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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906471/negotiated-safety-components-context-and-use-an-integrative-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
NataIie M Leblanc, Jason W Mitchell, Joseph P De Santis
AIM: To examine the components and use of negotiated safety in the context of HIV prevention and to identify reported factors associated with the concept. BACKGROUND: There is an emerging interest in dyadic approaches to address HIV transmission. Although there are theoretical foundations for how interpersonal relationships influence individual behaviour, how these dyadic processes influence on health is still not wholly understood. DESIGN: Integrative review of empirical and theoretical literature...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904573/clinical-teaching-with-emotional-intelligence-a-teaching-toolbox
#2
REVIEW
Athar Omid, Fariba Haghani, Peyman Adibi
BACKGROUND: Emotional intelligence (EI) helps humans to perceive their own and others' emotions. It helps to make better interpersonal communication that consequently leads to an increase in everyday performance and professional career. Teaching, particularly teaching in the clinical environment, is among the professions that need a high level of EI due to its relevance to human interactions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We adopted EI competencies with characteristics of a good clinical teacher...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900669/disruptive-behaviour-in-the-perioperative-setting-a-contemporary-review
#3
Alexander Villafranca, Colin Hamlin, Stephanie Enns, Eric Jacobsohn
PURPOSE: Disruptive behaviour, which we define as behaviour that does not show others an adequate level of respect and causes victims or witnesses to feel threatened, is a concern in the operating room. This review summarizes the current literature on disruptive behaviour as it applies to the perioperative domain. SOURCE: Searches of MEDLINE(®), Scopus™, and Google books identified articles and monographs of interest, with backreferencing used as a supplemental strategy...
November 29, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899710/quantifying-and-exploring-camouflaging-in-men-and-women-with-autism
#4
Meng-Chuan Lai, Michael V Lombardo, Amber Nv Ruigrok, Bhismadev Chakrabarti, Bonnie Auyeung, Peter Szatmari, Francesca Happé, Simon Baron-Cohen
Autobiographical descriptions and clinician observations suggest that some individuals with autism, particularly females, 'camouflage' their social communication difficulties, which may require considerable cognitive effort and lead to increased stress, anxiety and depression. Using data from 60 age- and IQ-matched men and women with autism (without intellectual disability), we operationalized camouflaging in adults with autism for the first time as the quantitative discrepancy between the person's 'external' behavioural presentation in social-interpersonal contexts (measured by the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule) and the person's 'internal' status (dispositional traits measured by the Autism Spectrum Quotient and social cognitive capability measured by the 'Reading the Mind in the Eyes' Test)...
November 29, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895101/interaction-and-common-ground-in-dementia-communication-across-linguistic-and-cultural-diversity-in-a-residential-dementia-care-setting
#5
Lisa Strandroos, Eleonor Antelius
Previous research concerning bilingual people with a dementia disease has mainly focused on the importance of sharing a spoken language with caregivers. While acknowledging this, this article addresses the multidimensional character of communication and interaction. As using spoken language is made difficult as a consequence of the dementia disease, this multidimensionality becomes particularly important. The article is based on a qualitative analysis of ethnographic fieldwork at a dementia care facility. It presents ethnographic examples of different communicative forms, with particular focus on bilingual interactions...
November 28, 2016: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889583/development-and-evaluation-of-a-clinical-simulation-for-new-graduate-nurses-a-multi-site-pilot-study
#6
Dukyoo Jung, Soon Hee Lee, Sook Jung Kang, Jung-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: New nursing graduates have revealed that they perceive a gap between theory and practice with reference to their education and the real workplace setting. Additionally, many nurses experience a reality shock when they participate in clinical practice. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop and test the effects of a scenario-based simulation training program on new graduate nurses' competency, critical thinking dispositions, and interpersonal communication skills...
November 18, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885651/barossa-night-cohesion-in-the-british-army-officer-corps
#7
Patrick Bury
Contrasting the classical explanation of military group cohesion as sustained by interpersonal bonds, recent scholars have highlighted the importance of ritualized communication, training and drills in explaining effective military performance in professional armies. While this has offered a welcome addition to the cohesion literature and a novel micro-sociological method of examining cohesion, its primary evidential base has been combat groups. Indeed, despite their prominent role in directing operations over the past decade, the British Army's officer corps has received relatively little attention from sociologists during this period...
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881123/reflective-practice-and-its-role-in-facilitating-creative-responses-to-dilemmas-within-clinical-communication-a-qualitative-analysis
#8
Gabriele Lutz, Gudrun Roling, Bettina Berger, Friedrich Edelhäuser, Christian Scheffer
BACKGROUND: Good communication is a major factor in delivering high quality in care. Research indicates that current communication skills training alone might not sufficiently enable students to find context-specific creative solutions to individual complex personal and interpersonal challenges in the clinical context. This study explores medical students' experiences with real communication dilemmas in a facilitated group setting. The aims were to gain a better understanding of whether and, if so, how reflective practice can enhance students' ability to find creative individual solutions in difficult communication situations and to identify factors within the reflective setting that foster their creative competency...
November 24, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876321/an-exploration-of-how-mexican-american-wic-mothers-obtain-information-about-behaviors-associated-with-childhood-obesity-risk
#9
Rachel E Davis, Suzanne M Cole, Shannon J McKenney-Shubert, Sonya J Jones, Karen E Peterson
OBJECTIVE: To explore how a sample of Mexican American mothers with preschool-aged children recruited from a Midwestern Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) clinic obtained information about 4 behaviors associated with childhood obesity risk: eating, physical activity, screen time, and sleep. DESIGN: One-on-one structured interviews in which participants were asked how they communicated with family, learned to take care of their first infant, and obtained information about the 4 targeted behaviors for their preschool-aged child...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875600/finding-the-words-medical-students-reflections-on-communication-challenges-in-clinic
#10
Genna Braverman, Janine S Bruce, Gregory Makoul, Erika Schillinger
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Interpersonal communication is essential to providing excellent patient care and requires ongoing development. Although aspects of medical student interpersonal communication may degrade throughout career progression, it is unknown what specific elements pose challenges. We aimed to characterize clerkship students' perspectives on communication challenges in the outpatient setting to help inform curricular development. METHODS: Third-year medical students in a required family medicine clerkship were asked to describe a communication challenge they encountered...
November 2016: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873549/a-systematic-review-of-recommended-modifications-of-cbt-for-people-with-cognitive-impairments-following-brain-injury
#11
Melanie Gallagher, Hamish J McLeod, Thomas M McMillan
Due to diverse cognitive, emotional and interpersonal changes that can follow brain injury, psychological therapies often need to be adapted to suit the complex needs of this population. The aims of the study were to synthesise published recommendations for therapy modifications following brain injury from non-progressive traumatic, vascular, or metabolic causes and to determine how often such modifications have been applied to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for post-injury emotional adjustment problems...
November 22, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869469/saying-good-goodbyes-to-your-clients-a-functional-analytic-psychotherapy-fap-perspective
#12
Mavis Tsai, Tore Gustafsson, Jonathan Kanter, Mary Plummer Loudon, Robert J Kohlenberg
Functional analytic psychotherapy (FAP) promotes client growth by shaping clients' daily life problems that also show up in session with their therapists. FAP therapists create evocative contexts within therapy that afford clients the opportunity to practice, refine, and be reinforced for new, more adaptive behaviors which then can be generalized into their outside lives. In FAP, the termination process will vary from client to client depending on the nature of the client's problems and targets. For many clients, the process can be a rich, multifaceted, final opportunity to evoke, reinforce, and promote generalization of clients' in-session improvements, particularly improvements related to vulnerable self-expression in the service of intimate and close relationships...
November 21, 2016: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863981/physician-s-perceived-roles-as-well-as-barriers-toward-caring-for-women-sex-assault-survivors
#13
Priyanka Amin, Raquel Buranosky, Judy C Chang
BACKGROUND: Sexual assault (SA) affects about 40% of women in the United States and has many mental and physical health sequelae. Physicians often do not address SA with patients, although SA survivors describe a desire to talk to physicians to obtain additional help. Little information exists on how providers perceive their roles regarding caring for women SA survivors and what barriers they face in providing this care. METHODS: We performed a qualitative study using semistructured one-on-one interviews with 16 faculty physicians from five specialties: obstetrics and gynecology (n = 4), internal medicine (n = 4), family medicine (n = 1), emergency medicine (n = 3), and psychiatry (n = 4)...
November 15, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858525/using-a-narrative-film-to-increase-knowledge-and-interpersonal-communication-about-psychosis-among-latinos
#14
Maria Y Hernandez, Yesenia Mejia, Doe Mayer, Steven R Lopez
Narrative communication is effective in increasing public awareness while generating dialogue about varied health topics. The current study utilized narrative communication in the form of a 15-minute motivational film titled La CLAve to help Latinos recognize symptoms of psychosis and begin a discussion about serious mental illness. The study aimed to explore the participants' response to the film and whether the film led to further dialogue about psychosis. Four focus groups were conducted with 40 Spanish-speaking participants, mostly foreign-born Latinas, with a mean age of 49 years...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856405/infusing-technology-into-perinatal-home-visitation-in-the-united-states-for-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence-exploring-the-interpretive-flexibility-of-an-mhealth-intervention
#15
Loraine J Bacchus, Linda Bullock, Phyllis Sharps, Camille Burnett, Donna L Schminkey, Ana Maria Buller, Jacquelyn Campbell
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is common during pregnancy and the postpartum. Perinatal home visitation provides favorable conditions in which to identify and support women affected by IPV. However, the use of mHealth for delivering IPV interventions in perinatal home visiting has not been explored. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to conduct a nested qualitative interpretive study to explore perinatal home visitors' and women's perceptions and experiences of the Domestic Violence Enhanced Home Visitation Program (DOVE) using mHealth technology (ie, a computer tablet) or a home visitor-administered, paper-based method...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856065/associations-of-medical-student-empathy-with-clinical-competence
#16
Rachel S Casas, Ziming Xuan, Angela H Jackson, Lorraine E Stanfield, Nanette C Harvey, Daniel C Chen
OBJECTIVE: Empathy is a crucial skill for medical students that can be difficult to evaluate. We examined if self-reported empathy in medical students was associated with clinical competence. METHODS: This study combined cross-sectional data from four consecutive years of medical students (N=590) from the Boston University School of Medicine. We used regression analysis to evaluate if self-reported empathy (Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE)) predicted scores in clinical clerkships, United States Medical Licensing Examinations, and OBJECTIVE: Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs)...
November 10, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852293/a-simulation-based-curriculum-to-introduce-key-teamwork-principles-to-entering-medical-students
#17
Arna Banerjee, Jason M Slagle, Nathaniel D Mercaldo, Ray Booker, Anne Miller, Daniel J France, Lisa Rawn, Matthew B Weinger
BACKGROUND: Failures of teamwork and interpersonal communication have been cited as a major patient safety issue. Although healthcare is increasingly being provided in interdisciplinary teams, medical school curricula have traditionally not explicitly included the specific knowledge, skills, attitudes, and behaviors required to function effectively as part of such teams. METHODS: As part of a new "Foundations" core course for beginning medical students that provided a two-week introduction to the most important themes in modern healthcare, a multidisciplinary team, in collaboration with the Center for Experiential Learning and Assessment, was asked to create an experiential introduction to teamwork and interpersonal communication...
November 16, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843003/-social-participation-after-childhood-craniopharyngioma
#18
C Olivari-Philiponnet, F Roumenoff, M Schneider, C Chantran, M Picot, P Berlier, C Mottolese, J-C Bernard, C Vuillerot
: Craniopharyngioma is a rare, benign central nervous system tumor, which may be a source of multiple complications, from endocrinology to vision, neurology and neurocognitive functions. This morbidity can lead to reduced participation in life activities, as described in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health. The primary objective of this study was to measure participation in life activities in a population of children and young adults affected by childhood craniopharyngioma, using the LIFE-H questionnaire (Assessment of Life Habits), validated as a social participation measurement tool in various pediatric disabilities...
November 10, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832465/ethnographic-analysis-on-the-use-of-the-electronic-medical-record-for-clinical-handoff
#19
Philippa Nelson, Anthony J Bell, Larry Nathanson, Leon D Sanchez, Jonathan Fisher, Philip D Anderson
The objective of this study was to understand the social elements of clinical and organizational interactions of the key stakeholders in the specific context of an electronic dashboard used by the emergency department (ED) and inpatient medicine teams at the time of clinical referral and handover. An electronic handover function is utilised at the ED-inpatient interface at this institution and has given clinicians the ability to better communicate, monitor the department and strive to improve patient safety in streamline the delivery of care in the acute phase...
November 10, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825662/talk-the-talk-implementing-a-communication-curriculum-for-surgical-residents
#20
Anna B Newcomb, Amber W Trickey, Melissa Porrey, Jeffrey Wright, Franco Piscitani, Paula Graling, Jonathan Dort
OBJECTIVES: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education milestones provide a framework of specific interpersonal and communication skills that surgical trainees should aim to master. However, training and assessment of resident nontechnical skills remains challenging. We aimed to develop and implement a curriculum incorporating interactive learning principles such as group discussion and simulation-based scenarios to formalize instruction in patient-centered communication skills, and to identify best practices when building such a program...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
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