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fracture olecranon

Yuki Fujihara, Masahiro Tatebe, Nasa Fujihara, Hiromasa Tanaka, Hitoshi Hirata
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to verify the use of initial plain radiographs, specifically the presence of a longitudinal crack on the olecranon, for diagnosing olecranon occult fractures in children. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients younger than 16 years who were diagnosed with proximal radial fractures treated at our hospital between April 1, 2006 and September 31, 2014. We included 22 patients (9 boys and 13 girls) with a mean age of 8...
October 6, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Matthew P Cheng, Marc-Christian Domingo, Simon Lévesque, Cedric P Yansouni
BACKGROUND: There are increasing data regarding Terrisporobacter glycolicus as an emerging anaerobic pathogen. However, the few published cases to date usually report it as part of a polymicrobial infection. Here, we describe the first reported monomicrobial surgical site infection with this bacterium. Identification methods, taxonomy, and clinical management of this rarely identified pathogen are also discussed. CASE PRESENTATION: A previously healthy 66-year-old sustained an open olecranon fracture of his left arm after trauma...
September 29, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Y Fujihara, M Tatebe, N Fujihara, H Tanaka, H Hirata
The aim of this study was to identify the fragment's shape by evaluating olecranon fractures. We examined the CT images of 48 olecranon fractures (28 women and 20 men). Mean age was 59.9 years. On the olecranon's posterior surface, we measured the distance between the apex of the olecranon fragment and the radial edge of the flat spot on the short axis and the width of the flat spot on the same short axis. The tip radial ratio (i.e., the tip radial edge to the flat spot width) was derived from these parameters...
August 2016: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
F M A P Claessen, A R Kachooei, K K J Verheij, G P Kolovich, Chaitanya S Mudgal
BACKGROUND: Radial head compression against the capitellum may cause concomitant fracture of the capitellum. The purpose of this study was to investigate if radial head fracture type is associated with a concomitant fracture of the capitellum. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were identified from five area hospitals. We retrieved records of patients older than 18 years of age who underwent treatment for concomitant capitellum fracture and radial head fracture between January 2002 and January 2013...
August 2016: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
Julien Chapleau, Frédéric Balg, Edward J Harvey, Jérémie Ménard, Frédéric Vauclair, G-Yves Laflamme, Jonah Hebert-Davies, Dominique M Rouleau
PURPOSE: The Proximal Ulna Dorsal Angulation (PUDA) is part of the proximal ulna's normal anatomy. The importance of restoring ulnar anatomy characteristics precisely after olecranon fracture is not known, however, failure to recreate the PUDA after surgery may result in poorer functional outcomes. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of minimal proximal ulna malunion on elbow ROM and function at least one year after olecranon ORIF. METHOD: A retrospective comparative cohort study took place in three level-1 trauma centers...
August 30, 2016: Injury
M Hackl, S Lappen, W F Neiss, M Scaal, L P Müller, K Wegmann
BACKGROUND: Olecranon osteotomy is an established approach for the treatment of distal humerus fractures. It should be performed through the bare area of the proximal ulna to avoid iatrogenic cartilage lesions. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to analyze the anatomy of the proximal ulna with regard to the bare area and, thereby, to optimize the hitting area of the bare area when performing olecranon osteotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The bare areas of 30 embalmed forearm specimens were marked with a radiopaque wire and visualized three-dimensionally with a mobile C‑arm...
October 2016: Der Orthopäde
Edward M DelSole, Kenneth A Egol, Nirmal C Tejwani
BACKGROUND: Cost effective implant selection in orthopedic trauma is essential in the current era of managed healthcare delivery. Both locking and non-locking plates have been utilized in the treatment of displaced fractures of the olecranon. However, locking plates are often more costly and may not provide superior clinical outcomes. The primary aim of the present study is to assess the clinical and functional outcomes of olecranon fractures treated with locked and non-locking plate and screw constructs while providing insight into the cost of various implants...
2016: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
A Maresca, R Fantasia, M Cianforlini, N Giampaolini, S Cerbasi, R Pascarella
PURPOSE: Distal-third diaphyseal fractures of the humerus are often hard to treat due to location and pattern of the fractures, radial nerve injury, and quality of bone and age of patients. The aim of this retrospective study is to propose the best approach and the best surgical technique according to the pattern of extra-articular fracture of the distal humerus. METHODS: We have treated 37 fractures of the distal humerus between January 2010 and July 2015 classified according to the AO classification...
August 12, 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
Martin Zens, Frank Goldschmidtboeing, Ferdinand Wagner, Kilian Reising, Norbert P Südkamp, Peter Woias
BACKGROUND: Several different surgical techniques are used in the treatment of olecranon fractures. Tension band wiring is one of the most preferred options by surgeons worldwide. The concept of this technique is to transform a tensile force into a compression force that adjoins two surfaces of a fractured bone. Currently, little is known about the resulting compression force within a fracture. OBJECTIVE: Sensor devices are needed that directly transduce the compression force into a measurement quality...
July 22, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
David A Fuller
PURPOSE: The purpose of this video is to demonstrate the surgical technique of olecranon osteotomy with tension band wire repair. METHODS: A patient with a comminuted, intra-articular distal humerus fracture requiring ORIF is presented in this video demonstration of the surgical technique of an olecranon osteotomy. The olecranon osteotomy is an established technique for approaching the distal humerus for surgical repair of fracture. In the video, the patient is positioned laterally allowing a dorsal incision...
August 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
David A Fuller
PURPOSE: The purpose of this video is to demonstrate the surgical repair of an intraarticular distal humerus fracture. METHODS: A polytrauma patient with an intraarticular distal humerus fracture is shown. The patient is positioned laterally, with a posterior skin incision and olecranon osteotomy for exposure. An anatomic reduction is achieved, and internal fixation with perpendicular plating of the distal humerus is performed. RESULTS: The video is 18 minutes, 34 seconds duration in time and 2,048,752,000 bytes in size...
August 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Ying-Chao Chou, Yung-Heng Hsu, Yi-Hsun Yu, Chi-Chuan Wu
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine if the triceps-reflecting anconeus pedicle (TRAP) approach combined with the precontoured locking plate can provide acceptable clinical outcomes in the treatment of comminuted distal humerus fracture. METHODS: Between August 2008 and June 2014, 48 patients with Orthopaedic Trauma Association type C (21 with C2, 27 with C3) distal humerus fractures underwent open reduction and internal fixation with orthogonal precontoured locking plate fixation using the TRAP approach...
October 2016: Injury
Andrea Celli
BACKGROUND: During the past decade, total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) procedures have increased because of an increase in the number of trauma patients. Even though most current posterior approaches to the elbow provide excellent joint exposure, they involve the risk of extensor mechanism injury and of eventual insufficiency, particularly in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) secondary to fracture. I describe a new triceps exposure approach for TEA, the anconeus-triceps lateral flap, which has proved valuable in patients with distal humeral and olecranon fracture malunion, and its preliminary results at a minimum follow-up of 24 months...
August 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
T Hetling, P Bourban, B Gojanovic
Background. Gymnasts have high mechanical loading forces of up to 14 times body weight. Overuse lesions are typical in wrists and stress fractures in the olecranon, while isolated fractures of the coronoid process are uncommon. We present a case of retraumatized nonunion stress fracture of the ulnar coronoid process. Case Description. A 19-year-old gymnast presented with elbow pain after training. Imaging confirmed an old fracture of the coronoid process. We describe a 6-month multiphase return to competition rehabilitation program, which allowed him to compete pain-freely...
2016: Case Reports in Orthopedics
You Zhang, Shiqing Liu, Hongbin Zhou, Xiaorong Qin, Xiangwei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of modified classification of terrible triad of the elbow and the effectiveness of treatment strategy which was chosen by modified classification results. METHODS: Between March 2007 and November 2013, 12 cases of terrible triad of the elbow were treated by operation. There were 5 males and 7 females with an average age of 37.2 years (range, 26-74 years). The mechanism of injury was falling from height in 8 cases and traffic accident in 4 cases...
March 2016: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
K Wegmann, K Engel, E Skouras, M Hackl, L P Müller, J C Hopf, T C Koslowsky
BACKGROUND: Comminuted proximal ulna fractures are rare and reconstruction of these fractures is discussed controversially. The aim of this study was to test three currently available plate devices in a standardized comminuted four-part fracture model created in proximal ulna sawbones. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A standardized four-part fracture of the proximal ulna was created in 80 sawbones. Reconstruction was performed by five experienced test surgeons according to a standardized reconstruction protocol...
August 2016: Injury
Robert Ndou, Sovana Maharaj, Lynne Alison Schepartz
The supratrochlear aperture (STA) is a perforation of the septum between the olecranon and coronoid fossae of the humerus. Bones with STA are prone to supracondylar fractures and are thought to have narrower medullary canals. Our aim was to explore the relationship of the STA with medullary canal width and humeral size. The study employed a case-control research design with approximately equal numbers of individuals with and without STA from South African Whites, Blacks, and the Mixed ethnic group. Radiographs were taken anteroposteriorly using a Lodox Statscan and Image J(®) software was used to acquire measurements from the radiographs...
May 30, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Amir Reza Kachooei, Jos J Mellema, Matthew A Tarabochia, Neal Chen, C Niek van Dijk, David Ring
BACKGROUND: This study addressed the primary null hypothesis that there is no difference in the articular surface area of the lesser sigmoid notch involved among Mayo classes. Secondarily, we analyzed the fracture line location and the pattern of lesser sigmoid notch articular surface involvement among Mayo classes. METHODS: Using quantitative 3-dimensional computed tomography, we reconstructed and analyzed fractures involving the lesser sigmoid notch articular surface in 52 patients...
October 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Anthony F De Giacomo, Paul Tornetta, Brent J Sinicrope, Patrick K Cronin, Peter L Althausen, Timothy J Bray, Michael S Kain, Andrew Marcantonio, Claude Sagi, Chris R James
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to report the physical and functional outcomes after open reduction internal fixation of the olecranon in a large series of patients with region specific plating across multiple centres. PATIENTS/METHODS: Between January 2007 and January 2014, 182 consecutive patients with a displaced olecranon fracture treated with open reduction internal fixation were included in this study. Retrospective review across four trauma centres collected elbow range of motion, DASH scores, hardware complications, and hardware removal...
July 2016: Injury
Ki Hyuk Sung, Chin Youb Chung, Kyoung Min Lee, Jaebong Lee, Myung Ki Chung, Byung Chae Cho, Seung Jun Moon, Moon Seok Park
This pilot study was performed to evaluate the correlation between central bone mineral density (BMD) and peripheral BMD around the elbow in children and adolescents and to compare BMD values across skeletal sites. Twenty-seven healthy volunteers between 5 and 18 yr of age were recruited for the study. Anthropometric measurements including height and weight were performed. Central BMD at the lumbar spine and left femur and peripheral BMD at the supracondylar area, medial condyle, lateral condyle, and olecranon were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
May 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
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