location of Surgicel® with radiologists...
January 19, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
André Boziki Xavier do Carmo, Suelen Cristina Sartoretto, Adriana Terezinha Neves Novellino Alves, José Mauro Granjeiro, Fúlvio Borges Miguel, Jose Calasans-Maia, Monica Diuana Calasans-Maia
This study aimed to evaluate bone repair in rat dental sockets after implanting nanostructured carbonated hydroxyapatite/sodium alginate (CHA) and nanostructured carbonated hydroxyapatite/sodium alginate containing 5% strontium microspheres (SrCHA) as bone substitute materials. Twenty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into two experimental groups: CHA and SrCHA (n=5/period/group). After one and 6 weeks of extraction of the right maxillary central incisor and biomaterial implantation, 5 μm bone blocks were obtained for histomorphometric evaluation...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
Diego A Arroyo, Sara Schukraft, Zacharenia Kallinikou, Jean-Christophe Stauffer, Gérard Baeriswyl, Jean-Jacques Goy, Mario Togni, Stéphane Cook, Serban Puricel
Aims: To compare endothelium-dependent vasomotor function and vascular healing 15 months after implantation of two new-generation drug-eluting stents and biovascular scaffolds (BVS). Methods and results: A total of 28 patients previously treated with a SYNERGY stent (bioabsorbable polymer everolimus-eluting stents (BP-EES)), a PROMUS stent (persistent polymer everolimus-eluting stents (PP-EES)) or an ABSORB (BVS) underwent control coronary angiography, 15 months after implantation, coupled with optical coherence tomography imaging and supine bicycle exercise...
2018: Open Heart
Jason Nogic, Liam M McCormick, Rohin Francis, Nitesh Nerlekar, Catherine Jaworski, Nick E J West, Adam J Brown
The introduction of drug-eluting stents (DES) significantly reduced angiographic restenosis and the clinical need for revascularization following percutaneous coronary intervention. However, concerns remain regarding the long-term safety and efficacy of DES. The use of durable polymers for drug elution that have limited biocompatibility is thought to contribute toward DES failure, by promoting an adverse local inflammatory response and vascular toxicity. Biodegradable polymer and polymer-free metallic stents represent two novel technological solutions to this challenging clinical problem...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
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