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Adductor Canal—Saphenous Block

Luca La Colla, Jacques E Chelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Anesthesiology
Brian M Ilfeld
A continuous peripheral nerve block (CPNB) consists of a percutaneously inserted catheter with its tip adjacent to a target nerve/plexus through which local anesthetic may be administered, providing a prolonged block that may be titrated to the desired effect. In the decades after its first report in 1946, a plethora of data relating to CPNB was published, much of which was examined in a 2011 Anesthesia & Analgesia article. The current update is an evidence-based review of the CPNB literature published in the interim...
October 3, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Yasuhiro Morimoto, Tatsunori Haruoka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
M W Zhao, H Tian, N Wang, M Li, X Geng, Q Y Zhou
Objective: To assess the pain control efficiency of continuous adductor canal block in total knee arthroplasty. Methods: From October to December 2015, patients with severe knee osteoarthritis undergoing primary unilateral TKA were observed clinically.All of the patients received ultrasound-guided continuous adductor canal block after surgery.NPRS Pain score in rest and activity at 2, 6, 12, 24, 48 h after surgery were collected, preoperative and postoperative quadriceps strength at 24, 48 h were analyzed. Opioids consumption and anesthesia related adverse effects were also recorded...
September 20, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
George Macrinici, Michelle Drescher, James Ascan, Krzysztof Babicz, Janet Clark, Paul Lagomarcino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Joseph M Neal, Francis V Salinas, Daniel S Choi
OBJECTIVE: Local anesthetic-induced myotoxicity occurs consistently in animal models, yet is reported rarely in humans. Herein, we describe 3 sentinel cases of local anesthetic myotoxicity after continuous adductor canal block (ACB). CASE REPORT: Three patients underwent total knee arthroplasty that was managed with subarachnoid block plus ACB induced with 1.5% lidocaine or 1.5% mepivacaine bolus followed by 2% ropivacaine at 8 mL/h. Although initial postoperative recovery was normal, each patient on either postoperative day 1 or 2 developed progressive, profound weakness of the quadriceps muscles...
September 22, 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Xu Jiang, Qian-Qian Wang, Cheng-Ai Wu, Wei Tian
The aim of this meta-analysis and systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of adductor canal block (ACB) for early postoperative pain management in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Relevant manuscripts comparing ACB with saline or femoral nerve block (FNB) in TKA patients were searched for in the databases of PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane library. The outcomes assessed included cumulative analgesic consumption, pain at rest or during movement, ability to ambulate, quadriceps strength, and complications (nausea, vomiting or sedation)...
August 2016: Orthopaedic Surgery
D Thapa, V Ahuja, P Verma, S Gombar, R Gupta, D Dhiman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Intermittent boluses for neural blockade provide better post-operative analgesia when compared to continuous infusion. However, these techniques of administration have not yet been compared while performing adductor canal block (ACB). We compared intermittent vs. continuous ACB for managing post-operative pain following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The primary endpoint was total morphine consumption for 24 h post-operatively in both the groups...
November 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Adam Daniel Gerrard, Ben Brooks, Peter Asaad, Shahab Hajibandeh, Shahin Hajibandeh
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain after major knee surgery can be severe. Our aim was to compare the outcomes of epidural analgesia and peripheral nerve blockade (PNB) in patients undergoing total knee joint replacement (TKR). Moreover, we aimed to compare outcomes of adductor canal block (ACB) with those of femoral nerve block (FNB) after TKR. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of electronic information sources, including MEDLINE; EMBASE; CINAHL; and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL)...
September 3, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Donghai Li, Zhen Tan, Pengde Kang, Bin Shen, Fuxing Pei
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to combine intra-articular and peri-articular with wound infiltration analgesia (multi-site infiltration analgesia, MIA) for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and compare its pain management and early rehabilitation effect with the commonly used nerve block including adductor cannel block (FNB) and femoral nerve block (ACB). METHOD: We conducted a prospective randomized controlled trial and 77 patients were included for analysis...
August 25, 2016: International Orthopaedics
Sandeep H Krishnan, Lisa A Gilbert, Farhad Ghoddoussi, Daniel J Applefield, Safa S Kassab, Terry A Ellis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: For the hundreds of thousands of patients who undergo total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in the United States each year, early mobilization has been demonstrated to improve functional outcomes and reduce complications. Management of postoperative pain is a critical factor in achieving early mobilization. Recent studies have shown that the use of an adductor canal block (ACB) after TKA results in increased preservation of quadriceps muscle strength, without significant difference in postoperative pain when compared to femoral nerve block...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Gianluca Cappelleri, Pietro Molinari, Antonella Stanco
No major complications have been associated with the ultrasound-guided continuous adductor canal block (cACB). We present a case of iatrogenic pseudoaneurysm in a branch of the superficial femoral artery in a 44-year-old patient after a cACB for knee surgery. Both anesthesia and surgery were completed uneventfully. The postoperative day 3 examination showed a complete quadricep impairment and a large hematoma in a medial-anterior part of the thigh, and laboratory tests reported hemoglobin = 7.2 g dL. The computed tomography scan revealed the pseudoaneurysm (16 × 16 × 18 mm) that was successfully embolized after selective catheterization...
August 22, 2016: A & A Case Reports
Lauren M Smith, Michael J Barrington
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Pierre Goffin, Jean-Pierre Lecoq, Vincent Ninane, Jean Francois Brichant, Xavi Sala-Blanch, Philippe E Gautier, Pierre Bonnet, Alain Carlier, Admir Hadzic
The adductor canal block has become a common analgesic technique in patients undergoing knee arthroplasty. Dispersion of local anesthetic outside the adductor canal through interfascial layers and blockade of smaller nerves that confer innervation to the knee could contribute to the analgesic efficacy of the adductor canal block. We studied the diffusion of local anesthetic mixed with dye after injection into the adductor canal in fresh human cadavers. In all 8 legs, injectate was found in the popliteal fossa in contact with the sciatic nerve and/or popliteal blood vessels...
August 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Jacques T YaDeau, Chad M Brummett, David J Mayman, Yi Lin, Enrique A Goytizolo, Douglas E Padgett, Michael M Alexiades, Richard L Kahn, Kethy M Jules-Elysee, Kara G Fields, Amanda K Goon, Yuliya Gadulov, Geoffrey Westrich
BACKGROUND: Duloxetine is effective for chronic musculoskeletal and neuropathic pain, but there are insufficient data to recommend the use of antidepressants for postoperative pain. The authors hypothesized that administration of duloxetine for 15 days would reduce pain with ambulation at 2 weeks after total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: In this triple-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, patients received either duloxetine or placebo for 15 days, starting from the day of surgery...
September 2016: Anesthesiology
C S Kirkness, C V Asche, J Ren, K Gordon, P Maurer, B Maurer, B T Maurer
OBJECTIVE: Perioperative pain management is an important aspect of recovery from total knee arthroplasty (TKA) because severe pain can delay ambulation and hospital discharge. The objective of this retrospective sequential cohort study was to determine the impact of local infiltration analgesia using liposome bupivacaine (Exparel (1) ) when compared with a continuous femoral nerve block (FNB) following TKA. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included consecutive patients who underwent TKA between April 2011 and April 2014, and received one of three interventions...
July 18, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Fuqiang Gao, Jinhui Ma, Wei Sun, Wanshou Guo, Zirong Li, Weiguo Wang
OBJECTIVES: The efficacy and safety of adductor canal block (ACB) as compared to femoral nerve block (FNB) for postoperative pain management in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remains controversial. We therefore performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to compare ACB with FNB in TKA. METHODS: Databases, including Pubmed, Medline, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane library were searched to identify RCTs comparing ACB with FNB for pain management in patients undergoing TKA...
June 17, 2016: Clinical Journal of Pain
Xing-Qi Zhao, Nan Jiang, Fei-Fei Yuan, Lei Wang, Bin Yu
PURPOSE: Although several studies have compared the clinical efficacy of an adductor canal block (ACB) to that of a femoral nerve block (FNB) for analgesia after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), disputes mainly exist in the recovery of quadriceps strength and mobilization ability between the two methods. The aim of the present study was to compare, in a systematic review and meta-analysis, the clinical efficacy of ACB with that of FNB. METHODS: We systematically searched randomized controlled trials comparing FNB with ACB for analgesia after TKA in Pubmed and the Cochrane Library from inception to April 30th 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Medhat M Messeha
BACKGROUND: Lumbar plexus block, combined with a sciatic nerve block, is an effective locoregional anesthetic technique for analgesia and anesthesia of the lower extremity. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical results outcome of the adductor canal block versus the psoas compartment block combined with sciatic nerve block using real time ultrasound guidance in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic knee surgeries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety patients who were undergoing elective laparoscopic knee surgeries were randomly allocated to receive a sciatic nerve block in addition to lumbar plexus block using either an adductor canal block (ACB) or a posterior psoas compartment approach (PCB) using 25 ml of bupivacine 0...
May 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Ming-Jie Kuang, Li-Yan Xu, Jian-Xiong Ma, Ying Wang, Jie Zhao, Bin Lu, Xin-Long Ma
OBJECTIVE: Continuous femoral nerve block (CFNB) is considered the preferred analgesia after TKA. However, it may weaken quadriceps muscle strength, subsequently increasing the risk of falling. Adductor canal block (ACB) is a new sensory block technique that effectively relieves postoperative pain while preserving quadriceps strength. Thias meta-analysis was conducted to determine whether ACB of CFNB provides better pain relief and functional recovery after TKA. METHOD: The PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Library databases were comprehensively searched...
July 2016: International Journal of Surgery
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