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Interpersonal communications

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351005/an-integrated-operational-definition-and-conceptual-model-of-asthma-self-management-in-teens
#1
Jennifer Mammen, Hyekyun Rhee, Sally A Norton, Arlene M Butz, Jill S Halterman, Kimberly Arcoleo
OBJECTIVES: A previous definition of adolescent asthma self-management was derived from interviews with clinicians/researchers and published literature; however, it did not incorporate perspectives of teens or parents. Therefore, we conducted in-depth interviews with teens and parents and synthesized present findings with the prior analysis to develop a more encompassing definition and model. METHODS: Focal concepts were qualitatively extracted from 14-day self-management voice-diaries (n = 14) and 1-hour interviews (n = 42) with teens and parents (28 individuals) along with concepts found in the previous clinical/research oriented analysis...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346616/racial-differences-in-family-health-history-knowledge-of-type-2-diabetes-exploring-the-role-of-interpersonal-mechanisms
#2
Jielu Lin, Christopher S Marcum, Melanie F Myers, Laura M Koehly
Collecting complete and accurate family health history is critical to preventing type 2 diabetes. Whether there are any racial difference in family health history knowledge of type 2 diabetes and whether such differences are related to interpersonal mechanisms remain unclear. We seek to identify the interpersonal mechanisms that give rise to discrepancies in family health history knowledge of type 2 diabetes in families of different racial backgrounds. We analyze informant-dyad consensus with respect to shared family history of type 2 diabetes in 127 informants of 45 families in the greater Cincinnati area (white: 28 families, 78 informants; black/African-American: 17 families, 49 informants)...
January 16, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345224/therapy-interventions-for-children-with-neurodisabilities-a-qualitative-scoping-study
#3
Bryony Beresford, Susan Clarke, Jane Maddison
BACKGROUND: Therapy interventions emerged four times in the top 10 research priorities in a James Lind Alliance research prioritisation exercise for children with neurodisabilities (Morris C, Simkiss D, Busk M, Morris M, Allard A, Denness J, et al. Setting research priorities to improve the health of children and young people with neurodisability: a British Academy of Childhood Disability-James Lind Alliance Research Priority Setting Partnership. BMJ Open 2015;5:e006233). The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) commissioned this study as part of an information-gathering exercise in response to this...
January 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344773/beyond-content-cultural-perspectives-on-using-the-internet-to-deliver-a-sexual-health-intervention-to-american-indian-youth
#4
Kirsten J Black, Bradley Morse, Nicole Tuitt, CeCe Big Crow, Carly Shangreau, Carol E Kaufman
American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) youth are characterized by high rates of pregnancy and risky sexual behavior. Reaching these youth with culturally appropriate interventions is difficult due to geographic dispersion and cultural isolation. Online interventions can provide opportunities for reaching and engaging AIAN youth. However, electronic interventions are also impersonal and this can be culturally incongruous for AIANs and other populations for whom traditional ceremonies, practices and patterns of interpersonal communication are central...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344390/job-related-stress-in-psychiatric-assistant-nurses
#5
Hironori Yada, Hiroshi Abe, Hisamitsu Omori, Yasushi Ishida, Takahiko Katoh
Aim: We aimed to clarify how stress among psychiatric assistant nurses (PANs) differed from Registered Nurses (PRNs). Design: Cross-sectional survey study was conducted with PRNs and PANs working in six psychiatric hospitals in Japan. Methods: The Psychiatric Nurse Job Stressor Scale (PNJSS) and the job stressor and stress reaction subscales of the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire measured stress in 68 PANs and 140 PRNs. The results were statistically analysed...
January 2018: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334045/development-of-a-patient-experience-questionnaire-to-improve-lifestyle-services-in-primary-care
#6
Paula Brauer, Dawna Royall, Anneli Kaethler, Alexandra Mayhew, Maya Israeloff-Smith
Aim We developed a self-report tool to assess patients' experiences with lifestyle services in team-based primary care and pilot tested the questionnaire as part of a lifestyle intervention study to reverse metabolic syndrome. BACKGROUND: Older client satisfaction questionnaires have been generally inadequate for quality improvement purposes, as they have been focused mainly on interpersonal skills of providers and/or in the context of one disease. New approaches to assessing the patient experience of lifestyle programs in primary care are needed and could inform quality improvement efforts over time...
January 15, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331878/how-shared-reality-is-created-in-interpersonal-communication
#7
REVIEW
Gerald Echterhoff, Bjarne Schmalbach
Communication is a key arena and means for shared-reality creation. Most studies explicitly devoted to shared reality have focused on the opening part of a conversation, that is, a speaker's initial message to an audience. The aspect of communication examined by this research is the evaluative adaptation (tuning) of the messages to the audience's attitude or judgment. The speaker's shared-reality creation is typically assessed by the extent to which the speaker's evaluative representation of the topic matches the audience-tuned view expressed in the message...
December 29, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325914/micro-cultural-customization-of-organ-donation-propagation-messages
#8
Anke Dunkel, Kent Nakamoto, Peter J Schulz
OBJECTIVE: Organ transplantation is plagued by limited availability of organs. This study investigated the effect of messages promoting organ donation which were customized according to the language-defined micro-cultures in Switzerland. METHODS: Community-, informative-, and emotional-oriented messages were carried by conventional flyers. A 3 × 3 between-subjects experiment was conducted with short- and long-term willingness to donate, long-term signing of organ donation card and long-term interpersonal communication on organ donation as outcome variables...
December 29, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319743/nursing-care-interpersonal-relationship-questionnaire-elaboration-and-validation
#9
José Wicto Pereira Borges, Thereza Maria Magalhães Moreira, Dalton Franscisco de Andrade
OBJECTIVE: to elaborate an instrument for the measurement of the interpersonal relationship in nursing care through the Item Response Theory, and the validation thereof. METHOD: methodological study, which followed the three poles of psychometry: theoretical, empirical and analytical. The Nursing Care Interpersonal Relationship Questionnaire was developed in light of the Imogene King's Interpersonal Conceptual Model and the psychometric properties were studied through the Item Response Theory in a sample of 950 patients attended in Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Health Care...
January 8, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313458/clinician-perspectives-on-strategies-to-improve-patient-maternal-immunization-acceptability-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-practice-settings
#10
Paula M Frew, Laura A Randall, Fauzia Malik, Rupali Lamaye, Andrew Wilson, Sean T O'Leary, Daniel Salmon, Meghan Donnelly, Kevin Ault, Matthew Z Dudley, Vincent L Fenimore, Saad B Omer
Pregnancy is an ideal time to communicate with women about vaccines for themselves and their infants, yet maternal immunization rates remain suboptimal. This study aimed to identify clinic, provider, and staff-related attributes and facilitators to be utilized for a comprehensive vaccine intervention in ob-gyn clinical settings. We conducted in-depth interviews with 24 providers, both healthcare providers (e.g., physicians, nurse practitioners, midwives) and practice managers, from urban and suburban ob-gyn practices in Georgia and Colorado about their immunization attitudes, practices, and patient experiences...
January 9, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306751/simulated-patient-training-using-inter-rater-reliability-to-evaluate-simulated-patient-consistency-in-nursing-education
#11
Sharon MacLean, Fiona Geddes, Michelle Kelly, Phillip Della
BACKGROUND: Simulated patients (SPs) are frequently used for training nursing students in communication skills. An acknowledged benefit of using SPs is the opportunity to provide a standardized approach by which participants can demonstrate and develop communication skills. However, relatively little evidence is available on how to best facilitate and evaluate the reliability and accuracy of SPs' performances. AIM: The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of an evidenced based SP training framework to ensure standardization of SPs...
December 29, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305062/from-facts-to-arguments-a-study-of-the-2014-swiss-controversy-over-systematic-mammography-screening
#12
Caroline Perrenoud, Friedrich Stiefel, Céline Bourquin
OBJECTIVE: The Swiss Medical Board (SMB) has recently revived the controversy over mammography screening by recommending to stop the introduction of new systematic mammography screening programs. This study aimed to examine the Swiss media coverage of the release of the SMB report. METHODS: The dataset consisted of 25 newspaper and "medical magazine" articles, and TV/radio interviews. The analytic approach was based on argumentation theory. RESULTS: Authority and community arguments were the most frequent types of arguments...
December 29, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304742/key-attributes-of-patient-centered-medical-homes-associated-with-patient-activation-of-diabetes-patients
#13
Lori A Bilello, Allyson Hall, Jeffrey Harman, Christopher Scuderi, Nipa Shah, Jon C Mills, Shenae Samuels
BACKGROUND: Approximately 24 million Americans are living with diabetes. Patient activation among individuals with diabetes is critical to successful diabetes management. The Patient Centered Medical Home (PCMH) model holds promise for increasing patient activation in managing their health. However, what is not well understood is the extent to which individual components of the PCMH model, such as the quality of physician-patient interactions and organizational features of care, contribute to patient activation...
January 5, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297763/communication-accommodation-in-text-messages-exploring-liking-power-and-sex-as-predictors-of-textisms
#14
Aubrie Adams, Jai Miles, Norah E Dunbar, Howard Giles
This mixed-methods study applies Communication Accommodation Theory to explore how liking, power, and sex predict one's likelihood for using textisms in digital interpersonal interactions. Textisms are digital cues that convey nonverbal meaning and emotion in text communication. The main experiment used a hypothetical texting scenario to manipulate textism amounts (none/many) and participant's perceived power levels (low/equal/high) during texting interactions to examine the number of textisms participants used in subsequent responses in comparison to the number of textisms they viewed...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297594/the-impact-of-undergraduate-occupational-therapy-students-interpersonal-skills-on-their-practice-education-performance-a-pilot-study
#15
Mong-Lin Yu, Ted Brown, Carolynne White, Celia Marston, Laura Thyer
BACKGROUND/AIM: Interpersonal skills such as active listening, verbal communication and body language are essential competencies for occupational therapists, and students are expected to demonstrate these skills when completing practice placements. To investigate whether interpersonal skills are predictive of occupational therapy students' practice performance. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving third and fourth year occupational therapy undergraduate students (n = 70)...
January 3, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284303/-i-am-free-in-my-wheelchair-but-pain-does-have-a-say-in-it-though-the-meaning-and-experience-of-quality-of-life-when-living-with-paraplegia-and-chronic-pain
#16
Melanie Hughes, Amy E Burton, Robert C Dempsey
This study investigated how wheelchair-using individuals with paraplegia and chronic pain make sense of the factors associated with quality of life based on interviews using photo-elicitation and interpretative phenomenological analysis. Three superordinate themes emerged in the analysis: experiencing quality of life through the perception of self and identity, interpersonal relationships as facilitators and barriers to quality of life and life in a wheelchair: pain experience and management. Quality of life for those living with paraplegia and chronic pain is experienced as a complex interaction across several life domains...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277106/factors-associated-with-parents-levels-of-stress-in-pediatric-wards
#17
Spyridoula Tsironi, George Koulierakis
Hospitalization of a child is a stressful experience, increasing parents' anxiety and deteriorating their satisfaction with the health-care services. This study aimed to assess the level of stress that parents of hospitalized children experienced and evaluate the association of parent's stress and satisfaction and identify its predictors. Three hundred and fifty-two parents whose children were hospitalized in two pediatric hospitals were enrolled in the study, from February 2015 to April 2015. The Perceived Stress Scale was used to estimate parental stress and the Pyramid Questionnaire was used for assessing parents' overall satisfaction with care...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276846/parents-experiences-of-health-services-for-the-treatment-of-eating-disorders-a-qualitative-study
#18
Siobhain McArdle
BACKGROUND: The importance of involving parents in the treatment of eating disorders is widely recognised, however despite this, very little research has explored parents' perspectives of services. AIMS: This study aimed to explore parents' experiences following contact with services for the treatment of their child's eating disorder. METHODS: Employing qualitative methodology, 15 parents who had experience of health care services for the treatment of their daughter's eating disorder participated in either focus group or individual semi-structured interviews...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261430/investigating-the-effects-of-mass-media-exposure-on-the-uptake-of-preventive-measures-by-hong-kong-residents-during-the-2015-mers-outbreak-the-mediating-role-of-interpersonal-communication-and-the-perception-of-concern
#19
Ramona Ludolph, Peter J Schulz, Ling Chen
In 2015, South Korea experienced the largest outbreak to date of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) outside the Middle East. Fears related to a potential spread of the disease led to an increased alert level as well as heightened media coverage in the neighboring Hong Kong. A cross-sectional survey (N = 533) among residents of Hong Kong was conducted to assess the relationships between the effects of outbreak-related mass media coverage, interpersonal communication, the perceived level of concern in one's close environment, and the uptake of preventive measures...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258347/interpersonal-communication-in-response-to-an-intervention-and-its-impact-on-smoking-cessation-within-a-low-income-population
#20
Michael J Parks, Soyoon Kim
BACKGROUND: It is a priority to develop population-based strategies for reducing barriers to smoking cessation among low-income populations. Harnessing secondary transmission such as interpersonal communication (IC) has helped to reduce tobacco use, but there is a dearth of quasi-experimental research that examines IC and the full spectrum of smoking cessation behaviors, particularly in the context of population-level programs. AIMS: Using quasi-experimental methods, we examined IC in response to a population-level intervention and its impact on the full spectrum of smoking cessation outcomes among low-income smokers...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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