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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651646/a-large-scale-behavior-change-intervention-to-prevent-nipah-transmission-in-bangladesh-components-and-costs
#1
Nazmun Nahar, Mohammad Asaduzzaman, Rebeca Sultana, Fernando Garcia, Repon C Paul, Jaynal Abedin, Hossain M S Sazzad, Mahmudur Rahman, Emily S Gurley, Stephen P Luby
BACKGROUND: Nipah virus infection (NiV) is a bat-borne zoonosis transmitted to humans through consumption of NiV-contaminated raw date palm sap in Bangladesh. The objective of this analysis was to measure the cost of an NiV prevention intervention and estimate the cost of scaling it up to districts where spillover had been identified. METHODS: We implemented a behavior change communication intervention in two districts, testing different approaches to reduce the risk of NiV transmission using community mobilization, interpersonal communication, posters and TV public service announcements on local television during the 2012-2014 sap harvesting seasons...
June 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649451/organizational-and-training-factors-that-promote-team-science-a-qualitative-analysis-and-application-of-theory-to-the-national-institutes-of-health-s-bircwh-career-development-program
#2
Jeanne-Marie Guise, Susan Winter, Stephen M Fiore, Judith G Regensteiner, Joan Nagel
INTRODUCTION: Research organizations face challenges in creating infrastructures that cultivates and sustains interdisciplinary team science. The objective of this paper is to identify structural elements of organizations and training that promote team science. METHODS: We qualitatively analyzed the National Institutes of Health's Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women's Health, K12 using organizational psychology and team science theories to identify organizational design factors for successful team science and training...
April 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646782/emotional-dysregulation-in-borderline-personality-disorder-and-its-influence-on-communication-behavior-and-feelings-in-romantic-relationships
#3
Annemarie Miano, Luna Grosselli, Stefan Roepke, Isabel Dziobek
Dysfunction in romantic relationships constitutes one of the most burdensome symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD). The aim of this study was to ascertain how emotional dysregulation affects behavior and relationship related feelings of women with BPD in threatening conversations with their own romantic partner. Thirty couples in which the women were diagnosed with BPD and 34 healthy control (HC) couples were videotaped while discussing personally threatening (i.e., personal failure) and relationship-threatening (i...
June 13, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643113/-safety-culture-in-orthopedics-and-trauma-surgery-course-concept-interpersonal-competence-by-the-german-society-for-orthopaedics-and-trauma-dgou-and-lufthansa-aviation-training
#4
REVIEW
A-K Doepfer, R Seemann, D Merschin, R Stange, M Egerth, M Münzberg, M Mutschler, B Bouillon, R Hoffmann
Patient safety has become a central and measurable key factor in the routine daily medical practice. The human factor plays a decisive role in safety culture and has moved into focus regarding the reduction of treatment errors and undesired critical incidents. Nonetheless, the systematic training in communication and interpersonal competences has so far only played a minor role. The German Society of Orthopaedics and Trauma (DGOU) in cooperation with the Lufthansa Aviation Training initiated a course system for interpersonal competence...
June 22, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634724/darma-software-for-dual-axis-rating-and-media-annotation
#5
Jeffrey M Girard, Aidan G C Wright
Continuous measurement systems provide a means of measuring dynamic behavioral and experiential processes as they play out over time. DARMA is a modernized continuous measurement system that synchronizes media playback and the continuous recording of two-dimensional measurements. These measurements can be observational or self-reported and are provided in real-time through the manipulation of a computer joystick. DARMA also provides tools for reviewing and comparing collected measurements and for customizing various settings...
June 20, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625683/a-developmental-and-clinical-perspective-of-rhythmic-interpersonal-coordination-from-mimicry-toward-the-interconnection-of-minds
#6
Jean Xavier, Julien Magnat, Alain Sherman, Soizic Gauthier, David Cohen, Laurence Chaby
Imitation plays a critical role in the development of intersubjectivity and serves as a prerequisite for understanding the emotions and intentions of others. In our review, we consider spontaneous motor imitation between children and their peers as a developmental process involving repetition and perspective-taking as well as flexibility and reciprocity. During childhood, this playful dynamic challenges developing visuospatial abilities and requires temporal coordination between partners. As such, we address synchrony as form of communication and social signal per se, that leads, from an experience of similarity, to the interconnexion of minds...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Physiology, Paris
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622095/black-and-white-lies-race-based-biases-in-deception-judgments
#7
E Paige Lloyd, Kurt Hugenberg, Allen R McConnell, Jonathan W Kunstman, Jason C Deska
In six studies ( N = 605), participants made deception judgments about videos of Black and White targets who told truths and lies about interpersonal relationships. In Studies 1a, 1b, 1c, and 2, White participants judged that Black targets were telling the truth more often than they judged that White targets were telling the truth. This truth bias was predicted by Whites' motivation to respond without prejudice. For Black participants, however, motives to respond without prejudice did not moderate responses (Study 2)...
June 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622008/sharing-tobacco-and-e-cigarette-information-predicting-its-occurrence-and-valence-among-youth-and-young-adults
#8
Michelle Jeong
While interpersonal communication has been shown to influence smoking-related outcomes, mostly in the context of interventions, there is not much research showing what drives young people to talk about tobacco or e-cigarettes. Additionally, the changing media environment calls for research that expands the scope of what is included as interpersonal communication to include not just conversations but also online forms of communicating information. This study puts forth sharing as such a concept, and examines its prevalence and predictors in the context of tobacco and e-cigarette information...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622003/the-effect-of-campaign-generated-interpersonal-communication-on-campaign-targeted-health-outcomes-a-meta-analysis
#9
Michelle Jeong, Rosie Eungyuhl Bae
This study examined the effect of mass media campaign-generated conversations on campaign-targeted health outcomes, via a systematic meta-analysis of 28 studies (including 124 sub-studies and a total of 138,898 participants). The study also conducted a series of moderation analyses to examine the conditions under which interpersonal communication has larger effects on bringing about the desired outcomes. The findings of this meta-analysis indicate that campaign-generated conversations have a positive effect on inducing campaign-targeted outcomes (OR = 1...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619652/frontal-temporal-and-parietal-systems-synchronize-within-and-across-brains-during-live-eye-to-eye-contact
#10
Joy Hirsch, Xian Zhang, J Adam Noah, Yumie Ono
Human eye-to-eye contact is a primary source of social cues and communication. In spite of the biological significance of this interpersonal interaction, the underlying neural processes are not well-understood. This knowledge gap, in part, reflects limitations of conventional neuroimaging methods, including solitary confinement in the bore of a scanner and minimal tolerance of head movement that constrain investigations of natural, two-person interactions. However, these limitations are substantially resolved by recent technical developments in functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), a non-invasive spectral absorbance technique that detects changes in blood oxygen levels in the brain by using surface-mounted optical sensors...
June 12, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619038/the-experiences-of-women-with-maternal-near-miss-and-their-perception-of-quality-of-care-in-kelantan-malaysia-a-qualitative-study
#11
Mohd Noor Norhayati, Nik Hussain Nik Hazlina, Ab Razak Asrenee, Zaharah Sulaiman
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality has been the main way of ascertaining the outcome of maternal and obstetric care. However, maternal morbidities occur more frequently than maternal deaths; therefore, maternal near miss was suggested as a more useful indicator for the evaluation and improvement of maternal health services. Our study aimed to explore the experiences of women with maternal near miss and their perception of the quality of care in Kelantan, Malaysia. METHODS: A qualitative phenomenological approach with in-depth interview method was conducted in two tertiary hospitals in Kelantan, Malaysia...
June 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616875/stakeholders-qualitative-perspectives-of-effective-telepractice-pedagogy-in-speech-language-pathology
#12
Megan S Overby
BACKGROUND: Academic programmes in speech-language pathology are increasingly providing telehealth/telepractice clinical education to students. Despite this growth, there is little information describing effective ways to teach it. AIMS: The current exploratory study analyzed the perceptions of speech-language pathology/therapy (SLP/SLT) faculty, student and SLP/SLT clinicians to ascertain effective pedagogical approaches for telepractice service delivery, rank the relative importance of telepractice skills and knowledge competencies, and define any pedagogical challenges to teaching them...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616126/autistic-traits-affect-interpersonal-motor-coordination-by-modulating-strategic-use-of-role-based-behavior
#13
Arianna Curioni, Ilaria Minio-Paluello, Lucia Maria Sacheli, Matteo Candidi, Salvatore Maria Aglioti
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that deficits in social communication and interaction are at the core of Autism Spectrum Conditions (ASC), no study has yet tested individuals on a continuum from neurotypical development to autism in an on-line, cooperative, joint action task. In our study, we aimed to assess whether the degree of autistic traits affects participants' ability to modulate their motor behavior while interacting in a Joint Grasping task and according to their given role. METHODS: Sixteen pairs of adult participants played a cooperative social interactive game in which they had to synchronize their reach-to-grasp movements...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614413/perceived-differences-in-social-status-between-speaker-and-listener-affect-the-speaker-s-vocal-characteristics
#14
Juan David Leongómez, Viktoria R Mileva, Anthony C Little, S Craig Roberts
Non-verbal behaviours, including voice characteristics during speech, are an important way to communicate social status. Research suggests that individuals can obtain high social status through dominance (using force and intimidation) or through prestige (by being knowledgeable and skilful). However, little is known regarding differences in the vocal behaviour of men and women in response to dominant and prestigious individuals. Here, we tested within-subject differences in vocal parameters of interviewees during simulated job interviews with dominant, prestigious, and neutral employers (targets), while responding to questions which were classified as introductory, personal, and interpersonal...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613994/supporting-family-members-to-view-the-body-after-a-violent-or-sudden-death-a-role-for-social-work
#15
Jane Mowll
Supporting family members to view the body of their relative after a traumatic death is a critical role for social workers in hospital and morgue settings; however, this role has had little attention in the literature. In-depth interviews with 48 bereaved family members explored their experiences of helpful and unhelpful aspects of support when viewing the body of their deceased relative. A central theme of "support as a relational interaction" was identified. Aspects of the connection and communication valued by participants within this relational interaction included: "permissions and possibilities," "information and preparation," "presenting with care," "time and timing," and "tuning to family...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Social Work in End-of-life & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601368/quality-and-content-of-patient-provider-communication-about-contraception-differences-by-race-ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-status
#16
Christine Dehlendorf, Nora Anderson, Eric Vittinghoff, Kevin Grumbach, Kira Levy, Jody Steinauer
INTRODUCTION: Research in family planning has shown that contraceptive counseling has an influence on women's family planning outcomes, but also that women are often dissatisfied with the counseling they receive. Little is known about how contraceptive counseling is conducted in the United States. We describe both the content and interpersonal quality of provider communication during family planning visits, as well as assess whether disparities in counseling exist by patient race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status...
June 7, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597090/ethnic-and-gender-differences-in-preferred-activities-among-m%C3%A4-ori-and-non-m%C3%A4-ori-of-advanced-age-in-new-zealand
#17
Valerie A Wright-St Clair, Angela Rapson, Mere Kepa, Martin Connolly, Sally Keeling, Anna Rolleston, Ruth Teh, Joanna B Broad, Lorna Dyall, Santosh Jatrana, Janine Wiles, Avinesh Pillai, Nick Garrett, Ngaire Kerse
This study explored active aging for older Māori and non-Māori by examining their self-nominated important everyday activities. The project formed part of the first wave of a longitudinal cohort study of aging well in New Zealand. Māori aged 80 to 90 and non-Māori aged 85 were recruited. Of the 937 participants enrolled, 649 answered an open question about their three most important activities. Responses were coded under the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), Activities and Participation domains...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593721/nurse-patient-communication-within-the-context-of-non-sedated-mechanical-ventilation-a-hermeneutic-phenomenological-study
#18
A Holm, P Dreyer
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore non-sedated mechanically ventilated patients' communication with nurses in the intensive care unit. BACKGROUND: Mechanically ventilated patients are temporarily voiceless, making interpersonal communication complex. Both nurses and patients find communication challenging and may experience negative emotions when communication fails. In Nordic countries, sedation protocols have changed to light/non-sedation, resulting in more patients being conscious and more clinical practitioners experiencing communication difficulties...
June 7, 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585902/negotiating-between-individual-and-joint-goals-in-ensemble-musical-performance
#19
Jennifer MacRitchie, Steffen A Herff, Andrea Procopio, Peter E Keller
Successful joint action requires negotiation, especially in the event of goal incongruence. This paper addresses goal incongruence in joint musical performance by manipulating the congruence of score instructions (congruent/incongruent) regarding tempo (speed) and dynamics (sound intensity) given to piano duos. The aim is to investigate how co-performers negotiate incongruent instructions for tempo and dynamics by balancing the prioritisation of individual goals versus the joint outcome, and how this negotiation is modulated by musical expertise and personality (locus of control)...
June 6, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585073/exploring-the-social-needs-and-challenges-of-chinese-american-immigrant-breast-cancer-survivors-a-qualitative-study-using-an-expressive-writing-approach
#20
Krystal Warmoth, Bernice Cheung, Jin You, Nelson C Y Yeung, Qian Lu
PURPOSE: Little is known about the psychological well-being and social barriers among immigrant Chinese American breast cancer survivors. The aim of the present study was to explore the social needs and challenges of Chinese American immigrant breast cancer survivors. METHOD: This study used the expressive writing approach to explore the experiences among 27 Chinese American breast cancer survivors. The participants were recruited through community-based organizations in Southern California, most of whom were diagnosed at stages I and II (33 and 48%, respectively)...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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