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Interpersonal communications

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214963/investigating-the-potential-impact-of-social-talk-on-prevention-through-social-networks-the-relationships-between-social-talk-and-refusal-self-efficacy-and-norms
#1
Hye Jeong Choi, Michael Hecht, Rachel A Smith
Interpersonal communication among participants plays an important role in the impact and effectiveness of prevention programs (Southwell & Yzer, Communication Theory 19:1-8, 2009). This study focused on adolescents' informal conversations about a prevention program, referred to as social talk, from a social network perspective. We provide both a conceptualization of social talk in relation to prevention programs and an operationalization of it by examining adolescents' social networks. Participants (N = 185) were eighth-grade students attending a middle school substance-abuse prevention program called keepin' it REAL (kiR)...
February 18, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211618/a-comparison-between-lynch-syndrome-and-sporadic-colorectal-cancer-survivors-satisfaction-with-their-healthcare-providers
#2
Allison M Burton-Chase, Wendy M Parker, Katrina M Polivka, Ellen R Gritz, Christopher I Amos, Karen H Lu, Patrick M Lynch, Miguel A Rodriguez-Bigas, Y Nancy You, Susan K Peterson
This study evaluated provider satisfaction in a sample of colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors with and without Lynch syndrome (LS). Participants were case-case-matched CRC survivors with (n = 75) or without (n = 75) LS (mean age of 55; range: 27-93). Participants completed a mailed questionnaire assessing demographics, clinical characteristics, healthcare utilization, psychosocial variables, and provider satisfaction. LS CRC survivors reported lower provider satisfaction scores on three subscales of the Primary Care Assessment Survey: communication (78...
February 17, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211001/content-analysis-of-resident-evaluations-of-faculty-anesthesiologists-supervision-encompasses-some-attributes-of-the-professionalism-core-competency
#3
Franklin Dexter, Debra Szeluga, Bradley J Hindman
BACKGROUND: Anesthesiology departments need an instrument with which to assess practicing anesthesiologists' professionalism. The purpose of this retrospective analysis of the content of a cohort of resident evaluations of faculty anesthesiologists was to investigate the relationship between a clinical supervision scale and the multiple attributes of professionalism. METHODS: From July 1, 2013 to the present, our department has utilized the de Oliveira Filho unidimensional nine-item supervision scale to assess the quality of clinical supervision of residents provided by our anesthesiologists...
February 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206834/study-of-the-levels-of-human-human-and-human-animal-empathy-in-veterinary-medical-students-from-chile
#4
Javiera Calderón-Amor, Daniela Luna-Fernández, Tamara Tadich
Social relationships are based on our ability to put ourselves in the place of others, and from there to react appropriately and logically. This empathic ability can be extended to other species, based on the human ability to develop techniques to understand and communicate with animals. In education, the benefits of training professionals with ethical and empathic tools are known. Gender, diet, past experiences, and other factors can modify a person's levels of empathy toward humans and animals, and a relationship exists between both types of empathy...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199860/a-qualitative-study-of-factors-impacting-accessing-of-institutional-delivery-care-in-the-context-of-india-s-cash-incentive-program
#5
Sukumar Vellakkal, Hanimi Reddy, Adyya Gupta, Anil Chandran, Jasmine Fledderjohann, David Stuckler
Not all eligible women use the available services under India's Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), which provides cash incentives to encourage pregnant women to use institutional care for childbirth; limited evidence exists on demand-side factors associated with low program uptake. This study explores the views of women and ASHAs (community health workers) on the use of the JSY and institutional delivery care facilities. In-depth qualitative interviews, carried out in September-November 2013, were completed in the local language by trained interviewers with 112 participants consisting of JSY users/non-users and ASHAs in Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh...
February 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198099/the-role-of-trust-in-centeringpregnancy-building-interpersonal-trust-relationships-in-group-based-prenatal-care-in-the-netherlands
#6
Liselotte Kweekel, Trudie Gerrits, Marlies Rijnders, Patrick Brown
BACKGROUND: CenteringPregnancy (CP) is a specific model of group-based prenatal care for women, implemented in 44 midwifery practices in The Netherlands since 2011. Women have evaluated CP positively, especially in terms of social support, and improvements have been made in birthweight and preterm-birth outcomes; however, there is limited understanding as to why. The purpose of this study was to examine the mechanisms that create trusting relationships within CP to better understand CP outcomes and effectiveness...
March 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195013/betrayal-trauma-in-youth-and-negative-communication-during-a-stressful-task
#7
Vanessa M Jacoby, Elisa Krackow, Joseph R Scotti
Attachment-based theories and related research illustrate that emotion regulation develops in the context of a secure relationship between a child and caregiver. When a secure bond is broken, such as in the context of betrayal trauma, children fail to develop necessary emotion regulation skills which can lead to an array of relational problems. The current study examined the relations between betrayal trauma history, type of communication during a stressful interpersonal laboratory task, and emotion regulation difficulties in a sample of trauma-exposed adolescents...
March 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190944/when-task-conflict-becomes-personal-the-impact-of-perceived-team-performance
#8
Hannes Guenter, Hetty van Emmerik, Bert Schreurs, Tom Kuypers, Ad van Iterson, Guy Notelaers
Although potentially beneficial, task conflict may threaten teams because it often leads to relationship conflict. Prior research has identified a set of interpersonal factors (e.g., team communication, team trust) that help attenuate this association. The purpose of this article is to provide an alternative perspective that focuses on the moderating role of performance-related factors (i.e., perceived team performance). Using social identity theory, we build a model that predicts how task conflict associates with growth in relationship conflict and how perceived team performance influences this association...
October 2016: Small Group Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190626/interrupting-pathways-to-sepsis-effectiveness-of-an-intervention-to-reduce-delays-in-timely-care-for-sick-children-in-rural-bangladesh
#9
Frances E Aboud, Ehsanur Rahman, Rosemin Kassam, Jasmin Khan, Nabeel Ashraf Ali, Fahmida Taleb
RATIONALE: The time it takes for a child with suspected sepsis to receive care is critical. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated care-seeking practices for sick children under 5 years in rural Bangladesh, following interpersonal communication to inform households of newly introduced supports for quality care. Based on the Delays Framework, we assessed length and source of care-seeking delays, use of formal providers, and autonomous decision-making among mothers. METHOD: Using two cross-sectional rounds before and after the 3-year intervention (August 2012 and August 2015), we surveyed 400 mothers of recently sick children in 26 randomly sampled villages from 2 intervention and 2 control subdistricts, using structured questions about delays...
February 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188104/observing-and-participating-in-social-interactions-action-perception-and-action-control-across-the-autistic-spectrum
#10
REVIEW
Dimitris Bolis, Leonhard Schilbach
Autism is a developmental condition, characterized by difficulties of social interaction and communication, as well as restricted interests and repetitive behaviors. Although several important conceptions have shed light on specific facets, there is still no consensus about a universal yet specific theory in terms of its underlying mechanisms. While some theories have exclusively focused on sensory aspects, others have emphasized social difficulties. However, sensory and social processes in autism might be interconnected to a higher degree than what has been traditionally thought...
January 23, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187194/associations-between-empathy-and-big-five-personality-traits-among-chinese-undergraduate-medical-students
#11
Yang Song, Meng Shi
BACKGROUND: Empathy promotes positive physician-patient communication and is associated with improved patient satisfaction, treatment adherence and clinical outcomes. It has been suggested that personality traits should be taken into consideration in programs designed to enhance empathy in medical education due to the association found between personality and empathy among medical students. However, the associations between empathy and big five personality traits in medical education are still underrepresented in the existing literature and relevant studies have not been conducted among medical students in China, where tensions in the physician-patient relationship have been reported as outstanding problems in the context of China's current medical reform...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183293/using-video-annotation-software-to-identify-interactions-in-group-therapies-for-schizophrenia-assessing-reliability-and-associations-with-outcomes
#12
Stavros Orfanos, Syeda Ferhana Akther, Muhammad Abdul-Basit, Rosemarie McCabe, Stefan Priebe
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that interactions in group therapies for people with schizophrenia are associated with a reduction in negative symptoms. However, it is unclear which specific interactions in groups are linked with these improvements. The aims of this exploratory study were to i) develop and test the reliability of using video-annotation software to measure interactions in group therapies in schizophrenia and ii) explore the relationship between interactions in group therapies for schizophrenia with clinically relevant changes in negative symptoms...
February 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179148/status-of-tuberculosis-services-in-indian-prisons
#13
REVIEW
Banuru Muralidhara Prasad, Bhadri Thapa, Sarabjit Singh Chadha, Anand Das, Entoor Ramachandra Babu, Subrat Mohanty, Sripriya Pandurangan, Jamhoih Tonsing
INTRODUCTION: Prisons are known to be a high risk environment for tuberculosis (TB) due to overcrowding, low levels of nutrition, poor infection control and lack of accessible healthcare services. India has nearly 1400 prisons housing 0.37 million inmates. However, information on, availability of diagnostic and treatment services for TB in the prison settings is limited. This study examined the availability of TB services in prisons of India. Simultaneously, prison inmates were screened for tuberculosis...
February 4, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179012/the-effect-of-mobile-application-interventions-on-influencing-healthy-maternal-behaviour-and-improving-perinatal-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review-protocol
#14
Lisa M Daly, Dell Horey, Philippa F Middleton, Frances M Boyle, Vicki Flenady
BACKGROUND: Perinatal morbidity and mortality remain significant public health issues globally, with enduring impact on the health and well-being of women and their families. Pregnant women who adopt, practice and maintain healthy behaviours can potentially improve the health of themselves and their babies. Mobile applications are an increasingly popular mode of accessing, storing and sharing health information among pregnant women. The main objective of this review is to evaluate the effects of mobile application interventions during pregnancy on maternal behaviour and associated maternal and infant outcomes...
February 8, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166260/workplace-interpersonal-conflicts-among-the-healthcare-workers-retrospective-exploration-from-the-institutional-incident-reporting-system-of-a-university-affiliated-medical-center
#15
Jih-Shuin Jerng, Szu-Fen Huang, Huey-Wen Liang, Li-Chin Chen, Chia-Kuei Lin, Hsiao-Fang Huang, Ming-Yuan Hsieh, Jui-Sheng Sun
OBJECTIVE: There have been concerns about the workplace interpersonal conflict (WIC) among healthcare workers. As healthcare organizations have applied the incident reporting system (IRS) widely for safety-related incidents, we proposed that this system might provide a channel to explore the WICs. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the reports to the IRS from July 2010 to June 2013 in a medical center. We identified the WICs and typed these conflicts according to the two foci (task content/process and interpersonal relationship) and the three properties (disagreement, interference, and negative emotion), and analyzed relevant data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163850/effective-factors-in-marital-satisfaction-in-perspective-of-iranian-women-and-men-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Farzaneh Zaheri, Mahrokh Dolatian, Mohammad Shariati, Masoomeh Simbar, Abbas Ebadi, Seyede Batool Hasanpoor Azghadi
INTRODUCTION: One of the most important factors and determinants of mental health, emotional stability of couples and successful marriage is marital satisfaction, a state that in most cases, males and females are satisfied with each other and their marriage. This review was conducted to survey the effective factors on marital satisfaction in view of Iranian men and women. METHODS: This systematic review surveys published articles from 2005 to 2015. First, scientific databases such as Pubmed/Medline, Scopus, Elsevier, Cochran library, Springer, Scientific Information Database (SID), IranMedex, Magiran and Medlib were searched using relevant key words and phrases...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157408/who-persuades-who-an-analysis-of-persuasion-choices-related-to-antibiotic-free-food
#17
Rachel A Smith, Christopher J Carpenter
Personal communication, in which one person persuades another to engage in a particular behavior, is one means through which behaviors spread. To better understand how personal communication spreads behavior, we investigated adults' (N = 228) likelihood of persuading others in a fictitious social network to buy antibiotic-free food, and who they attempted to persuade, based on behavioral determinants, homophily, and superdiffuser traits. For potential consumers, the findings showed that behavioral determinants, behavioral intentions, and mavenism predicted intentions to persuade others...
February 3, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156012/-i-need-complete-trust-in-nurses-home-mechanical-ventilated-patients-perceptions-of-safety
#18
Christiane Schaepe, Michael Ewers
BACKGROUND: Although home care has advanced over the last few decades, little research on patient safety has been carried out in this setting. Furthermore, it is unclear how patients perceive their situation and safety. The insiders' views might be especially relevant for technology-dependent individuals, such as users of home mechanical ventilation (HMV). AIM: The aim of this study was to examine how HMV patients perceive their situation and what makes them feel safe or unsafe...
February 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153041/understanding-the-role-of-intersectoral-convergence-in-the-delivery-of-essential-maternal-and-child-nutrition-interventions-in-odisha-india-a-qualitative-study
#19
Sunny S Kim, Rasmi Avula, Rajani Ved, Neha Kohli, Kavita Singh, Mara van den Bold, Suneetha Kadiyala, Purnima Menon
BACKGROUND: Convergence of sectoral programs is important for scaling up essential maternal and child health and nutrition interventions. In India, these interventions are implemented by two government programs - Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) and National Rural Health Mission (NRHM). These programs are designed to work together, but there is limited understanding of the nature and extent of coordination in place and needed at the various administrative levels. Our study examined how intersectoral convergence in nutrition programming is operationalized between ICDS and NRHM from the state to village levels in Odisha, and the factors influencing convergence in policy implementation and service delivery...
February 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151017/an-examination-of-how-people-who-have-lost-weight-communicatively-negotiate-interpersonal-challenges-to-weight-management
#20
Lynsey K Romo
The vast majority of Americans are overweight, and those who are able to lose weight typically regain at least the amount they lost. Some people are confronted with sabotage, criticism, and declines in social support during and following weight loss. However, how individuals negotiate these interpersonal barriers is not very well understood. Such an understanding could help individuals maintain their weight loss while minimizing the risk of adverse health or relational consequences. Thus, through a thematic analysis of 40 interviews of people who were identified as previously overweight or obese and a facework lens (Cupach & Metts, 1994; Goffman, 1967), this study examined how people were communicatively able to sustain their weight loss in the face of challenges from friends, family, and colleagues...
February 2, 2017: Health Communication
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