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Interpersonal communications

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804466/interpersonal-movement-synchrony-responds-to-high-and-low-level-conversational-constraints
#1
Alexandra Paxton, Rick Dale
Much work on communication and joint action conceptualizes interaction as a dynamical system. Under this view, dynamic properties of interaction should be shaped by the context in which the interaction is taking place. Here we explore interpersonal movement coordination or synchrony-the degree to which individuals move in similar ways over time-as one such context-sensitive property. Studies of coordination have typically investigated how these dynamics are influenced by either high-level constraints (i.e., slow-changing factors) or low-level constraints (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789645/student-preparedness-characteristics-important-for-clinical-learning-perspectives-of-supervisors-from-medicine-pharmacy-and-nursing
#2
Hasini Banneheke, Vishna Devi Nadarajah, Srinivasan Ramamurthy, Afshan Sumera, Sneha Ravindranath, Kamalan Jeevaratnam, Benny Efendie, Leela Chellamuthu, Purushotham Krishnappa, Ray Peterson
BACKGROUND: Student perspectives of clinical preparedness have been studied in the literature, but the viewpoint of supervisors is limited. Hence, the aim was to examine the perspective of supervisors on the characteristics of health professional students important for preparedness for clinical learning. METHODS: This was a descriptive, questionnaire-based, cross-sectional study conducted at three higher education institutions in Malaysia. A previously published questionnaire with 62 characteristics was adopted with modifications after pre-testing...
August 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779910/informed-and-patient-centered-decision-making-in-the-primary-care-visits-of-african-americans-with-depression
#3
Anika L Hines, Debra Roter, Bri K Ghods Dinoso, Kathryn A Carson, Gail L Daumit, Lisa A Cooper
OBJECTIVE: We examined the prevalence and extent of informed decision-making (IDM) and patient-centered decision-making (PCDM) in primary care visits of African Americans with depression. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of audiotaped clinical encounters and post-visit surveys of 76 patients and their clinicians. We used RIAS to characterize patient-centeredness of visit dialogue. IDM entailed discussion of 3 components: the nature of the decision, alternatives, and pros/cons...
July 25, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771842/challenges-in-interprofessional-collaboration-experiences-of-care-providers-and-policymakers-in-a-newly-set-up-dutch-assault-centre
#4
Elza Zijlstra, Sylvie Lo Fo Wong, Anne Teerling, Giel Hutschemaekers, Antoine Lagro-Janssen
BACKGROUND: Sexual and family violence are problems that affect many women and men, and the negative health consequences of violence are numerous. As adequate acute interprofessional care can prevent negative health consequences and improve forensic medical examination, a Centre for Sexual and Family Violence was set up. AIM: We aimed to improve our understanding of the challenges in interprofessional collaboration in a newly set-up centre for sexual and family violence...
August 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771555/neonates-responses-to-repeated-exposure-to-a-still-face
#5
Emese Nagy, Karen Pilling, Rachel Watt, Attila Pal, Hajnalka Orvos
AIM: The main aims of the study were to examine whether human neonates' responses to communication disturbance modelled by the still-face paradigm were stable and whether their responses were affected by their previous experience with the still-face paradigm. METHODS: The still face procedure, as a laboratory model of interpersonal stress, was administered repeatedly, twice, to 84 neonates (0 to 4 day olds), with a delay of an average of 1.25 day. RESULTS: Frame-by-frame analysis of the frequency and duration of gaze, distressed face, crying, sleeping and sucking behaviours showed that the procedure was stressful to them both times, that is, the still face effect was stable after repeated administration and newborns consistently responded to such nonverbal violation of communication...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769597/prediction-of-employer-employee-relationships-from-sociodemographic-variables-and-social-values-in-brunei-public-and-private-sector-workers
#6
Lawrence Mundia, Salwa Mahalle, Rohani Matzin, Gamal Abdul Nasir Zakaria, Nor Zaiham Midawati Abdullah, Siti Norhedayah Abdul Latif
The purpose of the study was to identify the sociodemographic variables and social value correlates and predictors of employer-employee relationship problems in a random sample of 860 Brunei public and private sector workers of both genders. A quantitative field survey design was used and data were analyzed by correlation and logistic regression. The rationale and justification for using this approach is explained. The main sociodemographic correlates and predictors of employer-employee relationship problems in this study were educational level and the district in which the employee resided and worked...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764994/alexithymia-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#7
REVIEW
Moussa A Chalah, Samar S Ayache
BACKGROUND: Alexithymia is a multidimensional personality construct characterized by difficulties identifying and describing one's feelings, and externally oriented thinking. Although extensively reported in psychiatric patients, little attention has been paid regarding its occurrence and its pathophysiology in the context of multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: A research was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines aiming to identify original research articles in English and French languages about alexithymia in MS...
July 29, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764199/evaluation-of-competencies-related-to-personal-attributes-of-resident-doctors-by-360-degree
#8
Harsha Jani, Wasea Narmawala, Jaishree Ganjawale
INTRODUCTION: Postgraduate teaching involves training the residents in all spheres including professionalism, communication and interpersonal skills in addition to the basic clinical skills. Therefore, 360 degree evaluation has gained focus due to increased standards of medical care as shown in this study. AIM: To evaluate interpersonal and communication skills and professionalism in residents doctors using 360 degree evaluation method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was a descriptive study conducted at a tertiary care hospital affiliated with a medical college...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759626/glutamate-gaba-ratio-is-associated-with-the-psychosocial-domain-of-autistic-and-schizotypal-traits
#9
Talitha C Ford, Richard Nibbs, David P Crewther
BACKGROUND: The autism and schizophrenia spectra overlap to a large degree in the social and interpersonal domains. Similarly, abnormal excitatory glutamate and inhibitory γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurotransmitter concentrations have been reported for both spectra, with the interplay of these neurotransmitters important for cortical excitation to inhibition regulation. This study investigates whether these neurotransmitter abnormalities are specific to the shared symptomatology, and whether the degree of abnormality increases with increasing symptom severity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759320/a-cross-comparative-survey-of-information-seeking-and-scanning-about-drug-related-sources-and-topics-among-u-s-and-israeli-college-students
#10
Ying Cheng, Jisoo Ahn, Nehama Lewis, Lourdes S Martinez
There is an increasing amount of drug-related information that is easily accessible from media and interpersonal sources. Recent research shows significant positive associations between information acquisition and nonmedical drug use intentions among college students. This study examines information about amphetamines and marijuana that was actively searched ("seeking") as well as information that was encountered during routine media use ("scanning"). Data are drawn from a cross-national comparative survey of college students in the United States (N = 734) and in Israel (N = 800)...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756788/what-is-good-communication-for-people-living-with-dementia-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review
#11
Sarah Alsawy, Warren Mansell, Phil McEvoy, Sara Tai
BACKGROUND: Many strategies have been recommended to support caregivers in communicating with people who live with dementia. However, less is known about what makes communication a good and meaningful experience from the perspective of people with dementia. Understanding this may enhance the person with dementia's sense of connectedness, strengthen their relationships, and facilitate person-centered care. The current review aimed to evaluate research that examined experiences of communication in people living with dementia...
July 31, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755568/what-patients-think-about-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-in-buenos-aires-argentina-a-qualitative-approach
#12
Mercedes Sarudiansky, Alejandra Inés Lanzillotti, María Marta Areco Pico, Cristina Tenreyro, Laura Scévola, Silvia Kochen, Luciana D'Alessio, Guido Pablo Korman
PURPOSE: To analyse the methods of reasoning with regard to patients' experiences of living with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) in Buenos Aires, Argentina. METHOD: A qualitative approach using semi-structured interviews was used to gain an in-depth and contextual understanding of the perspectives of five patients with PNES. Data collection and analysis were followed by an inductive and interpretive approach informed by the principles of thematic analysis...
July 20, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747207/lessons-learnt-from-the-magnet-malawian-german-hospital-partnership-the-german-perspective-on-contributions-to-patient-care-and-capacity-development
#13
Florian Neuhann, Sandra Barteit
BACKGROUND: Malawi is a low-income country with one of the highest HIV prevalence rates worldwide (Kendig et al., Trop Med Health 41:163-170, 2013). The health system depends largely on external funding. Official German development aid has supported health care in Malawi for many years (German Embassy Lilongwe, The German Development Cooperation in Malawi), including placing medical doctors in various departments of the Kamuzu Central Hospital (KCH) in Lilongwe. In 2008, a hospital partnership called MAGNET (Malawi German Networking for Capacity Building in Treatment, Training and Research at KCH) evolved as part of the German ESTHER network...
July 26, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746656/mortality-due-to-noncommunicable-diseases-in-brazil-1990-to-2015-according-to-estimates-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study
#14
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Elisabeth França, Daisy Maria Xavier Abreu, Rosângela Durso Perillo, Maíra Coube Salmen, Renato Azeredo Teixeira, Valeria Passos, Maria de Fátima Marinho Souza, Meghan Mooney, Mohsen Naghavi
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading health problem globally and generate high numbers of premature deaths and loss of quality of life. The aim here was to describe the major groups of causes of death due to NCDs and the ranking of the leading causes of premature death between 1990 and 2015, according to the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study estimates for Brazil. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study covering Brazil and its 27 federal states...
May 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742380/the-role-of-radiology-in-the-diagnostic-process-information-communication-and-teamwork
#15
David B Larson, Curtis P Langlotz
OBJECTIVE: The diagnostic radiology process represents a partnership between clinical and radiology teams. As such, breakdowns in interpersonal interactions and communication can result in patient harm. CONCLUSION: We explore the role of radiology in the diagnostic process, focusing on key concepts of information and communication, as well as key interpersonal interactions of teamwork, collaboration, and collegiality, all based on trust. We propose 10 principles to facilitate effective information flow in the diagnostic process...
July 25, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741446/uncovering-the-unknown-a-grounded-theory-study-exploring-the-impact-of-self-awareness-on-the-culture-of-feedback-in-residency-education
#16
Subha Ramani, Karen Könings, Karen V Mann, Cees van der Vleuten
AIM: Self-assessment and reflection are essential for meaningful feedback. We aimed to explore whether the well-known Johari window model of self-awareness could guide feedback conversations between faculty and residents and enhance the institutional feedback culture. METHODS: We had previously explored perceptions of residents and faculty regarding sociocultural factors impacting feedback. We re-analyzed data targeting themes related to self-assessment, reflection, feedback seeking and acceptance, aiming to generate individual and institutional feedback strategies applicable to each quadrant of the window...
July 25, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740366/the-mediatory-role-of-medication-adherence-in-improving-patients-medication-experience-through-patient-physician-communication-among-older-hypertensive-patients
#17
Woojung Lee, Youran Noh, Hyeonjin Kang, Song Hee Hong
BACKGROUND: Understanding how patient-physician communication affects patients' medication experience would help hypertensive patients maintain their regular long-term medication therapy. This study aimed to examine whether patient-physician communication (information and interpersonal treatment) affects patients' medication experience directly or indirectly through changing medication adherence for each of the two communication domains. METHODS: A self-administered cross-sectional survey was conducted for older patients who had visited a community senior center as a member...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739559/nurse-moderated-internet-based-support-for-new-mothers-non-inferiority-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Michael G Sawyer, Christy E Reece, Kerrie Bowering, Debra Jeffs, Alyssa C P Sawyer, Murthy Mittinty, John W Lynch
BACKGROUND: Internet-based interventions moderated by community nurses have the potential to improve support offered to new mothers, many of whom now make extensive use of the Internet to obtain information about infant care. However, evidence from population-based randomized controlled trials is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the non-inferiority of outcomes for mothers and infants who received a clinic-based postnatal health check plus nurse-moderated, Internet-based group support when infants were aged 1-7 months as compared with outcomes for those who received standard care consisting of postnatal home-based support provided by a community nurse...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734557/-conversational-advice-a-mixed-methods-analysis-of-medical-residents-experiences-co-managing-primary-care-patients-with-behavioral-health-providers
#19
Patrick Hemming, R B Levine, Joseph J Gallo
OBJECTIVE: When integrated behavioral health clinicians (IBHCs) and residents co-manage patients, residents may learn new approaches. We aimed to understand the effect of co-management on residents' behavioral health (BH) management learning. METHODS: Residents completed a web-based survey enquiring: whether co-management included a shared visit and/or face-to-face meeting with an IBHC, whether residents received feedback from the IBHC, and what they learned. Qualitative responses were coded thematically using a constant comparative method...
July 14, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729324/access-and-quality-of-maternity-care-for-disabled-women-during-pregnancy-birth-and-the-postnatal-period-in-england-data-from-a-national-survey
#20
Reem Malouf, Jane Henderson, Maggie Redshaw
OBJECTIVES: More disabled women are becoming mothers, and yet, their care is rarely the focus of quantitative research. This study aimed to investigate access and quality of maternity care for women with differing disabilities. DESIGN: Secondary analysis was conducted on data from a 2015 national survey of women's experience of maternity care. Descriptive and adjusted analyses were undertaken for five disability groups: physical disability, sensory impairment, mental health disability, learning disability and multiple disability, and comparisons were made with the responses of non-disabled women...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
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