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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529369/concurrent-validity-of-indian-disability-evaluation-and-assessment-scale-with-sociooccupational-functioning-scale-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#1
Swapnajeet Sahoo, Sandeep Grover, Devakshi Dua, Subho Chakrabarti, Ajit Avasthi
BACKGROUND: The Government of India (GOI) has recommended the use of Indian Disability Evaluation and Assessment Scale (IDEAS) for the assessment and certification of disability in patients with mental illness. Although data are available in terms of internal consistency and construct validity of IDEAS, concurrent validity of IDEAS has rarely been evaluated. AIM: The aim was to study the concurrent validity of IDEAS with Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) and Social and Occupational Functioning Scale (SOFS) in patients with schizophrenia...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523465/development-and-validation-of-a-cross-country-hospital-patient-quality-of-care-assessment-tool-in-europe
#2
Amanda Villiers-Tuthill, Karolina Doulougeri, Hannah McGee, Anthony Montgomery, Efharis Panagopoulou, Karen Morgan
BACKGROUND: Patient perceptions of quality of care (QoC) are directly linked with patient safety and clinical effectiveness. We need patient-designed QoC instruments that work across languages and countries to optimise studies across systems in this area. Few QoC measurement tools exist that assess all aspects of QoC from the patient perspective. This paper describes the development and validation of a comprehensive measure to assess patient perceptions of QoC that incorporates technical and interpersonal aspects of care and is grounded in the established Institute of Medicine (IOM) QoC framework...
May 18, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521314/romantic-relationships-of-people-with-borderline-personality-a-narrative-review
#3
Sara Navarro-Gómez, Álvaro Frías, Carol Palma
BACKGROUND: Romantic relationships are one of the most interesting areas of interpersonal functioning in people with borderline personality. The aim of this narrative review was to synthesise empirical findings on this issue. SAMPLING AND METHODS: The PubMed and PsycINFO databases were searched for pertinent materials published between 1980 and March 2016. Thirty articles met the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: Several longitudinal and cross-sectional studies showed that people with borderline personality disorder (BPD) or BPD traits had more - but less prolonged - romantic relationships than people without BPD...
May 19, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514473/effective-team-practices-interprofessional-contributions-to-communication-issues-with-a-parent-s-perspective
#4
Karena Cooper-Duffy, Kerri Eaker
Purpose: This clinical focus article contains a detailed description of how to build effective teams that use interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) with special-education professionals, speech-language pathologists, and families of children with severe disabilities. Method: This clinical focus article provides information on using the essential elements of team building and IPCP to provide quality care to families who have children with severe disabilities...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509583/the-influence-of-attachment-styles-on-sexual-communication-behavior
#5
Julia McNeil, Uzma S Rehman, Erin Fallis
Attachment theory is one of the major theoretical frameworks for understanding romantic relationships. Attachment styles are formed through interactions with caregivers and shape an individual's expectations of subsequent interpersonal relationships. In this study, we examined how attachment styles influence participants' ability to communicate with their partners about problems in their sexual relationship. A community sample of 81 couples engaged in two video-recorded discussions, one representing an aspect of the couple's sexual relationship where the male partner wanted change and the second representing an aspect of the sexual relationship where the female partner wanted change...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506282/under-triage-in-telephone-consultation-is-related-to-non-normative-symptom-description-and-interpersonal-communication-a-mixed-methods-study
#6
Hejdi Gamst-Jensen, Freddy K Lippert, Ingrid Egerod
BACKGROUND: Telephone consultation and triage are used to limit the workload on emergency departments. Lack of visual cues and clinical tests put telephone consultations to a disadvantage compared to face-to-face consultations increasing the risk of under-triage. Under-triage occurs in telephone triage; however why under-triage happens is not explored yet. The aim of the study was to describe situations of under-triage in context, to assess the quality of under-triaged calls, and to identify communication patterns contributing to under-triage in a regional OOH service in the capital region of Denmark...
May 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502913/scaffolding-the-communication-of-people-with-congenital-deafblindness-an-analysis-of-sequential-interaction-patterns
#7
Saskia Damen, Marleen J Janssen, Wied A Ruijssenaars, Carlo Schuengel
The High Quality Communication intervention aims to stimulate interpersonal communication between individuals with congenital deaf-blindness (CDB) and their social partners. Found effective in multiple-case experiments, the intervention is based on Trevarthen's theory of inter-subjective development (Bråten & Trevarthen, 2007), which describes children's innate and developing ability to share subjective states in interpersonal communication and social partners' mediating role in this development. One implication of this theory is that social partners can support the emergence of higher-complexity communication behaviors in individuals who are still developing these behaviors...
2017: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502406/steering-the-conversation-a-linguistic-exploration-of-natural-language-interactions-with-a-digital-assistant-during-simulated-driving
#8
David R Large, Leigh Clark, Annie Quandt, Gary Burnett, Lee Skrypchuk
Given the proliferation of 'intelligent' and 'socially-aware' digital assistants embodying everyday mobile technology - and the undeniable logic that utilising voice-activated controls and interfaces in cars reduces the visual and manual distraction of interacting with in-vehicle devices - it appears inevitable that next generation vehicles will be embodied by digital assistants and utilise spoken language as a method of interaction. From a design perspective, defining the language and interaction style that a digital driving assistant should adopt is contingent on the role that they play within the social fabric and context in which they are situated...
September 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501654/urinary-organophosphate-insecticide-metabolite-concentrations-during-pregnancy-and-children-s-interpersonal-communication-repetitive-and-stereotypic-behaviors-at-8-years-of-age-the-home-study
#9
Marisa E Millenson, Joseph M Braun, Antonia M Calafat, Dana Boyd Barr, Yen-Tsung Huang, Aimin Chen, Bruce P Lanphear, Kimberly Yolton
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to organophosphate insecticides may be associated with autism spectrum disorders and related behaviors. This association may be modified by single nucleotide polymorphisms in the paraoxonase (PON1) enzyme. OBJECTIVE: We examined the relationship of prenatal organophosphate insecticide biomarkers with reciprocal social, repetitive, and stereotypic behaviors in 8-year old children, and modification of this relationship by child PON1 polymorphisms...
May 10, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499772/exploring-patient-engagement-a-qualitative-analysis-of-low-income-urban-participants-in-asthma-research
#10
Amy Korwin, Heather Black, Luzmercy Perez, Knashawn H Morales, Heather Klusaritz, Xiaoyan Han, Jingru Huang, Marisa Rogers, Grace Ndicu, Andrea J Apter
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled asthma is a common highly morbid condition with worse outcomes in low-income and minority patients in part due to barriers accessing and engaging with health care. We developed a patient advocate to educate about and assist with navigating access to care and provider-patient communication. Participants completed an End of Study Questionnaire (ESQ) that was analyzed to assess experience and engagement with the protocol. OBJECTIVE: This study uses qualitative analysis to evaluate participant experience with the patient advocate and control group interventions...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499764/-personal-health-records-on-the-internet-a-narrative-review-of-attitudes-expectations-utilization-and-effects-on-health-outcomes
#11
REVIEW
Dominik Ose, Ines Baudendistel, Sabrina Pohlmann, Eva C Winkler, Aline Kunz, Joachim Szecsenyi
BACKGROUND: The integration of information and communication technologies (ICT) is increasingly considered in the development of healthcare structures. This fact is also recognised in the e-Health Act. In this context, personal health records (PHR) have a specific meaning. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview on utilization, barriers and possible effects on the implementation of PHR. METHODS: This analysis is based on a literature search in Web of Science (Core Collection) (01/2000 to 12/2014) using the following terms: "personal health record", "personal medical record", "personal electronic health record", "interpersonal health record", "personally controlled health record"...
May 9, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497096/patient-complaints-emphasize-non-technical-aspects-of-care-at-a-tertiary-referral-hospital
#12
John D King, Pim A D van Dijk, Celeste L Overbeek, Michiel G J S Hageman, David Ring
BACKGROUND: Patient concerns represent opportunities for improvement in orthopaedic care. This study's objective is to identify the nature and prevalence of unsolicited patient complaints regarding orthopaedic care at a tertiary referral hospital. The primary null hypothesis that there are no demographic factors associated with complaint types was tested. Secondarily we determined if the overall complaint number and types differed by year. METHODS: Complaints to the hospital ombudsperson by orthopaedic patients between January 1997 and June 2013 were reviewed...
March 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484007/body-sway-reflects-leadership-in-joint-music-performance
#13
Andrew Chang, Steven R Livingstone, Dan J Bosnyak, Laurel J Trainor
The cultural and technological achievements of the human species depend on complex social interactions. Nonverbal interpersonal coordination, or joint action, is a crucial element of social interaction, but the dynamics of nonverbal information flow among people are not well understood. We used joint music making in string quartets, a complex, naturalistic nonverbal behavior, as a model system. Using motion capture, we recorded body sway simultaneously in four musicians, which reflected real-time interpersonal information sharing...
May 8, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480057/interdisciplinary-dissemination-and-implementation-research-to-advance-translational-science-challenges-and-opportunities
#14
E G Guerrero, E E Hahn, T Khachikian, E Chuang, A F Brown
INTRODUCTION: Interdisciplinary collaboration is a critical component of translation, dissemination, implementation, and improvement (TDII) science. Yet, little is known about effective frameworks and practices regarding interdisciplinary research in TDII. METHODS: This study drew on data collected from an expert panel during a regional symposium. RESULTS: Findings highlight facilitators and barriers to stimulating interdisciplinary TDII research in different domains: intrapersonal, interpersonal, organizational, power and hierarchy, physical environment, and communication and language...
February 2017: J Clin Transl Sci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466465/what-constitutes-competent-error-disclosure-insights-from-a-national-focus-group-study-in-switzerland
#15
Annegret F Hannawa
The question is no longer whether to disclose an error to a patient. Many studies have established that medical errors are co-owned by providers and patients and thus must be disclosed. However, little evidence is available on the concrete communication skills and contextual features that contribute to patients' perceptions of "competent disclosures" as a key predictor of objective disclosure outcomes. This study operationalises a communication science model to empirically characterise what messages, behaviours and contextual factors Swiss patients commonly consider "competent" during medical error disclosures, and what symptoms and behaviours they experience in response to competent and incompetent disclosures...
May 3, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464865/empathy-in-psychoanalysis-and-medical-education-what-can-we-learn-from-each-other
#16
Henriette Löffler-Stastka, Felicitas Datz, Karoline Parth, Ingrid Preusche, Xenia Bukowski, Charles Seidman
BACKGROUND: Several research areas, including medical education (ME), focus on empathy as an important topic in interpersonal relationships. This focus is central to the use of communication skills related to empathy and even more crucial to provide information in a way that makes patients feel more involved in the treatment process. Psychoanalysis (PA) provides its initial concept of empathy based on affective aspects including findings from neuroscience and brain research. Enhancing cooperation between ME and PA can help to integrate both aspects of empathy into a longitudinal training program...
May 2, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464283/a-view-of-the-global-conservation-job-market-and-how-to-succeed-in-it
#17
Jane Lucas, Evan Gora, Alfonso Alonso
The high demand for conservation-based work is creating a need for conservation-focused training of current and future graduate students. While many graduates with tertiary degrees in biology are finding careers outside of academia, many programs and mentors continue to prepare students to follow in the footsteps of their professors. Unfortunately, information regarding how to appropriately prepare for today's job market and find success in conservation careers is limited in detail and scope. This problem is further complicated by the differing needs of conservation positions distributed among diverse employers in both economically advanced and developing regions across the globe...
May 2, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461168/effects-of-interpersonal-skills-training-on-mri-operations-in-a-saturated-market-a%C3%A2-randomized-trial
#18
Amna A Ajam, Xuan V Nguyen, Ronda A Kelly, Joseph A Ladapo, Elvira V Lang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of team training on operational efficiency during outpatient MRI. METHODS: In this institutional review board-approved, HIPAA-compliant study, six MRI outpatient sites of a midwestern hospital system were randomized to serve as controls or have their teams trained in advanced communication skills. The fourth quarter of fiscal year 2015 was the trial baseline. The trial ended in the third quarter (Q3) of fiscal year 2016 (FY16)...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460596/using-objective-structured-teaching-encounters-ostes-to-prepare-chief-residents-to-be-emotionally-intelligent-leaders
#19
Sara Ann Cerrone, Patti Adelman, Salaahuddin Akbar, Andrew C Yacht, Alice Fornari
BACKGROUND: Chief Residents must lead, manage and mentor a diverse and often large group of residents, however there is a lack of formal leadership training throughout graduate medical education. OBJECTIVE: Development of a 3-part Chief Resident (CR) Program focused on leading, managing and mentoring. DESIGN: Each participant completes an Emotional Intelligence (EI) Inventory prior to the day-long event. Participants receive their EI scores at the beginning of the program, which features interactive sessions on leadership, management, and feedback skills...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452896/evaluating-trauma-team-performance-in-a-level-i-trauma-center-validation-of-the-trauma-team-communication-assessment-ttca-24
#20
Stephanie DeMoor, Shady A Rehim, Richard Olmsted, John G Myers, Jessica Parker-Raley
OBJECTIVE: Non-technical skills (NTS) such as team communication are well recognized determinants of trauma team performance and good patient care. Measuring these competencies during trauma resuscitations is essential, yet few valid and reliable tools are available. We aimed to demonstrate that the TTCA-24 is a valid and reliable instrument that measures communication effectiveness during activations. METHODS: Two tools with adequate psychometric strength (T-NOTCHES, TEAM) were identified during a systematic review of medical literature and compared with TTCA-24...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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