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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775080/mindfulness-meditation-and-interprofessional-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-mixed-methods-pilot-study
#1
Diana J Kelm, Jennifer L Ridgeway, Becca L Gas, Monali Mohan, David A Cook, Darlene R Nelson, Roberto P Benzo
PROBLEM: Mindfulness training includes mindfulness meditation, which has been shown to improve both attention and self-awareness. Medical providers in the intensive care unit often deal with difficult situations with strong emotions, life-and-death decisions, and both interpersonal and interprofessional conflicts. The effect of mindfulness meditation training on healthcare providers during acute care tasks such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation remains unknown. Mindfulness meditation has the potential to improve provider well-being and reduce stress in individuals involved in resuscitation teams, which could then translate into better team communication and delivery of care under stress...
May 18, 2018: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775078/effects-of-a-parent-implemented-developmental-reciprocity-treatment-program-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Grace W Gengoux, Salena Schapp, Sarah Burton, Christina M Ardel, Robin A Libove, Gina Baldi, Kari L Berquist, Jennifer M Phillips, Antonio Y Hardan
Developmental approaches to autism treatment aim to establish strong interpersonal relationships through joint play. These approaches have emerging empirical support; however, there is a need for further research documenting the procedures and demonstrating their effectiveness. This pilot study evaluated changes in parent behavior and child autism symptoms following a 12-week Developmental Reciprocity Treatment parent-training program. A total of 22 children with autism spectrum disorder between 2 and 6 years (mean age = 44...
May 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771151/keep-doing-the-good-work-impact-of-coworker-and-community-support-on-continuation-of-breastfeeding
#3
Jie Zhuang, Mary Jiang Bresnahan, Xiaodi Yan, Yi Zhu, Joanne Goldbort, Elizabeth Bogdan-Lovis
Returning to work poses a challenge to new mothers' breastfeeding success during the first 6 months postpartum. While previous research has shown that breastfeeding-related workplace policy plays a significant role in women's decision to continue breastfeeding, the extent to which interpersonal factors such as coworkers' (lack of) support and stigma affect women's breastfeeding behavior is less understood. Through a cross-sectional survey with 500 working mothers, this research found that female coworker support of other women played an important role in affecting mothers' decision to continue breastfeeding after returning to work and contributed to breastfeeding self-efficacy...
May 17, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767725/advancing-the-health-of-women-and-newborns-predictors-of-patient-satisfaction-among-women-attending-antenatal-and-maternity-care-in-rural-rwanda
#4
Christine Mutaganzwa, Leah Wibecan, Hari S Iyer, Evrard Nahimana, Anatole Manzi, Francois Biziyaremye, Merab Nyishime, Fulgence Nkikabahizi, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Hema Magge
Objective: Identify predictors of patient satisfaction with antenatal care (ANC) and maternity services in rural Rwanda. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Twenty-six health facilities in Southern Kayonza (SK) and Kirehe districts. Participants: Sample of women ≥ 16 years old receiving antenatal and delivery care between November and December 2013. Intervention: Survey of patient satisfaction with antenatal and delivery care to inform quality improvement (QI) initiatives aimed at reducing neonatal mortality...
May 15, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766615/barriers-and-facilitators-to-smoking-cessation-in-pregnancy-and-in-the-post-partum-period-the-health-care-professionals-perspective
#5
Felix Naughton, Sarah Hopewell, Lesley Sinclair, Dorothy McCaughan, Jennifer McKell, Linda Bauld
OBJECTIVES: Health care professionals and the health care environment play a central role in protecting pregnant and post-partum women and their infants from smoking-related harms. This study aimed to better understand the health professional's perspective on how interactions between women, health care professionals, and the environment influence how smoking is managed. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews and focus groups. METHODS: Data were from 48 health care staff involved in antenatal or post-partum care at two UK sites, including midwives, obstetricians, health visitors, GPs, pharmacists, service commissioners, and Stop Smoking Service (SSS) advisors and managers...
May 15, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764327/to-boldly-go-where-no-relationship-has-gone-before-commentary-on-interpersonal-relationships-in-the-digital-age
#6
Bradley M Okdie, David R Ewoldsen
Individuals have a need to maintain positive social interactions, and with the advent of new-media technologies, there are a myriad ways individuals can satisfy this need by engaging socially in mediated (non-face-to-face) communication, hence the need for a special issue on "Relationships in the Digital Age." The articles in this special issue reflect the need to answer theoretical questions brought forth by the increased tendency for individuals to create and maintain interpersonal relationships through mediated forms of communication...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754762/developmental-delay-in-communication-among-toddlers-and-its-relationship-to-caregiving-behavior-among-violence-exposed-posttraumatically-stressed-mothers
#7
R Torrisi, E Arnautovic, V C Pointet Perizzolo, M Vital, A Manini, F Suardi, M Gex-Fabry, S Rusconi Serpa, D S Schechter
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to understand if maternal interpersonal violence-related posttraumatic stress disorder (IPV-PTSD) is associated with delayed language development among very young children ("toddlers"). METHODS: Data were collected from 61 mothers and toddlers (ages 12-42 months, mean age = 25.6 months SD = 8.70). Child expressive and receptive language development was assessed by the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) communication subscale (ASQCS) that measures language acquisition...
May 10, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751754/examining-diffusion-to-understand-the-how-of-sasa-a-violence-against-women-and-hiv-prevention-intervention-in-uganda
#8
Elizabeth Starmann, Lori Heise, Nambusi Kyegombe, Karen Devries, Tanya Abramsky, Lori Michau, Tina Musuya, Charlotte Watts, Martine Collumbien
BACKGROUND: A growing number of complex public health interventions combine mass media with community-based "change agents" and/or mobilisation efforts acting at multiple levels. While impact evaluations are important, there is a paucity of research into the more nuanced roles intervention and social network factors may play in achieving intervention outcomes, making it difficult to understand how different aspects of the intervention worked (or did not). This study applied aspects of diffusion of innovations theory to explore how SASA!, a community mobilisation approach for preventing HIV and violence against women, diffused within intervention communities and the factors that influenced the uptake of new ideas and behaviours around intimate partner relationships and violence...
May 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751612/advice-and-frequently-asked-questions-faqs-for-citizen-science-environmental-health-assessments
#9
Timothy M Barzyk, Hongtai Huang, Ronald Williams, Amanda Kaufman, Jonathan Essoka
Citizen science provides quantitative results to support environmental health assessments (EHAs), but standardized approaches do not currently exist to translate findings into actionable solutions. The emergence of low-cost portable sensor technologies and proliferation of publicly available datasets provides unparalleled access to supporting evidence; yet data collection, analysis, interpretation, visualization, and communication are subjective approaches that must be tailored to a decision-making audience capable of improving environmental health...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751561/factors-associated-with-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-older-adults-from-six-low-and-middle-income-countries
#10
Cadeyrn J Gaskin, Liliana Orellana
Rising life expectancy in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), coupled with the increasing burden of non-communicable diseases, accentuates the importance of generating information to support public health strategies. With this aim in mind, the purpose of this study was to identify correlates of physical activity and sedentary behavior in LMIC. We analyzed Wave 1 data (collected 2007⁻2010) from the World Health Organization’s longitudinal Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE), which focuses on nationally representative samples of adults aged 50 years and older from six countries (China, n = 13,157; India, n = 6560; Mexico, n = 2301; Russian Federation, n = 3763; South Africa, n = 3836; and Ghana, n = 4305)...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751256/peer-pressure-on-the-riverbank-assessing-catch-and-release-anglers-willingness-to-sanction-others-bad-behavior
#11
Meaghan L Guckian, Andy J Danylchuk, Steven J Cooke, Ezra M Markowitz
Given the well-documented impacts of angler behavior on the biological fitness of angled and released fish, optimizing the conservation value of catch-and-release angling hinges on the extent to which anglers are willing to adopt recommended best practices and refrain from harmful ones. One potentially powerful mechanism underlying adoption of best practices is the social pressure anglers can apply to one another to enforce community norms and values. Past work in other domains demonstrates that forms of interpersonal communication-including social sanctioning-can foster context-appropriate social norms and increase cooperative behavior; yet to date, little research has examined these dynamics in the context of species conservation...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738625/differences-between-florida-and-the-rest-of-the-united-states-in-response-to-local-transmission-of-the-zika-virus-implications-for-future-communication-campaigns
#12
Kenneth M Winneg, Jo Ellen Stryker, Daniel Romer, Kathleen Hall Jamieson
For those at risk for Zika virus infection, prevention requires an approach that includes individual, interpersonal, and community-level support for behavior change. In August 2016, the announcement of local Zika transmission in Florida provided an opportunity to determine whether Zika-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors might be affected differentially in Florida compared to the rest of the nation. From August 8-October 3, 2016, we conducted nationally representative weekly surveys (N = 12,236), oversampling Florida residents, measuring Zika virus news exposure, knowledge about transmission and prevention of the infection, and attitudes and behaviors toward prevention...
May 8, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734944/barriers-and-facilitators-to-hpv-vaccination-in-primary-care-practices-a-mixed-methods-study-using-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research
#13
Jane M Garbutt, Sherry Dodd, Emily Walling, Amanda A Lee, Katharine Kulka, Rebecca Lobb
BACKGROUND: In the United States, the effective, safe huma papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine is underused and opportunities to prevent cancer continue to be missed. National guidelines recommend completing the 2-3 dose HPV vaccine series by age 13, well before exposure to the sexually transmitted virus. Accurate characterization of the facilitators and barriers to full implementation of HPV vaccine recommendations in the primary care setting could inform effective implementation strategies...
May 7, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734358/micro-blog-user-community-discovery-using-generalized-simrank-edge-weighting-method
#14
Jinshan Qi, Liang Xun, Xiaoping Zhou, Zhiyu Li, Yu Liu, Hengchao Cheng
Community discovery is one of the most popular issues in analyzing and understanding a network. Previous research suggests that the discovery can be enhanced by assigning weights to the edges of the network. This paper proposes a novel edge weighting method, which balances both local and global weighting based on the idea of shared neighbor ranging between users and the interpersonal significance of the social network community. We assume that users belonging to the same community have similar relationship network structures...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733361/clinical-excellence-in-endocrinology
#15
Howard B A Baum
Context: Clinical endocrinology is a field driven largely by numerical parameters. To achieve outstanding patient care, however, the clinical endocrinologist must employ a range of skills which can collectively be called "clinical excellence." While there is extensive published guidance regarding appropriate medical management and outcomes for endocrine patients, there has been no consensus definition of excellence in the field, nor any recommendation as to how excellence can be achieved...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724432/measuring-patient-provider-communication-skills-in-rwanda-selection-adaptation-and-assessment-of-psychometric-properties-of-the-communication-assessment-tool
#16
Vincent Kalumire Cubaka, Michael Schriver, Peter Vedsted, Gregory Makoul, Per Kallestrup
OBJECTIVE: To identify, adapt and validate a measure for providers' communication and interpersonal skills in Rwanda. METHODS: After selection, translation and piloting of the measure, structural validity, test-retest reliability, and differential item functioning were assessed. RESULTS: Identification and adaptation: The 14-item Communication Assessment Tool (CAT) was selected and adapted. VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY TESTING: Content validation found all items highly relevant in the local context except two, which were retained upon understanding the reasoning applied by patients...
April 23, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717074/comparing-practice-management-courses-in-canadian-dental-schools
#17
Dieter J Schonwetter, Barry Schwartz
Practice management has become an increasingly important aspect of dental education over the years in order to better prepare students for the reality of practice. The aim of this study was to quantify and describe practice management courses taught at the ten Canadian dental schools in order to identify common approaches, compare hours, determine types of instructors, and assess the relationship between courses' learning objectives and the Association of Canadian Faculties of Dentistry (ACFD) competencies and Bloom's cognitive levels...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716958/provider-perspectives-on-partnering-with-parents-of-hospitalized-children-to-improve-safety
#18
Rebecca E Rosenberg, Emily Williams, Neesha Ramchandani, Peri Rosenfeld, Beth Silber, Juliette Schlucter, Gail Geraghty, Susan Sullivan-Bolyai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is increasing emphasis on the importance of patient and family engagement for improving patient safety. Our purpose in this study was to understand health care team perspectives on parent-provider safety partnerships for hospitalized US children to complement a parallel study of parent perspectives. METHODS: Our research team, including a family advisor, conducted semistructured interviews and focus groups of a purposive sample of 20 inpatient pediatric providers (nurses, patient care technicians, physicians) in an acute-care pediatric unit at a US urban tertiary hospital...
May 1, 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708368/helping-veterans-achieve-work-a-veterans-health-administration-nationwide-survey-examining-effective-job-development-practices-in-the-community
#19
Marina Kukla, Alan B McGuire, Amy M Strasburger, Elizabeth Belanger, Shana K Bakken
OBJECTIVE: Veterans Health Administration vocational services assist veterans with mental illness to acquire jobs; one major component of these services is job development. The purpose of this study was to characterize the nature of effective job development practices and to examine perceptions and intensity of job development services. METHOD: A national mixed-methods online survey of 233 Veterans Health Administration vocational providers collected data regarding frequency of employer contacts, perceptions of job development ease/difficulty, and effective job development practices when dealing with employers...
April 30, 2018: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706910/development-of-an-online-and-offline-integration-hypothesis-for-healthy-internet-use-theory-and-preliminary-evidence
#20
Xiaoyan Lin, Wenliang Su, Marc N Potenza
The Internet has become an integral part of our daily life, and how to make the best use of the Internet is important to both individuals and the society. Based on previous studies, an Online and Offline Integration Hypothesis is proposed to suggest a framework for considering harmonious and balanced Internet use. The Integration Hypothesis proposes that healthier patterns of Internet usage may be achieved through harmonious integration of people's online and offline worlds. An online/offline integration is proposed to unite self-identity, interpersonal relationships, and social functioning with both cognitive and behavioral aspects by following the principles of communication, transfer, consistency, and "offline-first" priorities...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
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