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Interpersonal communications

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153459/-intrafamilial-disruptive-behaviour-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-present-data-and-treatment-prospects
#1
E Bousquet, N Franc, C Ha, D Purper-Ouakil
Child-to-parent violence is a form of family violence that is still a well-kept secret. Abused parents can be victims of different types of abuse. Children can use both physical and psychological violence such as financial threats to take control of the home. In this situation, parents often no longer dare to contradict their children by fear of triggering uncontrollable violence. Although the phenomenon recently drew the attention of the media, there is still little knowledge about its prevalence and clinical characteristics...
November 16, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151565/effects-of-a-cognitive-rehearsal-program-on-interpersonal-relationships-workplace-bullying-symptom-experience-and-turnover-intention-among-nurses-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Jiyeon Kang, Jeung Im Kim, Seonyoung Yun
PURPOSE: This research aimed to investigate the effects of a cognitive rehearsal program (CRP) on workplace bullying among nurses. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was performed. Participants were 40 nurses working in different university hospitals in B city, South Korea. The experimental group was provided with a 20-hour CRP comprising scenarios on bullying situations, standard communication, and role-playing. To evaluate effects of the CRP, we measured interpersonal relationships, workplace bullying, symptom experience, and turnover intention at preand post-intervention...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149485/factors-influencing-the-delivery-of-the-fundamentals-of-care-perceptions-of-nurses-nursing-leaders-and-healthcare-consumers
#3
Tiffany Conroy
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the factors described by nurses and consumer representatives influencing the delivery of the fundamentals of care. BACKGROUND: An ongoing challenge facing nursing is ensuring the 'basics' or fundamentals of care are delivered optimally. The way nurses and patients perceive the delivery of the fundamentals of care, had not been explored. Once identified, the factors that promote the delivery of the fundamentals of care may be facilitated ...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149064/who-participates-in-the-great-shakeout-why-audience-segmentation-is-the-future-of-disaster-preparedness-campaigns
#4
Rachel M Adams, Beth Karlin, David P Eisenman, Johanna Blakley, Deborah Glik
Background: In 2008, the Southern California Earthquake Center in collaboration with the U.S. Geological Survey Earthquake Hazards Program launched the first annual Great ShakeOut, the largest earthquake preparedness drill in the history of the United States. Materials and Methods: We collected online survey data from 2052 campaign registrants to assess how people participated, whether audience segments shared behavioral patterns, and whether these segments were associated with five social cognitive factors targeted by the ShakeOut campaign...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148147/altered-n170-and-mood-symptoms-in-bipolar-disorder-an-electrophysiological-study-of-configural-face-processing
#5
Ivy F Tso, Tyler B Grove, Savanna A Mueller, Lisa O'Donnell, Jinsoo Chun, Melvin G McInnis, Patricia J Deldin
OBJECTIVES: Altered social behavior during mood episodes in bipolar disorder often has detrimental and long-lasting interpersonal consequences. Abnormal face processing may play a role in linking brain functions to clinical symptoms and behavior. This study aimed to understand configural face processing in bipolar disorder as a function of basic communicative attributes of the face and mood symptoms using event-related brain potentials (ERPs). METHODS: Forty-two participants with bipolar I disorder (BP) and 43 healthy controls (HC) viewed face stimuli varying in emotion (neutral or fearful), head orientation (forward or deviated), and gaze direction (direct or averted) while ERPs were recorded...
November 17, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147467/problematic-communications-during-2016-fellowship-recruitment-in-internal-medicine
#6
Patricia A Cornett, Chris Williams, Richard L Alweis, John McConville, Michael Frank, Bhavin Dalal, Richard I Kopelman, Vera P Luther, Alec B O'connor, Elaine A Muchmore
Some internal medicine residency program directors have expressed concerns that their third-year residents may have been subjected to inappropriate communication during the 2016 fellowship recruitment season. The authors sought to study applicants' interpersonal communication experiences with fellowship programs. Many respondents indicated that they had been asked questions that would constitute violations of the National Residency Matching Program (NRMP) Communications Code of Conduct agreement, including how they plan to rank specific programs...
2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132621/effect-of-computer-use-on-physician-patient-communication-using-a-validated-instrument-patient-perspective
#7
Issam Shaarani, Rim Taleb, Jumana Antoun
BACKGROUND: Physician-patient communication is essential in the physician-patient relationship. Concerns were raised about the impact of the computer on this relationship with the increase in use of electronic medical records (EMR). Most studies addressed the physician's perspective and only few explored the patient's perspective. AIM: This study aims to assess the patient's perspective of the effect of the physician's computer use during the clinical encounter on the interpersonal and communication skills of the physician using a validated communication assessment tool (CAT)...
December 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128271/predictors-of-patient-and-partner-satisfaction-following-radical-prostatectomy
#8
REVIEW
Cailey Guercio, Akanksha Mehta
INTRODUCTION: The diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer adversely affects the physical and emotional well-being of patients and partners and has been associated with sexual dysfunction in patients and their intimate partners. AIM: To identify predictors of sexual satisfaction in prostate cancer survivors and their partners based on a review of the current literature. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive review of the PubMed database from January 2000 to May 2017 focused on the (i) prevalence of patient and partner sexual dysfunction related to radical prostatectomy, (ii) differences in patient and partner perspectives of sexual function and dysfunction, and (iii) predictors of patient and partner sexual satisfaction after radical prostatectomy...
November 8, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127597/development-of-a-practical-outcome-measure-to-account-for-individual-differences-in-quality-of-life-appraisal-the-brief-appraisal-inventory
#9
Bruce D Rapkin, Iliana Garcia, Wesley Michael, Jie Zhang, Carolyn E Schwartz
BACKGROUND: The present study evaluated the distributional and structural characteristics and explanatory power of the 23-item Brief Appraisal Inventory (BAI), a more practical appraisal measure for use in clinical research and practice. METHODS: A heterogeneous, online cohort of chronic disease patients and caregivers completed the BAI, along with demographics, comorbidities, PROMIS-10, and the Brief NEO Personality Inventory. Principal components, bivariate, and linear and logistic regression analyses addressed BAI item distributions, structure, and construct validity...
November 10, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120559/interpersonal-skills-in-the-practice-of-food-safety-inspections-a-study-of-compliance-assistance
#10
Jennifer Buckely
Conducting food safety inspections requires interpersonal skills and technical expertise. This requirement is particularly important for agencies that adopt a compliance assistance approach by encouraging inspectors to assist industry in finding solutions to violations. This article describes a study of inspections that were conducted by inspectors from the Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development Food and Dairy Division at small-scale processing facilities. Interactions between inspectors and small processors were explored through a qualitative, ethnographic approach using interviews and field observations...
December 2016: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118348/frontal-theta-activation-during-motor-synchronization-in-autism
#11
Masahiro Kawasaki, Keiichi Kitajo, Kenjiro Fukao, Toshiya Murai, Yoko Yamaguchi, Yasuko Funabiki
Autism is characterized by two primary characteristics: deficits in social interaction and repetitive behavioral patterns. Because interpersonal communication is extremely complicated, its underlying brain mechanisms remain unclear. Here we showed that both characteristics can be explained by a unifying underlying mechanism related to difficulties with irregularities. To address the issues, we measured electroencephalographm during a cooperative tapping task, which required participants to tap a key alternately and synchronously with constant rhythmic a PC program, a variable rhythmic PC program, or a human partner...
November 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115199/the-father-daughter-relationship-in-the-wake-of-maternal-death-from-breast-cancer
#12
Marie M Cohen, David K Wellisch, Sarah R Ormseth, Valerie G Yarema
OBJECTIVES: This paper examines whether a relationship exists between paternal psychological stability and daughters' symptomatology following the death of a wife/mother from breast cancer. Specifically, is there a relationship between paternal parenting style and the daughters' subsequent capacity to form committed relationships later in life? METHODS: We assessed 68 adult daughters (average age = 23.5 years) since the mother's breast cancer diagnosis by means of a semistructured clinical interview and psychological testing...
November 8, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110569/beliefs-about-smoking-related-lung-cancer-risk-among-low-socioeconomic-individuals-the-role-of-smoking-experience-and-interpersonal-communication
#13
Mesfin Awoke Bekalu, Sara Minsky, Kasisomayajula Viswanath
INTRODUCTION: Previous research has documented that smoking prevalence is generally high among low socioeconomic groups and that tobacco industries continue to target these population groups. However, little research has investigated the beliefs of individuals with low socioeconomic position (SEP) about the association between smoking and cancer risks. In this study, we examined beliefs about smoking-related lung cancer risk and the role of smoking experience, mass media exposure and health-related interpersonal communication among a sample of low SEP population...
November 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108462/the-effect-of-clear-speech-on-temporal-metrics-of-rhythm-in-spanish-accented-speakers-of-english
#14
Alison Behrman, Sarah Hargus Ferguson, Ali Akhund, Mariola Moeyaert
This paper presents a comparative analysis of temporal rhythm in native American English talkers and Spanish-accented English talkers producing clear (hyperarticulated) speech and typical, conversational-style speech. Five acoustic measures of comparative vocalic and consonantal interval duration ("temporal metrics") were obtained from speech samples of 40 adult men and women (half native and half Spanish-accented talkers). In conversational-style speech, vocalic-based metrics differed significantly between native and Spanish-accented talkers, consistent with phonotactic differences between the two native languages...
November 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104350/vectors-into-the-future-of-mass-and-interpersonal-communication-research-big-data-social-media-and-computational-social-science
#15
Joseph N Cappella
Simultaneous developments in big data, social media, and computational social science have set the stage for how we think about and understand interpersonal and mass communication. This article explores some of the ways that these developments generate 4 hypothetical "vectors" - directions - into the next generation of communication research. These vectors include developments in network analysis, modeling interpersonal and social influence, recommendation systems, and the blurring of distinctions between interpersonal and mass audiences through narrowcasting and broadcasting...
October 2017: Human Communication Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099473/a-study-of-interpersonal-conflict-among-operating-room-nurses
#16
Tsui-Fen Chang, Chung-Kuang Chen, Ming-Jia Chen
BACKGROUND: Team collaboration is an important factor that affects the performance of the operating room (OR). Therefore, the ability of OR nurses to adapt to and manage interpersonal conflict incidents properly is very important. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to investigate the interpersonal conflict management capabilities of OR nursing staffs and to find the relationships among the demographics of OR nurses and the following: work-related variables, interpersonal conflict management style, and target of interpersonal conflict...
December 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096708/family-resilience-and-adaptive-coping-in-children-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#17
Sophia Saetes, Lisa Hynes, Brian E McGuire, Line Caes
BACKGROUND: This systematic review is the first step in a study investigating the resilience methods and processes in families of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. In particular, this review will focus on chronic or persistent pain, as a common symptom of juvenile idiopathic arthritis, which is the most common rheumatic disease in childhood. The experience of persistent pain can add to the functional disability associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Resilience has relevance to all areas of paediatric psychology, and targeted attention to child, sibling, and parent strengths within the context of paediatric chronic pain and juvenile idiopathic arthritis in particular will augment the field on numerous levels...
November 2, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093140/-you-get-beautiful-teeth-down-there-racial-ethnic-minority-older-adults-perspectives-on-care-at-dental-school-clinics
#18
Mary E Northridge, Andrew B Schenkel, Shirley Birenz, Ivette Estrada, Sara S Metcalf, Mark S Wolff
To help eliminate reported racial/ethnic and socioeconomic inequities in oral health care, listening to the perspectives of racial/ethnic minority older adults on their experiences with dental school clinics is needed. The aim of this study was to examine the experiences of African American, Puerto Rican, and Dominican older adults who attend senior centers in upper Manhattan, New York City, regarding the care received at dental school clinics. Focus groups were conducted from 2013 to 2015 with 194 racial/ethnic minority men and women aged 50 years and older living in upper Manhattan...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083266/interpersonal-effects-of-strategic-and-spontaneous-guilt-communication-in-trust-games
#19
Danielle M Shore, Brian Parkinson
A social partner's emotions communicate important information about their motives and intentions. However, people may discount emotional information that they believe their partner has regulated with the strategic intention of exerting social influence. Across two studies, we investigated interpersonal effects of communicated guilt and perceived strategic regulation in trust games. Results showed that communicated guilt (but not interest) mitigated negative effects of trust violations on interpersonal judgements and behaviour...
October 30, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083239/examining-the-relationship-between-undergraduate-student-parent-social-support-seeking-factors-stress-and-somatic-symptoms-a-two-model-comparison-of-direct-and-indirect-effects
#20
Kristina M Scharp, Elizabeth Dorrance Hall
Approximately 4.8 million undergraduate students are also raising at least one child but only 26% of these student parents will graduate within six years. This study aimed to examine how academic and parenting stress influence the relationship between support-seeking factors (i.e., the costs of seeking support and communicated support availability) and somatic health symptoms such as headaches, sleep disruption, and exercise. Two parallel mediation models (n = 185 undergraduate student parents) are compared and revealed strong patterns of indirect effects...
October 30, 2017: Health Communication
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